Study sets matching "botany"

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Study sets matching "botany"

Botany
4 main organ systems of a plant
Roots
2 types of roots
tap root
roots, stems, leaves and flowers
anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and dissolved nu…
taproot, fibrous
the primary portion of the root grows long and thick while se…
4 main organ systems of a plant
roots, stems, leaves and flowers
Roots
anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and dissolved nu…
33 terms
Botany
chlorophyll
photosynthesis
gas that plants absorb
gas that plants release
why plants are green
process of converting sunlight into energy
CO2
Oxygen (O)
chlorophyll
why plants are green
photosynthesis
process of converting sunlight into energy
57 terms
Botany
Photosynthesis
Plants
Eukaryotic
Vascular tissue of plants
the process by which autotrophs convert light energy into che…
are organisms that are photosynthetic, eukaryotic and have ce…
A cell with a nucleus
Xylem and Phloem
Photosynthesis
the process by which autotrophs convert light energy into che…
Plants
are organisms that are photosynthetic, eukaryotic and have ce…
84 terms
Botany
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
What are plants used for?
____________ involves the observation,…
The definition of a plant
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Food... Medicines ... Dye... Beverages... Lumber... Paper... Clothing ... Fuel
Science,... "To know"
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
The definition of a plant
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Botany
ATP
Stroma
Grana
Thylakoid
-(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use f…
-The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membr…
-Stacks of thylakoids, called ____________________, are suspe…
-A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to con…
ATP
-(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use f…
Stroma
-The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membr…
62 terms
Botany
Adventitious Root vs. Fibrous Root
Dicotyledon vs. Monocotyledon
Woody Dicot vs. Herbaceous Dicot
Gymnosperms vs. Angiosperms
Adventitious roots are specialized roots that grow from uncom…
Dicotyledon is a subdivision of flowering plants whose member…
Woody Dicot is a plant, usually a perennial, with a woody ste…
Gymnosperms are plants that produce seeds that are exposed ra…
Adventitious Root vs. Fibrous Root
Adventitious roots are specialized roots that grow from uncom…
Dicotyledon vs. Monocotyledon
Dicotyledon is a subdivision of flowering plants whose member…
Botany
Epidermis
Vascular Cambium
Chloroplast
Cotyledon
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection.
Plant tissue located between the xylem and phloem in the stem…
The food producers of the cell. (convert light energy of sun…
The primary/ rudimentary leaf of the embryo of seed plants.
Epidermis
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection.
Vascular Cambium
Plant tissue located between the xylem and phloem in the stem…
10 terms
Botany
Angiosperm
Gymnosperm
Annual
Perennial
a flowering plant which develops a fruit to protect seed
a plant that produces "cones" that contain the "naked" seed
plant that dies at the end of the growing season and needs to…
plant that will survive the harsh winter and regrow without h…
Angiosperm
a flowering plant which develops a fruit to protect seed
Gymnosperm
a plant that produces "cones" that contain the "naked" seed
botany
petals
sepal
root cap
leafs
the colorful structure that you see when flowers open
protect the flower
protects root
captures the suns energy
petals
the colorful structure that you see when flowers open
sepal
protect the flower
Botany
Botany
Control
Cotyledon
Embyro
The scientific study of plants that deals with the structure,…
The part of of an experiment that stays the same while other…
The stored food in a seed
The undeveloped plant in the seed
Botany
The scientific study of plants that deals with the structure,…
Control
The part of of an experiment that stays the same while other…
41 terms
Botany
angiosperm
Four main parts of a flower
sepal
petal
flowering plant
1. sepal... 2. petal... 3. pistil ... 4. stamen
The outer parts of the flower (often green and leaf-like) tha…
The parts of a flower that are often conspicuously colored (h…
angiosperm
flowering plant
Four main parts of a flower
1. sepal... 2. petal... 3. pistil ... 4. stamen
23 terms
Botany
Pollen tube
Anther
Filament
Petal
Pollen tube
Anther
46 terms
Botany
Incident illumination
Transmitted illumination
Field of view
Depth of field
Light shining on the object
Light shining through the bottom
The size of the circular area on the microscope slide
The thickness, or depth, of the specimen in focus
Incident illumination
Light shining on the object
Transmitted illumination
Light shining through the bottom
Botany
eyepiece
body tube
fine adjustment knob
nosepiece
metal cylinder that with a glass lens toward the end
cylindrical metal tube with movable ocular inserted at the to…
small knob on microscope that is the smaller of the two adjus…
revolving magnification piece that makes the object more visi…
eyepiece
metal cylinder that with a glass lens toward the end
body tube
cylindrical metal tube with movable ocular inserted at the to…
31 terms
Botany
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Transpiration
Absorption
The process of making sugars in green plants from water and c…
The process of using the stored foods of a plant in which ene…
The evaporation of water vapor from the stoma on the leaves o…
The taking in of water and mineral nutrients through the root…
Photosynthesis
The process of making sugars in green plants from water and c…
Respiration
The process of using the stored foods of a plant in which ene…
26 terms
Botany
Acer platanoides... Norway maple
Acer saccharum... sugar maple
Amaranthus hybridus... amaranth
Rhus radicans... poison ivy
Milky sap; needle pointed lobes; hairless underneath
Opposite leaves; dull or hairy underside; lobes not super poi…
herb; alternate, entire leaves; inflorescence elongate, termi…
woody vine; leaves w/ 3 leaflets; small white berries
Acer platanoides... Norway maple
Milky sap; needle pointed lobes; hairless underneath
Acer saccharum... sugar maple
Opposite leaves; dull or hairy underside; lobes not super poi…
8 terms
Botany
eyepiece or ocular
body tube
fine adjustment knob
nosepiece
metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end
cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inserted at the…
small knob on a microscope (smaller than coarse adjustment)
revolving magnification piece that helps make the object visi…
eyepiece or ocular
metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end
body tube
cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inserted at the…
BOTANY
Achene
Acumunate
Aggregate Fruit
Angiosperm
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Tapering to a slender point.
A fruit developing from the several separate carpels of a sin…
A seed borne in a vessel.
Achene
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Acumunate
Tapering to a slender point.
93 terms
Botany
Bryophytes
Liverwort
Hornwort
Mosses
-mosses, liverworts, and hornworts... -generally inhabit damp, s…
-Phylum Hepaticophyta... -flat or leafy gametophytes ... -single-ce…
-Phylum Anthocerophyta... -flat, lobed gametophytes ... -more compl…
-Phylum Bryophyta ... -leafy gametophytes... -multicellular rhizoid…
Bryophytes
-mosses, liverworts, and hornworts... -generally inhabit damp, s…
Liverwort
-Phylum Hepaticophyta... -flat or leafy gametophytes ... -single-ce…
Botany
Yarrow
Columbine
Astilbe/False goats beard
Tickseed
Achillea millefoliu
Aquilegia x hybrida
Astile hybrid
Coreopsis grandiflora
Yarrow
Achillea millefoliu
Columbine
Aquilegia x hybrida
10 terms
botany
botany
seed coat
sprout
radicle
the study of plants
the shell of a seed that protects the living plant inside
the first stage of a plant's life as it leaves the protection…
the first part of a plant to come out of the seed
botany
the study of plants
seed coat
the shell of a seed that protects the living plant inside
99 terms
BOTANY
Achene
Acumunate
Aggregate Fruit
Angiosperm
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Tapering to a slender point.
A fruit developing from the several separate carpels of a sin…
A seed borne in a vessel.
Achene
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Acumunate
Tapering to a slender point.
Botany
eyepiece or ocular
body tube
fine adjustment
nose piece
short metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end.
this is the cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inse…
Moves slightly to sharpen the image
holds the objective lenses
eyepiece or ocular
short metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end.
body tube
this is the cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inse…
Botany
Linear
Lanceolate
Ovate
Cordate
Leaf shape
Leaf shape
Leaf shape
Leaf shape
Linear
Leaf shape
Lanceolate
Leaf shape
8 terms
Botany
Cotyledon
Radicle
Hypocotyl
Flower buds
initial leaf like thingys
The first stage of roots
The stem
holds the flower
Cotyledon
initial leaf like thingys
Radicle
The first stage of roots
Botany
Imperfect
Perfect
Monoecious
Dioecious
Will have either male or female parts.
Flower will have male & female whorls on the same flower.
Male & female will be on the same plant.
2 houses; male & female will be on different plants.
Imperfect
Will have either male or female parts.
Perfect
Flower will have male & female whorls on the same flower.
62 terms
Botany
sporophyte
spores
gametophytes
fertilization
diploid plant
haploid cells produced by sporophyte
small male and female haploid plants
gametes are united through this
sporophyte
diploid plant
spores
haploid cells produced by sporophyte
Botany
In woody dicots, which of the followin…
An annual ring
In a mature, woody dicot stem, the tis…
A very thin sheet of desirable wood th…
cork
consists of one year's growth of xylem.
vascular cambium.
veneer.
In woody dicots, which of the followin…
cork
An annual ring
consists of one year's growth of xylem.
30 terms
Botany
Botany
Biology
Astrobiologists
Biologists
The study of plants
The study of living things
Astronauts who study living things
People who study biology
Botany
The study of plants
Biology
The study of living things
99 terms
Botany
Stipules
Petioles
Petals
Sepals
Outgrowth on either side of the base of a leaf stalk
The stalk that attaches the lead blade to the stem
Leaves that surround the reproductive parts of a flower usual…
Enclosed the petals typically consisting of a pollen containi…
Stipules
Outgrowth on either side of the base of a leaf stalk
Petioles
The stalk that attaches the lead blade to the stem
31 terms
Botany
Eukarya... Archaea... Bacteria
-a
-ae
-ophyta
3 Domains for Living Things
Suffix for Domain
Suffix for Kingdom
Suffix for Division or Phylum
Eukarya... Archaea... Bacteria
3 Domains for Living Things
-a
Suffix for Domain
10 terms
Botany
Sepal
Petal
Stamen
Anther
is a part of the flower of angiosperms
modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of the f…
is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower
the part of the stamen that contains the pollen
Sepal
is a part of the flower of angiosperms
Petal
modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of the f…
Botany
Botany
List five characteristics
chlorophyll
cuticles
Study of plants
Multicellular eukaryotes... chlorophyll... Perform photosynthesis…
green pigment that captures energy from sunlight
waxy layer that coats surfaces of plants - keep from drying out
Botany
Study of plants
List five characteristics
Multicellular eukaryotes... chlorophyll... Perform photosynthesis…
43 terms
Botany
Metabolism
Secondary Metabolites
Secondary metabolites are useful with…
What are the 3 main secondary metaboli…
The combined total of the many chemical reactions that occur…
By products made by plants that are helpful in plant survival
Protection... Communication... Structure
Phenolics... Alkaloids... Terpenoids
Metabolism
The combined total of the many chemical reactions that occur…
Secondary Metabolites
By products made by plants that are helpful in plant survival
Botany
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Pollination
Fertilization
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
The process by which pollen from the anthers of a flower land…
Fusion of male and female gametes.
Sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Gametophyte
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
11 terms
Botany
Petal
Flower
Stamen
Anther
A modified leaf of a flowering plant. Petals are the often co…
The reproductive part of a plant. Carries the seeds and ovary…
Male reproductive parts of a flowering plant
The tip of the stamen - the part that produces pollen
Petal
A modified leaf of a flowering plant. Petals are the often co…
Flower
The reproductive part of a plant. Carries the seeds and ovary…
10 terms
Botany
Photosynthesis
Roots
Bryophytes
Xylem
process by which plants convert sunlight into chemical energy
absorb water and nutrients into the plant from the soil
lack vascular tissue, absorb water through osmosis
transports water throughout plants
Photosynthesis
process by which plants convert sunlight into chemical energy
Roots
absorb water and nutrients into the plant from the soil
21 terms
Botany
how many seeds are found in monocots?
how many seeds are found in dicots?
monocot leaf
dicot leaf
1
2
parallel
net/branching
how many seeds are found in monocots?
1
how many seeds are found in dicots?
2
Botany
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Moss
Vascular Tissue
Two-phase anabolic pathway in which the Sun's light energy is…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
a small flowerless green plant that lacks true roots, growing…
Specialized tissue that transports water, food, and other sub…
Photosynthesis
Two-phase anabolic pathway in which the Sun's light energy is…
Cellular Respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
16 terms
Botany
chloroplast
stamen
petals
nectar
organelle that captures sunlight
male reproductive organs of a plant
usually brightly coloured to attract insects
sweet liquid used to attract pollinators
chloroplast
organelle that captures sunlight
stamen
male reproductive organs of a plant
Botany
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
What are plants used for?
____________ involves the observation,…
The definition of a plant
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Food... Medicines ... Dye... Beverages... Lumber... Paper... Clothing ... Fuel
Science,... "To know"
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
The definition of a plant
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
Algae = Kingdom Protista
83 terms
Botany
botanist
biological classification
family
species
n.植物学家
生物分类
n.科
n.种;物种
botanist
n.植物学家
biological classification
生物分类
56 terms
Botany
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Aesculus glabra
Asimina triloba
Red Maple
Sugar Maple
Ohio Buckeye
Paw paw
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple
51 terms
Botany
Ranunculales
Berberidaceae
Ranunculaceae
Caryophyllales
Helpful traits: ... - Herbaceous ... - Toothed to lobed or compound…
• Barberry family ... • 650 species ... • Genera: Achlys, Berberis…
• Buttercup family ... • 2000 species ... • Genera: Ranunculus, Aco…
• Caryophyllineae: ... - Sieve tubes of phloem with modified pla…
Ranunculales
Helpful traits: ... - Herbaceous ... - Toothed to lobed or compound…
Berberidaceae
• Barberry family ... • 650 species ... • Genera: Achlys, Berberis…
14 terms
botany
simple fruit
berry- fleshy
drupe- fleshy
dry
develops from a flower with a single pistol
soft and fleshy throughout, usually has many seeds (tomato,gr…
has a hard, story pit has a single seed (peach, cherry)
splits open to release seeds
simple fruit
develops from a flower with a single pistol
berry- fleshy
soft and fleshy throughout, usually has many seeds (tomato,gr…
Botany
Alfalfa... Mediacago sativa
Barley... Hordeum vulgare
Dry bean... Phaseolus vulgaris
Broccoli ... Brassica oleracea var. italica
Alfalfa... Mediacago sativa
Barley... Hordeum vulgare
36 terms
Botany
Purple dead nettle
Field Mustard
Poison oak
Fennel
Lamium purpureum
Brassica rapa
Toxicodendron diversilobum
Foeniculum vulgare
Purple dead nettle
Lamium purpureum
Field Mustard
Brassica rapa
26 terms
Botany
Plasmolysis
Imbibition
Active Transport
Water potential
loss of water through osmosis
When the seed takes in water
process used to absorb and retain solutes against diffusion o…
Osmotic pressure+ pressure potential
Plasmolysis
loss of water through osmosis
Imbibition
When the seed takes in water
Botany
Meiosis
Cytoplasmic Inheritance
Epistasis
Heteroplasmy
1) Chromo. in diploid cells are replicated, resulting in iden…
-inheritance of mitochondrial and chloroplast genes... -inherite…
expression of one gene is influenced by another
-inheritance of chloroplasts or mitochondria w/ different gen…
Meiosis
1) Chromo. in diploid cells are replicated, resulting in iden…
Cytoplasmic Inheritance
-inheritance of mitochondrial and chloroplast genes... -inherite…
27 terms
botany
Tracheophyte
Tracheid-
Xylem
Phloem
any plant of the former division Tracheophyta, comprising all…
an elongated, tapering xylem cell having lignified, pitted, i…
a compound tissue in vascular plants that helps provide suppo…
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other…
Tracheophyte
any plant of the former division Tracheophyta, comprising all…
Tracheid-
an elongated, tapering xylem cell having lignified, pitted, i…
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