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Study sets matching "carbohydrates chapter 4"

41 terms
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates (Macronutrients) - Funct…
Types of Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Provide energy (4kcal/gm)... Building component... Helps prevents d…
1. Simple carbohydrates: Monosaccharides & Disaccharides... 2. C…
Umbrella that encompasses mono- and disaccharides... Commonly re…
Contains one molecule... Ex: Glucose... Fructose... Galactose
Carbohydrates (Macronutrients) - Funct…
Provide energy (4kcal/gm)... Building component... Helps prevents d…
Types of Carbohydrates
1. Simple carbohydrates: Monosaccharides & Disaccharides... 2. C…
56 terms
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
3 monosaccharides
single sugars, simple carbohydrates
pairs of monosaccharides, simple carbohydrates
large, chains of monosaccharides, complex carbohydrates
glucose, fructose, galactose. C6H12O6--- each differ in their…
Monosaccharides
single sugars, simple carbohydrates
disaccharides
pairs of monosaccharides, simple carbohydrates
46 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrate
Complex carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
One of the three macronutrients that provides energy made of…
A monosaccharide or disaccharide, such as glucose; commonly c…
A nutrient compound consisting of long chains of glucose mole…
The simplest of carbohydrates; consists of one sugar molecule…
Carbohydrates
One of the three macronutrients that provides energy made of…
Simple carbohydrate
A monosaccharide or disaccharide, such as glucose; commonly c…
89 terms
Chapter 4: The Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbo
Hydrate
Sugers
Compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen arranged a…
Carbon (C)
With water (H2O)
Simple carbohydrates composed of monosaccharides or disacchar…
Carbohydrates
Compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen arranged a…
Carbo
Carbon (C)
29 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Triose
Aldose
Ketose
Pyranose
simplest monosaccharide with 3 carbons
carbohydrates with aldehyde as most oxidized group, aldehyde…
carbohydrates with ketones as most oxidized group, simplest i…
six-membered rings with 5 carbon, one oxygen
Triose
simplest monosaccharide with 3 carbons
Aldose
carbohydrates with aldehyde as most oxidized group, aldehyde…
36 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
physical health dimension
hypoglycemic
environmental health dimension
organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen tha…
depends on our ability to provide or bodies with enough carbo…
low blood glucose
impacts our available sources of carbohydrates
carbohydrates
organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen tha…
physical health dimension
depends on our ability to provide or bodies with enough carbo…
42 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
complex carbohydrate
simple carbohydrate
monosaccharides
compound made of single sugars or multiple sugars and compose…
long chains of sugars (glucose) arranged as starch or fiber,…
the single sugars (monosaccharides) and the pairs of sugars (…
the single sugars (glucose, fructose, and galactose)
carbohydrate
compound made of single sugars or multiple sugars and compose…
complex carbohydrate
long chains of sugars (glucose) arranged as starch or fiber,…
122 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carbohydrates: source of fuel for...
glucose
glycogen
ultimate source of carbs
Main fuel source for the body; brain, nerve cells, red blood…
form of carb in the blood
a form of glucose that is stored in the liver
sun through photosynthesis
carbohydrates: source of fuel for...
Main fuel source for the body; brain, nerve cells, red blood…
glucose
form of carb in the blood
26 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Simple carbohydrates (simple sugars)
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
A carbohydrate consisting of two monosaccharides bonded toget…
A category of carbohydrates comprised of monosaccharides and…
Carbohydrates
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
Monosaccharide
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
67 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Photosynthesis
Simple carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" This is one of the three macronutrients, a…
This is the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosaccharide ge…
This is the process by which plants use sunlight to fuel a ch…
These are commonly called sugar; can be either monosaccharide…
Carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" This is one of the three macronutrients, a…
Glucose
This is the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosaccharide ge…
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Function of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Composed of: Carbo-carbon and Hydrate-with water (H2O). The n…
To provide needed energy to facilitate life-saving processes
Glucose, fructose, galactose
Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Carbohydrates
Composed of: Carbo-carbon and Hydrate-with water (H2O). The n…
Function of Carbohydrates
To provide needed energy to facilitate life-saving processes
61 terms
Nutrition Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
what are carbohydrates?
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
What are the types of carbohydrates?
simple carbohydrates...
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
Simple and Complex
- occur naturally... - contain one or two sugars... - are a quick e…
what are carbohydrates?
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
151 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
In which of the following are ample am…
What is NOT a source of dietary carboh…
3 sources of dietary carbohydrates
what type of nutrient is starch?
Plant Foods
fish
milk, fruits, legumes
complex carbuhydrate
In which of the following are ample am…
Plant Foods
What is NOT a source of dietary carboh…
fish
53 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Simple Carbohydrate (Simple Sugar)
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules.
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule.
A carbohydrate consisting of two monosaccharides bonded toget…
A category of carbohydrates comprised of monosaccharides and…
Carbohydrate
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules.
Monosaccharide
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule.
49 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates Vocab
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Simple Carbohydrate (Simple Sugar)
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
A carbohydrate consisting of two monosaccharides bonded toget…
A category of carbohydrates compromised of monosaccharides an…
Carbohydrate
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
Monosaccharide
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
51 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Energy
Carbohydrate
Fat
organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen & oxygen
Main function of carbohydrates
Major fuel used by the body during exercise
Major fuel used by the body during rest
Carbohydrate
organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen & oxygen
Energy
Main function of carbohydrates
87 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Glycogen
Photosynthesis
Monosaccharides
What are the most common monosaccharid…
A CARBOHYDRATE made of multiple units of glucose with a highl…
Process by which plants SYNTHESIZE the CARBS in our food. Lea…
The SIMPLE SUGAR UNITS that serve as the basic unit of ALL ca…
Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose
Glycogen
A CARBOHYDRATE made of multiple units of glucose with a highl…
Photosynthesis
Process by which plants SYNTHESIZE the CARBS in our food. Lea…
39 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
What makes a grain a "whole grain"—ana…
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
A whole grain contain all three parts of the kernel... -bran, en…
monomer of carbohydrates... -glucose, fructose, galactose
Carbohydrates that are made up of two monosaccharides... -sucros…
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharid…
What makes a grain a "whole grain"—ana…
A whole grain contain all three parts of the kernel... -bran, en…
Monosaccharides
monomer of carbohydrates... -glucose, fructose, galactose
77 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
What is the AMDR for carbohydrates?
What are carbohydrate food sources?
What are some examples of grain carboh…
What are some examples of vegetable ca…
45-65%
• grains... • vegetables... • fruits... • milk... • meats and beans
Cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta, at least half as w…
Fiber-rich vegetables, starchy vegetables such as carrots, sw…
What is the AMDR for carbohydrates?
45-65%
What are carbohydrate food sources?
• grains... • vegetables... • fruits... • milk... • meats and beans
Nutrition Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
what are carbohydrates?
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
What are the types of carbohydrates?
simple carbohydrates...
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
Simple and Complex
- occur naturally... - contain one or two sugars... - are a quick e…
what are carbohydrates?
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
50 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
complex carbohydrates
simple carbohydrates
photosynthesis
CHO; compounds composed of single or multiple sugars
long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber
sugars, including both single sugar units and linked pairs of…
process by which green plants make carbohydrates from carbon…
carbohydrates
CHO; compounds composed of single or multiple sugars
complex carbohydrates
long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber
71 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates
Monosaccharides composition
Disaccharides
- found primarily in plants... - a convenient and economical sou…
- organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
- composed of a single carbohydrate unit... - glucose, fructose,…
- consists of two single carbohydrates bound together... - sucro…
Carbohydrates
- found primarily in plants... - a convenient and economical sou…
Simple carbohydrates
- organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
13 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Describe Photosynthesis?
Describe Complex Carb vs Simple Carbs?
What is the difference between Monosac…
What are the 6 types of sugars and and…
- This is the process by which green plants make carbs from c…
- Complex carbs are often referred as dietary starch and suga…
- A monosaccharide is a simple sugar that is a basic unit of…
- The are Monosaccharides Glucose [Known as Dextrose], Fructo…
Describe Photosynthesis?
- This is the process by which green plants make carbs from c…
Describe Complex Carb vs Simple Carbs?
- Complex carbs are often referred as dietary starch and suga…
26 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
universal formula for carbohydrates
monosaccharides
hydrophyllic =
chitin is a __________________ polysac…
(CH2OH)n
-provide energy... -building block of other carbohydrates ... -bios…
water loving
modified
universal formula for carbohydrates
(CH2OH)n
monosaccharides
-provide energy... -building block of other carbohydrates ... -bios…
85 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Which pre-competition goal is not dire…
Which of the following is a true state…
Because of the way it is absorbed and…
An example of a polysaccharide is ____.
Preventing hypohydration
Being diagnosed does not stop one from excelling in athletics.
False
muscle glycogen
Which pre-competition goal is not dire…
Preventing hypohydration
Which of the following is a true state…
Being diagnosed does not stop one from excelling in athletics.
68 terms
chapter 4 (carbohydrates)
how many bonds can a carbon make
where is the site of glycolisis?
phtic acid?
how many bonds can a nitrogen make
4
cytosol... (all enzymes needed for glycolisis are also found in…
occurs in husk of grains and lugumes... capableof binding to iro…
3
how many bonds can a carbon make
4
where is the site of glycolisis?
cytosol... (all enzymes needed for glycolisis are also found in…
57 terms
Biochem | Chapter 4 | Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Triose... Tetrose... Penotse
Aldose
Ketose
- Basic structural unit of a carb
Carbohydrates that contain 3,4,5 C's
- Carbs that contain an aldehyde... - Glyceraldehyde--->... - The a…
Carbs that contain an ketone groupe
Monosaccharide
- Basic structural unit of a carb
Triose... Tetrose... Penotse
Carbohydrates that contain 3,4,5 C's
45 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
unrefined foods
refined
whole grain product
enrichment
foods eaten either just as they are found in nature or with o…
refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes o…
include entire kernel of the grain: the germ, the bran, and t…
the addition to food of specific amounts of nutrients to repl…
unrefined foods
foods eaten either just as they are found in nature or with o…
refined
refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes o…
49 terms
Nutrition: Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Simple carbohydrate/simple sugar
organic compound made of varying numbers of monosaccharides
carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar
carbohydrate consisting of two monosaccharides bonded together
category of carbohydrates consisting of mono-and disaccharides
Carbohydrate
organic compound made of varying numbers of monosaccharides
Monosaccharide
carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar
52 terms
Chapter 4 carbohydrates
Glucose
Photosynthesis
Clorophyll
Simple carbohydrates
The most abundant sugar in foods in the primary energy source…
A process by which green plants create carbohydrate using the…
The green pigment in plants that absorbs energy from sunlight…
The category of carbohydrates that contain a single sugar uni…
Glucose
The most abundant sugar in foods in the primary energy source…
Photosynthesis
A process by which green plants create carbohydrate using the…
40 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates (CHO)
food sources of CHO
Structure of CHOs
Simple carbohydrates
organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
primarily from plants and also milk
All carbohydrates are organic compounds composed of carbon, h…
monosaccharides and disaccharides; primarily provide energy i…
Carbohydrates (CHO)
organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
food sources of CHO
primarily from plants and also milk
43 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Unrefined (whole) carbohydrates
Refined carbohydrates
Enrichment
Whole grains
What are carbohydrates sources eaten in their natural form or…
What are processed carbohydrates, typically have a portion of…
What is the type of fortification which adds back some, not a…
What are unrefined carbohydrates, that... include the entire gra…
Unrefined (whole) carbohydrates
What are carbohydrates sources eaten in their natural form or…
Refined carbohydrates
What are processed carbohydrates, typically have a portion of…
65 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates (AKA Sugar)
Monosaccharides
Glucose
Molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen arranged as…
Carbohydrates that are made ip of either one sugar unit or tw…
Made up one sugar unit and can be absorbed in the intestine
Monosaccharide that circulates in the blood stream and is fou…
Carbohydrates
Molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen arranged as…
Simple Carbohydrates (AKA Sugar)
Carbohydrates that are made ip of either one sugar unit or tw…
38 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
simple carbs
monosaccharides
glucose
fructose
monosaccharides and disaccharides
single sugars ... 3 kinds:... glucose... fructose ... galactose
blood sugar ... the essential energy source ... its part of every d…
fruit sugar... the sweetest
simple carbs
monosaccharides and disaccharides
monosaccharides
single sugars ... 3 kinds:... glucose... fructose ... galactose
39 terms
carbohydrates chapter 4
carbohydrates
glucose
How are carbohydrates classified as?
simple carbohydrates
one of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon…
the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosacharide generally f…
simple (one to 2 molecules) and compounds (contain hundred to…
are commonly referred to as sugars. Four of these sugars are…
carbohydrates
one of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon…
glucose
the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosacharide generally f…
74 terms
Chapter 4: The carbohydrates
What does the DRI committee reccommend?
What is the primary energy source for…
CHOS are a source of energy
What do carbohydrates contain?
The DRI committee recommends that 45% - 65% of daily calories…
Glucose is the primary energy source for nerve cells ... Fats a…
CHO is the only source of energy used by the Brain and Nervou…
Carbohydrates contain energy that plants captured through pho…
What does the DRI committee reccommend?
The DRI committee recommends that 45% - 65% of daily calories…
What is the primary energy source for…
Glucose is the primary energy source for nerve cells ... Fats a…
40 terms
chapter 4 - carbohydrates
dietary carbohydrates
carbohydrates
simple carbohydrates
Monosacharides
most important nutrients in your diet, from the standpoint of…
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
monosaccharides & disaccharides
fructose, glucose, galactose
dietary carbohydrates
most important nutrients in your diet, from the standpoint of…
carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
60 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
Sucrose
Major MONOSACCHARIDE in the body. ... Dextrose is Glucose.... "Bloo…
MONOSACCHARIDE ... "Fruit sugar" or "levulose"... In high fructose…
MONOSACCHARIDE ... Almost same structure as glucose... Not found in…
DISACCHARIDE... Table sugar... Glucose + Fructose = Sucrose... In suga…
Glucose
Major MONOSACCHARIDE in the body. ... Dextrose is Glucose.... "Bloo…
Fructose
MONOSACCHARIDE ... "Fruit sugar" or "levulose"... In high fructose…
28 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carobohydrate
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
-fuel source... -preferred energy source for our brains... -high in…
-simple carb... -most important fuel for body... -blood sugar... -cell…
-simple carb... -fruits, veggies, honey, added sugars
-simple carb... -milk sugar
carobohydrate
-fuel source... -preferred energy source for our brains... -high in…
Glucose
-simple carb... -most important fuel for body... -blood sugar... -cell…
50 terms
Chapter 4 (Carbohydrates)
carbohydrate
disaccharide
fructose
galactose
an organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
a carb consisting of two monosaccharides bonded together
a naturally occurring monosaccharide found primarily in honey…
a monosaccharide that exists primarily as part of a naturally…
carbohydrate
an organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
disaccharide
a carb consisting of two monosaccharides bonded together
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Sugar
Starch
Cellulose
sugars, starches, and cellulose;chemical compound made from c…
simple carbohydrates (mono- or disaccharides); in everyday la…
a polysaccharide
the main constituent of the cell walls of plants
Carbohydrates
sugars, starches, and cellulose;chemical compound made from c…
Sugar
simple carbohydrates (mono- or disaccharides); in everyday la…
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Hexose
Orgnic compound made of varying numbers of monosaccharides
Carbohydrates consisting of a single sugar
Carbohydrates consisting of two monosaccharides bonded together
Monosaccharide made of 6 carbon atoms
Carbohydrate
Orgnic compound made of varying numbers of monosaccharides
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrates consisting of a single sugar
73 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
photosynthesis
what do plants use the glucose they pr…
simple carbohydrates
monosaccharide
*process by which carbohydrates originate in plants... 1. plants…
directly for energy, store it, combine it with minerals from…
consist of either monosaccharide or disaccharide
single sugar unit
photosynthesis
*process by which carbohydrates originate in plants... 1. plants…
what do plants use the glucose they pr…
directly for energy, store it, combine it with minerals from…
56 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
photosynthesis
carbohydrate
sugar
starch
the chemical reaction in which plants capture the sun's energ…
one of the macronutrients, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and…
the simplest form of carbohydrate plus which other carbohydra…
complex carbohydrate, assembled from chains of glucose. Found…
photosynthesis
the chemical reaction in which plants capture the sun's energ…
carbohydrate
one of the macronutrients, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and…
86 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Name the carbohydrates.
Process by which plants use energy fro…
What is the Acceptable Macronutrient D…
Chemical elements of carbs are:
Sugar, Starch, Glycogen, and Fiber
Photosynthesis
45-65%
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Name the carbohydrates.
Sugar, Starch, Glycogen, and Fiber
Process by which plants use energy fro…
Photosynthesis
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Photosynthesis
Functions of Carbohydrates
Ketosis
Ketones
"if it comes from the ground, it will have carbohydrates"
supplies energy, protein sparing, prevents ketosis
state in which ketones build up in the body
byproduct of fat and metabolism
Photosynthesis
"if it comes from the ground, it will have carbohydrates"
Functions of Carbohydrates
supplies energy, protein sparing, prevents ketosis
35 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Number of Bonds Per atom: HOC
One bond - ... Glucose: blood sugar, part of every disaccharide…
Two : Pairs of the 3 monosaccharides... Maltose: 2 glucose... Sucro…
More than three - ... Glycogen: storage form of energy in the bo…
Hydrogen - 1... Oxygen - 2... Carbon - 4
Monosaccharides
One bond - ... Glucose: blood sugar, part of every disaccharide…
Disaccharides
Two : Pairs of the 3 monosaccharides... Maltose: 2 glucose... Sucro…
14 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates contain:
Simple sugars
3 Primary monosaccharides
Disccharides
C,H,O
mono- and disaccharides
1. glucose... 2. fructose... 3. galactose
2 monosaccharides
Carbohydrates contain:
C,H,O
Simple sugars
mono- and disaccharides
56 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are
Complex Carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates
compounds composed of single or multiple sugars. The name mea…
Ideal nutrients because they feed brain & nervous system, kee…
long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber;…
sugars, including both single sugar units and linked pairs of…
Carbohydrates
compounds composed of single or multiple sugars. The name mea…
Carbohydrates are
Ideal nutrients because they feed brain & nervous system, kee…
33 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Refined
Enrichment
Sugar Unit
Monosaccharide
Refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes o…
The addition to food of specific amounts of nutrients to repl…
A sugar molecule that cannot be broken down to yield other su…
A carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit.
Refined
Refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes o…
Enrichment
The addition to food of specific amounts of nutrients to repl…
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