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Study sets matching "cancer"

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Study sets matching "cancer"

30 terms
Cancer
Cancer behaviors
Carcinomas
Sarcomas
Lymphomaa
Continue to reproduce... Ignore cell signals for contact inhibit…
Endodermal or ectodermal, epithelial lining of organs and gla…
Mesodermal connective tissue... Sarcoma refers to cancer that o…
Lymphoid tissue... Lymphomas develop in the glands or nodes of t…
Cancer behaviors
Continue to reproduce... Ignore cell signals for contact inhibit…
Carcinomas
Endodermal or ectodermal, epithelial lining of organs and gla…
34 terms
cancer
Pancytopenia
Leukopenia
Anemia
Thrombocytopenia
deficiency of all blood cells (red, white, and platelets)
deficiency of white cells
hemoglobin of 6 or 7
platelets- Bleeding
Pancytopenia
deficiency of all blood cells (red, white, and platelets)
Leukopenia
deficiency of white cells
122 terms
Cancer
Most common cancer for male
Most common cancer for female
most common for both
What is equilibrium of cells
prostate
breast
colon cancer
ability to regenerate at an equal rate of death of cells
Most common cancer for male
prostate
Most common cancer for female
breast
61 terms
Cancer
neoplasia
differentiation
anaplasia
metastasis
What is the formation or presence of a new, abnormal growth o…
What is the specialization process by which cells turn into t…
What is lack of or loss of cell differentiation (cells don't…
What is spreading of the cells to different parts of the body?
neoplasia
What is the formation or presence of a new, abnormal growth o…
differentiation
What is the specialization process by which cells turn into t…
16 terms
Cancer
cancer
mutation
tumor
surgery
disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontrollab…
change in a gene or chromosome
mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells div…
treatment where tumor and surrounding cells are removed
cancer
disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontrollab…
mutation
change in a gene or chromosome
18 terms
Cancer
Describe Cancer:
Metastasis
3 Routes of metastasis:
Cancer classification:
Cancer is a neoplastic disorder that can involve all body org…
cancer cells move from their original location to other sites
local seeding - distribution of shed cancer cells occurs in t…
Solid tumors: associated with the organs from which they deve…
Describe Cancer:
Cancer is a neoplastic disorder that can involve all body org…
Metastasis
cancer cells move from their original location to other sites
10 terms
cancer
legacy
invaluable
assist
ingenuity
legacy
invaluable
63 terms
Cancer
oncology nursing
cancer
cancer incidence
cancer mortality
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
-age is 55yrs+... -men > women (concept of lifetime risk)... -1,660…
-second leading cause of US death ... -leading cause of death af…
oncology nursing
-modeling and rolemodeling ... -listen and let the patient know…
cancer
A malignant disease characterized by:... -a series of cellular,…
49 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Dysplasia to a neoplasm
Benign and malignant
Benign
Uncontrolled cell growth
Malformation to a new growth
Types of neoplasms
Tumor that is slow-growing, has well-defined borders, not met…
Cancer
Uncontrolled cell growth
Dysplasia to a neoplasm
Malformation to a new growth
98 terms
Cancer
Oncogene
Growth factors
Growth factor receptors
G proteins
Mutant versions of proto-oncogenes that function without a re…
Platelet derived growth factor ... Insulin like growht factor ... p…
human epideral growth factor 2 ... ERBB2
RAS (30% of all cancers, half of all colon)
Oncogene
Mutant versions of proto-oncogenes that function without a re…
Growth factors
Platelet derived growth factor ... Insulin like growht factor ... p…
61 terms
Cancer
what is cancer
top 3 cancer men likely to get
top 3 cancer women likely to get
top 4 cancer men likely to die from
-cells must acquire multiple mutation(4-7) for malignant tran…
1. prostate ... 2. lung ... 3. colorectal 肠
1. breast ... 2. lung ... 3. colorectal
1. lung ... 2. prostate ... 3. colorectal ... 4. pancreatic
what is cancer
-cells must acquire multiple mutation(4-7) for malignant tran…
top 3 cancer men likely to get
1. prostate ... 2. lung ... 3. colorectal 肠
126 terms
Cancer
#1 killer Cancer
#2 in women
#2 in men
1/3 rd of cancer caused by
Lung Cancer
breast cancer
prostate
tobacco
#1 killer Cancer
Lung Cancer
#2 in women
breast cancer
25 terms
Cancer
Cancer
HPV
Tumor
Malignant
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
human papilloma virus
Cells that divide in to a clusters of tissue.
Cancerous...to cause harm
Cancer
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
HPV
human papilloma virus
13 terms
cancer
carcinoma
sarcoma
leukemia
lymphoma
cancer of the cells that covers the internal and external sur…
cancer of the cells of the connective tissue (bones , muscles )
neoplasm of blood cells
cancer of lymph nodes and lymph tissue ( burkitt's lymphoma i…
carcinoma
cancer of the cells that covers the internal and external sur…
sarcoma
cancer of the cells of the connective tissue (bones , muscles )
50 terms
Cancer
cancer
tumor
benign (versa is malignant)
Benign tumors
Diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and a…
Also referred to as a neoplasm—new growth
grow slowly... well-organized... not invasive... well differentiated... l…
Named according to the tissues from which they arise and incl…
cancer
Diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and a…
tumor
Also referred to as a neoplasm—new growth
51 terms
Cancer
Modify the environment to protect pati…
ANEMIAS... neutropenia - suppression of c…
Protect yourself and others from cytot…
Preventing Injury or Bleeding
neutropenia - suppression of cells... thrombocytopenia - lack of…
-patients with anemia may be short of breath (lack of cells =…
...
• Use an electric shaver.... • soft-bristled toothbrush.... • NO de…
Modify the environment to protect pati…
neutropenia - suppression of cells... thrombocytopenia - lack of…
ANEMIAS... neutropenia - suppression of c…
-patients with anemia may be short of breath (lack of cells =…
31 terms
Cancer
steps in carcinogenesis
Hallmarks of cancer
Cell growth autonomy
Evasion of growth inhibitory signals
Intitiaton ... Promotion... Progression
-Evasion of apoptosis... -Growth signal autonomy... -evasion of gro…
cancer cells not dependent on normal growth factor signaling…
acquired mutations of gene silencing disrupt stop signaling t…
steps in carcinogenesis
Intitiaton ... Promotion... Progression
Hallmarks of cancer
-Evasion of apoptosis... -Growth signal autonomy... -evasion of gro…
94 terms
Cancer
5% is genetic, 95% is environment (ex:…
Tumor - any mass or swelling; serve no…
Localized, pre-invasive (possibly pre-…
process by which normal cells undergo…
% split between genetic and environmental causes of cancer: ~
Tumor vs Cancer. any mass or swelling; serve no useful purpos…
In situ:
Differentiation and cells that normally undergo it:
5% is genetic, 95% is environment (ex:…
% split between genetic and environmental causes of cancer: ~
Tumor - any mass or swelling; serve no…
Tumor vs Cancer. any mass or swelling; serve no useful purpos…
42 terms
Cancer
Aneuploidy
What causes cancer?
Mutation causes
BRCA- 1,2
abnormal number of chromosomes
mutations lead to uncontrolled proliferation of cells
inherited DNA mutations... exposure to chemical carcinogens, UV…
breast prostate cancer... defect in repair by homologous recomb…
Aneuploidy
abnormal number of chromosomes
What causes cancer?
mutations lead to uncontrolled proliferation of cells
Cancer
Action of traditional chemotherapeutics
Methotrexate
Cell contact inhibition
dysplastic mucosa
block DNA synthesis; targets rapidly dividing cells
blocks folic acid metabolism (de novo synthesis of dNTPs)
cells reaching neighbor stop dividing and stop migrating
early signs of cancer
Action of traditional chemotherapeutics
block DNA synthesis; targets rapidly dividing cells
Methotrexate
blocks folic acid metabolism (de novo synthesis of dNTPs)
8 terms
Cancer
Sustaining proliferative signaling
Evading growth suppressors
Resisting cell death
Enabling replicative immortality
they keep signaling to divide
they ignore growth inhibiting signals
they ignore signals telling them to die
they retain the ability to divide
Sustaining proliferative signaling
they keep signaling to divide
Evading growth suppressors
they ignore growth inhibiting signals
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Malignant
Benign
Carcinogens
Result from where normal differentiation of cells go wrong.... A…
Tumour cells which are able to spread to other parts of the b…
Tumour cells which aren't able to spread to other parts of th…
Cancer causing agent.... - Ultraviolet (UV) radiation... - X-rays…
Cancer
Result from where normal differentiation of cells go wrong.... A…
Malignant
Tumour cells which are able to spread to other parts of the b…
57 terms
cancer
osteochondroma
osteochondroma
osteochondroma
...
osteochondroma
osteochondroma
46 terms
Cancer
Chromosome
Centromere
Chromatid
Telomere
-DNA and its associated proteins in its visible coil form... -ma…
-Attachment point of 2 chromatids in a chromosome
-2 identical parts in a chromosome... (2 chromatids = 1 chromoso…
-The end of the chromosome
Chromosome
-DNA and its associated proteins in its visible coil form... -ma…
Centromere
-Attachment point of 2 chromatids in a chromosome
48 terms
Cancer
mutation in the gene that controls cel…
carcinogen
antioxidant
true
how does cancer develop
something that causes cancer
works against anti-radicals/carcinogens
true/false? we all have cancer inside us right now
mutation in the gene that controls cel…
how does cancer develop
carcinogen
something that causes cancer
Cancer
Proliferation
Differentiation
Cellular proliferation
Undifferentiated
a rapid growth/reproduction; multiplying
change; functioning different than original state; epigenetic…
new, daughter cells divided from parent cells; most via mitos…
Stem cells- have potential to mature into specific cells
Proliferation
a rapid growth/reproduction; multiplying
Differentiation
change; functioning different than original state; epigenetic…
10 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Colon Cancer
A disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and d…
A cancer in a man's prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland tha…
A cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
A cancer of the colon or rectum, located at the digestive tra…
Cancer
A disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and d…
Prostate Cancer
A cancer in a man's prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland tha…
Cancer
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Which cancer is rising faster than any…
Cancer is high in what gender and ethn…
decreased
Increased
Melanoma
Men and African Americans
Incidence of lung, colorectal, and ora…
decreased
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma and skin cancer…
Increased
22 terms
Cancer
How much cancer is curable with chemo?
Carcinogen identification and avoidanc…
Controversy in screenings in which 3 t…
Surgery as treatment requires ____ dia…
2%
smoking and asbestos
breast, GI, cervical
early
How much cancer is curable with chemo?
2%
Carcinogen identification and avoidanc…
smoking and asbestos
150 terms
Cancer
mitosis
hypertrophy
hyperplasia
neoplasia
cell division/cell growth
growth that causes tissue to increase in size by enlarging ea…
growth that causes tissue to increase in size by increasing t…
any new of continued cell growth not needed for normal develo…
mitosis
cell division/cell growth
hypertrophy
growth that causes tissue to increase in size by enlarging ea…
10 terms
Cancer
Types of Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy compartment
Ionization radiation
Single-agent chemotherapy... Combination chemotherapy... Principle…
- Use of nonselective cytotoxic drugs that target vital *ce…
1: cells undergoing mitosis and cytokinesis... 2: cells capable…
Damages cells by imparting enough ionizing radiation to cause…
Types of Chemotherapy
Single-agent chemotherapy... Combination chemotherapy... Principle…
Chemotherapy
- Use of nonselective cytotoxic drugs that target vital *ce…
17 terms
Cancer
Benign
Malignant
Metastasize
Carcinoma
tumors that are not cancerous
tumors that are cancer
spreading of cancer cells
cancer beginning in lining or in an organ
Benign
tumors that are not cancerous
Malignant
tumors that are cancer
17 terms
Cancer
apoptosis
cell cycle checkpoints
three checkpoints in cancer
contact inhibition
programmed cell death... -normal feature of healthy organisms... -c…
proteins direct cells... -to proceed in cell cycle... or... -to stop a…
G1: check cell size... G2: check DNA replication ... Metaphase: che…
most mammal cells form a single layer and stop dividing once…
apoptosis
programmed cell death... -normal feature of healthy organisms... -c…
cell cycle checkpoints
proteins direct cells... -to proceed in cell cycle... or... -to stop a…
20 terms
Cancer
Hyperplasia
Neoplasia
Tumor:
Benign:
excessive growth...
abnormal excessive growth
defined mass due to hyperplasia or neoplasia
none hamrful
Hyperplasia
excessive growth...
Neoplasia
abnormal excessive growth
9 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
Malignant
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
A tumor that is not cancerous.
Any tumor that is cancerous and has the potential of spreadin…
Cancer
A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal, uncontrolled…
Tumor
Mass of cells that continue to grow and divide without any ob…
85 terms
Cancer
cancer
physiology of cancer cells
carcinogenesis
transformation
a group of diseases characterised by unregulated growth of ma…
evade growth suppressors, avoid immune destruction, enabling…
multistep process of transformation of a normal cell to a can…
conversion of one cell phenotype to another
cancer
a group of diseases characterised by unregulated growth of ma…
physiology of cancer cells
evade growth suppressors, avoid immune destruction, enabling…
34 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Warning signs of cancer
Smoking
Manifestations of Cancer
- uncontrolled, unregulated cell growth... - affects all ages, p…
- change in bowel/bladder habits... - sore doesn't heal... - unusua…
- talk to patient every time
- Lymphadenopathy... - Fever... - Anorexia... - Cachexia... - Palpable ma…
Cancer
- uncontrolled, unregulated cell growth... - affects all ages, p…
Warning signs of cancer
- change in bowel/bladder habits... - sore doesn't heal... - unusua…
cancer
Cancer
MRI
Tumor
Chemotherapy
Cancer is formed by rapid multiplying of the cells,and the ce…
Magnectic Resonance Imaging
Tumors are formed by Abnormal Growth of the Tissue or injuries.
The treat of disease,used with Chemical Substances.
Cancer
Cancer is formed by rapid multiplying of the cells,and the ce…
MRI
Magnectic Resonance Imaging
122 terms
Cancer
People at risk for cancer:
Anaplasia
Autonomy
Density- dependent growth inhibition
Carcinogens... Genetic- BRCA 1 & 2... Immune response failure (karp…
cells change and don't look like parents
cells normally work together....but cancer cells go out and d…
when the space is occupied cells tend to slow growth, BUT can…
People at risk for cancer:
Carcinogens... Genetic- BRCA 1 & 2... Immune response failure (karp…
Anaplasia
cells change and don't look like parents
10 terms
Cancer
cancer
tumor
benign tumor
malignant tumor
a disease characterized by the rapid and uncontrolled growth…
a mass of abnormal cells
a tumor that is not cancerous
a tumor that is cancerous
cancer
a disease characterized by the rapid and uncontrolled growth…
tumor
a mass of abnormal cells
25 terms
Cancer
Carcinoma
Sarcoma
Chondroma
Lymphoma
cancer in an organ/epithelial tissue (skin/tissue lining in o…
connective tissue (bones, muscles, tendons, cartilage, nerves…
cartilage
lymphatic tissue
Carcinoma
cancer in an organ/epithelial tissue (skin/tissue lining in o…
Sarcoma
connective tissue (bones, muscles, tendons, cartilage, nerves…
20 terms
Cancer
Cancer
Reproduce
Tumor
Benign
Cells that grow to fast or uncontrollably
Doing over or again
Cells that create a bump or Mass
Cells that create Mass
Cancer
Cells that grow to fast or uncontrollably
Reproduce
Doing over or again
164 terms
Cancer
Neoplasm
Tumor
Cancer
Oncology
new growth... heritable
Swelling... neoplasm
malignant tumor
study of tumors
Neoplasm
new growth... heritable
Tumor
Swelling... neoplasm
36 terms
cancer
Most epithelial malignancies are either:
Squamous, basal and transitional cell…
Adenocarcinomas
Squamous Epithelium
adenocarcinomas or squamous cell carcinomas
- develop from surface epithelial cells that line... and protect…
-develop from deeper... specialized (glandular) epithelial cells…
- Mature dead and dying... flattened cells (squamous... keratinocyt…
Most epithelial malignancies are either:
adenocarcinomas or squamous cell carcinomas
Squamous, basal and transitional cell…
- develop from surface epithelial cells that line... and protect…
14 terms
Cancer
cancer
possible causes of cancer
Is the cell cycle controlled or uncont…
Hallmarks of cancer
a genetic disease that leads to the uncontrolled proliferatio…
-Mutations in somatic cells can lead to cancer ... -Mutations th…
controlled
cancer
a genetic disease that leads to the uncontrolled proliferatio…
possible causes of cancer
-Mutations in somatic cells can lead to cancer ... -Mutations th…
34 terms
cancer
define neoplasm
difference between benign and malignan…
name of cancer originating in mesenchy…
name of cancer originating in haematop…
a state of cancerous growth
benign - encapsulated, low mitotic rate, non-invasive, non-me…
sarcoma
leukaemia/lymphoma/myeloma
define neoplasm
a state of cancerous growth
difference between benign and malignan…
benign - encapsulated, low mitotic rate, non-invasive, non-me…
1,051 terms
cancer
ジュ、きょうじゅ
ホツ、ハツ、はっけん
シャ、もの
ゴウ、ギョウ、じゅぎょう
ジュ、きょうじゅ
ホツ、ハツ、はっけん
10 terms
CANCER
CANCER
CAUSES OF CANCER
FIGHTING CANCER
TUMOR
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
1. Self-examination and early detection... 2. Life style changes…
Mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells div…
CANCER
Malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled…
CAUSES OF CANCER
1. Genetic predisposition ... 2. Viral cancer... 3. Radiation... 4. Ch…
50 terms
Cancer
Viruses that can cause cancer
Epstein Barr
HIV/AIDS
Hep B
Epstein Barr... HIV/AIDS... Hep B... Human pathalova (HPV)
causes burkitts lymphoma
causes kaposa sarcoma
causes Heptacellular carcinoma
Viruses that can cause cancer
Epstein Barr... HIV/AIDS... Hep B... Human pathalova (HPV)
Epstein Barr
causes burkitts lymphoma
28 terms
Cancer
Neoplasms
Oncology
Oncologist
Carcinogens
New growth/New tissue
The study and treatment of cancer/tumors
Specialist dealing with the treatment of cancer
Agents from the environment that can cause damage to DNA and…
Neoplasms
New growth/New tissue
Oncology
The study and treatment of cancer/tumors
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