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Study sets matching "bureaucracy"

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Study sets matching "bureaucracy"

30 terms
Bureaucracy
Deregulation
Bureaucracy
Value-added tax (VAT)
Administrative discretion
A policy promoting cutbacks in the amount of federal regulati…
A form of organization that operates through impersonal, unif…
A tax on increased value of a product at each stage of produc…
Authority given by Congress to the federal bureaucracy to use…
Deregulation
A policy promoting cutbacks in the amount of federal regulati…
Bureaucracy
A form of organization that operates through impersonal, unif…
46 terms
Bureaucracy
Administrative adjudication
Administrative discretion
Agencies
Annual authorization
Most formal proceedings before an administrative agency follo…
The authority of administrative actors to select among variou…
Organization established to provide a particular service, typ…
Legislation that authorizes appropriations for a single fisca…
Administrative adjudication
Most formal proceedings before an administrative agency follo…
Administrative discretion
The authority of administrative actors to select among variou…
17 terms
Bureaucracy
bureaucracy
hierarchical authority
job specialization
formalized rules
an organization based on hierarchical authority, job speciali…
a chain of command within an organization where officials and…
the responsibilities of each job position within an organizat…
standardized procedures and established regulations by which…
bureaucracy
an organization based on hierarchical authority, job speciali…
hierarchical authority
a chain of command within an organization where officials and…
53 terms
BUREAUCRACY
bureaucracy
neutral competence
hierarchy
specialization
organization characterized by hierarchical structure, worker…
goal of bureaucracy... the principle that bureaucracy should be…
clear chain of command and responsibility
tasks divided by expertise
bureaucracy
organization characterized by hierarchical structure, worker…
neutral competence
goal of bureaucracy... the principle that bureaucracy should be…
bureaucracy
bureaucracy
patronage
civil service
merit principle
government in which most of the important decisions are made…
the support given by a patron... e.g. "the theater department is…
permanent professional branches of a government's administrat…
the process of promoting and hiring government employees base…
bureaucracy
government in which most of the important decisions are made…
patronage
the support given by a patron... e.g. "the theater department is…
30 terms
Bureaucracy
discretionary authority
administrative adjudication
merit based civil service
representative bureaucracy
the extent to which bureaucrats can choose courses of action…
the process by which agencies resolve disputes over the imple…
a personnel system in which bureaucrats are hired on the basi…
bureaucracy where people serving resemble larger population w…
discretionary authority
the extent to which bureaucrats can choose courses of action…
administrative adjudication
the process by which agencies resolve disputes over the imple…
Bureaucracy
Functions of Bureaucracy
Characteristics of Bureaucracy
Facilitates Collective Action
Alternate Definition of Bureaucracy
Maximize personal gain for overseers, delegate & coordinate,…
Hierarchical org, job specialization, formalized rules, unifo…
Coordinates, discourages free riding, enforces agreements
A specialized machine with interchangeable human parts
Functions of Bureaucracy
Maximize personal gain for overseers, delegate & coordinate,…
Characteristics of Bureaucracy
Hierarchical org, job specialization, formalized rules, unifo…
17 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Bureau
Kratos
Pyramid
Group of appointed officials within an institution that imple…
Desk, office
Rule
Executive office, president's cabinet, other bureaucratic age…
Bureaucracy
Group of appointed officials within an institution that imple…
Bureau
Desk, office
16 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
civil servants
political appointees
regulation
The system of civil servants and political appointees who imp…
Employees of bureaucratic agencies within the government.
People selected by an elected leader, such as the president,…
A rule that allows the government to exercise control over in…
Bureaucracy
The system of civil servants and political appointees who imp…
civil servants
Employees of bureaucratic agencies within the government.
12 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Department
Independent Regulatory Commission
Government Corporation
form of organization that operates through impersonal, unifor…
Biggest organization in gov w/largest mission, covers broad a…
gov agency or commission w/regulatory power whose independenc…
gov agency that operates like a business corp, created to sec…
Bureaucracy
form of organization that operates through impersonal, unifor…
Department
Biggest organization in gov w/largest mission, covers broad a…
20 terms
bureaucracy
Acquisitive Model
Bureaucracy
Cabinet Department
Capture
gain greater power
A large organization
One of the fifteen departments of the executive branch
Gains direct or indirect control over agency personnel and de…
Acquisitive Model
gain greater power
Bureaucracy
A large organization
20 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Merit principle
Civil Service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
The idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and pr…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
21 terms
Bureaucracy
Red Tape
Conflict
Duplication
Unchecked Growth
Refers to the complex maze of government rules, regulations,…
Exists because some agencies often seem to be working at cros…
Sometimes called "wasteful duplication." Occurs when two gove…
Sometimes referred to as imperialism, this refers to the tend…
Red Tape
Refers to the complex maze of government rules, regulations,…
Conflict
Exists because some agencies often seem to be working at cros…
20 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Bureaucrat
Department
Independent agency
A form of organization that operates through impersonal, unif…
A career government employee
Usually the largest organization in government with the large…
A government entity that is independent of the legislative, e…
Bureaucracy
A form of organization that operates through impersonal, unif…
Bureaucrat
A career government employee
16 terms
bureaucracy
bureaucracy
civil service commissions
discretionary authority
goverment corporation
a system of government in which most of the important decisio…
a government agency of the federal government of the United S…
is the ability to exercise powers that may not be expressly g…
state-owned company, state-owned entity
bureaucracy
a system of government in which most of the important decisio…
civil service commissions
a government agency of the federal government of the United S…
20 terms
Bureaucracy
Structure of Bureaucracy
Weberian Model
Acquisitive Model
Monopolistic Model
hierarchically to carry out specific functions
developed by German sociologist Max Weber, who viewed bureauc…
that views top-level bureaucrats as seeking to expand the siz…
compares bureaucrats to monopolistic business firms; lack of…
Structure of Bureaucracy
hierarchically to carry out specific functions
Weberian Model
developed by German sociologist Max Weber, who viewed bureauc…
11 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
four thousand
15
14
all of the agencies that help the president enforce federal l…
how many federal laws are there
number of cabinet departments
number of cabinet departments headed by a secretary
Bureaucracy
all of the agencies that help the president enforce federal l…
four thousand
how many federal laws are there
40 terms
Bureaucracy
Federal Bureaucracy
Weber's characterisation of Bureaucracy:
Power of Bureaucracies
Constraints on Bureaucracy
The federal government agencies that implement and administer…
1.) Chain of command where authority starts at the top and fl…
Political Authority over the bureaucracy is shared among seve…
-Government agencies can't lawfully retain and devote to the…
Federal Bureaucracy
The federal government agencies that implement and administer…
Weber's characterisation of Bureaucracy:
1.) Chain of command where authority starts at the top and fl…
25 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucrat
Bureaucracy
Spoils System
Rotation in office
An employee of a government or corporation, often with the ne…
Structure created to achieve complex goals through coordinate…
practice popular in the nineteenth century that allowed presi…
Principle established by Andrew Jackson that allowed the pres…
Bureaucrat
An employee of a government or corporation, often with the ne…
Bureaucracy
Structure created to achieve complex goals through coordinate…
15 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton civil service act
Civil service
According to max weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by party machines. A pyro age…
Passed in 1883, an act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of being and promotion based in the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to max weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by party machines. A pyro age…
22 terms
Bureaucracy
bureaucracies
agencies and administratin
corporations
cabinet
large administrative agencies that are primariy responsible f…
governmental bodies that are headed by a single administrator…
agencies that are headed by a board of directors and have cha…
departments of government that manage specific policy areas,…
bureaucracies
large administrative agencies that are primariy responsible f…
agencies and administratin
governmental bodies that are headed by a single administrator…
18 terms
Bureaucracy
bureaucracy
government by proxy
discretionary authority
competitive service
a large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Washington pays state and local government and private groups…
the extent to which appointed Bureaucrats can choose courses…
the government offices to which people are appointed on the b…
bureaucracy
a large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
government by proxy
Washington pays state and local government and private groups…
12 terms
Bureaucracy
Pendleton Act of 1883
Social Security Act of 1939 (amended f…
Efficiency (competing demands)
Effectiveness (competing demands)
Signed in by president Chester Author, after Garfield's assas…
Any state agency that was accepting federal dollars had to im…
most results possible out of the resources available to you
degree to which you meet the goals of your organization
Pendleton Act of 1883
Signed in by president Chester Author, after Garfield's assas…
Social Security Act of 1939 (amended f…
Any state agency that was accepting federal dollars had to im…
39 terms
Bureaucracy
Administrative Procedure Act
Administrative discretion
Annual authorization
Appropriation
A law passed in 1946 requiring federal agencies to give notic…
The authority of administrative actors to select among variou…
The practice of a legislative committee determining the amoun…
Money formally set aside for a specific use; issued by the Ho…
Administrative Procedure Act
A law passed in 1946 requiring federal agencies to give notic…
Administrative discretion
The authority of administrative actors to select among variou…
19 terms
Bureaucracy
BUREAUCRACY
DEPARTMENT
INDEPENDENT AGENCY
REGULATORY COMMISSION
A large, complex organization in which employees have specifi…
The biggest unit of the executive branch, covering a broad ar…
An executive agency that is not part of a cabinet department
An agency of the executive branch of government that controls…
BUREAUCRACY
A large, complex organization in which employees have specifi…
DEPARTMENT
The biggest unit of the executive branch, covering a broad ar…
22 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
A specialized authoritative hierarchy operating on merit
System on which jobs are given for political reasons
Promotions on merit not politics
Merit based hiring and promotion
Bureaucracy
A specialized authoritative hierarchy operating on merit
Patronage
System on which jobs are given for political reasons
21 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Merit principal
Authority consisting of task specialization
System where jobs and promotions are awarded for political re…
Created a federal civil service in which hiring would be plac…
The idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams
Bureaucracy
Authority consisting of task specialization
Patronage
System where jobs and promotions are awarded for political re…
22 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton civil service act
Civil service
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to…
1883 created the first federal regulatiory commission, Office…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Patronage
granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to…
17 terms
Bureaucracy
Civil service
Congressional oversight
Discretionary authority
Iron triangle
The permanent professional branches of a government's adminis…
Refers to the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal…
The extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses…
A close relationship between an agrency, a congressional comm…
Civil service
The permanent professional branches of a government's adminis…
Congressional oversight
Refers to the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal…
28 terms
Bureaucracy
"Red Tape"
Administrative Discretion
Administrative Law
Appropriation
Complex rules and procedures required by bureaucratic agencies
Authority to select among various responses
Law that governments enact to regulate industries, businesses…
A legislative grant of money to finance a government program
"Red Tape"
Complex rules and procedures required by bureaucratic agencies
Administrative Discretion
Authority to select among various responses
35 terms
Bureaucracy
bureaucracy
spoils system
civil service reform
patronage
set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commission…
firing of public office holders of a defeated political party…
legal system by which many federal bureaucrats are selected
jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewar…
bureaucracy
set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commission…
spoils system
firing of public office holders of a defeated political party…
27 terms
Bureaucracy
#1 characteristic of the bureau
The Bureau runs on the what, meaning t…
Taking laws passed by Congress and tur…
The Bureau used to run on the
Its size
Factory Model
Implementation
Spoils System
#1 characteristic of the bureau
Its size
The Bureau runs on the what, meaning t…
Factory Model
Bureaucracy
administrative discretion
inners and outers
agency
iron triangle
Authority given by Congress to the federal bureaucracy to use…
the Inner Party members make policy, affect decisions, and go…
A relationship in which one party (the principal) authorizes…
A close relationship between an agency, a congressional commi…
administrative discretion
Authority given by Congress to the federal bureaucracy to use…
inners and outers
the Inner Party members make policy, affect decisions, and go…
10 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy purpose(5)
Constitutional basis bureaucracy(2)
Organizational structure(4)
Independent agencies(3)
1. Implementation of the law... 2. Provide expertise and special…
1. Article I, section 8... Necessary and proper clause... 2. Artic…
1. Departments ... 2. Independent agencies... 3. Independent regula…
1. Independent from larger departments ... 2. Appointed by presi…
Bureaucracy purpose(5)
1. Implementation of the law... 2. Provide expertise and special…
Constitutional basis bureaucracy(2)
1. Article I, section 8... Necessary and proper clause... 2. Artic…
39 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Bureaucrat
Department
Independent stand-alone agency
A form of organization that operates through impersonal,unifo…
A negative term for describing a career government employee
The largest organizations in the largest mission, also the hi…
A government agency that operates outside a traditional gover…
Bureaucracy
A form of organization that operates through impersonal,unifo…
Bureaucrat
A negative term for describing a career government employee
23 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucrats
shadow bureaucracy
bureaucracy
plum book
ppl employed in a government executive branch unit to impleme…
ppl hired and paid by private for-profit and nonprofit organi…
any organization with a hierarchical structure; most commonly…
A publication that lists the top jobs in the bureaucracy to w…
Bureaucrats
ppl employed in a government executive branch unit to impleme…
shadow bureaucracy
ppl hired and paid by private for-profit and nonprofit organi…
14 terms
Bureaucracy
Administration Procedure Act (1946)
Freedom of Information Act (1974)
National Environmental Policy Act (1969)
Rehabilitation Act (1973)
agencies propose and establish regulations
assures media and private citizens a legal right to governmen…
independent executive agency exists outside executive departm…
variety of provisions focused on rights, advocacy, and protec…
Administration Procedure Act (1946)
agencies propose and establish regulations
Freedom of Information Act (1974)
assures media and private citizens a legal right to governmen…
27 terms
Bureaucracy
Departments
5 largest departments
Independent Stand alone agencies
Independent regulatory commissions
largest organization, highest rank, more than 70% of all empl…
Defense, Veterans Affairs, Homeland Security, Treasury (uses…
smaller than departments, but conduct enforcement and policy…
Insulated from political control, headed by small number of c…
Departments
largest organization, highest rank, more than 70% of all empl…
5 largest departments
Defense, Veterans Affairs, Homeland Security, Treasury (uses…
31 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Implementation
Kind of Federal Organizations
Executive Office of the President
departments, agencies, commissions, bureaus, and offices that…
a governmental activity directed toward putting a program int…
Executive Office of the President, Legislative Organizations,…
Assist president's policymaking... -National Safety Council... -Of…
Bureaucracy
departments, agencies, commissions, bureaus, and offices that…
Implementation
a governmental activity directed toward putting a program int…
28 terms
Bureaucracy
"Red Tape"
Administrative discretion
Administrative law
Appropriations
unnecessary activities that make government overwhelming to c…
Congress give bureacracy the power to carry out programs
consists of those rules and procedures established by regulat…
funding authorized by Congress for federal spending
"Red Tape"
unnecessary activities that make government overwhelming to c…
Administrative discretion
Congress give bureacracy the power to carry out programs
40 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Classic Model-Max Weber
Characteristics of Bureacuracy
Federal Level Bureaucracy 3 Department…
Large organization that is structured as a hierarchy.
rationalize what the institution is doing.
Hierarchy... Specialization... Explicit rules... Merit
War/Defense... State... Treasury
Bureaucracy
Large organization that is structured as a hierarchy.
Classic Model-Max Weber
rationalize what the institution is doing.
33 terms
Bureaucracy
Job of bureacracy
Bureaucracy
3 Parts
Number of Employees
Carry out day to day functions of the government
Professional corps of unelected officials organized in a pyra…
EOP, Exec Departments, Independent Agencies
2.8 million civilian employees
Job of bureacracy
Carry out day to day functions of the government
Bureaucracy
Professional corps of unelected officials organized in a pyra…
41 terms
Bureaucracy
government contact
government
bureaucracies
discretion
through bureaucracy (USPS; IRS; DPS)
could not function without bureaucracy
are supposed to carry out rules under standard operating proc…
1. Bureaucrats use their own discretion; ex: speed limits. ... 2…
government contact
through bureaucracy (USPS; IRS; DPS)
government
could not function without bureaucracy
18 terms
Bureaucracy
the original 3 departments
departments divided into bureaus
Dilemmas of delegation
Spoils system
treasury ... foreign affairs ... war
smaller organizations with in departments
principals and agents ... congress uses control using power... pres…
old practice where party that won presidency would reward all…
the original 3 departments
treasury ... foreign affairs ... war
departments divided into bureaus
smaller organizations with in departments
15 terms
Bureaucracy
Acquisitive bureaucracies
Bureaucracies
Civil Service Reform Act (1978)
Division of Labor
organizations that are self-perpetuating and demand funding t…
large administrative agencies reflecting a hierarchical autho…
law that replaced the Civil Service Commission with the Offic…
skilled workers each have a specialized function, resulting i…
Acquisitive bureaucracies
organizations that are self-perpetuating and demand funding t…
Bureaucracies
large administrative agencies reflecting a hierarchical autho…
16 terms
Bureaucracy
Administrative Discretion
Appropriation
Approprations committee
Bureaucracy
The authority of administrators to select among various optio…
Money that congress has allocated to be spent
Congressional committee that deals with federal spending
Departments, agencies, bureaus, and commissions in the execut…
Administrative Discretion
The authority of administrators to select among various optio…
Appropriation
Money that congress has allocated to be spent
13 terms
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Spoils system
Pendleton act
Discretionary authority
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to…
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyali…
A federal law established in 1883 that stipulated that govern…
The extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses…
Patronage
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to…
Spoils system
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyali…
16 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Bureaucrats
Departments
Independent agencies
Organization where employees have specific responsibilities o…
Employees of a bureaucracy
Biggest units of the executive branch. The heads of the depar…
Executive agencies that are not part of a cabinet department
Bureaucracy
Organization where employees have specific responsibilities o…
Bureaucrats
Employees of a bureaucracy
21 terms
Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton civil service act
civil service
Everyone who works in the presidents cabinets, includes gover…
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to…
Pendleton Act The extent to which appointed bureaucrats can c…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
Everyone who works in the presidents cabinets, includes gover…
Patronage
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to…
9 terms
Bureaucracy
The Cabinet
The principle agent problem
Police Patrols
Fire Alarms
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
Agent of the relationship performs a task on behalf of the pr…
Hiring policemen to go watch the citizens to make sure they d…
Interest groups complain about how programs are administered,…
The Cabinet
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making…
The principle agent problem
Agent of the relationship performs a task on behalf of the pr…
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