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Study sets matching "brain mind"

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Study sets matching "brain mind"

8 terms
BRAIN AND MIND
BRAIN DRAIN
BRAINCHILD
BRAINWASH
BRAINWAVE
large scale emigration by talented people
an original idea, plan, or invention
to make someone believe something by repeatedly telling them…
a sudden good idea
BRAIN DRAIN
large scale emigration by talented people
BRAINCHILD
an original idea, plan, or invention
23 terms
Brain and mind
to develop memory skills
to develop special abilities
a huge amount of information
to have a fascination with books
развивать навыки памяти
развивать особые способности
огромное количество информации
увлекаться книгами, иметь увлечение книгами
to develop memory skills
развивать навыки памяти
to develop special abilities
развивать особые способности
Brain and mind
Speak your mind
Make up the mind
Pick your brains
Take your mind off
Выговориться
Принять решение
Собратьчся с мыслями
Отвлечься от
Speak your mind
Выговориться
Make up the mind
Принять решение
31 terms
mind brain
appetitive soul
Broca's aphasia
cerebral hemispheres
cerebrospinal fluid
Controls living forces in our body. Blood. Liver
Damage to an area in the frontal lobe
Right and left sides of big brain
Liquid substance around brain and spinal chord. Protector
appetitive soul
Controls living forces in our body. Blood. Liver
Broca's aphasia
Damage to an area in the frontal lobe
74 terms
Mind & Brain Ch.2
Dendrites
Soma
Axon
Axon terminals
Receive messages from other neurons
Cell Body; receives and sends messages down the axon
fiber that carries information away from the cell body of the…
branches that link the dendrites and somas of other neurons
Dendrites
Receive messages from other neurons
Soma
Cell Body; receives and sends messages down the axon
20 terms
mind/brain
make up your mind
change your mind
to be in two minds
be out of your mind
sich entscheiden
sich um entscheiden
es schwer finden zu entscheiden
verrückt sein
make up your mind
sich entscheiden
change your mind
sich um entscheiden
16 terms
Mind&Brain
make up one's mind
change one's mind
be in two minds
be out of one's mind
sich entscheiden
seine Meinung ändern
hin- und hergerissen sein
den Verstand verloren haben
make up one's mind
sich entscheiden
change one's mind
seine Meinung ändern
115 terms
Mind & Brain
Dualists
Mind
Dichotomy
Telekenesis
Ronnie Dhaher. The mind controls the body and is NOT part of…
External from the body. Untouchable and a dichotomy
A division between 2 things that are opposed or completely di…
Make physical things move with thoughts and concentration
Dualists
Ronnie Dhaher. The mind controls the body and is NOT part of…
Mind
External from the body. Untouchable and a dichotomy
98 terms
MIND AND BRAIN
neural communication
synapses
neurons
mitochondria
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Enclosed by two membranes with the inner membrane folded; con…
neural communication
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
synapses
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
64 terms
Intro to Mind and Brain: Brain
Glia
Types of glia in the central nervous s…
Types of glia in the peripheral nervou…
Astrocytes (CNS) and Satellite cells (…
Non-neuronal cells in the nervous system... -support neurons phy…
Ependymal cells, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia
Satellite cells, Schwann cells
Structural support for neurons... -help create the blood-brain b…
Glia
Non-neuronal cells in the nervous system... -support neurons phy…
Types of glia in the central nervous s…
Ependymal cells, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia
21 terms
Mind & Brain
CNS
PNS
sympathetic nerves
parasympathetic nerves
Brain and spinal cord
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
fight/flight responses
try to conserve energy
CNS
Brain and spinal cord
PNS
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
25 terms
Mind and Brain
Descartes
Democritus
Plato
Aristotle
-body/brain=machine, inferred brain=necessary for sensation/m…
-first materialist?... -everything=made of atoms... -psyche=made of…
-nativism... -all knowledge=innate, but forgotten and must be re…
-empiricism... -knowledge=from observation of world... -3 laws of a…
Descartes
-body/brain=machine, inferred brain=necessary for sensation/m…
Democritus
-first materialist?... -everything=made of atoms... -psyche=made of…
98 terms
MIND AND BRAIN
neural communication
synapses
neurons
mitochondria
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Enclosed by two membranes with the inner membrane folded; con…
neural communication
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
synapses
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
14 terms
Mind and Brain
functional localization of speech and…
aphasia
brocas aphasia
supplementary motor area
fmri, pet, meg, erp
parital or total loss of ability to articulate ideas
damage to left frontal side of brain, called disfluent or agg…
connected with serialized actions of controlled motor, help y…
functional localization of speech and…
fmri, pet, meg, erp
aphasia
parital or total loss of ability to articulate ideas
39 terms
Brain and Mind
neuron
dendrite
axon
myelin sheath
basic building block of the nervous... system
receive messages
passes messages
speeds neural impulses and covers the axon
neuron
basic building block of the nervous... system
dendrite
receive messages
Brains and minds
brain drain
brainchild
brainstorm
brain damage
a new and original idea
concussion
brain drain
brainchild
a new and original idea
70 terms
Mind Brain, Lecture 2
the portion of the nervous system that…
the portion of the nervous system that…
a collection of axons bundled together…
a nerve that conveys neural activity t…
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerve
motor nerve
the portion of the nervous system that…
central nervous system
the portion of the nervous system that…
peripheral nervous system
14 terms
Brain and mind
Behaviourism
Cognition
Functionalism
Materialism
The theory that humans should be understood by means of their…
Mental activity and processes: thinking remembering, etc
The theory that the mind can be explained through its functions
The theory that everything is formed of matter and nothing el…
Behaviourism
The theory that humans should be understood by means of their…
Cognition
Mental activity and processes: thinking remembering, etc
Brain and mind
Medulla Oblongata
Cerebellum
Pons
The ventricles
The most ventral part of the brain and is mainly filled with…
System that makes movements smooth and precise and manages au…
Acts as a bridge between the brain stem and the cerebellum
In order to protect the brain it needs to be pressurised from…
Medulla Oblongata
The most ventral part of the brain and is mainly filled with…
Cerebellum
System that makes movements smooth and precise and manages au…
47 terms
Minds and Brains
Sigmund Freud 1905
William James, 1890
Sigmund Freud, 1925
Meyer, 1908
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
"In Europe I felt as though I were despised; but over there I…
It proved to be much more satisfactory to speak in... terms of s…
Sigmund Freud 1905
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
William James, 1890
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
64 terms
Mind and Brain
Executive functions (cognitive control)
PFC
3 key elements of cognitive control
5 situations requiring executive funct…
management of cognitive processes (conductor of everything)
takes environmental cues/desires and orchestrates into cohere…
a) working memory: capacity to hold info and manipulate it... b)…
1) decision making/planning... 2) error correction ... 3) when have…
Executive functions (cognitive control)
management of cognitive processes (conductor of everything)
PFC
takes environmental cues/desires and orchestrates into cohere…
117 terms
Mind and brain
Sensation
Perception
Synesthesia
Light
Registration of physical stimuli from the environment by the…
The interpretations of sensations by the brain
If you perceive one thing you can perceive the whole thing
Range of electromagnetic energy that is visible to humans
Sensation
Registration of physical stimuli from the environment by the…
Perception
The interpretations of sensations by the brain
90 terms
Mind and Brain
Cognitive Control
Cognitive Control Function
Cognitive Control Key Elements
Norman & Shallice (1986)
Management of cognitive processes; also called executive func…
Needed to optimize performance in situations that require coo…
Working memory, inhibitory control (i.e. not checking Faceboo…
Identified five general situations requiring cognitive execut…
Cognitive Control
Management of cognitive processes; also called executive func…
Cognitive Control Function
Needed to optimize performance in situations that require coo…
73 terms
Mind and Brain
Three types of mental states
Phenomenal experiences
Qualia
Cognitive state
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
Qualitative aspects of phenomenal experiences. They are alway…
They possess intentionality, which is the property of being a…
Three types of mental states
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Phenomenal experiences
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
73 terms
Mind and Brain
Three types of mental states
Phenomenal experiences
Qualia
Cognitive state
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
Qualitative aspects of phenomenal experiences. They are alway…
They possess intentionality, which is the property of being a…
Three types of mental states
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Phenomenal experiences
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
24 terms
Mind and Brain
psychological & biological model limia…
Descarte's error
psychological factors affect behavior…
biopsychosocial model
psychological models are often too mentally reductive... biolog…
-dualism: the idea that mind and brain are two different and…
-early life stress changes brain circuitry for emotional cont…
-biological, psychological, and social factors all act and in…
psychological & biological model limia…
psychological models are often too mentally reductive... biolog…
Descarte's error
-dualism: the idea that mind and brain are two different and…
Mind & Brain
Why did Derek Steen have a sensation i…
Blindsight
What are the implications of blindsigh…
What type of brain damage led to visua…
When Derek shaved the left side of his face, he would feel pa…
Describes the ability to detect things, but not to be aware o…
Being swamped by visual information, unable to focus on the w…
Peggy suffered a stroke in the parietal lobe of her brain, th…
Why did Derek Steen have a sensation i…
When Derek shaved the left side of his face, he would feel pa…
Blindsight
Describes the ability to detect things, but not to be aware o…
53 terms
Brain and Mind
out loud
keep one's mouth shut
go against conventional wisdom
conventional
not silently
stay silent
the opposite of what people believe
adj)... 1 [only before noun] it has been used for a long time an…
out loud
not silently
keep one's mouth shut
stay silent
41 terms
Mind & Brain Ch. 7
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
active system that receives, stores, organizes, alters, and r…
converting information into a useable form
holding this information in memory for later use
taking memories out of storage
Memory
active system that receives, stores, organizes, alters, and r…
Encoding
converting information into a useable form
13 terms
Brain and mind
Synapse
Motor neurone
Sensory neurone
Conditioned reflex
Gap between two neurons
Takes electrical messages from CNS to the effector
Takes electrical messages from receptors to CNS
A learned reaction to a secondary stimulus linked to the prim…
Synapse
Gap between two neurons
Motor neurone
Takes electrical messages from CNS to the effector
29 terms
Brain and Mind
afferent
efferent
sensory neurons (afferent neurons)
motor neurons (efferent neurons)
sensory pathways; information from body/outer world - spinal…
motor pathways; from brain - spinal cord - body
detect changes in internal / external environment and send in…
send information from CNS to body; controls muscles and glands
afferent
sensory pathways; information from body/outer world - spinal…
efferent
motor pathways; from brain - spinal cord - body
20 terms
Mind and brain
Myelencephelon
Metencephalon
Mesencephalon
Diencephalon
medulla
cerebellum (dorsal) pons (ventral)
tectum (dorsal) tegmentum(ventral)
thalmus (dorsal) hypothalmus (ventral)
Myelencephelon
medulla
Metencephalon
cerebellum (dorsal) pons (ventral)
242 terms
Mind, Brain, & Behavior Final
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Telecephalon
Brain + Spine... Does the comprehension of inputs and sends out…
Everything else... changes stimuli to neural signals
Don't go through spinal cord but are part of the PNS
Cortex
Central Nervous System
Brain + Spine... Does the comprehension of inputs and sends out…
Peripheral Nervous System
Everything else... changes stimuli to neural signals
60 terms
Brain and Mind
What areas make up the Temporal Lobe?
What areas make up the Occipital Lobe?
What is the Occipital Lobe responsible…
What areas make up the Parietal Lobe?
Werkicke's area... Primary Auditory Cortex... Auditory association…
Primary Visual Cortex... Visual Association Cortex
Visual processing
Somatosensory Cortex... Somatosensory Association Cortex
What areas make up the Temporal Lobe?
Werkicke's area... Primary Auditory Cortex... Auditory association…
What areas make up the Occipital Lobe?
Primary Visual Cortex... Visual Association Cortex
88 terms
Mind and Brain - Chapter 2
Sensory Neuron
Motor Neuron
Interneuron
Central nervous system (CNS)
a neuron that detects changes in the external or internal env…
a neuron located within the CNS that controls the contraction…
a neuron located entirely within the CNS. Motor and sensory n…
Brain and spinal cord (anything encased in bone)
Sensory Neuron
a neuron that detects changes in the external or internal env…
Motor Neuron
a neuron located within the CNS that controls the contraction…
148 terms
Psychology: Mind, Brain and Behavior
Aristotle
Galen
Hippocrates
Leonardo Da Vinci
one of firsts to explore questions about thought, learning an…
Studied Gladiators and found that there is a link from brain…
one of firsts to use Empirical Approach/ first to think you s…
One of first to draw brain accurately (ventricles included);…
Aristotle
one of firsts to explore questions about thought, learning an…
Galen
Studied Gladiators and found that there is a link from brain…
43 terms
Minds and Brains
Sigmund Freud 1905
William James 1890
Sigmund Freud 1925
Adolf Meyer 1908
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
"In Europe I felt as though I were despised; but over there I…
It proved to be much more satisfactory to speak in... terms of s…
Sigmund Freud 1905
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
William James 1890
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
32 terms
B6 - Brain and mind
Stimulus
Behaviour
Simple reflexes help an animal to
Newborn reflexes
A change in the environment.
The way an animal responds to the changes in its surroundings.
Find food, shelter and a mate.... Escape from predators.... Avoid h…
Rooting, sucking, grasping, moro reflex (startle), stepping.
Stimulus
A change in the environment.
Behaviour
The way an animal responds to the changes in its surroundings.
75 terms
Minds and Brains
Edward L. Thorndike, "Animal Intellige…
Tony Robert-Fleury, Pinel (1876)... In t…
Freud, Fragments of an Analysis of a C…
Hogarth, A Rakes Progress (1735)... This…
A house was on fire. My father was standing... beside my bed and…
Edward L. Thorndike, "Animal Intellige…
Tony Robert-Fleury, Pinel (1876)... In t…
22 terms
Mind, Brain Science and Learning
Daniel (2012) - principle to practice
Dubinsky (2010)
Hardiman et al. (2012)
Primary challenge of neuroeducation: t…
Promising Principles: Translating science of learning to educ…
She discusses the positive effects of teachers participating…
acknowledge need to provide teachers with guidance in how to…
Daniel (2012)... Dubinsky (2010)... Hardiman et al. (2012)... Roediger…
Daniel (2012) - principle to practice
Promising Principles: Translating science of learning to educ…
Dubinsky (2010)
She discusses the positive effects of teachers participating…
22 terms
Mind, Brain Science and Learning
Daniel (2012) - principle to practice
Dubinsky (2010)
Hardiman et al. (2012)
Primary challenge of neuroeducation: t…
Promising Principles: Translating science of learning to educ…
She discusses the positive effects of teachers participating…
acknowledge need to provide teachers with guidance in how to…
Daniel (2012)... Dubinsky (2010)... Hardiman et al. (2012)... Roediger…
Daniel (2012) - principle to practice
Promising Principles: Translating science of learning to educ…
Dubinsky (2010)
She discusses the positive effects of teachers participating…
22 terms
Mind, Brain Science and Learning
Daniel (2012) - principle to practice
Dubinsky (2010)
Hardiman et al. (2012)
Primary challenge of neuroeducation: t…
Promising Principles: Translating science of learning to educ…
She discusses the positive effects of teachers participating…
acknowledge need to provide teachers with guidance in how to…
Daniel (2012)... Dubinsky (2010)... Hardiman et al. (2012)... Roediger…
Daniel (2012) - principle to practice
Promising Principles: Translating science of learning to educ…
Dubinsky (2010)
She discusses the positive effects of teachers participating…
38 terms
Brain: the organ of the mind
Medulla Oblongata
Cerebellum
CORPUS CALLOSUM
Hypothalamus
Lower part of the brain stem; controls breathing and heart rate
"Little brain" located below and behind the cerebrum; control…
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
Small area above the pituitary gland and below the thalamus;…
Medulla Oblongata
Lower part of the brain stem; controls breathing and heart rate
Cerebellum
"Little brain" located below and behind the cerebrum; control…
16 terms
The Chemical Brain and Mind
Neurons
Neural Impulse
Synapse
Neurotransmitters
Body's information system built of billions of interconnected…
A brief electrical charge that travels down an axon and is ge…
A junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the…
Chemicals released from the sending neuron travel across the…
Neurons
Body's information system built of billions of interconnected…
Neural Impulse
A brief electrical charge that travels down an axon and is ge…
16 terms
Brain and Mind/Brain Identity
Hippocrates
Pythagoras
Galen
DaVinci
The center of activity is the head.
Mind and matter is somehow connected
The brain is the seat for the mind. Less focus on matter.
Anatomy artist. Thinks that ventricles are important to the b…
Hippocrates
The center of activity is the head.
Pythagoras
Mind and matter is somehow connected
10 terms
Moving With The Brain In Mind
Implicit learning
Explicit Learning
Circulation
The chemicals noradrenaline/dopamine a…
Works by organizing our responses the wow and the how not eas…
Works by gathering information about the world in what (seman…
Often increases performance,
Improve Information Retrieval... Improve Information Storage... Wak…
Implicit learning
Works by organizing our responses the wow and the how not eas…
Explicit Learning
Works by gathering information about the world in what (seman…
26 terms
Mindfulness & the Brain
aim of mindfulness
Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction MBSR
What is mindfulness?
Parasympathetic activation via meditat…
to reduce suffering by understanding life, including the huma…
was designed for the average person who is suffering... 8 sessio…
Paying attention to the present moment without judgment... Notic…
Rhythmic breathing... Focused attention... Accepting, non-judgmenta…
aim of mindfulness
to reduce suffering by understanding life, including the huma…
Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction MBSR
was designed for the average person who is suffering... 8 sessio…
8 terms
Teaching with the Brain in Mind
3 pounds
Corpus Callosum
Name the Lobes of the Brain
Dehydration
How much does the brain weigh?
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Occipital
A common problem in school classrooms leading to lethargy and…
3 pounds
How much does the brain weigh?
Corpus Callosum
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
17 terms
Mind-Brain Identity Theory
type physicalism
token physicalism
identity theorists
empirical claim
every property is identical with some physical property, supe…
every particular thing in the world is a physical particular
at least some types of mental states are identical with some…
relying on derived from observation or claim
type physicalism
every property is identical with some physical property, supe…
token physicalism
every particular thing in the world is a physical particular
58 terms
Mind & Brain Ch.6
Associative learning
Learning
Cognitive Learning
Reinforcement
an ability to learn and remember an association or relationsh…
Knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study... or... Modifi…
Understanding, knowing, anticipating, utilizing higher mental…
any event that increases the probability that a response will…
Associative learning
an ability to learn and remember an association or relationsh…
Learning
Knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study... or... Modifi…
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