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Study sets matching "blood collection"

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Study sets matching "blood collection"

26 terms
Blood collection
Hemostasis
Coagulation
Agglutination
Embolus
Bleeding control
Process of blood clotting or formation of blood cot in hemost…
Clumping of RBCs
Blood clot on the move. Broken off from the thrombus
Hemostasis
Bleeding control
Coagulation
Process of blood clotting or formation of blood cot in hemost…
30 terms
Blood collection
Leuko
Phago
Hemo
Thrombo
White
Eating, devouring
Blood
Blood clot
Leuko
White
Phago
Eating, devouring
11 terms
blood collection
anticoagulant
serum
fibrogen
plasma
chemical substance added to whole blood to prevent it from cl…
does not contain fibrinogen (because it has been used up to m…
protein necessary for blood coagulation
does contain fibrinogen (because blood has not clotted)
anticoagulant
chemical substance added to whole blood to prevent it from cl…
serum
does not contain fibrinogen (because it has been used up to m…
48 terms
Blood Collection
Equipment
Disinfect
Antiseptic
sepsis
Phlebotomy tray, Antiseptic & gauze, Tourniquet, Tubes, Needl…
Cleans inanimate surfaces
Cleans living tissue
infection
Equipment
Phlebotomy tray, Antiseptic & gauze, Tourniquet, Tubes, Needl…
Disinfect
Cleans inanimate surfaces
30 terms
Blood Collection
it is important not to damage blood
veins used should depend on the
if pull blood to hard through needle can
if using needle and syringe,
when performing venipuncture
size of pet and amount of blood needed
hemolyze sample
remove needle before placing blood into tube
it is important not to damage blood
when performing venipuncture
veins used should depend on the
size of pet and amount of blood needed
Blood collection
Plasma makes up to 35% of the blood tr…
blood
Platelets
Gauge usually used in venipuncture
False
Is made up of Red and white blood cells
Are necessary in blood clotting
22" gauge
Plasma makes up to 35% of the blood tr…
False
blood
Is made up of Red and white blood cells
8 terms
Blood Collection Tubes
No additive (serum)
Serum separator (gel)
K3 EDTA (whole blood)
ESR (whole blood)
Red top blood tube
Tiger top blood
Lavender top blood tube
Black top blood tube
No additive (serum)
Red top blood tube
Serum separator (gel)
Tiger top blood
Blood Collection
Horses, cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, cats
Cattle
Pigs
Thoracic inlet aiming for the top of t…
Which species do you take blood from a jugular vein?
Which species do you take from a tail vein?
Anterior Vena Cava
Where is the anterior vena cava located on the pig?
Horses, cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, cats
Which species do you take blood from a jugular vein?
Cattle
Which species do you take from a tail vein?
46 terms
Blood Collection
Venipuncture and phlebotomy
Prevents clotting
Plasma
Hemoglobin
What terms are used to describe the collection of blood throu…
Heparin is an additive for blood specimens that ________.
The liquid part of blood is called ________.
What are the molecules in red blood cells that transport oxyg…
Venipuncture and phlebotomy
What terms are used to describe the collection of blood throu…
Prevents clotting
Heparin is an additive for blood specimens that ________.
Blood Collection
22g
.5ml/kg of body weight per week
Bevel up
Start distal/caudal work way up
What is the smallest needle that will not break blood cells?
What is the calculation for how much blood can be drawn from…
How do you quickly insert the needle?
Where should you insert needle incase of having to do multipl…
22g
What is the smallest needle that will not break blood cells?
.5ml/kg of body weight per week
What is the calculation for how much blood can be drawn from…
37 terms
Blood collection
Blood donations are regulated by which…
2 main considerations for a donor to d…
What is looked at for donor suitabilit…
Donor registration requirements
FDA... AABB... CAP
That the donation will not injure donor... Donated blood will no…
Donor health history... Physical examination
Full name... Home/work address... DOB (>17 or in some states >16)... R…
Blood donations are regulated by which…
FDA... AABB... CAP
2 main considerations for a donor to d…
That the donation will not injure donor... Donated blood will no…
25 terms
Blood Collection
Blood Functions
Plasma
Serum
RBCs = erythrocytes
Functions: to deliver necessary substances to the body cells…
Yellowish liquid component of blood... Transports cells... 55% of t…
Plasma w/o fibrinogen & other clotting factors
Mature RBC's-no nucleus and no organelles ... Hematocrit- PCV-pa…
Blood Functions
Functions: to deliver necessary substances to the body cells…
Plasma
Yellowish liquid component of blood... Transports cells... 55% of t…
6 terms
Blood Collection
tourniquet
antiseptics
Disinfectants
multisample needles
used to restrict blood flow
used to prevent sepsis(prescense of microorganisms in bloodst…
remove or killmicroorganisms; not safe on human skin; sodium…
allow multiple tubes of blood to be collected during single v…
tourniquet
used to restrict blood flow
antiseptics
used to prevent sepsis(prescense of microorganisms in bloodst…
Blood Collection
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Culture bottles
Light blue, Citrate
Gold
Red, SST with gel, Serum
First
Culture bottles
Second
Light blue, Citrate
14 terms
Blood Collection
Preparing to Collect Blood
Supplies
Collection Tubes
Red Collection Tubes
First determine what tests will be needed to be performed, so…
Syringe/ Needle (Size will depend on amount of blood needed)…
Tubes are decided according to the test that needs to be perf…
(coagulant with no additive) - can be used for blood, urine,…
Preparing to Collect Blood
First determine what tests will be needed to be performed, so…
Supplies
Syringe/ Needle (Size will depend on amount of blood needed)…
43 terms
Blood Collection
Tools used in skin puncture
Sample collected from skin puncture
Discrepancies of peripheral blood
Ideal site for skin puncture (adults)
Lancet
Peripheral blood
High WBC count... Low Hbg, Hct, RBC and Platelet counts
Ear lobe
Tools used in skin puncture
Lancet
Sample collected from skin puncture
Peripheral blood
17 terms
blood collection
Antiseptic
Iodine
Disinfactants
Sharps container
70% isopropyl (alcohol)
Second most used antiseptic
Bleach 1:10 dilution will kill most viruses and bacteria
Used for disposing objects like needle and lancets
Antiseptic
70% isopropyl (alcohol)
Iodine
Second most used antiseptic
15 terms
Blood Collection
multiple samples will require a
______ vein preferred for collection
Heparin used for samples that need
heparin is in a _____ top tube
vacutainer system
jugular
plasma
green
multiple samples will require a
vacutainer system
______ vein preferred for collection
jugular
17 terms
Blood Collection
Blood Collection Site for Dogs
Blood Collection Site for Cats
Blood Collection Site for Horse
Blood Collection Site for Cow
Jugular, cephalic, lateral saphenous
Jugular, cephalic, medial saphenous
Jugular
Jugular, Caudal (tail), mammary
Blood Collection Site for Dogs
Jugular, cephalic, lateral saphenous
Blood Collection Site for Cats
Jugular, cephalic, medial saphenous
10 terms
Blood Collection
First containing to place blood sample
Grey top
Red Top
Tiger top
Vacutainer containing no anti coagulant... to avoid contaminatin…
Sodium Fluoride/ Potassium Oxalate Used in tests requiring pl…
No Additive Used in tests requiring plasma for lactose, gluco…
SST Serum separator inert gel Used in tests requiring plasma…
First containing to place blood sample
Vacutainer containing no anti coagulant... to avoid contaminatin…
Grey top
Sodium Fluoride/ Potassium Oxalate Used in tests requiring pl…
20 terms
Blood Collection
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Wash hands/Apply gloves
Approach patient/Identify yourself
Identify patient/Ask about fasting (basal state)
Assemble all equipment/Tap tube w/ additives
Step 1
Wash hands/Apply gloves
Step 2
Approach patient/Identify yourself
Blood Collection
When do we collect blood?
Why should the animal be fasted before…
How can you avoid hemolysis?
What supplies are needed when you are…
Before treatment because tests will conclude what is wrong.
The tests can be inconclusive because the blood could result…
By gently rocking the blood sample and using an appropriate s…
-syringe... -needle... -blood tubes... -alcohol
When do we collect blood?
Before treatment because tests will conclude what is wrong.
Why should the animal be fasted before…
The tests can be inconclusive because the blood could result…
9 terms
Blood Collection
What does the definition 'Whole Blood'…
What does 'serum' mean?
What is plasma?
What are anticoagulants?
The fluid collected in composed of both cellular (RBC,WBC and…
The fluid that remains after clotting has taken place (minus…
the fluid seperated from non-clotted blood (minus the cellula…
They are substances used to prevent clotting of blood (hepari…
What does the definition 'Whole Blood'…
The fluid collected in composed of both cellular (RBC,WBC and…
What does 'serum' mean?
The fluid that remains after clotting has taken place (minus…
11 terms
Blood Collection
Total Circulation Blood Volume in ml
Safe Sample Volume in ml
Exsanguination Sample Volume in ml
Tail Vein or Artery
7% of Body weight (gm)
10% of Total Circulating Blood Volume
50% of Total Circulating Blood Volume
Micro amount only. 27 gauge.... Veins are lateral, Artery is ven…
Total Circulation Blood Volume in ml
7% of Body weight (gm)
Safe Sample Volume in ml
10% of Total Circulating Blood Volume
46 terms
Blood Collection
Antispites
Disinfectants
Prevent or inhibit the growth and deve…
The needle end that pierces the vein i…
Substances used to prevent sepsis, the presence of microorgan…
Chemical substances or solutions regulated by the Environmeta…
Antispites
The Bevel
Antispites
Substances used to prevent sepsis, the presence of microorgan…
Disinfectants
Chemical substances or solutions regulated by the Environmeta…
13 terms
Blood Collection
Neck Vein
Front Leg Vein
Back Leg Vein
Venipuncture
Jugular Vein
Cephalic vein
Saphenous vein
Vein/needle puncture
Neck Vein
Jugular Vein
Front Leg Vein
Cephalic vein
13 terms
Blood Collection
Order of Collection
Yellow
Light Yellow
Light Blue
Yellow, Blue, Red, Green, Lavender, Gray
SPS (anticoagulant)... Cultures... 8-10 inversions
ACD... DNA testing, Blood culture... 8-10 inversions
Sodium citrate (anticoagulant)... PT tests (INR)... 3-4 inversions
Order of Collection
Yellow, Blue, Red, Green, Lavender, Gray
Yellow
SPS (anticoagulant)... Cultures... 8-10 inversions
52 terms
Blood Collection
What are some things to consider when…
Canine sites:
Feline sites:
Bovine sites:
what test will be needed, what supplies will be needed, what…
jugular, cephalic, saphenous
jugular, cephalic, saphenous, and femoral
jugular ,coccygeal and mammary (last resort)
What are some things to consider when…
what test will be needed, what supplies will be needed, what…
Canine sites:
jugular, cephalic, saphenous
40 terms
Blood Collection & Blood Smear
Blood:serum ratio of a healthy hydrate…
The separation of... the hemoglobin from…
Whole blood consist of a fluid portion…
How soon must blood test be ran after…
3ml blood=1ml serum
hemolysis
plasma... RBC, WBC, Platelets
30 minutes
Blood:serum ratio of a healthy hydrate…
3ml blood=1ml serum
The separation of... the hemoglobin from…
hemolysis
16 terms
Blood collection
Stress in an animal can cause what?
In a cat, stress can do what?
RTT
SST
Splenic contractions and alter a CBC
Falsely elevate glucose
No anticoagulant. Needs to clot and then spun for 10 min. At…
No anticoagulant. Has a gel in bottom that separates cells fr…
Stress in an animal can cause what?
Splenic contractions and alter a CBC
In a cat, stress can do what?
Falsely elevate glucose
71 terms
Blood collection
What kind of tissue is blood?
What are the three functions of blood?
how does blood protect?
how does blood transport?
connective
Protection, transport, regulation
WBC... Inflammation... Immunity... phagocytosis
O2... Waste... Thrombocytes... Hormones... blood cells themselves
What kind of tissue is blood?
connective
What are the three functions of blood?
Protection, transport, regulation
35 terms
Blood Collection
Steps to properly obtaining, handling,…
OSHA require specimen packaging to be…
SOAP method for documenting patient's…
How to make corrects to medical record
* patients first and last name... * unique patient ID number... * d…
1. sharps container... 2. biohazard
S = subjective... *personal/medical history... *chief complaint... O…
1. draw a single line through error and initial... 2. write "cor…
Steps to properly obtaining, handling,…
* patients first and last name... * unique patient ID number... * d…
OSHA require specimen packaging to be…
1. sharps container... 2. biohazard
29 terms
Blood collection
Albumin (ALB) test
Alkaline phosphatase (ALKP)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
Amylase (AMYL)
Liver
Liver
Liver
Pancreas
Albumin (ALB) test
Liver
Alkaline phosphatase (ALKP)
Liver
48 terms
Blood Collection
What terms are used to describe the co…
Heparin is an additive for blood speci…
The liquid part of the blood is called…
What are the molecules in red blood ce…
Venipuncture and phlebotomy
Prevents clotting
Plasma
Hemoglobin
What terms are used to describe the co…
Venipuncture and phlebotomy
Heparin is an additive for blood speci…
Prevents clotting
36 terms
Collection of Blood
First step in patient ID
If the patient is unable to state his/…
ID information from the test requisiti…
Phlebotomy procedures begin with
Ask the patient to state his/her first and last name
family member may provide verbal ID
Always be confirmed with the patients wristband before a bloo…
The receipt of a test requisition from generated by/request o…
First step in patient ID
Ask the patient to state his/her first and last name
If the patient is unable to state his/…
family member may provide verbal ID
20 terms
Blood Collection
Name of machine that spins blood
Time a patient can't refuse blood draw
What goes with therapeutic drug monito…
Ammonia specimen are transported how?
Centrifuge
Court ordered
patient dosage is correct
on ice
Name of machine that spins blood
Centrifuge
Time a patient can't refuse blood draw
Court ordered
19 terms
Blood Collection
Sodium Citrate
What color tube is used for coagulation?
What color tube is used for blood bank?
What color tube is used for chemistry?
prevents coagulation by binding calcium, yields plasma
light blue (contain sodium citrate)
pink
sst/red/green
Sodium Citrate
prevents coagulation by binding calcium, yields plasma
What color tube is used for coagulation?
light blue (contain sodium citrate)
57 terms
Blood and Blood collection
What is blood
first function of blood
second function of blood
Blood functions
specialized bodily fluid with 2 primary functions
deliver necessary substances to body cells (nutrients)
transport waste products from those cells (Co2/lactic acid)
1. antibody response... 2. ability to clot ... 3. transport... 4. regu…
What is blood
specialized bodily fluid with 2 primary functions
first function of blood
deliver necessary substances to body cells (nutrients)
14 terms
Quest Diagnostics Blood Collection
Culture bottle 'see bottle label'... or... Y…
Light blue... tube must be filled complet…
Red/black... Do not use gel tubes for tox…
Red
SPS
Citrate
Gel, serum
No gel, serum
Culture bottle 'see bottle label'... or... Y…
SPS
Light blue... tube must be filled complet…
Citrate
19 terms
Blood Collection Tubes
purple top tube
purple top tube
green top tube
green top tube
this blood collection tube contains an anticoagulant EDTA tha…
this blood collection tube causes the least amount of cell di…
this blood collection tube contains heparin which prevents th…
this blood collection tube maintains size and shape of RBC's,…
purple top tube
this blood collection tube contains an anticoagulant EDTA tha…
purple top tube
this blood collection tube causes the least amount of cell di…
10 terms
Blood Collection Additives
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)…
Citrates: prevent coagulation by bindi…
Heparin: prevents clotting by inhibiti…
Oxalates: remove calcium and prevent c…
It is an additive in Lavender top tubes, Pink plastic for spe…
It is an additive in Light blue stoppers
It is an additive in Green top tubes, Green top and light gre…
It is an additive in Gray top tubes
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)…
It is an additive in Lavender top tubes, Pink plastic for spe…
Citrates: prevent coagulation by bindi…
It is an additive in Light blue stoppers
8 terms
Blood Collection Tubes
Red top/serum separator tube
EDTA tube
Heparin tube
Silaceous Earth Tube
Used for blood chemistries, has no additives
Used for hematology. Anticoagulant binding.
Used for chemistries. Prevents clotting.
Activates clotting time. Contains silaceous earth.
Red top/serum separator tube
Used for blood chemistries, has no additives
EDTA tube
Used for hematology. Anticoagulant binding.
42 terms
Blood collections
phlebotomy needles
disinfectants
hand sanitizers
gauge
sterile, disposable & single use
remove or kill microbes, not safe on skin
rinses, gels and foams
diameter of the lumen
phlebotomy needles
sterile, disposable & single use
disinfectants
remove or kill microbes, not safe on skin
Blood Collection Tubes
Red top/serum separator tube
EDTA tube
Heparin tube
Silaceous Earth Tube
Used for blood chemistries, has no additives
Used for hematology. Anticoagulant binding.
Used for chemistries. Prevents clotting.
Activates clotting time. Contains silaceous earth.
Red top/serum separator tube
Used for blood chemistries, has no additives
EDTA tube
Used for hematology. Anticoagulant binding.
14 terms
Blood Collection in Special Populations
bilirubin
jaundice
newborn blood
23
the lab test that assays jaundice
yellowing of the skin and eyes
higher RBCs than adults... more blood may be needed to get enoug…
needle gauge used on a child 2 years old or younger
bilirubin
the lab test that assays jaundice
jaundice
yellowing of the skin and eyes
15 terms
Blood and Blood Collection
blood
plasma
Serum
RBC
specialized body fluid that delivers necessary substances to…
Yellowish liquid that transports cells. Is 55% total body vol…
plasma without fibrinogen and other clotting factors
erythrocytes that are the most abundant cell type in the body…
blood
specialized body fluid that delivers necessary substances to…
plasma
Yellowish liquid that transports cells. Is 55% total body vol…
11 terms
Blood Collection Tubes
Color: Red... Additive: None (Glass) ... NO…
Color: Marble Red (Red Brick, Red Tige…
Color: Gold... Additive: Clot Activator &…
Color: (NAtural) Green... Additive: Sodiu…
Red
Marble Red (Red Brick, Red Tiger)... (SST = Serum Separation Tub…
Gold ... (SST = Serum Separation Tube (specimen = serum, gel is…
(NAtural) Green
Color: Red... Additive: None (Glass) ... NO…
Red
Color: Marble Red (Red Brick, Red Tige…
Marble Red (Red Brick, Red Tiger)... (SST = Serum Separation Tub…
47 terms
Blood Collection Tubes
- 8 inverts... - Inhibits phagocytosis
- 8 inverts... - Keeps cells alive... - Us…
- 4 inverts... - chilates calcium... - str…
- 5 inverts
(SPS) Yellow - Sterile
(ACD/CPD) Yellow - Non-Sterile
Light Blue
Red - Glass
- 8 inverts... - Inhibits phagocytosis
(SPS) Yellow - Sterile
- 8 inverts... - Keeps cells alive... - Us…
(ACD/CPD) Yellow - Non-Sterile
20 terms
Collecting blood
List the equipment you will need for p…
In general, what is the best place to…
Is it better to have the arm straight…
What size needle should you use?
1) Tourniquet, ... 2) Vacutainer needle, ... 3) Vacutainer adapter…
A large vein near the center of the arm is best which tends t…
Straight
20-22 gauge, the largest you feel the vein will accommodate
List the equipment you will need for p…
1) Tourniquet, ... 2) Vacutainer needle, ... 3) Vacutainer adapter…
In general, what is the best place to…
A large vein near the center of the arm is best which tends t…
41 terms
Chapter 4: Blood Collection
The area that is found in front of the…
A condition of inflammation of the bon…
A collection of blood caused by blood…
To remove air in order to produce a va…
...
...
...
...
The area that is found in front of the…
...
A condition of inflammation of the bon…
...
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