How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biotechnology and genomics"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biotechnology and genomics"

19 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
biotech
agriculture application
medical application
environmental application
use of biological processes to solve probs
improve food, inc. crop yield, animal health, pest resistence
vaccines, diagnostics, pharmaceuticals
bioremediation(oil spills), prevent pollution, biofuel, droug…
biotech
use of biological processes to solve probs
agriculture application
improve food, inc. crop yield, animal health, pest resistence
Biotechnology and Genomics
Recombinant DNA
Restriction enzymes
DNA ligase
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Contains DNA from two or more different sources
cuts open vector DNA and foreign DNA
seals the two DNAs together
Used to quickly make many copies of DNA segment from small sa…
Recombinant DNA
Contains DNA from two or more different sources
Restriction enzymes
cuts open vector DNA and foreign DNA
42 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
What is the function of naturally occu…
Which of the following is mismatched?…
Place the following steps in cloning D…
The function of a vector in genetic en…
C. Restriction enzymes recognize and cleave DNA molecules tha…
B. polymerase chain reaction - process that separates DNA fra…
D. 3, 2, 4, 1, 5
B. introduce rDNA into a host cell.
What is the function of naturally occu…
C. Restriction enzymes recognize and cleave DNA molecules tha…
Which of the following is mismatched?…
B. polymerase chain reaction - process that separates DNA fra…
15 terms
Genomics and Biotechnology
Bioinformatics
Cloning
DNA ligase
Gel electrophoresis
Field of study that creates and maintains databases of biolog…
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
Enzyme that chemically links DNA fragments together
Process that involves using electric current to separate cert…
Bioinformatics
Field of study that creates and maintains databases of biolog…
Cloning
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
12 terms
biotechnology and genomics
gene cloning
gene therapy
transgenic organisms
vector
DNA cloning to make genes the same as one another
modified DNA in a human
modified DNA in another type of animal, plant, bacteria
small piece of DNA from host
gene cloning
DNA cloning to make genes the same as one another
gene therapy
modified DNA in a human
14 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
rDNA
vector
restriction enzyme
DNA ligase
can introduce rDNA into host cell by plasmid transfer, contai…
plasmid used to transfer genetic material into a cell
has "sticky ends", stops viral reproduction by cleaving viral…
seals DNA fragments into the gap created by the restriction e…
rDNA
can introduce rDNA into host cell by plasmid transfer, contai…
vector
plasmid used to transfer genetic material into a cell
13 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
3 Major Biotechnology Fields
Genetic Modification (GM)
Genetic Engineering (GE)
Modification of organisms , cells and their molecules for pra…
Agricultural, Medical, Environmental
Alter the genetic composition of domesticated plants and anim…
Intentional introduction of a new gene sequence to achieve a…
Biotechnology
Modification of organisms , cells and their molecules for pra…
3 Major Biotechnology Fields
Agricultural, Medical, Environmental
15 terms
Genomics and Biotechnology
Bioinformatics
Cloning
DNA ligase
Gel electrophoresis
Field of study that creates and maintains databases for biolo…
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
Enzyme that chemically links DNA fragments together
Process involves using electric current to separate certain b…
Bioinformatics
Field of study that creates and maintains databases for biolo…
Cloning
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
60 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
mammal
intron
cloning
gene cloning
-most complex organism that has been cloned... -steps of cloning…
-functions (in eukaryotes):... -regulate gene expression... -allo…
-asexual production of genetically identical copies of DNA, c…
-type of cloning through which copies of a functional unit of…
mammal
-most complex organism that has been cloned... -steps of cloning…
intron
-functions (in eukaryotes):... -regulate gene expression... -allo…
43 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
Cloning
Cloning has been proven by
Animal cloning can be done using nucle…
Process of cloning
The creation of an individual by asexual reproduction... The abi…
Plant cloning in which a root cell can divide to form an adul…
The nucleus of an egg cell or zygote is replaced with a nucle…
The nucleus is removed from an egg... A nucleus from a somatic c…
Cloning
The creation of an individual by asexual reproduction... The abi…
Cloning has been proven by
Plant cloning in which a root cell can divide to form an adul…
20 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
Cloning
Gene cloning
Recombinant DNA
Restriction enzyme
Identical copies of DNA
Production of many identical copies of the same gene
Contains DNA from two or more different sources
Cleaves DNA
Cloning
Identical copies of DNA
Gene cloning
Production of many identical copies of the same gene
16 terms
Biotechnology and genomics
Restriction enzyme
PCR
Gel electrophoresis
Short tandem repeat STR
Creates a gap in whocj a piece of forgein dna is placed
Used to creatw copies of a segment of dna quickly in a test t…
Used to seperate dna fragments according to their size
Uses short dna base sequences that occur several times
Restriction enzyme
Creates a gap in whocj a piece of forgein dna is placed
PCR
Used to creatw copies of a segment of dna quickly in a test t…
20 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
Cloning
Gene Therapy
Transgenic
The study and application of living organisms and processes t…
The production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells…
When genes are used to modify a human tissue
Organisms that have had their genes modified
Biotechnology
The study and application of living organisms and processes t…
Cloning
The production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells…
39 terms
Genomics & Biotechnology
genomics
transcriptomics
proteomics
metabolomics
a discipline in genetics that applies recombinant DNA, DNA se…
the study of the complete set of mRNA transcripts of an organ…
the study of the complete set of proteins/enzymes of an organ…
the study of the complete set of metabolites (intermediate pr…
genomics
a discipline in genetics that applies recombinant DNA, DNA se…
transcriptomics
the study of the complete set of mRNA transcripts of an organ…
15 terms
Genomics and Biotechnology
Bioinformatics
Cloning
DNA ligase
Gel electrophoresis
Field of study that creates and maintains databases of biolog…
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
Enzyme that chemically links DNA fragments together
Process that involves using electric currents to separate cer…
Bioinformatics
Field of study that creates and maintains databases of biolog…
Cloning
Process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
19 terms
Biotechnology + Genomics
DNA cloning
Gene therapy
Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
Plasmid
purpose: to produce many identical copies of the same gene
correction of a harmful mutation by the insertion of DNA sequ…
DNA that contains genes from more than one source ( 2 dif. sp…
extra chromosomal ring of accessory DNA in the cytoplasm of p…
DNA cloning
purpose: to produce many identical copies of the same gene
Gene therapy
correction of a harmful mutation by the insertion of DNA sequ…
13 terms
Biotechnology & Genomics
DNA Fingerprint
Gel Electrophoresis
Human Genome
Genetic
Unique band of DNA fragments
A machine that separated pieces of DNA based on (the number o…
Collaborative effort among scientists around the world to map…
When an individual can be tested for the presence of a gene t…
DNA Fingerprint
Unique band of DNA fragments
Gel Electrophoresis
A machine that separated pieces of DNA based on (the number o…
22 terms
biotechnology and genomics
modification of organisms, cells, and…
3 major applications of biotechnolgy
an organism in which the genetic mater…
-have not differentiated and have the…
biotechnology
1. agricultural - improve food quality/nutrition, increase cr…
GMO- genetically modified organism
stem cells
modification of organisms, cells, and…
biotechnology
3 major applications of biotechnolgy
1. agricultural - improve food quality/nutrition, increase cr…
29 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
gene therapy
transgenic organisms
Recombinant DNA
Polymerase chain reaction
The intentional insertion, alteration, or deletion of genes w…
organism that contains genes from other organisms
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
A method of producing thousands of copies of DNA segment usin…
gene therapy
The intentional insertion, alteration, or deletion of genes w…
transgenic organisms
organism that contains genes from other organisms
26 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
Three major applications of biotechnol…
Agricultural
Medical
the modification of organisms, cells and their molecules for…
1. Agricultural... 2. Medical... 3. Environmental
Improve food, increase crop yield, animal health
Vaccines, diagnostics, pharmaceuticals
Biotechnology
the modification of organisms, cells and their molecules for…
Three major applications of biotechnol…
1. Agricultural... 2. Medical... 3. Environmental
Biotechnology & Genomics
Cloning
Vector
Sequencing
plasmid
process of producing similar populations of genetically ident…
provides a way of getting cells to make many copies of a DNA…
determining the precise order of subunits in a macromolecule
small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated…
Cloning
process of producing similar populations of genetically ident…
Vector
provides a way of getting cells to make many copies of a DNA…
22 terms
Chapter 14: Biotechnology and Genomics
bioinformatics
biotechnology products
cloning
comparative genomics
Computer technologies used to study the genome.
Commercial or agricultural products that are made with or ... de…
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
Study of genomes through the direct comparison of their genes…
bioinformatics
Computer technologies used to study the genome.
biotechnology products
Commercial or agricultural products that are made with or ... de…
6 terms
Chapter 12 - Biotechnology and Genomics
embryonic stem cells
adult stem cells
recombinant DNA technology
polymerase chain reaction
they have to opportunity to develop into any type of cell
cells are already specialized and cannot be changed into anot…
marrying DNA from 2 different sources
produces multiple copies of a segment of DNA, which then can…
embryonic stem cells
they have to opportunity to develop into any type of cell
adult stem cells
cells are already specialized and cannot be changed into anot…
90 terms
Chapter 14 Biotechnology and Genomics
Animals can be cloned using surrogate…
genes that code for proteins that stim…
Dolly the sheep
Gene cloning
The desired end of reproductive cloning is an individual that…
proto oncogenes
A cloned Dorset sheep, Dolly, was born in March 1997... The nece…
is done to produce many identical copies of the same gene.
Animals can be cloned using surrogate…
The desired end of reproductive cloning is an individual that…
genes that code for proteins that stim…
proto oncogenes
52 terms
Chapter 14 Biotechnology & Genomics
Cloning
Gene Cloning
Gene Therapy
Transgenic Organism
- the production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cell…
- DNA cloning can be done to produce many identical copies of…
- when cloned genes are used to modify a human... - accepted the…
- frequently used today to produce a product desired by humans
Cloning
- the production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cell…
Gene Cloning
- DNA cloning can be done to produce many identical copies of…
22 terms
Chapter 12: Biotechnology and Genomics
biotechnology
genetic engineering
transgenic organism
recombinant DNA (rDNA)
genetic engineering and other techniques that make use of nat…
alteration of genomes for medical or industrial purposes
in the environment, free-living organism that has had a forei…
DNA that contains genes from more than one source
biotechnology
genetic engineering and other techniques that make use of nat…
genetic engineering
alteration of genomes for medical or industrial purposes
85 terms
Chapter 17: Biotechnology and Genomics
Antibiotic resistance
Biotechnology
Cellular Cloning
Foreign DNA
Ability of an organism to be unaffected by the actions of an…
Use of biological agents for technological advancement
Production of identical cell populations by binary fission
DNA that belongs to a different species or DNA that is artifi…
Antibiotic resistance
Ability of an organism to be unaffected by the actions of an…
Biotechnology
Use of biological agents for technological advancement
21 terms
Chapter 14 Biotechnology and Genomics
bioinformatics
biotechnology products
cloning
comparative genomics
area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
commercial or agricultural products that are made with or der…
production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
study of geneomes through the direct comparison of their gene…
bioinformatics
area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
biotechnology products
commercial or agricultural products that are made with or der…
28 terms
Unit 3: Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Transgenic Organism
Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
This Refers to the use of natural biological systems to creat…
Cloning genes and using them for various purposes
A cloned gene can be inserted into the genome of an organism
Contains DNA from 2 or more different sources
Biotechnology
This Refers to the use of natural biological systems to creat…
Genetic Engineering
Cloning genes and using them for various purposes
32 terms
Chapter 14. Biotechnology and Genomics
bioinformatics
biotechnology products
cloning
comparative genomics
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
Commercial or agricultural products that are made with or der…
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
Study of genomes through the direct comparison of their genes…
bioinformatics
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
biotechnology products
Commercial or agricultural products that are made with or der…
29 terms
Chapter 14: Biotechnology and Genomics
cloning
gene cloning
gene therapy
transgenic organisms
the production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells…
DNA cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene
condition of a detrimental mutation by the insertion of DNA s…
an organism whose genome has been altered by the insertion of…
cloning
the production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells…
gene cloning
DNA cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene
Chapter 14. Biotechnology and Genomics
bioinformatics
cloning
comparative genomics
DNA ligase
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
Study of genomes through the direct comparison of their genes…
Enzyme that links DNA fragments; used during production of re…
bioinformatics
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
cloning
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
37 terms
Chapter 14 Biotechnology and Genomics
cloning
gene cloning
gene therapy
transgenic organisms
production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells, or…
cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene
when genes are used to modify a human; usually for the purpos…
GMO organisms that have had genes inserted that come from a d…
cloning
production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells, or…
gene cloning
cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene
69 terms
Chapter 17: Biotechnology and Genomics
antibiotic resistance
biomarker
biotechnology
cDNA library
ability of an organism to be unaffected by the actions of an…
individual protein that is uniquely produced in a diseased st…
use of biological agents for technological advancement
collection of cloned cDNA sequences
antibiotic resistance
ability of an organism to be unaffected by the actions of an…
biomarker
individual protein that is uniquely produced in a diseased st…
75 terms
Ch 26 - Biotechnology and Genomics
What structure is used to seal the DNA…
Which technique is used to create bill…
________ uses an electrical field to s…
The purpose of PCR is to create
DNA ligase
polymerase chain reaction
Gel electrophoresis
billions of copies of a segment of DNA.
What structure is used to seal the DNA…
DNA ligase
Which technique is used to create bill…
polymerase chain reaction
18 terms
Lesson 12: Biotechnology and Genomics
biotechnology
DNA cloning
gene therapy
transgenic organisms
the means by which diseases ultimately might be conquered, an…
producing many identical copies of a segment of the DNA molec…
humans
non-humans
biotechnology
the means by which diseases ultimately might be conquered, an…
DNA cloning
producing many identical copies of a segment of the DNA molec…
26 terms
Chapter 14 - Biotechnology and Genomics
Cloning
Gene cloning
Gene therapy recombinant DNA (rDNA)
Vectors
...
...
...
Plasmids, viruses
Cloning
...
Gene cloning
...
Chapter 12 Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Cloned Genes
Recombinant DNA
Use of natural biological systems to create product achieve s…
Cloned genes can be inserted into organism.
Making identical copies in bacteria, plant,animal.
Contains DNA from 2 or more different organisms.
Biotechnology
Use of natural biological systems to create product achieve s…
Genetic Engineering
Cloned genes can be inserted into organism.
19 terms
13. Biotechnology and Genomics
recombinant DNA
vector
Plasmid
Restriction enzyme
single DNA molecule from 2 different sources
introduces DNA into host
small accessory rings of DNA from bacteria, common vectors
cleaves DNA
recombinant DNA
single DNA molecule from 2 different sources
vector
introduces DNA into host
32 terms
Chapter 12: Biotechnology and Genomics
biotechnology
genetic engineering
transgenic organism
recombinant DNA (rDNA)
genetic engineering and other techniques that make use of nat…
alteration of genomes for medical or industrial purposes
in the environment, free-living organism that has had a forei…
DNA that contains genes from more than one source
biotechnology
genetic engineering and other techniques that make use of nat…
genetic engineering
alteration of genomes for medical or industrial purposes
23 terms
Chapter 26: Biotechnology and Genomics
Genome
Genetic Engineering
Gene Cloning
Cloning
The complete genetic makeup of an organism
Human-induced changes in the genome of an organism, often per…
The production of many identical copies of a single gene
The production of identical copies of an organism through som…
Genome
The complete genetic makeup of an organism
Genetic Engineering
Human-induced changes in the genome of an organism, often per…
32 terms
Chapter 14 Biotechnology and Genomics
Bioinformatics
Biotechnology Products
Cloning
Comparitive Genomics
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
Commercial or agricultural products that are made with or der…
Production of identical copies. Involves the production of ma…
Study of genomes through the direct comparison of their genes…
Bioinformatics
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
Biotechnology Products
Commercial or agricultural products that are made with or der…
9 terms
Ch 14 Biotechnology and Genomics
cloning
genetic engineering (biotechnology)
restriction enzymes
ligase
is the production of identical copies of DNA, cells, or oragn…
...
cuts DNA at specific sequences to make sticky over hangs
Seals the foreign gene into the vector DNA
cloning
is the production of identical copies of DNA, cells, or oragn…
genetic engineering (biotechnology)
...
13 terms
Ch. 14 Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
Restriction Enzymes
Plasmid
The use of microbiology and biochemical techniques to solve p…
Genetic engineering which involves moving genes from one orga…
Leave "Sticky Ends" on the DNA
A vector (carrier of DNA
Biotechnology
The use of microbiology and biochemical techniques to solve p…
Recombinant DNA
Genetic engineering which involves moving genes from one orga…
22 terms
Chapter 12 Biotechnology and Genomics
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Transgenic organism
Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
Genetic engineering and other techniques that make use of nat…
Alteration of genomes for medical industrial purposes
In the environment, free-living organism that has had a forei…
DNA that contains genes from more than one source
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering and other techniques that make use of nat…
Genetic engineering
Alteration of genomes for medical industrial purposes
45 terms
Chapter 14: Biotechnology and Genomics
Cloning
Gene cloning
Gene therapy
Transgenic organisms
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
DNA cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene.
Correction of a detrimental mutation by the insertion of DNA…
An organism whose genome has been altered by the insertion of…
Cloning
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
Gene cloning
DNA cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene.
42 terms
Chapter 17 Biotechnology and Genomics
recombinant DNA
genetic engineering
biotechnology
lysis buffer
nucleotide sequences from two different sources, often two sp…
the direct manipulation of genes
manipulation of organisms or their genetic components to make…
breaks down cells for DNA extraction
recombinant DNA
nucleotide sequences from two different sources, often two sp…
genetic engineering
the direct manipulation of genes
12 terms
Ch 26--Biotechnology and Genomics
Genome
Human genome project
Gene cloning
Genetic engineering
The complete genetic make-up of an organism
A 13 year effort in genomics to learn the complete genetic ma…
Many identical copies of the same gene are made.
Scientists participating in gene cloning because scientists m…
Genome
The complete genetic make-up of an organism
Human genome project
A 13 year effort in genomics to learn the complete genetic ma…
27 terms
Biotechnology and Genomics (Chapter 14)
Cloning
Gene therapy
Transgenic organism
Vector
The production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells,…
When cloned genes are used to modify a human.
An organism that has been modified using cloned genes.
The plasmid into which DNA is introduced.
Cloning
The production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells,…
Gene therapy
When cloned genes are used to modify a human.
62 terms
Chapter 16: Biotechnology and Genomics
cloning
DNA cloning can be done to...
gene cloning
Purpose of gene cloning
the production of identical copies through some asexual means
produce many identical copies of the same gene
process in which a gene of interest is located and copied (cl…
-To compare normal genes with mutated genes... -For gene therapy…
cloning
the production of identical copies through some asexual means
DNA cloning can be done to...
produce many identical copies of the same gene
1 of 10