Study sets matching "campbell biology"

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Study sets matching "campbell biology"

43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
61 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 2
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
A neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus o…
A negatively charged subatomic particle found orbiting the nu…
Atom
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
40 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 7
Plasma Membrane
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Boundary that separates living cell from nonliving surroundin…
Exchanging materials with the environment. Cells choose what…
Contains both a hydrophilic portion and a hydrophobic portion.
Different pieces. Lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates. Membra…
Plasma Membrane
Boundary that separates living cell from nonliving surroundin…
Selective Permeability
Exchanging materials with the environment. Cells choose what…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
56 terms
Campbell Biology-Chapter 3
Polar molecule
True or false: The atoms of a water mo…
True or false: Two water molecules are…
Polarity allows water molecules to for…
A molecule in which the overall charge is unevenly distributed.
False.
True.
Hydrogen bonds.
Polar molecule
A molecule in which the overall charge is unevenly distributed.
True or false: The atoms of a water mo…
False.
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
59 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Light Microscope
Magnification
Micrograph
Cell Theory
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
increase of apparent size of an object
image taken from a microscope
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
Light Microscope
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
Magnification
increase of apparent size of an object
38 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 16
Watson and Crick
DNA replication
Griffith
transformation
discovered the structure of DNA as double helix in 1953 based…
process by which DNA is copied in a cell before a cell divide…
experimented on mice with two strands of pneumonia; found the…
(genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake…
Watson and Crick
discovered the structure of DNA as double helix in 1953 based…
DNA replication
process by which DNA is copied in a cell before a cell divide…
61 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 2
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
A neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus o…
A negatively charged subatomic particle found orbiting the nu…
Atom
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
60 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Emergent properties
Eukaryotic Cell
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
81 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 1
Nucleotides
Base pairing
Phosphate-Deoxyribose
Properties of Life
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
The two molecules that when added to A, T, G, or C make up a…
Order, Evolutionary Adaptation, Response to the Environment,…
Nucleotides
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Base pairing
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
20 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 4
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
34 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 22
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle 1831-36
Galapagos Islands
Explanation of landforms and fossil faunas by floods.
Present state of earth could be explained by gradual processe…
Volcanic archipelago; Geologically young. ... Diversification (a…
Catastrophism
Explanation of landforms and fossil faunas by floods.
Uniformitarianism
Present state of earth could be explained by gradual processe…
46 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 7
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Amphipathic
Phospholipid
The boundary that separates the living cell from its surround…
_________ ____________ is a characteristic of cell membranes…
Having characteristics of being hydrophobic and hydrophilic,…
The basic structural component and most abundant lipid of cel…
Plasma membrane
The boundary that separates the living cell from its surround…
Selective permeability
_________ ____________ is a characteristic of cell membranes…
17 terms
Campbell biology chapter 33
Invertebrates
Animals in the phylum Porifera
Sponges are
Choanocytes
Animals without a backbone
sponges
sedentary and live in marine waters or fresh water
Flagellated collar cells that generate water current through…
Invertebrates
Animals without a backbone
Animals in the phylum Porifera
sponges
Campbell Biology Chapter 24
Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Biological Species Concept
The origin of new species
Changes in allele frequency in a population over time
Broad patterns of evolutionary change above the species level
A group of populations whose members have the potential to in…
Speciation
The origin of new species
Microevolution
Changes in allele frequency in a population over time
46 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 7
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Amphipathic
Phospholipid
The boundary that separates the living cell from its surround…
_________ ____________ is a characteristic of cell membranes…
Having characteristics of being hydrophobic and hydrophilic,…
The basic structural component and most abundant lipid of cel…
Plasma membrane
The boundary that separates the living cell from its surround…
Selective permeability
_________ ____________ is a characteristic of cell membranes…
47 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 1
All forms of life share common propert…
Order
Reproduction
Growth and Development
Order, Reproduction, Growth & Development, Energy Processing,…
Life has a highly ordered structure. Living cells are the bas…
Organisms reproduce their own kind.
DNA dictates the pattern of growth and development in a given…
All forms of life share common propert…
Order, Reproduction, Growth & Development, Energy Processing,…
Order
Life has a highly ordered structure. Living cells are the bas…
39 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
Differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
86 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Emergent properties
Systems Biology
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
An approach to studying biology that aims to model the dynami…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
58 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
Campbell Biology
polymer
monomer
dehydration symthesis
hydrolysis
large molecule consisting of many smaller subunits called mon…
subunit of polymer
the joining of monomers through the loss of water
polymers broken down into monomers through the addition of wa…
polymer
large molecule consisting of many smaller subunits called mon…
monomer
subunit of polymer
81 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 1
Nucleotides
Base pairing
Phosphate-Deoxyribose
Properties of Life
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
The two molecules that when added to A, T, G, or C make up a…
Order, Evolutionary Adaptation, Response to the Environment,…
Nucleotides
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Base pairing
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
20 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 4
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
Campbell Biology Chapter 17
A Site
Alternative RNA Splicing
Anticodon
Codon
one of a ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during trans…
a type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
a nucleotide triplet at one end of a tRNA molecule that base-…
a three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a p…
A Site
one of a ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during trans…
Alternative RNA Splicing
a type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
46 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 7
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Amphipathic
Phospholipid
The boundary that separates the living cell from its surround…
_________ ____________ is a characteristic of cell membranes…
Having characteristics of being hydrophobic and hydrophilic,…
The basic structural component and most abundant lipid of cel…
Plasma membrane
The boundary that separates the living cell from its surround…
Selective permeability
_________ ____________ is a characteristic of cell membranes…
59 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Conversion of complex organic molecules into smaller molecule…
Conversion of small organic molecules by forming chemical bon…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
Metabolism
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
17 terms
Campbell biology Chapter 34
Vertebrates
Chordates (phylum Chordata)
Four characteristics of chordates
The longitudinal, flexible rod between…
Animals with a backbone
bilaterian animals that belong to the clade of animals known…
Notochord, dorsal hollow nerve chord, pharyngeal slits, and a…
notocord
Vertebrates
Animals with a backbone
Chordates (phylum Chordata)
bilaterian animals that belong to the clade of animals known…
59 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Conversion of complex organic molecules into smaller molecule…
Conversion of small organic molecules by forming chemical bon…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
Metabolism
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
103 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 10
molecular biology
bacteriophages
phages
nucleotides
The study of the molecular basis of genes and gene expression…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a bacteriophage
Building blocks of nucleic acids, consisting of a five-carbon…
molecular biology
The study of the molecular basis of genes and gene expression…
bacteriophages
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
Campbell biology chapter 33
Invertebrates
Animals in the phylum Porifera
Sponges are
Filter feeders are
Animals without a backbone
sponges
sedentary and live in marine waters or fresh water
animals that capture food particles suspended in the water th…
Invertebrates
Animals without a backbone
Animals in the phylum Porifera
sponges
Campbell biology Chapter 46
sexual reproduction
sperm
egg
asexual reproduction
the creation of an offspring by fusions of sperm and egg to f…
male gamete
female gamete
creation of offspring without the fusion of egg and sperm
sexual reproduction
the creation of an offspring by fusions of sperm and egg to f…
sperm
male gamete
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
32 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
36 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 12
Identical
Genome
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Most cell division results in genetically ____ daughter cells.
The cell's genetic material.
Have a single chromosome in the shape of a circle called a pl…
Have multiple DNA molecules (chromosomes).
Identical
Most cell division results in genetically ____ daughter cells.
Genome
The cell's genetic material.
20 terms
Campbell Essential Biology Chapter 7
Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Chlorophyll
Stomata
-Process by which plants, algae, & some bacteria transform li…
light-absorbing organelles where photosynthesis occurs
a light absorbing molecule (a pigment) in chloroplasts that p…
"mouth", tiny pores where Carbon Dioxide (CO2) enters and Oxy…
Photosynthesis
-Process by which plants, algae, & some bacteria transform li…
Chloroplasts
light-absorbing organelles where photosynthesis occurs
63 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
66 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 17
gene expression
Garrod
Beadle and Tatum
transcription
The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
scientist who was the first to say in 1909 that genes determi…
Exposed bread mold to X-rays, creating mutants. Showed that e…
process by which a DNA template is used to produce a single-s…
gene expression
The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
Garrod
scientist who was the first to say in 1909 that genes determi…
Campbell Biology Chapter 25
Eras
Cambrian Radiation
Permian Crisis
Cretaceous Extinction
The boundaries of the geological time .
544 million years ago; ... Abrupt origin of most animal phyla.
245 million years ago; ... 52% of Families were lost: infer that…
65 million years ago;... 11% of marine families, last of the din…
Eras
The boundaries of the geological time .
Cambrian Radiation
544 million years ago; ... Abrupt origin of most animal phyla.
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
37 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 3
polar molecule
4 emergent properties of water
cohesion
adhesion
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
1. Cohesion... 2. Temperature Moderation... 3. Expands upon freezin…
tendency of molecules of the same kind to stick to one another
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
polar molecule
molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
4 emergent properties of water
1. Cohesion... 2. Temperature Moderation... 3. Expands upon freezin…
30 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 14
Gregor Mendel
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals o…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
trait
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
25 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 8
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic pathway
Bioenergetics
Kinetic Energy
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
the study of how energy flows through living organisms.
Energy of motion
Catabolic Pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Anabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Campbell Biology | Chapter 3
Polar covalent bonds
Polar molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
the electrons of the covalent bonds are closer to oxygen than…
the water overall charge is unevenly distributed
the hydrogen bonds hold the substance together
the clinging of one substance to another
Polar covalent bonds
the electrons of the covalent bonds are closer to oxygen than…
Polar molecule
the water overall charge is unevenly distributed
Campbell Biology Chapter 11
Gene Regulation
Gene Expression
Promoter
Operator
The turning on and off of genes or the upregulation/down regu…
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
A site where the transcription enzyme RNA polymerase attaches…
A DNA control sequence
Gene Regulation
The turning on and off of genes or the upregulation/down regu…
Gene Expression
The overall process by which genetic information flows from g…
44 terms
Campbell biology: chapter 12
cell cycle
genome
chromosome
sister chromatid
life of a cell from the times its formed until its own division
a cell's genetic info
structure that holds all DNA
joined copies of original chromosomes
cell cycle
life of a cell from the times its formed until its own division
genome
a cell's genetic info
Campbell Biology Chapter 7
Plasma Membrane
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Boundary that separates living cell from nonliving surroundin…
Exchanging materials with the environment. Cells choose what…
Contains both a hydrophilic portion and a hydrophobic portion.
Different pieces. Lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates. Membra…
Plasma Membrane
Boundary that separates living cell from nonliving surroundin…
Selective Permeability
Exchanging materials with the environment. Cells choose what…
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