Study sets matching "biotechnology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biotechnology"

11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
22 terms
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
fragments
Ligase
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
pieces
enzymes (proteins) that put DNA back together (rejoins)
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
Restriction Enzyme
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
fragments
pieces
31 terms
Biotechnology
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
Nitrogen bases
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
Some common sources to obtain DNA
A DNA band size (large or small) is based on the amount of ni…
Identical Twins
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Restriction Enzymes
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
biotechnology
restriction enzymes (endonuclease)
sticky end
blunt end
plasmid
protein that cuts DNA in a palindrome sequence at a specific…
uneven enzyme cut on DNA strand that produces exposed nucleot…
straight enzyme cut on DNA strand that produces no exposed nu…
circular section of bacterial DNA
restriction enzymes (endonuclease)
protein that cuts DNA in a palindrome sequence at a specific…
sticky end
uneven enzyme cut on DNA strand that produces exposed nucleot…
12 terms
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Band
Heredity and environment
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces)
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
a line of DNA in the gel
traits are inherited in DNA, but can be expressed differently…
Restriction Enzyme
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces)
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
40 terms
Biotechnology
Human genome project
Linkage map
Identify and treat disease/disorders
Genetic engineering
Project that determined the exact sequence of all of the base…
shows the exact location of genes on a chromosome
What is the ultimate goal of the human genome project (after…
(AKA recombinant DNA technology) - modifying the genes of an…
Human genome project
Project that determined the exact sequence of all of the base…
Linkage map
shows the exact location of genes on a chromosome
14 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Recombinant DNA process in which the DNA is manipulated by ad…
DNA banding patterns are separated by size and charge.
Biotechnology
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genetic Engineering
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
116 terms
Biotechnology
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipids
Cholesterol
Lipid Bilayer
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; a minor pa…
Double-layered sheet that forms the core of all cell membrane…
Plasma Membrane
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
Phospholipids
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
31 terms
Biotechnology
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
Nitrogen bases
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
Some common sources to obtain DNA
A DNA band size (large or small) is based on the amount of ni…
Identical Twins
The only two people that will have the same DNA fingerprint
Restriction Enzymes
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
6 terms
Biotechnology
Genetic Modification (GM)
Cloning
Biotechnology
Gene
Also known as genetic engineering. Process of manipulating ge…
The process of producing an exact copies of a biological unit…
The use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to man…
The basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Are made…
Genetic Modification (GM)
Also known as genetic engineering. Process of manipulating ge…
Cloning
The process of producing an exact copies of a biological unit…
12 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Plasmid
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
The enzyme used to cut DNA into fragments
Bacterial DNA
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
10 terms
BIOTECHNOLOGY
DNA
genome
biotechnology
bioremediation
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a complex molecule containing the gene…
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (li…
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a complex molecule containing the gene…
genome
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
15 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Recombinant DNA process in which the DNA is manipulated by ad…
DNA banding patterns are separated by size and charge.
Biotechnology
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genetic Engineering
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
15 terms
Biotechnology
Human Genome
Identical Twins
Restriction Enzymes
Blood, semen, saliva, tissue
This project mapped out the DNA sequences for every gene in a…
Who are the only two people that will have the same DNA finge…
Proteins responsible for cutting DNA into fragments.
What are some common sources to obtain DNA?(4)
Human Genome
This project mapped out the DNA sequences for every gene in a…
Identical Twins
Who are the only two people that will have the same DNA finge…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Bioengineering
Recombinant DNA
DNA fingerprinting
GEL electrophoresis
altering DNA to enhance or improve an organisms. OR altering…
The process of taking the gene for one organism and putting t…
The process used to identify an organism or to see how closel…
the process used to obtain an organism's DNA using restrictio…
Bioengineering
altering DNA to enhance or improve an organisms. OR altering…
Recombinant DNA
The process of taking the gene for one organism and putting t…
10 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Gel Electrophoresis
Restriction Enzyme
Genetic Engineering
Compares DNA to determine relationship between individuals ... G…
A method of separating DNA ... Uses restriction enzymes and elec…
Enzymes used to cut DNA into smaller fragments
Technique used to alter traits
Biotechnology
Compares DNA to determine relationship between individuals ... G…
Gel Electrophoresis
A method of separating DNA ... Uses restriction enzymes and elec…
144 terms
Biotechnology
Product Classification
Biotechnology
Criteria for living organisms
Effect of organelles
1. degrade unwanted molecules (wastewater)... 2. useful products…
tools and methods that take advantage of biological systems t…
Replication, catalysis, mutability
replication takes longer, must transport molecules in and out…
Product Classification
1. degrade unwanted molecules (wastewater)... 2. useful products…
Biotechnology
tools and methods that take advantage of biological systems t…
Biotechnology
biotechnology
ethics
bioremediation
cloning
the use of living things to make them items that will benefit…
moral beliefs
using plants for decontamination
making an exact copy of a living organism
biotechnology
the use of living things to make them items that will benefit…
ethics
moral beliefs
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Environmental contamination
Genetics
DNA
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
*"a substance that is either present in an environment where…
The scientific study of heredity
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Environmental contamination
*"a substance that is either present in an environment where…
36 terms
Biotechnology
DNA Amplification
DNA profiling
Endonucleases
Gel electrophoresis
The production of multiple copies of a sequence of DNA. Repea…
is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in t…
enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucl…
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
DNA Amplification
The production of multiple copies of a sequence of DNA. Repea…
DNA profiling
is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in t…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
log phase
lag phase
stationary phase
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
The period of exponential growth of bacterial population.
"flat" period of adjustment, enlargement; little growth
The phase of the bacterial growth curve in which the rate of…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
log phase
The period of exponential growth of bacterial population.
116 terms
Biotechnology
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipids
Cholesterol
Lipid Bilayer
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; a minor pa…
Double-layered sheet that forms the core of all cell membrane…
Plasma Membrane
A thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell
Phospholipids
A molecule that is a constituent of the inner bilayer of biol…
Biotechnology
Bt crop
DNA fingerprint
Gene therapy
Inbreeding
Transgenic food crops that have the Bt toxin gene inserted in…
A person's unique sequence of DNA that can be used to identif…
The insertion of healthy genes into an individual's cells and…
Organisms with similar traits are bred to retain the traits.
Bt crop
Transgenic food crops that have the Bt toxin gene inserted in…
DNA fingerprint
A person's unique sequence of DNA that can be used to identif…
17 terms
Biotechnology
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
bioinformatics
genomics
enzyme that cuts DNA at a sequence of nucleotides
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
application of mathematics and computer science to store, ret…
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA at a sequence of nucleotides
gel electrophoresis
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
7 terms
Biotechnology
Bioremediation
Biotechnology
Genetically modified
Stem Cell
industrial use of living organisms or pets of living organism…
the use of living organisms to solve problems and bak useful…
using biotechnology to change the genetic makeup of an organism
biological cells found in all multi-cellular organisms that c…
Bioremediation
industrial use of living organisms or pets of living organism…
Biotechnology
the use of living organisms to solve problems and bak useful…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
Restriction Enzyme
Clone
Transgenic Organism
One DNA molecule made up of DNA from 2 different sources
Also called restriction endonuclease - cleaves DNA at a parti…
Genetically identical
An organism with transformed DNA from another organism
Recombinant DNA
One DNA molecule made up of DNA from 2 different sources
Restriction Enzyme
Also called restriction endonuclease - cleaves DNA at a parti…
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
Gene Cloning
process of manipulating genes and genomes
-process of manipulating organisms or their components for th…
-DNA that has been artificially made, using DNA from differen…
process by which scientists can produce multiple copies of sp…
Genetic Engineering
process of manipulating genes and genomes
Biotechnology
-process of manipulating organisms or their components for th…
12 terms
Biotechnology
Clone
DNA Fingerprinting
Gel Electrophoresis
Gene Map
Member of a population of genetically identical organisms pro…
Analysis of sections of DNA that have little or no known func…
Process that involves using electric current to separate cert…
Diagram showing the relative locations of each known gene on…
Clone
Member of a population of genetically identical organisms pro…
DNA Fingerprinting
Analysis of sections of DNA that have little or no known func…
13 terms
biotechnology
selective breeding
biotechnology
DNA fingerprinting
cloning
choosing which organisms to mate in order to gain certain tra…
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
each individual has their own, it is the special sequence of…
produces an organism that is an exact copy of another
selective breeding
choosing which organisms to mate in order to gain certain tra…
biotechnology
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
25 terms
Biotechnology
Endonucleases
Gel electrophoresis
Gene cloning
Ligation
enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucl…
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
production of multiple copies of a single gene
A reaction to link two separate DNA molecules via the formati…
Endonucleases
enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucl…
Gel electrophoresis
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
10 terms
Biotechnology
Gel Electrophoresis
Cloning
Genetically Modified Organism
Human Genome Project
a laboratory method used to separate mixtures of DNA, RNA, or…
a general term for the research activity that creates a copy…
an organism whose genome has been altered by the techniques o…
a global, long-term research effort to identify the estimated…
Gel Electrophoresis
a laboratory method used to separate mixtures of DNA, RNA, or…
Cloning
a general term for the research activity that creates a copy…
26 terms
Biotechnology
Primer
DNA Polymerase
taq Polymerase
Promoter Gene
A short piece of DNA or RNA, usually 15 to 35 bases long, whi…
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
A type of DNA polymerase that is commonly used in PCR due to…
Region where the RNA polymerase binds to begin transcription.
Primer
A short piece of DNA or RNA, usually 15 to 35 bases long, whi…
DNA Polymerase
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
14 terms
Biotechnology
Bt crop
DNA fingerprint
Gene therapy
Inbreeding
Transgenic food crops that have the Bt toxin gene inserted in…
A person's unique sequence of DNA that can be used to identif…
The insertion of healthy genes into an individual's cells and…
Organisms with similar traits are bred to retain the traits.
Bt crop
Transgenic food crops that have the Bt toxin gene inserted in…
DNA fingerprint
A person's unique sequence of DNA that can be used to identif…
10 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Biotechnology
DNA fingerprinting
Gel Electrophoresis
Genetic Engineering
Transgenic Organisms
Using DNA fragments to identify individuals in paternity case…
technique used to separate DNA according to size. DNA moves f…
A laboratory technique used by scientists to change the DNA o…
organism that contains genes from other organisms; Created fr…
DNA fingerprinting
Using DNA fragments to identify individuals in paternity case…
Gel Electrophoresis
technique used to separate DNA according to size. DNA moves f…
13 terms
Biotechnology
Gene therapy
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzymes
Recombinant DNA
process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or diso…
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
Enzyme that cuts DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
Gene therapy
process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or diso…
Genetic engineering
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
12 terms
Biotechnology
DNA fingerprinting
Karyotyping
Gel electrophoresis
Human Genome
The use of a DNA probe for the identification of an individua…
A chart of metaphase chromosome pairs arranged according to l…
A technique for separating protein molecules of varying sizes…
A map of the approximately 80,000 genes on 46 human chromosom…
DNA fingerprinting
The use of a DNA probe for the identification of an individua…
Karyotyping
A chart of metaphase chromosome pairs arranged according to l…
17 terms
Biotechnology
Process of cloning
most common vector to get healthy gene…
recombinant DNA
GMO stands for
viruses
the bringing together of genetic material from many source
genetically modified organisms
Process of cloning
most common vector to get healthy gene…
viruses
11 terms
Biotechnology
Hybridization
Genetic Engineering
Restriction Enzyme
Recombinant DNA
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms.
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides.
DNA created from different organisms.
Hybridization
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Genetic Engineering
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms.
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic Engineering
Gene Therapy
DNA Fingerprinting
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Recombinant DNA process in which the DNA is manipulated by ad…
DNA banding patterns are separated by size and charge.
Biotechnology
Techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.
Genetic Engineering
Genes are manipulated (changed or deleted) in an organism.
Biotechnology
bio
technology
biotechnology
resistance
life
improve
Using living things to improve something
when bacteria learn to fight against antibiotics
bio
life
technology
improve
17 terms
Biotechnology
virus
bacteria
protist
fungi
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
A single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus.
A kingdom of mostly one-celled eukaryotic organisms that are…
A eukaryotic organism that has cell walls, uses spores to rep…
virus
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
bacteria
A single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus.
Biotechnology
Restriction Enzyme
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Size
Band
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
determines where the DNA ends up in a gel - smaller pieces go…
a line of DNA in the gel
Restriction Enzyme
enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA into fragments (pieces), each…
Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Fingerprint
Process that separates fragments of DNA based on their size,…
45 terms
Biotechnology
Adult Stem Cells
Annealing Stage
Blastocyst
Cloning
Multipotent stem cells that are found in infants, children an…
Stage in which the PCR machine cools and primers attach to si…
Hollow ball of cells formed from a dividing embryo
Process of making a genetically identical cell or organism th…
Adult Stem Cells
Multipotent stem cells that are found in infants, children an…
Annealing Stage
Stage in which the PCR machine cools and primers attach to si…
11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme
Vector
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
Bacterial enzymes that cut the DNA at specific sites on the DNA
An agent used to carry a desired gene into another cell
Biotechnology
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
Genetic engineering
The altering the genetic material of cells or new organisms t…
11 terms
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Cloning
Genetic Modified Organisms
Genome
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
An organism that has had its genetic material altered making…
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organis…
Biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
Cloning
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copie…
Biotechnology
DNA
genome
biotechnology
bioremediation
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a molecule containing the genetic info…
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
the manipulation of living things to make useful products
treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (li…
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a molecule containing the genetic info…
genome
the complex sequence of an organisms's DNA
Biotechnology
Amino acid
Bioinformatics
Bioprocessing
Cell
The building blocks of a protein molecule. A protein is compo…
The use of computers and information technology to gain a new…
The use of living organisms to process materials, break them…
Basic unit of life
Amino acid
The building blocks of a protein molecule. A protein is compo…
Bioinformatics
The use of computers and information technology to gain a new…
1 of 10