Study sets matching "brain mind"

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Study sets matching "brain mind"

31 terms
mind brain
appetitive soul
Broca's aphasia
cerebral hemispheres
cerebrospinal fluid
Controls living forces in our body. Blood. Liver
Damage to an area in the frontal lobe
Right and left sides of big brain
Liquid substance around brain and spinal chord. Protector
appetitive soul
Controls living forces in our body. Blood. Liver
Broca's aphasia
Damage to an area in the frontal lobe
70 terms
Mind Brain, Lecture 2
the portion of the nervous system that…
the portion of the nervous system that…
a collection of axons bundled together…
a nerve that conveys neural activity t…
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerve
motor nerve
the portion of the nervous system that…
central nervous system
the portion of the nervous system that…
peripheral nervous system
Brain, Mind, Experience - Brain
Ablation
Horizontal plane
Basal ganglia
Brain stem
Surgical removal of brain tissue.
A slice that runs horizontally through a standing person (i.e…
Subcortical structures of the cerebral hemispheres involved i…
The "trunk" of the brain comprised of the medulla, pons, midb…
Ablation
Surgical removal of brain tissue.
Horizontal plane
A slice that runs horizontally through a standing person (i.e…
8 terms
BRAIN AND MIND
BRAIN DRAIN
BRAINCHILD
BRAINWASH
BRAINWAVE
large scale emigration by talented people
an original idea, plan, or invention
to make someone believe something by repeatedly telling them…
a sudden good idea
BRAIN DRAIN
large scale emigration by talented people
BRAINCHILD
an original idea, plan, or invention
74 terms
Mind & Brain Ch.2
Dendrites
Soma
Axon
Axon terminals
Receive messages from other neurons
Cell Body; receives and sends messages down the axon
fiber that carries information away from the cell body of the…
branches that link the dendrites and somas of other neurons
Dendrites
Receive messages from other neurons
Soma
Cell Body; receives and sends messages down the axon
23 terms
Brain and mind
to develop memory skills
to develop special abilities
a huge amount of information
to have a fascination with books
развивать навыки памяти
развивать особые способности
огромное количество информации
увлекаться книгами, иметь увлечение книгами
to develop memory skills
развивать навыки памяти
to develop special abilities
развивать особые способности
21 terms
Mind & Brain
CNS
PNS
sympathetic nerves
parasympathetic nerves
Brain and spinal cord
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
fight/flight responses
try to conserve energy
CNS
Brain and spinal cord
PNS
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
Mind and Brain
Descartes
Democritus
Plato
Aristotle
-body/brain=machine, inferred brain=necessary for sensation/m…
-first materialist?... -everything=made of atoms... -psyche=made of…
-nativism... -all knowledge=innate, but forgotten and must be re…
-empiricism... -knowledge=from observation of world... -3 laws of a…
Descartes
-body/brain=machine, inferred brain=necessary for sensation/m…
Democritus
-first materialist?... -everything=made of atoms... -psyche=made of…
98 terms
MIND AND BRAIN
neural communication
synapses
neurons
mitochondria
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Enclosed by two membranes with the inner membrane folded; con…
neural communication
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
synapses
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
14 terms
Mind and Brain
functional localization of speech and…
aphasia
brocas aphasia
supplementary motor area
fmri, pet, meg, erp
parital or total loss of ability to articulate ideas
damage to left frontal side of brain, called disfluent or agg…
connected with serialized actions of controlled motor, help y…
functional localization of speech and…
fmri, pet, meg, erp
aphasia
parital or total loss of ability to articulate ideas
Brain and Mind
neuron
dendrite
axon
myelin sheath
basic building block of the nervous... system
receive messages
passes messages
speeds neural impulses and covers the axon
neuron
basic building block of the nervous... system
dendrite
receive messages
Brain and mind
Speak your mind
Make up the mind
Pick your brains
Take your mind off
Выговориться
Принять решение
Собратьчся с мыслями
Отвлечься от
Speak your mind
Выговориться
Make up the mind
Принять решение
Intro to Mind and Brain: Brain
Glia
Types of glia in the central nervous s…
Types of glia in the peripheral nervou…
Astrocytes (CNS) and Satellite cells (…
Non-neuronal cells in the nervous system... -support neurons phy…
Ependymal cells, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia
Satellite cells, Schwann cells
Structural support for neurons... -help create the blood-brain b…
Glia
Non-neuronal cells in the nervous system... -support neurons phy…
Types of glia in the central nervous s…
Ependymal cells, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, microglia
24 terms
Mind and Brain
psychological & biological model limia…
Descarte's error
psychological factors affect behavior…
biopsychosocial model
psychological models are often too mentally reductive... biolog…
-dualism: the idea that mind and brain are two different and…
-early life stress changes brain circuitry for emotional cont…
-biological, psychological, and social factors all act and in…
psychological & biological model limia…
psychological models are often too mentally reductive... biolog…
Descarte's error
-dualism: the idea that mind and brain are two different and…
64 terms
Mind and Brain
Executive functions (cognitive control)
PFC
3 key elements of cognitive control
5 situations requiring executive funct…
management of cognitive processes (conductor of everything)
takes environmental cues/desires and orchestrates into cohere…
a) working memory: capacity to hold info and manipulate it... b)…
1) decision making/planning... 2) error correction ... 3) when have…
Executive functions (cognitive control)
management of cognitive processes (conductor of everything)
PFC
takes environmental cues/desires and orchestrates into cohere…
117 terms
Mind and brain
Sensation
Perception
Synesthesia
Light
Registration of physical stimuli from the environment by the…
The interpretations of sensations by the brain
If you perceive one thing you can perceive the whole thing
Range of electromagnetic energy that is visible to humans
Sensation
Registration of physical stimuli from the environment by the…
Perception
The interpretations of sensations by the brain
90 terms
Mind and Brain
Cognitive Control
Cognitive Control Function
Cognitive Control Key Elements
Norman & Shallice (1986)
Management of cognitive processes; also called executive func…
Needed to optimize performance in situations that require coo…
Working memory, inhibitory control (i.e. not checking Faceboo…
Identified five general situations requiring cognitive execut…
Cognitive Control
Management of cognitive processes; also called executive func…
Cognitive Control Function
Needed to optimize performance in situations that require coo…
41 terms
Mind & Brain Ch. 7
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
active system that receives, stores, organizes, alters, and r…
converting information into a useable form
holding this information in memory for later use
taking memories out of storage
Memory
active system that receives, stores, organizes, alters, and r…
Encoding
converting information into a useable form
Mind and Brain
Three types of mental states
Phenomenal experiences
Qualia
Cognitive state
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
Qualitative aspects of phenomenal experiences. They are alway…
They possess intentionality, which is the property of being a…
Three types of mental states
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Phenomenal experiences
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
Mind and Brain
Three types of mental states
Phenomenal experiences
Qualia
Cognitive state
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
Qualitative aspects of phenomenal experiences. They are alway…
They possess intentionality, which is the property of being a…
Three types of mental states
1) Phenomenal experiences 2) Cognitive 3) Emotions
Phenomenal experiences
Characterized by their qualitative feel/what-it-is likeness... E…
Mind & Brain
Why did Derek Steen have a sensation i…
Blindsight
What are the implications of blindsigh…
What type of brain damage led to visua…
When Derek shaved the left side of his face, he would feel pa…
Describes the ability to detect things, but not to be aware o…
Being swamped by visual information, unable to focus on the w…
Peggy suffered a stroke in the parietal lobe of her brain, th…
Why did Derek Steen have a sensation i…
When Derek shaved the left side of his face, he would feel pa…
Blindsight
Describes the ability to detect things, but not to be aware o…
29 terms
Brain and Mind
afferent
efferent
sensory neurons (afferent neurons)
motor neurons (efferent neurons)
sensory pathways; information from body/outer world - spinal…
motor pathways; from brain - spinal cord - body
detect changes in internal / external environment and send in…
send information from CNS to body; controls muscles and glands
afferent
sensory pathways; information from body/outer world - spinal…
efferent
motor pathways; from brain - spinal cord - body
20 terms
Mind and brain
Myelencephelon
Metencephalon
Mesencephalon
Diencephalon
medulla
cerebellum (dorsal) pons (ventral)
tectum (dorsal) tegmentum(ventral)
thalmus (dorsal) hypothalmus (ventral)
Myelencephelon
medulla
Metencephalon
cerebellum (dorsal) pons (ventral)
242 terms
Mind, Brain, & Behavior Final
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Telecephalon
Brain + Spine... Does the comprehension of inputs and sends out…
Everything else... changes stimuli to neural signals
Don't go through spinal cord but are part of the PNS
Cortex
Central Nervous System
Brain + Spine... Does the comprehension of inputs and sends out…
Peripheral Nervous System
Everything else... changes stimuli to neural signals
98 terms
MIND AND BRAIN
neural communication
synapses
neurons
mitochondria
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Enclosed by two membranes with the inner membrane folded; con…
neural communication
transmission of info between neurons occurs across synapse
synapses
TINY SPACES BETWEEN NEURONS
47 terms
Minds and Brains
Sigmund Freud 1905
William James, 1890
Sigmund Freud, 1925
Meyer, 1908
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
"In Europe I felt as though I were despised; but over there I…
It proved to be much more satisfactory to speak in... terms of s…
Sigmund Freud 1905
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
William James, 1890
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
115 terms
Mind & Brain
Dualists
Mind
Dichotomy
Telekenesis
Ronnie Dhaher. The mind controls the body and is NOT part of…
External from the body. Untouchable and a dichotomy
A division between 2 things that are opposed or completely di…
Make physical things move with thoughts and concentration
Dualists
Ronnie Dhaher. The mind controls the body and is NOT part of…
Mind
External from the body. Untouchable and a dichotomy
88 terms
Mind and Brain - Chapter 2
Sensory Neuron
Motor Neuron
Interneuron
Central nervous system (CNS)
a neuron that detects changes in the external or internal env…
a neuron located within the CNS that controls the contraction…
a neuron located entirely within the CNS. Motor and sensory n…
Brain and spinal cord (anything encased in bone)
Sensory Neuron
a neuron that detects changes in the external or internal env…
Motor Neuron
a neuron located within the CNS that controls the contraction…
Mind and Brain
Examining autopsy tissue
How scientists study the nervous system
Neuropsychological assessments
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
can see what our brains look like, but tells little about how…
Examining autopsy tissue, Neuropsychological assessments, EEG…
Clinical diagnosis of brain damage through psychological (beh…
Uses scalp electrodes to record and amplify neuronal activity…
Examining autopsy tissue
can see what our brains look like, but tells little about how…
How scientists study the nervous system
Examining autopsy tissue, Neuropsychological assessments, EEG…
Brain and mind
Behaviourism
Cognition
Functionalism
Materialism
The theory that humans should be understood by means of their…
Mental activity and processes: thinking remembering, etc
The theory that the mind can be explained through its functions
The theory that everything is formed of matter and nothing el…
Behaviourism
The theory that humans should be understood by means of their…
Cognition
Mental activity and processes: thinking remembering, etc
Brain and mind
Medulla Oblongata
Cerebellum
Pons
The ventricles
The most ventral part of the brain and is mainly filled with…
System that makes movements smooth and precise and manages au…
Acts as a bridge between the brain stem and the cerebellum
In order to protect the brain it needs to be pressurised from…
Medulla Oblongata
The most ventral part of the brain and is mainly filled with…
Cerebellum
System that makes movements smooth and precise and manages au…
5 terms
mind and brain
piercing
shriek=screech=scream
acoustical
neural circuits
adj. (指聲音等) 尖銳的;刺耳的 (指風、寒冷等) 刺骨的;穿透的... 動詞pierce的現在分詞形式
(vt)尖叫
adj. 聽覺的; 聲學的; 音響的
n. 神經迴路
piercing
adj. (指聲音等) 尖銳的;刺耳的 (指風、寒冷等) 刺骨的;穿透的... 動詞pierce的現在分詞形式
shriek=screech=scream
(vt)尖叫
Mind-Brain Identity Theory
type physicalism
token physicalism
identity theorists
empirical claim
every property is identical with some physical property, supe…
every particular thing in the world is a physical particular
at least some types of mental states are identical with some…
relying on derived from observation or claim
type physicalism
every property is identical with some physical property, supe…
token physicalism
every particular thing in the world is a physical particular
53 terms
Brain and Mind
out loud
keep one's mouth shut
go against conventional wisdom
conventional
not silently
stay silent
the opposite of what people believe
adj)... 1 [only before noun] it has been used for a long time an…
out loud
not silently
keep one's mouth shut
stay silent
13 terms
Brain and mind
Synapse
Motor neurone
Sensory neurone
Conditioned reflex
Gap between two neurons
Takes electrical messages from CNS to the effector
Takes electrical messages from receptors to CNS
A learned reaction to a secondary stimulus linked to the prim…
Synapse
Gap between two neurons
Motor neurone
Takes electrical messages from CNS to the effector
58 terms
Mind & Brain Ch.6
Associative learning
Learning
Cognitive Learning
Reinforcement
an ability to learn and remember an association or relationsh…
Knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study... or... Modifi…
Understanding, knowing, anticipating, utilizing higher mental…
any event that increases the probability that a response will…
Associative learning
an ability to learn and remember an association or relationsh…
Learning
Knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study... or... Modifi…
34 terms
Mind & Brain Ch.9
Intelligence
Aptitude
Special Aptitude Test
Multiple aptitude tests
global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and de…
capacity for learning certain abilities
test that predicts whether you will succeed in a single areas
test that measures two or more types of ability
Intelligence
global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and de…
Aptitude
capacity for learning certain abilities
Brains and minds
brain drain
brainchild
brainstorm
brain damage
a new and original idea
concussion
brain drain
brainchild
a new and original idea
24 terms
Mind & Brain- Chapter 1
Dualism
Monosim
Blindsight
Split Brain
The belief that the dual nature of the reality; the body is p…
The belief that the world consists only of physical matter an…
The ability of a person who cannot see objects in his or her…
Brain surgery where the surgeon cuts the corpus callosum... Used…
Dualism
The belief that the dual nature of the reality; the body is p…
Monosim
The belief that the world consists only of physical matter an…
20 terms
mind/brain
make up your mind
change your mind
to be in two minds
be out of your mind
sich entscheiden
sich um entscheiden
es schwer finden zu entscheiden
verrückt sein
make up your mind
sich entscheiden
change your mind
sich um entscheiden
60 terms
Brain and Mind
What areas make up the Temporal Lobe?
What areas make up the Occipital Lobe?
What is the Occipital Lobe responsible…
What areas make up the Parietal Lobe?
Werkicke's area... Primary Auditory Cortex... Auditory association…
Primary Visual Cortex... Visual Association Cortex
Visual processing
Somatosensory Cortex... Somatosensory Association Cortex
What areas make up the Temporal Lobe?
Werkicke's area... Primary Auditory Cortex... Auditory association…
What areas make up the Occipital Lobe?
Primary Visual Cortex... Visual Association Cortex
53 terms
Mind & Brain Ch. 5
Consciousness
Waking consciousness
Altered state of consciousness
Repair/restorative theories of sleep
your sensations and perceptions of external events and your s…
normal, clear alert awareness
changes that occur in quality and pattern of mental activity;…
lowering body and brain activity and metabolism during sleep…
Consciousness
your sensations and perceptions of external events and your s…
Waking consciousness
normal, clear alert awareness
16 terms
Mind&Brain
make up one's mind
change one's mind
be in two minds
be out of one's mind
sich entscheiden
seine Meinung ändern
hin- und hergerissen sein
den Verstand verloren haben
make up one's mind
sich entscheiden
change one's mind
seine Meinung ändern
16 terms
Brain and Mind/Brain Identity
Hippocrates
Pythagoras
Galen
DaVinci
The center of activity is the head.
Mind and matter is somehow connected
The brain is the seat for the mind. Less focus on matter.
Anatomy artist. Thinks that ventricles are important to the b…
Hippocrates
The center of activity is the head.
Pythagoras
Mind and matter is somehow connected
43 terms
Minds and Brains
Sigmund Freud 1905
William James 1890
Sigmund Freud 1925
Adolf Meyer 1908
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
"In Europe I felt as though I were despised; but over there I…
It proved to be much more satisfactory to speak in... terms of s…
Sigmund Freud 1905
"A house was on fire. My father was standing beside my bed an…
William James 1890
"the distinction between the unconscious and the conscious be…
82 terms
Mind & Brain- Chapter 2
Sensory Neuron
Motor Neuron
Interneuron
The Central Nervous System
A neurone that detects changes in the external or internal en…
A neuron located within the CNS that controls the contraction…
A neuron located entirely within the CNS
The brain and the spinal cord
Sensory Neuron
A neurone that detects changes in the external or internal en…
Motor Neuron
A neuron located within the CNS that controls the contraction…
123 terms
Exam 1 Mind Brain and Behavior
Neuroscience
Mind-Brain Problem
Monism (Materialism)
Dualism
The study in many fields of the nervous system and its role i…
Does the brain control the mind or does the mind control the…
Democritus everything is made up of atoms
The brain is material, the mind is not
Neuroscience
The study in many fields of the nervous system and its role i…
Mind-Brain Problem
Does the brain control the mind or does the mind control the…
59 terms
Mind & Brain Ch. 4
Transducer
Sensations
Perceptions
Selection
Device that converts one kind of energy into another
Information arriving at the brain from the sense organs (eye,…
Meaningful patterns produced when the brain organizes sensati…
Reduction of processing load on the brain... -sensory receptors…
Transducer
Device that converts one kind of energy into another
Sensations
Information arriving at the brain from the sense organs (eye,…
In class mind and brain
what are the three goals of psych/neur…
Dependent variable
Independent Variable
Physiological
Explain, Predict, control/ modify (ethics )
What is measured
what is manipulated
testosterone increases anti-... social behavior
what are the three goals of psych/neur…
Explain, Predict, control/ modify (ethics )
Dependent variable
What is measured
53 terms
Mind & Brain Ch. 10
Motivation
Need
Drive
Response
dynamics of behavior; the ays actions are initiated, sustaine…
internal deficiency; causes drive
energized motivational state; activates a response
action or series of actions designed to attain a goal
Motivation
dynamics of behavior; the ays actions are initiated, sustaine…
Need
internal deficiency; causes drive
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