Study sets matching "bleeding"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "bleeding"

32 terms
bleeding
afterload
blood
cardiac output
compensated shock 1 and 2
the pressure in the aorta against which the left ventricle mu…
the fluid tissue that is pumped by the heart through the arte…
amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute. ... S.V. X heart…
the early stages of shock in which the body can still compens…
afterload
the pressure in the aorta against which the left ventricle mu…
blood
the fluid tissue that is pumped by the heart through the arte…
89 terms
Bleeding
Harmonize blood
Epistaxis - Dry Heat invading Lung... - s/s
Epistaxis - Dry Heat invading Lung... - tx
Epistaxis - Dry Heat invading Lung... - p…
Stop bleeding, Move blood, Calm blood, Nourish blood
Nose bleed, nasal dryness, dry mouth & throat, or w/ fever, c…
Clear Lu Heat, Cool blood, Stop bleeding
LI4, Lu11, Lu10, LI11, K6, LI7, Lu6
Harmonize blood
Stop bleeding, Move blood, Calm blood, Nourish blood
Epistaxis - Dry Heat invading Lung... - s/s
Nose bleed, nasal dryness, dry mouth & throat, or w/ fever, c…
42 terms
Bleeding
fibrinogen
heart
brain
lungs
a soluble protein present in blood plasma, from which fibrin…
cardiovascular system
central nervous system
respiratory system
fibrinogen
a soluble protein present in blood plasma, from which fibrin…
heart
cardiovascular system
16 terms
Bleeding
Arterial bleeding is the most serious…
Arterial Bleeding
Venous bleeding is Blood that has pass…
Venous Bleeding
Bright red spurts hard to stop and life threatening.
Apply direct pressure , call 911 immediatly
Dark red and steady flow , easier to control.
Apply direct pressure , call 911 , wrap with roller bandage.
Arterial bleeding is the most serious…
Bright red spurts hard to stop and life threatening.
Arterial Bleeding
Apply direct pressure , call 911 immediatly
Bleeding
Aorta
Arterioles
Artery
Capillaries
The main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
A blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
The small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules;…
Aorta
The main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
Arterioles
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
Bleeding
Bleeding
3 types of bleeding
Arterial what
Arterial look
Immediate care to prevent shock, infection & death
Arterial, venous, & capillary
Punctured or severed artery
Bright red & comes out in spurts or pulse correspond to rhyth…
Bleeding
Immediate care to prevent shock, infection & death
3 types of bleeding
Arterial, venous, & capillary
Bleeding
Bleeding aka hemorrhage
Normal Blood Volume
Critical levels of loss
Body uses 2 defenses:
The loss of blood from the circulatory system in a short time
Adult = 6.6 liters... Teen = 3.3 liters ... Child = 1.5-2 liters... In…
Adult = 1 liter... Child = .5 liters... Infants = 100-200 ml... **smal…
1. Blood vessel spasm: vasoconstriction (draws back into the…
Bleeding aka hemorrhage
The loss of blood from the circulatory system in a short time
Normal Blood Volume
Adult = 6.6 liters... Teen = 3.3 liters ... Child = 1.5-2 liters... In…
10 terms
Bleeding
Coagulation
Contusion
Epistaxis
Hematoma
The formation of clots to plug openings in injured blood vess…
Bruise/Ecchymosis
nose bleed
Mass of blood in the soft tissue beneath skin.
Coagulation
The formation of clots to plug openings in injured blood vess…
Contusion
Bruise/Ecchymosis
Bleeding
Perfusion
Organs & perfusion
Interrupted perfusion to organs
Heart
Blood circulates through tissues or an organ to provide neces…
All organs and organ systems of body are dependent on adequat…
If damage occurs to organ tissue, dysfunction and failure of…
Requires constant perfusion to function properly
Perfusion
Blood circulates through tissues or an organ to provide neces…
Organs & perfusion
All organs and organ systems of body are dependent on adequat…
47 terms
Bleeding
why do people bleed
Phases of clotting
Vascular phase
Platelet phase
inherited disorder... acquired disorder from disease... intentional…
Vascular... Platelet... Coagulation... Fibrinolytic
begins immediately after injury... vessel contract and retract…
begins seconds after injury... exposure of endothelial tissues m…
why do people bleed
inherited disorder... acquired disorder from disease... intentional…
Phases of clotting
Vascular... Platelet... Coagulation... Fibrinolytic
Bleeding
Different Types
Body's Response to Bleeding
Process
Care-- excessive bleeding
Capillary... Venous... Arterial
*Blood vessel spasm... (severed blood vessels draw back and cons…
*Injury to blood vessel... *Blood vessel around wound constrict…
Wear gloves... Expose wound... Apply direct pressure... (Pad/gauze, at…
Different Types
Capillary... Venous... Arterial
Body's Response to Bleeding
*Blood vessel spasm... (severed blood vessels draw back and cons…
Bleeding
Pumping animal blood into humans made…
Karl Landsteiner discovered blood types
Landsteiner discovered positive and ne…
American doctor Richard Lewisohn found…
1670
1901
1940s
1915
Pumping animal blood into humans made…
1670
Karl Landsteiner discovered blood types
1901
Bleeding
Hemophilia A
Ecchymosis
Hematuria
Hemophilia B
Factor 8 - Injury or surgery leads to bleeding.
Bruise easily
Blood in urine
Factor 9 - unable to form clot in males only, excessive bleed…
Hemophilia A
Factor 8 - Injury or surgery leads to bleeding.
Ecchymosis
Bruise easily
Bleeding
1
2
3
4
Bsi
Direct pressure
Torniquet
Trendelenburg
1
Bsi
2
Direct pressure
16 terms
Bleeding
Primary Hemostasis
Secondary Hemostasis
Endothelial injury
Bleeding Patient (superficial mucosal…
Platelet plug formation... 1. VwF released from endothelium, anc…
Formation of factor based clot
1. VwF released from endothelium, anchors platelets via g1b (…
1. Superficial... -diseases of plateletes... 2. Deep Bleeds... -Hemart…
Primary Hemostasis
Platelet plug formation... 1. VwF released from endothelium, anc…
Secondary Hemostasis
Formation of factor based clot
28 terms
Bleeding
Capillary bleeding
Venous bleeding
Arterial bleeding
Significant blood loss with a child
blood oozes out and is controlled easily
Blood is dark red and does not spurt
Bright red and spurts
100-200ml
Capillary bleeding
blood oozes out and is controlled easily
Venous bleeding
Blood is dark red and does not spurt
Bleeding
first aid
hemorrhage
arterial bleeding
venous bleeding
- immediate care that is given... - minimize the effect on an il…
- the loss of blood from arteries capillaries, and veins... - ca…
loss of blood from artery, comes in spurts as the heart beats…
loss of blood from vein, steady flow, heavy, dark red, easier…
first aid
- immediate care that is given... - minimize the effect on an il…
hemorrhage
- the loss of blood from arteries capillaries, and veins... - ca…
Bleeding
contusion/ecchymosis
hematoma
hematemesis
melena
bruises
mass of blood in the soft tissues beneath the skin
vomited blood
tarry stool with digested blood
contusion/ecchymosis
bruises
hematoma
mass of blood in the soft tissues beneath the skin
12 terms
Bleeding
Survey the scene
Apply...
Abrasion
Laceration
Use barriers (PPE) gloves
Direct pressure
Scrap or scratch
Deep, jagged cut
Survey the scene
Use barriers (PPE) gloves
Apply...
Direct pressure
8 terms
Bleeding
Bleeding
1
2
3
Scene Safe BSI
Apply direct pressure
Tourniquet, secure, mark
Pressure dressing w/ tape
Bleeding
Scene Safe BSI
1
Apply direct pressure
Bleeding
Aorta
Arterioles
Artery
Capillaries
The main artery that revives blood from the left ventricle an…
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
A blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
The small blood vessels that connect Arterioles and venules;…
Aorta
The main artery that revives blood from the left ventricle an…
Arterioles
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
32 terms
Bleeding
Aorta
Arterioles
Artery
Capillaries
The main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
A blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
The small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules;…
Aorta
The main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
Arterioles
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
22 terms
Bleeding
aorta
arterioles
artery
capillaries
the main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
the smallest branch of arteries leading to the vast network o…
a blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
the small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules;…
aorta
the main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
arterioles
the smallest branch of arteries leading to the vast network o…
Bleeding
external bleeding
arterial bleeding
venous bleeding
capillary bleeding
what occurs when a blood vessel is opened externally such as…
often rapid and severe... usually spurt from the wound because g…
easier to control and flows steadily from wound... only damage t…
most common type... slow often oozes from wound... clots easily ... pa…
external bleeding
what occurs when a blood vessel is opened externally such as…
arterial bleeding
often rapid and severe... usually spurt from the wound because g…
Bleeding
External bleeding
Direct pressure
Pressure bandage
Internal bleeding
bleeding that can be seen coming from a wound
using your gloved hand to apply pressure on the wound to cont…
a bandage applied snugly to maintain pressure on the wound to…
the escape of blood from an artery, vein, or capillary into s…
External bleeding
bleeding that can be seen coming from a wound
Direct pressure
using your gloved hand to apply pressure on the wound to cont…
22 terms
Bleeding
Aorta
Arterioles
Artery
Capillaries
The main artery that receives blood from thebleft ventricle a…
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
A blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
The small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules.
Aorta
The main artery that receives blood from thebleft ventricle a…
Arterioles
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
Bleeding
General
Causes
Thrombocytopenia
Effects
50% of patients are hypercoagulable.... Having cancer makes you…
1. Disease process of septic endotoxins... 2. Multiple small clo…
Decreased platelet count... Most common cause of bleeding in pa…
Hemorrhage... Thrombosis... DIC... DVT of PE... Tumor erosion into a majo…
General
50% of patients are hypercoagulable.... Having cancer makes you…
Causes
1. Disease process of septic endotoxins... 2. Multiple small clo…
Bleeding
Aorta
Arterioles
Artery
Capillaries
A main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle and…
Smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network of…
A blood vessel consisting of three layers of tissue and smoot…
The small blood vessel that connect arterioles and venules
Aorta
A main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle and…
Arterioles
Smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network of…
Bleeding
Brain berry aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Peptic ulcer
Hematuria
-s/s: headache, eye pain, visual changes, numbness and weakne…
-s/s: pain of abdomen/back, pulsing on palpation, abdominal m…
-causes: H PYLORI, NSAIDs use, smoking, stress, etoh, reflux,…
-blood in urine... - causes: uti, pyelonephritis, Nephrolithiasi…
Brain berry aneurysm
-s/s: headache, eye pain, visual changes, numbness and weakne…
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
-s/s: pain of abdomen/back, pulsing on palpation, abdominal m…
23 terms
Bleeding
The blood vessels that carry blood fro…
Vomited blood
Bruising or discoloration associated w…
Circulation of blood within an organ o…
veins
hematemesis
ecchymosis
perfusion
The blood vessels that carry blood fro…
veins
Vomited blood
hematemesis
43 terms
bleeding
testing
INR
activated partial thromboplastin time…
PFA100
INR... aPTT: small elevation may indicate severe bleeding ... plate…
most sensitive to decreased factor 8 (most affected by warfar…
used to monitor heparin therapy ... elevation means:... factor de…
quickest & best way for now... more sensitive... standardized ... high…
testing
INR... aPTT: small elevation may indicate severe bleeding ... plate…
INR
most sensitive to decreased factor 8 (most affected by warfar…
23 terms
Bleeding
Aorta
Arterioles
Artery
Capillaries
The main artery that recieves blood feom the left ventricle a…
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
A blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
The small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules;…
Aorta
The main artery that recieves blood feom the left ventricle a…
Arterioles
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
23 terms
Bleeding
aorta
arterioles
artery
capillaries
The main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
A blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
The small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules,…
aorta
The main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
arterioles
The smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
Bleeding
check scene safety
brachial pressure point
femoral pressure point
check if victim is conscious and breat…
1st step to any first aid skill
interior midpoint between shoulder and elbow
mid groin
2nd step to any first aid skill
check scene safety
1st step to any first aid skill
brachial pressure point
interior midpoint between shoulder and elbow
Bleeding
very little
nosebleed
vomiting of blood
Blood in urine
oozing
epistaxis
hematemesis
hematuria
very little
oozing
nosebleed
epistaxis
11 terms
Bleeding
Types of bleeding
hematuria
Types of external bleeding
laceration
Venous, arterial, capillary
blood in urine
lacerations, abrasions, incisions, avulsions, punctures, ampu…
cut skin is jagged with irregular edges, forceful tearing awa…
Types of bleeding
Venous, arterial, capillary
hematuria
blood in urine
Bleeding
aorta
arterioles
artery
capillaries
the main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
the smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
a blood vessel, consisting of three layers of tissue and smoo…
the small blood vessels that connect arterioles and venules;…
aorta
the main artery that receives blood from the left ventricle a…
arterioles
the smallest branches of arteries leading to the vast network…
Bleeding
Perfusion
hypoperfusion
hypovolemic shock
Early signs and symptoms of hypovolemi…
circulation of blood in adequate amounts to meet cells' curre…
shock, occurs when the cardiovascual system fails to provide…
when blood flow and volume results in inadequate perfusion, m…
anxiety, changes in mental status, increased HR, increased RR…
Perfusion
circulation of blood in adequate amounts to meet cells' curre…
hypoperfusion
shock, occurs when the cardiovascual system fails to provide…
Bleeding
Hemorrhage
Brain and spinal cord
Kidneys
Skeletal muscle
Bleeding
Damaged after 4 to 6 minutes of inadequate perfusion (based o…
Damaged after 45 minutes of inadequate perfusion (based on no…
Damaged after 2 hour of inadequate perfusion (based on normal…
Hemorrhage
Bleeding
Brain and spinal cord
Damaged after 4 to 6 minutes of inadequate perfusion (based o…
10 terms
Bleeding
What are the three basic types of blee…
Arterial bleeding
Venus bleeding
Capillary bleeding
Arterial, Venus, capillary
-Bleeding from a punctured or severed artery... -Blood is bright…
Bleeding from a ruptured vein ... Less severe than arterial... Bloo…
Typically very slow typically oozes... Because some scratches an…
What are the three basic types of blee…
Arterial, Venus, capillary
Arterial bleeding
-Bleeding from a punctured or severed artery... -Blood is bright…
20 terms
Bleeding
coagulation
contusion
ecchymosis
epistaxis
the formation of clots to plug openings in injured blood vess…
bruise, or ecchymosis
discoloration of the skin associated with a closed wound; bru…
a nosebleed
coagulation
the formation of clots to plug openings in injured blood vess…
contusion
bruise, or ecchymosis
10 terms
Bleeding
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Identify self and ask for permission
Apply direct pressure to wound (use thick dressing or sterile…
Elevate wound above heart while keeping direct pressure to wo…
Apply extra dressing/gauze over dressings/gauze already on wo…
Step 1
Identify self and ask for permission
Step 2
Apply direct pressure to wound (use thick dressing or sterile…
22 terms
Bleeding
Aretrioles
Artery
Capillaries
Coagulation
Smallest branch leading to the network of capillaries
Smooth muscle 3 layers away from the hear
Connect to Arterioles and venules
Clots to plug openings
Aretrioles
Smallest branch leading to the network of capillaries
Artery
Smooth muscle 3 layers away from the hear
24 terms
Bleeding
Yangming Organ/Bowel Repletion
Summerheat Damage (qi level)
Heat in the Qi aspect
"Damp Heat in ... Liver/Gallbladder"
delrium, clouding stupor, abd distention, fullness and pain t…
fever (usually vigorous) , vexation/agitation, *profuse swa…
spontaneous bleeding, bloody stools, bloody urine or ejection…
abnormal vaginal discharge, *pain and redness near genitals,…
Yangming Organ/Bowel Repletion
delrium, clouding stupor, abd distention, fullness and pain t…
Summerheat Damage (qi level)
fever (usually vigorous) , vexation/agitation, *profuse swa…
Bleeding
Heart
Atria
Ventricles
What are the top two chambers of the h…
is the pump of the cardiovascular system
The top two chambers
The bottom two chambers
The atria
Heart
is the pump of the cardiovascular system
Atria
The top two chambers
37 terms
Bleeding
hemorrhage
venous, capillary, or arterial bleeding
5 types of wounds
abrasion
abnormal discharge of blood
venous- dark red, continuous flow... capillary- exudes from tiss…
abrasions... incisions... lacerations... punctures... avulsions
skin scraped against rough surface. top layer wears away, exp…
hemorrhage
abnormal discharge of blood
venous, capillary, or arterial bleeding
venous- dark red, continuous flow... capillary- exudes from tiss…
Bleeding
External bleeding
Capillary bleeding
Venous bleeding
A nosebleed is also called an ______
bleeding that can be seen coming from a wound. Common example…
Most common type of external bleeding... Slow, oozing of bright…
Caused by: punctured or severed vein... Characterized by: slow…
EPISTAXIS
External bleeding
bleeding that can be seen coming from a wound. Common example…
Capillary bleeding
Most common type of external bleeding... Slow, oozing of bright…
28 terms
bleeding
Bleeding
Signs and symptoms
Types of external bleeding
Laceration
Venous... Arterial... Capillary
Palpate comparing firmness and softness... Vomit blood, blood i…
Lacerations... Abrasions... Incisions... Avulsions... Punctures... Ampu…
Cut skin is jagged with irregular edges... Caused by forceful t…
Bleeding
Venous... Arterial... Capillary
Signs and symptoms
Palpate comparing firmness and softness... Vomit blood, blood i…
107 terms
Bleeding
Dynamic process of blood clot formatio…
What are the events of hemostasis
activated by tissue/platelet thrombopl…
extrinsic pathway begins clotting within
Hemostasis
vascular injury, vasoconstriction platelet adhesion, blood co…
extrinsic pathway
10-15 seconds, low thrombin production, quick pathc
Dynamic process of blood clot formatio…
Hemostasis
What are the events of hemostasis
vascular injury, vasoconstriction platelet adhesion, blood co…
9 terms
Bleeding
heparin
protamine sulfate
enoxaparin
warfarin
indirect thrombin inhibitor; anticoag; APTT and HIT*
treat heparin OD
low molecular weight heparin; no HIT/APTT concerns
coumadin; rivaroxaban; PT/INR labs
heparin
indirect thrombin inhibitor; anticoag; APTT and HIT*
protamine sulfate
treat heparin OD
1 of 10