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Study sets matching "cancer"

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Study sets matching "cancer"

12 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
A tumor that will not spread cancer to other parts of the body.
A tumor that has the potential of spreading to other parts of…
Cancer
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
23 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign tumor
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign tumor
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
38 terms
Cancer
Cancer is the ______ leading cause of…
in 1968 ____ mortalty from cancer, and…
Why has mortality from cancer increased?
For people of similar age there was be…
2nd
17%, 23%
Because of old age. Mortality at 80 is 1000x more likely than…
lung, (30% more). 1/3 of all cancer deaths are from lung cancer
Cancer is the ______ leading cause of…
2nd
in 1968 ____ mortalty from cancer, and…
17%, 23%
12 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign Tumor
Malignant Tumor
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
A tumor that will not spread cancer to other parts of the body.
A tumor that has the potential of spreading to other parts of…
Cancer
A growth or tumor caused by uncontrolled cell division.
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide uncontrollably
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
20 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
36 terms
Cancer
What can the genetic changes in cancer…
What normally precedes a colorectal ma…
Common sites for metastasis:
Where does breast cancer normally meta…
1) Mutations... - Anything that alters DNA sequence... *2) Epige…
Polyp/adenoma
1) Brain... 2) Liver... 3) Bone marrow... 4) Lung
Local lymph nodes and bone
What can the genetic changes in cancer…
1) Mutations... - Anything that alters DNA sequence... *2) Epige…
What normally precedes a colorectal ma…
Polyp/adenoma
15 terms
Cancer
Leafy
Dat Boi
dank mems
pepe
The most cancerous pear on the planet
O shirt wud urp
the dankest
rip in peice u dank friog
Leafy
The most cancerous pear on the planet
Dat Boi
O shirt wud urp
71 terms
Cancer
Neoplasm
Benign Tumours
Malignant Tumours
Cancer terminology: Prefix
a proliferation of cells that grow in an unregulated manner,…
No metastatic potential, Local expansile growth - do not pene…
Metastatic potential, locally invasive - penetrate & invade o…
line of differentiation, e.g. ... - Adeno (from glands)... - Squamo…
Neoplasm
a proliferation of cells that grow in an unregulated manner,…
Benign Tumours
No metastatic potential, Local expansile growth - do not pene…
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
50 terms
Cancer
Proto-oncogene
Tumor Suppressor
Retinoblastoma (Rb)
E2F
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor that binds and inhibits E2F
Transcription factor for S-phase genes. Needed to pass Restri…
Proto-oncogene
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
12 terms
cancer
large cytoplasm, single nucleus, singl…
small cytoplasm, multiple nuclei, mult…
cancer
cell division
what a normal cell has
what a cancerous cell has
disruption of the mechanisms of the cell cycle
what this disruption leads to
large cytoplasm, single nucleus, singl…
what a normal cell has
small cytoplasm, multiple nuclei, mult…
what a cancerous cell has
26 terms
Cancer
Anaplasia
Benign vs malignant
Benign suffix
Malignant suffix
The loss of cellular differentiation, irregularities in the s…
"Oma"
Carcinoma
Anaplasia
The loss of cellular differentiation, irregularities in the s…
Benign vs malignant
25 terms
Cancer
Unchangeable risk factors
Semi-controllable risk factors
Controllable risk factors (still may b…
Why is cancer notoriously hard to treat?
Time... Genetics - BRCA mutations and lifetime cancer risk... Lifet…
Viral exposure - HIV, HPV, Hepatitis, Cytomegalovirus... Pregnan…
Diet - meat consumption increases risk of colon cancer... Alcoho…
Avoids immune system... Invasion... Unlimited proliferative capacit…
Unchangeable risk factors
Time... Genetics - BRCA mutations and lifetime cancer risk... Lifet…
Semi-controllable risk factors
Viral exposure - HIV, HPV, Hepatitis, Cytomegalovirus... Pregnan…
58 terms
Cancer
Carcinogenesis
What are Genes?
Cancer in relation to the gene?
Definition of Cancer
Development, beginning of cancer.
Section of DNA that codes for a particular trait, characteris…
Cancer is a mutation of the gene.
Mutation to gene that controls how often a cell divides, caus…
Carcinogenesis
Development, beginning of cancer.
What are Genes?
Section of DNA that codes for a particular trait, characteris…
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
63 terms
Cancer
oncology nursing
cancer
cancer incidence
cancer mortality
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
-age is 55yrs+... -men > women (concept of lifetime risk)... -1,660…
-second leading cause of US death ... -leading cause of death af…
oncology nursing
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
cancer
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
48 terms
Cancer
cancer-associated genes
proto-oncogenes encode
activation of oncogenes can be achieve…
ErbB-2/HER2/Neu
-oncogenes-gain of function... -tumor suppressor genes - loss of…
-growth factors ... -growth factor receptors ... -signal transducti…
•activating mutations... •gene amplification... •chromosomal transl…
-encodes TRK... -activation through heterodimerization with othe…
cancer-associated genes
-oncogenes-gain of function... -tumor suppressor genes - loss of…
proto-oncogenes encode
-growth factors ... -growth factor receptors ... -signal transducti…
39 terms
Cancer
p53
Oncogene
Proto-oncogene
Tumor suppressor genes
In contrast with Rb, very little p53 protein is found in most…
An altered gene whose product can act in a dominant fashion t…
Normal gene, usually concerned with the regulation of cell pr…
A gene that prevents the cell from becoming cancerous. Loss-o…
p53
In contrast with Rb, very little p53 protein is found in most…
Oncogene
An altered gene whose product can act in a dominant fashion t…
72 terms
cancer
which cancer is the #1 cause of death…
what cancer is common w/ chewing & smo…
what are some cancer warning signs?... CA…
when and how often should a breast exa…
lung cancer
bladder cancer
C - change in bowel/bladder... A - a sore that doesn't heal... U -…
every month right after your period, at the same time each mo…
which cancer is the #1 cause of death…
lung cancer
what cancer is common w/ chewing & smo…
bladder cancer
24 terms
Cancer
Characteristics of cancer cells
Incidences and mortality of cancers
Definition of cancer
Clonal evolution
Large # of dividing cells... Large, variably shaped nuclei... - mo…
Some cancers are much more common than others; some are more…
Cells lose normal regulation of the cell cycle and cell adhes…
A tumor starts with a single mutated cell that leads to abnor…
Characteristics of cancer cells
Large # of dividing cells... Large, variably shaped nuclei... - mo…
Incidences and mortality of cancers
Some cancers are much more common than others; some are more…
31 terms
Cancer
filgrastim (Neupogen)
epoetin (Epogen, EPO, Procrit)
transplants
Biological Response Modifiers for cancer
helps body make WBC after receiving cancer therapy
stimulates bone marrow to make more RBC
bone marrow transplant ... stem cell transplant
stimulate immune system to fight cancer more effectively ... * i…
filgrastim (Neupogen)
helps body make WBC after receiving cancer therapy
epoetin (Epogen, EPO, Procrit)
stimulates bone marrow to make more RBC
12 terms
Cancer
Telomeres
Telomerase
Carcinogenesis
Metastasesis
-End of chromosomes... -At each end of every chromosome are repe…
-In the womb this is activated so shortening does not happen…
Form of cancer
Spreading of cancer
Telomeres
-End of chromosomes... -At each end of every chromosome are repe…
Telomerase
-In the womb this is activated so shortening does not happen…
83 terms
Cancer
parotid enlargement mcc
parotid tumor mcc
TNF-alpha
IL-1
mumps
pleomorphic adenoma
responsible for cachexia/shock
responsible for fever
parotid enlargement mcc
mumps
parotid tumor mcc
pleomorphic adenoma
33 terms
Cancer
das Antibiotikum Antibiotika
die Apotheke
das Medikament
das Rezept
antybiotyk
apteka
lekarstwo
recepta
das Antibiotikum Antibiotika
antybiotyk
die Apotheke
apteka
21 terms
Cancer
tuberculosis
tuberculosis
tuberculosis
tuberculosis
tuberculosis
tuberculosis
25 terms
Cancer
cancer
an uncontrolled growth of cells
a genetic disease
carcinomas
-an uncontrolled growth of cells... -a genetic disease... -a family…
healthy cells turn into the enemy... -divide too quickly or abno…
-mutations in DNA can cause normal cells to become cancerous…
from cells which protect the body from air and internal fluid…
cancer
-an uncontrolled growth of cells... -a genetic disease... -a family…
an uncontrolled growth of cells
healthy cells turn into the enemy... -divide too quickly or abno…
30 terms
Cancer
What is cancer?
Causes for cell growth
Angiogenesis
Hyperplasia
Mutations: Original plan for protein synthesis is altered... Sev…
- Increased sensitivity to growth factors... - Produce growth fa…
Formation of new blood vessels
Some tissue is enlarged because of an increased number of cells
What is cancer?
Mutations: Original plan for protein synthesis is altered... Sev…
Causes for cell growth
- Increased sensitivity to growth factors... - Produce growth fa…
24 terms
Cancer
Benign
Malignant
Characteristics
Angiogenesis
Remain at original site
Spread to new tissue... Metastasis
Unlimited cell division... Passed to progeny... Loss of density dep…
Formation of blood vessels
Benign
Remain at original site
Malignant
Spread to new tissue... Metastasis
5 terms
cancer
Psammoma bodies
lose red reflex and get white reflex o…
NF type 1, extreme case
pautrier
Psammoma bodies
lose red reflex and get white reflex o…
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
35 terms
Cancer
Neoplasm
Hyperplastic
Metaplastic
Dysplastic
-TUMOR... abnormal tissue mass, ... -uncontrolled growth:... which exc…
tissue or organ is larger due to excessive numbers of cells
-PRECANCEROUS... one type of normal cell layer is displaced by a…
cells appear abnormal in cytological screen
Neoplasm
-TUMOR... abnormal tissue mass, ... -uncontrolled growth:... which exc…
Hyperplastic
tissue or organ is larger due to excessive numbers of cells
15 terms
Cancer
Angiogenesis
Metastasis
Mitosis
Etiology of cancer
Chemical signal sent by cell to recieve blood supply.
Migration of cancerous cells
signal sent to start cell division. (does not apply to cancer…
changes to DNA = altered genes = mutated cell/tumor (benign o…
Angiogenesis
Chemical signal sent by cell to recieve blood supply.
Metastasis
Migration of cancerous cells
544 terms
Cancer
The nurse is giving a group presentati…
The nurse is teaching a 47-year-old wo…
A 72-year-old client recovering from l…
The nurse reviews the chart of a clien…
D. "I need to report the pain going down my legs to my health…
A. "My mother and grandmother had breast cancer, so I am at r…
D. Advancing age... Advancing age is the single most important…
B. "The brain tumor measures about 1 to 2 cm and shows no reg…
The nurse is giving a group presentati…
D. "I need to report the pain going down my legs to my health…
The nurse is teaching a 47-year-old wo…
A. "My mother and grandmother had breast cancer, so I am at r…
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
120 terms
Cancer
Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
Familial adenomatous polyposis
Ras
Familial neurofibromatosis type 1
Autosomal dominant disorder. Defect in one p53 allele.
Autosomal dominant disorder, resulting in colon cancer. Defec…
Single point mutation found in 30% of cancers. Most common on…
GAP mutation. Fails to catalyze Ras to turn itself off.
Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
Autosomal dominant disorder. Defect in one p53 allele.
Familial adenomatous polyposis
Autosomal dominant disorder, resulting in colon cancer. Defec…
67 terms
Cancer
Tumour
Neoplasm
Benign
Malignant
(Swelling)... An abnormal mass of tissue (solid or liquid filled…
Abnormal mass of tissue, the growth of which exceeds and is u…
Are not cancer... Remain localised to the tissue from which they…
Are cancer... Become detached and extend through adjacent tissue…
Tumour
(Swelling)... An abnormal mass of tissue (solid or liquid filled…
Neoplasm
Abnormal mass of tissue, the growth of which exceeds and is u…
50 terms
Cancer
Proto-oncogene
Tumor Suppressor
Retinoblastoma (Rb)
E2F
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor that binds and inhibits E2F
Transcription factor for S-phase genes. Needed to pass Restri…
Proto-oncogene
Gene that promotes cell division or inhibits apoptosis. Becom…
Tumor Suppressor
Gene that inhibits cell division or promotes apoptosis. Becom…
28 terms
Cancer
Types of tumors
Cancer as micro-evolution
Malignant tumor
Benign tumor
- carcinoma (derived from epithelial cells)... - sarcoma (derive…
- somatic cells are fated to die... - cancer cells derive from a…
- uncontrolled growth... - invasion... - colonizes new territory (m…
- proliferate in defiance of normal social controls aka UNCON…
Types of tumors
- carcinoma (derived from epithelial cells)... - sarcoma (derive…
Cancer as micro-evolution
- somatic cells are fated to die... - cancer cells derive from a…
36 terms
Cancer
cancer
benign cancer
malignant cancer
metastasis
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
cancer that spreads around the body... grows beyond size of beni…
describes the spreading of malignant tumors through blood
cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
benign cancer
does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts o…
12 terms
CANCER
九月
十二
jiǔyuè september
yuè month
shí'èr twelve
hào measure word
九月
jiǔyuè september
yuè month
16 terms
Cancer
Neoplasm
Benign Growth
Malignant Growth
Metastasis
Abnormal mass of dividing cells (a type of tumor)
Localized, compact growth (good) may have capsule around it
Cancer: Uncontrolled growth w/ no capsule -- Cells behave pri…
Spread of cancer throughout body
Neoplasm
Abnormal mass of dividing cells (a type of tumor)
Benign Growth
Localized, compact growth (good) may have capsule around it
101 terms
Cancer
Difference between Tumor and Cancer
What are the four cancer types?
Oncogene vs Proto-Oncogene
ERB/HER1
Cancer is a malignant tumor... Tumor is abnormal mass of maligna…
Carcinoma (in situ or invasive)- Epithelial cells... Sarcomas (r…
Proto-Oncogene- A protein that normally promotes proliferatio…
Codes for EGFR... SCC-Lung Cancer
Difference between Tumor and Cancer
Cancer is a malignant tumor... Tumor is abnormal mass of maligna…
What are the four cancer types?
Carcinoma (in situ or invasive)- Epithelial cells... Sarcomas (r…
30 terms
Cancer
Cancer behaviors
Carcinomas
Sarcomas
Lymphomaa
Continue to reproduce... Ignore cell signals for contact inhibit…
Endodermal or ectodermal, epithelial lining of organs and gla…
Mesodermal connective tissue... Sarcoma refers to cancer that o…
Lymphoid tissue... Lymphomas develop in the glands or nodes of t…
Cancer behaviors
Continue to reproduce... Ignore cell signals for contact inhibit…
Carcinomas
Endodermal or ectodermal, epithelial lining of organs and gla…
122 terms
Cancer
Most common cancer for male
Most common cancer for female
most common for both
What is equilibrium of cells
prostate
breast
colon cancer
ability to regenerate at an equal rate of death of cells
Most common cancer for male
prostate
Most common cancer for female
breast
18 terms
Cancer
Describe Cancer:
Metastasis
3 Routes of metastasis:
Cancer classification:
Cancer is a neoplastic disorder that can involve all body org…
cancer cells move from their original location to other sites
local seeding - distribution of shed cancer cells occurs in t…
Solid tumors: associated with the organs from which they deve…
Describe Cancer:
Cancer is a neoplastic disorder that can involve all body org…
Metastasis
cancer cells move from their original location to other sites
126 terms
Cancer
#1 killer Cancer
#2 in women
#2 in men
1/3 rd of cancer caused by
Lung Cancer
breast cancer
prostate
tobacco
#1 killer Cancer
Lung Cancer
#2 in women
breast cancer
98 terms
Cancer
Oncogene
Growth factors
Growth factor receptors
G proteins
Mutant versions of proto-oncogenes that function without a re…
Platelet derived growth factor ... Insulin like growht factor ... p…
human epideral growth factor 2 ... ERBB2
RAS (30% of all cancers, half of all colon)
Oncogene
Mutant versions of proto-oncogenes that function without a re…
Growth factors
Platelet derived growth factor ... Insulin like growht factor ... p…
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