Study sets matching "calvin cycle"

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Study sets matching "calvin cycle"

8 terms
Calvin Cycle
dark reaction
carbon fixation reaction
ATP and NADPH
Calvin cycle no longer involves captur…
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Produced during light reactions, they are needed for energy t…
light
dark reaction
Calvin cycle
carbon fixation reaction
Calvin cycle
5 terms
Calvin Cycle
Light Reaction
Calvin Cycle
C3 Plants
C4 Plants
the first step in the photosynthesis process in which water i…
also known as the "dark reaction," this is the second step in…
plants that grow where water is plentiful, which are able to…
plants that grow in more arid conditions (such as the prairie…
Light Reaction
the first step in the photosynthesis process in which water i…
Calvin Cycle
also known as the "dark reaction," this is the second step in…
21 terms
Calvin Cycle
dark reaction
carbon fixation reaction
ATP and NADPH
most ___ are ___ at night, making LOW…
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Produced during light reactions, they are needed for energy t…
stomates, closed.
dark reaction
Calvin cycle
carbon fixation reaction
Calvin cycle
13 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin cycle picture
Calvin Cycle Net Reaction
Major players of Calvin Cycle
Step 1: Carboxylation of ribulose 1,5-…
3 CO₂ + 9 ATP + 6 NADPH + 5 H₂O → G3P + 9 ADP + 8 Pi + 6 NADP…
Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (3)... 3-Phosphoglycerate (6)... 1,3-Bisp…
Calvin cycle picture
Calvin Cycle Net Reaction
3 CO₂ + 9 ATP + 6 NADPH + 5 H₂O → G3P + 9 ADP + 8 Pi + 6 NADP…
108 terms
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
69 terms
Calvin Cycle
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
What are the three stages?
What is another name for rubisco?
CO2
NADPH
1. Fixation ... 2. Reduction ... 3. Regeneration
1,5-ribulose- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
NADPH
8 terms
Calvin Cycle
dark reaction
carbon fixation reaction
ATP and NADPH
Calvin cycle no longer involves captur…
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Produced during light reactions, they are needed for energy t…
light
dark reaction
Calvin cycle
carbon fixation reaction
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Main goal
Carbon fixation
Reduction
Regeneration
Glucose
Phase 1
Carbon fixation
Phase 2
Reduction
17 terms
calvin cycle
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
sugar is made during
oxygen gas is used during
co2, pgal, sugar
light reaction
calvin cycle
neither
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
co2, pgal, sugar
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
light reaction
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
Calvin Cycle
Calvin Cycle
RuBP
PGAL
G3P
1. RuBP+ CO₂=6-carbon molecule (NOT STABLE) →PGA... → 3-carbon P…
A stable 5 carbon molecule needed for the Calvin cycle
Formed from PGA... With ATP and NADPH can form G3P
A simple 3 carbon sugar that is formed by ATP, NADPH, and PGA…
Calvin Cycle
1. RuBP+ CO₂=6-carbon molecule (NOT STABLE) →PGA... → 3-carbon P…
RuBP
A stable 5 carbon molecule needed for the Calvin cycle
5 terms
calvin cycle
carbon fixation
reduction of the 3-carbon intermediate
products of calvin cycle
C3 plants
CO2 enters cell through leaf pores, it binds to RUBP with hel…
e- are added to carbon molecules as NADPH is oxidized to NADP…
G3P sugar
most plants, direct CO2 fixation, enzyme- rubisco, loses H2O…
carbon fixation
CO2 enters cell through leaf pores, it binds to RUBP with hel…
reduction of the 3-carbon intermediate
e- are added to carbon molecules as NADPH is oxidized to NADP…
Calvin Cycle
Plant/ pathway that loses least water
3 pathways of carbon fixation
Plant/ pathway that loses most water
Plant/ Pathway that loses half as much…
CAM
C3, C4, CAM
C3
C4
Plant/ pathway that loses least water
CAM
3 pathways of carbon fixation
C3, C4, CAM
108 terms
Calvin Cycle
Melvin Clavin
dark reactions
Light
-photosynthesis... - sugars
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
What do the calvin reaction not depend on?
The cycle uses the energy produced by ____________ to synthes…
Melvin Clavin
Who discovered Calvin Cycle?
dark reactions
The reactions of this cycle are called the ___________ becaus…
26 terms
Calvin Cycle
Rubisco
Rubisco
RuBP
Rubisco
RuBP
carboxylase/oxygenase
5 C sugar
Enzyme
Rubisco
RuBP
Rubisco
carboxylase/oxygenase
11 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin cycle
3 phases of calvin cycle
RuBP
Calvin cycle diagram
-Also called C3 pathway... -Series of reactions that is cyclic,…
-Carbon fixation: carbon changed from inorganic CO2 to organi…
-Ribulose bisphosphate... -The starting and ending compound in c…
*memorize diagram in notes
Calvin cycle
-Also called C3 pathway... -Series of reactions that is cyclic,…
3 phases of calvin cycle
-Carbon fixation: carbon changed from inorganic CO2 to organi…
45 terms
Calvin cycle
8.1 Photosynthesis uses light to make…
chloroplast:
chlorophyll:
.... •stroma
-Within a leaf, the chloroplasts are concentrated in the cell…
organelle found in some plant cells and certain unicellular o…
pigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light…
pores found on surface of the leaf
8.1 Photosynthesis uses light to make…
-Within a leaf, the chloroplasts are concentrated in the cell…
chloroplast:
organelle found in some plant cells and certain unicellular o…
28 terms
Calvin Cycle
Stroma
Calvin cycle
calvin cycle
calvin cycle
where does the calvin cycle take place?
takes place in the stroma
The _________ is a series of enzyme controlled reactions in w…
The __________ is a series of enzyme controlled reactions in…
Stroma
where does the calvin cycle take place?
Calvin cycle
takes place in the stroma
12 terms
Calvin Cycle
Light independent reactions
Sugar
ATP and NADPH
Light, water, and temperature
Calvin cycle
stable and can store energy for a long time
unstable and cannot store energy for a long time
what affects photosynthesis
Light independent reactions
Calvin cycle
Sugar
stable and can store energy for a long time
10 terms
Calvin Cycle
PGA
NADPH
RuBP
ADP
Formed by splitting the 6 carbon moelcule
Reactant of reaction - carriers high energy electron; used to…
Fuses with a carbon from carbon dioxide; restarts the reaction
Product of reaction - lower energy state; sent back to light…
PGA
Formed by splitting the 6 carbon moelcule
NADPH
Reactant of reaction - carriers high energy electron; used to…
15 terms
Calvin Cycle
When is the calvin cycle used? (aka ca…
What is the purpose of calvin cycle?
Which two things from the light reacti…
Where does it take place?
When:... sugar production is low... low water... high oxygen
To produce sugar
NADPH and ATP
In the stroma
When is the calvin cycle used? (aka ca…
When:... sugar production is low... low water... high oxygen
What is the purpose of calvin cycle?
To produce sugar
26 terms
Calvin Cycle
3 CO2
Carbon and Rubisco
Carbon Fixation
6 PGA (3-phosphoglycerate or 3GP)
what is inputted into the Calvin Cycle?
what two molecules undergo carbon fixation?
the process which uses Rubisco to convert inorganic carbon in…
what is carbon made into after carbon fixation?
3 CO2
what is inputted into the Calvin Cycle?
Carbon and Rubisco
what two molecules undergo carbon fixation?
9 terms
Calvin Cycle
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
Where does the Calvin Cycle occur?
What happens in the first stage of the…
-Dark reaction
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
-Stroma of the Chloroplast
-Rubisco (made from C02 binding with RUBP) binds with C02
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
-Dark reaction
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
9 terms
Calvin Cycle
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
step 4
carbon dioxide diffuses into the stoma... CO2 binds with RuBP ... R…
3 PGA ... receives phosphate from ATP ... recieves proton fro NADPH…
G3P... leaves calvin cycle ... used to make organic compounds
remaining G3P ... converted back into RuBP
Step 1
carbon dioxide diffuses into the stoma... CO2 binds with RuBP ... R…
Step 2
3 PGA ... receives phosphate from ATP ... recieves proton fro NADPH…
the calvin cycle
the calvin cycle
step 1 (top of circle)
carbon fixation
step 2
uses ATP and NADPH from light dependent reactions to produce…
6CO2 enters from the atmosphere and combines with 6 5C throug…
transforming carbon gas to a solid form
ATP and NADPH are used to convert/energize 12 3C into higher…
the calvin cycle
uses ATP and NADPH from light dependent reactions to produce…
step 1 (top of circle)
6CO2 enters from the atmosphere and combines with 6 5C throug…
8 terms
The Calvin Cycle
Step 1: Carbon Fixation
Step 2: Reduction
Step 3: Release of one molecule of G3P
Step 4: Regeneration of RuBP
The enzyme rubisco combines CO2 with 5-carbon sugar rubulose…
Energy from 6 molecules of ATP is used to oxidize NADPH to NA…
Five of the previously created G3Ps remain in the cycle, but…
A series of chemical reactions uses energy from ATP to rearra…
Step 1: Carbon Fixation
The enzyme rubisco combines CO2 with 5-carbon sugar rubulose…
Step 2: Reduction
Energy from 6 molecules of ATP is used to oxidize NADPH to NA…
22 terms
Calvin Cycle
What do the light reactions produce
What does the Calvin cycle do
Are PS1 and PS2 separated? why?
What PS does cyclic electron flow use
Oxygen, ATP, NADPH, H+
Uses NADH (reducing power) & ATP (energy source) to fix CO2 f…
PS2 in the grana, PS1 in the stroma lamelae. Theory So cyclic…
PS1
What do the light reactions produce
Oxygen, ATP, NADPH, H+
What does the Calvin cycle do
Uses NADH (reducing power) & ATP (energy source) to fix CO2 f…
Calvin Cycle
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
What are the three stages?
What is another name for rubisco?
CO2
NADPH
1. Fixation ... 2. Reduction ... 3. Regeneration
1,5-ribulose- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase
______ is reduced using the reducing p…
CO2
CO2 is reduced using the reducing pote…
NADPH
Calvin Cycle
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
Where does the Calvin Cycle occur?
What happens in the first stage of the…
Light Independant reaction
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
-Stroma of the Chloroplast
-Rubisco (made from C02 binding with RUBP) binds with C02
What is the Calvin Cycle also called?
Light Independant reaction
What are the 4 stages of the Calvin Cy…
1. C02 Fixation... 2. Energizing Sugar... 3. Exit of product... 4. Reg…
48 terms
Calvin Cycle
where does calvin cycle occur
3 stages of the calvin cycle
how many CO2 are fixed per cycle?
fixation overview
in the stroma of chloroplasts
fixation, reduction, regeneration
1
CO2 + ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate --> 2 3-phosphoglycerate
where does calvin cycle occur
in the stroma of chloroplasts
3 stages of the calvin cycle
fixation, reduction, regeneration
44 terms
Calvin Cycle
calvin cycle
stroma
3-C sugar, glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate…
3; 3 ; CO2 ; G3P
dark reactions or light independent reactions
where is calvin cycle take place?
products of light reactions in calvin cycle go to
in calvin cycle must cycle ____ times to fix ___ separate mol…
calvin cycle
dark reactions or light independent reactions
stroma
where is calvin cycle take place?
8 terms
The Calvin Cycle
Step 1: Carbon Fixation
Step 2: Reduction
Step 3: Release of one molecule of G3P
Step 4: Regeneration of RuBP
The enzyme rubisco combines CO2 with 5-carbon sugar rubulose…
Energy from 6 molecules of ATP is used to oxidize NADPH to NA…
Five of the previously created G3Ps remain in the cycle, but…
A series of chemical reactions uses energy from ATP to rearra…
Step 1: Carbon Fixation
The enzyme rubisco combines CO2 with 5-carbon sugar rubulose…
Step 2: Reduction
Energy from 6 molecules of ATP is used to oxidize NADPH to NA…
The Calvin Cycle
What is needed from the light dependen…
What does the calvin cycle make?
What is G3P?
What are the steps of the calvin cycle?
NADPH and ATP
directly makes G3P; combining 2 G3P makes glucose; carbon to…
a 3 carbon sugar
CO2 and RUBP are attached due to rubisco; 6 carbon product is…
What is needed from the light dependen…
NADPH and ATP
What does the calvin cycle make?
directly makes G3P; combining 2 G3P makes glucose; carbon to…
16 terms
The Calvin Cycle
6 3PG acid (3C)
6 1, 3-BPG acid (3C)
6 3-PG aldehyde (3C)
3-PG aldehyde (3C)
the enzyme rubisco adds 3 CO₂ one by one to each of three RuB…
each 3PG acid molecule gets one PO₄ group from an ATP becoming
each 1, 3-BPG acid gains 2 electrons (is reduced) from an NAD…
One molecule of ___________ exits the cycle to be used by the…
6 3PG acid (3C)
the enzyme rubisco adds 3 CO₂ one by one to each of three RuB…
6 1, 3-BPG acid (3C)
each 3PG acid molecule gets one PO₄ group from an ATP becoming
12 terms
Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle
The Calvin Cycle
CO₂
Rubisco
Phase 1: Carbon Fixation
q
a
b
r
The Calvin Cycle
q
CO₂
a
Calvin Cycle
Photosynthesis Reactants
Photosynthesis Products
6CO₂ + 6H₂O + light
RuBP
6H₂O Photon 6CO₂
6O₂ C₆H₁₂O₆
C₆H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂
Ribulose -1,5- biphosphate, 5 carbons
Photosynthesis Reactants
6H₂O Photon 6CO₂
Photosynthesis Products
6O₂ C₆H₁₂O₆
8 terms
Calvin Cycle
calvin cycle
produces
puts in
Carbon fixation
fixes CO2, take chemically unreactive inorganic CO2 and incor…
1 glucose, 18 ADP, 12 NADP+
6CO2, 18 ATP, 12 NADPH
6CO2 combine with RuBP to produce 12 PGA.
calvin cycle
fixes CO2, take chemically unreactive inorganic CO2 and incor…
produces
1 glucose, 18 ADP, 12 NADP+
9 terms
Calvin cycle
Atp and nadph
Carbon fixation
RuBP
RuBP
What does the calvin cycle use that is formed in the light re…
Calvin cycle begins with this. It is the binding of carbon fr…
Carbon is bound to this .
Catalyze by the enzyme rubisco
Atp and nadph
What does the calvin cycle use that is formed in the light re…
Carbon fixation
Calvin cycle begins with this. It is the binding of carbon fr…
Calvin Cycle
Calvin Cycle
Carbon Fixation
RuBP
PGA
biochemical pathway that produces organic compounds using the…
process by which carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded (fixed) int…
a five-carbon carbohydrate, combines with CO2 from the cytoso…
a pair of three carbon molecules, from a split six-carbon mol…
Calvin Cycle
biochemical pathway that produces organic compounds using the…
Carbon Fixation
process by which carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded (fixed) int…
Calvin cycle
Calvin Cycle
Carbon Fixation
RuBP
PGA
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
The initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
Carbon fixation involves the addition of carbon dioxide to __…
phosphoglycerate; a three-carbon molecule formed in the first…
Calvin Cycle
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
Carbon Fixation
The initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
Calvin cycle
First
Second
Third
Fourth
6-5c
6co2
6-6c (intermediate)
12 (PGA) 3C
First
6-5c
Second
6co2
31 terms
Calvin cycle
fixation
3 rubp
fixation
3 rubp
11 terms
calvin cycle
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
sugar is made during
oxygen gas is used during
co2, pgal, glucose, starch
light reaction
calvin cycle
neither
in what sequence would melvin calvin h…
co2, pgal, glucose, starch
light energy absorbed by chlorophyll +…
light reaction
Calvin Cycle
CO2 has....
CO2 is....
C6H12O6 contains....
C6H12O6 is....
very little chemical energy
fully oxidized
a lot of chemical energy
reduced and endergonic
CO2 has....
very little chemical energy
CO2 is....
fully oxidized
9 terms
calvin cycle
adds co2 to organic compound
energy is stored in sugars
sugars are made one is made into gluco…
3c sugar is converted to 5c
step 1
step2
step 3
step 4
adds co2 to organic compound
step 1
energy is stored in sugars
step2
Calvin cycle
initial substrate
rxn 1 inputs/outputs
Rxn 1 product
Rxn 2 inputs/outputs
X3 RUBP (5C, 2P)
X3 CO2
X6 3PGA (3C, 1P)
6ATP,6NADPH/6ADP,6NADP+
initial substrate
X3 RUBP (5C, 2P)
rxn 1 inputs/outputs
X3 CO2
16 terms
Calvin Cycle
Calvin cycle
Ribulose 1, 5 biphosphate
Sucrose
Starch
reaction resulting in the reduction of carbon. Occurs in the…
RuBP. Starting and ending 5-C sugar in Calvin cycle
major transport sugar in plants
major storage polysaccharide in plants
Calvin cycle
reaction resulting in the reduction of carbon. Occurs in the…
Ribulose 1, 5 biphosphate
RuBP. Starting and ending 5-C sugar in Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Calvin cycle
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Glycolysis
Synthesis reactions. Takes place in the stroma. (The cheese p…
Producers are organisms that make all their own food. (Plants)
Consumes must take their food (animals)
Sugar splitting. Takes place outside mitochondria.
Calvin cycle
Synthesis reactions. Takes place in the stroma. (The cheese p…
Autotrophs
Producers are organisms that make all their own food. (Plants)
14 terms
Calvin Cycle
Reactants
Products
Light Dependent Reaction
Production of Light Dependent Rx
6CO2, 6H2O, Light
6O2, C6H12O6
6H20, photon, 6O2
ATP, NADPH
Reactants
6CO2, 6H2O, Light
Products
6O2, C6H12O6
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