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Study sets matching "cancer terms chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "cancer terms chapter 8"

12 terms
Chapter 8 cancer
telomeres
Benign tumor
malignant tumor
metastasis tumor
a compound structure at the end of a chromosome.
noncancerous growths in the body. they don't spread (metastas…
...are cancerous and are made up of cells that grow out of co…
...Metastatic cancer is cancer that has spread from the place…
telomeres
a compound structure at the end of a chromosome.
Benign tumor
noncancerous growths in the body. they don't spread (metastas…
113 terms
chapter 8, chapter 9, cancer
chromosomes
histones
chromatid
centromere
rods made up of DNA and proteins... each is a single DNA molecule
in eukaryotes, DNA wraps around these... "cord shorteners" aid i…
half of a chromosome
connects the chromatids until they separate during division
chromosomes
rods made up of DNA and proteins... each is a single DNA molecule
histones
in eukaryotes, DNA wraps around these... "cord shorteners" aid i…
33 terms
Cancer Bio Chapter 8
Rad17
Loss of Rad17
Bub1
Loss of Bub1
prevents duplication of DNA during S-phase
over replication of DNA and aneuploid cells
prevents misaligned chromosomes to separate
nondisjunction
Rad17
prevents duplication of DNA during S-phase
Loss of Rad17
over replication of DNA and aneuploid cells
47 terms
Cancer chapter 8 Wallace
stomatits
alopecia
metastasis
carcinoma
inflamation of the mouth
hair loss
spread of cancer
malignant growth made up of epithelial cells
stomatits
inflamation of the mouth
alopecia
hair loss
33 terms
Chapter 8 Cancer
asexual repoduction
sexual reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
offspring come from one parent& identical... ex. amoeba/sea star…
sperm& egg combine to form offspring... offspring different from…
new cells identical to original cell (development, growth, re…
used to produce sperm/egg... cells not identical to parent cells
asexual repoduction
offspring come from one parent& identical... ex. amoeba/sea star…
sexual reproduction
sperm& egg combine to form offspring... offspring different from…
11 terms
Chapter 8 Cancer
Proto-oncogenes
Oncogenes
Tumor suppressor genes
p53
positive growth regulator:Genes that encourage cell division.…
positive growth regulator: have abnormal expression (wrong ti…
Negative GR: genes that prevent the cell cycle from occurring…
plays a vital role in maintaining appropriate cellular division
Proto-oncogenes
positive growth regulator:Genes that encourage cell division.…
Oncogenes
positive growth regulator: have abnormal expression (wrong ti…
12 terms
chapter 8 cancer
bone marrow suppression ... (chemothera…
cardiotoxicity ... (chemotherapy toxic…
neurotoxicity ... (chemotherapy toxic e…
pulmonary toxicity ... (chemotherapy to…
monitor red white blood cell count and differential count for…
monitor for signs of congestive heart failure ; pulmonary cra…
monitor for weakness, paresthesias, sensory loss (particularl…
evidenced by pulmonary infiltrates and pulmonary fibrosis on…
bone marrow suppression ... (chemothera…
monitor red white blood cell count and differential count for…
cardiotoxicity ... (chemotherapy toxic…
monitor for signs of congestive heart failure ; pulmonary cra…
9 terms
Cancer Chapter 8
defining features of stem cells
cancer stem cells (CSCs)
relevance of stem cell biology to carc…
Presence of Wnt in cell
- ability to self-renew... - give rise to committed progenitors…
rare cells within a tumor that have the ability to self-renew…
- self-renewal provides an extended window of time for mutati…
- degradation complex can not be formed... - beta-catenin is not…
defining features of stem cells
- ability to self-renew... - give rise to committed progenitors…
cancer stem cells (CSCs)
rare cells within a tumor that have the ability to self-renew…
chapter 8: cancer
first degree relative, twice the risk…
patient navigator
genetic counsellor
Karen has breast cancer and is concerned for her adult daught…
...
a professional who counsels parent to be about their own or t…
first degree relative, twice the risk…
Karen has breast cancer and is concerned for her adult daught…
patient navigator
...
113 terms
chapter 8, chapter 9, cancer
chromosomes
histones
chromatid
centromere
rods made up of DNA and proteins... each is a single DNA molecule
in eukaryotes, DNA wraps around these... "cord shorteners" aid i…
half of a chromosome
connects the chromatids until they separate during division
chromosomes
rods made up of DNA and proteins... each is a single DNA molecule
histones
in eukaryotes, DNA wraps around these... "cord shorteners" aid i…
31 terms
Chapter 8 Vocab (Cancer)
binary fission
chromosome
sister chromatids
gametes
a means of asexual reproduction in which a parent organism, o…
a threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus of…
One of the two identical parts of a duplicated chromosome in…
A sex cell; a haploid egg or sperm. The union of two gametes…
binary fission
a means of asexual reproduction in which a parent organism, o…
chromosome
a threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus of…
35 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Reproduction and Cancer
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gametes
centrioles
creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
the creation of offspring by the fusion of 2 haploid sex cell…
male=sperm... female=egg
small set of microtubules arranged in a specific way, found i…
asexual reproduction
creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
sexual reproduction
the creation of offspring by the fusion of 2 haploid sex cell…
81 terms
Chapter 8 Cancer
Cancer description:
Cancer physiology:
Neoplasm:
Benign neoplasm:
- disorder that can involve any body organ... - Cells lose their…
Neoplasm, Benign neoplasm, malignant neoplasm, metastasis
abnormal replication of cells
Usually harmless, almost always encapsulated, can create prob…
Cancer description:
- disorder that can involve any body organ... - Cells lose their…
Cancer physiology:
Neoplasm, Benign neoplasm, malignant neoplasm, metastasis
24 terms
Cancer chapter 8
G2 checkpoint
G1 checkpoint
What is checked during the metaphase c…
Which checkpoint repairs damage to DNA…
The checkpoint where the cell cycle halts to verify that DNA…
The cell is committed to divide if it passes this checkpoint
Attachment of chromosomes to spindle fiber
G2 checkpoint; so the damage is not passed on to daughter cells
G2 checkpoint
The checkpoint where the cell cycle halts to verify that DNA…
G1 checkpoint
The cell is committed to divide if it passes this checkpoint
18 terms
Chapter 8: Cancer Cells
DNA
Gene
Cell Differentiation
Gene expression
stores genetic information as a precise sequence of 4 nucleot…
is a segment of DNA that codes for a distinct, inherited char…
Is the development process by which a cell acquires a special…
refers to whether a gene is read and it's information turned…
DNA
stores genetic information as a precise sequence of 4 nucleot…
Gene
is a segment of DNA that codes for a distinct, inherited char…
25 terms
Chapter 8 - Cancer
What is the study of cancer?
What is the term that describes when c…
What are the characteristics of cancer…
How many people die of cancer?
oncology
unrestrained proliferation ability
1) lacks cell-cycle control system, go past checkpoints... 2) ra…
1 in 5 people
What is the study of cancer?
oncology
What is the term that describes when c…
unrestrained proliferation ability
46 terms
Chapter 8 and Cancer Vocab
chromosomes
histones
chromatid
centromere
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
help maintain the shape of the chromosome and aid in the tigh…
each half of the choromosome
holds the two chromatids together until they separate during…
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
histones
help maintain the shape of the chromosome and aid in the tigh…
32 terms
Chapter 8 Biology- Cancer
anchorage dependence
benign tumor
cancer cell
cancer immunotherapy
when cells stop dividing if they are detached from their surr…
tumors that remain confined to one site, non cancerous
malignant, a tumor cell that breaks loose from the tumor, inv…
the use of antibodies that stick to cancer cells while leavin…
anchorage dependence
when cells stop dividing if they are detached from their surr…
benign tumor
tumors that remain confined to one site, non cancerous
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Cancer
cancer is...
oncogenes
tumor-suppressor genes (TSG)
cancer occurs when...
cell division (mitosis) out of control
stimulate mitosis/cell division
stop cell division
oncogenes are mutated and are stuck "on" (turned on) and when…
cancer is...
cell division (mitosis) out of control
oncogenes
stimulate mitosis/cell division
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8 - Cancer
Mitosis, meiosis
Cell Division
Reproduction, duplication, sorting
Asexual Reproduction
Egg and sperm result from what?
Reproduction at the cellular level
What does cell division do?
Produces offspring that are identical to the original cell or…
Mitosis, meiosis
Egg and sperm result from what?
Cell Division
Reproduction at the cellular level
32 terms
Chapter 8: Cell Division-Mitosis and Cancer
Mitosis is in all body cells except __…
Mitosis... (3)
Asexual Reproduction.. (2)
Examples of Asexual Reproduction by Mi…
Reproduction cells (ovaries+testes)
1. Growth from a single cell to trillions of cells... 2. Replace…
1. Lone parents and its offspring have identical genes.... 2. No…
1. Division of a yeast cell... 2. Division of a amoeba... 3. Regene…
Mitosis is in all body cells except __…
Reproduction cells (ovaries+testes)
Mitosis... (3)
1. Growth from a single cell to trillions of cells... 2. Replace…
97 terms
Cancer Chapter 8 Slides
Cancer is a
an abnormal replication of cells resul…
Benign are
Malignant are
group of diseases that characteristically grow in an uncontro…
Neoplasm(tumor)
harmless, encapsulated, do not metastasize, growth is slow, c…
uncontrolled growth, change in DNA cells, and do metastasize
Cancer is a
group of diseases that characteristically grow in an uncontro…
an abnormal replication of cells resul…
Neoplasm(tumor)
20 terms
Chapter 8 Review - Diabetes, Heart Disease & Cancer
Glucose
Type 2 Diabetes
Pancreas
Insulin
Sugar that is in your bloodstream
is the most common form of diabetes
Organ in your body that produces a hormone called Insulin
a hormone that helps glucose travel from the blood into the c…
Glucose
Sugar that is in your bloodstream
Type 2 Diabetes
is the most common form of diabetes
27 terms
IMS Chapter 8 Care of Patients with Cancer ( key terms)
Benign
Biopsy
Carcinogens
Carcinoma
Indicates a neoplasm that is usually harmless
is the removal of living cells for the purpose of examining t…
cancer-causing substances
A malignant growth made up of epithelial cells
Benign
Indicates a neoplasm that is usually harmless
Biopsy
is the removal of living cells for the purpose of examining t…
38 terms
Chapter 8: Lung Cancer
Explain the "multi-hit theory".
In the U.S., lung cancer accounts for…
Lung cancer accounts for _____% of all…
The overall 5-year survival rate for l…
Repeated exposure to carcinogens over time causes multiple mu…
14%
27%
52%
Explain the "multi-hit theory".
Repeated exposure to carcinogens over time causes multiple mu…
In the U.S., lung cancer accounts for…
14%
16 terms
Chapter 8: Antioxidants/Cancer
What is a free radical and why are the…
How are free radicals formed?
What are antioxidants?
List the antioxidants
an atom that has lost an electron and is left with an unpaire…
Many metabolic processes involve oxidation reactions and can…
a compound that has the ability to prevent or repair the dama…
Vitamin E, C, A, Selenium, Beta carotene
What is a free radical and why are the…
an atom that has lost an electron and is left with an unpaire…
How are free radicals formed?
Many metabolic processes involve oxidation reactions and can…
55 terms
Med Surg Chapter 8 - CANCER
Cancer
Neoplasm
Benign neoplasm
Malignant neoplasm
A group of diseases that characteristically grow in an uncont…
Abnormal replication of cells (new growth of tissue, or tumor)
Noncancerous cells
Cancerous cells
Cancer
A group of diseases that characteristically grow in an uncont…
Neoplasm
Abnormal replication of cells (new growth of tissue, or tumor)
8 terms
Chapter 8: Caring for Cancer Survivor
Cancer Survivorship
Cancer Continuum
Effects of Cancer on Quality of Life
Cancer and Families
-14.5 million cancer survivors in United States... -19 million U…
Risk... -Smoking... -Diet... -Patient's that don't want to use chemo a…
-Tired ... -Nausea ... -Taste of metal ... -Depressed... -Worried about c…
-Cancer creates spiritual doubt... -Cancer effectives family, se…
Cancer Survivorship
-14.5 million cancer survivors in United States... -19 million U…
Cancer Continuum
Risk... -Smoking... -Diet... -Patient's that don't want to use chemo a…
26 terms
Chapter 8: Cancer and Human Health
DNA
Gene
Cell Differentiation
Gene Expression
Stores genetic information as a precise sequence of four nucl…
A (coding) _ is a segment of DNA that codes for a polypeptide…
The developmental process by which a cell acquires a speciali…
Refers to whether a gene is read (turned on) and its informat…
DNA
Stores genetic information as a precise sequence of four nucl…
Gene
A (coding) _ is a segment of DNA that codes for a polypeptide…
25 terms
Cancer and Human Health - Chapter 8
DNA
A (coding) Gene
Cell Differentiation
Gene Expression
Stores genetic info as a precise sequence of four nucleotides.
Is a segment of DNA that codes for a polypeptide/protein.
Is the developmental process by which a cell acquires a speci…
Refers to whether a gene is read (turned on) and its informat…
DNA
Stores genetic info as a precise sequence of four nucleotides.
A (coding) Gene
Is a segment of DNA that codes for a polypeptide/protein.
38 terms
Chapter 8: Lung Cancer
Explain the "multi-hit theory".
In the U.S., lung cancer accounts for…
Lung cancer accounts for _____% of all…
The overall 5-year survival rate for l…
Repeated exposure to carcinogens over time causes multiple mu…
14%
27%
52%
Explain the "multi-hit theory".
Repeated exposure to carcinogens over time causes multiple mu…
In the U.S., lung cancer accounts for…
14%
10 terms
Chapter 8: caring for the cancer survivor
caner survivorship
physical well-being and symptoms
psychological well-being
social well-being
14.5 million cancer survivors in United States... 19 million U.S…
Increased cancer risk... Treatment-related problems
Fear... Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Impact occurs across life span
caner survivorship
14.5 million cancer survivors in United States... 19 million U.S…
physical well-being and symptoms
Increased cancer risk... Treatment-related problems
421 terms
Chapter 8 Care of Patients with Cancer
A group of diseases that characteristi…
In many instances the growth can be co…
This year, ___ of ___ people who are d…
The current rate of cancer is about th…
Cancer
True
4; 10
1977
A group of diseases that characteristi…
Cancer
In many instances the growth can be co…
True
9 terms
Chapter 8: Caring for the Cancer Survivor
Biological response modifiers (biother…
Cancer survivor
Chemotherapy
Hormone therapy
...
An individual is considered from the time of diagnosis, throu…
The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or dru…
...
Biological response modifiers (biother…
...
Cancer survivor
An individual is considered from the time of diagnosis, throu…
8 terms
Chapter 8-9 Cancer Biology
continuous uncontrolled growth of cells
a tumor is commonly used but non-speci…
a tumor refers to a _____.
harmless; localized and of small size;…
cancer
neoplasm
mass
benign
continuous uncontrolled growth of cells
cancer
a tumor is commonly used but non-speci…
neoplasm
61 terms
Discover Biology Chapter 8 Cancer
What do the majority of cancers get ca…
What is DNA?
What are nucleotides?
A gene
The accumulation of mutations within a cell.
DNA is the software that runs all the hardware of a cell.... -st…
The subunit (monomers) of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA)
A sub unit of DNA that codes for a distinct inherited charact…
What do the majority of cancers get ca…
The accumulation of mutations within a cell.
What is DNA?
DNA is the software that runs all the hardware of a cell.... -st…
30 terms
Chapter 8 care of patients with cancer
Cancer
Neoplasm
Benign
Malignant
Group of cells that grow abnormally in an uncontrolled manner
An abnormal replication of cells (tumor)
A neoplasm that is usually harmless
Tumors that with uncontrolled growth can lead to death
Cancer
Group of cells that grow abnormally in an uncontrolled manner
Neoplasm
An abnormal replication of cells (tumor)
21 terms
Chapter 8 Caring for the Cancer Survivor
Cancer survivor
5 Major forms of cancer therapy
Neglected phase of cancer care
Seasons of cancer survival: Acute surv…
1)an individual is consider a cancer survivor from the time o…
-surgery... -chemotherapy... -hormone therapy... -biotherapy (biologic…
-period following first diagnosis and initial treatment and b…
-starts with the diagnosis of cancer.... -diagnostic and therape…
Cancer survivor
1)an individual is consider a cancer survivor from the time o…
5 Major forms of cancer therapy
-surgery... -chemotherapy... -hormone therapy... -biotherapy (biologic…
30 terms
Chapter 8: part II cancer
smokers
false: serious risks
smokers
carcinogens
Children of _________:... - Low birth weights... - Increased risk o…
true or false:... second hand smoke only has some risks
Adults around _______:... - Eye and nose irritations ... - Lung can…
Tobacco smoke is known to contain at least 60 ______________…
smokers
Children of _________:... - Low birth weights... - Increased risk o…
false: serious risks
true or false:... second hand smoke only has some risks
8 terms
Chapter 8: Cancer and Human Health
proto-oncogenes
Oncogenes
Anchorage Dependence
Benign Tumor
Genes that encourage cell division
Proto-oncogenes that have abnormal expression
the inability of a cell to divide if it is detached from its…
One that has been confined to one site
proto-oncogenes
Genes that encourage cell division
Oncogenes
Proto-oncogenes that have abnormal expression
10 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 8: Cancer
what is the difference between a benig…
which of the following will help preve…
the genetically controlled death of ce…
cancer cells...
benign tumors do not metastasize, malignant tumors do.
seek early detection
apoptosis
may exhibit metastasis
what is the difference between a benig…
benign tumors do not metastasize, malignant tumors do.
which of the following will help preve…
seek early detection
12 terms
Chapter 8: Cancers
cancer
metastases
incidence
prevalence
diseases with processes associated with abnormal cell growth…
when cancer spreads to other organs and systems
new cases of cancer
existing cases of cancer
cancer
diseases with processes associated with abnormal cell growth…
metastases
when cancer spreads to other organs and systems
24 terms
AHA-Chapter 8-Skin Cancer Risk Factors
Basal and Squamous Cancer Risk Factor
Basal and Squamous Cancer Risk Factor
Basal and Squamous Cancer Risk Factor
Basal and Squamous Cancer Risk Factor
Greater than 50 years of age
Chronic exposure to sunlight or UV/UVB radiation
Fair, freckled, ruddy complexion
Light-colored hair or eyes
Basal and Squamous Cancer Risk Factor
Greater than 50 years of age
Basal and Squamous Cancer Risk Factor
Chronic exposure to sunlight or UV/UVB radiation
17 terms
Chapter 8: Cancers and Human Health
Cancer Cells: by the numbers
11.2 Cancer Cells: Good Cells Gone Bad
Please use sunscreen!
Positive growth regulators: the gas…
-Cancer accounts for over a half-million deaths each year... -Th…
A. Cancer develops when cells lose normal restraints on divis…
-3.5m total skin cancer cases a year... -1 in 68 people are at r…
-Proto-oncogenes: Genes that encourage cell division. These…
Cancer Cells: by the numbers
-Cancer accounts for over a half-million deaths each year... -Th…
11.2 Cancer Cells: Good Cells Gone Bad
A. Cancer develops when cells lose normal restraints on divis…
45 terms
Chapter 8 Caring for the Cancer Survivor
"What are the major forms of cancer th…
The National Coalition for Cancer Surv…
despite the incredible advances made i…
what is the neglected phase of cancer…
Surgery... Chemotherapy... Hormone therapy... Biological Response modi…
an individual is considered a cancer survivor from the time o…
delayed second cancer diagnoses or treatment-related chronic…
the period following first diagnosis and initial treatment an…
"What are the major forms of cancer th…
Surgery... Chemotherapy... Hormone therapy... Biological Response modi…
The National Coalition for Cancer Surv…
an individual is considered a cancer survivor from the time o…
Chapter 8 (Cancer and Human Health)
anchorage dependence
benign tumor
cancer cell (aka malignant cell)
cancer immunotherapy
the inability of a cell to divide if it is detached from its…
a relatively harmless cancerous growth that is confined to a…
a tumor cell that breaks loose from the tumor, invades neighb…
the use of antibodies that stick to cancer cells while leavin…
anchorage dependence
the inability of a cell to divide if it is detached from its…
benign tumor
a relatively harmless cancerous growth that is confined to a…
53 terms
Chapter 8 - Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and Cancer
Cancer cells start out as...
Cancer cells undergo...
Cancer cells lose the ability to...
Cancer cells are out of control, causi…
normal body cells.
genetic mutations.
control the tempo of their own division.
disease.
Cancer cells start out as...
normal body cells.
Cancer cells undergo...
genetic mutations.
49 terms
Care of Patients w/Cancer Chapter 8 Med Surg
The Impact of Cancer - Cancer
Incidence of breast cancer has increas…
64% of cancer patients are surviving.
Neoplasm
is a group of diseases that characteristiclly grow in an unco…
This is mostly attributed to improved detection.
...
abnormal replication of cells; doubling; doesn't have normal…
The Impact of Cancer - Cancer
is a group of diseases that characteristiclly grow in an unco…
Incidence of breast cancer has increas…
This is mostly attributed to improved detection.
Discover Biology 6th Ed: Chapter 8 - Cancer
Positive growth regulators
Negative growth regulators
Oncogene
Tumor supressors
Stimulates cell division... -> Human growth hormone (estrogen)
Signals that stop cell division... -> Hormone: Cortisone
Proto-oncogenes that have become hyperactive as a result of D…
Genes that protect against mutations and cancerous change
Positive growth regulators
Stimulates cell division... -> Human growth hormone (estrogen)
Negative growth regulators
Signals that stop cell division... -> Hormone: Cortisone
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