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Study sets matching "calvin cycle"

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Study sets matching "calvin cycle"

8 terms
Calvin Cycle
dark reaction
carbon fixation reaction
ATP and NADPH
Calvin cycle no longer involves captur…
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Produced during light reactions, they are needed for energy t…
light
dark reaction
Calvin cycle
carbon fixation reaction
Calvin cycle
21 terms
Calvin Cycle
dark reaction
carbon fixation reaction
ATP and NADPH
most ___ are ___ at night, making LOW…
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Produced during light reactions, they are needed for energy t…
stomates, closed.
dark reaction
Calvin cycle
carbon fixation reaction
Calvin cycle
108 terms
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
69 terms
Calvin Cycle
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
What are the three stages?
What is another name for rubisco?
CO2
NADPH
1. Fixation ... 2. Reduction ... 3. Regeneration
1,5-ribulose- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
NADPH
13 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin cycle picture
Calvin Cycle Net Reaction
Major players of Calvin Cycle
Step 1: Carboxylation of ribulose 1,5-…
3 CO₂ + 9 ATP + 6 NADPH + 5 H₂O → G3P + 9 ADP + 8 Pi + 6 NADP…
Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (3)... 3-Phosphoglycerate (6)... 1,3-Bisp…
Calvin cycle picture
Calvin Cycle Net Reaction
3 CO₂ + 9 ATP + 6 NADPH + 5 H₂O → G3P + 9 ADP + 8 Pi + 6 NADP…
108 terms
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
8 terms
Calvin cycle
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Main goal
Carbon fixation
Reduction
Regeneration
Glucose
Phase 1
Carbon fixation
Phase 2
Reduction
17 terms
calvin cycle
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
sugar is made during
oxygen gas is used during
co2, pgal, sugar
light reaction
calvin cycle
neither
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
co2, pgal, sugar
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
light reaction
108 terms
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
26 terms
Calvin Cycle
3 CO2
Carbon and Rubisco
Carbon Fixation
6 PGA (3-phosphoglycerate or 3GP)
what is inputted into the Calvin Cycle?
what two molecules undergo carbon fixation?
the process which uses Rubisco to convert inorganic carbon in…
what is carbon made into after carbon fixation?
3 CO2
what is inputted into the Calvin Cycle?
Carbon and Rubisco
what two molecules undergo carbon fixation?
108 terms
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
39 terms
Calvin Cycle
Plant/ pathway that loses least water
3 pathways of carbon fixation
Plant/ pathway that loses most water
Plant/ Pathway that loses half as much…
CAM
C3, C4, CAM
C3
C4
Plant/ pathway that loses least water
CAM
3 pathways of carbon fixation
C3, C4, CAM
11 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin cycle
3 phases of calvin cycle
RuBP
Calvin cycle diagram
-Also called C3 pathway... -Series of reactions that is cyclic,…
-Carbon fixation: carbon changed from inorganic CO2 to organi…
-Ribulose bisphosphate... -The starting and ending compound in c…
*memorize diagram in notes
Calvin cycle
-Also called C3 pathway... -Series of reactions that is cyclic,…
3 phases of calvin cycle
-Carbon fixation: carbon changed from inorganic CO2 to organi…
26 terms
Calvin Cycle
Rubisco
Rubisco
RuBP
Rubisco
RuBP
carboxylase/oxygenase
5 C sugar
Enzyme
Rubisco
RuBP
Rubisco
carboxylase/oxygenase
45 terms
Calvin cycle
8.1 Photosynthesis uses light to make…
chloroplast:
chlorophyll:
.... •stroma
-Within a leaf, the chloroplasts are concentrated in the cell…
organelle found in some plant cells and certain unicellular o…
pigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light…
pores found on surface of the leaf
8.1 Photosynthesis uses light to make…
-Within a leaf, the chloroplasts are concentrated in the cell…
chloroplast:
organelle found in some plant cells and certain unicellular o…
12 terms
Calvin Cycle
Light independent reactions
Sugar
ATP and NADPH
Light, water, and temperature
Calvin cycle
stable and can store energy for a long time
unstable and cannot store energy for a long time
what affects photosynthesis
Light independent reactions
Calvin cycle
Sugar
stable and can store energy for a long time
28 terms
Calvin Cycle
Stroma
Calvin cycle
calvin cycle
calvin cycle
where does the calvin cycle take place?
takes place in the stroma
The _________ is a series of enzyme controlled reactions in w…
The __________ is a series of enzyme controlled reactions in…
Stroma
where does the calvin cycle take place?
Calvin cycle
takes place in the stroma
22 terms
Calvin Cycle
What do the light reactions produce
What does the Calvin cycle do
Are PS1 and PS2 separated? why?
What PS does cyclic electron flow use
Oxygen, ATP, NADPH, H+
Uses NADH (reducing power) & ATP (energy source) to fix CO2 f…
PS2 in the grana, PS1 in the stroma lamelae. Theory So cyclic…
PS1
What do the light reactions produce
Oxygen, ATP, NADPH, H+
What does the Calvin cycle do
Uses NADH (reducing power) & ATP (energy source) to fix CO2 f…
15 terms
Calvin Cycle
When is the calvin cycle used? (aka ca…
What is the purpose of calvin cycle?
Which two things from the light reacti…
Where does it take place?
When:... sugar production is low... low water... high oxygen
To produce sugar
NADPH and ATP
In the stroma
When is the calvin cycle used? (aka ca…
When:... sugar production is low... low water... high oxygen
What is the purpose of calvin cycle?
To produce sugar
9 terms
Calvin Cycle
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
Where does the Calvin Cycle occur?
What happens in the first stage of the…
-Dark reaction
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
-Stroma of the Chloroplast
-Rubisco (made from C02 binding with RUBP) binds with C02
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
-Dark reaction
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
7 terms
the calvin cycle
the calvin cycle
step 1 (top of circle)
carbon fixation
step 2
uses ATP and NADPH from light dependent reactions to produce…
6CO2 enters from the atmosphere and combines with 6 5C throug…
transforming carbon gas to a solid form
ATP and NADPH are used to convert/energize 12 3C into higher…
the calvin cycle
uses ATP and NADPH from light dependent reactions to produce…
step 1 (top of circle)
6CO2 enters from the atmosphere and combines with 6 5C throug…
69 terms
Calvin Cycle
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
What are the three stages?
What is another name for rubisco?
CO2
NADPH
1. Fixation ... 2. Reduction ... 3. Regeneration
1,5-ribulose- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
NADPH
Calvin Cycle
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
Where does the Calvin Cycle occur?
What happens in the first stage of the…
Light Independant reaction
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
-Stroma of the Chloroplast
-Rubisco (made from C02 binding with RUBP) binds with C02
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
Light Independant reaction
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
48 terms
Calvin Cycle
where does calvin cycle occur
3 stages of the calvin cycle
how many CO2 are fixed per cycle?
fixation overview
in the stroma of chloroplasts
fixation, reduction, regeneration
1
CO2 + ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate --> 2 3-phosphoglycerate
where does calvin cycle occur
in the stroma of chloroplasts
3 stages of the calvin cycle
fixation, reduction, regeneration
44 terms
Calvin Cycle
calvin cycle
stroma
3-C sugar, glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate…
3; 3 ; CO2 ; G3P
dark reactions or light independent reactions
where is calvin cycle take place?
products of light reactions in calvin cycle go to
in calvin cycle must cycle ____ times to fix ___ separate mol…
calvin cycle
dark reactions or light independent reactions
stroma
where is calvin cycle take place?
8 terms
The Calvin Cycle
Step 1: Carbon Fixation
Step 2: Reduction
Step 3: Release of one molecule of G3P
Step 4: Regeneration of RuBP
The enzyme rubisco combines CO2 with 5-carbon sugar rubulose…
Energy from 6 molecules of ATP is used to oxidize NADPH to NA…
Five of the previously created G3Ps remain in the cycle, but…
A series of chemical reactions uses energy from ATP to rearra…
Step 1: Carbon Fixation
The enzyme rubisco combines CO2 with 5-carbon sugar rubulose…
Step 2: Reduction
Energy from 6 molecules of ATP is used to oxidize NADPH to NA…
The Calvin Cycle
What is needed from the light dependen…
What does the calvin cycle make?
What is G3P?
What are the steps of the calvin cycle?
NADPH and ATP
directly makes G3P; combining 2 G3P makes glucose; carbon to…
a 3 carbon sugar
CO2 and RUBP are attached due to rubisco; 6 carbon product is…
What is needed from the light dependen…
NADPH and ATP
What does the calvin cycle make?
directly makes G3P; combining 2 G3P makes glucose; carbon to…
16 terms
The Calvin Cycle
6 3PG acid (3C)
6 1, 3-BPG acid (3C)
6 3-PG aldehyde (3C)
3-PG aldehyde (3C)
the enzyme rubisco adds 3 CO₂ one by one to each of three RuB…
each 3PG acid molecule gets one PO₄ group from an ATP becoming
each 1, 3-BPG acid gains 2 electrons (is reduced) from an NAD…
One molecule of ___________ exits the cycle to be used by the…
6 3PG acid (3C)
the enzyme rubisco adds 3 CO₂ one by one to each of three RuB…
6 1, 3-BPG acid (3C)
each 3PG acid molecule gets one PO₄ group from an ATP becoming
12 terms
Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle
The Calvin Cycle
CO₂
Rubisco
Phase 1: Carbon Fixation
q
a
b
r
The Calvin Cycle
q
CO₂
a
11 terms
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Carbon fixation
RuBP
PGA
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
The initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
The 5-carbon molecule that accepts CO2 at the beginning of th…
phosphoglycerate; a three-carbon molecule formed in the first…
Calvin cycle
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
Carbon fixation
The initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
15 terms
Calvin Cycle
CO2, NADPH, and ATP are run through th…
CO2
NADPH
ATP
To make a full glucose, must go around twice
Source of C and O
Source of H
Source of energy
CO2, NADPH, and ATP are run through th…
To make a full glucose, must go around twice
CO2
Source of C and O
7 terms
Calvin Cycle
Step 1 (Carbon Fixation)
Step 2 (Carbon Fixation)
Step 3 (Reduction)
Step 4 (Reduction)
Rubisco catalyzes attachment of CO2 to RuBP (3 Co2 molecules…
This makes a 6-carbon molecule that is unstable and splits in…
Each molecule of 3-PGA receives a phosphate group from ATP, f…
1,3-bisphosphate molecules are reduced. Each molecule receive…
Step 1 (Carbon Fixation)
Rubisco catalyzes attachment of CO2 to RuBP (3 Co2 molecules…
Step 2 (Carbon Fixation)
This makes a 6-carbon molecule that is unstable and splits in…
13 terms
Calvin Cycle
Fixation of CO2 to produce sugars
Stops metabolism of intermediates and…
5C ribulose bisphosphate is carboxylat…
3-phosphoglycerate is converted to 1,3…
What is the overall step of photosynthesis occurring in the c…
What is the benefit of confining the calvin cycle to the stro…
What happens during the CO2 fixation step of the cycle?
What happens during the reduction stage of the cycle?
Fixation of CO2 to produce sugars
What is the overall step of photosynthesis occurring in the c…
Stops metabolism of intermediates and…
What is the benefit of confining the calvin cycle to the stro…
9 terms
Calvin cycle
Atp and nadph
Carbon fixation
RuBP
RuBP
What does the calvin cycle use that is formed in the light re…
Calvin cycle begins with this. It is the binding of carbon fr…
Carbon is bound to this .
Catalyze by the enzyme rubisco
Atp and nadph
What does the calvin cycle use that is formed in the light re…
Carbon fixation
Calvin cycle begins with this. It is the binding of carbon fr…
Calvin Cycle
CO2 enters the cycle
C is broken off of carbon dioxide and…
one 6-C molecule splits into two 3-C m…
6 ATP oxidized
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
CO2 enters the cycle
1st
C is broken off of carbon dioxide and…
2nd
Calvin cycle
First
Second
Third
Fourth
6-5c
6co2
6-6c (intermediate)
12 (PGA) 3C
First
6-5c
Second
6co2
11 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin Cycle
Carbon Fixation
RuBP
PGA
biochemical pathway that produces organic compounds using the…
process by which carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded (fixed) int…
a five-carbon carbohydrate, combines with CO2 from the cytoso…
a pair of three carbon molecules, from a split six-carbon mol…
Calvin Cycle
biochemical pathway that produces organic compounds using the…
Carbon Fixation
process by which carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded (fixed) int…
9 terms
calvin cycle
adds co2 to organic compound
energy is stored in sugars
sugars are made
3c sugar is converted to 5c
step 1
step2
step 3
step 4
adds co2 to organic compound
step 1
energy is stored in sugars
step2
14 terms
Calvin Cycle
calvin cycle
location
reactants
products
biochemical redox reactions that take place in the stroma of…
stroma
- NADPH... -ATP... - CO2
- NADP+... - ADP + Pi... - sugars
calvin cycle
biochemical redox reactions that take place in the stroma of…
location
stroma
11 terms
Calvin cycle
Calvin Cycle
Carbon Fixation
RuBP
PGA
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
The initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
Carbon fixation involves the addition of carbon dioxide to __…
phosphoglycerate; a three-carbon molecule formed in the first…
Calvin Cycle
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
Carbon Fixation
The initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
31 terms
Calvin cycle
fixation
3 rubp
fixation
3 rubp
11 terms
calvin cycle
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
sugar is made during
oxygen gas is used during
co2, pgal, glucose, starch
light reaction
calvin cycle
neither
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
co2, pgal, glucose, starch
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
light reaction
16 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin cycle
Ribulose 1, 5 biphosphate
Sucrose
Starch
reaction resulting in the reduction of carbon. Occurs in the…
RuBP. Starting and ending 5-C sugar in Calvin cycle
major transport sugar in plants
major storage polysaccharide in plants
Calvin cycle
reaction resulting in the reduction of carbon. Occurs in the…
Ribulose 1, 5 biphosphate
RuBP. Starting and ending 5-C sugar in Calvin cycle
11 terms
Calvin Cycle
To produce glucose
stroma
ATP and NADPH
This forms one unstable 6-sugar which…
What is the purpose of the calvin cycle?
Where does this cycle occur?
What chemical reactions are required to have this cycle to oc…
When the enzyme rubisco combines to 1 molecule of 5C-RUBP to…
To produce glucose
What is the purpose of the calvin cycle?
stroma
Where does this cycle occur?
Calvin Cycle
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
step 4
carbon dioxide diffuses into the stoma... CO2 binds with RuBP ... R…
3 PGA ... receives phosphate from ATP ... recieves proton fro NADPH…
G3P... leaves calvin cycle ... used to make organic compounds
remaining G3P ... converted back into RuBP
Step 1
carbon dioxide diffuses into the stoma... CO2 binds with RuBP ... R…
Step 2
3 PGA ... receives phosphate from ATP ... recieves proton fro NADPH…
Calvin cycle
Occurs in
Molecules required per CO2
Rubisco
Number of CO2 fixed for every triose p…
Chloroplast stroma
2NADPH and 3ATP
Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase... Catalysed reacti…
3
Occurs in
Chloroplast stroma
Molecules required per CO2
2NADPH and 3ATP
11 terms
Calvin Cycle
calvin cycle
carbon fixation
RuBP
PGA
the process in which carbon dioxide, ATP, and NADPH are turne…
The incorporation of carbon from carbon dioxide into an organ…
ribulose biphosphate; a five-carbon carbohydrate that combine…
phosphoglycerate; a three-carbon molecule formed in the first…
calvin cycle
the process in which carbon dioxide, ATP, and NADPH are turne…
carbon fixation
The incorporation of carbon from carbon dioxide into an organ…
11 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin Cycle
Carbon Fixation
RuBP
PGA
Biochemical pathway that produces organic compounds using the…
Process by which carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded (fixed) int…
Five carbon carbohydrate.
Three carbon molecules
Calvin Cycle
Biochemical pathway that produces organic compounds using the…
Carbon Fixation
Process by which carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded (fixed) int…
25 terms
Calvin Cycle
light reactions
carbon fixation
3, stroma
CO2
energy stored as ATP and NADPH during the ____ is used to mak…
enzyme assisted chemical reaction that utilizes the carbon fo…
The Calvin Cycle requires __ CO2 molecules to operate and tak…
In Step 1, __ diffuses into the stroma of the chloroplasts.
light reactions
energy stored as ATP and NADPH during the ____ is used to mak…
carbon fixation
enzyme assisted chemical reaction that utilizes the carbon fo…
15 terms
Calvin Cycle
Reactants
Products
CO2 Fixation
ATP and NADPH
Carbon dioxide, RuBP, ATP, NADPH
RuBP, PGAL
When Carbon Dioxide combines with a 5 carbon sugar- RuBP
The ATP and NADPH from the light reactions convert PGA into P…
Reactants
Carbon dioxide, RuBP, ATP, NADPH
Products
RuBP, PGAL
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