Study sets matching "brain chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "brain chapter 10"

19 terms
Chapter 10 Brain Structure and Function
Four major divisions of the Brain
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Brain Stem
The largest part of the brain. It is divided into the right a…
Located beneath the cerebrum and above the brain stem. It inc…
This connects the spinal chord with higher brain structures.…
Four major divisions of the Brain
Cerebrum
The largest part of the brain. It is divided into the right a…
63 terms
Brain and Behaviour Chapter 10
Tumor/Neoplasm
Meningiomas
Encapsulated Tumors
Benign Tumors
A mass of cells that grow independently from the rest of the…
Tumors that grow between the meninges; about 20% of tumors
Tumors that grow within their own membrane and are easy to se…
Tumors that are surgically removable with little risk of furt…
Tumor/Neoplasm
A mass of cells that grow independently from the rest of the…
Meningiomas
Tumors that grow between the meninges; about 20% of tumors
Chapter 10 The Brain
Cerebrum
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebellum
Pons
Largest part ; "Thinking Area"
Nerve cells in sheets
Voluntary, Maintain balance and posture
Connection of nerves
Cerebrum
Largest part ; "Thinking Area"
Cerebral Cortex
Nerve cells in sheets
49 terms
Chapter 10 CNS Brain
The Central Nervous System
Prosencephalon
Mesencephalon
Rhombencephalon
Develops from the embryonic neural tube. ... Tube becomes ventri…
Forms the forebrain... Forms cerebrum ... Which hold:... 1) Telencepha…
Forms the mid brain ... Which hold: ... 1) Cerebral peduncle... 2) Cor…
Forms the Hindbrain ... Which hold: ... 1) Myelencephalon... 2) Metece…
The Central Nervous System
Develops from the embryonic neural tube. ... Tube becomes ventri…
Prosencephalon
Forms the forebrain... Forms cerebrum ... Which hold:... 1) Telencepha…
35 terms
Brain and Behavior chapter 10
sexually dimorphic behavior
gametes
sex chromosome
gonad
a behavior that has different forms or that occurs with diffe…
a mature reproductive cell; a sperm or ovum
The X and Y chromosomes, which determine an organism's gender…
an ovary or a testis
sexually dimorphic behavior
a behavior that has different forms or that occurs with diffe…
gametes
a mature reproductive cell; a sperm or ovum
43 terms
Chapter 10 Brain Bee
ASD
Autism spectrum disorder characterized…
common symptoms of ASD
Babies born in US each year with ASD
autism spectrum disorder
impaired social skills, verbal and nonverbal communication di…
intellectual disabilities, seizures, and gastrointestinal pro…
1 out of 110 or 40,000
ASD
autism spectrum disorder
Autism spectrum disorder characterized…
impaired social skills, verbal and nonverbal communication di…
brain chapter 10
4 main parts
brain stem components
choroid plexuses
medulla oblongata nuclei
diencephalon, brainstem, cerebrum and cerebellum
medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain
network of capillaries sites of CSF production
cardiovascular center & medullary respiratory center
4 main parts
diencephalon, brainstem, cerebrum and cerebellum
brain stem components
medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain
69 terms
Chapter 10- Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity
Tumor (Neoplasm)
Meningiomas
Encapsulated tumors
Benign tumors
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
These grow between the meninges that cover the CNS and consti…
Tumors that grow within their own membrane and are therefore…
Tumors that are surgically removable with little risk of furt…
Tumor (Neoplasm)
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
Meningiomas
These grow between the meninges that cover the CNS and consti…
66 terms
Chapter 10: Brain
Four Major Areas of the Brain
Cerebrum
Corpus Callosum
Parts of the Cerebrum
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum
Largest part of the brain; divided into right and left hemisp…
Allows the right and left sides of the brain to communicate
Frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital
Four Major Areas of the Brain
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum
Cerebrum
Largest part of the brain; divided into right and left hemisp…
32 terms
Brain and Behavior: Chapter 10
retinofugal projection
optic nerves
optic chiasm
decussation
neural pathway that leaves the eye (composed of the optic ner…
first part of the retinofugal projection; they exit the eyes…
second part of the retinofugal projection; where the optic ne…
the crossing of a fiber bundle from one side of the brain to…
retinofugal projection
neural pathway that leaves the eye (composed of the optic ner…
optic nerves
first part of the retinofugal projection; they exit the eyes…
Chapter 10- Language and the Brain
psycholinguistics
parallel processing
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the area of linguistics concerned with linguistic performance…
successful language comprehension requires that a lot of oper…
moves step-by-step from the incoming signal (acoustic or visu…
the listener relies on higher-level semantic, syntactic, and…
psycholinguistics
the area of linguistics concerned with linguistic performance…
parallel processing
successful language comprehension requires that a lot of oper…
22 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 10
Aphasia
Amplitude
Amusia
Basilar Membrane
Inability to speak or comprehend language despite the presenc…
Intensity of a stimulus; in audition, roughly equivalent to l…
Tone deafness—an inability to distinguish between musical not…
Receptor surface in the cochlea that transduces sound waves i…
Aphasia
Inability to speak or comprehend language despite the presenc…
Amplitude
Intensity of a stimulus; in audition, roughly equivalent to l…
31 terms
Chapter 10 Brain
Frontal Lobe
Temproal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Boss, emotional control, motor control; front of the brain
Language, hearing, memory; sides of the brain
Sensation; top of the brain
Vision; back of the brain
Frontal Lobe
Boss, emotional control, motor control; front of the brain
Temproal Lobe
Language, hearing, memory; sides of the brain
Chapter 10 vocab (brain)
Arachnoid mater
Arachnoid villi
Association fiber
Basal nuclei
a fine, delicate membrane, the middle one of the three membra…
small protrusions of the arachnoid through the dura mater
bundles of axons within the brain that unite different parts…
Gray matter areas deep within the white matter of the cerebra…
Arachnoid mater
a fine, delicate membrane, the middle one of the three membra…
Arachnoid villi
small protrusions of the arachnoid through the dura mater
7 terms
Brain Bee Chapter 10
Methylphenidate
Chroionic Villus
Amniocentesis
Bupropion
Stimulant used to treat ADHD by enhancing catecholamine trans…
Placental tissue sampling
Amniotic tissue sampling
Non-nicotine prescription also used as an antidepressant... Non-…
Methylphenidate
Stimulant used to treat ADHD by enhancing catecholamine trans…
Chroionic Villus
Placental tissue sampling
81 terms
Chapter 10 Brain
Olfactory nerve
Optic nerve
Oculomotor nerve
Trochlear nerve/pathic nerve
smell (in nose)
Vision (in and behind eyes)
Eye movement, pupil constriction (In and behind eyes)
Eye movement
Olfactory nerve
smell (in nose)
Optic nerve
Vision (in and behind eyes)
Chapter 10: Brain and Spinal Cord
cerebr/o
chori/o
contra-
encephal/o
brain
membrane
opposed, against
brain
cerebr/o
brain
chori/o
membrane
30 terms
Chapter 10 Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity
7 Causes of Brain Damage
Brain Tumors
Infiltrating Tumors
Metastatic Tumors
Brain Tumors... Cerebrovascular Disorders (Strokes)... Close-Head I…
Meningiomas - tumors that grow between the meninges; 20% of b…
those that grow diffusely through surrounding tissue in the b…
don't originate in the brain (only 10%)
7 Causes of Brain Damage
Brain Tumors... Cerebrovascular Disorders (Strokes)... Close-Head I…
Brain Tumors
Meningiomas - tumors that grow between the meninges; 20% of b…
111 terms
Chapter 10- Brain Damage and Neurosplasticity
stroke
cerebral hemmoraghe
cerebral ischemia
the third leading cause of death in th…
a sudden onset cerebrovascular event that causes brain damage
bleeding in the brain
disruption of blood supply
stroke is the ____ most leading cause of death in the US and…
stroke
a sudden onset cerebrovascular event that causes brain damage
cerebral hemmoraghe
bleeding in the brain
63 terms
Chapter 10: Brain Damage and Neuroplasticity
tumor (neoplasm)
meningiomas
encapsulated tumor
benign tumor
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
A tumor that grow between the meninges
A tumor that grow within their own membrane
A tumor that are surgically removable with the little risk of…
tumor (neoplasm)
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
meningiomas
A tumor that grow between the meninges
82 terms
Brain Chapter 10 Internal Regulation
Three Major Internal Issues
Why do the bird stand on one foot?
Why do toucans have such huge bills?
Homeostasis
Body temperature regulation, body water balance, and eating r…
It makes sense in term of temperature ... regulation. Holding on…
They use their bills to radiate heat when they need to cool t…
-refers to temperature regulation and other biological proces…
Three Major Internal Issues
Body temperature regulation, body water balance, and eating r…
Why do the bird stand on one foot?
It makes sense in term of temperature ... regulation. Holding on…
chapter 10 (Brain)
what are the four lobes of the cerebrum
whats makes up the diencephalons
list three meninges
what is the fluid produced in the vent…
frontal... temporal... parietal... occipital
thalmus and hypothalmus
dura mater... arachnoid... pia mater
cerebrospinal fluid
what are the four lobes of the cerebrum
frontal... temporal... parietal... occipital
whats makes up the diencephalons
thalmus and hypothalmus
34 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Binding Problem
Blindsight
Color Agnosia
Color Constancy
The question of how the brain combines all the information ab…
The ability of cortically blind individuals to respond to vis…
Loss of the ability to perceive colors due to brain damage.
The ability to recognize the natural color of an object in sp…
Binding Problem
The question of how the brain combines all the information ab…
Blindsight
The ability of cortically blind individuals to respond to vis…
Brain and Behavior Chapter 10
Homeostasis Process
What expands the most energy?
Preoptic Area/ Anterior Hypothalamus (…
Antidiuretic Hormone
Refers to temperature regulation and other biological process…
Temperature regulation or basal metabolism
Partially monitors the body's temperature by monitoring its o…
It enables the kidneys to reabsorb water and excrete highly c…
Homeostasis Process
Refers to temperature regulation and other biological process…
What expands the most energy?
Temperature regulation or basal metabolism
59 terms
Chapter 10 The Human Brain
brain
brain stem
cerebrospinal fluid
cerebrospinal fluid
one of the largest organs of the body; consists of about 85 b…
continuous with the spinal cord and consists of the medulla o…
spinal cord and brain are further protected against chemical…
clear, colorless liquid that carries oxygen, glucose, and oth…
brain
one of the largest organs of the body; consists of about 85 b…
brain stem
continuous with the spinal cord and consists of the medulla o…
43 terms
Chapter 10: Brain damage
Classifications of Tumors
Encapsulated
Infiltrating
Benign
Encapsulated vs. infiltrating; Benign vs. malignant; Primary…
tumor inside membrane
tumor with no membrane so it spreads
tumor is easy to remove, no cells left
Classifications of Tumors
Encapsulated vs. infiltrating; Benign vs. malignant; Primary…
Encapsulated
tumor inside membrane
98 terms
<Chapter 10> NEUROLOGY: The Brain
tickle
examine
ticklish
patient
간지럽히다
조사하다, 검사하다
간지럼 타는
환자
tickle
간지럽히다
examine
조사하다, 검사하다
51 terms
Brain & Behavior: Chapter 10
Neoplasm
Meningiomas
Encapsulated Tumors
Benign Tumors
"New Growth" (tumor)
Tumors that grow in the meninges
Tumors that grow within their own membrane. Almost always ben…
Tumors that are surgically removable with little risk or furt…
Neoplasm
"New Growth" (tumor)
Meningiomas
Tumors that grow in the meninges
28 terms
Chapter 10 The Brain
communication
senses, integrative, and responds
sensory function
integrative function
what is the main function of the nervous system?
what are the 3 functions of the nervous system?
which function senses stimuli/ changes?
which function analyzes, stores and makes decisions?
communication
what is the main function of the nervous system?
senses, integrative, and responds
what are the 3 functions of the nervous system?
32 terms
Chapter 10 brain conditioner
Pattern of texture
A slow-speed texture pattern
Oval
Oval
The term texture character refers to the:
A long, slow wave would be an example of:
Which shape is generally recognized as the ideal face shape?
Center parts generally work well with what type of face shape?
Pattern of texture
The term texture character refers to the:
A slow-speed texture pattern
A long, slow wave would be an example of:
61 terms
Chapter 10 the brain
The four regions of the brain
Meninges
Pia mater
Arachnoid
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem, cerebellum
Three layers of connective tissue that surround both the brai…
The innermost layer of meninges around the brain. It is attac…
Middle layer of the meninges. Loosely attached to the pia mat…
The four regions of the brain
Cerebrum, diencephalon, brain stem, cerebellum
Meninges
Three layers of connective tissue that surround both the brai…
53 terms
Chapter 10 Brain & Behavior
Homeostasis
Set point
Food Intake Regulation
Food Intake Regulation
the tendency of a system to maintain an internal stability
value around which homeostasis mechanisms are regulated or ad…
initiation of eating/hunger stimulus
cessation of eating/satiety
Homeostasis
the tendency of a system to maintain an internal stability
Set point
value around which homeostasis mechanisms are regulated or ad…
24 terms
Chapter 10: Language and the Brain
psycholinguistics
speech signal
top-down processing
bottom-up processing
study of linguistic performance or processing, the use of lin…
can be described in terms of fundamental frequency (pitch), i…
uses semantic and syntactic information in addition to the le…
gives primacy to the information contained in the sensory input
psycholinguistics
study of linguistic performance or processing, the use of lin…
speech signal
can be described in terms of fundamental frequency (pitch), i…
Chapter 10-Brain and Behavior
tumor
meningiomas
encapsulated
benign tumors
a mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
tumors that grow between the meninges
tumors that grow within their own membrane
tumors that are surgically removable without little risk of f…
tumor
a mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
meningiomas
tumors that grow between the meninges
Brain and Behavior Chapter 10
compres
rarefied
sound waves
cycle
grow more dense
grow less dense
*is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechan…
*the change from one maximum or minimum air-pressure level of…
compres
grow more dense
rarefied
grow less dense
63 terms
Chapter 10: The Brain and Cranial Nerves
Cerebrum
Diencephalon
Brain stem
Cerebellum
Largest part of the brain. Divided into right and left cerebr…
Area located between the cerebral hemispheres and the brain s…
Connects the cerebrum and the diencephalon with the spinal co…
Connected with the cerebrum, brain stem and spinal cord by me…
Cerebrum
Largest part of the brain. Divided into right and left cerebr…
Diencephalon
Area located between the cerebral hemispheres and the brain s…
CHAPTER 10- BRAIN DAMAGE
Why is the study of human brain damage…
What are the 6 types of brain damage?
Term: Tumor (neoplasm)
20% of tumors are ___________
Increases our understanding of the healthy brain, and it serv…
Brain tumors, cerebrovascular disorders, closed-head injuries…
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
Meningiomas: tumors that grow between the meninges
Why is the study of human brain damage…
Increases our understanding of the healthy brain, and it serv…
What are the 6 types of brain damage?
Brain tumors, cerebrovascular disorders, closed-head injuries…
7 terms
Chapter 10 Organization of the brain
cerebrum
diencephalon
mid brain
brain stem
cortex is the site for conscious thought, memory, reasoning,…
thalamus sorts and redirects sensory input, hypothalamus main…
has reflex centers concerned with vision and hearing
connects cerebrum and diencephalon with spinal cord
cerebrum
cortex is the site for conscious thought, memory, reasoning,…
diencephalon
thalamus sorts and redirects sensory input, hypothalamus main…
16 terms
chapter 10 - emotions and the brain
emotions as response patterns
fear
fear research w/ animals
fear research w/ humans
Behavioral component consists of muscular movements that are…
Lateral nucleus (LA)... Nucleus of amygdala that receives sensor…
Conditioned Emotional Response... Classically conditioned respon…
Research with Humans... CER of Fear both classically conditioned…
emotions as response patterns
Behavioral component consists of muscular movements that are…
fear
Lateral nucleus (LA)... Nucleus of amygdala that receives sensor…
32 terms
Chapter 10: Language and The Brain
Psycholinguistics
Linguistic Performace
Acoustic Speech Signal
Fundamental Frequency
the branch of linguistics concerned with linguistic performan…
the use of linguistic competence in the production and compre…
the sound waves produced by any sound source, including speech
in speech, the rate at which the vocal cords vibrate, symboli…
Psycholinguistics
the branch of linguistics concerned with linguistic performan…
Linguistic Performace
the use of linguistic competence in the production and compre…
27 terms
Chapter 10 Disease of the brain
amnesia
anencephaly
aphasia
arteriovenous malformation (AVM
partial or total loss of memory of recent or remote experienc…
rare congenital condition in which some or all of the cranium…
Loss of the ability to communicate verbally or in writing. ... O…
Abnormality in which arteries in the brain connect directly t…
amnesia
partial or total loss of memory of recent or remote experienc…
anencephaly
rare congenital condition in which some or all of the cranium…
35 terms
Brain and Behavior: Chapter 10
tumor or neoplasm
meningiomas
encapsulated tumors
encapsulated tumors
mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the body
tumors that grow between the meninges (3 membranes of the CNS)
tumors that grow within their own membrane
all meningiomas are
tumor or neoplasm
mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the body
meningiomas
tumors that grow between the meninges (3 membranes of the CNS)
16 terms
Chapter 10: LANGUAGE AND THE BRAIN
Psycholinguistics
Lexical decision
Semantic priming
Garden path sentences
Linguistics concerned with linguistic performance, language a…
A task of subjects in psycholinguistic experiments who on pre…
The effect of being able to recognize a word (ex, doctor) mor…
Sentences that appear at first to be ungrammatical, but with…
Psycholinguistics
Linguistics concerned with linguistic performance, language a…
Lexical decision
A task of subjects in psycholinguistic experiments who on pre…
43 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 10
Tumor
Meningiomas
Infiltrating Tumors
Gliomas
Mass of cells that grows independent of body
Tumors that grow in meninges (20% of brain tumors)... All encaps…
Grow diffusely throughout surrounding tissue... Usually malignan…
Brain tumors that develop from glial cells... Infiltrating, rapi…
Tumor
Mass of cells that grows independent of body
Meningiomas
Tumors that grow in meninges (20% of brain tumors)... All encaps…
36 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 10
Neoplasm
Meningioma
Gliomas
Glutamate
A mass that grow independently from the rest of the body
Tumor that grows between the meninges
Tumors developed by glial cells
excitatory neurotransmitter
Neoplasm
A mass that grow independently from the rest of the body
Meningioma
Tumor that grows between the meninges
Chapter 10: The Auditory Brain
Cochlear Nucleus
Inferior Colliculus
Medial Geniculate Body
Superior Olivary Complex
A structure in the brain stem )one on each side of the brain)…
A structure in the midbrain (one on each side of the brain);…
A structure in the thalamus (one on each side of the brain);…
A structure in the brain stem (one on each side of the brain)…
Cochlear Nucleus
A structure in the brain stem )one on each side of the brain)…
Inferior Colliculus
A structure in the midbrain (one on each side of the brain);…
Chapter 10: The Developing Brain
circumstantial
chisel
sordid
bulge
fully detailed and specific about particulars
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
(adj.) wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish
swell or protrude outwards
circumstantial
fully detailed and specific about particulars
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
Chapter 10: The Auditory Brain
Cochlear Nucleus
Inferior Colliculus
Medial Geniculate Body
Superior Olivary Complex
A structure in the brain stem (one on each side of the brain)…
A structure in the midbrain (one on each side of the brain);…
A structure in the thalamus (one on each side of the brain);…
A structure in the brain stem (one on each side of the brain)…
Cochlear Nucleus
A structure in the brain stem (one on each side of the brain)…
Inferior Colliculus
A structure in the midbrain (one on each side of the brain);…
20 terms
Chapter 10 The developing brain
irreversible
conception
glide
sordid
not able to be undone or altered
the way in which something is perceived or regarded
move with a smooth continuous motion
involving ignoble actions and motives
irreversible
not able to be undone or altered
conception
the way in which something is perceived or regarded
Chapter 10: Drugs and the Brain
acamprosate
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)
acute tolerance
alcohol dehydrogenase
Partial antagonist at NMDA receptors used for the treatment o…
Enzyme in the liver that metabolizes the acetaldehyde interme…
Rapid tolerance formed during a single administration of a dr…
Enzyme in the liver and stomach that oxidizes alcohol into ac…
acamprosate
Partial antagonist at NMDA receptors used for the treatment o…
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)
Enzyme in the liver that metabolizes the acetaldehyde interme…
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