Study sets matching "biology"

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Study sets matching "biology"

37 terms
Biology
Ogy
Bio
Oste
Cyte
The study of
Life
Bone
Cell
Ogy
The study of
Bio
Life
19 terms
Biology
monomers
polymers
monosaccharides
amino acids
are the smaller units from which larger molecules are made
are molecules made from a large number of monomers joined tog…
A type of monomer from which larger carbohydrates are made. E…
A type of monomer: builds blocks of protein
monomers
are the smaller units from which larger molecules are made
polymers
are molecules made from a large number of monomers joined tog…
267 terms
Biology
Organelle
Light microscope (magnification and re…
TEM (magnification and resolution)
SEM (magnification and resolution)
A specialised part of a cell that performs a particular funct…
x1500... 200nm
x500,000 ... 0.2nm
x100,000 ... 10nm... 3D
Organelle
A specialised part of a cell that performs a particular funct…
Light microscope (magnification and re…
x1500... 200nm
Biology
Biology
Biologist
Energy
Cell
life
a person who studies life
the ability to do work.... can be transformed and changed.
unit of life... DNA
Biology
life
Biologist
a person who studies life
11 terms
Biology
Torment
Isolate
Leisure
Measles
Extreme physical or mental plan
To put or keep someone or something in a place separate from…
Enjoyable activities that you do when you are not working
A disease that causes a fever and red spots on your skin
Torment
Extreme physical or mental plan
Isolate
To put or keep someone or something in a place separate from…
21 terms
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
biome
An alternative form of a gene.
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
allele
An alternative form of a gene.
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
6 terms
Biology
Community
Competition
Ecosystem
Niche
All living things in an ecosystem
The struggle among organisms for water, food, and other needs
All the living and nonliving tings in an environment and thei…
The role of an organism in an ecosystem
Community
All living things in an ecosystem
Competition
The struggle among organisms for water, food, and other needs
Biology
DNA
Emergent properties
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
Emergent properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
27 terms
Biology
analyze
control
hibernating
rigid
to examine in detail
to check or regulate (a scientific experiment), as by carryin…
to spend the winter in an inactive state resembling deep sleep
stiff; not flexible
analyze
to examine in detail
control
to check or regulate (a scientific experiment), as by carryin…
Biology
allele
Archaea
ATP
biome
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
BIOLOGY
extensive
diffuse
dandelion
resist
covering a large area
(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj.) wordy, lon…
{noun} a common wild plant with yellow flowers.
An opposing force
extensive
covering a large area
diffuse
(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj.) wordy, lon…
63 terms
BIOLOGY
The three parts to cell theory
animal cell
cytoplasm
nucleus
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells ... 2. cells are the b…
A cell containing ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bod…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
The three parts to cell theory
1. all cells come from pre-existing cells ... 2. cells are the b…
animal cell
A cell containing ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bod…
65 terms
Biology
Herbivore
Biomass
Omnivore
Nutrient
Organism that obtains energy by eating only plants
Total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
Organism that obtains energy by eating both plants and animals
The chemical substances that an organism needs to sustain life
Herbivore
Organism that obtains energy by eating only plants
Biomass
Total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level
24 terms
Biology
meter (m)
liter (L)
gram (g)
triple beam balance
length
liquid volume
mass
mass
meter (m)
length
liter (L)
liquid volume
30 terms
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
15 terms
Biology
Biosphere
Biome
Species
Population
The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
A group of ecosystems that have similar climates and organisms.
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals.
An assemblage of individuals that belong to the same species…
Biosphere
The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that have similar climates and organisms.
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
Biology
What is homeostasis?
What are the eight characteristics of…
What are the steps of the scientific m…
What are the four groups of organic co…
The body maintaining a steady internal temperature.
Reproduce, grow and develop, adapt, made of cells, contain ge…
PHEOC... P - Problem... H - Hypothesis... E - Experiment... O - Observati…
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Proteins, and nucleic acids.
What is homeostasis?
The body maintaining a steady internal temperature.
What are the eight characteristics of…
Reproduce, grow and develop, adapt, made of cells, contain ge…
30 terms
Biology
PATHOGEN
ANTIBODY
BACTERIA
VIRUSES
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Bacteria are living cells and can multiply rapidly. Once insi…
Viruses can only reproduce inside host cells, and they damage…
PATHOGEN
MICROORGANISM THAT CAUSES ILLNESS OR DISEASE
ANTIBODY
PRODUCED BY WBC WHEN IMMUNE SYSTEM DETECTS A PARTICULAR PATHO…
Biology
Monomer for carbohhydrates
2 monosaccharides joined together
3 monosaccharides joined together
Monomer for proteins
Monosaccharides
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Amino acids
Monomer for carbohhydrates
Monosaccharides
2 monosaccharides joined together
Disaccharide
Biology
Abiotic
Active Transport
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adhesion
...
...
...
...
Abiotic
...
Active Transport
...
Biology
cancer
development
ecology
gene
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
the branch of biology that studies the interactions of organi…
sections of chromosomes made of DNA that code for traits. The…
cancer
a growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
development
the change in shape or organisms over time. Ex. a child's ___…
Biology, Biology
Body Systems
Atom
cells
Molecules
Sets of organs in our bodies that do the work to keep us heal…
Tiniest part of all living and non-living things.
Small part of all living things.
Many cells working together.
Body Systems
Sets of organs in our bodies that do the work to keep us heal…
Atom
Tiniest part of all living and non-living things.
16 terms
biology
cells
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Organism whose cells have a nucleus and organelles (ex. human…
cells
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
cell theory
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
12 terms
Biology
Aerobic Organisms
Alcoholic fermentation
Anaerobic respiration
ATP
Perform cellular respiration in the presence of oxygen
fermentation in which pyruvic acid changes to alcohol
respiration in the absence of oxygen
energy in the cell
Aerobic Organisms
Perform cellular respiration in the presence of oxygen
Alcoholic fermentation
fermentation in which pyruvic acid changes to alcohol
Biology
pedigree
x-linked
recessive gene
dominant gene
...
...
...
...
pedigree
...
x-linked
...
23 terms
Biology
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
36 terms
Biology
Electron Microscope
Compound Microscope
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Can only view dead specimens... Electron beam
Can view living or dead specimens... Uses two or more lenses
Discovered the first microscope
Coined the term cell while studying cork
Electron Microscope
Can only view dead specimens... Electron beam
Compound Microscope
Can view living or dead specimens... Uses two or more lenses
12 terms
biology
incomplete dominance
Co-dominance
44 total, 22 pairs
1 pair, X and Y chromosomes
If two alleles blend together, they have ________________
If some alleles are dominant on some parts of the organism an…
How many autosomal chromosomes does a person get from each pa…
How many sex chromosomes does a person get from each parent?
incomplete dominance
If two alleles blend together, they have ________________
Co-dominance
If some alleles are dominant on some parts of the organism an…
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
biology
echino
eco
ect
electro
spiny/prickly
house
out/outside
electric
echino
spiny/prickly
eco
house
119 terms
Biology
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
8 terms
Biology
1) All living things
2) All living things
3) All living things
4) All living things
are composed of 1 or more cells
respond to stimuli
Go through homeostasis
Go through metabolism
1) All living things
are composed of 1 or more cells
2) All living things
respond to stimuli
Biology
Hydrochloric acid
Carbon Dioxide
6h20+6CO2=C6H1206+6O2
Fermentation
According to the ph range which substance is more acidic than…
What substance produced by alcoholic fermentation makes bread…
Which of the following formulas represents photosynthesis.
Which of the following is NOT apart of the stage cellular res…
Hydrochloric acid
According to the ph range which substance is more acidic than…
Carbon Dioxide
What substance produced by alcoholic fermentation makes bread…
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
Biology
Homeostasis
Concentration
Diffusion
Equilibrium
The biological balance between a cell or an organism and its…
Gradient the difference in concentration of a substance acros…
The process by which molecules move from an area of greater c…
A state that exists when the concentration of a substance is…
Homeostasis
The biological balance between a cell or an organism and its…
Concentration
Gradient the difference in concentration of a substance acros…
14 terms
Biology
Cell
Active transport
concentration gradient
diffusion
Basic unit of all living things
...
...
...
Cell
Basic unit of all living things
Active transport
...
6 terms
Biology
Predation
Inter-specific competition
Symbiosis
Parasitism
the predator, eats all of or part of prey
A type of interaction in which two or more species use the sa…
A close, long-term relationship between two organisms
A relationship in which one individual is harmed while the ot…
Predation
the predator, eats all of or part of prey
Inter-specific competition
A type of interaction in which two or more species use the sa…
354 terms
Biology
What makes up cell membrane?
Cell membrane
Semi-permeable
Pyruvate
Phospholipid
Semi-permeable
Small, non-polar molecules
Can feed into the citric acid cycle, fermentation, gluconeoge…
What makes up cell membrane?
Phospholipid
Cell membrane
Semi-permeable
Biology
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Main source for cells
Double sugar
Single sugars
Glucose
Carbohydrates
Main source for cells
Lipids
Double sugar
Biology
Cardiovascular system
AB type blood
Stroke
Vesicle
composed of blood, heart and blood vessels
universal recipient... can receive any type of blood
blood vessel In brain that become clogged/broken... brain cells…
a sac in the cytoplasm
Cardiovascular system
composed of blood, heart and blood vessels
AB type blood
universal recipient... can receive any type of blood
503 terms
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
139 terms
Biology
Biology
Characteristics of Life
metabolism
Zacharias Jansen
study of life
cellular organization... uses energy... reproduction... system of rela…
nutrition... transport... respiration... excretion... synthesis... regulatio…
first microscope
Biology
study of life
Characteristics of Life
cellular organization... uses energy... reproduction... system of rela…
Biology
Producer
Consumer
Food web
Food chain
Organism that makes their own food
Organism that receives their energy by consuming another orga…
Diagram that shows the flow of energy among all organisms in…
A diagram of one flow of energy in an ecosystem
Producer
Organism that makes their own food
Consumer
Organism that receives their energy by consuming another orga…
88 terms
Biology
Biology
Habitat
Abiotic
Biotic
Study of living things in their habitat
Made up of living and non-living things
Non-living
Living
Biology
Study of living things in their habitat
Habitat
Made up of living and non-living things
biology
Why is carbon unique?
endothermic
exothermic
catalyst
Carbon is identical
collects energy
releases energy
slows down chemical reaction
Why is carbon unique?
Carbon is identical
endothermic
collects energy
190 terms
Biology
DNA
replication
nucleotides
RNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
double the chromosomes
neuclic acid base pairs
receives instructions from DNA
DNA
Deoxyriboneucleic acid found mainly in the nucleus
replication
double the chromosomes
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
Biology
Bio
Logy
Biology
Unicellular
Life
Study of
Study of Life
Organism that is only 1 cell that are microscopic
Bio
Life
Logy
Study of
biology
organelle
types of organelles
mitochondria
ribosomes
an organelle is a cell component that performs specific funct…
cell membrane nucleous mitochondria chloroplast ribosomes dna…
mitchondria produces a lot of energy, its produced in the inn…
the function of a ribosome is to make protein ... Cytoplasmic or…
organelle
an organelle is a cell component that performs specific funct…
types of organelles
cell membrane nucleous mitochondria chloroplast ribosomes dna…
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