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Study sets matching "biotechnology"

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Study sets matching "biotechnology"

11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
22 terms
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
fragments
Ligase
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
pieces
enzymes (proteins) that put DNA back together (rejoins)
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
Restriction Enzyme
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
fragments
pieces
12 terms
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Band
Heredity and environment
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces)
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
a line of DNA in the gel
traits are inherited in DNA, but can be expressed differently…
Restriction Enzyme
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces)
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
14 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Recombinant DNA process in which the DNA is manipulated by ad…
DNA banding patterns are separated by size and charge.
Biotechnology
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genetic Engineering
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
116 terms
Biotechnology
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipids
Cholesterol
Lipid Bilayer
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; a minor pa…
Double-layered sheet that forms the core of all cell membrane…
Plasma Membrane
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
Phospholipids
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
15 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Recombinant DNA process in which the DNA is manipulated by ad…
DNA banding patterns are separated by size and charge.
Biotechnology
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genetic Engineering
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
12 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Plasmid
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
The enzyme used to cut DNA into fragments
Bacterial DNA
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
10 terms
BIOTECHNOLOGY
DNA
genome
biotechnology
bioremediation
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a complex molecule containing the gene…
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (li…
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a complex molecule containing the gene…
genome
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
13 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
log phase
lag phase
stationary phase
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
The period of exponential growth of bacterial population.
"flat" period of adjustment, enlargement; little growth
The phase of the bacterial growth curve in which the rate of…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
log phase
The period of exponential growth of bacterial population.
40 terms
Biotechnology
Human genome project
Linkage map
Identify and treat disease/disorders
Genetic engineering
Project that determined the exact sequence of all of the base…
shows the exact location of genes on a chromosome
What is the ultimate goal of the human genome project (after…
(AKA recombinant DNA technology) - modifying the genes of an…
Human genome project
Project that determined the exact sequence of all of the base…
Linkage map
shows the exact location of genes on a chromosome
15 terms
Biotechnology
Human Genome
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
This project mapped out the DNA sequences for every gene in a…
Who are the only two people that will have the same DNA finge…
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
What are some common sources to obtain DNA?(4)
Human Genome
This project mapped out the DNA sequences for every gene in a…
Identical Twins
Who are the only two people that will have the same DNA finge…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Bioengineering
Recombinant DNA
DNA fingerprinting
GEL electrophoresis
altering DNA to enhance or improve an organisms. OR altering…
The process of taking the gene for one organism and putting t…
The process used to identify an organism or to see how closel…
the process used to obtain an organism's DNA using restrictio…
Bioengineering
altering DNA to enhance or improve an organisms. OR altering…
Recombinant DNA
The process of taking the gene for one organism and putting t…
10 terms
Biotechnology
biotechnology
ethics
bioremediation
cloning
the use of living things to make them items that will benefit…
moral beliefs
using plants for decontamination
making an exact copy of a living organism
biotechnology
the use of living things to make them items that will benefit…
ethics
moral beliefs
167 terms
Biotechnology
How to read DNA molecules? And where t…
Types of DNA?
Plasmid DNA
Steps in Extracting an Purifying nucle…
5' to 3'... Complementary Strand
Genomic, Mitochondrial and Chloroplast, Plasmids, PCR product…
extrachromosomal (or episomal) circular piece of DNA that sel…
1. Lyse cell membrane... 2. Separate DNA from proteins concentra…
How to read DNA molecules? And where t…
5' to 3'... Complementary Strand
Types of DNA?
Genomic, Mitochondrial and Chloroplast, Plasmids, PCR product…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
12 terms
Biotechnology
DNA fingerprinting
Karyotyping
Gel electrophoresis
Human Genome
The use of a DNA probe for the identification of an individua…
A chart of metaphase chromosome pairs arranged according to l…
A technique for separating protein molecules of varying sizes…
A map of the approximately 80,000 genes on 46 human chromosom…
DNA fingerprinting
The use of a DNA probe for the identification of an individua…
Karyotyping
A chart of metaphase chromosome pairs arranged according to l…
31 terms
Biotechnology
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
Nitrogen bases
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
Some common sources to obtain DNA
A DNA band size (large or small) is based on the amount of ni…
Identical Twins
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Restriction Enzymes
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
20 terms
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Size
Band
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
determines where the DNA ends up in a gel - smaller pieces go…
a line of DNA in the gel
Restriction Enzyme
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
31 terms
Biotechnology
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
Nitrogen bases
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
Some common sources to obtain DNA
A DNA band size (large or small) is based on the amount of ni…
Identical Twins
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Restriction Enzymes
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
Biotechnology
Amino acid
Bioinformatics
Bioprocessing
Cell
The building blocks of a protein molecule. A protein is compo…
The use of computers and information technology to gain a new…
The use of living organisms to process materials, break them…
Basic unit of life
Amino acid
The building blocks of a protein molecule. A protein is compo…
Bioinformatics
The use of computers and information technology to gain a new…
12 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Environmental contamination
Genetics
DNA
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
*"a substance that is either present in an environment where…
The scientific study of heredity
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Environmental contamination
*"a substance that is either present in an environment where…
38 terms
Biotechnology
DNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long, double stranded, molecule whic…
Ribonucleic acid; a single stranded molecule, used by some si…
Messenger RNA; a single strand of RNA coded for by the DNA, w…
Transfer RNA; a single strand of RNA folded into a clover lea…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long, double stranded, molecule whic…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid; a single stranded molecule, used by some si…
27 terms
Biotechnology
DNA
Biotechnology
Selective breeding
Fermentation
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long, double stranded, molecule whic…
Any technological application that uses biological system or…
The selection and cross breeding of parents which show desira…
The use of bacteria and fungi to produce food products such a…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long, double stranded, molecule whic…
Biotechnology
Any technological application that uses biological system or…
18 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Biotechnology
biotechnology
Selective Breeding
polyploidy
enzymology
the manipulation of natural resources for the benefits of hum…
sample animals with important/ beneficial features are chosen…
An organism with multiple sets of chromosomes
It is the specific branch of biochemistry dealing with the ch…
biotechnology
the manipulation of natural resources for the benefits of hum…
Selective Breeding
sample animals with important/ beneficial features are chosen…
31 terms
Biotechnology
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
Nitrogen bases
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
Some common sources to obtain DNA
A DNA band size (large or small) is based on the amount of ni…
Identical Twins
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Restriction Enzymes
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Cloning
Genetic Modified Organisms
Genome
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
An organism that has had its genetic material altered making…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Cloning
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
15 terms
Biotechnology
Bt crop
DNA fingerprint
Gene therapy
Inbreeding
Transgenic food crops that have the Bt toxin gene inserted in…
A person's unique sequence of DNA that can be used to identif…
The insertion of healthy genes into an individual's cells and…
Organisms with similar traits are bred to retain the traits.
Bt crop
Transgenic food crops that have the Bt toxin gene inserted in…
DNA fingerprint
A person's unique sequence of DNA that can be used to identif…
11 terms
Biotechnology
genetic engineering
plasmid
DNA fingerprinting
gene sequencing
changing an organism's DNA to give the organism new traits
closed loops of DNA found in bacteria
used to identify organisms by analyzing DNA
determining the order of DNA nucleotides in genes
genetic engineering
changing an organism's DNA to give the organism new traits
plasmid
closed loops of DNA found in bacteria
36 terms
Biotechnology
DNA Amplification
DNA profiling
Endonucleases
Gel electrophoresis
The production of multiple copies of a sequence of DNA. Repea…
is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in t…
enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucl…
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
DNA Amplification
The production of multiple copies of a sequence of DNA. Repea…
DNA profiling
is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in t…
12 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
15 terms
Biotechnology
Human Genome
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
This project mapped out the DNA sequences for every gene in a…
Who are the only two people that will have the same DNA finge…
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
What are some common sources to obtain DNA?(4)
Human Genome
This project mapped out the DNA sequences for every gene in a…
Identical Twins
Who are the only two people that will have the same DNA finge…
10 terms
BIOTECHNOLOGY
DNA
genome
biotechnology
bioremediation
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a complex molecule containing the gene…
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (li…
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a complex molecule containing the gene…
genome
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
116 terms
Biotechnology
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipids
Cholesterol
Lipid Bilayer
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; a minor pa…
Double-layered sheet that forms the core of all cell membrane…
Plasma Membrane
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
Phospholipids
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
19 terms
Biotechnology
the manipulation of DNA
restriction enzymes
Negative (due to negative phosphate gr…
to separate mixtures (DNA pieces) acco…
Define biotechnology
What cuts DNA?
What is the overall charge of DNA?
What is the purpose of electrophoresis?
the manipulation of DNA
Define biotechnology
restriction enzymes
What cuts DNA?
78 terms
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
Gene Cloning
process of manipulating genes and genomes
-process of manipulating organisms or their components for th…
-DNA that has been artificially made, using DNA from differen…
process by which scientists can produce multiple copies of sp…
Genetic Engineering
process of manipulating genes and genomes
Biotechnology
-process of manipulating organisms or their components for th…
14 terms
Biotechnology
Agriculture
Biotechnology
DNA Testing
Human Insulin
The art and science of producing food from the land and tendi…
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Identification by looking at the genetic material; includes t…
Therapy for diabetes; better tolerated than insulin extracted…
Agriculture
The art and science of producing food from the land and tendi…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
Restriction Enzyme
Clone
Transgenic Organism
One DNA molecule made up of DNA from 2 different sources
Also called restriction endonuclease - cleaves DNA at a parti…
Genetically identical
An organism with transformed DNA from another organism
Recombinant DNA
One DNA molecule made up of DNA from 2 different sources
Restriction Enzyme
Also called restriction endonuclease - cleaves DNA at a parti…
12 terms
biotechnology
biotechnology
genetic engineering
biotechnology tools
transgenic
using living things or parts of living things to produce a pr…
using biotechnology to change the genetic makeup of an organism
cells, DNA, proteins
organisms that have DNA from a different species artificially…
biotechnology
using living things or parts of living things to produce a pr…
genetic engineering
using biotechnology to change the genetic makeup of an organism
13 terms
biotechnology
selective breeding
biotechnology
DNA fingerprinting
cloning
choosing which organisms to mate in order to gain certain tra…
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
each individual has their own, it is the special sequence of…
produces an organism that is an exact copy of another
selective breeding
choosing which organisms to mate in order to gain certain tra…
biotechnology
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
23 terms
Biotechnology
DNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long, double stranded, molecule whic…
Ribonucleic acid; a single stranded molecule, used by some si…
Messenger RNA; a single strand of RNA coded for by the DNA, w…
Transfer RNA; a single strand of RNA folded into a clover lea…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long, double stranded, molecule whic…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid; a single stranded molecule, used by some si…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Ethics
Vaccine
Ethanol
Food Science
whether something is right or wrong
Given to someone as a way to build active immunity, used to p…
corn derived substance used in gasoline to make it better for…
the study of the physical, chemical, and biological makeup of…
Ethics
whether something is right or wrong
Vaccine
Given to someone as a way to build active immunity, used to p…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Cloning
Genetic Modification
GMO
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to p…
Making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an entire or…
Changing the DNA sequence to alter protein synthesis
Genetically Modified Organism
Biotechnology
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to p…
Cloning
Making a genetically identical copy of DNA or of an entire or…
25 terms
Biotechnology
Endonucleases
Gel electrophoresis
Gene cloning
Ligation
enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucl…
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
production of multiple copies of a single gene
A reaction to link two separate DNA molecules via the formati…
Endonucleases
enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucl…
Gel electrophoresis
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
9 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
10 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Using living organisms, their tissues, genes, or cells, to so…
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Recombinant DNA process in which the DNA is manipulated by ad…
DNA banding patterns are separated by size and charge.
Biotechnology
Using living organisms, their tissues, genes, or cells, to so…
Genetic Engineering
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
24 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
32 terms
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
Restriction Site
Sticky Ends
Blunt Ends
Enzymes that 'cut' DNA at particular places.
The place where restriction enzymes 'cut' DNA.
When a restriction enzyme 'cut' DNA and leave overhanging end…
When a restriction enzyme 'cut' DNA and leave no overhanging…
Restriction Enzyme
Enzymes that 'cut' DNA at particular places.
Restriction Site
The place where restriction enzymes 'cut' DNA.
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