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Study sets matching "brain cognitive sciences"

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Study sets matching "brain cognitive sciences"

18 terms
Cognitive Science: Brain Areas
Occipital Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Vision
Touch, pain, temperature and pressure
Audit(hearing)
Reasoning, planning, problem solving
Occipital Lobe
Vision
Parietal Lobe
Touch, pain, temperature and pressure
110 terms
Cognitive Brain Science
How do action potentials vary?
What happens at the synapse?
What are drugs that affect neural comm…
What does cocaine do?
Neurons often have 'spontaneous activity' which can is modula…
At the synapse, the action potential is translated into a che…
psychoactive drugs
prevents the reuptake of dopamine
How do action potentials vary?
Neurons often have 'spontaneous activity' which can is modula…
What happens at the synapse?
At the synapse, the action potential is translated into a che…
9 terms
Brain and Cognitive Science Final
Nueron
Axon
Cell body
Dendrite
Functional unit of the motor system; Transmit electrochemical…
Transmits the output of processing to other nuerons
processes information for neuron
receive input from other neurons
Nueron
Functional unit of the motor system; Transmit electrochemical…
Axon
Transmits the output of processing to other nuerons
9 terms
Cognitive Science Parts of the Brain
corpus callosum
diencephalon
midbrain
hindbrain
connects the two hemispheres
thalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland
primitive sensory/motor
cerebellum, pons, medulla, responsible for balance, posture,…
corpus callosum
connects the two hemispheres
diencephalon
thalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland
294 terms
Brain and Cognitive Science Midterm #2bibik
What does language allow us to do?
Language versus written language
levels of organization (language)
sentence (example)
Language allows us to:... - Convey ideas, wishes, needs... - Social…
Writing... - Is a technology, developed a few thousand years ago…
sentences, phrases, words, morphology, and phonemes
The dogs play with the cats.
What does language allow us to do?
Language allows us to:... - Convey ideas, wishes, needs... - Social…
Language versus written language
Writing... - Is a technology, developed a few thousand years ago…
178 terms
Brain and Cognitive Science Midterm #3
attention
Capacity limitations of working short…
Cocktail-party phenomenon
Early Selection Attention Model
-Alertness and arousal... -Ability to select part of the incomin…
-can't attend to everything we have cognitive limitations... - 7…
1. out of all the voices in the room you can pull out the voi…
-one input gets processing at a time
attention
-Alertness and arousal... -Ability to select part of the incomin…
Capacity limitations of working short…
-can't attend to everything we have cognitive limitations... - 7…
239 terms
Brain and Cognitive Science Test #1
Why study brain and cognitive science?
Do thermostats think?
Roots of Cognitive Science
Who studies language?
- fun and interesting ... - useful applications: education, inte…
-thermostats exhibit (limited forms of) perception, reasoning…
-started in mid 1960's, roots in 50's... -no single approach is…
-psychologists, linguists, computer scientists, neuropsycholo…
Why study brain and cognitive science?
- fun and interesting ... - useful applications: education, inte…
Do thermostats think?
-thermostats exhibit (limited forms of) perception, reasoning…
294 terms
Brain and Cognitive Science Midterm #2
What does language allow us to do?
Language versus written language
levels of organization (language)
sentence (example)
Language allows us to:... - Convey ideas, wishes, needs... - Social…
Writing... - Is a technology, developed a few thousand years ago…
sentences, phrases, words, morphology, and phonemes
The dogs play with the cats.
What does language allow us to do?
Language allows us to:... - Convey ideas, wishes, needs... - Social…
Language versus written language
Writing... - Is a technology, developed a few thousand years ago…
2,000 terms
Combo with "Brain and Cognitive Sciences" and 27 others
Bottom-up processing
Top-down
Examples of Ambiguity Resoln
Introspection (Wilhelm Wundt)
Sensory information. Information is exclusively from the patt…
memory, assumptions, experience, knowledge from the world. Co…
Incorrectly spelt words in paragraph, but the first and last…
Problems conscious vs. unconscious subitizing
Bottom-up processing
Sensory information. Information is exclusively from the patt…
Top-down
memory, assumptions, experience, knowledge from the world. Co…
45 terms
Cognitive Science 210: Language in the Brain (Midterm 1)
Broca's area
Wernicke's area
Broca's Aphasia
Wernicke's Aphasia
controls language expression-area of the frontal lobe in left…
controls language reception-a brain area involved in language…
a language disorder in which speech production is typically r…
form of aphasia in which the person is able to produce langua…
Broca's area
controls language expression-area of the frontal lobe in left…
Wernicke's area
controls language reception-a brain area involved in language…
171 terms
Brain and Cognition
PNS
CNS
Teratogens
Malnutrition
(REGENERATION) PNS has glial cells (Schwann cells,) insulate…
(NO REGENERATION) CNS glial cells (oligodendrocytes) insulate…
Affect neural development
Most prevalent teratogen, found more in rural areas where foo…
PNS
(REGENERATION) PNS has glial cells (Schwann cells,) insulate…
CNS
(NO REGENERATION) CNS glial cells (oligodendrocytes) insulate…
84 terms
Brain - cognitive
Towards nose
Up
Down
Away from
Anterior or rostral
Superior
Inferior/Ventral
Posterior
Towards nose
Anterior or rostral
Up
Superior
56 terms
Brain and Cognition
Mental Representation
Neural Representation
Methodical Considerations
Electrophysiological
the sense in which properties of the outsie world (colors, ob…
they way in which properties of the outside world manifest th…
-temporal resolution-timescale of measurement... -spatial resolu…
sing cell recordings EEG/ERP
Mental Representation
the sense in which properties of the outsie world (colors, ob…
Neural Representation
they way in which properties of the outside world manifest th…
33 terms
The Cognitive Brain
Neurons
structure of the nervous system
The Nervous System
sensory:
the building blocks of the nervous system
CNS & PNS... PNS --> autonomic and somatic... autonomic --> SNS &…
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system compr…
input to the brain and spinal cord
Neurons
the building blocks of the nervous system
structure of the nervous system
CNS & PNS... PNS --> autonomic and somatic... autonomic --> SNS &…
41 terms
Brain & Cognition
Forebrain
Frontal lobe
Temporal lobe
Parietal lobe
Telencephalon (neocortex)
extends from the anterior of the brain back to the central su…
lies on the side of the brain, beginning below the lateral fi…
extends toward the rear of the brain, beginning at central su…
Forebrain
Telencephalon (neocortex)
Frontal lobe
extends from the anterior of the brain back to the central su…
155 terms
Brain and cognition
Anion
Cation
Selective permeability
What happens in Sodium-potassium pumps
Negatively charged ion
Positively charged ion
Some ions travel more easily through the membrane than others
Mechanisms used for the contours exchange of 3 sodium ions an…
Anion
Negatively charged ion
Cation
Positively charged ion
50 terms
Brain and Cognition
Activity of knowing and process throug…
Looked at children's reasoning
Organize actions or thoughts to help i…
We build schema's through
Cognition
Piaget
Schema (Piaget)
Experiences
Activity of knowing and process throug…
Cognition
Looked at children's reasoning
Piaget
88 terms
Brain and Cognition
Rostral
Caudal
Dorsal
Ventral
Anterior
Posterior
Superior
Inferior
Rostral
Anterior
Caudal
Posterior
cognition, brain
Occipital Lobe​ vision
temporal lobe
parietal lobe
frontal lobe
vision
audition
attention
executive function
Occipital Lobe​ vision
vision
temporal lobe
audition
40 terms
Brain and Cognition
Frontal Lobe
Motor Strip
Sensory Strip
Parietal Lobe
Planning, judgement, creativity, problem solving
Part of the frontal lobe that controls muscle movement and re…
Part of the frontal lobe that receives and sends messages abo…
Processes information about space and time and the awareness…
Frontal Lobe
Planning, judgement, creativity, problem solving
Motor Strip
Part of the frontal lobe that controls muscle movement and re…
37 terms
brain and cognition
short term memory
working memory approach
long term memory
central executive
memory component where current and recently attended informat…
a system for the temporary holding and manipulation of inform…
the large-capacity memory that contains ones memory for exper…
integrates information from the phonological loop, the visa-s…
short term memory
memory component where current and recently attended informat…
working memory approach
a system for the temporary holding and manipulation of inform…
8 terms
Brain and Cognition
Taste-nutrient learning
Taste-environment learning
taste-taste learning
all papillae except contain taste buds…
taste of foods that are reinforced by pleasant feeling of sat…
reinforcement by pleasant company... ex: child learning to eat n…
reinforcement of foods that are combined with taste that we a…
filiform
Taste-nutrient learning
taste of foods that are reinforced by pleasant feeling of sat…
Taste-environment learning
reinforcement by pleasant company... ex: child learning to eat n…
26 terms
Cognition and the brain
Who was the 1st person to say ados thi…
How did Piaget state that adolescents…
what is abstract thinking?
what is hypothetical thinking?
Piaget
abstractly, hypothetically, metacognitively
thinking of things you can't hold onto (justice, freedom, fri…
what if scenarios and weird outcomes to those scenarios
Who was the 1st person to say ados thi…
Piaget
How did Piaget state that adolescents…
abstractly, hypothetically, metacognitively
28 terms
Brain and Cognition
the process of acquiring knowledge and…
What 2 ways to indirectly measure cogn…
How can we directly measure cognition?
drawing conclusions based on observati…
cognition
fMRI (blood oxygen level dependent)... EEG (event related potent…
electrodes in the brain (usually of lower primates and non-hu…
inferences
the process of acquiring knowledge and…
cognition
What 2 ways to indirectly measure cogn…
fMRI (blood oxygen level dependent)... EEG (event related potent…
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology, The Brain
Cerebrum Cortex
Amygdala
Cerebellum
Brainstem
Responsible for sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, conscio…
Part of the limbic system involved in emotion and aggression
Structure that coordinates fine muscle movement, balance
Plays a role in heart rate, swallowing, reflexee to sight and…
Cerebrum Cortex
Responsible for sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, conscio…
Amygdala
Part of the limbic system involved in emotion and aggression
32 terms
Brain and Cognition - Areas of the Brain
Neuraxis
Anterior/Rostral
Posterior/Caudal
Dorsal
Imaginary line from the head to the spinal cord
To the front (top in humans)
To the back (bottom in humans)
Back
Neuraxis
Imaginary line from the head to the spinal cord
Anterior/Rostral
To the front (top in humans)
45 terms
(316) Chapter 1: Cognitive Science, approaches, methods, and brain
How do we learn about cognition
Ebbinghouse
Nonsense syllables
fMRI
Experiments.... Neuropsychology.... Brain imaging.
Late 1800's.... Studied nonsense syllables.... 1st experiment with…
How long do we retain information?... -Manipulated the delay tim…
Detect blood flow to specific parts of the brain when doing a…
How do we learn about cognition
Experiments.... Neuropsychology.... Brain imaging.
Ebbinghouse
Late 1800's.... Studied nonsense syllables.... 1st experiment with…
147 terms
PSYCH 365 Brain and Cognition
Mind Body Problem
Dualism
Dual Aspect Theory
Reductionism
Relationship between mind and matter; consciousness and the b…
Descartes... Mind and body are made up of different substances a…
Mind and brain are two different levels of explanation but ar…
As we learn more we will find that cognition turns into biolo…
Mind Body Problem
Relationship between mind and matter; consciousness and the b…
Dualism
Descartes... Mind and body are made up of different substances a…
104 terms
Brain and Cognition test 3
Taste
Smell
Taste-nutrient learning
Taste-enviroment learning
immediate sense final checkpoint for acceptability before it…
more distant sense allowing us to detect small concentration…
pleasant feeling of safety ... Ex. High fat, High carbs
pleasant company... Ex. Child learning to eat new foods
Taste
immediate sense final checkpoint for acceptability before it…
Smell
more distant sense allowing us to detect small concentration…
7 terms
Brain Scans (Cognitive)
Brain Lesions
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging…
Limitation of fMRI
- Refers to destruction of tissue in the brain. ... - Usually sc…
- Measures brain activity indirectly by examining the propert…
- In contrast, fMRIs directly measure the amount of oxygen in…
Limitation of what neuro technique?... - Still is not precise e…
Brain Lesions
- Refers to destruction of tissue in the brain. ... - Usually sc…
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan
- Measures brain activity indirectly by examining the propert…
10 terms
Chapter 3 - The Brain and Cognitive Development
Neurons
Myelination
Grey Matter
White Matter
Neurons - Nerve cells specialized in communication with each…
Increasing the speed and efficiency of information processing…
The term gray matter refers primarily to dendrites and the ce…
The term white matter is used to describe the whitish color o…
Neurons
Neurons - Nerve cells specialized in communication with each…
Myelination
Increasing the speed and efficiency of information processing…
20 terms
Brain and Cognition-Alcoholism
the amount of ethanol in the airspace…
Alcohol
The remainder of the alcohol is elimin…
The body uses several different metabo…
Proportional to the amount of ethanol in the liquid
a high affinity for water and is therefore found in body tiss…
Breath
acetaldehyde to acetic acid to carbon dioxide and water.
the amount of ethanol in the airspace…
Proportional to the amount of ethanol in the liquid
Alcohol
a high affinity for water and is therefore found in body tiss…
22 terms
Brain Terms - Cognitive Psychology
Amygdala
Brain
Brainstem
Cerebellum
Part of the Limbic System that appears to be involved in a fa…
The most complex structure in the known universe; functions i…
Consists of the midbrain and the hindbrain
A structure of the hindbrain at the rear of the head
Amygdala
Part of the Limbic System that appears to be involved in a fa…
Brain
The most complex structure in the known universe; functions i…
28 terms
Cognitive Neuroscience Brain Structure
The Primary region of the posterior oc…
A fissure located in the occipital lob…
The region of the superior temporal lo…
The fissure that separates the tempora…
Primary visual cortex
Calcarine Fissure
Primary auditory cortex
Lateral fissure
The Primary region of the posterior oc…
Primary visual cortex
A fissure located in the occipital lob…
Calcarine Fissure
41 terms
Cognitive Midterm 1: Cognition and the Brain
How do neurons communicate
Resting potential
Action potential
What can the frequency of firing tell us
Presynaptic neuron sends impost to post via axon ... Postsynapti…
Charge of neuron when not sending any signals ... Neuron is more…
Signal sent from one neuron to another
Represent the intensity of the stimulus ... More frequent = more…
How do neurons communicate
Presynaptic neuron sends impost to post via axon ... Postsynapti…
Resting potential
Charge of neuron when not sending any signals ... Neuron is more…
16 terms
The Brain and Cognitive Neuro Methods
Single Unit recordings
EEGs and Event-related Potentials (ERPs)
Neuroimaging
fMRI
-direct ... -directly record electrical activities of single neu…
-indirect... -directly record electrical activity of cortical ar…
-indirect ... -indirectly record neural response activity during…
measures changes in blood flow to see where neural activity j…
Single Unit recordings
-direct ... -directly record electrical activities of single neu…
EEGs and Event-related Potentials (ERPs)
-indirect... -directly record electrical activity of cortical ar…
12 terms
Cognitive Processes of the brain and brain structure
Mortor Cortex
Sensory Cortex
Association Cortex
Left Hemisphere
Receives, processes and sends information about voluntary bod…
Receives and processes information from our different senses.
Intergrates sensory, motor and other information and is invol…
(Verbal) Specializes in Verbal Functions such as reading, wri…
Mortor Cortex
Receives, processes and sends information about voluntary bod…
Sensory Cortex
Receives and processes information from our different senses.
60 terms
Cognitive Learning Styles & Brain Dominance
These learners prefer to see or envisi…
True or False: if you are weak in one…
Characteristics: can easily understand…
Characteristics: likely to have strong…
visual
false
visual
auditory
These learners prefer to see or envisi…
visual
True or False: if you are weak in one…
false
25 terms
Cognitive processes of the brain
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Contains the brain and the spinal cords. Upper spinal cord= c…
2 jobs, 1: send messages to the brain from our organs, muscle…
Voluntary movement of skeletal muscles via motor neurons from…
Responsible for the communication of information between the…
Central nervous system
Contains the brain and the spinal cords. Upper spinal cord= c…
Peripheral nervous system
2 jobs, 1: send messages to the brain from our organs, muscle…
36 terms
Cognitive Psychology Brain Review
Neurons
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
Enable learning, thinking, and behaving by transmitting elect…
Processes and transmits electrical stimulus
Facilitates input
electrical activity from neuron to another
Neurons
Enable learning, thinking, and behaving by transmitting elect…
Cell Body
Processes and transmits electrical stimulus
18 terms
Cognitive Neuroscience- Brain Anatomy
Dorsal
Ventral
Rostral
Ventral
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Superior
Ventral
Inferior
14 terms
Cognitive NS Brain
Daltonism
Achromatopsia
Akinetopsia
Hemianopia
Genetic and caused by deficit in cones - pair colors
Result of a stroke, loss of ability to distinguish all colors
Due to lesion of area MT ... Movement vision
Lesions of area 17, loss of a hemifield or a quadrant
Daltonism
Genetic and caused by deficit in cones - pair colors
Achromatopsia
Result of a stroke, loss of ability to distinguish all colors
33 terms
Cognitive Psych: Brain
Hindbrain
limbic system
Pons
septum
includes the Medulla, Pons, and Cerebellum.
septum, amygdala, hippocampus
A relay station. Involved in consciousness(sleep and arousal)…
involved in anger and fear
Hindbrain
includes the Medulla, Pons, and Cerebellum.
limbic system
septum, amygdala, hippocampus
10 terms
Cognitive Therapy - SASSY BRAIN
Self Monitor
Active Listening
Schedule When Alert
Say No
Monitor when attention is starting to slip
Ask questions, request more info to help understand
Schedule work when most alert and concentration is highest
Avoid factors that decrease cognitive function
Self Monitor
Monitor when attention is starting to slip
Active Listening
Ask questions, request more info to help understand
32 terms
Cognitive Neuroscience Brain Regions
Exogenous
Endogenous
Overt Attention
Cue Period
Ventral Stream
Dorsal Stream
Parietal Neurons
IPS, SPL
Exogenous
Ventral Stream
Endogenous
Dorsal Stream
cognitive psychology brain parts
-brain... -spinal cord
lower part= evolutionarily more primit…
carries neural messages from brain to…
-self actualization, esteem, love, saf…
Central nervous system
brain
spinal cord
Hindbrain
-brain... -spinal cord
Central nervous system
lower part= evolutionarily more primit…
brain
The Brain & Cognitive Devlopment
Neuroconstructivist View
Neurons
Myelination
Synapses
Developmental perspective in which biological processes and e…
Nerve cells, which are the nervous system's basic units.
The process by which the axon portion of the neuron becomes c…
Gaps between neurons where connections between the axon and d…
Neuroconstructivist View
Developmental perspective in which biological processes and e…
Neurons
Nerve cells, which are the nervous system's basic units.
23 terms
Brain/cognitive changes
Magnetic resonance imagine (MRI)
Functional MRI (fMRI) & Positron Emiss…
Animal models
Grey matter
allows examination of volume
Allows indirect measures of neural activity as individuals ar…
Basic structures of monkey and rodents brains the same as hum…
serves to process information in the brain, unmyelinated, pro…
Magnetic resonance imagine (MRI)
allows examination of volume
Functional MRI (fMRI) & Positron Emiss…
Allows indirect measures of neural activity as individuals ar…
53 terms
Adolescence: brain and cognitive development
Neurons
Myelination
Synapses
Neurotransmitters
The nervous system is basic units
Axon portion of a neuron, covered in myelin sheath, increasin…
To get between neurons where connections between the axon and…
Chemicals it carry information across the synaptic gap betwee…
Neurons
The nervous system is basic units
Myelination
Axon portion of a neuron, covered in myelin sheath, increasin…
50 terms
Cognitive Psychology Neuron & Brain
cell membrane
cell body
dendrites
axon
lipid bilayer (2 layers of fat cells) that defines boundary o…
contains the nucleus & most of the machinery that provides fo…
important recipients of messages from nearby neurons
a long, slender tube that carries info away from the cell bod…
cell membrane
lipid bilayer (2 layers of fat cells) that defines boundary o…
cell body
contains the nucleus & most of the machinery that provides fo…
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