How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "bisc 111"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "bisc 111"

19 terms
Chp 26- BISC 111
Hardy Weinberg
Genetic Drift
Gene flow
Mutations
Def: Allele frequencies remain constant in absence of influen…
Loss of variation... Founder- subset of population moves (Scanda…
-Movement/mixing of genes between populations... -homogenizes al…
-Point mutation= random, deleterious ... -Increase variability,…
Hardy Weinberg
Def: Allele frequencies remain constant in absence of influen…
Genetic Drift
Loss of variation... Founder- subset of population moves (Scanda…
10 terms
BISC 111 Final
gene
allele
phenotype
genotype
a unit of DNA that codes for the structure of a particular pr…
an allele is an alternative form or version of a gene
physical appearance or trait displayed by an individual
the combination of alleles in the individual that codes for t…
gene
a unit of DNA that codes for the structure of a particular pr…
allele
an allele is an alternative form or version of a gene
21 terms
BISC 111 Final
NPP
Net Primary Productivity
trophic levels
Gross Primary Productivity
Net Primary Productivity
Difference between the rate at which producers store energy a…
The hierarchical levels of the food chain through which energ…
Rate at which an ecosystem's producers capture and store an a…
NPP
Net Primary Productivity
Net Primary Productivity
Difference between the rate at which producers store energy a…
84 terms
BISC 111 Final
chemical composition
mode and speed of action
nephrons
filtration, secretion/reabsorption/con…
at the basic level, hormones differ from each other in this way
hormones differ from each other in their ability to pass thro…
these are the functional unit of the kidney
the primary processes in kidney function include these proces…
chemical composition
at the basic level, hormones differ from each other in this way
mode and speed of action
hormones differ from each other in their ability to pass thro…
8 terms
Chp 40- BISC 111
Transduction
Receptor Cells
Hormones
Phototropism
Take external info, relay to internal message in organism's b…
Release cell-to- cell chemical signal--> target responder cel…
Organic compound that binds to receptor site- easily amplifie…
1. Phototropin becomes activated when plant tips exposed to b…
Transduction
Take external info, relay to internal message in organism's b…
Receptor Cells
Release cell-to- cell chemical signal--> target responder cel…
23 terms
Chp 38- BISC 111
Turgor pressure
Water potential
Solute potential
Pressure potential
Keeps plasma membrane pushed against cell wall- water flows i…
High WP--> Low WP... Solute + Pressure potential ... Low WP= Salty…
Water moves from low solute--> high solute
Water moves from high pressure--> Low pressure
Turgor pressure
Keeps plasma membrane pushed against cell wall- water flows i…
Water potential
High WP--> Low WP... Solute + Pressure potential ... Low WP= Salty…
8 terms
Chp 31- BISC 111
Evolution
Plant importance to ecosystem
Plant importance to humans
Non vascular plants
Green plants... Land- evolved close to water... Vascular- move wate…
- 02 producers... - Base of food chain... - Organic matter... - Water…
- Agriculture... - Energy (biomass, coal)... - Material goods (cott…
- Low growing next to wet environments... - Ex moss
Evolution
Green plants... Land- evolved close to water... Vascular- move wate…
Plant importance to ecosystem
- 02 producers... - Base of food chain... - Organic matter... - Water…
12 terms
Chp 37- BISC 111
SA:V ratio
Indeterminate growth
Meristems
Phenotypic plasticity
High SA:V- high absorption, max c02, increased water loss (br…
Grow continuously- adaptable
Tips of roots + shoots... Undifferentiated- turn into leaves, fl…
- Plants change phenotype to adapt to environment... - Ex- Scots…
SA:V ratio
High SA:V- high absorption, max c02, increased water loss (br…
Indeterminate growth
Grow continuously- adaptable
13 terms
Chp 36- BISC 111
Virus on Tree of life
Virus cant...
Virus can
Discovery of virus
No position, no binomial nomenclature
- No biosynthetic machinery , metabolism... - Can't replicate DN…
- Evolve... - More abundant than AB, protist... - Ancient ... - Not ma…
1899... Series of filtration, find virus... currently- view through…
Virus on Tree of life
No position, no binomial nomenclature
Virus cant...
- No biosynthetic machinery , metabolism... - Can't replicate DN…
12 terms
Chapter 1- BISC 111
State of being alive
Theory
Cell theory
Evolution
Evolution, replication, genes, cells
Explanation for observations
Organisms made of cells, come from preexisting cells
Changes in heritable traits- acts on population
State of being alive
Evolution, replication, genes, cells
Theory
Explanation for observations
11 terms
BISC 111: Process of Digestion
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Stomach
Breaks down food mechanically by chewing and has enzymes that…
Secretes enzymes that break down carbohydrates and coat food…
Transports food
Site of mechanical and chemical processing (digests protein)
Mouth
Breaks down food mechanically by chewing and has enzymes that…
Salivary Glands
Secretes enzymes that break down carbohydrates and coat food…
15 terms
Chp 25- BISC 111
Plato + Theory of Forms
Aristotle + Great Chain of Being
Special Creation
Lamarck + his thoery
Perfect form of every organism exists- species are unchanging
Species fixed, hierarchy of organisms
Earth young- perfect form created by god
Climbing a ladder- towards better... Theory of acquired characte…
Plato + Theory of Forms
Perfect form of every organism exists- species are unchanging
Aristotle + Great Chain of Being
Species fixed, hierarchy of organisms
12 terms
Chp 41- BISC 111
Why care about plants?
Alt of Gen
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Economic (agriculture, medical)... Biological (co evolution w/ p…
-Switching from haploid gametophyte + diploid sporophyte ... - G…
-Take advantage of space around them... -Adv: pollination, repro…
Adv: reshuffle genes... Disadv: slow process, more resources, no…
Why care about plants?
Economic (agriculture, medical)... Biological (co evolution w/ p…
Alt of Gen
-Switching from haploid gametophyte + diploid sporophyte ... - G…
62 terms
BISC 111/113 Lab Practical
P wave
QRS complex
PR interval
T wave
the part of the EKG that indicates that the atria are contrac…
the part of the EKG that represents ventricular depolarizatio…
the part of the EKG that indicates the transit time for the e…
the part of the EKG representing ventricular repolarization
P wave
the part of the EKG that indicates that the atria are contrac…
QRS complex
the part of the EKG that represents ventricular depolarizatio…
119 terms
BISC 111 Exam 1
Genetic drift violates the H-W princip…
the () () is part of genetic drift, an…
the () () is a part of genetic drift,…
()/() violates the H-W principle that…
random allele changes
founder effect, habitat
genetic bottleneck, diversity
Immigration, emigration
Genetic drift violates the H-W princip…
random allele changes
the () () is part of genetic drift, an…
founder effect, habitat
136 terms
BISC 111 Exam II
All animals are (), derive energy from…
() have three germ layers.
() have two germ layers
The third germ layer that separates th…
eukaryotes, heterotrophs, move, muscle, nerve
triploblasts
diploblasts
mesoderm
All animals are (), derive energy from…
eukaryotes, heterotrophs, move, muscle, nerve
() have three germ layers.
triploblasts
101 terms
BISC 111 E2
mosses, liverworts, hornworts
ferns, lycophytes, horsetails
angiosperms, gymnosperms, gnetophytes
multicellular, haploid/diploid, geneti…
examples of non-vascular plants of "bryophytes"; possibly ear…
examples "seedless vascular plants"; middle step between earl…
examples of "seed plants"
homologous traits shared by all eukaryotes
mosses, liverworts, hornworts
examples of non-vascular plants of "bryophytes"; possibly ear…
ferns, lycophytes, horsetails
examples "seedless vascular plants"; middle step between earl…
85 terms
Lab Practical BISC 111
Cranial/Anterior
Caudal/Posterior
Dorsal
Ventral
Toward the head
Toward the tail
Toward the back/spine
Toward the belly
Cranial/Anterior
Toward the head
Caudal/Posterior
Toward the tail
12 terms
Chp 27+28- BISC 111
Speciation
Evolutionary divergence
Biological species concept
Reproductive isolation
Genetic isolation- gene flow stops... Notches in tree of life- i…
Accumulation of differences which leads to speciation
Species form through reproductive isolation... Adv: Reproductive…
Prezygotic isolation- prevents gametes from coming together (…
Speciation
Genetic isolation- gene flow stops... Notches in tree of life- i…
Evolutionary divergence
Accumulation of differences which leads to speciation
72 terms
BISC111 Lab Practical
Gall bladder
Stomach
esophagus
Small Intestine
Stores bile which helps w/ digestion of fats. Located below r…
Major site of protein digestion.
Tube dorsal (behind) the trachea that helps to move food to t…
Accepts semi-digested chyme from the stomach. Carbohydrates,…
Gall bladder
Stores bile which helps w/ digestion of fats. Located below r…
Stomach
Major site of protein digestion.
21 terms
BISC 111: What is life?
What are the 5 fundamental characteris…
Cell theory
Historical people who supported the ce…
Characteristics of a prokaryotic cell
1) Cells: all organisms have membrane-bound cells... 2) Energy p…
all organisms are made up of cells and all cells come from pr…
1) Hooke: observed cells using a crude microscope... --> Leeunwe…
1) Typically unicellular... 2) Typically smaller than eukaryotic…
What are the 5 fundamental characteris…
1) Cells: all organisms have membrane-bound cells... 2) Energy p…
Cell theory
all organisms are made up of cells and all cells come from pr…
56 terms
bisc 111 lab practical terms
cranial/anterior
caudal/posterior
dorsal
ventral
towards the head
toward the tail
toward the back/spine
toward the belly
cranial/anterior
towards the head
caudal/posterior
toward the tail
37 terms
Bisc 111 Lab Practical terms
liver
gall bladder
stomach
esophagus
large, dark organ that dominates the anterior abdomen. It is…
Where bile is stored. A sac located beneath the right central…
left side of the upper abdomen. Major site of protein digesti…
An easily compressible tube that lies immediately dorsal to t…
liver
large, dark organ that dominates the anterior abdomen. It is…
gall bladder
Where bile is stored. A sac located beneath the right central…
18 terms
Chp 29,30,32- BISC 111
Why study BA?
Prokaryotes
Bacteria
Bacteria essential to life
- Small genomes, easy to understand, but complex... - Microbial…
unicellular, no membrane bound nucleus/organelles
-unicellular, prokaryotes... - form sheets of biofilm... - motile (…
- Bioremediation ... - Oxygen revolution, started aerobic respir…
Why study BA?
- Small genomes, easy to understand, but complex... - Microbial…
Prokaryotes
unicellular, no membrane bound nucleus/organelles
12 terms
BISC 111: Hints from Bio teacher
Structural proteins
Storage proteins
Transport proteins
Auxin
1) Function: Supports... 2) Examples... a. Insects and spiders to m…
1) Function: Storage of amino acids ... 2) Examples:... a) Ovalbumi…
1) Functions: Transport of other substances... 2) Example: ... a. H…
Functions: ... a. Helps define long axis of body (phototropism a…
Structural proteins
1) Function: Supports... 2) Examples... a. Insects and spiders to m…
Storage proteins
1) Function: Storage of amino acids ... 2) Examples:... a) Ovalbumi…
45 terms
BISC 111 Exam 2 Study Set
Oviparity
viviparity
ovoviviparity
echinoderms
laying fertilized eggs
giving birth to live young
a combination of laying fertilized eggs and giving birth to l…
a group that has returned secondarily to radial symmetry, but…
Oviparity
laying fertilized eggs
viviparity
giving birth to live young
12 terms
Bisc 111 Lab Practical Urogenital System
Kidney
Ureters
Urinary bladder
Urethra
Urine production
Transports urine from kidneys to bladder
Urine storage
Exit for urine
Kidney
Urine production
Ureters
Transports urine from kidneys to bladder
46 terms
BISC 111 Lab Practical: Vertebrate Circulation and Respiration (Lab 8)
blood vessels
hemoglobin
lungs
gills
Blood moves through vessels, transporting oxygen via hemoglob…
pigment by which oxygen is transported
Large surface area, air comes in contact with blood allowing…
Large surface area, water comes in contact with blood allowin…
blood vessels
Blood moves through vessels, transporting oxygen via hemoglob…
hemoglobin
pigment by which oxygen is transported
14 terms
BISC Final: Animal Nervous Systems
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
Reflex Arc
Nerve
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nerv…
A relatively direct connection between a sensory neuron and a…
bundle or bundles of neuron fibers surrounded by connective t…
Sensory Neurons
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Motor Neurons
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nerv…
161 terms
BISC Exam III
() is the study of how organisms inter…
An important aspect of ecology is the…
The () is an abiotic element containin…
The () is an abiotic element containin…
ecology
distribution
lithosphere
atmosphere
() is the study of how organisms inter…
ecology
An important aspect of ecology is the…
distribution
56 terms
Bisc 101 Exam 4
Plasmid
Recombinant Plasmid
Type 1 Diabetes
FSH
optional, additional chromosome for bacteria
where the DNA fragments or genes are inserted into a plasmid
what kind of disease/conditions can be treated by the use of…
a protein deficient in some women with fertility problems
Plasmid
optional, additional chromosome for bacteria
Recombinant Plasmid
where the DNA fragments or genes are inserted into a plasmid
31 terms
fetal pig Reproductive Systems lab
Ureter
Right Ovary
Urinary Bladder
Urethra
A
B
C
D
Ureter
A
Right Ovary
B
38 terms
Gene Expression: From Gene to Protein
Central dogma
gene expression
transcription
messenger RNA
the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
the synthesis of RNA using a DNA template
a type of RNA, synthesized using a DNA template, that attache…
Central dogma
gene expression
the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
17 terms
Fetal Pig Organs
diaphragm
Liver
Gall Bladder
Stomach
diaphragm
Liver
16 terms
Meiosis
Meiosis
Interphase (Stage 1)
Prophase I (Stage 2)
Crossing over
Creates 4 haploid gamete cells from a diploid cell.
At this point the DNA is in its chromatin form and the DNA re…
The DNA starts to coil itself up into visible chromosomes. Th…
Homologous Chromosomes (matching chromosomes from mom and dad…
Meiosis
Creates 4 haploid gamete cells from a diploid cell.
Interphase (Stage 1)
At this point the DNA is in its chromatin form and the DNA re…
26 terms
DNA Replication
DNA Replication
Semi Conservative
helicase
DNA Polymerase
the process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
Each half of an original DNA molecule serves as a templete fo…
An enzyme that unwinds the double helix of DNA and separates…
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
DNA Replication
the process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
Semi Conservative
Each half of an original DNA molecule serves as a templete fo…
61 terms
Evolution Exam Review
Natural Selection
Artificial Selection
Vestigial Structures
4.6 Billion Years
Organisms with traits that are well suited to an environment…
When a breeder creates a new breed of dog by crossing two bre…
Structures found in the human body that no longer have a func…
The current geologic age of the Earth.
Natural Selection
Organisms with traits that are well suited to an environment…
Artificial Selection
When a breeder creates a new breed of dog by crossing two bre…
20 terms
Amino Acids
Alanine
Arginine
Aspargine
Aspartate
Alanine
Arginine
91 terms
Cell Biology- Campbell test 4; COMPLETE set {part 2}
CELL CYCLE:... The life of a cell is cal…
Eukaryotic cell division is generally…
How do prokaryotes divide? ... -By binary…
Does fission happen in Eukaryotic cell…
cell cycle
chromosomes
fission
mitochondria, chloroplast
CELL CYCLE:... The life of a cell is cal…
cell cycle
Eukaryotic cell division is generally…
chromosomes
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Practical exam 1
Lambdoidal suture
Sagittal suture
Squamosal suture
Coronal suture
Posterior side of the skull
Superior side of the skull
Lateral side of the skull
Anterior side of the skull
Lambdoidal suture
Posterior side of the skull
Sagittal suture
Superior side of the skull
14 terms
Fetal Pig Digestive System Picture Identification Quiz
Diaphragm (not really in digestive sys…
Small Intestine
Gall Bladder (1) Bile duct (2)
Spleen
(The white flap creating a section between the thoracic and a…
Diaphragm (not really in digestive sys…
(The white flap creating a section between the thoracic and a…
Small Intestine
33 terms
Sheep Brain Dissection (BIO 210)
dura mater
dura mater
cerebrum
cerebellum
Identify the covering.
Identify the covering.
Identify the major brain region.
Identify the major brain region.
dura mater
Identify the covering.
dura mater
Identify the covering.
10 terms
Nervous Systems (Ch 46)
neurons
action potential
neurotransmitter
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Nerve cells that transmit electrical signals used in communic…
- All-or-none changes in membrane potential that serve as ele…
- At synapses, electrical signal from neuron triggers release…
PNS neurons receive sensory info, transmit to CNS for process…
neurons
Nerve cells that transmit electrical signals used in communic…
action potential
- All-or-none changes in membrane potential that serve as ele…
12 terms
Cell Structure and Function Lab 5
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Loosely coiled fibers containing protein and DNA within nucle…
Occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus.
Composed of membrane-bound canals and sacs for tubular transp…
Flattened, membranous sacs that package a secretion.
Chromatin
Loosely coiled fibers containing protein and DNA within nucle…
Cytoplasm
Occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus.
10 terms
Chemical Signaling/Hormones (Ch 49)
endocrine system
hormone
types of chemical signals
autocrine signals
Collection of organs and cells that secrete chemical signals…
- Chemical signal that circulates through body fluids and aff…
1. autocrine - act on same cell that secretes... 2. paracrine -…
act on same cell that secretes
endocrine system
Collection of organs and cells that secrete chemical signals…
hormone
- Chemical signal that circulates through body fluids and aff…
13 terms
Digestive System
liver
gall bladder
esophagus
stomach
conversion of glucose into glycogen, and the reverse; synthes…
sac that stores bile, connects to small intestine. found on l…
transports food to stomach
protein digestion
liver
conversion of glucose into glycogen, and the reverse; synthes…
gall bladder
sac that stores bile, connects to small intestine. found on l…
10 terms
Respiratory system
Diaphragm
Thoracic cavity
abdominal cavity
esophagus
sheet separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
heart and limbs
digestive and urogenital organs
delivers chewed food to stomach, one of the tubes that pases…
Diaphragm
sheet separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
Thoracic cavity
heart and limbs
20 terms
Amino Acids
Alanine, Ala, A
Valine, Val, V
Leucine, Leu, L
Isoleucine, Ile, I
non-polar, aliphatic
non-polar, aliphatic
non-polar, aliphatic
non-polar, aliphatic
Alanine, Ala, A
non-polar, aliphatic
Valine, Val, V
non-polar, aliphatic
66 terms
Campbell Biology: Ninth Edition - Chapter 1: The Study of Life
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
21 terms
Fetal Pig Urogenital System Photo Quiz
Testes
Urinary Bladder
Kidneys
Urinary Bladder
Identify these structures:... either of two bean-shaped excreto…
Identify this structure
Testes
Urinary Bladder
1 of 4