Study sets matching "carbohydrates biology"

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Study sets matching "carbohydrates biology"

9 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
What is an example Sugar?
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
What is an example of two sugars stuck…
What is the function of Sucrose?
glucose.
It makes chemical reactions.
Sucrose.
Stores as energy.
What is an example Sugar?
glucose.
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
It makes chemical reactions.
9 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
glucose
starch
iodine
Benedict's solution
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
a very large molecule; a carbohydrate that is the main source…
turns purple in the presence of starch
turns yellow or orange in presence of glucose
glucose
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
starch
a very large molecule; a carbohydrate that is the main source…
23 terms
biology - carbohydrates
Macromolecule#1
monomer
Starches (complex carbs)
Sugars (simple carbs)-
carbohydrates (sugars and starches)... Made of: C,H,O ... Buildin…
Building Block monosaccharide (aka simple sugar)... Monosacchari…
bread, pasta, rice
fruit, vegetables, candy
Macromolecule#1
carbohydrates (sugars and starches)... Made of: C,H,O ... Buildin…
monomer
Building Block monosaccharide (aka simple sugar)... Monosacchari…
Biology - Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
monosaccharide monomers are linked together to form disacchar…
gluclose, fructose, galactose, ribose
maltose, sucrose, lactose
starch, glycogen
carbohydrate
monosaccharide monomers are linked together to form disacchar…
monosaccharides
gluclose, fructose, galactose, ribose
13 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Condensation reaction
Glycosidic bond
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
A chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
The bond between sugars.
Monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Disaccharide
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
35 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Organic molecules
Function of Carbohydrate
Types of organic molecules
macromolecule made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
cell containing carbon + at least one functional group
Transport Energy
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
Carbohydrate
macromolecule made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Organic molecules
cell containing carbon + at least one functional group
biology carbohydrates
molecule
polymer
monomer
monosaccharide
formed through covalent bonds
made up of individual monomers
simple sugar with 1
the monomer of a carbohydrate
molecule
formed through covalent bonds
polymer
made up of individual monomers
Biology; carbohydrates
Monomer of a carbohydrate
what is a monosaccharide?
two examples of monosaccharides
what are disaccharides?
single sugar
1 sugar
glucose, fructose
two sugars bonded together
Monomer of a carbohydrate
single sugar
what is a monosaccharide?
1 sugar
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
single molecule
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
monomer of carbohydrate
polymer of carbohydrate
Monomer
single molecule
Polymer
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
23 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
autotrophs
heterotrophs
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
carbohydrates
organisms that can make their own food
organisms that have to get their energy from other sources
the elements that make up carbohydrates
provides the quickest energy yield among the three main molec…
autotrophs
organisms that can make their own food
heterotrophs
organisms that have to get their energy from other sources
biology Carbohydrates
biochemistry
inorganic compounds
ex of inorganic compound
exception of an example of an inorgani…
the study of the chemistry of living things
compounds that do not contain C
salt, water acids, bases, carbon dioxide
carbon dioxide
biochemistry
the study of the chemistry of living things
inorganic compounds
compounds that do not contain C
14 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
Chemical makeup
#1 function
#2 function
Glycogen
1:2:1 Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen
Energy source (quick energy to move, grow and make repairs)
Dietary fiber (helps digestive system and decreases cancer)
Excess sugar stored with the muscle (short term)... -In animals
Chemical makeup
1:2:1 Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen
#1 function
Energy source (quick energy to move, grow and make repairs)
Biology : Carbohydrates
Why is sucrose classified as a carbohy…
Explain why sucrose will produce a pos…
Explain how proteins are suited for th…
Explain why glucose and maltose both t…
Carbon + hydrogen and oxygen in 2: 1 ratio/same proportions... a…
Needs to be hydrolysed/glycosidic bond broken; ... Product is a…
Many different sorts of proteins;... Different primary structure…
Glucose and maltose soluble/starch insoluble;
Why is sucrose classified as a carbohy…
Carbon + hydrogen and oxygen in 2: 1 ratio/same proportions... a…
Explain why sucrose will produce a pos…
Needs to be hydrolysed/glycosidic bond broken; ... Product is a…
21 terms
Carbohydrates Biology
Sucrose
Lactose
Maltose
Four major classes of macromolecules f…
Glucose + fructose
Glucose + galactose
Glucose + glucose
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Sucrose
Glucose + fructose
Lactose
Glucose + galactose
34 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Name 4 macromolecules
Carbohydrates are known as
Single building block
3 or more monomers
Carbohydrates lipids proteins nuclei can acids
Sugars
Monomer
Single building block
Polymer
3 or more monomers
8 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Biologica macromolecule. Ratio of carbon to hydrogen and to o…
A single unit or monomer of carbohydrates... Carbonyl: the funct…
Two sugar monomers hat are linked together by a glycosidic bo…
A long chain of monosaccharides. ... Polymer for carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Biologica macromolecule. Ratio of carbon to hydrogen and to o…
Monosaccharide
A single unit or monomer of carbohydrates... Carbonyl: the funct…
Biology - Carbohydrates
A Catabolic reaction is....
An anabolic reaction is.....
Condensation reaction ...
Hydrolysis reaction.....
the breaking of larger molecules into smaller e.g. digestion
the building of smaller molecules into larger ones e.g. muscles
A water molecule is released, a new covalent bond is formed,…
A water molecule is used, a covalent bond is broken, smaller…
A Catabolic reaction is....
the breaking of larger molecules into smaller e.g. digestion
An anabolic reaction is.....
the building of smaller molecules into larger ones e.g. muscles
9 terms
Biology (Carbohydrates)
Monomer
Polymer
Condensation reaction
Hydrolysis
small simple molecules
multiple monomers
a reaction used to join monomers to form polymers and release…
a reaction where water is used to split polymers into monomers
Monomer
small simple molecules
Polymer
multiple monomers
Biology- carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
small, sweet, soluble in water, form c…
six
alpha and beta
three elements which make up a carbohydrate
monosaccharides
carbons in glucose
2 types of glucose
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
three elements which make up a carbohydrate
small, sweet, soluble in water, form c…
monosaccharides
17 terms
Carbohydrates - Biology
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monosaccharides (Function)
Monosaccharides (Details)
How polymers are built (H2O is removed to form covalent bond)
How polymers are broken (H2O is added to break covalent bond)
monomer of Carbohydrates
Made up of Glucose & Fructose; Give major nutrients to the ce…
Dehydration Synthesis
How polymers are built (H2O is removed to form covalent bond)
Hydrolysis
How polymers are broken (H2O is added to break covalent bond)
14 terms
carbohydrates biology
carbohydrates
simple sugars such as fructose or gluc…
complex carbohydrate that forms when m…
what are the 4 important polysaccharid…
include simple sugar molecules
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin
carbohydrates
include simple sugar molecules
simple sugars such as fructose or gluc…
monosaccharide
7 terms
{Biology} Carbohydrates
Elements present
monomer(s)
monomer examples
polymer
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
monosaccharides (sugar)
glucose and fructose
polysaccharide
Elements present
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
monomer(s)
monosaccharides (sugar)
11 terms
Biology-carbohydrates
Monosacchatrides
Disaccharides
Polyaccharides
Lipids
Are a single sugar molecule such as glucose, ribose, deoxyrib…
Contain two monosaccharides joined by dehydration... - Lactose i…
Are polymers of monosaccharides.... - Polysaccharides as energy…
Also know as fats. Insoluble in water. Long chains of repeati…
Monosacchatrides
Are a single sugar molecule such as glucose, ribose, deoxyrib…
Disaccharides
Contain two monosaccharides joined by dehydration... - Lactose i…
16 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Example of monosaccharides
Simplest form of carbohydrates
2 monosaccharides
Many monosaccharides in a long chain
Alpha glucose, beta glucose, fructose
Monosaccharide
Simplest form of carbohydrates
Disaccharide
2 monosaccharides
Carbohydrates Biology I
monomer
polymer
organic
dehydration synthesis
small building block of larger macromolecules
complex molecule made from many repeating subunits
compounds that always contain carbon
monomer
small building block of larger macromolecules
polymer
complex molecule made from many repeating subunits
14 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
What does alpha glucose look like?
What does beta glucose look like?
What is a reducing sugar?
What is the test for a reducing sugar?
The OH on the right is at the bottom
The OH on the right is at the top
A sugar that can donate electrons to another chemical, which…
When a reducing sugar is heated with Benedict's reagent, it f…
What does alpha glucose look like?
The OH on the right is at the bottom
What does beta glucose look like?
The OH on the right is at the top
Biology- Carbohydrates
What is the shape of carbohydrates?
What are carbohydrates made of?
What is the purpose of carbohydrates?
What are the types of carbohydrates?
ring
sugar molecules (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen)
main fuel for cellular work
1. Monosacchrides... 2. Disacchrides... 3. Polysacchrides
What is the shape of carbohydrates?
ring
What are carbohydrates made of?
sugar molecules (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen)
50 terms
biology: carbohydrates
percentage of cells organic matter whi…
three elements in a carbohydrate molec…
general formula for a carbohydrate?
type of carbohydrates which contains o…
10
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Cx(H2O)y
monosaccharides
percentage of cells organic matter whi…
10
three elements in a carbohydrate molec…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
biology-carbohydrates
what are carbohydrates?
what are the two main functions of car…
name the three main types of carbohydr…
what are monosaccharides?
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
source of energy
monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides
small organic molecules and they provide building blocks for…
what are carbohydrates?
organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
what are the two main functions of car…
source of energy
15 terms
Biology carbohydrates
What are carbs?
3 examples of foods that contain carbo…
What are the two functions of carbohyd…
What three atoms make up carbohydrates?
A large group of organic compounds
Fruits, grain, vegetables
Primary source of dietary energy in animals and serve as a bu…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
What are carbs?
A large group of organic compounds
3 examples of foods that contain carbo…
Fruits, grain, vegetables
23 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
What are the 3 types of carbohydrates?
What are they?
What is their use for the body?
What elements do they contain?
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, & Polysaccharides
Sugars and starches
Energy
Carbon (C) Hydrogen (H) and Oxygen (O)
What are the 3 types of carbohydrates?
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, & Polysaccharides
What are they?
Sugars and starches
Biology Carbohydrates
What is an example Sugar?
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
What is an example of two sugars stuck…
What is the function of Sucrose?
glucose.
It makes chemical reactions.
Sucrose.
Stores as energy.
What is an example Sugar?
glucose.
What is the function of glucose/sugar?
It makes chemical reactions.
49 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
What are carbohydrates made of?
What is the ratio for carbohydrates?
What do carbohydrates do?
Can carbohydrates by structural?
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
1:2:1
Store and transport energy
Yes
What are carbohydrates made of?
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What is the ratio for carbohydrates?
1:2:1
15 terms
Biology- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are commonly known as wh…
The monomer (building blocks) of carbo…
What is the term "saccharide" Latin for?
The most important biological function…
"Sugars"
Monosaccharides
sugar
Energy (ATP)
Carbohydrates are commonly known as wh…
"Sugars"
The monomer (building blocks) of carbo…
Monosaccharides
34 terms
Biology - Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
single molecule
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
monomer of carbohydrate
polymer of carbohydrate
Monomer
single molecule
Polymer
more than 2 molecules joined, chains on monomers fastened tog…
13 terms
A Level Biology - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Condensation reaction
Glycosidic bond
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
A chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
The bond between sugars.
Monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Disaccharide
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
Biology Carbohydrates
Carbohydrase
Simplest Carbs
Mono
saccharides
Breaks down carbohydrates
MONOSACCHARIDES
Single
sugars
Carbohydrase
Breaks down carbohydrates
Simplest Carbs
MONOSACCHARIDES
8 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Glucose
Fructose
Sucrose
Maltose
monosaccharide; used in plants; used for photosynthesis; stor…
monosaccharide; used in plants; is sugar in fruit; stores ene…
an alpha glucose plus a fructose; disaccharide; is in beets a…
an alpha glucose plus an alpha glucose; disaccharide; is in p…
Glucose
monosaccharide; used in plants; used for photosynthesis; stor…
Fructose
monosaccharide; used in plants; is sugar in fruit; stores ene…
5 terms
Biology: Carbohydrates
Contains:
Function:
Monomer:
Polymer:
C, H, O
cells break down carbs for ENERGY; structural components of c…
Monosaccharides
Polysaccharides
Contains:
C, H, O
Function:
cells break down carbs for ENERGY; structural components of c…
Biology - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Uses
Structural isomers
Optical isomers
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, sugars
Energy storage, structure of cells
Different shape, same chemical
Identical in everyway but mirror image
Carbohydrates
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, sugars
Uses
Energy storage, structure of cells
23 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharides
oligosaccharides
polysaccharides
sugar, monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides. Mo…
one sugar. The monomers of carbohydrates
few sugars
many sugars
carbohydrate
sugar, monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides. Mo…
monosaccharides
one sugar. The monomers of carbohydrates
Biology carbohydrates
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
a carbon based molecule
non-carbon based molecules (water)
an organic molecule compiled of only carbon and hydrogen are…
a group of atoms within a molecule that are predictable (hydr…
organic molecule
a carbon based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon based molecules (water)
11 terms
Biology, carbohydrates
a substance made up of repeating linke…
sugar unit, saccharide unit
rings rather than straight chain struc…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
what is a polymer
what is the monomer of carbohydrate
in solution, what is the shape of a carbohydrate?
what is a carbohydrate made of and what is the ratio
a substance made up of repeating linke…
what is a polymer
sugar unit, saccharide unit
what is the monomer of carbohydrate
10 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Glucose
Fructose
Galactos
Sucrose
Simple sugar found in humans bloodstreams and is the main ene…
The simple sugar found in fruits. Very sweet. Monosaccharide.
Sugar that is most commonly found in milk. Monosaccharide.
Sugar that is found in many plant parts. ... glucose + fructose.…
Glucose
Simple sugar found in humans bloodstreams and is the main ene…
Fructose
The simple sugar found in fruits. Very sweet. Monosaccharide.
Biology - carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Made up of ... (Elements)
They all contain
Types of carbohydrates
Provide quick energy
C,H,O... O+H have a 2:1 ratio
Alcohol/ hydroxyl function groups
-monosaccharides ... - disaccharide ... - polysaccharide
Carbohydrates
Provide quick energy
Made up of ... (Elements)
C,H,O... O+H have a 2:1 ratio
16 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen
Carbohydrates Formula
2:1
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrates Elements
(CH2O)n n=3,5,6
Ratio between Hydrogen amd Oxygen
1 monomer
Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen
Carbohydrates Elements
Carbohydrates Formula
(CH2O)n n=3,5,6
Carbohydrates (Biology)
glucose
fructose
galactose
isomers
sugar
fruit sugar
lactose building blocks
the same chemical formulas but different structural formulas;…
glucose
sugar
fructose
fruit sugar
12 terms
Carbohydrates biology
Define: Glucose(alpha)
Define: Glucose(beta)
Define: Galactose
Define: Fructose
Monosaccharide (OH-) group on carbon 1 is in the down Positio…
Monosaccharide (oh-) group on carbon 1 is in the up position.…
Monosaccharide (OH-) group on carbon 4 is in the up position…
Monosaccharide carbon 1 and 6 are found outside the ring (for…
Define: Glucose(alpha)
Monosaccharide (OH-) group on carbon 1 is in the down Positio…
Define: Glucose(beta)
Monosaccharide (oh-) group on carbon 1 is in the up position.…
13 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
cellulose
starch
glycogen
large group of organic compouns
makes cell walls in plants, microbes like stomach bacteria br…
how plants store sugar, dissolveable, made of maltose
how animals store sugar, found in liver and muscles
carbohydrate
large group of organic compouns
cellulose
makes cell walls in plants, microbes like stomach bacteria br…
17 terms
Biology Carbohydrates
Macromolecule
Covalent bond
Valence Electron
Polar
A giant molecule made from 1000s or 100000 of smaller molecul…
chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons betwe…
The electron in the outer most shell of an atom and these ele…
Describes a molecule with a slightly negative charge at one e…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule made from 1000s or 100000 of smaller molecul…
Covalent bond
chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons betwe…
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