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Study sets matching "cancer"

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Study sets matching "cancer"

12 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
A tumor that will not spread cancer to other parts of the body.
A tumor that has the potential of spreading to other parts of…
Cancer
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
23 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign tumor
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign tumor
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
12 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
A tumor that will not spread cancer to other parts of the body.
A tumor that has the potential of spreading to other parts of…
Cancer
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
38 terms
Cancer
Cancer is the ______ leading cause of…
in 1968 ____ mortalty from cancer, and…
Why has mortality from cancer increased?
For people of similar age there was be…
2nd
17%, 23%
Because of old age. Mortality at 80 is 1000x more likely than…
lung, (30% more). 1/3 of all cancer deaths are from lung cancer
Cancer is the ______ leading cause of…
2nd
in 1968 ____ mortalty from cancer, and…
17%, 23%
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
67 terms
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
36 terms
Cancer
What can the genetic changes in cancer…
What normally precedes a colorectal ma…
Common sites for metastasis:
Where does breast cancer normally meta…
1) Mutations... - Anything that alters DNA sequence... *2) Epige…
Polyp/adenoma
1) Brain... 2) Liver... 3) Bone marrow... 4) Lung
Local lymph nodes and bone
What can the genetic changes in cancer…
1) Mutations... - Anything that alters DNA sequence... *2) Epige…
What normally precedes a colorectal ma…
Polyp/adenoma
15 terms
Cancer
Leafy
Dat Boi
dank mems
pepe
The most cancerous pear on the planet
O shirt wud urp
the dankest
rip in peice u dank friog
Leafy
The most cancerous pear on the planet
Dat Boi
O shirt wud urp
5 terms
cancer
sarcoma
neuroma
lipoma
fibroma
tumor of connective tissue
tumor composed of nerve which is benign
benign fatty tumor
tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (benign)
sarcoma
tumor of connective tissue
neuroma
tumor composed of nerve which is benign
71 terms
Cancer
Neoplasm
Benign Tumours
Malignant Tumours
Cancer terminology: Prefix
a proliferation of cells that grow in an unregulated manner,…
No metastatic potential, Local expansile growth - do not pene…
Metastatic potential, locally invasive - penetrate & invade o…
line of differentiation, e.g. ... - Adeno (from glands)... - Squamo…
Neoplasm
a proliferation of cells that grow in an unregulated manner,…
Benign Tumours
No metastatic potential, Local expansile growth - do not pene…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
Metastasis
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
A tumor that is not cancerous.
A tumor that is cancerous.
When cancer spreads and forms a new tumor in another part of…
Cancer
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
Benign Tumor
A tumor that is not cancerous.
16 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
Metastasis
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
A tumor that is not cancerous.
A tumor that is cancerous.
When cancer spreads and forms a new tumor in another part of…
Cancer
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
Benign Tumor
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
10 terms
Cancer
External Factor
Internal Factor
Cyclins
Apoptosis
Cell-cell contact
Kinases/Cyclins
Group of proteins that are rapidly made and destroyed at cert…
Programmed cell death
External Factor
Cell-cell contact
Internal Factor
Kinases/Cyclins
148 terms
Cancer
How is cancer initiated?
How is cancer promoted?
How is cancer progressed?
Carcinoma
Genetics, Radiation, Chemicals, Viruses
Dietary fats, obesity, smoking, alcohol
Metastasis
Cancer that originates from embroyonal ectoderm (skin, glands…
How is cancer initiated?
Genetics, Radiation, Chemicals, Viruses
How is cancer promoted?
Dietary fats, obesity, smoking, alcohol
12 terms
cancer
large cytoplasm, single nucleus, singl…
small cytoplasm, multiple nuclei, mult…
cancer
cell division
what a normal cell has
what a cancerous cell has
disruption of the mechanisms of the cell cycle
what this disruption leads to
large cytoplasm, single nucleus, singl…
what a normal cell has
small cytoplasm, multiple nuclei, mult…
what a cancerous cell has
10 terms
Cancer
Metastasis
Lymphoma
Staging
Carcinoma
Cancer cells that have moved to another area in the body
Cancer of the lymphatic system
Staging describes the extent or spread of cancer at the time…
Cancer that forms in the skin & linings of body organs.
Metastasis
Cancer cells that have moved to another area in the body
Lymphoma
Cancer of the lymphatic system
50 terms
Cancer
Proto-oncogene
Tumor Suppressor
Retinoblastoma (Rb)
E2F
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor that binds and inhibits E2F
Transcription factor for S-phase genes. Needed to pass Restri…
Proto-oncogene
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
10 terms
CANCER
CANCER
CAUSES OF CANCER
FIGHTING CANCER
TUMOR
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
1. Self-examination and early detection... 2. Life style changes…
Mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells div…
CANCER
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
CAUSES OF CANCER
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
8 terms
Cancer
Protooncogenes are__
When protooncogenes are mutated__
• Tumors can be classified as__
• Metastasis is __
__normal cellular genes that are important regulators of norm…
__they can begin to function as oncogenes (tumor-inducing gen…
__benign or malignant.
__a multistep process in which tumor cells travel to distant…
Protooncogenes are__
__normal cellular genes that are important regulators of norm…
When protooncogenes are mutated__
__they can begin to function as oncogenes (tumor-inducing gen…
31 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer causing viruses
Benign Tumors
Malignant Tumors
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
Grow slowly; are microscopically well-differentiated with low…
Grow rapidly; are poorly differentiated does not look like th…
Cancer
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Cancer causing viruses
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
26 terms
Cancer
Anaplasia
Benign vs malignant
Benign suffix
Malignant suffix
The loss of cellular differentiation, irregularities in the s…
"Oma"
Carcinoma
Anaplasia
The loss of cellular differentiation, irregularities in the s…
Benign vs malignant
25 terms
Cancer
Unchangeable risk factors
Semi-controllable risk factors
Controllable risk factors (still may b…
Why is cancer notoriously hard to treat?
Time... Genetics - BRCA mutations and lifetime cancer risk... Lifet…
Viral exposure - HIV, HPV, Hepatitis, Cytomegalovirus... Pregnan…
Diet - meat consumption increases risk of colon cancer... Alcoho…
Avoids immune system... Invasion... Unlimited proliferative capacit…
Unchangeable risk factors
Time... Genetics - BRCA mutations and lifetime cancer risk... Lifet…
Semi-controllable risk factors
Viral exposure - HIV, HPV, Hepatitis, Cytomegalovirus... Pregnan…
10 terms
CANCER
CANCER
CAUSES OF CANCER
FIGHTING CANCER
TUMOR
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
1. Self-examination and early detection... 2. Life style changes…
Mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells div…
CANCER
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
CAUSES OF CANCER
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
15 terms
Cancer
tumor
benign
malignant
skin
abnormal growth of tissue
a tumor that is not cancerous and does not spread
a tumor that is cancerous and spreads
the most common type of cancer
tumor
abnormal growth of tissue
benign
a tumor that is not cancerous and does not spread
58 terms
Cancer
Carcinogenesis
What are Genes?
Cancer in relation to the gene?
Definition of Cancer
Development, beginning of cancer.
Section of DNA that codes for a particular trait, characteris…
Cancer is a mutation of the gene.
Mutation to gene that controls how often a cell divides, caus…
Carcinogenesis
Development, beginning of cancer.
What are Genes?
Section of DNA that codes for a particular trait, characteris…
67 terms
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
67 terms
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
26 terms
Cancer
cancer
apoptosis
tumor
mitosis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
A type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellu…
A mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells d…
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
apoptosis
A type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellu…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
36 terms
Cancer
carcin
cyt
epithel
hist
cancer
cell
epithelium
tissue
carcin
cancer
cyt
cell
26 terms
Cancer
Cell Cycle
S Phase
DNA
Checkpoints
name of the cellular process that goes out of control in canc…
the portion of the cell cycle where DNA is replicated
cancer is formed when the _____ mutates
there are three of them in the cell cycle. they are points wh…
Cell Cycle
name of the cellular process that goes out of control in canc…
S Phase
the portion of the cell cycle where DNA is replicated
36 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer causing viruses
Benign-tissues
Benign Tumors
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
from which they arise "-oma" - lipoma/leiomyoma/chondroma; Do…
Grow slowly; are microscopically well-differentiated with low…
Cancer
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Cancer causing viruses
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
23 terms
Cancer
What is cancer?
Carcinoma
sarcoma
leukemia
A group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled and unr…
Begins in skin of tissues that line or cover internal organs
begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or oth…
starts in blood-forming tissue such as bone marrow
What is cancer?
A group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled and unr…
Carcinoma
Begins in skin of tissues that line or cover internal organs
49 terms
Cancer
What is cancer?
Carcinoma
sarcoma
leukemia
A group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled and unr…
Begins in skin of tissues that line or cover internal organs
begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or oth…
starts in blood-forming tissue such as bone marrow
What is cancer?
A group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled and unr…
Carcinoma
Begins in skin of tissues that line or cover internal organs
63 terms
Cancer
oncology nursing
cancer
cancer incidence
cancer mortality
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
-age is 55yrs+... -men > women (concept of lifetime risk)... -1,660…
-second leading cause of US death ... -leading cause of death af…
oncology nursing
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
cancer
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
48 terms
Cancer
cancer-associated genes
proto-oncogenes encode
activation of oncogenes can be achieve…
ErbB-2/HER2/Neu
-oncogenes-gain of function... -tumor suppressor genes - loss of…
-growth factors ... -growth factor receptors ... -signal transducti…
•activating mutations... •gene amplification... •chromosomal transl…
-encodes TRK... -activation through heterodimerization with othe…
cancer-associated genes
-oncogenes-gain of function... -tumor suppressor genes - loss of…
proto-oncogenes encode
-growth factors ... -growth factor receptors ... -signal transducti…
39 terms
Cancer
p53
Oncogene
Proto-oncogene
Tumor suppressor genes
In contrast with Rb, very little p53 protein is found in most…
An altered gene whose product can act in a dominant fashion t…
Normal gene, usually concerned with the regulation of cell pr…
A gene that prevents the cell from becoming cancerous. Loss-o…
p53
In contrast with Rb, very little p53 protein is found in most…
Oncogene
An altered gene whose product can act in a dominant fashion t…
72 terms
cancer
which cancer is the #1 cause of death…
what cancer is common w/ chewing & smo…
what are some cancer warning signs?... CA…
when and how often should a breast exa…
lung cancer
bladder cancer
C - change in bowel/bladder... A - a sore that doesn't heal... U -…
every month right after your period, at the same time each mo…
which cancer is the #1 cause of death…
lung cancer
what cancer is common w/ chewing & smo…
bladder cancer
85 terms
Cancer
For mitosis, what are the three steps…
Where is most of a cell's life spent?
Interphase
What happens if a mutation happens whe…
1. Interphase... 2. Mitosis... 3. Cytokinesis
Interphase
DNA needs to be copied perfectly
Leads to non-functional proteins
For mitosis, what are the three steps…
1. Interphase... 2. Mitosis... 3. Cytokinesis
Where is most of a cell's life spent?
Interphase
290 terms
Cancer
Breast combination tx... 2... 🐮
Oat combination tx... 🚕
Hogskin combination tx... 👮... 3
COPP & MOPP componentsn
CMF... CAF
CAV
COPP... MOPP... ABVD
Cyclophosphomide... Oncovin... Procarbazine... Prednisone... _…
Breast combination tx... 2... 🐮
CMF... CAF
Oat combination tx... 🚕
CAV
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
cancer that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
The process by which malignant cancer cells spread to other p…
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
cancer that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to o…
11 terms
Cancer
malignant tumor
benign tumor
risk factors
carcinogens
An abnormal tissue mass that can spread into neighboring tiss…
An abnormal mass of cells that remains at its original site i…
characteristics or behaviors that increase the likelihood of…
Substances that cause cancer
malignant tumor
An abnormal tissue mass that can spread into neighboring tiss…
benign tumor
An abnormal mass of cells that remains at its original site i…
24 terms
Cancer
Characteristics of cancer cells
Incidences and mortality of cancers
Definition of cancer
Clonal evolution
Large # of dividing cells... Large, variably shaped nuclei... - mo…
Some cancers are much more common than others; some are more…
Cells lose normal regulation of the cell cycle and cell adhes…
A tumor starts with a single mutated cell that leads to abnor…
Characteristics of cancer cells
Large # of dividing cells... Large, variably shaped nuclei... - mo…
Incidences and mortality of cancers
Some cancers are much more common than others; some are more…
17 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
Metastasis
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
A tumor that is not cancerous.
A tumor that is cancerous.
When cancer spreads and forms a new tumor in another part of…
Cancer
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
Benign Tumor
A tumor that is not cancerous.
15 terms
cancer
tumor
cancer
mutation
apoptosis
A mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells d…
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontro…
(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure
Programmed cell death
tumor
A mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells d…
cancer
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontro…
31 terms
Cancer
filgrastim (Neupogen)
epoetin (Epogen, EPO, Procrit)
transplants
Biological Response Modifiers for cancer
helps body make WBC after receiving cancer therapy
stimulates bone marrow to make more RBC
bone marrow transplant ... stem cell transplant
stimulate immune system to fight cancer more effectively ... * i…
filgrastim (Neupogen)
helps body make WBC after receiving cancer therapy
epoetin (Epogen, EPO, Procrit)
stimulates bone marrow to make more RBC
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