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Study sets matching "bone and cartilage ap"

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Study sets matching "bone and cartilage ap"

36 terms
AP Lab 5: Bones & Cartilage
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
compact bone
spongy bone
bones that lie around body's center of gravity
bones of the limbs or appendages
looks smooth and homogenous
composed of small trabeculae of bone and lots of open space
axial skeleton
bones that lie around body's center of gravity
appendicular skeleton
bones of the limbs or appendages
71 terms
Bone & Cartilage
Bone vs Cartilage
3 Types of Cartilage
Common components of Hyaline cartilage…
Components of Fibrocartilage
bone is vascular... cartilage is avascular
1. Hyaline cartilage... 2. Elastic cartilage (elastin, elastic f…
1. chondroblasts (produces chondrocytes; early cell)... 2. chond…
NO perichondrium (bc in between bones)... 1. Type I and Type II…
Bone vs Cartilage
bone is vascular... cartilage is avascular
3 Types of Cartilage
1. Hyaline cartilage... 2. Elastic cartilage (elastin, elastic f…
30 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Cartilage
Types of Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Consist of: ... Chondrocytes ... Extracellular Matrix ... Adapted to b…
Hyaline ... Elastic ... Fibrocartilage
Homogenous, undefined matrix ... most common... chondrocytes occupy…
Collagen (all types) ... Stain with eosin... Proteoglycans ... Highly…
Cartilage
Consist of: ... Chondrocytes ... Extracellular Matrix ... Adapted to b…
Types of Cartilage
Hyaline ... Elastic ... Fibrocartilage
70 terms
Cartilage and bone
types of cartilage
types of bone
cartilage characterisics
chondroblasts
hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage
spongy and compact
rigid connective tissue ... -more flexible than bone... -semisolid…
produce matrix and surround themselves until trapped in cavit…
types of cartilage
hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage
types of bone
spongy and compact
64 terms
Cartilage & Bone
connective tissue: types
Connective Tissue Proper
Supportive Connective Tissue
Fluid Connective Tissue
-Connective Tissue Proper... -Supportive Connective Tissue... -Flui…
Loose connective tissue, Dense connective tissue
Cartilage, Bone
Blood
connective tissue: types
-Connective Tissue Proper... -Supportive Connective Tissue... -Flui…
Connective Tissue Proper
Loose connective tissue, Dense connective tissue
55 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrous Cartilage
Extracellular Matrix (ECM)
Cushion forces, temporary skeleton. Most common form of carti…
Flexible skeleton
Anchors tendons and forms intervertebral discs.
Consists of collagen, proteoglycans, and proteoglycan aggrega…
Hyaline Cartilage
Cushion forces, temporary skeleton. Most common form of carti…
Elastic Cartilage
Flexible skeleton
42 terms
bone and cartilage, cartilage part
cartilage origin
(T/F) avascular tissue
(T/F) it has perichondrium
(T/F) chondrocyte is locked in lacunae
mesenchyme
T
T
T
cartilage origin
mesenchyme
(T/F) avascular tissue
T
11 terms
cartilage and bone
fibroblast, perichondrium, chondroblas…
elastin fibres, chondrocyte
perichondrium, chondroblasts
arterial(blood vessel), bony matrix, o…
fibroblast, perichondrium, chondroblas…
elastin fibres, chondrocyte
81 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
Lacunae
semi rigid connective tissue that is weaker than bone, but mo…
Cells that produce the matrix of cartilage.
Chondroblasts that have become encased within the matrix they…
the small space that chondrocytes occupy
Cartilage
semi rigid connective tissue that is weaker than bone, but mo…
Chondroblasts
Cells that produce the matrix of cartilage.
20 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Three Types of Cartilage
Hyaline Cartliage consists of
Most common cartilage
What type of collagen fibers in hyaline
Hyaline... Elastic ... Fibrous
Cells, fibers and ground substance
Hyaline
Type II
Three Types of Cartilage
Hyaline... Elastic ... Fibrous
Hyaline Cartliage consists of
Cells, fibers and ground substance
83 terms
Cartilage and Bone
cartilage components
cartilage extracellular matrix
proteoglycans
matrix and water
-chondrocytes (cartilage cells)... -extracellular matrix (surrou…
-collagen fibers... -water... -ground substance (proteoglycans)
hyaluronic acid + core proteins + chondromucoproteins (mucopo…
-negative charge organizes water into stiff colloidal gel... -co…
cartilage components
-chondrocytes (cartilage cells)... -extracellular matrix (surrou…
cartilage extracellular matrix
-collagen fibers... -water... -ground substance (proteoglycans)
67 terms
Cartilage and Bone
2 process of osteogenesis
intramembranous
endochondral
CBFA1/RUNX2
-intramembranous... -endochondral
bone tissue is formed directly in primitive connective tissue…
bone tissue replaces a hyaline cartilage template
regulate mesenchymal cell differentiation into osteoblasts
2 process of osteogenesis
-intramembranous... -endochondral
intramembranous
bone tissue is formed directly in primitive connective tissue…
53 terms
Cartilage and Bone
chondroblasts
chondrocytes
chondroclasts
chondrocyte vs. chondroblast
-capable of division and cartilage matrix production... -make mo…
-do not divide... -maintain cartilage production
-from blood monocytes... -not indigenous to cartilage... -break dow…
-may not be able to tell difference... -look at chromatin patter…
chondroblasts
-capable of division and cartilage matrix production... -make mo…
chondrocytes
-do not divide... -maintain cartilage production
23 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Periochondrium
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
27 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Structure and Composition of Cartilage
Function of Cartilage Cells
Composition of Cartilage Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
- Specialized connective tissue derived from mesenchyme... - Cel…
- Chondroblasts - newly differentiated cells at periphery of…
- Type II Collagen... - GAGs (Hyaluronic acid provides axial lin…
- Presence of isogenic groups... - Pericellular matrix ... * High…
Structure and Composition of Cartilage
- Specialized connective tissue derived from mesenchyme... - Cel…
Function of Cartilage Cells
- Chondroblasts - newly differentiated cells at periphery of…
44 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Collagen types:
Hyaline Proteoglycans
Arthritis
Covers articular surfaces. Found in respiratory tree, the nos…
Collagen type II, fibrillar. Thin and banded on TEM. ... Collag…
Give compressiblity. ... Aggregan (most abundant), large aggreg…
Irreversible destruction of cartilage matrix. Matrix metallop…
Hyaline Cartilage
Covers articular surfaces. Found in respiratory tree, the nos…
Hyaline Collagen types:
Collagen type II, fibrillar. Thin and banded on TEM. ... Collag…
158 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Coronal suture
Sagittal suture
Lambdoid suture
Squamous suture
Top horizontal line of the skull
Top vertical line of the skull
Back middle skull
Curve line on side of skull
Coronal suture
Top horizontal line of the skull
Sagittal suture
Top vertical line of the skull
Cartilage and Bone
Mesenchyme cells are responsible for t…
Cartilage
Bone
Isogenous group
Cartilage Development
Matrix is hydrated + permits diffusion (Avascular)... Interstit…
Calcified matrix with NO diffusion ... ONLY Appositional Growth
Lacunae that contain 2 or more chondrocytes... They undergo cell…
Mesenchyme cells are responsible for t…
Cartilage Development
Cartilage
Matrix is hydrated + permits diffusion (Avascular)... Interstit…
51 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Articular Cartilage
Costal Cartilage
Fibrocartilages
Elastic cartilage
end of bones at movable bone
connects ribs to sternum
located at: ... meniscus... intervertebral joints... pubic symphysis
ear and epiglottis
Articular Cartilage
end of bones at movable bone
Costal Cartilage
connects ribs to sternum
41 terms
cartilage and bone
Cartilage and bone
Cartilage tissue
Bone
Morphology of all cartilage
specialized types of connective tissue that bear weight and g…
avascular, nourishment through diffusion from capillaries and…
is classified as compact or spongy(cancellous) on the basis o…
Perichondrium vascular/innervated covering on all cartilage e…
Cartilage and bone
specialized types of connective tissue that bear weight and g…
Cartilage tissue
avascular, nourishment through diffusion from capillaries and…
109 terms
Cartilage and Bone
cartilage and bone are specialized typ…
like CT proper, cartilage and bone are…
3 types of cartilage occur in the body
classification of cartilage is based on
bear weight and give rigidity
cells, fibers, and ground substance ... mesenchyme tissue
hyaline, elastic, fibrous
predominance of fibers
cartilage and bone are specialized typ…
bear weight and give rigidity
like CT proper, cartilage and bone are…
cells, fibers, and ground substance ... mesenchyme tissue
21 terms
Bone and Cartilage
cartilage
perichondrium
outer fibrous layer and inner chondrog…
outer fibrous layer
specialized CT (predominantly extracellular matrix cells rich…
outer covering, CT that surrounds cartilage, vascular
what are the 2 layers of perichondrium?
layer of perichondrium with dense CT predominant Type 1 colla…
cartilage
specialized CT (predominantly extracellular matrix cells rich…
perichondrium
outer covering, CT that surrounds cartilage, vascular
27 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage
Paired Lacunae-Hyaline
Collagen fiber-Hyaline
Elastic Cartilage
End of joints and bones
Chondrocytes paired in..
Ear lobe- thinner
Hyaline Cartilage
End of joints and bones
Paired Lacunae-Hyaline
Chondrocytes paired in..
49 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Function of Cartilage
Mature Cartilage Characteristics
Cartilage Nutrients
Components of Cartilage
Support
- Avascular... - Aneural ... - Alymphatic
- Blood vessels of surrounding tissue ... - Synovial fluid withi…
- Acellular ... - Cellular
Function of Cartilage
Support
Mature Cartilage Characteristics
- Avascular... - Aneural ... - Alymphatic
37 terms
Cartilage and bone
Function of bone
Cartilage types
Hyaline cartilage
Fibrocartilage
* Support... * Protection... *movement... * mineral storage ( calcium,…
*Hyaline... * Fibrocartilage... *Elastic
Mos abundant, smooth fine matrix
strong, dense matrix of thick collagen fibers
Function of bone
* Support... * Protection... *movement... * mineral storage ( calcium,…
Cartilage types
*Hyaline... * Fibrocartilage... *Elastic
93 terms
Cartilage and Bone
What is the main function of cartilage?
What are secondary functions of cartil…
Is mature cartilage vascularized?
Describe the ECM of cartilage.
Provide support
Shock absorber, long lasting, LIMITED IN REPAIR CAPABILITY, e…
No; mature cartilage is avascular
rich in collagen and elastic fibers as well proteoglycans and…
What is the main function of cartilage?
Provide support
What are secondary functions of cartil…
Shock absorber, long lasting, LIMITED IN REPAIR CAPABILITY, e…
31 terms
Cartilage and Bone
chondroblasts
chondrocytes
lacunae
hemopoiesis
cells that produce the matrix of cartilage
cells are called this once they have become encased in the ma…
small space occupied by cell
process of blood cell production
chondroblasts
cells that produce the matrix of cartilage
chondrocytes
cells are called this once they have become encased in the ma…
46 terms
Cartilage and Bone
skeletal system
cartilage
hyaline cartilage
fibrocartilage
supporting framework for the soft tissues of the body; compos…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
Type of cartilage found in intervertibral disks; high in coll…
skeletal system
supporting framework for the soft tissues of the body; compos…
cartilage
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
81 terms
Cartilage and Bone
ECM
avascular, nerves
Collagen type II, Aggrecan, hyaluronic…
fibers, anionic charge, hydration
Cartilage is a form of connective tissue characterized by cel…
Cartilages are ______________ (blood) and do not have _______…
Composition of the cartilage ECM:... a. ________________ (40% of…
Cartilages are compressible and resilient. These mechanical p…
ECM
Cartilage is a form of connective tissue characterized by cel…
avascular, nerves
Cartilages are ______________ (blood) and do not have _______…
Bone and Cartilage
General properties of cartilage
Functions of cartilage
Composition of cartilage
Around cartilage
Avascular ... Lacks sensation
Support: well adapted to bear weight especially at points of…
60-80% water... 15% collagens (primarily T2)... 9% proteoglycans... 5%…
Most cartilage is surrounded by a dense connective tissue cal…
General properties of cartilage
Avascular ... Lacks sensation
Functions of cartilage
Support: well adapted to bear weight especially at points of…
29 terms
Bone and cartilage
Type 1 - Most abundant type. Usually f…
Loose connective tissue.
This is the layer that lies between th…
Glycosaminoglycans
List the different types of collagen
What kind of tissue is this ?
Describe the basement membrane
What does GAGS stand for ?
Type 1 - Most abundant type. Usually f…
List the different types of collagen
Loose connective tissue.
What kind of tissue is this ?
39 terms
Cartilage and bone
Cartilage and bone
Bones
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
An organ system, Consists of dynamic living tissues organs th…
Serves as major storage compartments for calcium
Found throughout body semi-regid connective tissue not as str…
Produce extracellular matrix
Cartilage and bone
An organ system, Consists of dynamic living tissues organs th…
Bones
Serves as major storage compartments for calcium
30 terms
Bone and Cartilage
206, 270
hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, ela…
compact, 80%
spongy
The adult body has _______ bones, although you are born with…
what are the three kinds of cartilage?
__________ bone is the hard outer layer of bones. Accounts fo…
___________ bone is 20% of total bone mass but ten times the…
206, 270
The adult body has _______ bones, although you are born with…
hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, ela…
what are the three kinds of cartilage?
32 terms
Cartilage and Bone
chondroblasts
cartilage matrix
collagen
elastin
cells that actively produce cartilage matrix (secrete it)
composed of fibers (collagen, elastin) and ground substance -…
40-70% of the organic molecules in cartilage - resist stretch…
found in abundance only in ELASTIC cartilage
chondroblasts
cells that actively produce cartilage matrix (secrete it)
cartilage matrix
composed of fibers (collagen, elastin) and ground substance -…
30 terms
Bone and Cartilage
206, 270
hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, ela…
compact, 80%
spongy
The adult body has _______ bones, although you are born with…
what are the three kinds of cartilage?
__________ bone is the hard outer layer of bones. Accounts fo…
___________ bone is 20% of total bone mass but ten times the…
206, 270
The adult body has _______ bones, although you are born with…
hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, ela…
what are the three kinds of cartilage?
119 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
Bone
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis
Blue
Green
Disorder that wears at the articular cartilage until bone is…
Cartilage
Blue
Bone
Green
25 terms
bone and cartilage
Proteoglycan
Rigidity in Hyaline cartilage
GAGs
Chondronectin
In hyaline cartilage... chondroitin sulfate and keratan sulfate…
dependent on electrostatic interactions of type II collagen a…
composed of many chondroitin-4-sulfate, chondroitin-6-sulfate…
promotes adherence of chondrocyte to matrix
Proteoglycan
In hyaline cartilage... chondroitin sulfate and keratan sulfate…
Rigidity in Hyaline cartilage
dependent on electrostatic interactions of type II collagen a…
59 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Similarities between cartilage and bone
Difference between cartilage and bone
Hyaline cartilage
cartilage stained with toluidine blue
abundance of extracellular matrix... cells inhabit spaces called
cartilage is avascular ~ ~ associated with a lack of blood…
the most common type of cartilage... chondrocyte cells are found…
nuclei stain blue... matrix is a reddish color due to metachroma…
Similarities between cartilage and bone
abundance of extracellular matrix... cells inhabit spaces called
Difference between cartilage and bone
cartilage is avascular ~ ~ associated with a lack of blood…
45 terms
Cartilage and Bone
hyaline cartilage
cartilage
chondrocytes
perichondrium
- it is the most common type of cartilage ... - solid, firm, but…
- a specialized form of connective tissue ... - uniquely special…
- resident cells cartilage ... - responsible for elaborating the…
- the envelope of dense connective tissue surrounding the car…
hyaline cartilage
- it is the most common type of cartilage ... - solid, firm, but…
cartilage
- a specialized form of connective tissue ... - uniquely special…
54 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Chondrocytes
Chondroblasts
Lacuna
Perichondrium
chondroblasts that have become encased in the matrix that the…
the cells that produce the matrix of the cartilage
small space that chondrocytes occupy
layer dense irregular connective tissue around the surface of…
Chondrocytes
chondroblasts that have become encased in the matrix that the…
Chondroblasts
the cells that produce the matrix of the cartilage
25 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Two types of connective tissue
Characteristics of Cartilage
Cartilage 3 types
Hyaline
Connective tissue ... Hyaline cartilage
Avascular ... Surrounded by perichondrium (dense regular tissue)…
Hyaline cartilage... Elastic cartilage... Fibro cartilage
Glass... cartilage delicate fibrils... supports,Epiphyseal plates,…
Two types of connective tissue
Connective tissue ... Hyaline cartilage
Characteristics of Cartilage
Avascular ... Surrounded by perichondrium (dense regular tissue)…
57 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Osteoclast
Osteoclast function
Howship's lacunae
Osteoblasts
-bone resorbing cells... -large, multinuclear (4-20 nuclei)... -org…
-attach to bone surface on periphery of cell in region called…
resorbed area beneath an osteoclast
-bone forming cells; located on bone surface... -secrete unmine…
Osteoclast
-bone resorbing cells... -large, multinuclear (4-20 nuclei)... -org…
Osteoclast function
-attach to bone surface on periphery of cell in region called…
43 terms
Cartilage and Bone
cartilage consists of
when hyaline cartilage is stained with…
hyaline cartilage functions like a sho…
rigidity in cartilage is dependent on
cells (chondrocytes)... ground substance... extracellular fibers... (g…
lacunae (clear areas) around the chondrocytes (slightly darke…
solvation water is bound which interacts with the negatively…
dependent on electrostatic interactions between type II colla…
cartilage consists of
cells (chondrocytes)... ground substance... extracellular fibers... (g…
when hyaline cartilage is stained with…
lacunae (clear areas) around the chondrocytes (slightly darke…
15 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage
Chondrocytes
Perichondrium
Elastic Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Chondrocytes
41 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
hyaline cartilage
hyaline cartilage matrix
chondrocytes
can bear mechanical stresses without permanent distortion, ma…
most common, ventral ends of ribs, tracheal rings, larynx, br…
proteoglycan is aggrecan- 150 GAG side chains of chondroitin…
protein secreting cell, round nucleus w/ diffuse chromatin &…
Cartilage
can bear mechanical stresses without permanent distortion, ma…
hyaline cartilage
most common, ventral ends of ribs, tracheal rings, larynx, br…
80 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
perichondrium
Cartilage is not ______ and ________
Chondroblasts
type of CT. It is a firm, but flexible supporting tissue cont…
dense CT surrounding cartilage that helps resist outer expans…
is not innervated (no nerves) and is avascular
form (build) the cartilage matrix and are located next to per…
Cartilage
type of CT. It is a firm, but flexible supporting tissue cont…
perichondrium
dense CT surrounding cartilage that helps resist outer expans…
46 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
Features of Cartilage
Perichondrium
Chondroblasts
from mesenchymal cells - shock absorbing, bear mechanical str…
AVASCULAR - nutrient acquisition is through diffusion - long…
CT capsule around most cartilage. composed of dense irregular…
derived from mesenchymal cells, found on the surface of the c…
Cartilage
from mesenchymal cells - shock absorbing, bear mechanical str…
Features of Cartilage
AVASCULAR - nutrient acquisition is through diffusion - long…
19 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Elastic Cartilage
What do bones do for us?
- Most abundant... - Surface for joints... - Template for bone grow…
- Collagen fibers... - Tougher than hyaline - absorbs shock... - Re…
- Highly branched elastic fibers... - More give to it... - Flexible…
- Support and protection... - Movement... - Blood formation... - Stora…
Hyaline Cartilage
- Most abundant... - Surface for joints... - Template for bone grow…
Fibrocartilage
- Collagen fibers... - Tougher than hyaline - absorbs shock... - Re…
70 terms
Cartilage and Bone
chondrocyte
chondroblast
aggrecan
hyaline cartilage
mature form of cartilage cell
actively mitotic form of cartilage cell
part of chondroblast that draws in water, hydrophilic
most common type of cartilage, smooth surface, joint surfaces…
chondrocyte
mature form of cartilage cell
chondroblast
actively mitotic form of cartilage cell
101 terms
Cartilage and bone
Cartilage matrix characteristics - 2
Bone matrix characteristics - 2
Bones enlarge via
Cartilage enlarges via
1. deformable (semi-rigid) ... 2. permeable (to water and small…
1. rigid... 2. impermeable (need a blood supply)
appositional growth
interstitial growth
Cartilage matrix characteristics - 2
1. deformable (semi-rigid) ... 2. permeable (to water and small…
Bone matrix characteristics - 2
1. rigid... 2. impermeable (need a blood supply)
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