Study sets matching "bms exam 2"

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Study sets matching "bms exam 2"

178 terms
bms exam 2
why do cells divide?
Understanding cell division
Eukaryotic Cell Division
What is Mitosis responsible for
every multicellular organism from a single cell that has divi…
parent cells give rise to 'daughter cells' / all instructions…
Mitosis & Meiosis
is responsible for all body growth & tissue repair / ends up…
why do cells divide?
every multicellular organism from a single cell that has divi…
Understanding cell division
parent cells give rise to 'daughter cells' / all instructions…
57 terms
BMS Exam 2
Where does glycolysis take place?
Summarize glycolysis in a sentence
What is the initial substrate of glyco…
What is the end product of glycolysis?
Cytosol
Glucose split into 3 carbon sugars which are then oxidized an…
-glucose... -carbohydrate... -6
2 pyruvate
Where does glycolysis take place?
Cytosol
Summarize glycolysis in a sentence
Glucose split into 3 carbon sugars which are then oxidized an…
111 terms
Exam 2 (BMS 409)
Sry via Sox9
Rspo1 via Wnt4 & Beta-catenin pathway
Fox12 (ovary) and Dmrt1 (testes)...thi…
nephrogenic cord
Gene responsible for testicular development in the XY bipoten…
Gene responsible for ovarian development in the XX bipotentia…
Deletion of this gene induces transdifferentiation of gonads…
intermediate mesoderm gives rise to...
Sry via Sox9
Gene responsible for testicular development in the XY bipoten…
Rspo1 via Wnt4 & Beta-catenin pathway
Gene responsible for ovarian development in the XX bipotentia…
82 terms
BMS300 Exam 2
Calcium channel blockers
Beta blockers
Alpha blockers
ACE inhibitors
decrease contractility of the heart, decrease CO (anti-hypert…
Beta 1 blockers, decreases HR and contractility (anti-hyperte…
block EPI and NOR from binding to alpha 1 receptor, decrease…
prevent conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, less v…
Calcium channel blockers
decrease contractility of the heart, decrease CO (anti-hypert…
Beta blockers
Beta 1 blockers, decreases HR and contractility (anti-hyperte…
22 terms
BMS Exam 2
Meiosis (2)
Meiosis (cycles)
Haploid (3)
Diploid (3)
-Formation of eggs and sperm (gametes)... -One parent cell yield…
-Interphase 1 (same as mitosis)... -Meiosis I (prophase, metapha…
-a single set of chromosomes... -One set of 23 (n)... -Gametes (egg…
-two sets of homologous (similar) chromosomes... -Two sets of 23…
Meiosis (2)
-Formation of eggs and sperm (gametes)... -One parent cell yield…
Meiosis (cycles)
-Interphase 1 (same as mitosis)... -Meiosis I (prophase, metapha…
224 terms
BMS 310 Exam 2
Alzheimer's Manifestations
Alzheimer's pathology
temporal lobe
hippocampus
- deterioration of memory and cognition... - alterations in beha…
- narrowed gyri and widened sulci due to neuronal loss... - fron…
memory formation... short term memory disappears in mid-late AD…
region of the temporal lobe... site of most severe neuronal loss
Alzheimer's Manifestations
- deterioration of memory and cognition... - alterations in beha…
Alzheimer's pathology
- narrowed gyri and widened sulci due to neuronal loss... - fron…
BMS 307 Exam 2
Parts of the trachea?
Secondary or lobar bronchi?
Tertiary or segmental bronchi?
Three surfaces of the lung?
Trachea, right and left main bronchi, secondary or lobar bron…
Each supply a lobe of the lung, how many lobes on right and l…
10 right and 8 left.
Costal, diaphragmatic, and mediastinal.
Parts of the trachea?
Trachea, right and left main bronchi, secondary or lobar bron…
Secondary or lobar bronchi?
Each supply a lobe of the lung, how many lobes on right and l…
BMS Exam 2
Proteins move through the cell in vesi…
Vessicle Transport Step 1
Vessicle Transport Step 2
Vessicle Transport Step 3
Proteins made in the rough Er by ribosomes ... - folded
Move to the Golgi in vesicles ... - add additional molecules, li…
Exit Golgi travel to different destinations... -i.e plasma membr…
Proteins move through the cell in vesi…
Vessicle Transport Step 1
Proteins made in the rough Er by ribosomes ... - folded
408 terms
BMS 507 Exam 2
tissue
epithelial
connective
muscle
collection of cells/cell products that form specific, limited…
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways, forms gl…
fills internal spaces; supports other tissues; transports mat…
specialized for contraction; skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle,…
tissue
collection of cells/cell products that form specific, limited…
epithelial
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways, forms gl…
BMS 310 Exam 2
Dementia
Gross Pathology of the Alzheimer's brain
Normal Human Brain Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
- deterioration of memory and cognition ... - alterations in beh…
- brains have narrowed gyri and widened sulci due to neuronal…
- Cognition... - Personality ... - Social Behavior
Memory formation
Dementia
- deterioration of memory and cognition ... - alterations in beh…
Gross Pathology of the Alzheimer's brain
- brains have narrowed gyri and widened sulci due to neuronal…
BMS110 Exam 2
Expansion
Gene Mutation
Polysome
Transposable Elements
Mutation where nucleotide sequence repeated many times
Changes in the nucleotide sequence of genes
Cluster of ribosomes all translating same mRNA
DNA from viruses able to move around genome
Expansion
Mutation where nucleotide sequence repeated many times
Gene Mutation
Changes in the nucleotide sequence of genes
BMS 305 Exam 2
Dietary Carbohydrate
Simple Carbohydrate(s)
Complex Carbs
The process of Glycogen storing glucose
any sugar, starch, or cellulose that contributes to the sourc…
(The sugars) ... Monosaccharides: glucose, fructose, galactose... D…
- polysaccharides: starches (storage of energy in plants) gly…
Blood glucose levels increase after a meal... liver cells link g…
Dietary Carbohydrate
any sugar, starch, or cellulose that contributes to the sourc…
Simple Carbohydrate(s)
(The sugars) ... Monosaccharides: glucose, fructose, galactose... D…
BMS 300 EXAM 2
Three Box Model
Data In
Data Analysis
Central Nervous System
Data In, Data Analysis, Data Out
Sensory Input. Part of the PNS.
Integration
CNS. Brain/spinal cord
Three Box Model
Data In, Data Analysis, Data Out
Data In
Sensory Input. Part of the PNS.
BMS 100 exam 2
attachment
infatuation
cohabitation
sexual orientation
emotional tie between an infant and his/her caregiver or betw…
an idealizing, obsessive attraction,characterized by a high d…
living together in a sexual relationship without being married
consistent pattern of emotional and sexual attraction based o…
attachment
emotional tie between an infant and his/her caregiver or betw…
infatuation
an idealizing, obsessive attraction,characterized by a high d…
93 terms
BMS Exam 2
What happens at week 5 of brain develo…
What are the three primary brain vesic…
What is referenced in the slides as th…
Why does the brain fold up during deve…
Brain develops from the neural tube to having primary vesicles
Prosencephalon ... Mesencephalon... Rhombencephalon
When the brain develops secondary vesicles the telencephalon…
Because it grows much faster than the skull and the skull's m…
What happens at week 5 of brain develo…
Brain develops from the neural tube to having primary vesicles
What are the three primary brain vesic…
Prosencephalon ... Mesencephalon... Rhombencephalon
BMS 309 Exam 2
trapezius
rhomboids
levator scapulae
pectoralis minor
adduction, elevation, & depression of scapula... CN XI: accessor…
adduction of scpaula
elevation of scapula
depression of scapula
trapezius
adduction, elevation, & depression of scapula... CN XI: accessor…
rhomboids
adduction of scpaula
105 terms
BMS 500 Exam 2
Voltage-Clamp measures?
Depolarization elicits what response?
How does tetrodotoxin (TTX) and saxito…
What is the advantage of using a patch…
Ion channel function
early inward current followed by a delayed outward current
Pore blockers
ability to do voltage clamp experiments on small cells
Voltage-Clamp measures?
Ion channel function
Depolarization elicits what response?
early inward current followed by a delayed outward current
160 terms
Bms exam 2
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Plants have
The cell is
No nucleus ... No organells... Bacteria... Has cell walls
Nucleus... Organelles (sensory pathway, disposal and recycling a…
Chloroplasts and cell walls
The smallest unit of having the properties of life
Prokaryote
No nucleus ... No organells... Bacteria... Has cell walls
Eukaryote
Nucleus... Organelles (sensory pathway, disposal and recycling a…
BMS 300 Exam 2
taste
affrent
efferent
somatic
1. sweet- simple sugar... 2. salty- Na selective channel... 3. bitt…
to carry toward... -sensory info somatic... -conscious... - visceral-…
autonomic nervous system... to carry away... - to cause or bring ab…
from the body
taste
1. sweet- simple sugar... 2. salty- Na selective channel... 3. bitt…
affrent
to carry toward... -sensory info somatic... -conscious... - visceral-…
227 terms
BMS 310 Exam 2
Alzheimer's Manifestations
Alzheimer's pathology
temporal lobe
hippocampus
- deterioration of memory and cognition... - alterations in beha…
- narrowed gyri and widened sulci due to neuronal loss... - fron…
memory formation... short term memory disappears in mid-late AD…
region of the temporal lobe... site of most severe neuronal loss
Alzheimer's Manifestations
- deterioration of memory and cognition... - alterations in beha…
Alzheimer's pathology
- narrowed gyri and widened sulci due to neuronal loss... - fron…
101 terms
BMS 300 Exam 2
depolarize
hyperpolarize
repolarize
Three Box Model
the inside of the cell is becoming more positive
the inside of the cell is becoming more negative
inside of the cell is returning to baseline membrane voltage
-Input: sensory in (PNS)... -Analysis: integration-goes to brain…
depolarize
the inside of the cell is becoming more positive
hyperpolarize
the inside of the cell is becoming more negative
BMS Exam 2
The nuclear membrane has to disappear…
Metaphase occurs prior to the splittin…
Mitosis is the process of chromosome s…
Cells that lack or ignore cell cycle c…
Attachment of mitotic spindle fibers centromeres
Aligning of chromosomes in the middle of the cell
Cytokinesis
Are defective and may be cancerous
The nuclear membrane has to disappear…
Attachment of mitotic spindle fibers centromeres
Metaphase occurs prior to the splittin…
Aligning of chromosomes in the middle of the cell
44 terms
BMS Exam 2 Overview
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle Tissue
Neural Tissue
Tissue that covers exposed surfaces- lines internal passagewa…
Tissue that fills internal spaces- supports other tissues- tr…
Tissue specialized for contraction
Tissue that carries electrical signals
Epithelial tissue
Tissue that covers exposed surfaces- lines internal passagewa…
Connective tissue
Tissue that fills internal spaces- supports other tissues- tr…
BMS Exam 2
All are stages of interphase except?
The form of RNA that carries the code…
If a parent cell has 40 chromosomes be…
When one allele's phenotype (first all…
Mitosis
mRNA
40
Dominant, Recessive
All are stages of interphase except?
Mitosis
The form of RNA that carries the code…
mRNA
210 terms
Exam 2 for BMS 301
Anterior Longitudinal lig
posterior longitudinal lig
Ligaments Flava
interspinal lig
Broad big that limits extension (continuous)
limits flexion, thin and continuous
Between adjacent lamina, limits lateral flex
not continuous limits flex of the vertebral column. The inter…
Anterior Longitudinal lig
Broad big that limits extension (continuous)
posterior longitudinal lig
limits flexion, thin and continuous
BMS exam 2
Transcriptional regulator
Receptor protein
Properties of proteins that allow to b…
Allosteric site
bind to DNA, promotes transcription
receive messages from outside the cell, binds to the message…
non-covalant bonds, specific amino acids lining the binding s…
binding sites and will change the shape ... ex. cAMP
Transcriptional regulator
bind to DNA, promotes transcription
Receptor protein
receive messages from outside the cell, binds to the message…
74 terms
BMS 508 Exam 2
Each of the following would cause an i…
The cardiovascular centers in the medu…
The layer of a blood vessel that is do…
Arterial blood flow rises and falls du…
an inhibitor of angiotensin II
All of the above
tunica media
arterial pressure rises and falls
Each of the following would cause an i…
an inhibitor of angiotensin II
The cardiovascular centers in the medu…
All of the above
70 terms
BMS 301 Exam 2
Prospective cohort study... -define... -stre…
Nurses' Health Study
Retrospective cohort study... -define... -st…
Nested case-control... -definition... -stren…
-definition: measuring outcome variables overtime after takin…
A prospective cohort study... 1976, nurses age 25-42 mailed inv…
-definition: looking at the past - already have assembly of c…
case-control study "nested" within a cohort study. Can assess…
Prospective cohort study... -define... -stre…
-definition: measuring outcome variables overtime after takin…
Nurses' Health Study
A prospective cohort study... 1976, nurses age 25-42 mailed inv…
BMS 301 EXAM 2
Case series
case report
who writes case reports/series?
Do case series/reports have a control…
2 or more patients with a similar disease
describes a single patient
they are written by clinicians to share insights gained from…
no it is not described
Case series
2 or more patients with a similar disease
case report
describes a single patient
79 terms
BMS Final: Exam 2
Gene
tRNA
3
DNA makes RNA which makes protein
This is the region of the DNA that encodes for a protein
This form of RNA carries the amino acid to the ribosome to be…
The genetic code is made up of a codon which consists of how…
The central dogma of molecular biology states which of the fo…
Gene
This is the region of the DNA that encodes for a protein
tRNA
This form of RNA carries the amino acid to the ribosome to be…
402 terms
BMS 507 Exam 2
tissue
epithelial
connective
muscle
collection of cells/cell products that form specific, limited…
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways, forms gl…
fills internal spaces; supports other tissues; transports mat…
specialized for contraction; skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle,…
tissue
collection of cells/cell products that form specific, limited…
epithelial
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways, forms gl…
194 terms
BMS 208 exam 2
bones that are joined together and bon…
term meaning the end of a long bone
term meaning the shaft of a long bone
this type of connective tissue proper(…
articulated/disarticulated
epiphysis
diaphysis
periosteum
bones that are joined together and bon…
articulated/disarticulated
term meaning the end of a long bone
epiphysis
191 terms
BMS 501 Exam 2 - GI
What are the 5 major functions of the…
The lumen of the GI tract is (internal…
Digestion involves what 3 phases?
Describe the general structure of the…
1) Move food through the GI tract... 2) Mechanical/physical bre…
External
1) Secretion... 2) Absorption... 3) Motility
1) Mucosa:... * Composed of epithelium consisting of endocrine a…
What are the 5 major functions of the…
1) Move food through the GI tract... 2) Mechanical/physical bre…
The lumen of the GI tract is (internal…
External
221 terms
Exam 2 for BMS 301
Anterior Longitudinal lig
posterior longitudinal lig
Ligaments Flava
interspinal lig
Broad big that limits extension (continuous)
limits flexion, thin and continuous
Between adjacent lamina, limits lateral flex
not continuous limits flex of the vertebral column. The inter…
Anterior Longitudinal lig
Broad big that limits extension (continuous)
posterior longitudinal lig
limits flexion, thin and continuous
249 terms
BMS 305 Exam 2
Crohn's Disease
fistula
zinc in Crohn's disease
Can patients with Crohn's absorb vitam…
-can occur throughout GI tract, but usually ileum and colon... -…
-abnormal passage between tissues... (between 2 lumens or to the…
-lose zinc due to soaps... -important for wound healing
-not if the ileum is involved because B12 is absorbed in the…
Crohn's Disease
-can occur throughout GI tract, but usually ileum and colon... -…
fistula
-abnormal passage between tissues... (between 2 lumens or to the…
15 terms
BMS 212- Exam 2: Misc.
amino acids
2
1
rRNA
In the Pentose-Phosphate pathway, Erythrose-4-P branches off…
At the end of glycolysis, ___ ATP have been created.
At the end of fermentation, ___ ATP have gen created.
This RNA species had extensive secondary and tertiary structu…
amino acids
In the Pentose-Phosphate pathway, Erythrose-4-P branches off…
2
At the end of glycolysis, ___ ATP have been created.
172 terms
BMS 110-Exam 2
-DNA ➔ mRNA➔ protein
-Reverse Transcriptase
-Sugar molecule (ribose or deoxyribose…
Double Helix
The flow of information is from:
Some viruses can use RNA as a template for the synthesis of D…
Nucleotide three components
DNA nucleotides are arranged to form a______
-DNA ➔ mRNA➔ protein
The flow of information is from:
-Reverse Transcriptase
Some viruses can use RNA as a template for the synthesis of D…
100 terms
BMS Exam 2 Material
knockout
knockins
transgenics
Inner cell mass (ICM)
delete any gene via embryonic stem cells
replace one version of gene with another via embryonic stem c…
add extra copies of any gene ... DNA literally injected into pr…
group of cells at center of the blastocyst - for embryo totip…
knockout
delete any gene via embryonic stem cells
knockins
replace one version of gene with another via embryonic stem c…
BMS 216 exam 2
Autotrophs
Use organic source of carbon
Chemotrophs
Phototrophs
Use inorganic source of cardon CO2
Carbs,proteins,fats are obtained from other organisms
Acquire energy from aerobic respiration and fermentation
Acquire energy from light
Autotrophs
Use inorganic source of cardon CO2
Use organic source of carbon
Carbs,proteins,fats are obtained from other organisms
148 terms
BMS 302 Exam 2
insulin receptors
glycogen
hypoglycemia
hyperglycemia
protein molecule for insulin binding, activates glucose trans…
animal starch, storage form of glucose
low blood sugar
high blood sugar
insulin receptors
protein molecule for insulin binding, activates glucose trans…
glycogen
animal starch, storage form of glucose
47 terms
BMS Exam 2
Enclosure Requirements
Control Heat
Heat Transfer (Conduction)
Heat Transfer (Convection)
- Keep water out... - Control Heat... - Control Vapor Drive... - Preve…
- Enclosure Requirement... - Heat Transfer
- Transfer of heat through materials which touch each other... -…
- Heat traveling through the air... - Control Convection by stop…
Enclosure Requirements
- Keep water out... - Control Heat... - Control Vapor Drive... - Preve…
Control Heat
- Enclosure Requirement... - Heat Transfer
125 terms
BMS 305 Exam 2
C-peptide
the measure of what can help you measu…
Glucagon
example of catecholamines
middle portion cleaved out to activate insulin; happens in se…
C-peptide
synthesized in the alpha cells of the pancreatic islet; relea…
epinephrine & norepinephrine
C-peptide
middle portion cleaved out to activate insulin; happens in se…
the measure of what can help you measu…
C-peptide
226 terms
BMS 302 (Exam 2)
Increased secretion of glucagon leads…
Insulinoma is a disease caused by unco…
Insulin receptors
Glycogen
Gluconeogensis; formation of glucose from amino acids
Increased glycogen's and hypoglycemia.
protein molecule for insulin binding; activates glucose trans…
storage form of glucose; animal starch
Increased secretion of glucagon leads…
Gluconeogensis; formation of glucose from amino acids
Insulinoma is a disease caused by unco…
Increased glycogen's and hypoglycemia.
69 terms
BMS 300 Exam 2
Sensory Input
Sensory Integration
Motor Output
Sensory Neurons
What is the term for information gathered by sensory receptor…
What is the term for processing sensory information that occu…
What is the term for the activation of effector organs (muscl…
What kind of neurons carry incoming sensory input to the brai…
Sensory Input
What is the term for information gathered by sensory receptor…
Sensory Integration
What is the term for processing sensory information that occu…
166 terms
BMS 311 Exam 2
Nonselective Beta-Adrenergic Blocking…
Cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocki…
-ol
-olol
Blocak beta 1 and 2. Propanolol (inderal, innoPran)
Blocks beta 1 only. Also beta 1 in the kidney. Metoprolol (Lo…
Means beta agonist
Means beta blockers and lowers blood presurre.
Nonselective Beta-Adrenergic Blocking…
Blocak beta 1 and 2. Propanolol (inderal, innoPran)
Cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocki…
Blocks beta 1 only. Also beta 1 in the kidney. Metoprolol (Lo…
104 terms
BMS 308 Exam 2
Communication
Extrinsic Regulators
Connexon
Direct Intercellular Communication
key to all regulation
nervous (neurotransmitters) and endocrine (hormones) systems
protein tunnel directly linking neighboring cells
ions and small molecules pass directly from one cell to another
Communication
key to all regulation
Extrinsic Regulators
nervous (neurotransmitters) and endocrine (hormones) systems
404 terms
BMS Exam 2
What is atherosclerosis?
What does artherosclerosis lead to?
What are non modifiable risk factors o…
What are modifiable artherosclerosis a…
Blood vessel buildup w/ plaque making it narrow over time ... Bl…
Poor perfusion to vital organs leading to ischemia
Can't control... Age... Gender... Ethnic background ... Family hx
Can control... Personal habits... Hyperlipidemia... Obesity... Psych vari…
What is atherosclerosis?
Blood vessel buildup w/ plaque making it narrow over time ... Bl…
What does artherosclerosis lead to?
Poor perfusion to vital organs leading to ischemia
82 terms
BMS 300 Exam 2
Sensory Input
Sensory Afferents
Somatic Afferents
Visceral Afferents
-occurs in PNS
carry info towards
sensory neurons that originate in the body
comes from intestines
Sensory Input
-occurs in PNS
Sensory Afferents
carry info towards
BMS 409 Exam 2
4 Steps of Sexual Differentiation in M…
What is the name of the gene located o…
What gene results in the development o…
What gene is located on the X chromoso…
1. Establishment of Chromosomal Sex... 2. Development of Undiffe…
Sry via Sox9 (Results in development of testes and opposes in…
Sry via Sox9 (located on Y gene)
Rspo1 via Wnt4 and beta-catenin
4 Steps of Sexual Differentiation in M…
1. Establishment of Chromosomal Sex... 2. Development of Undiffe…
What is the name of the gene located o…
Sry via Sox9 (Results in development of testes and opposes in…
80 terms
BMS 110 Exam 2
Chromatin
Chromosome
Centrosome
Centriole
DNA and protein (histone) combined
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Contains 2 centrioles
Involved in cell division. Is a small set of microtubules.
Chromatin
DNA and protein (histone) combined
Chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
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