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Study sets matching "brain functions neuroanatomy"

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Study sets matching "brain functions neuroanatomy"

61 terms
Neuroanatomy and Brain Functions
Cerebral Cortex
Left Hemisphere
Right hemisphere
Corpus Collosum
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemisphere which is compo…
Sequential Analysis: systematic, logical interpretation of in…
Holistic Functioning: processing multi-sensory input simultan…
communication between the two hemispheres
Cerebral Cortex
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemisphere which is compo…
Left Hemisphere
Sequential Analysis: systematic, logical interpretation of in…
19 terms
Brain neuroanatomy and physiology/function
Brain stem
Frontal
Temporal
Thalamus
Which area of the brain is associated with life-sustaining fu…
Which lobe is associated with speech production (Broca's area)?
Which lobe is associated with language comprehension (Wernick…
Vision, touch, and hearing first go to this area of the brain…
Brain stem
Which area of the brain is associated with life-sustaining fu…
Frontal
Which lobe is associated with speech production (Broca's area)?
61 terms
Neuroanatomy and Brain Functions
Cerebral Cortex
Left Hemisphere
Right hemisphere
Corpus Collosum
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemisphere which is compo…
Sequential Analysis: systematic, logical interpretation of in…
Holistic Functioning: processing multi-sensory input simultan…
communication between the two hemispheres
Cerebral Cortex
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemisphere which is compo…
Left Hemisphere
Sequential Analysis: systematic, logical interpretation of in…
22 terms
Neuroanatomy Cerebral brain functions
postcentral gyrus
precentral gyrus
somatosensory association cortex
premotor cortex
location of primary somatosensory cortex
primary somatomotor cortex
motor imagery, bimanual manipulation, praxic abilities (5), v…
anterior to primary motor cortex; sensory guidance of movemen…
postcentral gyrus
location of primary somatosensory cortex
precentral gyrus
primary somatomotor cortex
20 terms
Neuroanatomy Brain Functions
medial geniculate bodies
lateral geniculate bodies
pons
medulla
detection of relative intensity and duration of sound
relay center in the thalamus for the visual pathway
connects medulla and the cerebral cortex, involved in arousal…
involuntary (autonomic nervous system) functions like breathi…
medial geniculate bodies
detection of relative intensity and duration of sound
lateral geniculate bodies
relay center in the thalamus for the visual pathway
30 terms
Neuroanatomy and Brain Functions
Cerebral Cortex
Left Hemisphere
Right hemisphere
Corpus Collosum
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemisphere which is compo…
Sequential Analysis: systematic, logical interpretation of in…
Holistic Functioning: processing multi-sensory input simultan…
Broad band of nerve fibers joining to hemispheres, makes comm…
Cerebral Cortex
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemisphere which is compo…
Left Hemisphere
Sequential Analysis: systematic, logical interpretation of in…
16 terms
NEUROANATOMY - brain structures and function
remember mammalian brain division
ears of "mickey mouse"
telencephalon structures
diencephalon strucutres
telencephalon, diencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, my…
cerebral peduncles... motor fibers that run from the cerebrum…
olfactory bulb--> smell ... limbic system --> memory, emotion... ba…
thalamus--> sleep, consciousness, sensory interpretation ... hyp…
remember mammalian brain division
telencephalon, diencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, my…
ears of "mickey mouse"
cerebral peduncles... motor fibers that run from the cerebrum…
17 terms
Neuroanatomy ares of brain and functions
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Hippocampus
Amygdala
Voluntary motor function, intentional motor functions, person…
Audition, language comprehension, Wernicke's aphasia, memory,…
Episodic memory formation, HM
Emotional memory, comprehension and expression of emotions
Frontal Lobe
Voluntary motor function, intentional motor functions, person…
Temporal Lobe
Audition, language comprehension, Wernicke's aphasia, memory,…
7 terms
Brain Structure and Function: Neuroanatomy
Neuroanatomy and Crime
Finn et al (2000)
Gao and Raine (2009)
Raine et al (1997)
- It is an age-old question: what goes on inside the heads of…
Neuroanatomy and Crime: Brain Abnormalities - Slow Wave Activ…
Neuroanatomy and Crime: Brain Abnormalities - Slow Wave Activ…
Neuroanatomy and Crime: Brain Abnormalities in Murderers - Us…
Neuroanatomy and Crime
- It is an age-old question: what goes on inside the heads of…
Finn et al (2000)
Neuroanatomy and Crime: Brain Abnormalities - Slow Wave Activ…
37 terms
The brain: functional neuroanatomy
study structure pictures
reptilian formation
paleomammalian formation
neomammalian
ok
basal ganglia, mid brain, and brainstem... -Genetically encoded…
amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus , limbic system... innate e…
(neocortex): ... Declarative Knowledge about the world derived e…
study structure pictures
ok
reptilian formation
basal ganglia, mid brain, and brainstem... -Genetically encoded…
30 terms
Brain and Behavior: Functional Neuroanatomy
Cerebral Cortex
Parietal Lobe
Post-central Gyrus
Occipital Lobe
motor function, planning and organization, touch sensation
processes sensory information from the various parts of the b…
perceives pain, touch, pressure, and temperature
processes visual information from the eyes
Cerebral Cortex
motor function, planning and organization, touch sensation
Parietal Lobe
processes sensory information from the various parts of the b…
19 terms
Neuroanatomy 1: Brain Structure Functions
pre/postcentral gryi
ventricles
lateral--> 3rd--> cerebral aqeduct-->…
meninges
motor neurons that are involved in conscious skeletal movemen…
not a tissue but rather a space filled with cerebral spinal f…
direction of cerebral spinal fluid in ventricles of brain
serve as a covering, protection for the brain
pre/postcentral gryi
motor neurons that are involved in conscious skeletal movemen…
ventricles
not a tissue but rather a space filled with cerebral spinal f…
14 terms
Chapter 2: Functional Neuroanatomy (Brain Regions and Functions)
Pons
Raphe of Nuclei
Locus Coerulus
Medulla
Forms connecting between the medulla and higher brain centers…
Structure located in the pons that participates in the regula…
Structure located in the Pons that participates iin arousal.
Manages essential functions such as breathing, heart rate, an…
Pons
Forms connecting between the medulla and higher brain centers…
Raphe of Nuclei
Structure located in the pons that participates in the regula…
18 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy - Lecture 1 - Where in the Brain is...
Cerebral hemispheres
Cerebral cortex
Subcortical white matter
Basal ganglia
Forebrain (Telencephalon)
Forebrain (Telencephalon --> Cerebral hemispheres)
Forebrain (Telencephalon --> Cerebral hemispheres)
Forebrain (Telencephalon --> Cerebral hemispheres)
Cerebral hemispheres
Forebrain (Telencephalon)
Cerebral cortex
Forebrain (Telencephalon --> Cerebral hemispheres)
69 terms
Chapter 2: Neuroanatomy, Brain Structures and Function
Ventral
Medial
Rostral
Caudal
toward the belly side of the animal, bottom-up view
toward the midline
Toward the head
near the tail end of the animal
Ventral
toward the belly side of the animal, bottom-up view
Medial
toward the midline
34 terms
Neuroanatomy-brain
optic nerve
optic chiasm
optic tract
meninges
optic nerve
optic chiasm
58 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy Pt 2: Visible aspects of the brain
Cerebral hemispheres
Cerebral cortex
Gyri
Sucli
The right and left halves of the forebrain
Sometimes called simply 'cortex.' The outer covering of the c…
Ridged or raised portions of the convoluted brain surface. Se…
Furrows of a convoluted brain surface.
Cerebral hemispheres
The right and left halves of the forebrain
Cerebral cortex
Sometimes called simply 'cortex.' The outer covering of the c…
122 terms
Neuroanatomy- The Brain
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brainstem
Cerebrum
Midbrain... Pons... Medulla
...
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
486 terms
Neuroanatomy Brain
Develops from rostral end of embryonic…
Another name for forebrain
Prosencephalon develops into
Telencephalon and diencephalon develop…
Brain
Prosencephalon
1. Telencephalon (cerebrum)... 2. Diencephalon
Prosencephalon
Develops from rostral end of embryonic…
Brain
Another name for forebrain
Prosencephalon
55 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy
sagittal plane
anterior
posterior
grey area (matter)
view from the left side
front
back
neurons of the cerebral cortex
sagittal plane
view from the left side
anterior
front
32 terms
Neuroanatomy: The Brain
gray matter
white matter
cerebral cortex
sulcus
where all cell bodies are housed
where all axons are housed
defined by the gray matter of the brain
fold in the surface of the brain (pl. sulci)
gray matter
where all cell bodies are housed
white matter
where all axons are housed
9 terms
Brain Neuroanatomy
Hindbrain
Midbrain
Forebrain
Hindbrain consists of
Contains the basic functions essential for life such as respi…
Contains simple reflexes and relays for vision and audition,…
Contains: (a) the evolutionarily older "limbic system" respon…
1. Myelencephalon... A. Medulla Oblongota... 2. Metencephalon... A.…
Hindbrain
Contains the basic functions essential for life such as respi…
Midbrain
Contains simple reflexes and relays for vision and audition,…
Neuroanatomy Functions
Neuron Cell Body
Axon
Dendrite
Myelinated Nerve Fibers
Basic functional unit of nervous tissue specialized to transm…
Conducts Nerve Impulses towards the synaptic terminals
"Receptive/Input Regions"... Bear receptors for neurotransmitte…
Axon with a myelinated sheath; majority of somatic nerves; ge…
Neuron Cell Body
Basic functional unit of nervous tissue specialized to transm…
Axon
Conducts Nerve Impulses towards the synaptic terminals
22 terms
Neuroanatomy of Brain
White matter
Gray matter
Cerebrum
Frontal lobe
Conduction/transmission of signals
Processes/integrates information
Receives, processes/integrates and creates responses
Primary motor cortex and cognitive function
White matter
Conduction/transmission of signals
Gray matter
Processes/integrates information
58 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy
Rostral
Anterior
Caudal
Posterior
Head direction
Front direction
Tail direction
Back direction (tailward for animals)
Rostral
Head direction
Anterior
Front direction
42 terms
neuroanatomy of the brain
hemispheres of the brain are separated…
thought, voluntary movement, language,…
brain is highly convoluted to ___
elevated convolutions of the brain are…
corpus callosum
cerebrum
increase SA
gyri
hemispheres of the brain are separated…
corpus callosum
thought, voluntary movement, language,…
cerebrum
BIOL 2401 Neuroanatomy Brain
Olfactory Nerve (bulb)
Olfactory tracts
Optic chiasm
Hypothalamus
Olfactory Nerve (bulb)
Olfactory tracts
30 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy - Consciousness and coma: Arousal systems of the brain stem
Consciousness
Features of consciousness
partial loss of consciousness
astereognosis
state of wakefulness (level of consciousness)... state of awaren…
- subjectivity: own direct experience appears more "real" tha…
somatosensoric or visual neglect:... - body parts still function…
Inability to recognize the form of objects through touch with…
Consciousness
state of wakefulness (level of consciousness)... state of awaren…
Features of consciousness
- subjectivity: own direct experience appears more "real" tha…
19 terms
The Brain/Neuroanatomy
Medulla
Pons
Reticular Formation
Cerebellum
found in the hind brain; breathing, heart rate and BP
found in the hind brain; sleep, dreaming, arousal, L/R body c…
found in the hind brain; nerve pathway, attention and alertness
found in the hind brain; motor movements, reflexes, skills, v…
Medulla
found in the hind brain; breathing, heart rate and BP
Pons
found in the hind brain; sleep, dreaming, arousal, L/R body c…
66 terms
Brain and neuroanatomy
Acetylcholine
Nicotinic
One
Acetylcholine
What neurotransmitter do somatic efferent neurons to the musc…
What kind of receptors are found on skeletal muscle that reac…
How many neurons does it take to communicate from CNS to a sk…
What neurotransmitter is used by preganglionic autonomic nerv…
Acetylcholine
What neurotransmitter do somatic efferent neurons to the musc…
Nicotinic
What kind of receptors are found on skeletal muscle that reac…
19 terms
Neuroanatomy: Brain
All of the above
Triencephalon
Falx cerebelli
Falx cerebri
Which of the following is/ are a part of the brain?... 1) Brains…
Which of the following is NOT part of the cerebrum?... 1) Trienc…
What separates the two hemispheres of the cerebellum?... 1) Fal…
What separates the two hemispheres of the cerebrum?... 1) Falx…
All of the above
Which of the following is/ are a part of the brain?... 1) Brains…
Triencephalon
Which of the following is NOT part of the cerebrum?... 1) Trienc…
13 terms
neuroanatomy of brain
Layers of the Meninges
Parts of the Forebrain
Parts of the Midbrain
Parts of the Hindbrain
skin, periosteum, bone, dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia…
cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, limbic system, thalamus, and…
superior and inferior colliculi
cerebellum, medulla oblongata, reticular formation
Layers of the Meninges
skin, periosteum, bone, dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia…
Parts of the Forebrain
cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, limbic system, thalamus, and…
75 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy
anterior
posterior
caudal
rostral
Toward the front
Toward the back
Toward the tail
Toward the nose
anterior
Toward the front
posterior
Toward the back
118 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy
Key Feature of the Invertebrate Nervou…
radial symmetry
ganglia
Key Feature of the Vertebrate Nervous…
- clusters of cells that surround parts of the body (i.e. gas…
symmetry around a central axis
clusters of cells that work together to produce a behavior... --…
- development from hollow neural tube... - bilateral symmetry... -…
Key Feature of the Invertebrate Nervou…
- clusters of cells that surround parts of the body (i.e. gas…
radial symmetry
symmetry around a central axis
32 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy
Telenchephalon
Diencephalon
Metencephalon
Mesencephalon
Cerebrum= Cerebral cortex+ White matter+ Deep nuclei
Thalamus... Epithalamus... Subthalamus... Hypothalamus
Cerebellum... Pons
Midbrain
Telenchephalon
Cerebrum= Cerebral cortex+ White matter+ Deep nuclei
Diencephalon
Thalamus... Epithalamus... Subthalamus... Hypothalamus
21 terms
Functions (Neuroanatomy)
longitudinal fissure
olfactory bulbs
optic chiasma
cerebral peduncles
the single, deep fissure that divides the cerebral hemispheres
synapse point of cranial nerve I
where the medial fibers of the optic nerves cross over
fiber tracts in the midbrain connecting the pons to the cereb…
longitudinal fissure
the single, deep fissure that divides the cerebral hemispheres
olfactory bulbs
synapse point of cranial nerve I
31 terms
Neuroanatomy & Function
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
Occipital lobe
Temporal lobe
Frontal lobe
Parietal lobe
11 terms
Neuroanatomy functions
Hypothalamus
hippocampus
Septal Nucleus
Amygdala
control over ANS
memory from short to long term
Pleasure center
Emotion and Fear center
Hypothalamus
control over ANS
hippocampus
memory from short to long term
163 terms
Functional Neuroanatomy
neuron or nerve cell
glial cells
neuron doctrine
synapse
the basic unit of the nervous system, each composed of a cell…
also called glia or neuroglia; nonneuronal brain cells that p…
the hypothesis that the brain is composed of separate cells t…
the tiny gap between neurons where information is passed from…
neuron or nerve cell
the basic unit of the nervous system, each composed of a cell…
glial cells
also called glia or neuroglia; nonneuronal brain cells that p…
115 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
olfactory bulb
olfactory tract
optic nerve, CN II
optic chiasm
sense of smell
relay smell info from olfactory bulb to entorhinal cortex
conducts visual info from retina
Crossing over of optic nerves
olfactory bulb
sense of smell
olfactory tract
relay smell info from olfactory bulb to entorhinal cortex
34 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
Temporal Lobe (4)
Parietal Lobe (vision)
Broca's
Wernicke's
-Auditory perception... -Speech perception... -Formation of LTM (vi…
Spatial analysis
Speech production
Speech comprehension
Temporal Lobe (4)
-Auditory perception... -Speech perception... -Formation of LTM (vi…
Parietal Lobe (vision)
Spatial analysis
52 terms
neuroanatomy functions
Dura
Pia Mater
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Covers exterior brain surface, protection
"Hard Mother" - Shrink wrap on the brain
Motor planning and output. Rostral ---> Caudal (complex -> si…
Sensation
Dura
Covers exterior brain surface, protection
Pia Mater
"Hard Mother" - Shrink wrap on the brain
19 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
Amygdala
Basal Ganglia
Broca's Area
Cerebellum
learn and remember what to fear, negative emotions, immediate…
voluntary movement, planning. Putamen, caudate nucleus, globe…
language production, motor planning in lips, tongue, larynx.…
posture, balance, coordination.
Amygdala
learn and remember what to fear, negative emotions, immediate…
Basal Ganglia
voluntary movement, planning. Putamen, caudate nucleus, globe…
40 terms
Neuroanatomy & Functions
Corpus Callosum (rostrum, genu, body,…
Calossal sulcus
Cingulate gyrus
Cingulate sulcus
Communication between the two cerebral hemispheres
Lies directly superior to corpus callosum and separates corpu…
Forms major part of limbic system: Emotions and behavior
Lies directly above cingulate gyrus
Corpus Callosum (rostrum, genu, body,…
Communication between the two cerebral hemispheres
Calossal sulcus
Lies directly superior to corpus callosum and separates corpu…
60 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
gross neuroanatomy
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
central nervous system (CNS)
nerve
parts of the nervous system visible without a microscope
nerves/neurons outside the brain and spinal cord
nervous system consisted of just the brain and the spinal cord
axons bundled together outside the CNS
gross neuroanatomy
parts of the nervous system visible without a microscope
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
nerves/neurons outside the brain and spinal cord
26 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Involved in cognitive processes such as "reasoning, planning,…
Involved in "movement, orientation, recognition, perception o…
Involved in vision and its processing
Involved in hearing, emotion and forming memories
Frontal Lobe
Involved in cognitive processes such as "reasoning, planning,…
Parietal Lobe
Involved in "movement, orientation, recognition, perception o…
15 terms
Neuroanatomy functions
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Divided into four lobes, Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, and Te…
involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, mem…
can be divided into two functional regions. One involves sens…
visual processing center of the mammalian brain containing mo…
Cerebral Cortex
Divided into four lobes, Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, and Te…
Frontal Lobe
involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, mem…
23 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
Pituitary Gland
Amygdala
Corpus Callosum
Cerebral Cortex
Master gland of the endocrine system
Influences anger and aggression
Relays information between the two hemispheres
Controls thinking and sensing functions, voluntary movement
Pituitary Gland
Master gland of the endocrine system
Amygdala
Influences anger and aggression
24 terms
neuroanatomy functions
medulla
medulla issue
medulla
pons
heart rate, swallowing, breathing
breathing issues
involuntary functions
motor control
medulla
heart rate, swallowing, breathing
medulla issue
breathing issues
18 terms
Neuroanatomy Functions
Medial and lateral geniculate bodies
Pons
Medulla
Midbrain
medial relays auditory information from inferior colliculus t…
where REM sleep originates
regulate respiration and circulation
heart rate and fight or flight
Medial and lateral geniculate bodies
medial relays auditory information from inferior colliculus t…
Pons
where REM sleep originates
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