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Study sets matching "biology"

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Study sets matching "biology"

170 terms
Biology
hypothesis
variables
independent variable
dependent variable
an educated guess or prediction; usually in "if...then" form
factors that are measured in an experiment
variable that is purposefully changed in an experiment
the variable that changes are a result of the experiment
hypothesis
an educated guess or prediction; usually in "if...then" form
variables
factors that are measured in an experiment
9 terms
biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
20 terms
Biology
homo
hetero
homoxygous dominant
homozygousm recessive
same/the genotype letters are identical; RR or rr
different/the genotype letters are different sizes: Rr
PP
aa
homo
same/the genotype letters are identical; RR or rr
hetero
different/the genotype letters are different sizes: Rr
39 terms
Biology
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Base
Watson and Crick
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Cytosine, Adenine, Thymine, Guanine... and in mRNA Uracil
The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DN…
Nucleotide
is made of sugar, phosphate, and bases
Deoxyribose
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
12 terms
Biology
Ecological succession
Primary Succession
Secondary Succession
Ecology
a process of change in the species that make up a community
is the establishment and development of an ecosystem in an ar…
is the reestablishment of a damaged ecosystem
study of the interactions among all living things
Ecological succession
a process of change in the species that make up a community
Primary Succession
is the establishment and development of an ecosystem in an ar…
20 terms
biology
biology
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
dichotomous keys
study of living organisms
a scheme of classification among organisms
system that gives a certain species a specific name using gen…
identification guide for organisms based off a number of choi…
biology
study of living organisms
taxonomy
a scheme of classification among organisms
7 terms
Biology
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration Equation
Photosynthesis Equation
Exhales CO2, Person inhales O2
Plant uses CO2, Releases O2
Cellular Respiration
Exhales CO2, Person inhales O2
Photosynthesis
Plant uses CO2, Releases O2
11 terms
Biology
autotrophs
photosynthesis
light reaction
calvin cycle
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Part of photosynthesis that involves light. ATP and NADPH are…
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
20 terms
Biology
cells
cell theory
eukaryotes
prokaryotes
basic unit of life
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
have a nucleus, enclose their DNA in nuclei... ex: plant and ani…
have no nucleus, do not enclose their DNA in nuclei... ex: bacte…
cells
basic unit of life
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
Biology
Cells
Unicellular
Multi-cellular
Metabolism
The smallest unit of life
Made of one cell
Made of many cells
Living things require energy (food, sunlight)
Cells
The smallest unit of life
Unicellular
Made of one cell
18 terms
biology
Calvin cycle
Polynomial
Stoma
Descending order
is a biochemical pathway that produce a three carbon sugar fr…
Sum or difference of nonominal
is a small pore on the surface of a plant through which water…
A polynomial that has been arranged so that the highest degre…
Calvin cycle
is a biochemical pathway that produce a three carbon sugar fr…
Polynomial
Sum or difference of nonominal
99 terms
IB Biology- Molecular Biology
molecular biology
carbon
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
the study of living processes in terms of the chemicals invol…
forms many different compounds due to four available covalent…
carbon based molecules that are made in living organisms
any molecule that is produced through non-living means, e.g.…
molecular biology
the study of living processes in terms of the chemicals invol…
carbon
forms many different compounds due to four available covalent…
54 terms
biology
uni
bio
homeos,homos
stim
one
life
same/equal
to goad(make someone do it)
uni
one
bio
life
22 terms
biology
cytoplasm
organelle
vacuole
lysosome
is the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
little organs
stores materials such as water salts proteins and carbohydrates
small organelles filled with enzymes
cytoplasm
is the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
organelle
little organs
7 terms
Biology
organic
biodiversity
conservation
ecosystem
characteristic of, pertaining to, or derived from living orga…
the variation of life at all levels of biological organization
active management of natural populations in order to rebuild…
community of interacting organisms and the physical environme…
organic
characteristic of, pertaining to, or derived from living orga…
biodiversity
the variation of life at all levels of biological organization
biology
Biology
Cellular Biology
Cellular Biology
Biological Chemistry
The study of life
...
The branch of biology that studies the functions and structur…
Composed of essential components for living organisms such as…
Biology
The study of life
Cellular Biology
...
20 terms
biology
ecology
biosphere
abiotic factors
biotic factors
the study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
the portion of the earth that supports living things
the nonliving parts of an organisms environment
all the living organisms that inhabit an environment
ecology
the study of interactions that take place between organisms a…
biosphere
the portion of the earth that supports living things
32 terms
Biology
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Cell Theroy
nucleus
appeared about 3.5 billion years ago.... are smaller than eukary…
appeared about 2.1 billion years ago. plants, fungi, and anim…
-All living organisms are made up of one or more cells. ... -All…
where the cell's DNA is stored in the form as chromosomes
Prokaryotic cell
appeared about 3.5 billion years ago.... are smaller than eukary…
Eukaryotic cell
appeared about 2.1 billion years ago. plants, fungi, and anim…
10 terms
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
Krebs Cycle
Glycolysis
Makes pyruvic acids
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
12 terms
Biology
Bio
Logy
Biology
Unicellular
Life
Study of
Study of Life
Organism that is only 1 cell that are microscopic
Bio
Life
Logy
Study of
9 terms
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Carbohydrate
Protein
The movement of molecules from higher to lower concentration…
The diffusion of water through the membrane ... Ex : egg in vine…
Plants structure , carbs , Quick energy ... Ex : pasta , Hersey
Muscles , enzymes , speeds up reactions while decreasing the…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from higher to lower concentration…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water through the membrane ... Ex : egg in vine…
60 terms
Biology
The teeth of cartilaginous fishes form…
Jaws
cyclostome
The same genes are expressed in the ma…
progressively more complex vertebrae are another gnathostome…
Thus it has been proposed that the common ancestor of living…
Clade of living jawless vertebrates that consists of the hagf…
Jon Mallatt has proposed a novel explanation of the origin of…
The teeth of cartilaginous fishes form…
progressively more complex vertebrae are another gnathostome…
Jaws
Thus it has been proposed that the common ancestor of living…
16 terms
Biology
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
Golgi Complex
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
Makes proteins
organelle that modifies, packages, and transports material ou…
Nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Endoplasmic reticulum
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
16 terms
Biology
Monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up polymer
molecules compose of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
simple sugar molecule
Monomer
small chemical unit that makes up polymer
polymer
molecules compose of many monomers
34 terms
Biology
Matter
Biology
Energy
Parts of an atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
the study of life and how it functions
ability to do work or cause a change
proton, neutron, and electron
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Biology
the study of life and how it functions
91 terms
Biology
Spontaneous generation
Biogenesis
Louis Pasteur
Cell theory
-The theory that living things emerge from nonliving or inani…
-Living organisms reproduce to produce other living organisms
-A French chemist, this man discovered that heat could kill b…
-a scientific theory which describes the properties of cells.…
Spontaneous generation
-The theory that living things emerge from nonliving or inani…
Biogenesis
-Living organisms reproduce to produce other living organisms
Biology
Magnification
Eyepiece lens
Objective lens
Resolution
How far you could see a particular sample
Part of the microscope you could look down
Part of the microscope closest to the specimen
Smallest distance between two points that can still be seen a…
Magnification
How far you could see a particular sample
Eyepiece lens
Part of the microscope you could look down
15 terms
Biology
Impartial
Repeatable
Reportable
attitude
Facts v Feelings
Must be true for others
all findings must be shared
curious honest open minded
Impartial
Facts v Feelings
Repeatable
Must be true for others
10 terms
Biology
Product
Reactant
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
The result of a chemical reaction
The substance that starts a chemical reaction
It is the chemical reaction that absorbs energy
It is the chemical reaction that releases energy as heat
Product
The result of a chemical reaction
Reactant
The substance that starts a chemical reaction
biology
Atom
Isotopes
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bond
the basic unit of a chemical element
each of two or more forms of the same element that contain eq…
one atom gives up one or more electrons to another atom.
chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs bet…
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
Isotopes
each of two or more forms of the same element that contain eq…
10 terms
Biology
The six most common elements:
5 Macromolecules
Carbohydrates
Proteins
C - Carbon... H - Hydrogen... N - Nitrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Phosphoro…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic, Acids
Glucose (monosaccharides)... Carbon rings (hexagons) ... * Short te…
Amino acids... Long, folded chains of amino acids ... * Speed up ch…
The six most common elements:
C - Carbon... H - Hydrogen... N - Nitrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Phosphoro…
5 Macromolecules
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic, Acids
Biology
release
outer space
chemical reactions
oganism
the act of liberating someone or something
the place that is beyond our atmosphere
a response that is triggered by the contact of different subs…
any living entity
release
the act of liberating someone or something
outer space
the place that is beyond our atmosphere
biology
Fitness
Homologous structure
Charles Darwin
Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck
how well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
structures that are similar in different species of a common…
An English naturalist and geologist best known for his contri…
A french naturalist that promoted the idea that evolution occ…
Fitness
how well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environ…
Homologous structure
structures that are similar in different species of a common…
70 terms
Biology
polymer
Monomer
7 properties of life
6 steps of scientific procedure
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Structure, Regulation, Response to Stimuli, Growth and Develo…
Make an observation/question, Form a hypothesis, state what w…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
81 terms
biology
Receptors
receptor (eye, retina)
receptor (ear)
receptor (tongue, taste bud)
Receptors transduce different forms of energy into electrical…
light
sound, movement (kinetic)
chemical
Receptors
Receptors transduce different forms of energy into electrical…
receptor (eye, retina)
light
211 terms
biology
describe the classification - animals
the concept and use of a classificatio…
describe the classification - fungi
describe the classification - bacteria
multicelular... store carbohydrates as glycogen... have q cell memb…
Although species can be very different from each other, many…
single-celled/ most are made from multicellular hyphae... Hyphae…
single-celled... cell wall ... cell membrane... cytoplasm... plasmids... chr…
describe the classification - animals
multicelular... store carbohydrates as glycogen... have q cell memb…
the concept and use of a classificatio…
Although species can be very different from each other, many…
37 terms
Biology
Biosphere
Ecology
Species
Population
Al life on earth and all parts of the planet where this exists
The study of all organism that react to the environment
A group of similar organisms
A group of individuals that belong to a specific group
Biosphere
Al life on earth and all parts of the planet where this exists
Ecology
The study of all organism that react to the environment
16 terms
Biology
Infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
an illness that can pass from person to person
an infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
a germ
a type of germ that is not living
Infectious disease
an illness that can pass from person to person
plague
an infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
60 terms
Biology
Biology
Gene
Unicellular
Multicellular
The study of life
Unit in heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring
one cell
many cells
Biology
The study of life
Gene
Unit in heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring
16 terms
Biology
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
Golgi Complex
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
Makes proteins
organelle that modifies, packages, and transports material ou…
Nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Endoplasmic reticulum
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
10 terms
Biology
Abiotic
Biotic
Carrying Capacity
Competition
Non-living
Describes living factors in the environment.
The largest population that an area can support
A common demand by two or more organisms upon a limited suppl…
Abiotic
Non-living
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
8 terms
biology
hypothesis
observation
concentration
qualitative
a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explan…
the faculty or habit of observing or noticing.
a measure of the amount of dissolved substance contained per…
deals with descriptions, data can be observed but not measure…
hypothesis
a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explan…
observation
the faculty or habit of observing or noticing.
82 terms
biology
biology
bios
ology
organisms
study of living things
means life
science or study of
living things
biology
study of living things
bios
means life
23 terms
Biology
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Isotope
the central and most important part of an object ,movement,or…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Nucleus
the central and most important part of an object ,movement,or…
Electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
22 terms
biology
active transport
passive transport
mitosis
meosis
low to high concentration requires energy
high to low concentration does not require energy
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Takes place in the gonads; chromosome # goes from 46 to 23, w…
active transport
low to high concentration requires energy
passive transport
high to low concentration does not require energy
38 terms
biology
white blood cell
sperm cell
palisade cell
root hair cell
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
tail, mitochondria, acrosome, nucleus
cell wall, cell membrane, nucleus, mitochondria, cytoplasm, c…
root hair, cell wall, cell membrane, large vacuole, cytoplasm…
white blood cell
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
sperm cell
tail, mitochondria, acrosome, nucleus
15 terms
Biology
Nucleus
Cell membrane
DNA
Protein
Control center of the cell.
Controls movement in and out of the cell.
Genetic code
Is made up of amino acids
Nucleus
Control center of the cell.
Cell membrane
Controls movement in and out of the cell.
26 terms
Biology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Photosynthesis
The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert e…
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energ…
The sum total of all processes in an organism which break dow…
The process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Metabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which convert e…
Anabolism
The sum total of all processes in an organism which use energ…
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