Study sets matching "bone and cartilage ap"

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Study sets matching "bone and cartilage ap"

36 terms
AP Lab 5: Bones & Cartilage
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
compact bone
spongy bone
bones that lie around body's center of gravity
bones of the limbs or appendages
looks smooth and homogenous
composed of small trabeculae of bone and lots of open space
axial skeleton
bones that lie around body's center of gravity
appendicular skeleton
bones of the limbs or appendages
71 terms
Bone & Cartilage
Bone vs Cartilage
3 Types of Cartilage
Common components of Hyaline cartilage…
Components of Fibrocartilage
bone is vascular... cartilage is avascular
1. Hyaline cartilage... 2. Elastic cartilage (elastin, elastic f…
1. chondroblasts (produces chondrocytes; early cell)... 2. chond…
NO perichondrium (bc in between bones)... 1. Type I and Type II…
Bone vs Cartilage
bone is vascular... cartilage is avascular
3 Types of Cartilage
1. Hyaline cartilage... 2. Elastic cartilage (elastin, elastic f…
30 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Cartilage
Types of Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Consist of: ... Chondrocytes ... Extracellular Matrix ... Adapted to b…
Hyaline ... Elastic ... Fibrocartilage
Homogenous, undefined matrix ... most common... chondrocytes occupy…
Collagen (all types) ... Stain with eosin... Proteoglycans ... Highly…
Cartilage
Consist of: ... Chondrocytes ... Extracellular Matrix ... Adapted to b…
Types of Cartilage
Hyaline ... Elastic ... Fibrocartilage
55 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrous Cartilage
Extracellular Matrix (ECM)
Cushion forces, temporary skeleton. Most common form of carti…
Flexible skeleton
Anchors tendons and forms intervertebral discs.
Consists of collagen, proteoglycans, and proteoglycan aggrega…
Hyaline Cartilage
Cushion forces, temporary skeleton. Most common form of carti…
Elastic Cartilage
Flexible skeleton
64 terms
Cartilage & Bone
connective tissue: types
Connective Tissue Proper
Supportive Connective Tissue
Fluid Connective Tissue
-Connective Tissue Proper... -Supportive Connective Tissue... -Flui…
Loose connective tissue, Dense connective tissue
Cartilage, Bone
Blood
connective tissue: types
-Connective Tissue Proper... -Supportive Connective Tissue... -Flui…
Connective Tissue Proper
Loose connective tissue, Dense connective tissue
109 terms
Cartilage and Bone
cartilage and bone are specialized typ…
like CT proper, cartilage and bone are…
3 types of cartilage occur in the body
classification of cartilage is based on
bear weight and give rigidity
cells, fibers, and ground substance ... mesenchyme tissue
hyaline, elastic, fibrous
predominance of fibers
cartilage and bone are specialized typ…
bear weight and give rigidity
like CT proper, cartilage and bone are…
cells, fibers, and ground substance ... mesenchyme tissue
CARTILAGE and BONE
FUNCTIONS OF BONE
bone is a composite of
what is the function of cartilage in b…
what is the purpose of osteoblasts
1. Support and protection for the body and its organs.... 2. A…
collage and calcium phosphate
-renders high tensile strength and toughness... -resists tearing…
synthesize and secrete bone proteoglycans and collagen I
FUNCTIONS OF BONE
1. Support and protection for the body and its organs.... 2. A…
bone is a composite of
collage and calcium phosphate
Cartilage and Bone
where do chondroblasts, chondrocytes,…
mesenchymal cells
where can mesenchymal cells be found?
unique properties of cartilage
formed from mesenchymal cells
stem cells for connective tissues
they can be found in all connective tissues and in the perich…
a. Cartilage is a firm but flexible supporting tissue contain…
where do chondroblasts, chondrocytes,…
formed from mesenchymal cells
mesenchymal cells
stem cells for connective tissues
50 terms
Cartilage and Bone
206
long bone
spongy bone
red bone marrow
how many bones are in the body?
each (blank) has two epiphysis
what is housed in each epiphysis
what does spongy bone contain?
206
how many bones are in the body?
long bone
each (blank) has two epiphysis
29 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage (Basic Structure)
How is the skeleton formed?
Cartilage (Location)
Types of Cartilage
Contains no nerves or blood vessels... Surrounded by perichondri…
Starts with cartilage and is replaced with bone tissue
Respiratory air tubes... Larynx and epiglottis... Vertebral discs... N…
Chondrocyte... Hyaline Cartilage... Elastic Cartilage... Fibrocartilage
Cartilage (Basic Structure)
Contains no nerves or blood vessels... Surrounded by perichondri…
How is the skeleton formed?
Starts with cartilage and is replaced with bone tissue
21 terms
Bone and Cartilage
cartilage
perichondrium
outer fibrous layer and inner chondrog…
outer fibrous layer
specialized CT (predominantly extracellular matrix cells rich…
outer covering, CT that surrounds cartilage, vascular
what are the 2 layers of perichondrium?
layer of perichondrium with dense CT predominant Type 1 colla…
cartilage
specialized CT (predominantly extracellular matrix cells rich…
perichondrium
outer covering, CT that surrounds cartilage, vascular
Cartilage and Bone
skeletal system
cartilage
hyaline cartilage
fibrocartilage
supporting framework for the soft tissues of the body; compos…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
Type of cartilage found in intervertibral disks; high in coll…
skeletal system
supporting framework for the soft tissues of the body; compos…
cartilage
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
81 terms
Cartilage and Bone
ECM
avascular, nerves
Collagen type II, Aggrecan, hyaluronic…
fibers, anionic charge, hydration
Cartilage is a form of connective tissue characterized by cel…
Cartilages are ______________ (blood) and do not have _______…
Composition of the cartilage ECM:... a. ________________ (40% of…
Cartilages are compressible and resilient. These mechanical p…
ECM
Cartilage is a form of connective tissue characterized by cel…
avascular, nerves
Cartilages are ______________ (blood) and do not have _______…
138 terms
Bone and Cartilage
fibrils
Type 1
Type 2
Type 3
collagen fibers are composed of packed _______
type of collagen that is the most abundant in the body; preva…
type of collagen that forms thin fibrils and is found primari…
type of collagen that is the major component of reticular fib…
fibrils
collagen fibers are composed of packed _______
Type 1
type of collagen that is the most abundant in the body; preva…
20 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Three Types of Cartilage
Hyaline Cartliage consists of
Most common cartilage
What type of collagen fibers in hyaline
Hyaline... Elastic ... Fibrous
Cells, fibers and ground substance
Hyaline
Type II
Three Types of Cartilage
Hyaline... Elastic ... Fibrous
Hyaline Cartliage consists of
Cells, fibers and ground substance
59 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Similarities between cartilage and bone
Difference between cartilage and bone
Hyaline cartilage
cartilage stained with toluidine blue
abundance of extracellular matrix... cells inhabit spaces called
cartilage is avascular ~ ~ associated with a lack of blood…
the most common type of cartilage... chondrocyte cells are found…
nuclei stain blue... matrix is a reddish color due to metachroma…
Similarities between cartilage and bone
abundance of extracellular matrix... cells inhabit spaces called
Difference between cartilage and bone
cartilage is avascular ~ ~ associated with a lack of blood…
40 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Three types of Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
1. Hyaline Cartilage... 2. Fibrocartilage... 3. Elastic Cartilage
-weak... -common... -looks clear... - covers trachea, larynx, ribs, en…
-chondrocyte... -chondroblast... -lacuna... *looks like inside pomegra…
-durable... -shock absorber... -visible fiber in irregular bundles…
Three types of Cartilage
1. Hyaline Cartilage... 2. Fibrocartilage... 3. Elastic Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
-weak... -common... -looks clear... - covers trachea, larynx, ribs, en…
Bone and Cartilage
Two types of connective tissue
Characteristics of Cartilage
Cartilage 3 types
Hyaline
Connective tissue ... Hyaline cartilage
Avascular ... Surrounded by perichondrium (dense regular tissue)…
Hyaline cartilage... Elastic cartilage... Fibro cartilage
Glass... cartilage delicate fibrils... supports,Epiphyseal plates,…
Two types of connective tissue
Connective tissue ... Hyaline cartilage
Characteristics of Cartilage
Avascular ... Surrounded by perichondrium (dense regular tissue)…
31 terms
Cartilage and Bone
chondroblasts
chondrocytes
lacunae
hemopoiesis
cells that produce the matrix of cartilage
cells are called this once they have become encased in the ma…
small space occupied by cell
process of blood cell production
chondroblasts
cells that produce the matrix of cartilage
chondrocytes
cells are called this once they have become encased in the ma…
39 terms
Cartilage and bone
Cartilage and bone
Bones
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
An organ system, Consists of dynamic living tissues organs th…
Serves as major storage compartments for calcium
Found throughout body semi-regid connective tissue not as str…
Produce extracellular matrix
Cartilage and bone
An organ system, Consists of dynamic living tissues organs th…
Bones
Serves as major storage compartments for calcium
Cartilage and bone
Function of bone
Cartilage types
Hyaline cartilage
Fibrocartilage
* Support... * Protection... *movement... * mineral storage ( calcium,…
*Hyaline... * Fibrocartilage... *Elastic
Mos abundant, smooth fine matrix
strong, dense matrix of thick collagen fibers
Function of bone
* Support... * Protection... *movement... * mineral storage ( calcium,…
Cartilage types
*Hyaline... * Fibrocartilage... *Elastic
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
hyaline cartilage
hyaline cartilage matrix
chondrocytes
can bear mechanical stresses without permanent distortion, ma…
most common, ventral ends of ribs, tracheal rings, larynx, br…
proteoglycan is aggrecan- 150 GAG side chains of chondroitin…
protein secreting cell, round nucleus w/ diffuse chromatin &…
Cartilage
can bear mechanical stresses without permanent distortion, ma…
hyaline cartilage
most common, ventral ends of ribs, tracheal rings, larynx, br…
Cartilage and Bone
chondroblasts
chondrocytes
chondroclasts
chondrocyte vs. chondroblast
-capable of division and cartilage matrix production... -make mo…
-do not divide... -maintain cartilage production
-from blood monocytes... -not indigenous to cartilage... -break dow…
-may not be able to tell difference... -look at chromatin patter…
chondroblasts
-capable of division and cartilage matrix production... -make mo…
chondrocytes
-do not divide... -maintain cartilage production
Bone and Cartilage
General properties of cartilage
Functions of cartilage
Composition of cartilage
Around cartilage
Avascular ... Lacks sensation
Support: well adapted to bear weight especially at points of…
60-80% water... 15% collagens (primarily T2)... 9% proteoglycans... 5%…
Most cartilage is surrounded by a dense connective tissue cal…
General properties of cartilage
Avascular ... Lacks sensation
Functions of cartilage
Support: well adapted to bear weight especially at points of…
Cartilage and Bone
Bone
Cartilage
Function of Bone
Bone Marrow
hard, dense connective tissue that forms most of the adult sk…
semi-regid form of connective tissue that provides flexibilit…
Facilitate Movement... Protect Organs... Support the Body
softer connective tissue that fills the interior of most bone
Bone
hard, dense connective tissue that forms most of the adult sk…
Cartilage
semi-regid form of connective tissue that provides flexibilit…
Cartilage and Bone
cartilage components
cartilage extracellular matrix
proteoglycans
matrix and water
-chondrocytes (cartilage cells)... -extracellular matrix (surrou…
-collagen fibers... -water... -ground substance (proteoglycans)
hyaluronic acid + core proteins + chondromucoproteins (mucopo…
-negative charge organizes water into stiff colloidal gel... -co…
cartilage components
-chondrocytes (cartilage cells)... -extracellular matrix (surrou…
cartilage extracellular matrix
-collagen fibers... -water... -ground substance (proteoglycans)
Bone and Cartilage
Structure and Composition of Cartilage
Function of Cartilage Cells
Composition of Cartilage Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
- Specialized connective tissue derived from mesenchyme... - Cel…
- Chondroblasts - newly differentiated cells at periphery of…
- Type II Collagen... - GAGs (Hyaluronic acid provides axial lin…
- Presence of isogenic groups... - Pericellular matrix ... * High…
Structure and Composition of Cartilage
- Specialized connective tissue derived from mesenchyme... - Cel…
Function of Cartilage Cells
- Chondroblasts - newly differentiated cells at periphery of…
45 terms
Cartilage and Bone
hyaline cartilage
cartilage
chondrocytes
perichondrium
- it is the most common type of cartilage ... - solid, firm, but…
- a specialized form of connective tissue ... - uniquely special…
- resident cells cartilage ... - responsible for elaborating the…
- the envelope of dense connective tissue surrounding the car…
hyaline cartilage
- it is the most common type of cartilage ... - solid, firm, but…
cartilage
- a specialized form of connective tissue ... - uniquely special…
54 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Chondrocytes
Chondroblasts
Lacuna
Perichondrium
chondroblasts that have become encased in the matrix that the…
the cells that produce the matrix of the cartilage
small space that chondrocytes occupy
layer dense irregular connective tissue around the surface of…
Chondrocytes
chondroblasts that have become encased in the matrix that the…
Chondroblasts
the cells that produce the matrix of the cartilage
57 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Osteoclast
Osteoclast function
Howship's lacunae
Osteoblasts
-bone resorbing cells... -large, multinuclear (4-20 nuclei)... -org…
-attach to bone surface on periphery of cell in region called…
resorbed area beneath an osteoclast
-bone forming cells; located on bone surface... -secrete unmine…
Osteoclast
-bone resorbing cells... -large, multinuclear (4-20 nuclei)... -org…
Osteoclast function
-attach to bone surface on periphery of cell in region called…
15 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage
Chondrocytes
Perichondrium
Elastic Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Chondrocytes
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage
Hyaline Collagen types:
Hyaline Proteoglycans
Arthritis
Covers articular surfaces. Found in respiratory tree, the nos…
Collagen type II, fibrillar. Thin and banded on TEM. ... Collag…
Give compressiblity. ... Aggregan (most abundant), large aggreg…
Irreversible destruction of cartilage matrix. Matrix metallop…
Hyaline Cartilage
Covers articular surfaces. Found in respiratory tree, the nos…
Hyaline Collagen types:
Collagen type II, fibrillar. Thin and banded on TEM. ... Collag…
46 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
Features of Cartilage
Perichondrium
Chondroblasts
from mesenchymal cells - shock absorbing, bear mechanical str…
AVASCULAR - nutrient acquisition is through diffusion - long…
CT capsule around most cartilage. composed of dense irregular…
derived from mesenchymal cells, found on the surface of the c…
Cartilage
from mesenchymal cells - shock absorbing, bear mechanical str…
Features of Cartilage
AVASCULAR - nutrient acquisition is through diffusion - long…
158 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Coronal suture
Sagittal suture
Lambdoid suture
Squamous suture
Top horizontal line of the skull
Top vertical line of the skull
Back middle skull
Curve line on side of skull
Coronal suture
Top horizontal line of the skull
Sagittal suture
Top vertical line of the skull
80 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Cartilage
perichondrium
Cartilage is not ______ and ________
Chondroblasts
type of CT. It is a firm, but flexible supporting tissue cont…
dense CT surrounding cartilage that helps resist outer expans…
is not innervated (no nerves) and is avascular
form (build) the cartilage matrix and are located next to per…
Cartilage
type of CT. It is a firm, but flexible supporting tissue cont…
perichondrium
dense CT surrounding cartilage that helps resist outer expans…
30 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Chondroblasts make
Three types of cartilage
Ground substance is more predominant in
Fibrous matrix is more predominant in
cartilage
1. Hyaline 2. Elastic 3. Fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage and elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
Chondroblasts make
cartilage
Three types of cartilage
1. Hyaline 2. Elastic 3. Fibrocartilage
70 terms
Cartilage and Bone
chondrocyte
chondroblast
aggrecan
hyaline cartilage
mature form of cartilage cell
actively mitotic form of cartilage cell
part of chondroblast that draws in water, hydrophilic
most common type of cartilage, smooth surface, joint surfaces…
chondrocyte
mature form of cartilage cell
chondroblast
actively mitotic form of cartilage cell
37 terms
Bone and Cartilage
Functions of Bone (3)
Compact bone (cortical/dense)
Spongy bone (trabecular/cancellous)
Bone extracellular matrix is composed…
1. Movement/ Maintenance of posture & protection against dama…
the hard outer layer of bones (account for 80% of bone mass)
20% of total bone mass but has nearly 10 times the SA of comp…
Type I collagen;... calcium hydroxyapatite (HA)
Functions of Bone (3)
1. Movement/ Maintenance of posture & protection against dama…
Compact bone (cortical/dense)
the hard outer layer of bones (account for 80% of bone mass)
Cartilage and bone
Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage location
Hyaline cartilage composition
Territorial/capsular zone
Ecm enriched with gag and proteoglycans. Firm consistency whi…
Temporary skeleton in embryo. Located in articular surfaces o…
Primarily coll type 2. Proteoglycan aggregates interact with…
Matrix rich in gag and poor in collagen surrounding each chon…
Cartilage
Ecm enriched with gag and proteoglycans. Firm consistency whi…
Hyaline cartilage location
Temporary skeleton in embryo. Located in articular surfaces o…
30 terms
Cartilage and Bone
three types
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrous Cartilage
Hyaline... Elastic... Fibrous
three types
Hyaline... Elastic... Fibrous
Hyaline Cartilage
Cartilage and Bone
Skeleton
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
Functions of Cartilage
Supporting framework for soft tissues of the body.
Cells that produce the matrix of cartilage.
Cells encased within matrix that are produced and secreted.
Supporting soft tissues.... Provide a gliding surface.... Provide a…
Skeleton
Supporting framework for soft tissues of the body.
Chondroblasts
Cells that produce the matrix of cartilage.
Cartilage and Bone
Elastic Cartilage
fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage
isogenous group
extracellular matrix contains elastic fibers... matrix not smoot…
highly specialized to resist tensile forces and compressive f…
c-rings that encircle the trachea... resists compression, reduce…
groups of more than one chondrocyte in a lacunae... more than on…
Elastic Cartilage
extracellular matrix contains elastic fibers... matrix not smoot…
fibrocartilage
highly specialized to resist tensile forces and compressive f…
Bone and Cartilage
Tuberosity
crest
trochanter
line
large rounded projection;may be roughed
narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process
narrow ridge of bone;less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
large rounded projection;may be roughed
crest
narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Bone and Cartilage
cartilage
ex's of cartilage in adults
articular surface of joints
components of cartialge
a special type of connective tissue made of CHONDROCYTES (cel…
trachea, respiratory system, anterior ends of ribs, articular…
1. Matrix... 2. Connective tissue lining, aka perichondrium... 3. C…
cartilage
a special type of connective tissue made of CHONDROCYTES (cel…
ex's of cartilage in adults
trachea, respiratory system, anterior ends of ribs, articular…
Cartilage and Bone
Mesenchyme cells are responsible for t…
Cartilage
Bone
Isogenous group
Cartilage Development
Matrix is hydrated + permits diffusion (Avascular)... Interstit…
Calcified matrix with NO diffusion ... ONLY Appositional Growth
Lacunae that contain 2 or more chondrocytes... They undergo cell…
Mesenchyme cells are responsible for t…
Cartilage Development
Cartilage
Matrix is hydrated + permits diffusion (Avascular)... Interstit…
42 terms
bone and cartilage, cartilage part
cartilage origin
(T/F) avascular tissue
(T/F) it has perichondrium
(T/F) chondrocyte is locked in lacunae
mesenchyme
T
T
T
cartilage origin
mesenchyme
(T/F) avascular tissue
T
Cartilage and Bone
Hyaline Cartilage function
Hyaline Cartilage location
Fibrocartilage function
Fibrocartilage location
allows growth of long bones, provides rigidity with some flex…
tip of the nose, ends of most long bones, ribs
capable of withstanding considerable pressure
places of high stress, intervertebral disks and meniscus of t…
Hyaline Cartilage function
allows growth of long bones, provides rigidity with some flex…
Hyaline Cartilage location
tip of the nose, ends of most long bones, ribs
93 terms
Cartilage and Bone
What is the main function of cartilage?
What are secondary functions of cartil…
Is mature cartilage vascularized?
Describe the ECM of cartilage.
Provide support
Shock absorber, long lasting, LIMITED IN REPAIR CAPABILITY, e…
No; mature cartilage is avascular
rich in collagen and elastic fibers as well proteoglycans and…
What is the main function of cartilage?
Provide support
What are secondary functions of cartil…
Shock absorber, long lasting, LIMITED IN REPAIR CAPABILITY, e…
40 terms
Cartilage and Bone
3 types of cartilage
arthritis
osteoarthritis (OA)
rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
hyaline... elastic... fibrocartilage
inflammation of joints due to degeneration of articular carti…
typical "wear and tear" or injury... erosion of articular cartil…
autoimmune inflammatory disease that results in progressive d…
3 types of cartilage
hyaline... elastic... fibrocartilage
arthritis
inflammation of joints due to degeneration of articular carti…
49 terms
Cartilage and Bone
Chondroblasts
Chondrocyte
Lacunae
Isogenous groups
cartilage progenitor cells which produce the cartilage matrix
a cell that has secreted the matrix of cartilage and become e…
matrix cavity in cartilage and bone
All cells from mitotic division of same cell in cartilage
Chondroblasts
cartilage progenitor cells which produce the cartilage matrix
Chondrocyte
a cell that has secreted the matrix of cartilage and become e…
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