Study sets matching "botany"

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Study sets matching "botany"

Botany
4 main organ systems of a plant
Roots
2 types of roots
tap root
roots, stems, leaves and flowers
anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and dissolved nu…
taproot, fibrous
the primary portion of the root grows long and thick while se…
4 main organ systems of a plant
roots, stems, leaves and flowers
Roots
anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and dissolved nu…
33 terms
Botany
chlorophyll
photosynthesis
gas that plants absorb
gas that plants release
why plants are green
process of converting sunlight into energy
CO2
Oxygen (O)
chlorophyll
why plants are green
photosynthesis
process of converting sunlight into energy
57 terms
Botany
Photosynthesis
Plants
Eukaryotic
Vascular tissue of plants
the process by which autotrophs convert light energy into che…
are organisms that are photosynthetic, eukaryotic and have ce…
A cell with a nucleus
Xylem and Phloem
Photosynthesis
the process by which autotrophs convert light energy into che…
Plants
are organisms that are photosynthetic, eukaryotic and have ce…
84 terms
Botany
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
What are plants used for?
____________ involves the observation,…
The definition of a plant
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Food... Medicines ... Dye... Beverages... Lumber... Paper... Clothing ... Fuel
Science,... "To know"
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
The definition of a plant
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Botany
ATP
Stroma
Grana
Thylakoid
-(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use f…
-The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membr…
-Stacks of thylakoids, called ____________________, are suspe…
-A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to con…
ATP
-(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use f…
Stroma
-The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membr…
62 terms
Botany
Adventitious Root vs. Fibrous Root
Dicotyledon vs. Monocotyledon
Woody Dicot vs. Herbaceous Dicot
Gymnosperms vs. Angiosperms
Adventitious roots are specialized roots that grow from uncom…
Dicotyledon is a subdivision of flowering plants whose member…
Woody Dicot is a plant, usually a perennial, with a woody ste…
Gymnosperms are plants that produce seeds that are exposed ra…
Adventitious Root vs. Fibrous Root
Adventitious roots are specialized roots that grow from uncom…
Dicotyledon vs. Monocotyledon
Dicotyledon is a subdivision of flowering plants whose member…
Botany
Epidermis
Vascular Cambium
Chloroplast
Cotyledon
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection.
Plant tissue located between the xylem and phloem in the stem…
The food producers of the cell. (convert light energy of sun…
The primary/ rudimentary leaf of the embryo of seed plants.
Epidermis
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection.
Vascular Cambium
Plant tissue located between the xylem and phloem in the stem…
10 terms
Botany
Angiosperm
Gymnosperm
Annual
Perennial
a flowering plant which develops a fruit to protect seed
a plant that produces "cones" that contain the "naked" seed
plant that dies at the end of the growing season and needs to…
plant that will survive the harsh winter and regrow without h…
Angiosperm
a flowering plant which develops a fruit to protect seed
Gymnosperm
a plant that produces "cones" that contain the "naked" seed
botany
petals
sepal
root cap
leafs
the colorful structure that you see when flowers open
protect the flower
protects root
captures the suns energy
petals
the colorful structure that you see when flowers open
sepal
protect the flower
Botany
Botany
Control
Cotyledon
Embyro
The scientific study of plants that deals with the structure,…
The part of of an experiment that stays the same while other…
The stored food in a seed
The undeveloped plant in the seed
Botany
The scientific study of plants that deals with the structure,…
Control
The part of of an experiment that stays the same while other…
41 terms
Botany
angiosperm
Four main parts of a flower
sepal
petal
flowering plant
1. sepal... 2. petal... 3. pistil ... 4. stamen
The outer parts of the flower (often green and leaf-like) tha…
The parts of a flower that are often conspicuously colored (h…
angiosperm
flowering plant
Four main parts of a flower
1. sepal... 2. petal... 3. pistil ... 4. stamen
23 terms
Botany
Pollen tube
Anther
Filament
Petal
Pollen tube
Anther
Botany
eyepiece
body tube
fine adjustment knob
nosepiece
metal cylinder that with a glass lens toward the end
cylindrical metal tube with movable ocular inserted at the to…
small knob on microscope that is the smaller of the two adjus…
revolving magnification piece that makes the object more visi…
eyepiece
metal cylinder that with a glass lens toward the end
body tube
cylindrical metal tube with movable ocular inserted at the to…
26 terms
Botany
Acer platanoides... Norway maple
Acer saccharum... sugar maple
Amaranthus hybridus... amaranth
Rhus radicans... poison ivy
Milky sap; needle pointed lobes; hairless underneath
Opposite leaves; dull or hairy underside; lobes not super poi…
herb; alternate, entire leaves; inflorescence elongate, termi…
woody vine; leaves w/ 3 leaflets; small white berries
Acer platanoides... Norway maple
Milky sap; needle pointed lobes; hairless underneath
Acer saccharum... sugar maple
Opposite leaves; dull or hairy underside; lobes not super poi…
8 terms
Botany
eyepiece or ocular
body tube
fine adjustment knob
nosepiece
metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end
cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inserted at the…
small knob on a microscope (smaller than coarse adjustment)
revolving magnification piece that helps make the object visi…
eyepiece or ocular
metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end
body tube
cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inserted at the…
BOTANY
Achene
Acumunate
Aggregate Fruit
Angiosperm
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Tapering to a slender point.
A fruit developing from the several separate carpels of a sin…
A seed borne in a vessel.
Achene
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Acumunate
Tapering to a slender point.
Botany
Yarrow
Columbine
Astilbe/False goats beard
Tickseed
Achillea millefoliu
Aquilegia x hybrida
Astile hybrid
Coreopsis grandiflora
Yarrow
Achillea millefoliu
Columbine
Aquilegia x hybrida
93 terms
Botany
Bryophytes
Liverwort
Hornwort
Mosses
-mosses, liverworts, and hornworts... -generally inhabit damp, s…
-Phylum Hepaticophyta... -flat or leafy gametophytes ... -single-ce…
-Phylum Anthocerophyta... -flat, lobed gametophytes ... -more compl…
-Phylum Bryophyta ... -leafy gametophytes... -multicellular rhizoid…
Bryophytes
-mosses, liverworts, and hornworts... -generally inhabit damp, s…
Liverwort
-Phylum Hepaticophyta... -flat or leafy gametophytes ... -single-ce…
99 terms
BOTANY
Achene
Acumunate
Aggregate Fruit
Angiosperm
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Tapering to a slender point.
A fruit developing from the several separate carpels of a sin…
A seed borne in a vessel.
Achene
Small, dry, one seed fruit that doesn't open.
Acumunate
Tapering to a slender point.
Botany
eyepiece or ocular
body tube
fine adjustment
nose piece
short metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end.
this is the cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inse…
Moves slightly to sharpen the image
holds the objective lenses
eyepiece or ocular
short metal cylinder with a glass lens toward each end.
body tube
this is the cylindrical metal tube with a movable ocular inse…
Botany
Linear
Lanceolate
Ovate
Cordate
Leaf shape
Leaf shape
Leaf shape
Leaf shape
Linear
Leaf shape
Lanceolate
Leaf shape
8 terms
Botany
Cotyledon
Radicle
Hypocotyl
Flower buds
initial leaf like thingys
The first stage of roots
The stem
holds the flower
Cotyledon
initial leaf like thingys
Radicle
The first stage of roots
Botany
In woody dicots, which of the followin…
An annual ring
In a mature, woody dicot stem, the tis…
A very thin sheet of desirable wood th…
cork
consists of one year's growth of xylem.
vascular cambium.
veneer.
In woody dicots, which of the followin…
cork
An annual ring
consists of one year's growth of xylem.
99 terms
Botany
Stipules
Petioles
Petals
Sepals
Outgrowth on either side of the base of a leaf stalk
The stalk that attaches the lead blade to the stem
Leaves that surround the reproductive parts of a flower usual…
Enclosed the petals typically consisting of a pollen containi…
Stipules
Outgrowth on either side of the base of a leaf stalk
Petioles
The stalk that attaches the lead blade to the stem
10 terms
Botany
Sepal
Petal
Stamen
Anther
is a part of the flower of angiosperms
modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of the f…
is the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower
the part of the stamen that contains the pollen
Sepal
is a part of the flower of angiosperms
Petal
modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of the f…
Botany
Botany
List five characteristics
chlorophyll
cuticles
Study of plants
Multicellular eukaryotes... chlorophyll... Perform photosynthesis…
green pigment that captures energy from sunlight
waxy layer that coats surfaces of plants - keep from drying out
Botany
Study of plants
List five characteristics
Multicellular eukaryotes... chlorophyll... Perform photosynthesis…
11 terms
Botany
Petal
Flower
Stamen
Anther
A modified leaf of a flowering plant. Petals are the often co…
The reproductive part of a plant. Carries the seeds and ovary…
Male reproductive parts of a flowering plant
The tip of the stamen - the part that produces pollen
Petal
A modified leaf of a flowering plant. Petals are the often co…
Flower
The reproductive part of a plant. Carries the seeds and ovary…
21 terms
Botany
how many seeds are found in monocots?
how many seeds are found in dicots?
monocot leaf
dicot leaf
1
2
parallel
net/branching
how many seeds are found in monocots?
1
how many seeds are found in dicots?
2
16 terms
Botany
chloroplast
stamen
petals
nectar
organelle that captures sunlight
male reproductive organs of a plant
usually brightly coloured to attract insects
sweet liquid used to attract pollinators
chloroplast
organelle that captures sunlight
stamen
male reproductive organs of a plant
Botany
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
What are plants used for?
____________ involves the observation,…
The definition of a plant
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Food... Medicines ... Dye... Beverages... Lumber... Paper... Clothing ... Fuel
Science,... "To know"
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
The definition of a plant
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
Algae = Kingdom Protista
83 terms
Botany
botanist
biological classification
family
species
n.植物学家
生物分类
n.科
n.种;物种
botanist
n.植物学家
biological classification
生物分类
36 terms
Botany
Purple dead nettle
Field Mustard
Poison oak
Fennel
Lamium purpureum
Brassica rapa
Toxicodendron diversilobum
Foeniculum vulgare
Purple dead nettle
Lamium purpureum
Field Mustard
Brassica rapa
Botany
Alfalfa... Mediacago sativa
Barley... Hordeum vulgare
Dry bean... Phaseolus vulgaris
Broccoli ... Brassica oleracea var. italica
Alfalfa... Mediacago sativa
Barley... Hordeum vulgare
217 terms
Botany
Botany
Biology
Biologists
Taxonomy
The study of plants. In Greek the word "botane" means "plant".
The study of living things. In Greek "bio" means "life" and "…
People who study biology.
The science dealing with the description, identification, nam…
Botany
The study of plants. In Greek the word "botane" means "plant".
Biology
The study of living things. In Greek "bio" means "life" and "…
38 terms
Botany
earliest land plants
plant phylogenetic tree
developments in plants as complexity i…
bryophytes
spores from fossils dating about 450 million years ago... had s…
1. vascular tissue... 2. seeds... 3. pollen and flowers
- nonvascular plants (liverworts, mosses, hornworts)... - domina…
earliest land plants
spores from fossils dating about 450 million years ago... had s…
plant phylogenetic tree
41 terms
Botany
Pedicel
Receptacle
Calyx
Sepal
The stem a typical flower grows on, which widens at the end t…
The area from which the flower part grows
Outermost part of a flower. Made of sepals.
Makes up the Calyx. Most species have 3-5 and are usually gre…
Pedicel
The stem a typical flower grows on, which widens at the end t…
Receptacle
The area from which the flower part grows
28 terms
Botany
Stamen
Stigma
Style
Ovary
The male part of a flower
Part of the carpel that has a sticky surface for pollen to st…
The stigma sits on this long tube that leads to the ovary
Produces ovules (eggs)
Stamen
The male part of a flower
Stigma
Part of the carpel that has a sticky surface for pollen to st…
Botany
Pollen tube
Anther
Filament
Petal
Pollen tube
Anther
24 terms
Botany
fungi
mosses, ferns and liverworts
cuticle
sporophyte
Which organisms do botanists think may have helped early land…
The sperm of which organisms swim through water to reach and…
To reduce water loss, plants have a waxy layer, which covers…
In vascular plants, the dominant generation is the
fungi
Which organisms do botanists think may have helped early land…
mosses, ferns and liverworts
The sperm of which organisms swim through water to reach and…
84 terms
Botany
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
What are plants used for?
____________ involves the observation,…
The definition of a plant
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Food... Medicines ... Dye... Beverages... Lumber... Paper... Clothing ... Fuel
Science,... "To know"
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eu…
The definition of a plant
What kingdom does Algae belong to?
Algae = Kingdom Protista
Botany
4 main organ systems of a plant
Roots
2 types of roots
tap root
roots, stems, leaves and flowers
anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and dissolved nu…
taproot, fibrous
the primary portion of the root grows long and thick while se…
4 main organ systems of a plant
roots, stems, leaves and flowers
Roots
anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and dissolved nu…
Botany
Middle Lamella
Plasmodesmata
Dictyosome
Tonoplast
A thin layer between cell walls that acts as a glue.
Pours between plant cells that allows proteins to pass through.
Carries materials across the cell
The outside of the vacuole
Middle Lamella
A thin layer between cell walls that acts as a glue.
Plasmodesmata
Pours between plant cells that allows proteins to pass through.
60 terms
Botany
annual
perennial
biennial
disiduous
a plant completes its whole cycle in one year
comes back every year
lasts 2 years
drops leaves every year
annual
a plant completes its whole cycle in one year
perennial
comes back every year
32 terms
Botany
Cell membrane
CELL WALL
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Keeps pieces of organs inside the cell
Creates protection and support for plants
Controls eating, movement and reproduction
Made of proteins and to rewrite new RNA cells.
Cell membrane
Keeps pieces of organs inside the cell
CELL WALL
Creates protection and support for plants
Botany
arrowhead
Sweetgum
Winged Sumac
Poison Ivy
Alismataceae Sagittaria sp. (White Flower)
Altingiaceae Liquidambar styracifura
Anacardiaceae Rhus copallina
Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron radicans
arrowhead
Alismataceae Sagittaria sp. (White Flower)
Sweetgum
Altingiaceae Liquidambar styracifura
Botany :)
Monocotyledonae (characteristics)
Dicotyledonae (characteristics)
Root (function)
Stem (function)
cotelyden = seed leaf, mono = one... Leaf: paralell venation (li…
cotelyden = seed leaf, di = two... Leaf: Dendritic (net-like) ve…
- extract minerals (nitrates & phosphates) + water from the s…
- supports leaves... - contains vascular tissues that transport…
Monocotyledonae (characteristics)
cotelyden = seed leaf, mono = one... Leaf: paralell venation (li…
Dicotyledonae (characteristics)
cotelyden = seed leaf, di = two... Leaf: Dendritic (net-like) ve…
13 terms
Botany
Apical meristem
Capillarity
photosynthesis equation
Life cycle of an angiosperm
found at the apices, or tips of the plant, both the tip of th…
the tendency of a liquid in a capillary tube or absorbent mat…
Germination... Pollination... Fertilization... Seed Dispersal
Apical meristem
found at the apices, or tips of the plant, both the tip of th…
Capillarity
the tendency of a liquid in a capillary tube or absorbent mat…
17 terms
Botany
feketefenyő
fehér akác
százszorszép
közönséges tiszafa
Pinus nigra - Austrian pine
Robinia pseudo-acacia - black locust
Bellis perennis - daisy
Taxus baccata - yew
feketefenyő
Pinus nigra - Austrian pine
fehér akác
Robinia pseudo-acacia - black locust
21 terms
Botany
The four basic floral parts
Stamen (Male)
Carpel (female)
Fruit types
sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels
contains the anther & filament
Contains stigma and ovary
nut, drupe, pome, aggregate fruit, berry, lagume, Samara, and…
The four basic floral parts
sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels
Stamen (Male)
contains the anther & filament
Botany
Phototroph
Chemotroph
Autotroph
Heterotroph
obtain energy through light
Obtain energy through chemicals
Only needs CO2 in some form of Carbon source
Require at least one other nutrient
Phototroph
obtain energy through light
Chemotroph
Obtain energy through chemicals
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