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Study sets matching "brain chapter 5"

30 terms
Athena The Brain-chapter 5
silhouette
celestial
nectar
snarky
63 the solid dark shape that you see when someone or somethin…
64 heavenly, to do with the stars and the sky
64 a thick sweet fruit juice, a drink of gods and goddesses
64 making rude comments, saying a mean joke
silhouette
63 the solid dark shape that you see when someone or somethin…
celestial
64 heavenly, to do with the stars and the sky
19 terms
Brain Bee Chapter 5
Extensor
Flexor
Agonists
Antagonists
Joint closer
Joint opener
Muscles that move a joint in an intended direction
Muscles that oppose agonists; acting as stoppers
Extensor
Joint closer
Flexor
Joint opener
30 terms
Brain Facts Chapter 5
skeletal muscles
joint flexor
joint extensor
opposition
most muscles are these and attach to points on the skeleton a…
a muscle that is a "closer"
a muscle that is an "opener"
flexors and extensors work in ___________ to each other, caus…
skeletal muscles
most muscles are these and attach to points on the skeleton a…
joint flexor
a muscle that is a "closer"
43 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 5
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Activating System
Alzheimer's Disease
Autoreceptor
First neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and centr…
Neural pathways that coordinate brain activity through a sing…
Degenerative brain disorder related to aging that first appea…
"Self-receptor" in a neural membrane that responds to the tra…
Acetylcholine (ACh)
First neurotransmitter discovered in the peripheral and centr…
Activating System
Neural pathways that coordinate brain activity through a sing…
97 terms
Brain & Behavior - Chapter 5
______ is a neurotransmitter that slow…
Acetylcholine helps ______ muscle cont…
______ can also act as neurotransmitte…
Chemicals released by a neuron onto a…
A) Acetylcholine; norepinephrine
D) inhibit; excite
C) Hormones
C) neurotransmitters.
______ is a neurotransmitter that slow…
A) Acetylcholine; norepinephrine
Acetylcholine helps ______ muscle cont…
D) inhibit; excite
85 terms
Chapter 5: Hormones and the Brain
Endocrine glands
exocrine gland
neurocrine function/synaptic communica…
endocrine communication
gland that secretes products into bloodstream to act on dista…
gland whose secretions exit the body via ducts (sweat, tears,…
typically highly localized
chem sig is a hormone released into bloodstream to target org…
Endocrine glands
gland that secretes products into bloodstream to act on dista…
exocrine gland
gland whose secretions exit the body via ducts (sweat, tears,…
33 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 5
Neurotransmitter
Presynaptic membrane
Synaptic cleft
Postsynaptic membrane
Chemical released by a neuron onto a target with an excitator…
Encloses molecules that transmit chemical messages. Membrane…
Small space separating presynaptic terminal and postsynaptic…
Contains receptor molecules that receive chemical messages. M…
Neurotransmitter
Chemical released by a neuron onto a target with an excitator…
Presynaptic membrane
Encloses molecules that transmit chemical messages. Membrane…
86 terms
Chapter5: the brain and memory
sight-read
retain
intact
miracle
verb: to play or sing written music when you look at it for t…
verb: to keep facts in your memory
adj: not broken, damaged, or spoiled
noun: something lucky that happens when you did not expect it…
sight-read
verb: to play or sing written music when you look at it for t…
retain
verb: to keep facts in your memory
10 terms
chapter 5 the right brain , left brain controversy
dominate
decade
otherwise
creative
have the most influence and control
a period of time equal to10 years
that the situation was different
good at thinking of new ideas or making new things
dominate
have the most influence and control
decade
a period of time equal to10 years
43 terms
Chapter 5 Brain and behavior
The recognition of objects by sound is…
The purpose of the pinna is to:
Pure tones are sounds:
Which of the following is not a type o…
dorsal auditory pathway.
funnel sound waves into the ear canal.
with a single frequency.
perpendicular cells
The recognition of objects by sound is…
dorsal auditory pathway.
The purpose of the pinna is to:
funnel sound waves into the ear canal.
26 terms
Chapter 5: Development of the Brain
nature vs. nurture
vertebrate brain growth
brain weight
steps of growth for CNS
Biological: the growth and maturation of sensory, motor, and…
-Form when the embryo is 2 weeks old... -Neural tube forms --> d…
- at birth: 350g... - at end of first year: 1000g... - adult: 1200-…
1. Proliferation... 2. Migration... 3. Differentiation... 4. Myelination
nature vs. nurture
Biological: the growth and maturation of sensory, motor, and…
vertebrate brain growth
-Form when the embryo is 2 weeks old... -Neural tube forms --> d…
79 terms
Chapter 5 - Brain & Behaviorout 7/
Experimental Ablation
Lesion Study
Excitotoxic Lesion
RF
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
A synonym for experimental ablation
A brain lesion produced by intracerebral injection of an exci…
Radio frequency
Experimental Ablation
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain of a lab…
Lesion Study
A synonym for experimental ablation
25 terms
Athena The Brain-chapter 5
silhouette
celestial
nectar
snarky
63 the solid dark shape that you see when someone or somethin…
64 heavenly, to do with the stars and the sky
64 a thick sweet fruit juice, a drink of gods and goddesses
64 making rude comments, saying a mean joke
silhouette
63 the solid dark shape that you see when someone or somethin…
celestial
64 heavenly, to do with the stars and the sky
25 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 5
Positive Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement
Punishment
Addiction
Behavior increases in frequency when event happens; basic rew…
Behavior increases when event is removed... ex. withdrawal symp…
Frequency of behavior goes down
compulsive use of a drug... people suffering from this are preo…
Positive Reinforcement
Behavior increases in frequency when event happens; basic rew…
Negative Reinforcement
Behavior increases when event is removed... ex. withdrawal symp…
48 terms
Brain and Behavior: Chapter 5
synaptic transmission
electrical synapses
chemical synapses
gap junctions
information transfer at a synapse
electrical current flows from one neuron to the next (fairly…
chemical neurotransmitters transfer information from one neur…
sites where electrical synapses occur (very narrow gap)
synaptic transmission
information transfer at a synapse
electrical synapses
electrical current flows from one neuron to the next (fairly…
26 terms
Brain Bee Chapter 5
CNS
skeletal muscles
alpha motor neuron
flexor
controls muscles
-attach to points on skeleton... -cross one or more joints... -each…
controls muscle fibers
closes joint
CNS
controls muscles
skeletal muscles
-attach to points on skeleton... -cross one or more joints... -each…
49 terms
brain mind and behavior chapter 5
why regular x-rays are useless
X-Ray Computed Tomography (CT scan)
Seeing the Brain: CT Scan advantage
Seeing the Brain: CT Scan disadvantage
•X-rays are passed through an object and onto photographic pl…
•Series of X-rays taken of horizontal sections ... •X-ray projec…
allows a 3D image of the brain
very low resolution of soft tissue
why regular x-rays are useless
•X-rays are passed through an object and onto photographic pl…
X-Ray Computed Tomography (CT scan)
•Series of X-rays taken of horizontal sections ... •X-ray projec…
12 terms
LAR-CHAPTER5-THE BRAIN AND MEMORY
abyss
consistency
engulfed in
immersed
deep emptiness... Vuc tham
regularity... tinh nhat quan
swallowed up by... nhan chim
completely involved in... dam
abyss
deep emptiness... Vuc tham
consistency
regularity... tinh nhat quan
19 terms
Chapter 5: The Lesioned Brain
group studies
single-case studies
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
transcranial direct current stimulatio…
in neuropsychology, the performance of different patients is…
in cognitive neuropsychology, the data from different patient…
non-invasive stimulation of the brain caused by a rapidly cha…
non-invasive stimulation of the brain caused by passing a wea…
group studies
in neuropsychology, the performance of different patients is…
single-case studies
in cognitive neuropsychology, the data from different patient…
27 terms
LAB CHAPTER 5: brain
op/opth-
-um
cerebrum
cerebellum
eye
thing
-all lobes... thinking, personality, emotion, motivation, memory.
gross and fine motor movement... -muscle memory, balance
op/opth-
eye
-um
thing
30 terms
Chapter 5: Brain Development and Plasticity
cerebrovascular accident
closed head injury
collateral sprouts
deafferented
stroke
sharp blow to the head resulting from accident or assault tha…
after a cell loses input from an axon, it secretes neurotroph…
having lost sensory input
cerebrovascular accident
stroke
closed head injury
sharp blow to the head resulting from accident or assault tha…
5 terms
Brain Facts chapter 5
Name disease where motor neurons die?
How does reflexes start?
Brain area voluntary movement?
PD symptoms?
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis = ALS
Activation of small sensory receptors in skin/joint/muscle
Motor cortex (Alfa motor neurons)... Basal ganglia, thalamus, ce…
Tremor... Rigidity... Akinesia
Name disease where motor neurons die?
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis = ALS
How does reflexes start?
Activation of small sensory receptors in skin/joint/muscle
18 terms
Brain Bee Chapter 5:Movement
Central Nervous system
skeletal muscles
joint flexor
joint extensor
controls the actions of hundreds of muscles
The muscles that attatch to the skeleton and cross one or mor…
closes the joint when that muscle is activated
opens the joint when that muscle is activated
Central Nervous system
controls the actions of hundreds of muscles
skeletal muscles
The muscles that attatch to the skeleton and cross one or mor…
41 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Addiction
Agonist Treatment
Alcohol
Amphetamine
A preoccupation with obtaining a drug, compulsive use of the…
Addiction treatment that replaces the addicting drug with ano…
Ethanol, a drug fermented from fruits, grains, and other plan…
One of a group of synthetic drugs that produce euphoria and i…
Addiction
A preoccupation with obtaining a drug, compulsive use of the…
Agonist Treatment
Addiction treatment that replaces the addicting drug with ano…
36 terms
Chapter 5 (Development and Plasticity of the Brain)
when does central nervous system begin…
development of neurons in brain involv…
proliferation
migration
when embryo is approx 2 weeks old
Proliferation... Differentiation... Myelination... synaptogenesis
the production of new cells/ neurons in the brain primarily o…
the movement of the newly formed neurons and glia to their ev…
when does central nervous system begin…
when embryo is approx 2 weeks old
development of neurons in brain involv…
Proliferation... Differentiation... Myelination... synaptogenesis
17 terms
Chapter 5: Brain Development
Apoptosis
BDNF (Brain-derived neurotropic factor)
Cannabinoids
Collateral sprouts
programmed mechanism of cell death (cell suicide)
a neurotrophin similar to nerve growth factor
chemicals related to D9-THC
newly formed branches of an axon
Apoptosis
programmed mechanism of cell death (cell suicide)
BDNF (Brain-derived neurotropic factor)
a neurotrophin similar to nerve growth factor
60 terms
Chapter 5: The Brain
central nervous system
prozac
spinal chord
peripheral nervous system
processes, interprets and stores info. Sends orders to muscle…
It can treat depression,OCD, bulimia, and panic disorder.
links brain to peripheral nervous system, processes some emer…
relays info to and from the central nervous system to the body
central nervous system
processes, interprets and stores info. Sends orders to muscle…
prozac
It can treat depression,OCD, bulimia, and panic disorder.
17 terms
CHAPTER 5 -THE BRAIN
cerebrum
cerbral cortex
basal ganglia
gyrus
largest part of the brain
outer layer of cerebrum (grey matter)
masses of grey matter inside each cerebral hemisphere
folding, rounder ridges, convolutions
cerebrum
largest part of the brain
cerbral cortex
outer layer of cerebrum (grey matter)
14 terms
Brain and Behaviour: Chapter 5 Terms
Proliferation
Migration
Immunoglobins and Chemokines
Differentiates
production of new cells. Cells lining the ventricles of the b…
after cells have differentiated as neurons or glia, they move…
guide migration.
forms axons and dendrites (axon grow first); sometimes towed…
Proliferation
production of new cells. Cells lining the ventricles of the b…
Migration
after cells have differentiated as neurons or glia, they move…
10 terms
Chapter 5: Brain Ventricles - 6 Questions
Lateral Ventricles
Lateral Ventricles: Frontal (Anterior)…
Lateral Ventricles: Body
Lateral Ventricle: Atrium (Trigone)
Within the cerebral hemisphere
Begins anterir to the interventricular foramenof Monro and ex…
Poterior to the interventricular foramen of monro, within the…
Area of convergence of the occipital horn, the temporal horn,…
Lateral Ventricles
Within the cerebral hemisphere
Lateral Ventricles: Frontal (Anterior)…
Begins anterir to the interventricular foramenof Monro and ex…
10 terms
Chapter 5: Brain Development
Brain Plasticity
Cerebral Cortex
Fontanels
Lateralization
The capacity of various parts of the cerebral cortex to take…
The largest, most complex structure of the human brain, conta…
Six gaps, or "soft spots" separating the bones of the skull a…
Specialization of functions in the two himispheres of the cer…
Brain Plasticity
The capacity of various parts of the cerebral cortex to take…
Cerebral Cortex
The largest, most complex structure of the human brain, conta…
29 terms
Chapter 5 - the Brain!
differentiation
intetration
neuron
dendrite
a gradual transition form general possibility to specialized…
an increasing coordination of body parts over the course of d…
cell that transmits information to other cells; also called a…
branchlike part of a neuron that receives information from ot…
differentiation
a gradual transition form general possibility to specialized…
intetration
an increasing coordination of body parts over the course of d…
64 terms
Brain & Behavior Chapter 5
Contrast X-Ray Techniques
Cerebral Angiography
Computed Tomography (CT)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Techniques used for visualizing the brain. Involves injecting…
A type of contrast x-ray technique. Uses the infusion of a ra…
Computer-assisted x-ray procedure used to visualize the brain…
Procedure in which high-resolution images are constructed fro…
Contrast X-Ray Techniques
Techniques used for visualizing the brain. Involves injecting…
Cerebral Angiography
A type of contrast x-ray technique. Uses the infusion of a ra…
45 terms
Chapter 5- the brain
Structure and function of the brain
The hindbrain
Midbrain( co-ordinates movement, sleep…
Forebrain
Hindbrain ... Midbrain ... Forebrain
Cerebellum (perception and cognition, balance and fine muscle…
Reticular formation
Cerebrum ... Hypothalamus ( regulates emotions and instinctive'…
Structure and function of the brain
Hindbrain ... Midbrain ... Forebrain
The hindbrain
Cerebellum (perception and cognition, balance and fine muscle…
12 terms
Chapter 5: Brain and Behavior
contrast x-rays
cerebral angiography
x-ray computed tomography (CT)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
inject something-absorbs x-ray in surrounding tissue
type of contrast x-ray
computer assisted, provides 3d representation of brain
high resolution, from measurement of waves emitted by hydroge…
contrast x-rays
inject something-absorbs x-ray in surrounding tissue
cerebral angiography
type of contrast x-ray
18 terms
Brain Bee Chapter 5:Movement
Central Nervous system
skeletal muscles
joint flexor
joint extensor
controls the actions of hundreds of muscles
The muscles that attatch to the skeleton and cross one or mor…
closes the joint when that muscle is activated
opens the joint when that muscle is activated
Central Nervous system
controls the actions of hundreds of muscles
skeletal muscles
The muscles that attatch to the skeleton and cross one or mor…
65 terms
Chapter 5 The Brain in Sleep
passive mechanism
different parts active and inactive
neurons
action potentials
used to think brain simply reduces activity and arousal to pr…
brain functionally reorganizes during sleep
key cells for brain functioning; electrically activated via c…
electrical impulses
passive mechanism
used to think brain simply reduces activity and arousal to pr…
different parts active and inactive
brain functionally reorganizes during sleep
Chapter 5: The Lesioned Brain
group studies
single-case studies
TMS (transcranial magnetic stimultion)
tDCS (transcranial direct current stim…
In cognitive neuropsychology, the performance of different pa…
In cognitive neuropsychology, the data from different patient…
Noninvasive stimulation of the brain caused by a rapidly chan…
Noninvasive stimulation of the brain caused by passing a week…
group studies
In cognitive neuropsychology, the performance of different pa…
single-case studies
In cognitive neuropsychology, the data from different patient…
73 terms
brain and behavior chapter 5
contrast x-ray techniques
cerebral angiography
computed tomography (CT)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
X-ray techniques that involve the injection into one compartm…
a contrast X-ray technique for visualizing the cerebral circu…
a computer-assisted X-ray procedure that can be used to visua…
a procedure in which high-resolution images of the structures…
contrast x-ray techniques
X-ray techniques that involve the injection into one compartm…
cerebral angiography
a contrast X-ray technique for visualizing the cerebral circu…
83 terms
Chapter 5: Hormones and the Brain
hormone
endocrine gland
exocrine gland
castration
a chemical secreted by an endocrine gland that is conveyed by…
a gland that secretes products into the bloodstream to act on…
a gland whose secretions exit the body via ducts
removal of the gonads, usually the testes
hormone
a chemical secreted by an endocrine gland that is conveyed by…
endocrine gland
a gland that secretes products into the bloodstream to act on…
17 terms
Pinky and the Brain Chapter 5
Farther of genetics
genotype of a male
Having 2 different alleles for a trait
passing of a trait from parents to off…
mendel
XY
heterozygous
heredity
Farther of genetics
mendel
genotype of a male
XY
15 terms
brain and behavior, chapter 5
pneumoencephalography
EEG
evoked potentials
event related potentials/ERP
a radiographic technique for examining the brain, involving t…
procedure that tracks and records brain wave patterns
electrical potential recorded from the nervous system followi…
a measured brain response that is directly a result of a spec…
pneumoencephalography
a radiographic technique for examining the brain, involving t…
EEG
procedure that tracks and records brain wave patterns
83 terms
Chapter 5 Brain and Behavior
"Nature" is growth and maturation of...
Behavioral development in children dep…
"Nurture" is experience and the...
When does the CNS form?
sensory, motor, and associational neurons
Behavior
way the synapse in the brain are activated/dominant
Embryo is 2 weeks old
"Nature" is growth and maturation of...
sensory, motor, and associational neurons
Behavioral development in children dep…
Behavior
16 terms
mind and brain chapter 5
law of specific nerve energies
light enters through the center of the…
light is focused by the lens and corne…
in the vertebrate retina, messages go…
states whatever excited a particular nerve establishes a spec…
pupil
retina
bipolar
law of specific nerve energies
states whatever excited a particular nerve establishes a spec…
light enters through the center of the…
pupil
72 terms
Psych Chapter 5: The Brain
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
nerves in limbs, organs, etc. Made up of the autonomic nervou…
responsible for voluntary control and spinal reflexes
responsible for control of fight or flight as well as activit…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
nerves in limbs, organs, etc. Made up of the autonomic nervou…
44 terms
Mind and Brain Chapter 5
Experimental ablation/lesion studies
Excitotoxic lesions
Sham lesions
Stereotaxic atlas
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain in a lab…
a brain lesion produced by intracerebral injection of an exci…
a placebo procedure that duplicates all the steps of producin…
a collection of drawings of sections of the brain of a partic…
Experimental ablation/lesion studies
The removal or destruction of a portion of the brain in a lab…
Excitotoxic lesions
a brain lesion produced by intracerebral injection of an exci…
46 terms
Brain and Behavior Chapter 5
Two considerations for biopsych
Contrast XRays
Computed Tomography (CT Scan)
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Studying the nervous system... Studying behavior
utilize dye to enhance what can be seen (like the angiogram)…
X-ray images are taken at many angles and combined... Still not…
Better resolution... Works by inducing magnetic field in a patie…
Two considerations for biopsych
Studying the nervous system... Studying behavior
Contrast XRays
utilize dye to enhance what can be seen (like the angiogram)…
17 terms
Chapter 5-Components of the brain
Hindbrain
Midbrain
Forebrain
Medulla
-Lower brain... -support bodily functions (links spinal cord and…
-Continuation of the spine
Contains important parts of the brain including the cerebrum,…
-Responsible for breathing, heartbeat and digestion
Hindbrain
-Lower brain... -support bodily functions (links spinal cord and…
Midbrain
-Continuation of the spine
56 terms
Chapter 5: Hormones and the Brain
Hormones
Hypothalamus (main functions)
Pineal Gland (main function)
Anterior Pituitary Gland
chemicals secreted and carried through the bloodstream to oth…
control of hormone secretions
reproductive maturation; body rhythms
hormone secretion by thyroid, adrenal cortex, and gonads; gro…
Hormones
chemicals secreted and carried through the bloodstream to oth…
Hypothalamus (main functions)
control of hormone secretions
97 terms
Chapter 5: Hormones and the Brain
Endocrine Gland
Exocrine Gland
Allomone
Peptide Hormone
A gland that secrets products into the bloodstream to act on…
A gland whose secretions exit the body via ducts (126)
A chemical signal that is released outside the body by one sp…
Molecules of which consist of a string of amino acids (130)
Endocrine Gland
A gland that secrets products into the bloodstream to act on…
Exocrine Gland
A gland whose secretions exit the body via ducts (126)
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