Study sets matching "cancer"

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Study sets matching "cancer"

Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
12 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
A tumor that will not spread cancer to other parts of the body.
A tumor that has the potential of spreading to other parts of…
Cancer
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
Cancer
Cancer is the ______ leading cause of…
in 1968 ____ mortalty from cancer, and…
Why has mortality from cancer increased?
For people of similar age there was be…
2nd
17%, 23%
Because of old age. Mortality at 80 is 1000x more likely than…
lung, (30% more). 1/3 of all cancer deaths are from lung cancer
Cancer is the ______ leading cause of…
2nd
in 1968 ____ mortalty from cancer, and…
17%, 23%
148 terms
Cancer
How is cancer initiated?
How is cancer promoted?
How is cancer progressed?
Carcinoma
Genetics, Radiation, Chemicals, Viruses
Dietary fats, obesity, smoking, alcohol
Metastasis
Cancer that originates from embroyonal ectoderm (skin, glands…
How is cancer initiated?
Genetics, Radiation, Chemicals, Viruses
How is cancer promoted?
Dietary fats, obesity, smoking, alcohol
12 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
A tumor that will not spread cancer to other parts of the body.
A tumor that has the potential of spreading to other parts of…
Cancer
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
39 terms
Cancer
p53
Oncogene
Proto-oncogene
Tumor suppressor genes
In contrast with Rb, very little p53 protein is found in most…
An altered gene whose product can act in a dominant fashion t…
Normal gene, usually concerned with the regulation of cell pr…
A gene that prevents the cell from becoming cancerous. Loss-o…
p53
In contrast with Rb, very little p53 protein is found in most…
Oncogene
An altered gene whose product can act in a dominant fashion t…
Cancer
Leafy
Dat Boi
dank mems
pepe
The most cancerous pear on the planet
O shirt wud urp
the dankest
rip in peice u dank friog
Leafy
The most cancerous pear on the planet
Dat Boi
O shirt wud urp
Cancer
Neoplasm
Benign Tumours
Malignant Tumours
Cancer terminology: Prefix
a proliferation of cells that grow in an unregulated manner,…
No metastatic potential, Local expansile growth - do not pene…
Metastatic potential, locally invasive - penetrate & invade o…
line of differentiation, e.g. ... - Adeno (from glands)... - Squamo…
Neoplasm
a proliferation of cells that grow in an unregulated manner,…
Benign Tumours
No metastatic potential, Local expansile growth - do not pene…
40 terms
Cancer
2/3
Initiation
Promotion
Progression
Of the amount of people that are diagnosed with cancer, what…
This is the first step of cancer development:... -A carcinogen c…
This is the second step of cancer development:... -The cell with…
This is the third step of cancer development:... -Cancer cells i…
2/3
Of the amount of people that are diagnosed with cancer, what…
Initiation
This is the first step of cancer development:... -A carcinogen c…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
10 terms
Cancer
External Factor
Internal Factor
Cyclins
Apoptosis
Cell-cell contact
Kinases/Cyclins
Group of proteins that are rapidly made and destroyed at cert…
Programmed cell death
External Factor
Cell-cell contact
Internal Factor
Kinases/Cyclins
10 terms
Cancer
Metastasis
Lymphoma
Staging
Carcinoma
Cancer cells that have moved to another area in the body
Cancer of the lymphatic system
Staging describes the extent or spread of cancer at the time…
Cancer that forms in the skin & linings of body organs.
Metastasis
Cancer cells that have moved to another area in the body
Lymphoma
Cancer of the lymphatic system
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer causing viruses
Benign Tumors
Malignant Tumors
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
Grow slowly; are microscopically well-differentiated with low…
Grow rapidly; are poorly differentiated does not look like th…
Cancer
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Cancer causing viruses
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
Cancer
Proto-oncogene
Tumor Suppressor
Retinoblastoma (Rb)
E2F
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor that binds and inhibits E2F
Transcription factor for S-phase genes. Needed to pass Restri…
Proto-oncogene
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
10 terms
CANCER
CANCER
CAUSES OF CANCER
FIGHTING CANCER
TUMOR
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
1. Self-examination and early detection... 2. Life style changes…
Mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells div…
CANCER
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
CAUSES OF CANCER
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
58 terms
Cancer
Carcinogenesis
What are Genes?
Cancer in relation to the gene?
Definition of Cancer
Development, beginning of cancer.
Section of DNA that codes for a particular trait, characteris…
Cancer is a mutation of the gene.
Mutation to gene that controls how often a cell divides, caus…
Carcinogenesis
Development, beginning of cancer.
What are Genes?
Section of DNA that codes for a particular trait, characteris…
10 terms
CANCER
CANCER
CAUSES OF CANCER
FIGHTING CANCER
TUMOR
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
1. Self-examination and early detection... 2. Life style changes…
Mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells div…
CANCER
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
CAUSES OF CANCER
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
36 terms
Cancer
What can the genetic changes in cancer…
What normally precedes a colorectal ma…
Common sites for metastasis:
Where does breast cancer normally meta…
1) Mutations... - Anything that alters DNA sequence... *2) Epige…
Polyp/adenoma
1) Brain... 2) Liver... 3) Bone marrow... 4) Lung
Local lymph nodes and bone
What can the genetic changes in cancer…
1) Mutations... - Anything that alters DNA sequence... *2) Epige…
What normally precedes a colorectal ma…
Polyp/adenoma
26 terms
Cancer
cancer
apoptosis
tumor
mitosis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
A type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellu…
A mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells d…
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
apoptosis
A type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellu…
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
36 terms
Cancer
carcin
cyt
epithel
hist
cancer
cell
epithelium
tissue
carcin
cancer
cyt
cell
67 terms
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
12 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
36 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer causing viruses
Benign-tissues
Benign Tumors
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
from which they arise "-oma" - lipoma/leiomyoma/chondroma; Do…
Grow slowly; are microscopically well-differentiated with low…
Cancer
is an uncontrolled proliferation of cells that can arise from…
Cancer causing viruses
Hepatitis B/C; Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV); Kaposi's sarcoma her…
26 terms
Cancer
Cell Cycle
S Phase
DNA
Checkpoints
name of the cellular process that goes out of control in canc…
the portion of the cell cycle where DNA is replicated
cancer is formed when the _____ mutates
there are three of them in the cell cycle. they are points wh…
Cell Cycle
name of the cellular process that goes out of control in canc…
S Phase
the portion of the cell cycle where DNA is replicated
15 terms
Cancer
tumor
benign
malignant
skin
abnormal growth of tissue
a tumor that is not cancerous and does not spread
a tumor that is cancerous and spreads
the most common type of cancer
tumor
abnormal growth of tissue
benign
a tumor that is not cancerous and does not spread
63 terms
Cancer
oncology nursing
cancer
cancer incidence
cancer mortality
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
-age is 55yrs+... -men > women (concept of lifetime risk)... -1,660…
-second leading cause of US death ... -leading cause of death af…
oncology nursing
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
cancer
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
5 terms
cancer
prevention
crucial
unconventional
awareness
the action of stopping something from happening or arising.
decisive or critical, specially in the success or failure of…
not based on or conforming to what is generally done or believe
knowledge or perception of a situation or fact
prevention
the action of stopping something from happening or arising.
crucial
decisive or critical, specially in the success or failure of…
12 terms
cancer
large cytoplasm, single nucleus, singl…
small cytoplasm, multiple nuclei, mult…
cancer
cell division
what a normal cell has
what a cancerous cell has
disruption of the mechanisms of the cell cycle
what this disruption leads to
large cytoplasm, single nucleus, singl…
what a normal cell has
small cytoplasm, multiple nuclei, mult…
what a cancerous cell has
24 terms
Cancer
Characteristics of cancer cells
Incidences and mortality of cancers
Definition of cancer
Clonal evolution
Large # of dividing cells... Large, variably shaped nuclei... - mo…
Some cancers are much more common than others; some are more…
Cells lose normal regulation of the cell cycle and cell adhes…
A tumor starts with a single mutated cell that leads to abnor…
Characteristics of cancer cells
Large # of dividing cells... Large, variably shaped nuclei... - mo…
Incidences and mortality of cancers
Some cancers are much more common than others; some are more…
5 terms
cancer
sarcoma
neuroma
lipoma
fibroma
tumor of connective tissue
tumor composed of nerve which is benign
benign fatty tumor
tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (benign)
sarcoma
tumor of connective tissue
neuroma
tumor composed of nerve which is benign
cancer
which cancer is the #1 cause of death…
what cancer is common w/ chewing & smo…
what are some cancer warning signs?... CA…
when and how often should a breast exa…
lung cancer
bladder cancer
C - change in bowel/bladder... A - a sore that doesn't heal... U -…
every month right after your period, at the same time each mo…
which cancer is the #1 cause of death…
lung cancer
what cancer is common w/ chewing & smo…
bladder cancer
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
cancer
cancer
tumor
malignat
metastasis
a group of disease involving the uncontrolled growth and spar…
an abnormal mass of tissue
the term used to describe a cancers tumor
the spread of cancer from where it first develops to other pa…
cancer
a group of disease involving the uncontrolled growth and spar…
tumor
an abnormal mass of tissue
Cancer
Proliferation
Differentiation
Cellular proliferation
Undifferentiated
a rapid growth/reproduction; multiplying
change; functioning different than original state; epigenetic…
new, daughter cells divided from parent cells; most via mitos…
Stem cells- have potential to mature into specific cells
Proliferation
a rapid growth/reproduction; multiplying
Differentiation
change; functioning different than original state; epigenetic…
34 terms
CANCER
atrophy
hypertrophy
hyperplasia
metaplasia
cell size shrinkage... common in brain and muscles
increase in cell size... common in fat and muscle cells
increase in cell number
reversible replacement of one mature cell type to another... ex…
atrophy
cell size shrinkage... common in brain and muscles
hypertrophy
increase in cell size... common in fat and muscle cells
cancer
Benign
Malignant cell growth
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Abnormal cell mass, harmless
cancer
Enlargement of existing cells
Increase in cell number
Benign
Abnormal cell mass, harmless
Malignant cell growth
cancer
10 terms
Cancer
Types of Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy compartment
Ionization radiation
Single-agent chemotherapy... Combination chemotherapy... Principle…
- Use of nonselective cytotoxic drugs that target vital *ce…
1: cells undergoing mitosis and cytokinesis... 2: cells capable…
Damages cells by imparting enough ionizing radiation to cause…
Types of Chemotherapy
Single-agent chemotherapy... Combination chemotherapy... Principle…
Chemotherapy
- Use of nonselective cytotoxic drugs that target vital *ce…
26 terms
Cancer
Cancer: Define
Cancer: Risk factors
Cancer: Common Sx
Cancer: Sx
○ A genetic condition... ○ Uncontrolled growth of abnormal cell…
○ Heredity: 5-10% of cancers... ○ Age: 70% of cancers >65... ○ Diet…
○ Change in bowel or bladder... ○ A sore that does not heal... ○ Un…
○ Decreased function... ○ Infections... ○ Hemorrhage... ○ Anorexia-cac…
Cancer: Define
○ A genetic condition... ○ Uncontrolled growth of abnormal cell…
Cancer: Risk factors
○ Heredity: 5-10% of cancers... ○ Age: 70% of cancers >65... ○ Diet…
20 terms
Cancer
Hyperplasia
Neoplasia
Tumor:
Benign:
excessive growth...
abnormal excessive growth
defined mass due to hyperplasia or neoplasia
none hamrful
Hyperplasia
excessive growth...
Neoplasia
abnormal excessive growth
Cancer
Necrotic
Polypoid
Ulcerating
Carcinoma
Dead tissue
Growths that are like projections extending outward from a ba…
large open exposed surfaces
localized tumor cells that have not invaded adjacent structures
Necrotic
Dead tissue
Polypoid
Growths that are like projections extending outward from a ba…
cancer
Most epithelial malignancies are either:
Squamous, basal and transitional cell…
Adenocarcinomas
Squamous Epithelium
adenocarcinomas or squamous cell carcinomas
- develop from surface epithelial cells that line... and protect…
-develop from deeper... specialized (glandular) epithelial cells…
- Mature dead and dying... flattened cells (squamous... keratinocyt…
Most epithelial malignancies are either:
adenocarcinomas or squamous cell carcinomas
Squamous, basal and transitional cell…
- develop from surface epithelial cells that line... and protect…
Cancer
filgrastim (Neupogen)
epoetin (Epogen, EPO, Procrit)
transplants
Biological Response Modifiers for cancer
helps body make WBC after receiving cancer therapy
stimulates bone marrow to make more RBC
bone marrow transplant ... stem cell transplant
stimulate immune system to fight cancer more effectively ... * i…
filgrastim (Neupogen)
helps body make WBC after receiving cancer therapy
epoetin (Epogen, EPO, Procrit)
stimulates bone marrow to make more RBC
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
Metastasis
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
A tumor that is not cancerous.
A tumor that is cancerous.
When cancer spreads and forms a new tumor in another part of…
Cancer
A disease that involves the abnormal growth of cells.
Benign Tumor
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Cancer
Neoplasms
Oncology
Oncologist
Carcinogens
New growth/New tissue
The study and treatment of cancer/tumors
Specialist dealing with the treatment of cancer
Agents from the environment that can cause damage to DNA and…
Neoplasms
New growth/New tissue
Oncology
The study and treatment of cancer/tumors
Cancer
alopecia
carcinogenesis
erythropoiesis
extravasation
hair loss
cancer development
selective maturation of stem cells into mature erythrocytes
escaped of fluids/drugs in to the subcutaneous tissue a compl…
alopecia
hair loss
carcinogenesis
cancer development
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