Study sets matching "bscs biology honors chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "bscs biology honors chapter 4"

BSCS Honors Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary - Photosynthesis
Light Reactions
PSI
PSII
Electron Transport System
The first of two major stages in photosynthesis (preceding th…
phenomena involving the transfer of information or energy tha…
occurs in purple NONsulfur bacteria (alphaproteobacteria)
A series of compounds that transfer electrons from electron d…
Light Reactions
The first of two major stages in photosynthesis (preceding th…
PSI
phenomena involving the transfer of information or energy tha…
BSCS Biology Chapter 4
Photosynthesis
Photoautotrophs
Chemoautotrophs
Which has more energy; a shorter wavel…
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
Bacteria that oxidize inorganic substances in order to gan en…
Shorter
Photosynthesis
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Photoautotrophs
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
27 terms
BSCS Biology Chapter 4
photoautotrophs
chemoautotrophs
visible light
how do pigments allow us to see color?
autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
bacteria that obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic substances…
these light waves have a certain range of energies (in betwee…
they allow us to absorb visible light. When the pigments in o…
photoautotrophs
autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
chemoautotrophs
bacteria that obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic substances…
53 terms
BSCS Biology Chapter 4
Photosynthesis
Photoautotrophs
Chemoautotrophs
Which has more energy; a shorter wavel…
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
Bacteria that oxidize inorganic substances in order to gan en…
Shorter
Photosynthesis
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Photoautotrophs
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
53 terms
BSCS Biology Chapter 4
Photosynthesis
Photoautotrophs
Chemoautotrophs
Which has more energy; a shorter wavel…
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
Bacteria that oxidize inorganic substances in order to gan en…
Shorter
Photosynthesis
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Photoautotrophs
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
61 terms
BSCS Biology Chapter 4
Photosynthesis
Photoautotrophs
Chemoautotrophs
Which has more energy; a shorter wavel…
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
Bacteria that oxidize inorganic substances in order to gan en…
Shorter
Photosynthesis
The process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
Photoautotrophs
Autotrophs that depend on photosynthesis for energy and carbo…
15 terms
BSCS Biology Vocab Chapter 4 lex
photosynthesis
photoautotroph
chemoautotroph
chloroplast
the process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
an organism that derives its energy from light and forms its…
an organism that derives its energy from the oxidation of ino…
an organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists: the…
photosynthesis
the process by which cells use light energy to make organic c…
photoautotroph
an organism that derives its energy from light and forms its…
38 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
light microscope
cell theory
electron microscope
scanning electron microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
A microscope that uses an electron beam to study the surface…
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Cells surface area
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Cells surface area
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell wall
Cilia
Flagella
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
protects and supports the cell
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
move the cell through the fluid
isolates the cell contents from the environment; regulates mo…
Cell wall
protects and supports the cell
Cilia
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
chapter 4 honors biology
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
Honors Biology - Chapter 4 Energy
ATP
Biofeul
C4 Photosynthesis
Calvin Cycle
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Energy sources derived from plants or animals. Throughout the…
A method of photosynthesis where am additional step of carbon…
Reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Biofeul
Energy sources derived from plants or animals. Throughout the…
chapter 4 for biology honors
cell theory
Robert hook
Anton von leeuwenhoek
Matthias scheiden
1. cells are basic building blocks of organisms ... 2.cells are…
put a cork under the microscope... named the cell
created the first microscope... first microbiologist
said all plants are made of cells
cell theory
1. cells are basic building blocks of organisms ... 2.cells are…
Robert hook
put a cork under the microscope... named the cell
88 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
What do all cells use for energy?
molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
lower- energy molecule that cane be converted back to ATP by…
processes where organisms use chemical energy instead of ligh…
ATP
ATP
molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
ADP
lower- energy molecule that cane be converted back to ATP by…
65 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cells
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
all living things are made up of one or more
is the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of l…
discovered cells in slices of corks... named them after "cells"…
the first to observe livings cells in microorganisms... created…
Cells
all living things are made up of one or more
Cell
is the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of l…
50 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
cell theory
body tube, nosepiece, objectives, stag…
power ocular lens x power of objective
as you increase the power of magnifica…
the theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
label this microscope
how do you calculate the power of magnification?
what happens to our view of an image as you increase the powe…
cell theory
the theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
body tube, nosepiece, objectives, stag…
label this microscope
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Electron Microscope (EM)
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
very powerful microscope to view the ultrastructure of the ce…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Electron Microscope (EM)
very powerful microscope to view the ultrastructure of the ce…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell wall
Cilia
Flagella
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
protects and supports the cell
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
move the cell through the fluid
isolates the cell contents from the environment; regulates mo…
Cell wall
protects and supports the cell
Cilia
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
37 terms
Honors biology chapter 4
autotroph
heterotroph
ATP
ADP
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that depends on other organisms for food
a compound that serves as a temporary energy storage molecule…
the molecule that is produced when ATP is split to yield energy
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
heterotroph
An organism that depends on other organisms for food
46 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
light microscope
micrograph
cell theory
electron microscope
scientific instrument used to magnify an image (up to 1000x)…
a photograph taken through a microscope
developed by Anton van Leeuwenhoek... 1. all cells arise from ex…
a scientific instrument used to magnify an image (up to 100,0…
light microscope
scientific instrument used to magnify an image (up to 1000x)…
micrograph
a photograph taken through a microscope
304 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
a group of cells organized to form a f…
3
ground tissue, vascular tissue, dermal…
in the leaves, stems, and roots of pla…
What is a tissue?
How many tissue systems do plants have?
What are the tissue systems of plants?
All three tissues can be found where?
a group of cells organized to form a f…
What is a tissue?
3
How many tissue systems do plants have?
97 terms
Honors Biology : Chapter 4
organic compound
inorganic compound
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
contains C and H and sometimes O and N ; in nature they are f…
do not contain C and H ; no stored energy which includes: H2O…
the chemistry of carbon compounds frequently found in living…
C and H compound ; besides sharing e with other C and H, they…
organic compound
contains C and H and sometimes O and N ; in nature they are f…
inorganic compound
do not contain C and H ; no stored energy which includes: H2O…
51 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Cells on the Move
Types of Microscopes
in 1665 established the cell theory, "that is, all living thi…
later described cells that could move (animalcules). He viewe…
not all cells move. However, the cellular parts are actively…
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Robert Hooke
in 1665 established the cell theory, "that is, all living thi…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
later described cells that could move (animalcules). He viewe…
44 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4 Vocab
Cell theory
Cell wall
Cellular metabolism
Central vacuole
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
The chemical activities of cells
A membrane-enclosed sac occupying most of the interior of a m…
Cell theory
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
Cell wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
16 terms
BSCS Biology Green Chapter 4 (set 1)
ADP adenosine diphosphate
ATP adenosine triphosphate
cellular respiration
chlorophyll
the compound that remains when a phosphate group is transferr…
a compound that has three phosphate groups and is used by cel…
the series of chemical reactions by which a living cell break…
the green pigments of plants and many microorganisms; convert…
ADP adenosine diphosphate
the compound that remains when a phosphate group is transferr…
ATP adenosine triphosphate
a compound that has three phosphate groups and is used by cel…
48 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cellular Metabolism
Central Vacuole
The theory that all living things are comprised of cells and…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
All the chemical activities of a cell.
In a plant cell, a large membranous sac with diverse roles in…
Cell Theory
The theory that all living things are comprised of cells and…
Cell Wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
26 terms
Chapter 4 Honors Biology
Cell
Cell Theory 1
Cell Theory 2
Cell Theory 3
Basic unit of life
All organisms are made up of one or more cells.
The cell is the basic unit of organization of all organisms.
All cells come from other cells all ready in existence.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Theory 1
All organisms are made up of one or more cells.
49 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leewenhoek
Mattias Schleiden
Theodar Schwann
termed the cell, observed a cork "cell", looked at dead things
microscope maker, first to observe living things
botanist who stated that all plants are made up of cells
zoologist who stated all animals are made up of cells
Robert Hooke
termed the cell, observed a cork "cell", looked at dead things
Anton van Leewenhoek
microscope maker, first to observe living things
45 terms
Chapter 4 honors biology
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Eukaryote
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
The theory that all living things are made up of cells, that…
The lipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell theory
The theory that all living things are made up of cells, that…
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Autotroph
2 pyruvic acid molecules
Heterotroph
ATP
Organisms that make their own food... Plants and algae
product of glycolysis
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy... Hum…
adenosine triphosphate... A compound that serves as a temporary…
Autotroph
Organisms that make their own food... Plants and algae
2 pyruvic acid molecules
product of glycolysis
30 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 4
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
The smallest unit that can perform all life's processes
The theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Also known as the cell membrane, the cell's outer boundary
The region within the cell that contains the fluid, cytoskele…
Cell
The smallest unit that can perform all life's processes
Cell Theory
The theory that states that all living things are made up of…
Honors Biology~ Chapter 4
Population density
Dispersion
Uniform, clumped groups, random
Population density, spatial distributi…
The number of organisms per unit area
The pattern of spacing of a population within an area
Three types of dispersion
What 3 things do all populations have?
Population density
The number of organisms per unit area
Dispersion
The pattern of spacing of a population within an area
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
day to day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year to year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
the process in which certain gasses trap sunlight energy in e…
weather
day to day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year to year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
48 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 4
capsule
cell theory
centriole
chloroplast
a sticky layer that surrounds the bacterial cell wall, protec…
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
a structure in an animal cell, composed of microtubule triple…
organelle found in some plant cells and certain unicellular o…
capsule
a sticky layer that surrounds the bacterial cell wall, protec…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
Honors Biology (Chapter 4)
Cell theory 1
Cell Theory 2
Cell Theory 3
Cell size
All living things are made of cells
Smallest organisms are single cells
All cells come from pre-existing cells
One to one hundred micrometers
Cell theory 1
All living things are made of cells
Cell Theory 2
Smallest organisms are single cells
Honors Biology Chapter 4
photosynthesis
adenosine diphosphate
anaerobic
ATP synthase
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
process that does not require oxygen to occur
enzyme that catalyzes the reaction that adds a high-energy ph…
photosynthesis
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
adenosine diphosphate
low-energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
Biology honors chapter 4
1800
cells are basic building blocks of org…
cell theory
all cells can come from pre-existing c…
when did cell theory develop
cell theory
cells are units of structure and function
3rd rule of cell theory
1800
when did cell theory develop
cells are basic building blocks of org…
cell theory
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
autotrophs
heterotrophs
chemical energy
photosynthesis
organisms that make their own food
organisms that do not make their own food
ATP
Process by which plants and some other organisms use (light e…
autotrophs
organisms that make their own food
heterotrophs
organisms that do not make their own food
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Life Processes of the cell
Ability to cause matter to move or cha…
Energy conversion
Energy of motion
1. Growth... 2.Reproduction... 3.Movement... 4.Transportation
Energy
mechanical energy/heat
Kinetic energy
Life Processes of the cell
1. Growth... 2.Reproduction... 3.Movement... 4.Transportation
Ability to cause matter to move or cha…
Energy
56 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 4
Chloroplast
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Main energy source that cells use for most of their work
The compound that remains when a phosphate group is removed f…
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
Chloroplast
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
ATP
Main energy source that cells use for most of their work
44 terms
Chapter 4- Honors Biology
Ribosomes
Second Major Region of cells
Cytosol
What does the cytosol suspend?
most numerous of all organelles, unlike most other organelles…
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like fluid inside cytoplasm
Organelles
Ribosomes
most numerous of all organelles, unlike most other organelles…
Second Major Region of cells
Cytoplasm
16 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 4
ATP
ADP
Metabolism
Synthesis
Adenosine Triphosphate, a molecule with three phosphate group…
Adenosine Diphosphate a molecule like ATP but with only two g…
All the chemical activities and changes that take place in a…
Metabolic reactions where larger, more complex molecules are…
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate, a molecule with three phosphate group…
ADP
Adenosine Diphosphate a molecule like ATP but with only two g…
25 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
matter
element
compond
atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
a substance containing two or more elements that are chemical…
smallest possible particle of an element
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
66 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Virchow
Leeuwenhoek
Dutrochet/Brown
Schwann
"The animal only arises from the animal and the plant only fr…
Was known to use hand-held microscopes; Dutch storekeeper
"The cell is the fundamental element of organization"
One of the first scientists to say "all animals are made from…
Virchow
"The animal only arises from the animal and the plant only fr…
Leeuwenhoek
Was known to use hand-held microscopes; Dutch storekeeper
20 terms
Honors Biology-Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Active Transport
What are the three types of passive tr…
Diffusion
no energy required; follows the concentration gradient
energy required; against the concentration gradient
diffusion, osmosis, and facilitated diffusion
moves from a high concentration to a low concentration
Passive Transport
no energy required; follows the concentration gradient
Active Transport
energy required; against the concentration gradient
41 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
ribosomes
mitochondria
chloroplasts
rER
-not membrane bound or made of membranes... -come from nucleolus…
-makes ATP (energy) for the cell... -in eukaryotic cells... -have o…
-in plant cells... -makes glucose for the cell through photosynt…
-makes proteins because of ribosomes... -sometimes makes phospho…
ribosomes
-not membrane bound or made of membranes... -come from nucleolus…
mitochondria
-makes ATP (energy) for the cell... -in eukaryotic cells... -have o…
47 terms
Honors biology Chapter 4
Hooke
Leeuwehoek
Schleiden
Schwann
Named the cell, looked at cork, saw cell walls
Observed first living cells used handheld microscopes
Says all plants have cells
Says all animals have cells
Hooke
Named the cell, looked at cork, saw cell walls
Leeuwehoek
Observed first living cells used handheld microscopes
60 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Big difference between organic and ino…
Function Groups (Definition)
Macromolecules that are frequently found in living things; co…
Small; micromolecules; do not contain Hydrogen and Carbon; no…
Size and complexity of organic compounds
Give molecules distinctive properties
Organic Compounds
Macromolecules that are frequently found in living things; co…
Inorganic Compounds
Small; micromolecules; do not contain Hydrogen and Carbon; no…
Honors Biology: Chapter 4
What is an ideal surface area to volum…
prokaryote
eukaryote
similarities and differences between p…
ideal: large SA:V ratio because a large surface area provides…
before the nucleus; DNA is free-floating in the cytoplasm (no…
true nucleus; DNA is contained in the nucleus. plant and anim…
similarities:... 1. cell membrane and cell wall (plant cells)... 2.…
What is an ideal surface area to volum…
ideal: large SA:V ratio because a large surface area provides…
prokaryote
before the nucleus; DNA is free-floating in the cytoplasm (no…
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Cells surface area
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Cells surface area
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
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