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Study sets matching "business law chapter 4"

40 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4
crime
vicarious criminal liability
felony
misdemeanor
punishable offense against society
criminal intent of one (such as an employee) is used to subst…
a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a s…
a less serious crime punishable by confinement in a country o…
crime
punishable offense against society
vicarious criminal liability
criminal intent of one (such as an employee) is used to subst…
22 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Contract
Offer
Acceptance
Mirror Image Rule
any agreement enforceable by law
proposal by one party to another party to enter into a contract
unqualified willingness to go along with an offer
the terms stated in the acceptance must match the terms of th…
Contract
any agreement enforceable by law
Offer
proposal by one party to another party to enter into a contract
30 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
The taking back of an offer
A contract that has no legal effect -…
An agreement enforceable by law.
Acceptance must be ___________________…
revocation
void
contract
unconditional
The taking back of an offer
revocation
A contract that has no legal effect -…
void
16 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4
Defamation
Libel
Slander
Trade Libel
The act of harming a person's reputation
The spreading of damaging statements in written form
The spreading of damaging words or ideas about a person
An individuals title to property
Defamation
The act of harming a person's reputation
Libel
The spreading of damaging statements in written form
23 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Crime
Three Elements of Criminal Acts
Breach of Duty
You have a duty to
punishable offense against society
1. Whether you had a duty imposed by criminal stature to do o…
specific conduct of the defendant that violates the statute i…
conform your conduct to the law's requirements
Crime
punishable offense against society
Three Elements of Criminal Acts
1. Whether you had a duty imposed by criminal stature to do o…
28 terms
Business Law (Chapter 4)
Civil Litigation
Standing
Statue of Limitations
Plaintiff
is the term used to describe a dispute resolution in which th…
the legally protectible stake or interest that an individual…
a type of federal or state law that restricts the time within…
the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint with…
Civil Litigation
is the term used to describe a dispute resolution in which th…
Standing
the legally protectible stake or interest that an individual…
28 terms
Business Law Chapter 4-Tort Law
Breach of Duty
proximate cause
intentional tort
injunction
On person's failure to exercise the degree of care a reasonab…
The link between unreasonable conduct and an injury in a negl…
Wrong that occurs when a person knows and desires the consequ…
Court order issued by a judge ordering a person to do or not…
Breach of Duty
On person's failure to exercise the degree of care a reasonab…
proximate cause
The link between unreasonable conduct and an injury in a negl…
23 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Acceptance
Bilateral contract
Contract
Express contract
The offeree's manifestation of assent to the terms of the off…
One in which a promise is exchanged for another promise.
An agreement that may been enforced. A bargained-for exchange.
One in which the offer and acceptance are clearly stated in e…
Acceptance
The offeree's manifestation of assent to the terms of the off…
Bilateral contract
One in which a promise is exchanged for another promise.
20 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Bill of Rights
Checks and Balances
Commerce Clause
Compelling Government Interest
first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
the system by which ... each of the three branches of the nation…
provision in Article I, ... Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution…
a test of constitutionality that requires the government to h…
Bill of Rights
first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Checks and Balances
the system by which ... each of the three branches of the nation…
50 terms
Business Law--Chapter 4
adjudicatory hearing
answer
appellate court
arbitrator
The actual hearing of a juvenile case by the court
Formal written document from the defendant that admits/denies…
A court that reviews the decision of a trial court when a par…
Someone, other than a judge or jury, who can make a decision…
adjudicatory hearing
The actual hearing of a juvenile case by the court
answer
Formal written document from the defendant that admits/denies…
21 terms
Business Law, Chapter 4 Vocabulary
crime
vicarious criminal liability
felony
misdemeanor
a punishable offense against society
occurs when the criminal intent of the employee is used as a…
a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a s…
a less serious crime usually punishable by confinement for le…
crime
a punishable offense against society
vicarious criminal liability
occurs when the criminal intent of the employee is used as a…
19 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4
litigate
mediator
arbitrator
court
to resolve disputes in court
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
independent third party who develops a binding & enforceable…
governmental forum that administers justice under the law
litigate
to resolve disputes in court
mediator
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
14 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Contempt of Court
Crime
Defense
Felony
action that hinders the administration of justice in court
punishable offense against society
at criminal law, a legal position that allows the defendant t…
crime punishable by more than one year in jail, or fine of mo…
Contempt of Court
action that hinders the administration of justice in court
Crime
punishable offense against society
36 terms
Business Law // Chapter 4: Criminal Law and Procedure
Severity of potential punishment
Grant of immunity
Crime
Types of larceny
How is a crime classified between felony and misdemeanor
Eliminates a person's right to refuse to testify on the groun…
A punishable offense against society
Robbery, burglary, shoplifting, pick pocketing, purse snatching
Severity of potential punishment
How is a crime classified between felony and misdemeanor
Grant of immunity
Eliminates a person's right to refuse to testify on the groun…
31 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
white-collar crime
false pretenses
bribery
antitrust
Another name for business crime.
A crime where a person obtains money by lying about a past or…
A crime where money is offered to influence the performance o…
A type of law that forbids competing price fixing.
white-collar crime
Another name for business crime.
false pretenses
A crime where a person obtains money by lying about a past or…
24 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Crime
False Pretenses
Fence
Vicarious Criminal Liability
Punishable offense against society
When someone obtains money or other property by lying about p…
Someone who receives stolen property
The holding of a corporation or one of its officers criminall…
Crime
Punishable offense against society
False Pretenses
When someone obtains money or other property by lying about p…
26 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4
Crime
vicarious criminal liability
Felony
Misdemeanor
a punishable offense against society
substituted criminal liablilty
a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a s…
a less serious crime
Crime
a punishable offense against society
vicarious criminal liability
substituted criminal liablilty
51 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Tort
Tort Law
Business tort
Cyber tort
A wrongful act (other than a breach of contract) that results…
law wherein society tries to ensure that those who have suffe…
wrongful interference with another's business rights and rela…
A tort committed in cyberspace
Tort
A wrongful act (other than a breach of contract) that results…
Tort Law
law wherein society tries to ensure that those who have suffe…
19 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
federal form of government
police powers
privileges and immunities clause
sovereignty
national government and the state share sovereign power.
state regulatory powers
article IV section 2 of the constitution provides that the ci…
independence state government have the authority to regulate…
federal form of government
national government and the state share sovereign power.
police powers
state regulatory powers
22 terms
Business Law Chapter 4--Criminal Law and Procedure
Contempt of Court
Crime
Defense
Felony
An action that hinders the administration of justice.
An act that is a punishable offense against society.
Legal position taken by the accused to defeat the charges aga…
Crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in state…
Contempt of Court
An action that hinders the administration of justice.
Crime
An act that is a punishable offense against society.
13 terms
Business law chapter 4
business ethics
categorical imperative
corporate social responsibility (CSR)
Cost-benefit analysis
looks at the decisions businesses make or have to make and wh…
when a business makes unethical decisions, it often rationali…
combines a commitment to good citizenship wit ha commitment t…
which involves an assessment of the negative and positive eff…
business ethics
looks at the decisions businesses make or have to make and wh…
categorical imperative
when a business makes unethical decisions, it often rationali…
18 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Bill of Rights
checks and balances
commerce clause
due process clause
The First 10 Amendments to the Constitution
The national government is composed of three separate branche…
The provision in Article I Section 8 of the US Constitution t…
The provisions of the 5th and 14th Amendments to the Constitu…
Bill of Rights
The First 10 Amendments to the Constitution
checks and balances
The national government is composed of three separate branche…
35 terms
Business and Personal Law Chapter 4
Law of Torts Concept of Rights
Crime
tort
difference between tort and crime
• Be free from bodily harm... • Enjoy a good reputation... • Conduc…
act against
a tort does not require the government to punish the wrongdoer
Law of Torts Concept of Rights
• Be free from bodily harm... • Enjoy a good reputation... • Conduc…
Crime
act against
41 terms
Chapter 4 business law
crime
vicarious criminal liability
felony
misdemeanor
A punishable offense against society.
Occurs when the criminal intent of the employee is used as... su…
A crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a s…
A less serious crime usually punishable by confinement for le…
crime
A punishable offense against society.
vicarious criminal liability
Occurs when the criminal intent of the employee is used as... su…
20 terms
Business Law Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Bill of Rights
checks and balances
commerce clause
compelling government interest
the first ten amendments
each branch of the national government has some power of the…
the provision in the Constitution in Article 1, Section 8, th…
Constitutionality test that requires government to have compe…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments
checks and balances
each branch of the national government has some power of the…
14 terms
Business Law Chapter 4 Vocab
Crime
Vicarious Criminal Liability
Felony
Misdemeanor
punishable offense against society
substituted criminal liability
crime punishable by more than 1 year in jail, a fine of more…
crime punishable by up to 1 year in jail, a fine of less than…
Crime
punishable offense against society
Vicarious Criminal Liability
substituted criminal liability
21 terms
Business Law I Chapter 4 Vocabulary
common law
bystander
bill
veto
Judge-made law; that is, the sum total of all the decisions m…
A witness who observes an event but takes no part in it, and…
A proposed statute, submitted to Congress or a state legislat…
The power of the president to reject legislation passed by Co…
common law
Judge-made law; that is, the sum total of all the decisions m…
bystander
A witness who observes an event but takes no part in it, and…
22 terms
Business Law Chapter 4 Vocab.
Contract
Offer
Acceptance
Genuine Agreement
any agreement enforceable by law
a proposal by one party to another intended to create a legal…
the second party's unqualified willingness to go along with t…
an agreement is true and genuine; a valid offer is met by a v…
Contract
any agreement enforceable by law
Offer
a proposal by one party to another intended to create a legal…
23 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4: Constitutional Law
Federalism
Judicial Review
Supremacy Clause
Federal Preemption
A system of government in which power is divided between a ce…
The power of a dirt to review legislative and executive actio…
States that the Constitution and all laws and treaties of the…
A principle asserting the supremacy of federal legislation ov…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided between a ce…
Judicial Review
The power of a dirt to review legislative and executive actio…
37 terms
Chapter 4 Business Law
Provisions of the Fifth and Fourteenth…
Substantive Due Process
Procedural due process
A Kansas City law imposes prison terms…
. individuals and corporations.
Limits What Government may do in its legislative and executiv…
The government must give a person proper notice and an opport…
Procedural due process
Provisions of the Fifth and Fourteenth…
. individuals and corporations.
Substantive Due Process
Limits What Government may do in its legislative and executiv…
26 terms
Business Law, Chapter 4 Criminal Law
crime
vicarious criminal liability
felony
misdemeanor
a punishable offense against society
occurs when the criminal intent of the employee is used as a…
a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a s…
a less serious crime usually punishable by confinement for le…
crime
a punishable offense against society
vicarious criminal liability
occurs when the criminal intent of the employee is used as a…
40 terms
Chapter 4 Business Law
The doctrine of stare decisis, though…
While at the park, Tasha saw a small c…
The largest source of new law is court…
The majority of work done by legislati…
F
F
F
T
The doctrine of stare decisis, though…
F
While at the park, Tasha saw a small c…
F
34 terms
Business and Personal Law - Chapter 4
Contract
Offer
Acceptance
Genuine agreement
any agreement enforceable by law
a proppsal by one party to another intended to create a legal…
the second party's unqualified willingness to go along with t…
an agreement that is true and genuine: a valid offer is met b…
Contract
any agreement enforceable by law
Offer
a proppsal by one party to another intended to create a legal…
19 terms
Chapter 4 Business Law
Litigate
Court
Mediator
Arbitrator
to resolve disputes in court
governmental forum that administers justice under the law
independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding so…
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
Litigate
to resolve disputes in court
Court
governmental forum that administers justice under the law
29 terms
Business Law I Chapter 4 Other
the bystander rule
Through no fault of the railroad, a tr…
The court held that the railroad had n…
Ed Carey was a farm laborer, working f…
A bystander has no legal duty to assist someone in peril unle…
What were the facts that led to the case of Union Pacific Rai…
What was the holding of the highest court reported in the tex…
What were the facts that led to the case of Carey v. Davis?
the bystander rule
A bystander has no legal duty to assist someone in peril unle…
Through no fault of the railroad, a tr…
What were the facts that led to the case of Union Pacific Rai…
43 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Federal System
The Constitution
Judicial, Executive, Legislative, and…
Licensing of businesses
In what system does national government have power to address…
What created a federal system with a tripartite?
What are the four branches of the Federal System?
What is an example of other powers of the state or Constituti…
Federal System
In what system does national government have power to address…
The Constitution
What created a federal system with a tripartite?
15 terms
Law For Business And Personal Use - Chapter 4
Crime
Vicarious Criminal Liability
Felony
Misdemeanor
Punishable offense against society
Substituted criminal liability
Crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in state…
A less serious crime
Crime
Punishable offense against society
Vicarious Criminal Liability
Substituted criminal liability
23 terms
Business Law- Chapter 4: Constitutional Law
Federalism
Judicial Review
Supremacy Clause
Federal Preemption
A system of government in which power is divided between a ce…
The power of a dirt to review legislative and executive actio…
States that the Constitution and all laws and treaties of the…
A principle asserting the supremacy of federal legislation ov…
Federalism
A system of government in which power is divided between a ce…
Judicial Review
The power of a dirt to review legislative and executive actio…
25 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4
crime
vicarious criminal liability
felony
misdemeanor
punishable offense against society
criminal intent of one (such as an employee) is used to subst…
a crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a s…
a less serious crime punishable by confinement in a country o…
crime
punishable offense against society
vicarious criminal liability
criminal intent of one (such as an employee) is used to subst…
29 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
UPS five-step dispute resolution program
Why a business would prefer ADR rather…
Courts also support ADR because
the resolution of legal disputes through methods other than l…
1. Open Door: employees are encouraged to bring their problem…
ADR methods are generally faster and cheaper than litigation…
it alleviates some of the pressure on the overwhelming court…
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
the resolution of legal disputes through methods other than l…
UPS five-step dispute resolution program
1. Open Door: employees are encouraged to bring their problem…
42 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Tort
Cyber Tort
Damages
Compensatory Damages
A wrongful act (other than a breach of contract) that results…
A tort committed in cyberspace.
A monetary award sought as a remedy for a breach of contract…
A monetary award equivalent to the actual value of injuries o…
Tort
A wrongful act (other than a breach of contract) that results…
Cyber Tort
A tort committed in cyberspace.
24 terms
Chapter 4 Business Law
1- right to be free from bodily harm,…
Tort
Tortfeasor
Intentional Tort
What are your entitled rights?
One person's interference with anothers rights, either throug…
person would commits a tort
wrong that occurs when a person know's and desires the conseq…
1- right to be free from bodily harm,…
What are your entitled rights?
Tort
One person's interference with anothers rights, either throug…
23 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
Federal form of government
Sovereignty
Police Powers
Privileges and immunities clause
A system of government in which the states form a union and t…
The quality of having independent authority over a geographic…
Powers possessed by state as part of their inherent sovereign…
Article IV, Section 2, of the Constitution requires states no…
Federal form of government
A system of government in which the states form a union and t…
Sovereignty
The quality of having independent authority over a geographic…
21 terms
Business Law - Chapter 4
Crime
Misdemeanor
Defense
Probable cause
Punishable offense against society
Crime punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for…
a legal position that allows the defendant to escape criminal…
A reasonable ground for belief
Crime
Punishable offense against society
Misdemeanor
Crime punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for…
35 terms
Business Law: Chapter 4
Separation of Powers
Legislative Branch
Checks and Balances
Judicial Review
embraced in the Constitution through the creation of the thre…
composed of the Senate and House of Representatives
under the constitution, this is the process by which each bra…
empowers the federal courts with the ability to review action…
Separation of Powers
embraced in the Constitution through the creation of the thre…
Legislative Branch
composed of the Senate and House of Representatives
71 terms
Chapter 4 Business Law
crime
crime
society
duty
A punishable offense against society
A breach of the peace that is essential to society so that it…
When a crime is commited against a person, it is also conside…
First element of a criminal act
crime
A punishable offense against society
crime
A breach of the peace that is essential to society so that it…
46 terms
Business Law Chapter 4
affidavits
answer
appellant
appellee
a sworn written statement made before an officer authorized b…
the responsive pleading filed by a defendant
the party seeking review of a lower court decision
the party responding to an appeal; the winner in the trial co…
affidavits
a sworn written statement made before an officer authorized b…
answer
the responsive pleading filed by a defendant
11 terms
Business Law: Chapter 4
crime
vicarious criminal liability
felony
misdemeanor
punishable offense against society
substituted criminal liability
crime punishable by more than one year in jail, a fine of mor…
crime punishable by up to one year in jail, a fine of less th…
crime
punishable offense against society
vicarious criminal liability
substituted criminal liability
Business Law Chapter 4
Bill of Rights
Checks and balances
Commerce clause
Compelling government interest
The first ten amendments of the constitution
The system by which each of the three branches of the nationa…
The provision in Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constituti…
A test of constitutionality that requires the government to h…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the constitution
Checks and balances
The system by which each of the three branches of the nationa…
Business Law Chapter 4
Federal Powers
State Powers
Privileges & Immunities Clause
Full Faith & Credit Clause
powers of national government (enumerated)
(aka police powers) speed limits, drinking / voting age, buil…
prevents state from imposing unreasonable burdens to citizens…
civil matters, rights given in deed, wills, contracts, proper…
Federal Powers
powers of national government (enumerated)
State Powers
(aka police powers) speed limits, drinking / voting age, buil…
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