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Study sets matching "carbohydrates biology"

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Study sets matching "carbohydrates biology"

9 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
What is an example Sugar?
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
What is an example of two sugars stuck…
What is the function of Sucrose?
glucose.
It makes chemical reactions.
Sucrose.
Stores as energy.
What is an example Sugar?
glucose.
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
It makes chemical reactions.
9 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
glucose
starch
iodine
Benedict's solution
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
a very large molecule; a carbohydrate that is the main source…
turns purple in the presence of starch
turns yellow or orange in presence of glucose
glucose
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
starch
a very large molecule; a carbohydrate that is the main source…
13 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
monosaccharide monomers are linked together to form disacchar…
gluclose, fructose, galactose, ribose
maltose, sucrose, lactose
starch, glycogen
carbohydrate
monosaccharide monomers are linked together to form disacchar…
monosaccharides
gluclose, fructose, galactose, ribose
13 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Condensation reaction
Glycosidic bond
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
A chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
The bond between sugars.
Monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Disaccharide
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
39 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
single molecule
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
monomer of carbohydrate
polymer of carbohydrate
Monomer
single molecule
Polymer
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
13 terms
A Level Biology - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Condensation reaction
Glycosidic bond
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
A chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
The bond between sugars.
Monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Disaccharide
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
14 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
What does alpha glucose look like?
What does beta glucose look like?
What is a reducing sugar?
What is the test for a reducing sugar?
The OH on the right is at the bottom
The OH on the right is at the top
A sugar that can donate electrons to another chemical, which…
When a reducing sugar is heated with Benedict's reagent, it f…
What does alpha glucose look like?
The OH on the right is at the bottom
What does beta glucose look like?
The OH on the right is at the top
35 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Organic molecules
Function of Carbohydrate
Types of organic molecules
macromolecule made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
cell containing carbon + at least one functional group
Transport Energy
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
Carbohydrate
macromolecule made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Organic molecules
cell containing carbon + at least one functional group
23 terms
biology - carbohydrates
Macromolecule#1
monomer
Starches (complex carbs)
Sugars (simple carbs)-
carbohydrates (sugars and starches)... Made of: C,H,O ... Buildin…
Building Block monosaccharide (aka simple sugar)... Monosacchari…
bread, pasta, rice
fruit, vegetables, candy
Macromolecule#1
carbohydrates (sugars and starches)... Made of: C,H,O ... Buildin…
monomer
Building Block monosaccharide (aka simple sugar)... Monosacchari…
18 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Carbohydrase
Simplest Carbs
Mono
saccharides
Breaks down carbohydrates
MONOSACCHARIDES
Single
sugars
Carbohydrase
Breaks down carbohydrates
Simplest Carbs
MONOSACCHARIDES
biology Carbohydrates
biochemistry
inorganic compounds
ex of inorganic compound
exception of an example of an inorgani…
the study of the chemistry of living things
compounds that do not contain C
salt, water acids, bases, carbon dioxide
carbon dioxide
biochemistry
the study of the chemistry of living things
inorganic compounds
compounds that do not contain C
34 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
single molecule
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
monomer of carbohydrate
polymer of carbohydrate
Monomer
single molecule
Polymer
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
16 terms
Carbohydrates Biology I
monomer
polymer
organic
dehydration synthesis
small building block of larger macromolecules
complex molecule made from many repeating subunits
compounds that always contain carbon
monomer
small building block of larger macromolecules
polymer
complex molecule made from many repeating subunits
14 terms
biology carbohydrates
molecule
polymer
monomer
monosaccharide
formed through covalent bonds
made up of individual monomers
simple sugar with 1
the monomer of a carbohydrate
molecule
formed through covalent bonds
polymer
made up of individual monomers
13 terms
Biology; carbohydrates
Monomer of a carbohydrate
what is a monosaccharide?
two examples of monosaccharides
what are disaccharides?
single sugar
1 sugar
glucose, fructose
two sugars bonded together
Monomer of a carbohydrate
single sugar
what is a monosaccharide?
1 sugar
13 terms
Biology carbohydrates
Compontents
Structure
Ratio
Monomer "single unit"
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Straight chains or rings of carbon
1:2:1
Monosaccharide
Compontents
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Structure
Straight chains or rings of carbon
14 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
Chemical makeup
#1 function
#2 function
Glycogen
1:2:1 Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen
Energy source (quick energy to move, grow and make repairs)
Dietary fiber (helps digestive system and decreases cancer)
Excess sugar stored with the muscle (short term)... -In animals
Chemical makeup
1:2:1 Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen
#1 function
Energy source (quick energy to move, grow and make repairs)
17 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Polymers
Condensation reaction
Monomers
Hydrolysis reaction
Large molecules, made from joining many monomers together.
Joins two monomer units together with the removal of one wate…
Small, identical or similar molecules, which can be joined to…
Adding one molecule of water to break the bond between two mo…
Polymers
Large molecules, made from joining many monomers together.
Condensation reaction
Joins two monomer units together with the removal of one wate…
34 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Name 4 macromolecules
Carbohydrates are known as
Single building block
3 or more monomers
Carbohydrates lipids proteins nuclei can acids
Sugars
Monomer
Single building block
Polymer
3 or more monomers
9 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
What is an example Sugar?
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
What is an example of two sugars stuck…
What is the function of Sucrose?
glucose.
It makes chemical reactions.
Sucrose.
Stores as energy.
What is an example Sugar?
glucose.
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
It makes chemical reactions.
17 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Isomer
Disaccharide
A biological molecule containing only carbon, hydrogen and ox…
A single sugar molecule. A simple sugar.
Molecules with the same formula but different structures allo…
Two sugars joined together by a glycosidic bond.
Carbohydrate
A biological molecule containing only carbon, hydrogen and ox…
Monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule. A simple sugar.
36 terms
Biology carbohydrates
Organic
Inorganic
4
Gain loose and share
Carbon bonds
Non carbon based (water)
How many valence electrons does Carbon have
Carbon molecules can do what?
Organic
Carbon bonds
Inorganic
Non carbon based (water)
25 terms
Biology:Carbohydrates
What do living things use carbohydrate…
Which sugar is broken down for immedia…
Extra sugar can be stored by many orga…
What three elements do carbohydrates c…
Source of immediate energy in cells ... Energy storage; plants a…
Glucose
Starch- plants ... Glycogen- animals
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
What do living things use carbohydrate…
Source of immediate energy in cells ... Energy storage; plants a…
Which sugar is broken down for immedia…
Glucose
23 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
autotrophs
heterotrophs
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
carbohydrates
organisms that can make their own food
organisms that have to get their energy from other sources
the elements that make up carbohydrates
provides the quickest energy yield among the three main molec…
autotrophs
organisms that can make their own food
heterotrophs
organisms that have to get their energy from other sources
21 terms
Biology : Carbohydrates
Why is sucrose classified as a carbohy…
Explain why sucrose will produce a pos…
Explain how proteins are suited for th…
Explain why glucose and maltose both t…
Carbon + hydrogen and oxygen in 2: 1 ratio/same proportions... a…
Needs to be hydrolysed/glycosidic bond broken; ... Product is a…
Many different sorts of proteins;... Different primary structure…
Glucose and maltose soluble/starch insoluble;
Why is sucrose classified as a carbohy…
Carbon + hydrogen and oxygen in 2: 1 ratio/same proportions... a…
Explain why sucrose will produce a pos…
Needs to be hydrolysed/glycosidic bond broken; ... Product is a…
36 terms
biology - carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Structural isomers
Condensation
Hydrolysis
composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen elements in the ratio…
chemicals that share the same molecular formula but differ in…
a reaction where a molecule of water is lost (covalent bonds…
a reaction where water is added
Carbohydrate
composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen elements in the ratio…
Structural isomers
chemicals that share the same molecular formula but differ in…
11 terms
Biology-carbohydrates
Monosacchatrides
Disaccharides
Polyaccharides
Lipids
Are a single sugar molecule such as glucose, ribose, deoxyrib…
Contain two monosaccharides joined by dehydration... - Lactose i…
Are polymers of monosaccharides.... - Polysaccharides as energy…
Also know as fats. Insoluble in water. Long chains of repeati…
Monosacchatrides
Are a single sugar molecule such as glucose, ribose, deoxyrib…
Disaccharides
Contain two monosaccharides joined by dehydration... - Lactose i…
Biology Carbohydrates
Made of
Source of
Monosaccharide
Glucose
CHO
Immediate energy
1:2:1 ratio of C:H:O
Is the simplest sugar-that provides energy go cells
Made of
CHO
Source of
Immediate energy
20 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
A Catabolic reaction is....
An anabolic reaction is.....
Condensation reaction ...
Hydrolysis reaction.....
the breaking of larger molecules into smaller e.g. digestion
the building of smaller molecules into larger ones e.g. muscles
A water molecule is released, a new covalent bond is formed,…
A water molecule is used, a covalent bond is broken, smaller…
A Catabolic reaction is....
the breaking of larger molecules into smaller e.g. digestion
An anabolic reaction is.....
the building of smaller molecules into larger ones e.g. muscles
10 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
What 3 elements can you find in a carb?
A monomer of a carb is called a __.
What are 3 examples of monosaccharides?
What is glucose?
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
monosaccharide
glucose, fructose, and galactose
A main source of energy for cells
What 3 elements can you find in a carb?
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
A monomer of a carb is called a __.
monosaccharide
27 terms
Carbohydrates - Biology
carbon
water
CH20
2 1
carbo = _________
hyrdo = _________
formula for carbohydrates
for every 1 carbon there is __ hydrogens and __ oxygen
carbon
carbo = _________
water
hyrdo = _________
21 terms
Carbohydrates Biology
Sucrose
Lactose
Maltose
Four major classes of macromolecules f…
Glucose + fructose
Glucose + galactose
Glucose + glucose
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Sucrose
Glucose + fructose
Lactose
Glucose + galactose
8 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Biologica macromolecule. Ratio of carbon to hydrogen and to o…
A single unit or monomer of carbohydrates... Carbonyl: the funct…
Two sugar monomers hat are linked together by a glycosidic bo…
A long chain of monosaccharides. ... Polymer for carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Biologica macromolecule. Ratio of carbon to hydrogen and to o…
Monosaccharide
A single unit or monomer of carbohydrates... Carbonyl: the funct…
13 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Energy
Simple sugars that act as building blo…
Hexagon
A pair of monosaccharides bound together
What are carbs used for?
What are monosaccharides?
What shape is glucose represented by?
What are disaccharides?
Energy
What are carbs used for?
Simple sugars that act as building blo…
What are monosaccharides?
9 terms
Biology (Carbohydrates)
Monomer
Polymer
Condensation reaction
Hydrolysis
small simple molecules
multiple monomers
a reaction used to join monomers to form polymers and release…
a reaction where water is used to split polymers into monomers
Monomer
small simple molecules
Polymer
multiple monomers
55 terms
Biology- carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
small, sweet, soluble in water, form c…
six
alpha and beta
three elements which make up a carbohydrate
monosaccharides
carbons in glucose
2 types of glucose
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
three elements which make up a carbohydrate
small, sweet, soluble in water, form c…
monosaccharides
17 terms
Carbohydrates - Biology
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monosaccharides (Function)
Monosaccharides (Details)
How polymers are built (H2O is removed to form covalent bond)
How polymers are broken (H2O is added to break covalent bond)
monomer of Carbohydrates
Made up of Glucose & Fructose; Give major nutrients to the ce…
Dehydration Synthesis
How polymers are built (H2O is removed to form covalent bond)
Hydrolysis
How polymers are broken (H2O is added to break covalent bond)
10 terms
biology carbohydrates
what elements make up carbohydrates
single sugars
monosaccharides features
double sugars
Hydrogen... Oxygen... Carbon
monosaccharides... ring shaped... eg glucose
sweet tasting... soluble in water
disaccharides... two monosaccharides joined together by bond... e.g…
what elements make up carbohydrates
Hydrogen... Oxygen... Carbon
single sugars
monosaccharides... ring shaped... eg glucose
22 terms
Biology- carbohydrates
Test for reducing sugars
What does the right side of a alpha gl…
What does the right side of a m beta g…
Carbohydrates are ______ molecules
Benedicts test. When a reducing sugar is heated with benedict…
H at top... OH at bottom
OH at top... H at bottom
Carbon
Test for reducing sugars
Benedicts test. When a reducing sugar is heated with benedict…
What does the right side of a alpha gl…
H at top... OH at bottom
11 terms
Biology, carbohydrates
a substance made up of repeating linke…
sugar unit, saccharide unit
rings rather than straight chain struc…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
what is a polymer
what is the monomer of carbohydrate
in solution, what is the shape of a carbohydrate?
what is a carbohydrate made of and what is the ratio
a substance made up of repeating linke…
what is a polymer
sugar unit, saccharide unit
what is the monomer of carbohydrate
25 terms
Carbohydrates- biology
Reducing sugar
Test for starch
Test for a reducing sugar
Test for a non-reducing sugar
Has a reducing group that can convert CuSO4 to Cu2O in Benedi…
Iodine solution brown to blue/black
Benedict's and boil at 85C blue to brick red
Benedict's and hydrolyse acid (heat) and neutralise and Bened…
Reducing sugar
Has a reducing group that can convert CuSO4 to Cu2O in Benedi…
Test for starch
Iodine solution brown to blue/black
16 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Example of monosaccharides
Simplest form of carbohydrates
2 monosaccharides
Many monosaccharides in a long chain
Alpha glucose, beta glucose, fructose
Monosaccharide
Simplest form of carbohydrates
Disaccharide
2 monosaccharides
9 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
What is the shape of carbohydrates?
What are carbohydrates made of?
What is the purpose of carbohydrates?
What are the types of carbohydrates?
ring
sugar molecules (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen)
main fuel for cellular work
1. Monosacchrides... 2. Disacchrides... 3. Polysacchrides
What is the shape of carbohydrates?
ring
What are carbohydrates made of?
sugar molecules (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen)
23 terms
Biology : carbohydrates
What is a carbohydrate
What is a monomer
What is a polymer
What reaction links monomers together
A molecule made up of one or more carbon rings (sugar)
one sugar
many sugars
Glycoside linkage
What is a carbohydrate
A molecule made up of one or more carbon rings (sugar)
What is a monomer
one sugar
29 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
Lipid bond
Carbohydrate bond
Protein bond
a-glucose + a-glucose
Ester
Glycosidic
Peptide
Maltose
Lipid bond
Ester
Carbohydrate bond
Glycosidic
14 terms
Biology-carbohydrates
Polymer
Name the types of monosaccharides
Name two pentose sugars
Name three hexose sugars
Are molecules made up of repeating monomer units
Triose-3 carbons... Pentose-5 carbons... Hexose-6 carbons
Ribose... Deoxyribose
Fructose ... Galactose ... Glucose
Polymer
Are molecules made up of repeating monomer units
Name the types of monosaccharides
Triose-3 carbons... Pentose-5 carbons... Hexose-6 carbons
20 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
Three types of carbohydrates?
Three examples of monosaccharides?
Three examples of disaccharides?
Three examples of polysaccharides?
Mono, di, poly saccharides.
Glucose Frutose Galactose.
Sucrose maltose lactose.
Starch cellulose glycogen.
Three types of carbohydrates?
Mono, di, poly saccharides.
Three examples of monosaccharides?
Glucose Frutose Galactose.
50 terms
biology: carbohydrates
percentage of cells organic matter whi…
three elements in a carbohydrate molec…
general formula for a carbohydrate?
type of carbohydrates which contains o…
10
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Cx(H2O)y
monosaccharides
percentage of cells organic matter whi…
10
three elements in a carbohydrate molec…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
21 terms
biology-carbohydrates
what are carbohydrates?
what are the two main functions of car…
name the three main types of carbohydr…
what are monosaccharides?
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
source of energy
monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides
small organic molecules and they provide building blocks for…
what are carbohydrates?
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
what are the two main functions of car…
source of energy
17 terms
Biology carbohydrates
What is the use of carbohydrates
Elements
Recognized by:
Does it have a functional group
Energy source structures
C,H,O
Ring shape ratio 2:1
No
What is the use of carbohydrates
Energy source structures
Elements
C,H,O
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