How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "brain damage disorder"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "brain damage disorder"

16 terms
Neurocognitive disorder and brain damage
Head trauma-closed head injury
Head trauma-open head injury
Acceleration/deceleration rotational f…
Tumors-intrinsic
Skull not penetrated. ... Damage to brain tissue. Subdural hemat…
Skull penetrated. ... Destroyed tissue. Specific syndrome depend…
result in differential movement of brain and vessels inside t…
infiltrate the parenchyma (actual brain tissue, the nerves th…
Head trauma-closed head injury
Skull not penetrated. ... Damage to brain tissue. Subdural hemat…
Head trauma-open head injury
Skull penetrated. ... Destroyed tissue. Specific syndrome depend…
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
What are some examples of brain damage…
What is a stroke?
Types of stroke
What is a Ischemic stroke?
Stroke... TBI/CTE... Seizures... Alzheimer's Disease... Parkinson's Disea…
A disruption of blood flow
Ischemic ... Hemorrhagic
a stoke closed by blockage
What are some examples of brain damage…
Stroke... TBI/CTE... Seizures... Alzheimer's Disease... Parkinson's Disea…
What is a stroke?
A disruption of blood flow
67 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
2 types of stroke. what are they?
What kind of stroke is more common?
Blockage in ischemic stroke caused by…
Thrombus
Ischemic and Hemorrhagic
Ischemic
Thrombus and Embolus
formed in same location and blocks blood flow. example: blood…
2 types of stroke. what are they?
Ischemic and Hemorrhagic
What kind of stroke is more common?
Ischemic
19 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Ischemic Stroke
Thrombus
Embolus
Hemmorrhagic stroke
artery blockage in the brain that causes a stroke
forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tumor cells, p…
forms elsewhere--> travels through vasculature until it gets…
bleeding in the brain; ruptured blood vessel
Ischemic Stroke
artery blockage in the brain that causes a stroke
Thrombus
forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tumor cells, p…
16 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Difference between ischemic and hemorr…
Difference between thrombus and embolus
What's the penumbra? What's diaschisis?
Series of events leading to cell death…
ischemic- blockage, symptoms take longer to develop... hemorrhag…
thrombus- forms and blocks at same location (blood clot, tumo…
penumbra- region directly surrounding the epicenter of the st…
Neurons die form excitotoxicity... -excess glutamate release... -…
Difference between ischemic and hemorr…
ischemic- blockage, symptoms take longer to develop... hemorrhag…
Difference between thrombus and embolus
thrombus- forms and blocks at same location (blood clot, tumo…
52 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
What is a stroke ?
Ischemic stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke
Thrombus:
A disruption of blood flow
blockage
bleeding
forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tumor cells, p…
What is a stroke ?
A disruption of blood flow
Ischemic stroke
blockage
24 terms
Brain damage and disorders
Know the difference b/t ischemic and h…
What is the penumbra?
Understand the series of events leadin…
How are concussions classified (graded)
Disruption of blood flow:... Ischemic stroke (blockage)... Thrombu…
the region directly surrounding the epicenter of the stroke.…
1. blood vessels are blocked ... 2. Neurons that are affected by…
Injury to the brain that results in temporary loss of normal…
Know the difference b/t ischemic and h…
Disruption of blood flow:... Ischemic stroke (blockage)... Thrombu…
What is the penumbra?
the region directly surrounding the epicenter of the stroke.…
99 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Ischemic Stroke
Thrombus
Embolus
Disruption of blood flow
Blockage
Forms and blocks at the same location
Forms elsewhere and travels through vasculature until it gets…
Stroke
Disruption of blood flow
Ischemic Stroke
Blockage
52 terms
Brain Damage and Disorders
cerebral abscesses
cerebral abscesses
meningitis
those that have an affinity for neural…
bacterial Infections often lead to formation of
pockets of pus in the brain are
inflammation of the meninges
two types of viral infections
cerebral abscesses
bacterial Infections often lead to formation of
cerebral abscesses
pockets of pus in the brain are
96 terms
Brain Damage & Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Ischemic Stroke
Thrombus
Embolus
disruption of blood flow
blockage... Thrombus and Embolus
forms and blocks at same location (blood clot, tumor cells, p…
forms elsewhere --> travels through vasculature until it gets…
Stroke
disruption of blood flow
Ischemic Stroke
blockage... Thrombus and Embolus
brain damage and neurological disorders
stroke
stroke symptoms
ischemic stroke
thrombus
Disruption of blood flow
- Trouble with speaking, standing, walking... - Paralysis or num…
More common type... Blockage caused by: Thrombus, Embolus... -Sympt…
Formed in same location and blocks blood flow... - Ex: Blood clo…
stroke
Disruption of blood flow
stroke symptoms
- Trouble with speaking, standing, walking... - Paralysis or num…
29 terms
Brain Damage/Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Ischemic Stoke
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Thrombus
Disruption of blood flow
Disruption of blood flow by blockage
Disruption of blood flow by bleeding
Blockage that forms and blocks the blood vessel at the same l…
Stroke
Disruption of blood flow
Ischemic Stoke
Disruption of blood flow by blockage
54 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
What is a stroke?
Which are the two main types of strokes?
Ischemic Stroke
What are the two types of Ischemic Str…
disruption of blood flow
Ischemic (blockage) ... Hemorrhagic (bleeding)
- blockage ... - more common... - do not lead to immediate death
Thrombus: forms and blocks at SAME location; ex: blood clot,…
What is a stroke?
disruption of blood flow
Which are the two main types of strokes?
Ischemic (blockage) ... Hemorrhagic (bleeding)
25 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Ischemic stroke (blockage)
Hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding)
The Penumbra
Disruption of blood flow... -Ischemic stroke (blockage)... -Hemor…
-Thrombus: forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tum…
Aneurysm: balloon-like dilation in the wall of a blood vessel…
The penumbra is the region directly surrounding the epicenter…
Stroke
Disruption of blood flow... -Ischemic stroke (blockage)... -Hemor…
Ischemic stroke (blockage)
-Thrombus: forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tum…
17 terms
brain damage and neurological disorders
ischemic stroke
hemorrhagic stroke
aneurysm
thrombus
blockage... most common
bleeding... ruptured blood vessel... immediate death... aneurysm
balloon like dilation in the wall of a blood vessel, which co…
a blood clot, tumor cells, plaque... forms and blocks blood at s…
ischemic stroke
blockage... most common
hemorrhagic stroke
bleeding... ruptured blood vessel... immediate death... aneurysm
42 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Ischemic Stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke
Aneurysm (hemorrhagic)
Disruption of blood flow
Blockage, more common
bleeding, often lead to death... ruptured blood vessel
balloon-like dilation in the wall of a blood vessel, which co…
Stroke
Disruption of blood flow
Ischemic Stroke
Blockage, more common
54 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
What is a stroke?
Which are the two main types of strokes?
Ischemic Stroke
What are the two types of Ischemic Str…
disruption of blood flow
Ischemic (blockage) ... Hemorrhagic (bleeding)
- blockage ... - more common... - do not lead to immediate death
Thrombus: forms and blocks at SAME location; ex: blood clot,…
What is a stroke?
disruption of blood flow
Which are the two main types of strokes?
Ischemic (blockage) ... Hemorrhagic (bleeding)
15 terms
Brain Structures - Disorders + Damaged
Brain Stem (Medulla)
Cerebellum
Corpus Callosum
Frontal Lobe
Disorder: very few - autism... Damaged: ... organ failure sleep di…
Disorder: ... clumsy walk w/autism... dyslexia... schizophrenia... Damag…
Disorder: ... reduction = schizophrenia... psychotic episodes... Alzhe…
Disorder:... ADHD... schizophrenia... bipolar (prefrontal)... Damaged:... p…
Brain Stem (Medulla)
Disorder: very few - autism... Damaged: ... organ failure sleep di…
Cerebellum
Disorder: ... clumsy walk w/autism... dyslexia... schizophrenia... Damag…
36 terms
Biopsych brain damage and neuro disorders
brain tumors
malignant
benign
metasteses
damage thru compression and infiltration (only malignant cell…
cancerous ("harm-producing") tumor. Lacks distinct border and…
meningiomas, encapsulated in own membrane, getting bigger on…
process by which cells break off of a tumor, travel through t…
brain tumors
damage thru compression and infiltration (only malignant cell…
malignant
cancerous ("harm-producing") tumor. Lacks distinct border and…
27 terms
PSB Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
ischemic stroke
thrombus
embolus
hemorrhagic stroke
blockage that disrupts blood supply to an area of the brain
a plug that forms and blocks blood flow at the site of its fo…
a plug carried by the blood from a larger vessel, where it wa…
bleeding in the brain that occurs when a cerebral blood vesse…
ischemic stroke
blockage that disrupts blood supply to an area of the brain
thrombus
a plug that forms and blocks blood flow at the site of its fo…
8 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders 3
What type of disorder do you aquire wi…
What are some symptoms of motor disorder
Is there a single cause of Parkinson's…
What is a hallmark feature of PD that…
Motor Disorder
Tremor, slowness, mask face
no
Lewy Bodies
What type of disorder do you aquire wi…
Motor Disorder
What are some symptoms of motor disorder
Tremor, slowness, mask face
34 terms
Degenerative disorders (brain damage and recovery)
direct pathway
indirect pathway
Parkinson's incidence
Parkinson's is damage to which pathway?
- striatum (basal ganglia) projects to thalamus... - projection…
- striatum (basal ganglia) projects to thalamus... - projection…
- 0.5-1% of population... - onset usually in 50s-60s... - 1st sympt…
DIRECT
direct pathway
- striatum (basal ganglia) projects to thalamus... - projection…
indirect pathway
- striatum (basal ganglia) projects to thalamus... - projection…
18 terms
Perception and Neurology - Disorders and Damage to the brain
Broca's Aphasia is associated with dam…
Wernicke's Aphasia is associated with…
Deafness is attributed to damage in the
Auditory Agnosia is due to damage in the
Frontal Lobe
The Superior Temporal Gyrus
Superior Temporal Gyrus
Superior Temporal Gyrus
Broca's Aphasia is associated with dam…
Frontal Lobe
Wernicke's Aphasia is associated with…
The Superior Temporal Gyrus
11 terms
Common consequences of brain disease, disorder, and damage
Impairment of:... Memory
Impairment of:... Orientation
Impairment of:... Learning, comprehension…
Impairment of:... Emotional control/modul…
-Struggle with recent events... -Confabulation... -Possibly can't f…
-Where they are... -What the date is... -Who familiar people are
-Thinking becomes clouded, sluggish, or inaccurate... -May lose…
-Emotionally overractive
Impairment of:... Memory
-Struggle with recent events... -Confabulation... -Possibly can't f…
Impairment of:... Orientation
-Where they are... -What the date is... -Who familiar people are
BB Ch 10 Brain Damage and Disorders
stroke
TBI
CTE
seizures
disruption of blood flow
injury to the brain that results in temporary loss of normal…
progressive degenerative disorder, buildup of tau
sudden, excessive activity of cerebral neurons
stroke
disruption of blood flow
TBI
injury to the brain that results in temporary loss of normal…
55 terms
Exam 3 - Brain Damage & Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Ischemic Stroke
Thrombus
Embolus
Disruption of blood flow
Tends to take longer to develop; blockage
Forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tumor cells, p…
Forms elsewhere; travels through vasculature until it gets st…
Stroke
Disruption of blood flow
Ischemic Stroke
Tends to take longer to develop; blockage
42 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders PSB 2000
Major Features of Stroke:
2 types of strokes are:
Ischemic Stroke:
Thrombus:
A stroke is the cutting off of blood flow to the brain leadin…
Ischemic and Hemorrhagic.
-Blocks blood flow in two ways and tends to take longer to de…
-Type of Ischemic Stroke.... -clump of cells (blockage) forms an…
Major Features of Stroke:
A stroke is the cutting off of blood flow to the brain leadin…
2 types of strokes are:
Ischemic and Hemorrhagic.
28 terms
PSB 2000 Brain Damage & Neurological Disorders
Stroke
Two Types of Stroke
Cerebral Ischemia
Cerebral Hemorrhage
sudden-onset cerebrovascular disorders that cause brain damag…
Ischema & Hemorrhage
a blockage that results in the disruption of blood supply to…
occurs when a cerebral blood vessel ruptures and blood seeps…
Stroke
sudden-onset cerebrovascular disorders that cause brain damag…
Two Types of Stroke
Ischema & Hemorrhage
30 terms
PSB 2000 Brain Damage and Neurological disorders
Describe the major features (and types…
Ischemic Stroke (blockage)
Hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding)
Symptoms of Strokes
Disruption of blood flow... -Ischemic stroke (blockage)... -Hemorrh…
-Thrombus: forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tum…
-Ruptured blood vessel... -Aneurysm: balloon-like dilation in t…
-Trouble with speaking & standing... -Paralysis or numbness of f…
Describe the major features (and types…
Disruption of blood flow... -Ischemic stroke (blockage)... -Hemorrh…
Ischemic Stroke (blockage)
-Thrombus: forms and blocks at same location. Blood clot, tum…
51 terms
Chapter 10 Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Stroke and the types
Ischemic stroke: Thrombus
Ischemic stroke: Embolus
Ischemic stroke: Arteriosclerosis
-disruption of blood flow... Ischemic stroke... Hemorrhagic stroke
forms and blocks at same location, blood clot, tumor cells, p…
forms elsewhere and travels through vasculature until it gets…
the walls of the blood vessels thicken and the channels narro…
Stroke and the types
-disruption of blood flow... Ischemic stroke... Hemorrhagic stroke
Ischemic stroke: Thrombus
forms and blocks at same location, blood clot, tumor cells, p…
23 terms
Chapter 10 Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
What is the difference between a benig…
What are metastases?
What types of cells in the brain don't…
Types of strokes
Benign- encapsulated (can be cut out and won't regrow) can ca…
Refers to the transmission of disease from one organ to anoth…
Neurons because they are post mitotic
Ischemic stroke (Blockage): symptoms tend to take longer to d…
What is the difference between a benig…
Benign- encapsulated (can be cut out and won't regrow) can ca…
What are metastases?
Refers to the transmission of disease from one organ to anoth…
80 terms
PSB2000 Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Tumors
Benign Tumors
Malignant Tumors
Malignant Tumors - Compression
Mass of cells whose growth is uncontrolled and which serves n…
Encapsulated - it has distinct border region, and it can be c…
Can causes damage through compression and/or infiltration
Compression of other brain regions can damage and obstruct fl…
Tumors
Mass of cells whose growth is uncontrolled and which serves n…
Benign Tumors
Encapsulated - it has distinct border region, and it can be c…
61 terms
PSB2000 Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders
Tumors
Benign Tumors
Malignant Tumors
Malignant Tumors - Compression
Mass of cells whose growth is uncontrolled and which serves n…
Encapsulated - it has distinct border region, and it can be c…
Can causes damage through compression and/or infiltration
Compression of other brain regions can damage and obstruct fl…
Tumors
Mass of cells whose growth is uncontrolled and which serves n…
Benign Tumors
Encapsulated - it has distinct border region, and it can be c…
36 terms
Psych Exam 2- brain damage and neurodegenerative disorders
cancer
tumor
benign
malignant
disease caused by uncontrollable cell growth
abnormal mass of tissue
tumor stays localized
infiltrating tumors that grow diffusively through surrounding…
cancer
disease caused by uncontrollable cell growth
tumor
abnormal mass of tissue
10 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders 2 (1 of 1)
Axonal Shearing
Hematomas
Epidural
Subdural
brain cell death resulting from axons twisting and tearing wh…
localized clotted blood
bleeding between skull and dura
bleeding between dura and brain
Axonal Shearing
brain cell death resulting from axons twisting and tearing wh…
Hematomas
localized clotted blood
36 terms
PSYC 111 - Disorders Related to Brain Damage/Lesions
Frontal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Impairments in Motor Function
Broca's Aphasia
Loss of Divergent Thinking (Word/Design Fluency)
Impairments in Response Inhibition (Wisconsin Card Test / Str…
Frontal Lobe
Impairments in Motor Function
Frontal Lobe
Broca's Aphasia
10 terms
Brain Damage and Neurological Disorders 2 (2 of 2)
Symptoms of a simple seizure
Symptoms of a Complex seizure
Symptoms of a Generalized seizure
What are some causes of Seizures
Effect motor, sensory, and emotion (No major change in consci…
Same types as simple seizures (Altered Consciousness)
widespread loss of consciousness
Tumor, Drugs, Genetics, Idopathic
Symptoms of a simple seizure
Effect motor, sensory, and emotion (No major change in consci…
Symptoms of a Complex seizure
Same types as simple seizures (Altered Consciousness)
18 terms
com disorders in focal brain damaged patients
functional disorder
organic disorder
neurogenic disorder
CVA
no physical/ structural damage
physical/structural damage
more specific label for organic disorder.... (aphasia & dementia)
sudden onset of a neurological deficit due to an interruption…
functional disorder
no physical/ structural damage
organic disorder
physical/structural damage
17 terms
brain damage
what is the OFC
what is the DLPFC
what brain damage did Phineas gage get…
lobotomies are shit
orbitofrontal cortex... like the very front of the brain... crucia…
dorsolateral prefrontal cortex... like idk topish and frontish o…
left frontal hemisphere... just like mad bitch... 12 years later wa…
this slide is shit I am mad
what is the OFC
orbitofrontal cortex... like the very front of the brain... crucia…
what is the DLPFC
dorsolateral prefrontal cortex... like idk topish and frontish o…
53 terms
Brain Damage
neoplasm
metastatic tumors
meningioma
encapsulated tumors
tumor; mass of cells that grows independently from the rest o…
tumors that don't originate in the brain; grow from infiltrat…
encapsulated tumor inside a meninge, usually benign, successf…
tumors that grow within their own membrane
neoplasm
tumor; mass of cells that grows independently from the rest o…
metastatic tumors
tumors that don't originate in the brain; grow from infiltrat…
6 terms
damage to the brain
frontal lobe damage
parietal lobe damage
temporal lobe damage
occipital lobe damage
Loss of simple movement of various body parts (Paralysis)... Ina…
Inability to attend to more than one object at a time... Loss of…
Organising what to say, and finding and using the correct wor…
Damage may result in a distortion of what is seen and difficu…
frontal lobe damage
Loss of simple movement of various body parts (Paralysis)... Ina…
parietal lobe damage
Inability to attend to more than one object at a time... Loss of…
19 terms
PSB2000 Brain and Behavior- Brain Damage and Nuerological Disorders
• What is the difference b/t a benign…
• What types of cells in the brain don…
• Know the difference between ischemic…
• Understand the series of events lead…
-Benign tumors are encapsulated (so has distinct border regio…
Neurons
-Ischemic stroke (blockage)... -Thrombus: forms and blocks at s…
- "Excitotoxicity"... - Edema (swelling) also causes slowing of…
• What is the difference b/t a benign…
-Benign tumors are encapsulated (so has distinct border regio…
• What types of cells in the brain don…
Neurons
18 terms
DAMAGE TO THE BRAIN
TBI
TBI causes
Scalp Laceration
Skull Fractures
Traumatic brain injury to scalp, skull or brain
MVA... Falls... Assualts... Sports Injury... Recreational Injuries ... War I…
there will be profuse bleeding because of poor constriction a…
Like normal bone fractures know if they are open or closed.…
TBI
Traumatic brain injury to scalp, skull or brain
TBI causes
MVA... Falls... Assualts... Sports Injury... Recreational Injuries ... War I…
7 terms
Brain damage
Being unable to learn new information…
Loss of memory for events that happene…
Miller (HM), Clive Wearing and Russell…
Understand the effects of amnesia on d…
Anterograde amnesia
Retrograde amnesia
Study
Aim
Being unable to learn new information…
Anterograde amnesia
Loss of memory for events that happene…
Retrograde amnesia
6 terms
brain damage
ischemic stroke
thrombus
embolus
hemorrhagic stroke
blockage
forms and blocks at the same locations
forms elsewhere and travles
bleeding
ischemic stroke
blockage
thrombus
forms and blocks at the same locations
31 terms
Brain Damage:
Tumour
Meningiomas
Infiltrating tumours
metatastic
Group of cells that grows independently of the body.
tumours between layers of the meninges. Encapsulated tumours.…
tumours that grow diffusely through other tissue. Are Maligna…
Stop in blood supply to the brain, which results in brain dam…
Tumour
Group of cells that grows independently of the body.
Meningiomas
tumours between layers of the meninges. Encapsulated tumours.…
61 terms
Brain Damage
Tumor or neoplasm
Meningiomas
Encapsulated Tumors
Benign Tumors
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
Tumors that grow between the meninges, the three membranes th…
Tumors that grow within their own membrane.
Tumors that are surgically removable with little risk of furt…
Tumor or neoplasm
A mass of cells that grows independently of the rest of the b…
Meningiomas
Tumors that grow between the meninges, the three membranes th…
19 terms
damage of the brain
amygdala
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
hippocampus
cant control emotions
obesity temp control sexual arousal reward deficiency syndrome
hormone imbalance
short term memory problems amnesia
amygdala
cant control emotions
hypothalamus
obesity temp control sexual arousal reward deficiency syndrome
36 terms
Brain Damage
Classifying Tumors 3x2
Ischemic Stroke (85%)
Hemorrhagic Stroke (15%)
JILL BOLTE-TAYLOR HAD WHAT
Encapsulated vs Infiltrating... -inside membrane or invades tiss…
-brain tissue does not receive blood due to a blockage in ves…
-blood vessel breaks open... -blood leaks into brain tissue, dam…
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Classifying Tumors 3x2
Encapsulated vs Infiltrating... -inside membrane or invades tiss…
Ischemic Stroke (85%)
-brain tissue does not receive blood due to a blockage in ves…
5 terms
Brain Damage
Traumatic Brain Injury
Frontal Syndrome/Executive dysfunction
Hemi-neglect
Autotopagnosia
Concussive forces inside skill, shearing of axons, hemorrhage…
Frontal cortex... Primary motor cortex... Prefrontal Cortex (Dorsol…
Right Partial Damage
Parietal Lobe
Traumatic Brain Injury
Concussive forces inside skill, shearing of axons, hemorrhage…
Frontal Syndrome/Executive dysfunction
Frontal cortex... Primary motor cortex... Prefrontal Cortex (Dorsol…
1 of 10