Study sets matching "brain and behavior"

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Study sets matching "brain and behavior"

Brain and Behavior
Horizontal Plane
Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Rostral
shows structures viewed from above
frontal section- shows view from the front
divides structures into right and left parts
posterior
Horizontal Plane
shows structures viewed from above
Coronal Plane
frontal section- shows view from the front
108 terms
brain and behavior
Six Areas of Neuroscience relevant to…
Why is thinking about biology of behav…
Heritability
Twin/adoption studies
Neuroanatomy... Neurophysiology ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathalogy... N…
What affects BRAIN affects MIND. Behavior is not physiologica…
Estimate of how much of the variance in a characteristic is d…
Tell us the level of heritability based on resemblance of the…
Six Areas of Neuroscience relevant to…
Neuroanatomy... Neurophysiology ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathalogy... N…
Why is thinking about biology of behav…
What affects BRAIN affects MIND. Behavior is not physiologica…
99 terms
Brain and Behavior
The Mind-Body Problem
Dualism
Interactionism
Pineal Gland
Asks "Are we just a body, just a brain, or both?"
View that we are a mind and body
View that our mind and body interact. Descartes said in the p…
Produces melatonin to help distinguish between night and day…
The Mind-Body Problem
Asks "Are we just a body, just a brain, or both?"
Dualism
View that we are a mind and body
295 terms
Brain & Behavior
main (DSM IV) mood disorders we covered
what is a 'mood disorder'?
what is 'mood'?
differences between sadness and clinic…
* bipolar disorder... * major depressive disorder... * cyclothymia…
mood disorder: any of a group of psychiatric disorders, inclu…
mood =m a conscious state of mind or predominant emotion : af…
sadness: a normal human emotion that accompanies loss or defe…
main (DSM IV) mood disorders we covered
* bipolar disorder... * major depressive disorder... * cyclothymia…
what is a 'mood disorder'?
mood disorder: any of a group of psychiatric disorders, inclu…
181 terms
Brain and Behavior
Horizontal Plane
Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Rostral
shows structures viewed from above
frontal section- shows view from the front
divides structures into right and left parts
posterior
Horizontal Plane
shows structures viewed from above
Coronal Plane
frontal section- shows view from the front
166 terms
Brain and Behavior (Exam 1)
dualism
monism
psychoneural identity hypothesis
cell membrane
brain and mind are separate and distinct, acknowledge they in…
brain and mind are the same
modern take on monism, psychological processes can be explain…
separates inside and outside of cell, two fat layers (lipid b…
dualism
brain and mind are separate and distinct, acknowledge they in…
monism
brain and mind are the same
Brain and Behavior
biological psychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
the nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
the bushy, branching system of the neuron that receives messa…
the extension neuron; ending in branching terminal fibers, th…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
the nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Brain and Behavior #2
Phantom Limb Syndrome
Anesthesia
Neuromas
Penfield Homunculus
An arm or a leg that lingers indefinitely in the minds of pat…
Anesthesia is a temporary induced state with one or more of a…
Frayed or curled-up nerve endings in the stump that originall…
The artist's whimsical depiction of the manner in which diffe…
Phantom Limb Syndrome
An arm or a leg that lingers indefinitely in the minds of pat…
Anesthesia
Anesthesia is a temporary induced state with one or more of a…
73 terms
Brain and Behavior Test 1
Neuroplasticity
Function of the nervous system
Divisions of the Nervous System
Divisions of the Peripheral Nervous Sy…
The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical chang…
Coordinate and orchestrate behaviors, thoughts, feelings, emo…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System... Autonomic Nervous System
Neuroplasticity
The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical chang…
Function of the nervous system
Coordinate and orchestrate behaviors, thoughts, feelings, emo…
58 terms
Brain and Behavior
Myelin
Adrenal Glands
Is stimulated by a neurotransmitter
Brain and spinal cord
A layer of fatty tissue that helps speed neural transmission…
This pair of endocrine glands sits above the kidneys and secr…
A neuron will generate action potentials when it... a. Remains…
What is the Central Nervous System made up of?... a. Brain and…
Myelin
A layer of fatty tissue that helps speed neural transmission…
Adrenal Glands
This pair of endocrine glands sits above the kidneys and secr…
Brain and Behavior
Acetylcholine(ach)
Dopamine(DA)
Norepinephrine (NE)
Serotonin
Released by motor neurons controlling skeletal muscles. Contr…
Contributes to the control of voluntary movement. Influences…
Contributed to modulation of alertness and arousal(vigilance)…
Involved in the regulation of mood, sleep, hunger and arousal…
Acetylcholine(ach)
Released by motor neurons controlling skeletal muscles. Contr…
Dopamine(DA)
Contributes to the control of voluntary movement. Influences…
Brain and Behavior
The visual cortex is located in the
The short fibers which extend from the…
Which of the following neurotransmitte…
Chemical substances released by the en…
located in the occipital lobe
dendrites
norepinephrine
hormones
The visual cortex is located in the
located in the occipital lobe
The short fibers which extend from the…
dendrites
75 terms
Brain and Behavior Exam 1
Right Hemisphere Functions:
Left Hemisphere Functions:
Gyri (Gyrus):
Sulci (Sulcus):
Holistic Thoughts... Intuition... Creativity... Art and Art History
Analytic Thoughts... Logic... Language... Science and Math
bumps on the folded surface
grooves of the cortex
Right Hemisphere Functions:
Holistic Thoughts... Intuition... Creativity... Art and Art History
Left Hemisphere Functions:
Analytic Thoughts... Logic... Language... Science and Math
Brain and Behavior chapter 2
What is the neuraxis? how does it diff…
what are dorsal/ventral?
what is rostral/caudal?
what is anterior/posterior?
neuraxis: the direction in which the central nervous system l…
dorsal is toward the back (toward the sky on the human head)…
rostral is the front, (by the face/beak) caudal is in the bac…
anterior=by the front of the head, posterior=by the tail
What is the neuraxis? how does it diff…
neuraxis: the direction in which the central nervous system l…
what are dorsal/ventral?
dorsal is toward the back (toward the sky on the human head)…
59 terms
Brain and Behavior
Gray Matter
White Matter
CNS - Central Nervous System
PNS - Peripheral Nervous System
Areas of nervous system composed predominately of cell bodies…
Areas of the nervous system rich in fat-sheathed neural axons…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Neurons and nerve processes outside of the CNS ex: Receptors…
Gray Matter
Areas of nervous system composed predominately of cell bodies…
White Matter
Areas of the nervous system rich in fat-sheathed neural axons…
127 terms
BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR
Subareas
Dualism
Monism
Phineas Gage
Psychopharmacology- drugs and behavior... Psychoneuroendocrinolo…
They are different-- mind and brain
They are the same-- mind and brain
Personality changed because of iron through brain
Subareas
Psychopharmacology- drugs and behavior... Psychoneuroendocrinolo…
Dualism
They are different-- mind and brain
106 terms
Exam 1 Brain and Behavior
Horizontal Plane
Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Rostral
posterior
Horizontal Plane
Coronal Plane
127 terms
BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR
Subareas
Dualism
Monism
Phineas Gage
Psychopharmacology- drugs and behavior... Psychoneuroendocrinolo…
They are different-- mind and brain
They are the same-- mind and brain
Personality changed because of iron through brain
Subareas
Psychopharmacology- drugs and behavior... Psychoneuroendocrinolo…
Dualism
They are different-- mind and brain
138 terms
Brain and Behavior
Encoding
Consolidation
retrieval
types of memory (6)
Placement of new information into memory
Short-term memories are moved to long-term
Accessing stored memories
Short-term, long-term, working, semantic declarative, episodi…
Encoding
Placement of new information into memory
Consolidation
Short-term memories are moved to long-term
120 terms
Brain and Behavior
receptor cell
labeled lines
generator potential
sensory transduction
a specialized cell that responds to a particular energy or su…
the concept that each nerve input to the brain reports only a…
a local change in the resting potential of a receptor cell th…
the process in which a receptor cell converts energy in a sti…
receptor cell
a specialized cell that responds to a particular energy or su…
labeled lines
the concept that each nerve input to the brain reports only a…
74 terms
Brain and Behavior
neuron
dendrites
soma
axon
nerve cell (hundred billion in body -- most in brain)
receive messages
cell body, produces energy
carries info away from cell body
neuron
nerve cell (hundred billion in body -- most in brain)
dendrites
receive messages
114 terms
Brain and behavior
Dualism
Descartes
interactionism
Pineal gland produces what?
the idea that the body and mind exist
proposed that the mind and body might interact in the pineal…
the idea that the mind and the body interact in the pineal gl…
melatonin when conditions are dark and provides a cue for sea…
Dualism
the idea that the body and mind exist
Descartes
proposed that the mind and body might interact in the pineal…
83 terms
Brain and Behavior Unit 1
E Na+
E K+
E Cl-
E Ca2+
62 mV
-80 mV
-65 mV
123 mV
E Na+
62 mV
E K+
-80 mV
36 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 1
neuron
neuroscience
thinking creatively
clinical
cells of the nervous system that are specialized for the rece…
the scientific study of the nervous system
thinking in productive, unconventional ways that are consiste…
pertaining to illness or treatment
neuron
cells of the nervous system that are specialized for the rece…
neuroscience
the scientific study of the nervous system
brain and behavior
Six Areas of Neuroscience relevant to…
Why is thinking about biology of behav…
Heritability
Sex linked gene
Neuroanatomy... Neurophysiology ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathalogy... N…
What affects BRAIN affects MIND. Behavior is not physiologica…
Estimate of how much of the variance in a characteristic is d…
Gene on the sex chromosome determines gender
Six Areas of Neuroscience relevant to…
Neuroanatomy... Neurophysiology ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathalogy... N…
Why is thinking about biology of behav…
What affects BRAIN affects MIND. Behavior is not physiologica…
Brain and Behavior
The Neuron
Myelin sheath:
Neurotransmitters
Synapse
3 main parts (dendrites, cell body and axon)... dendrites: branc…
fatty tissue that covers the axon of some neuron and helps sp…
chemical messengers that transverse the synaptic gaps between…
if the threshold is not reached then no action potential will…
The Neuron
3 main parts (dendrites, cell body and axon)... dendrites: branc…
Myelin sheath:
fatty tissue that covers the axon of some neuron and helps sp…
135 terms
Brain and Behavior
Horizontal Plane
Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Rostral
shows structures viewed from above
frontal section- shows view from the front
divides structures into right and left parts
posterior
Horizontal Plane
shows structures viewed from above
Coronal Plane
frontal section- shows view from the front
40 terms
Brain and Behavior
Dualism
CentralNervousSystem
PeripheralNervousSystem
Afferent Neurons
idea that the mind and brain are separate
consists of the brain and spinal cord
controls all voluntary and involuntary muscles and glands.
are pathways that carry sensory information from the body to…
Dualism
idea that the mind and brain are separate
CentralNervousSystem
consists of the brain and spinal cord
100 terms
Brain and Behavior
What are the main types of cells that…
neurons
Receptors
Interneurons
neurons, which process information... glia, which provide the n…
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
Highly specialized neurons that act to encode sensory informa…
receive signals from and send signals to other nerve cells. p…
What are the main types of cells that…
neurons, which process information... glia, which provide the n…
neurons
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
187 terms
Brain and Behavior
Presbycusis
Conductive Hearing Loss
Bones of the Ear
Gate Spring Hypothesis
Hearing loss that occurs with age
Blockage, treatment, reversible
Malleus, incus, stapes, inner ear
1) K+ channels open due to mechanical stress ... 2) Membrane is…
Presbycusis
Hearing loss that occurs with age
Conductive Hearing Loss
Blockage, treatment, reversible
108 terms
brain and behavior
Six Areas of Neuroscience relevant to…
Why is thinking about biology of behav…
Heritability
Twin/adoption studies
Neuroanatomy... Neurophysiology ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathalogy... N…
What affects BRAIN affects MIND. Behavior is not physiologica…
Estimate of how much of the variance in a characteristic is d…
Tell us the level of heritability based on resemblance of the…
Six Areas of Neuroscience relevant to…
Neuroanatomy... Neurophysiology ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathalogy... N…
Why is thinking about biology of behav…
What affects BRAIN affects MIND. Behavior is not physiologica…
30 terms
Brain and Behavior
Neuron
dendrites
axon
synapse
individual nerve cell
fibers that receive incoming messages
fiber that carries information away from the cell body of a n…
space between two neurons
Neuron
individual nerve cell
dendrites
fibers that receive incoming messages
brain and behavior
neurons
neuron structure
soma
axon
nerve cells, transmit signals to each other
cell body--> myelin sheath (axon)--> axon terminals
cell body
single branch that extends from soma and transmits neural imp…
neurons
nerve cells, transmit signals to each other
neuron structure
cell body--> myelin sheath (axon)--> axon terminals
Brain & Behavior
Dendrites
Nucleus
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Receive information form other neurons and sensory receptors
Provides energy for the neuron to carry out its function
Carries messages to other body areas
Covers the axons of some neurons and speeds up neural impulses
Dendrites
Receive information form other neurons and sensory receptors
Nucleus
Provides energy for the neuron to carry out its function
Brain and Behavior
Monism
Dualism
Free Will Vs. Determinism
Ash Study
-the presumption that mind and body are different aspects of…
-the presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities…
-Determinism: outcomes motivated by adjustment to circumstanc…
-People want to conform, study where if all answered the wron…
Monism
-the presumption that mind and body are different aspects of…
Dualism
-the presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities…
37 terms
Brain and Behavior
The visual cortex is located in the
The short fibers which extend from the…
Which of the following neurotransmitte…
Chemical substances released by the en…
located in the occipital lobe
dendrites
norepinephrine
hormones
The visual cortex is located in the
located in the occipital lobe
The short fibers which extend from the…
dendrites
49 terms
Brain and Behavior
The brain can be grouped into three ma…
Hindbrain consists of...
Cerebellum
Medulla
hindbrain, midbrain, and forebrain
cerebellum, medulla, and the pons
coordinates motor function; if damaged, movements become jerk…
controls breathing and heart rate; regulates reflexes
The brain can be grouped into three ma…
hindbrain, midbrain, and forebrain
Hindbrain consists of...
cerebellum, medulla, and the pons
85 terms
Brain and behavior
Biological psychology
Brain
glia
neuron
the study of the physiological, evolutionary and developmenta…
• 100 Billion neurons (nerve cells).... • A quadrillion synapses…
the connective tissue of the nervous system, consisting of se…
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
Biological psychology
the study of the physiological, evolutionary and developmenta…
Brain
• 100 Billion neurons (nerve cells).... • A quadrillion synapses…
Brain and Behavior Test 1
Concordance
Monozygotic twin
Biopsychology
disciplines of neuroscience
The presence of a trait in both members of a pair of teins
Identical twins
The scientific study of the biology of behavior. He be propos…
Neuroanatomy ... Neurochemistry... Neuropathy... Neuropharmacology... Neu…
Concordance
The presence of a trait in both members of a pair of teins
Monozygotic twin
Identical twins
145 terms
Brain and Behavior Test 1
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
SOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
Brain and spinal cord
All those nerves that lie outside the brain and spinal cord.
A subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Enables volun…
A subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Controls invo…
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Brain and spinal cord
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
All those nerves that lie outside the brain and spinal cord.
62 terms
Brain and Behavior: Brain Injury
What are the main two types of brain t…
Which type of brain tumor is typically…
Characteristics of Meningiomia tumors…
Characteristics of Metastatic tumors
1. Meningioma... 2. Metastatic
Meningioma... It's encapsulated within the meninges and hence,…
1. Encapsulated tumor... 2. Cancerous cells grow within meninges…
1. Typically originate in another part of the body... 2. Infiltr…
What are the main two types of brain t…
1. Meningioma... 2. Metastatic
Which type of brain tumor is typically…
Meningioma... It's encapsulated within the meninges and hence,…
brain/ behavior
biological psychology
physiological explanations
ontogenetic explanations
evolutionary explanations
scientific study of the biological aspects of animal behavior
relate behavior to the activity of the brain and other organs
relation behavior to the development of the animals
relate behavior to the evolutionary history of the animal
biological psychology
scientific study of the biological aspects of animal behavior
physiological explanations
relate behavior to the activity of the brain and other organs
93 terms
Brain and Behavior Exam #1
Which glial cell is responsible for th…
Which type of cell is responsible for…
Which type of cell is responsible for…
What is the function of an astrocyte?
ependymal cell
Schwann cell
Oligodendrocyte
Provide nutrients and support. bind to blood vessels and help…
Which glial cell is responsible for th…
ependymal cell
Which type of cell is responsible for…
Schwann cell
Brain and Behavior Chapter 1
What is Neuroscience?
What is Biopsychology?
How are Neuroscience and Biopsychology…
What kind of evidence does our textboo…
the study of anything that relates to the nervous system
the study of the relationship between the brain and behavior
they both study the biology of the brain, and both can give i…
*the evolution of brain and behavior in diverse species of an…
What is Neuroscience?
the study of anything that relates to the nervous system
What is Biopsychology?
the study of the relationship between the brain and behavior
Brain and Behavior Ch. 2
central nervous system (CNS)
dorsal
ventral
anterior
brain and spinal cord
top of the brain
bottom of the brain
front
central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
dorsal
top of the brain
27 terms
The Brain and Behavior
Controls heartbeat and respiraton
Someone who is speaking in a garbled m…
The speech center is located in which…
Someone who suddenly cannot understand…
Medulla
Broca's Area
The left frontal
Wernicke's Area
Controls heartbeat and respiraton
Medulla
Someone who is speaking in a garbled m…
Broca's Area
26 terms
Brain and Behavior: Brain regeneration
Axotomy
Anterograde degeneration
Retrograde degeneration
Anterograde degeneration occurs ______…
severing of an axon
1.degeneration of the distal segment- the segment of a cut ax…
degeneration of the proximal segment--the segment of a cut ax…
quickly, ... Retrograde degeneration, many not occur at all---m…
Axotomy
severing of an axon
Anterograde degeneration
1.degeneration of the distal segment- the segment of a cut ax…
346 terms
Brain and Behavior Test 2
Presynaptic Neuron
Postsynaptic Neuron
Transmitter production
Transmitter Release
a drug may alter the -------- ---------- through effects on:…
a drug may alter ---- ----- that response to the released tra…
in ---- ------, drugs may block synthesis enzymes, axonal tra…
in --- -----, drugs can block action potentials by blocking i…
Presynaptic Neuron
a drug may alter the -------- ---------- through effects on:…
Postsynaptic Neuron
a drug may alter ---- ----- that response to the released tra…
Brain and Behavior
Name and define the 4 Rs.
Define connectome. How does the connec…
Define neural network and give two exa…
Why are such networks important to con…
reweight-... § neurons adjust or reweight connections by strengt…
connectome is all the connections in your brain... and the conne…
A neural network is the neural pathways and connections in th…
Networks are important because the activity of one cell affec…
Name and define the 4 Rs.
reweight-... § neurons adjust or reweight connections by strengt…
Define connectome. How does the connec…
connectome is all the connections in your brain... and the conne…
100 terms
Brain and Behavior Exam 1
biological psychology (aka biopsycholo…
what are 2 characteristics of the biol…
Pros to human subjects
Pros to animal subjects
the scientific study of the biology of behavior
1. strong emphasis placed on brain functioning... 2. explained a…
- can follow instructions... - can report subjective findings... -…
- can ethically perform more experiments on them... - brain proc…
biological psychology (aka biopsycholo…
the scientific study of the biology of behavior
what are 2 characteristics of the biol…
1. strong emphasis placed on brain functioning... 2. explained a…
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