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24 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Elements
Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
Molecules that contain carbon
Molecules consisting of sugar and chains of sugars.
Fatty acids
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
Organic Molecules
Molecules that contain carbon
28 terms
Botany Chapter 2
alpha glucose
beta glucose
A proton & neutron weigh
C, H, O, N
1.7 x 10^-24 grams.
makes up 96% of living material.
alpha glucose
beta glucose
34 terms
Botany - chapter 2
Vegetative organs
Reproductive organs
Angiosperm reproduction
Epidermis
Responsible for obtaining energy and material for growth and…
Ferns have foliage that produce sporangia on their underside…
- reproductive shoot; short stem with leaf-like structures... -…
- protects body from bacteria and fungi ... - inhibits water fro…
Vegetative organs
Responsible for obtaining energy and material for growth and…
Reproductive organs
Ferns have foliage that produce sporangia on their underside…
15 terms
Connection: Apologia Botany Chapter 2
Dormant
Seedling
Embryo
Testa
Inactive, at rest.
A young plant that grows from a seed.
The baby plant in every seed.
The outer shell or coat of a seed.
Dormant
Inactive, at rest.
Seedling
A young plant that grows from a seed.
36 terms
Chapter 2 Botany MTMC
Carbohydrates Types
Subunits-Monosaccharides
Subunits- Disaccharides
Subunits- Polysaccharides
Monosaccharides (glucose)... Disaccharides (sucrose)... Polysacchar…
Monosaccharide
Two monosaccharides
Many monosaccharides ... Starch-Glycogen-Cellulose-Chitin
Carbohydrates Types
Monosaccharides (glucose)... Disaccharides (sucrose)... Polysacchar…
Subunits-Monosaccharides
Monosaccharide
10 terms
Botany Vocab Chapter 2
Adenosine triphosphate
Calvin Cycle
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
One of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
Reacts of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH i…
Organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Principle pigment of plants and other photosynthesis organism…
Adenosine triphosphate
One of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
Calvin Cycle
Reacts of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH i…
15 terms
Apologia Botany Chapter 2
Dormant
Seedling
Embryo
Testa
Inactive, at rest.
A young plant that grows from a seed.
The baby plant in every seed.
The outer shell or coat of a seed.
Dormant
Inactive, at rest.
Seedling
A young plant that grows from a seed.
Botany Vocab Chapter 2
cell
growth
reproduction
callose
structural units of living organisms
an increase in mass and volume
the development of new individual organisms through either se…
a complex carbohydrate that develops in the sieve tubes follo…
cell
structural units of living organisms
growth
an increase in mass and volume
53 terms
Botany Chapter 2
acids vs. bases
amino acids
anions vs. cations
carbohydrates
acid - substance that can donate a hydrogen ion; typically so…
an acid containing the group NH2; one of the building blocks…
anion - a negative ion... cation - a positive ion
a food composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with the gen…
acids vs. bases
acid - substance that can donate a hydrogen ion; typically so…
amino acids
an acid containing the group NH2; one of the building blocks…
16 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Biology
Kingdom
Domain
Bryophytes
The scientific study of life.
A broad taxonomic category made up of related phyla; many bio…
A taxonomic category that includes one or more kingdoms. (Bac…
Mosses and liverwarts; short, under one meter, no true roots,…
Biology
The scientific study of life.
Kingdom
A broad taxonomic category made up of related phyla; many bio…
17 terms
Chapter 2 Botany
Placentation
Double Fertilization
Apical Dominance
Aggregate Fruit
arrangement of ovules in ovary
this is unique to flowering plants; this occurs when 1 sperm…
This is caused by the release of auxins in a plant; the hormo…
It is a fruit that develops from one flower but with several…
Placentation
arrangement of ovules in ovary
Double Fertilization
this is unique to flowering plants; this occurs when 1 sperm…
29 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell membrane(PA)
nucleus with chromosomes(PA)
small, circular chromosome
larger, linear chromosomes, nucleus, membrane enclosed organe…
regulate passage if materials in and out of cells
store genetic info, transcription of genes
Prokaryote
small, circular chromosome
Eukaryote
larger, linear chromosomes, nucleus, membrane enclosed organe…
45 terms
CHAPTER 2 BOTANY
Elements
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Smallest possible particle of an element that still retains t…
Positive charge
Uncharged
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Atom
Smallest possible particle of an element that still retains t…
27 terms
Systematic Botany Chapter 2
Parsimony
Sporophyll
Ancestral
Apomorphy
based on the principle of Occam's razor; the simplest answer…
a modified leaf that produces spores and therefore functions…
describing the more ancient or primative character state, ple…
a derived character 'away or apart' from the ancestral charac…
Parsimony
based on the principle of Occam's razor; the simplest answer…
Sporophyll
a modified leaf that produces spores and therefore functions…
17 terms
Botany Chapter 2
ethnobotany
economic botany
Mineral crystals
domestication
the scientific study of the uses of plants by people in the p…
the study of ways plants are used by modern industrialized so…
also known as "plant stones" or phytoliths, which are produce…
evolutionary process, guided by humans, that results in crop…
ethnobotany
the scientific study of the uses of plants by people in the p…
economic botany
the study of ways plants are used by modern industrialized so…
31 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Stem, Leaves, Root, Flower
They are found on the stem of the plan…
"Dicots" which have broad leaves and... "…
Meristems are groups of specialized ce…
What are the 4 primary plant organs?
Where do we find nodes, internodes and axillary buds? What ar…
What are the 2 major groups of flowering plants? How are thei…
What are meristems? Where do these commonly occur in a shoot?
Stem, Leaves, Root, Flower
What are the 4 primary plant organs?
They are found on the stem of the plan…
Where do we find nodes, internodes and axillary buds? What ar…
40 terms
Botany Chapter 2: Plant Metabolites
Morphine
Cocaine
Caffeine
Nicotine
alkaloid, poppy fruit, pain reliever
alkaloid, coca leaf, stimulant
alkaloid, coffee bean, stimulant, allelopathy
alkaloid, tobacco leaf, stimulant
Morphine
alkaloid, poppy fruit, pain reliever
Cocaine
alkaloid, coca leaf, stimulant
32 terms
Medicinal Botany Chapter 2
pharmaceutical name of devil's claw
genus species name of devil's claw
whole plant
aerial parts
harpagophyti radix
harpagophytum procumbens
herba tota
herba
pharmaceutical name of devil's claw
harpagophyti radix
genus species name of devil's claw
harpagophytum procumbens
20 terms
Botany Chapter 2
aloe
Ethnobotany
Economic botany
Phytoliths
an asparagus relative that is native to Africa, has been know…
the scientific study of past human uses of plants or present-…
concerned with the use of plants by modern industrialized soc…
helpful in identifying ancient practices of agriculture, "pla…
aloe
an asparagus relative that is native to Africa, has been know…
Ethnobotany
the scientific study of past human uses of plants or present-…
8 terms
Botany Chapter 2 Quiz
Vascular plants
Non vascular plants
Angiosperm
Gymnosperm
Has Xylem and Phloem, strong root structure to bring water up
Must live near water, does not have a xylem and phloem, weak…
A plant that flowers and has seeds that develop within an ovary
Does not flower, seeds are not enclosed by an ovary
Vascular plants
Has Xylem and Phloem, strong root structure to bring water up
Non vascular plants
Must live near water, does not have a xylem and phloem, weak…
17 terms
Botany - Chapter 2
Botony
Bryophyta
Pteridophyta
Gymnosperms
the scientific study of plants
mosses, liverworts, hornworts
ferns and fern allies
conifers and allies
Botony
the scientific study of plants
Bryophyta
mosses, liverworts, hornworts
21 terms
Botany Chapter 2- Comp of Plant Cells
Organic Molecules
Polysaccharides
Amino Acids
Nucleotides
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Many carbohydrates
Many proteins
Many nucleic acids
Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Polysaccharides
Many carbohydrates
45 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Atoms
One type of matter
Isotopes
Protons and Neutrons
The smallest units that retain the chemical characteristics o…
An element is formed from ---
An element consisting of atoms that differ in their number of…
The nucleus of an atom contains----
Atoms
The smallest units that retain the chemical characteristics o…
One type of matter
An element is formed from ---
28 terms
Chapter 2 Botany Test
Betel quid (CaOH)
Nicotiana
Ethanol: Drinking Alcohol
Aspergillus
Areca catechu+Piper betle+calcium hydroxide... Raises pH... incre…
Increased Cancer Risk (Lung)
Made from yeast fermentation of plant sugars... Increased Cance…
Aflatoxin... food stored in warm, damp conditions... corn and pea…
Betel quid (CaOH)
Areca catechu+Piper betle+calcium hydroxide... Raises pH... incre…
Nicotiana
Increased Cancer Risk (Lung)
59 terms
Botany Chapter 2 Vocab
elements
organic molecules
carbohydrates
lipids
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
molecules that contain carbon
molecules consisting of sugars and chains of sugars
molecules of which most of contain fatty acids
elements
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
organic molecules
molecules that contain carbon
88 terms
Chapter 2 Botany Vocabulary
Elements
Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
A substance composed of only one kind of atom; one of more th…
A molecule of the kind normally found in living systems
An organic compound consisting of a chain of carbon atoms to…
One of a large variety of nonpolar organic molecules tat are…
Elements
A substance composed of only one kind of atom; one of more th…
Organic Molecules
A molecule of the kind normally found in living systems
29 terms
Chapter 2 Botany
Common Features of Plant and Animal Ce…
Cell membrane
nucleus with chromosomes
RIbsomes, Golgi, and ER
cell membrane, nucleus with chromosomes, ribosomes, Golgi app…
regulate passage of materials in and out
store genetic information, transcriptions of genes
protein synthesis, transport, and secretion
Common Features of Plant and Animal Ce…
cell membrane, nucleus with chromosomes, ribosomes, Golgi app…
Cell membrane
regulate passage of materials in and out
22 terms
Botany chapter 2
Attributes of living organisims
Atomic number
Atomic mass
electron shells
growth, reproduction, metabolism, movement, environmental ada…
protons
neutrons and protons
energy levels of an atom
Attributes of living organisims
growth, reproduction, metabolism, movement, environmental ada…
Atomic number
protons
13 terms
Chapter 2 Botany
Element
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
sugars and chains of sugars
contain fatty acids
composed of amino acids
Element
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
carbohydrates
sugars and chains of sugars
20 terms
Botany Chapter 2
4 main types of organic molecules
composed of simple sugars (glyceraldeh…
have polymers (many linked sugars) con…
mostly C and H and hydrophobic
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleotides/ nucleic acids
carbohydrates
carbohydrates
lipids
4 main types of organic molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleotides/ nucleic acids
composed of simple sugars (glyceraldeh…
carbohydrates
26 terms
chapter 2 botany
history of cell theory
cell theory
difference between prokaryotic and euk…
Eukaryotic
cells were discovered by robert hooke
1. all organisms consist of cells 2. cells are the basic unit…
(bacteria and archaea) cells lack membrane bound nucleus, cyt…
...
history of cell theory
cells were discovered by robert hooke
cell theory
1. all organisms consist of cells 2. cells are the basic unit…
29 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Atom
Element
Neutrons
C14
Basic unit of matter, smallest unit of an element. Net charge…
Defined by number of protons/can't be broken down or converte…
Cann vary within an element creating isotopes
Allows us to look at organic decayed material to determine ho…
Atom
Basic unit of matter, smallest unit of an element. Net charge…
Element
Defined by number of protons/can't be broken down or converte…
40 terms
Medicinal Botany - Chapter 2
Devil's Claw
Africa
roots
harpago
What is Harpagophytum procumbens?
What is the origin of the Devil's Claw plant?
What part of Devil's claw was used to reduce lower back pain…
What part of Harpagophytum procumbens means "close to ground"?
Devil's Claw
What is Harpagophytum procumbens?
Africa
What is the origin of the Devil's Claw plant?
40 terms
Medicinal Botany Chapter 2
What parts of plants generally contain…
Example of plants where one part is ok…
Opium seeds vs latex properties
So there is not confusion in the offic…
Leaves, roots, bark, fruits, or seeds
Elderberry (fruits vs leaves)... Opium (Seeds vs latex)
more than 20 chemical compounds accumulate in latex and give…
Latin names of pharmaceutical names of plants and plant parts
What parts of plants generally contain…
Leaves, roots, bark, fruits, or seeds
Example of plants where one part is ok…
Elderberry (fruits vs leaves)... Opium (Seeds vs latex)
46 terms
Botany Chapter 2
Which fiber is used to make linens and…
Which structure in a plant cell contai…
What is a more common name for seconda…
Which tissues are responsible for stor…
flax
vacuole
wood
parenchyma
Which fiber is used to make linens and…
flax
Which structure in a plant cell contai…
vacuole
34 terms
Botany Quiz 1 (Chapter 2)
What are the 3 main functions of cell…
What are plant cell walls the largest…
What is the primary cell wall composed…
What is the polysaccharide matrix made…
1. Regulates cell volume ... 2. Determines cell shape ... 3. Protec…
Carbon
Cellulose microfibrils in a polysaccharide matrix
Cellulose - 25%... Pectins - 35%... Hemicelluloses - 25%... Structural…
What are the 3 main functions of cell…
1. Regulates cell volume ... 2. Determines cell shape ... 3. Protec…
What are plant cell walls the largest…
Carbon
23 terms
Medicinal Botany Chapter 2
Devils Claw
Africa
dried/sliced ROOTS (radix)
Harpago
What is Harpagophytum procumbens?
What is the origin of the Devil's Claw plant?
What part of Devil's claw was used to reduce lower back pain…
What part of Harpagophytum procumbens means "close to ground"?
Devils Claw
What is Harpagophytum procumbens?
Africa
What is the origin of the Devil's Claw plant?
32 terms
Botany: Chapter 2
Respiration
Digestion
Assimilation
Molecules
Energy releasing process that takes place in all living things
The conversion of large or insoluble food molecules to smalle…
The conversion of raw materials into cytoplasm and other cell…
The smallest unit of an element or compound retaining it's ow…
Respiration
Energy releasing process that takes place in all living things
Digestion
The conversion of large or insoluble food molecules to smalle…
34 terms
Chapter 2 Botany in Nutshell
Botany:
Botane:
Major Plant Groups
Non-Vascular Plants (Bryophytes)
Study of plants and plant life
Plant/herb
1) Non-vascular plants... 2) Seedless Vascular Plants... 3) Gymnosp…
Plants without vascular tissue, small in size, usually locate…
Botany:
Study of plants and plant life
Botane:
Plant/herb
26 terms
Botany Science -Chapter 2 guide
What is a seed?
A seed is a baby plant with a protecti…
What the testa?
What is a hilium?
a baby plant
True or False?
it is the seed coat
is the seeds belly button
What is a seed?
a baby plant
A seed is a baby plant with a protecti…
True or False?
49 terms
Botany Chapter 2 & 3
Thermoregulation
Ectotherm
Endotherm
Regulation of body heat for reptiles:
ability to regulate body temperature
reply on environment to heat body
internal ability to generate heat
sunning- laying out to absorb heat from sunlight as well as h…
Thermoregulation
ability to regulate body temperature
Ectotherm
reply on environment to heat body
89 terms
Botany Chapter 2 quiz
Attributes of living organisms
Cells
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Composition and Structure, Growth, Reproduction, Response to…
Structural unit of an organism
Interior cell matrix
Houses genetic material (DNA) suspended in cytoplasm; the con…
Attributes of living organisms
Composition and Structure, Growth, Reproduction, Response to…
Cells
Structural unit of an organism
30 terms
Botany Chapter 2 Test
What are the three functions of roots?
What are the two main types of roots?
What three ways do roots slow down ero…
What type of tissue are root hairs?
Anchorage, storage, absorption/conduction
Taproots and fibrous/adventitious roots
Absorb water, hold together soil, line channels
Dermal tissue
What are the three functions of roots?
Anchorage, storage, absorption/conduction
What are the two main types of roots?
Taproots and fibrous/adventitious roots
26 terms
chapter 2 botany part 2
Cytosol
Organelles
Protoplasm
Nucleus
fluid within the cytoplasm containing organelles
membrane bound structures of various shapes and sizes with sp…
Everything inside plasma membrane
control center of cell, contains DNA
Cytosol
fluid within the cytoplasm containing organelles
Organelles
membrane bound structures of various shapes and sizes with sp…
74 terms
Botany Chapter 2 Test
When were cells first studied?
Who first perfected the microscope?
Who was the first to observe cells wal…
Who discovered the nucleus? When?
the 1500s
van Leeuwenhoek
van Leeuwenhoek, 1665
Robert Brown, 1830
When were cells first studied?
the 1500s
Who first perfected the microscope?
van Leeuwenhoek
13 terms
Chapter 2 Botany BYUI
spectral range of solar radiation from…
Two parts of Photosynthesis light-depe…
What does the light depend reactions r…
What does the light dependent reaction…
PAR
light-dependent, Calvin
light
ATP and NADPH
spectral range of solar radiation from…
PAR
Two parts of Photosynthesis light-depe…
light-dependent, Calvin
24 terms
Botany Ch2
cell thoery
organelles
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
cell is basic unit of life, all cells come from pre-existing…
"little organ", in eukaryote that help control the movement o…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
controls movement of water, gases, and nutrients into and out…
cell thoery
cell is basic unit of life, all cells come from pre-existing…
organelles
"little organ", in eukaryote that help control the movement o…
68 terms
Ethnobotany Chapter 2 Botany in a Nutshell
What is botany?
Where does botany derive from?
How do plants sustain life on earth?
What are four major groups of plants?
The study of plants and plant life
Greek word botane-plant or herb
photosynthesis
angiosperms, gymnosperms, seedless vascular, bryophytes
What is botany?
The study of plants and plant life
Where does botany derive from?
Greek word botane-plant or herb
26 terms
Chapter 2 Botany in a Nutshell
What is Botany
Botane
Major groups of plants?
Non-vascular plants
The study of plants
Plant/herb, self-sufficant
Non-vascular and vascular
"bryophytes" Oldest plants, no vascular structures, ex) spang…
What is Botany
The study of plants
Botane
Plant/herb, self-sufficant
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