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Study sets matching "botony"

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Study sets matching "botony"

20 terms
botony
what is a plant
PLANTS... nonvascular plants =... vascular p…
Vascular tissue in plants
phototrpism
-multicellular... -eukaryotic... -cell walls made of cellulose... -aut…
= mosses and their relatives... =seed bearing plants -> gymospe…
-xylem : carries water upward from the roots to the stems and…
response to light
what is a plant
-multicellular... -eukaryotic... -cell walls made of cellulose... -aut…
PLANTS... nonvascular plants =... vascular p…
= mosses and their relatives... =seed bearing plants -> gymospe…
83 terms
Botony
Eukaryotes
Eukarya Domain
Kingdom Fungi
Kingdom Plantae
Part of the domain Eukarya.... Characteristics: True nucleus, me…
Includes Plants, Fungi, Protists and Animals
Heterotrophs - saprophytes/parasites, extracellular digestion…
Most are autotrophic, but some are heterotrophic. Cell walls…
Eukaryotes
Part of the domain Eukarya.... Characteristics: True nucleus, me…
Eukarya Domain
Includes Plants, Fungi, Protists and Animals
botony
hydrotropism
tropism
geotropism
phototropism
hydrotropism
tropism
29 terms
Botony
Pawpaw, Asimina triloba, Annonaceae
Monkshood, Aconitum uncinatum, Ranuncu…
Yellow Buckeye, Aesculus flava, Sapind…
Sweet Shrub, Calycanthus floridus, Cal…
Pawpaw, Asimina triloba, Annonaceae
Monkshood, Aconitum uncinatum, Ranuncu…
107 terms
Botony
Berry
Pepo
Hesperidium
Drupe
fleshy fruit, seeds are distributed throughout endocarp
Exocarp thickens to for a rind, mesocarp is portion consumed.
Exocarp and Mesocarp form a leathery rind
Endocarp is a stony pit while rest of fruit is fleshy
Berry
fleshy fruit, seeds are distributed throughout endocarp
Pepo
Exocarp thickens to for a rind, mesocarp is portion consumed.
47 terms
Botony
Five Kingdoms... (M.P.F.P.A.)
Parkaryotes
Eukaryotes
Taxonomy
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae & Animalia.
No true nucleus, Unicellular, lack of bound membrane.
True Nucleus, Unicellular and Multicellular, have membrane bo…
Naming and classification of organisms.
Five Kingdoms... (M.P.F.P.A.)
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae & Animalia.
Parkaryotes
No true nucleus, Unicellular, lack of bound membrane.
Botony
Bryophyta
Antheridium
Archegonium
Angiosperm
Moss, looks like baby plants, clumps up together
A haploid structure/organ producing and containing male gametes
A multicellular structure or organ of the gametophyte phase o…
Flowering plant with 350,000 species
Bryophyta
Moss, looks like baby plants, clumps up together
Antheridium
A haploid structure/organ producing and containing male gametes
32 terms
botony
stamen
pistil
how they avoid self polination
shoot vs root
Male part. Has the anther that holds pollen, fillament that h…
Female part. Stigma for pollination. Style is the tube. The o…
They mature at different times. Female parts extend further t…
Shoot is flower, root is tree.
stamen
Male part. Has the anther that holds pollen, fillament that h…
pistil
Female part. Stigma for pollination. Style is the tube. The o…
16 terms
Botony
Root Hairs
Adventious Roots
Embryo
Radicle
Tubes on primary root; absorbs extra water
(Corn) branch out of coleoptile to absorb water
Young developing plant
Develops into the primary root
Root Hairs
Tubes on primary root; absorbs extra water
Adventious Roots
(Corn) branch out of coleoptile to absorb water
38 terms
Botony
Describe the basic function of roots,…
Agriculture
Cereal
Root crop
Roots- bring up water from ground... Stems- support, bring water…
Raising crops and livestock for food and survival
any grass that produces grains that can be used for food, suc…
Edible roots or underground stems
Describe the basic function of roots,…
Roots- bring up water from ground... Stems- support, bring water…
Agriculture
Raising crops and livestock for food and survival
39 terms
Botony
Main pigment used in photosynthesis
An important link between the roots an…
Made up of anther and fillament
Responsible for secondary growth in pl…
Chlorophyll
Stem
Stamen
Vascular cambium
Main pigment used in photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
An important link between the roots an…
Stem
27 terms
Botony
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Bryophytes
rhizoids
Spore producing plant.
Gamete producing plant.
Non vascular plants.
Long, thin cells that anchor them in the ground and water and…
Sporophyte
Spore producing plant.
Gametophyte
Gamete producing plant.
46 terms
Botony
Niche
Competitive exclusion principle
Fundamental vs. Realized Niche
3 different patterns in which individu…
The physical and economical conditions that species need to s…
Two different but related species cannot occupy the same nich…
How much a species could occupy: How much a species actually…
Random, Regular, and Clumped
Niche
The physical and economical conditions that species need to s…
Competitive exclusion principle
Two different but related species cannot occupy the same nich…
27 terms
botony
sporophyte
gametophyte
bryophyte
rhizoid
spore-producing plant
gamete-producing plant
non vascular plant
in fungi, a rootlike hypha that penetrates the surface of an…
sporophyte
spore-producing plant
gametophyte
gamete-producing plant
27 terms
Botony
What is a plant
Vascular Tissue in Plants
xylem
phloem
multicellular, eukaryotic, cell walls made of cellulose, auto…
xylem and phloem
caries water upward from the roots to the stems and leaves
carries solutions of nutrients and carbohydrates to all parts…
What is a plant
multicellular, eukaryotic, cell walls made of cellulose, auto…
Vascular Tissue in Plants
xylem and phloem
128 terms
Botony
Bryophytes
Pteriophytes
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms
•non vascular ... •gametophyte is dominant phase... •flagellated sp…
•vascular but seedless ... •sporophyte is dominant phase ... •flage…
•vascular with seeds... •sporophyte is dominant- gametophyte ret…
•vascular sith seeds, fruits, & flowers ... •sporophyte dominant…
Bryophytes
•non vascular ... •gametophyte is dominant phase... •flagellated sp…
Pteriophytes
•vascular but seedless ... •sporophyte is dominant phase ... •flage…
Botony
Cellulose
Cell juncture
Grana
Plasma membrane
Cell walls of multicellular plants are composed of ____.
The term LEAST closely related to the others is ____.
In a chloroplast, the stacks of membranous sacs are called __…
The structure most responsible fot maintaing cell homeostasis…
Cellulose
Cell walls of multicellular plants are composed of ____.
Cell juncture
The term LEAST closely related to the others is ____.
24 terms
Botony Definitions
karyogamy
plasmogamy
sporic meiosis
protonemata
Fusion of two haploid nuclei to form a diploid nucleus.
in fungi, the fusion of the cytoplasm of cells from two indiv…
a form of meiosis in which certain diploid cells of the sporo…
A mass of green branched, one cell thick filaments produced b…
karyogamy
Fusion of two haploid nuclei to form a diploid nucleus.
plasmogamy
in fungi, the fusion of the cytoplasm of cells from two indiv…
64 terms
Botony test 1
global oxyen production from photosyth…
which of the following is not true of…
The increase in oxygen from photosynth…
Phytoremediation
comes mainly from synechococcus and synechocystis
not true: they have a eukaryotic nucleus... true, have chloroph…
1.)led to the formation of the ozone about 2.5 billion years…
innovative use of green plants to clean up our environment. t…
global oxyen production from photosyth…
comes mainly from synechococcus and synechocystis
which of the following is not true of…
not true: they have a eukaryotic nucleus... true, have chloroph…
15 terms
Botony Vocabulary
Reproduction
Fertilsation
Pollination
Dispersal
Making more members of the same species
The joining/fusing of male and female gametes (sex cells)
The transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma.
To spread in different directions
Reproduction
Making more members of the same species
Fertilsation
The joining/fusing of male and female gametes (sex cells)
64 terms
Botony Final
Most abundant enzyme in the world
dwarf mutant plants are short because…
why are most plants green
which of the following would be a good…
rubisco
cannot synthesize gibberelin
the chlorophyll a reflects green light
put it in a bag with an overripe banana
Most abundant enzyme in the world
rubisco
dwarf mutant plants are short because…
cannot synthesize gibberelin
22 terms
Botony Final
Ancestral Eukaryote
One branch of photosynthetic Eukaryotes
The green algae adapted onto land into…
True or False: the first simple plants…
engulfed a cyanobacteria; primary endosymbiosis gives rise to…
gave rise to the green algae (charophyceae)
the NVPS also known as the nonvascular plants
true
Ancestral Eukaryote
engulfed a cyanobacteria; primary endosymbiosis gives rise to…
One branch of photosynthetic Eukaryotes
gave rise to the green algae (charophyceae)
23 terms
Apologia Botony Chapter 1
What is Taxonomy?
What is classification?
What does vascular mean?
What are angiosperms and gymnosperms?
The process of classifying things.
The process of putting things into groups.
Tubes that carry liquids.
Plants that make seeds.
What is Taxonomy?
The process of classifying things.
What is classification?
The process of putting things into groups.
23 terms
Apologia Botony Chapter 1
What is Taxonomy?
What is classification?
What does vascular mean?
What are angiosperms and gymnosperms?
The process of classifying things.
The process of putting things into groups.
Tubes that carry liquids.
Plants that make seeds.
What is Taxonomy?
The process of classifying things.
What is classification?
The process of putting things into groups.
13 terms
Botony Cards
flower
petiole
trichomes
monoecious plants
reproductive organ of angiosperms
a stalk at the base of the leaf blade
hair-like projections
has male and female rep. organs
flower
reproductive organ of angiosperms
petiole
a stalk at the base of the leaf blade
19 terms
Botony Final
Amyoplast
Chloroplast
Chromoplast
Leucoplasts
Stores starch
Carries out photosynthesis
Stores pigment
Stores oils
Amyoplast
Stores starch
Chloroplast
Carries out photosynthesis
18 terms
Botony vocab
Eukaryotic
Chlorophyll
Nonvascular
Sporophyte
Cells have a nucleus and organelles inside of it.
Green substance, or chemical, that captures solar energy
Plants without different types of tissues for carrying water…
Stage during which plants produce spores
Eukaryotic
Cells have a nucleus and organelles inside of it.
Chlorophyll
Green substance, or chemical, that captures solar energy
101 terms
Botony final
Organic compunds
Proteins composed of long chains of
Combinations of all nine essential ami…
most common polysaccharide carb...main…
Contains carbon
amino acids
complete proteins
glucose
Organic compunds
Contains carbon
Proteins composed of long chains of
amino acids
51 terms
botony vocab
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Bryophyte
Gemma
Asexual phase in life cycle, producing spores
Haploid, phase of organism
Non vascular plant like moss
A small structure in liver worts that have haploid cells for…
Sporophyte
Asexual phase in life cycle, producing spores
Gametophyte
Haploid, phase of organism
49 terms
Botony midterm
Douglas Fir
Redwood/Sequioa
Cedar
Yew
main tree used for christmas trees
tallest tree in the World
strong fragrance
Anti-cancer drug
Douglas Fir
main tree used for christmas trees
Redwood/Sequioa
tallest tree in the World
39 terms
botony final
1. Which of the 9 essential plant macr…
2. In what type of habitat do carnivor…
3. Describe the ways that the differen…
4. Describe the mutualism between ants…
-phloem mobile elements are magnesium, boron, iron, and calci…
-live in acidic bogs where nitrifying bacteria cannot live... -u…
- Pitcher plants (or pitfall traps) are carnivorous plants wh…
- diver ants live on tendrils of plant... - ants dive into visco…
1. Which of the 9 essential plant macr…
-phloem mobile elements are magnesium, boron, iron, and calci…
2. In what type of habitat do carnivor…
-live in acidic bogs where nitrifying bacteria cannot live... -u…
8 terms
Botony Chapter 7
shade leaves
desert plant adaption
adaptions of aquatic plans
bracts
smaller, thinner, fewer chloroplasts than sun leaves
fewer stomata... spines... stoma closed during day
-no root system... -few stoma... -aerenchyma tissue for bouyancy... -x…
floral leaves
shade leaves
smaller, thinner, fewer chloroplasts than sun leaves
desert plant adaption
fewer stomata... spines... stoma closed during day
60 terms
Botony final part 2
stamen is made of
the pistil or carpel is made of
middle parts of flower
perianth is made up of
ather and filament
stigma, style, ovary
ovules, receptacle, peduncle
petal (corolla) and sepal (calyx)
stamen is made of
ather and filament
the pistil or carpel is made of
stigma, style, ovary
68 terms
Botony final part 3
what was the most important event in t…
soil
mollisols
what is the most abundant soil order i…
planting of cereal grains
mix of minerals, organics, and organisms, nonliving, dead and…
grasspland soils, fertile with deep A horizon, best for argic…
mollisols
what was the most important event in t…
planting of cereal grains
soil
mix of minerals, organics, and organisms, nonliving, dead and…
34 terms
Zoology & Botony
Collembola
Protura
Diplura
Archeognatha
Springtail
Proturan
Dipluran
Jumping Bristletail
Collembola
Springtail
Protura
Proturan
92 terms
Botony Lecture 3
3 Characteristics of Kingdom Fungi
Why can Fungi afford to make Nitrogen…
Saprophytes
Parasites
1. Chitin Walls made from long chain polymer with Nitrogen ma…
It is because they are decomposers. They secrete digestive en…
eat dead things
eat living things
3 Characteristics of Kingdom Fungi
1. Chitin Walls made from long chain polymer with Nitrogen ma…
Why can Fungi afford to make Nitrogen…
It is because they are decomposers. They secrete digestive en…
180 terms
Botony Test 1
plant
Bryophytes
Ferns and Clubmosses
Gymnosperms
Multicelular autotrophs adapted to land.... ="embryophytes"... Res…
Mosses, Liverworts, &... Hornworts. Small, no water/ food conduc…
Larger, Food and water conducting tissues. Mechanical support…
Propagate by dispersing seeds. Less than 1,000 species but ma…
plant
Multicelular autotrophs adapted to land.... ="embryophytes"... Res…
Bryophytes
Mosses, Liverworts, &... Hornworts. Small, no water/ food conduc…
65 terms
Medical Botony
What is CAM?
Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine
CAM: Whole systems
Complementary,Alternative, or Integrative medicine.... Health c…
Used together with conventional medicine.... (aromatherapy- A th…
used in place of conventional medicine.... (using a special diet…
homeopathy, naturopathy, TCM, Ayurveda
What is CAM?
Complementary,Alternative, or Integrative medicine.... Health c…
Complementary medicine
Used together with conventional medicine.... (aromatherapy- A th…
17 terms
Botony #3
Branched Veins
Parallel Veins
Petals in fours or fives; bears fruit
Petals in threes
Dicot
Monocot
Dicot
Monocot
Branched Veins
Dicot
Parallel Veins
Monocot
21 terms
Botony 2
Gemmule
Spicule
Planula
Apical Organ
Food-filled balls of amebocytes that can survive harsh condit…
Tiny, hard spikes of calcium-carbonate or silicon dioxide fou…
Ciliated larva of the class Scyphozoa that will grow into a l…
A sensory organ of Ctenophoes that enable them to sense orien…
Gemmule
Food-filled balls of amebocytes that can survive harsh condit…
Spicule
Tiny, hard spikes of calcium-carbonate or silicon dioxide fou…
16 terms
FORENSIC BOTONY
what is FORENSIC BOTANY
when was the first case in N.America t…
apprx # plant species worldwide
how many plant species commonly in our…
the application of plant science to the resolution of legal q…
kidnapping in 1935
~300,000... ~6,000 in CA... ~2,000 in Butte County
70-100 species
what is FORENSIC BOTANY
the application of plant science to the resolution of legal q…
when was the first case in N.America t…
kidnapping in 1935
zoology and botony
Taxonomy
kingdom
Morphology
phylum
branch in biology that names and groups organisms according t…
groups of similar divisons largest category
the structure and form to categorize, characteristic's of an…
a subset within the kindom
Taxonomy
branch in biology that names and groups organisms according t…
kingdom
groups of similar divisons largest category
20 terms
Zoology/Botony
prokaryote
bacillus
Coccus
spirillum
A single celled organism that does not have nucleus
Rod shaped prokaryote
Spherical prokaryote
Spiral or corkscrew shaped prokaryote
prokaryote
A single celled organism that does not have nucleus
bacillus
Rod shaped prokaryote
46 terms
Botony Exam 1 part 1
6 steps to scientific method
hypothesis
theory
natural law
1. observation,... 2. prelim question... 3. form hypothesis... 4. expe…
testable deduction for observation
tested and concluded hypothesis
based on the fact that matter and energy have constant proper…
6 steps to scientific method
1. observation,... 2. prelim question... 3. form hypothesis... 4. expe…
hypothesis
testable deduction for observation
35 terms
Botony Exam 1 Part 6
rainfall ___ ___ through soil to form…
mycorrhiza
___ % of vascular plants involved in m…
what is the symbiotic relationship in…
leaches ions, alkaline
mutualistic symbiosis between fungi and plant roots
95
1. fungi transfer nutrients/water to plant... 2. fungi get carbo…
rainfall ___ ___ through soil to form…
leaches ions, alkaline
mycorrhiza
mutualistic symbiosis between fungi and plant roots
68 terms
Botony Exam 1 Part 3
3 tissue systems
dermal tissue
dermal tissue has ___ that reduces ___…
vascular
dermal, vascular, ground tissue
layer of packed cells called epidermis
cuticle, water loss
support and long distance transport through xylem and phloem
3 tissue systems
dermal, vascular, ground tissue
dermal tissue
layer of packed cells called epidermis
30 terms
Botony Exam 1 Part 2
plants have 3 structures that distingu…
what is the osmotic pressure contained…
turgor helps maintain
tonoplast
plastids, vacuole, cell wall
turgor pressure
shape and function
flexible membrane that expands/contracts to maintain turgor
plants have 3 structures that distingu…
plastids, vacuole, cell wall
what is the osmotic pressure contained…
turgor pressure
50 terms
unit 2 section 1 botony
MITOSIS = CELL DIVISION
KARYOKINESIS VS CYTOKINESIS
CELL CYCLE
PLANT HISTOLOGY = TISSUE TYPES
FUNCTION:... PRODUCE NEW CELLS = GROWTH... 1 CELL 2 CELLS... 2 CELLS A…
KARYOKINESIS: ... Stages in which nucleus is actually dividing…
TIME FRAME FOR CELL ACTIVITY: ... INTERPHASE... G1: (normal activit…
DEFINITION:... Similar or different cells functioning together…
MITOSIS = CELL DIVISION
FUNCTION:... PRODUCE NEW CELLS = GROWTH... 1 CELL 2 CELLS... 2 CELLS A…
KARYOKINESIS VS CYTOKINESIS
KARYOKINESIS: ... Stages in which nucleus is actually dividing…
66 terms
Botony Exam 1 Part 4
Taproot have 1 large ___ root and ___…
most dicots have a prominent ___ and a…
form dictates
taproot function is to
primary root and smaller branch roots
taproot and secondary or lateral root
functgion
store food and absorb H20 from deep in the soil
Taproot have 1 large ___ root and ___…
primary root and smaller branch roots
most dicots have a prominent ___ and a…
taproot and secondary or lateral root
66 terms
Botony Exam 1 Part 5
essential elements
macro vs micronutrients
macronutrients
what makes up 98% of plant dry weight
plant must obtain to complete its life cycle
needed in large vs small quantities
CHONPS, K, Ca, Magnesium
CHONPS
essential elements
plant must obtain to complete its life cycle
macro vs micronutrients
needed in large vs small quantities
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