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Study sets matching "carbohydrates chapter 4"

Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates (Macronutrients) - Funct…
Types of Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Provide energy (4kcal/gm)... Building component... Helps prevents d…
1. Simple carbohydrates: Monosaccharides & Disaccharides... 2. C…
Umbrella that encompasses mono- and disaccharides... Commonly re…
Contains one molecule... Ex: Glucose... Fructose... Galactose
Carbohydrates (Macronutrients) - Funct…
Provide energy (4kcal/gm)... Building component... Helps prevents d…
Types of Carbohydrates
1. Simple carbohydrates: Monosaccharides & Disaccharides... 2. C…
56 terms
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
3 monosaccharides
single sugars, simple carbohydrates
pairs of monosaccharides, simple carbohydrates
large, chains of monosaccharides, complex carbohydrates
glucose, fructose, galactose. C6H12O6--- each differ in their…
Monosaccharides
single sugars, simple carbohydrates
disaccharides
pairs of monosaccharides, simple carbohydrates
46 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrate
Complex carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
One of the three macronutrients that provides energy made of…
A monosaccharide or disaccharide, such as glucose; commonly c…
A nutrient compound consisting of long chains of glucose mole…
The simplest of carbohydrates; consists of one sugar molecule…
Carbohydrates
One of the three macronutrients that provides energy made of…
Simple carbohydrate
A monosaccharide or disaccharide, such as glucose; commonly c…
51 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Energy
Carbohydrate
Fat
organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen & oxygen
Main function of carbohydrates
Major fuel used by the body during exercise
Major fuel used by the body during rest
Carbohydrate
organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen & oxygen
Energy
Main function of carbohydrates
10 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
cyclic hemiacetal
cyclic hemiketal
pyranose
furanose
6 membered ring
5 membered ring
cyclic hemiacetal
cyclic hemiketal
42 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
complex carbohydrate
simple carbohydrate
monosaccharides
compound made of single sugars or multiple sugars and compose…
long chains of sugars (glucose) arranged as starch or fiber,…
the single sugars (monosaccharides) and the pairs of sugars (…
the single sugars (glucose, fructose, and galactose)
carbohydrate
compound made of single sugars or multiple sugars and compose…
complex carbohydrate
long chains of sugars (glucose) arranged as starch or fiber,…
89 terms
Chapter 4: The Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbo
Hydrate
Sugers
Compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen arranged a…
Carbon (C)
With water (H2O)
Simple carbohydrates composed of monosaccharides or disacchar…
Carbohydrates
Compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen arranged a…
Carbo
Carbon (C)
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Simple carbohydrates (simple sugars)
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
A carbohydrate consisting of two monosaccharides bonded toget…
A category of carbohydrates comprised of monosaccharides and…
Carbohydrates
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
Monosaccharide
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carbohydrates: source of fuel for...
glucose
glycogen
ultimate source of carbs
Main fuel source for the body; brain, nerve cells, red blood…
form of carb in the blood
a form of glucose that is stored in the liver
sun through photosynthesis
carbohydrates: source of fuel for...
Main fuel source for the body; brain, nerve cells, red blood…
glucose
form of carb in the blood
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
complex carbohydrates
simple carbohydrates
photosynthesis
CHO; compounds composed of single or multiple sugars
long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber
sugars, including both single sugar units and linked pairs of…
process by which green plants make carbohydrates from carbon…
carbohydrates
CHO; compounds composed of single or multiple sugars
complex carbohydrates
long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Function of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Composed of: Carbo-carbon and Hydrate-with water (H2O). The n…
To provide needed energy to facilitate life-saving processes
Glucose, fructose, galactose
Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Carbohydrates
Composed of: Carbo-carbon and Hydrate-with water (H2O). The n…
Function of Carbohydrates
To provide needed energy to facilitate life-saving processes
71 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates
Monosaccharides composition
Disaccharides
- found primarily in plants... - a convenient and economical sou…
- organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
- composed of a single carbohydrate unit... - glucose, fructose,…
- consists of two single carbohydrates bound together... - sucro…
Carbohydrates
- found primarily in plants... - a convenient and economical sou…
Simple carbohydrates
- organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
151 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
In which of the following are ample am…
What is NOT a source of dietary carboh…
3 sources of dietary carbohydrates
what type of nutrient is starch?
Plant Foods
fish
milk, fruits, legumes
complex carbuhydrate
In which of the following are ample am…
Plant Foods
What is NOT a source of dietary carboh…
fish
85 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Which pre-competition goal is not dire…
Which of the following is a true state…
Because of the way it is absorbed and…
An example of a polysaccharide is ____.
Preventing hypohydration
Being diagnosed does not stop one from excelling in athletics.
False
muscle glycogen
Which pre-competition goal is not dire…
Preventing hypohydration
Which of the following is a true state…
Being diagnosed does not stop one from excelling in athletics.
77 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
What is the AMDR for carbohydrates?
What are carbohydrate food sources?
What are some examples of grain carboh…
What are some examples of vegetable ca…
45-65%
• grains... • vegetables... • fruits... • milk... • meats and beans
Cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta, at least half as w…
Fiber-rich vegetables, starchy vegetables such as carrots, sw…
What is the AMDR for carbohydrates?
45-65%
What are carbohydrate food sources?
• grains... • vegetables... • fruits... • milk... • meats and beans
13 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Describe Photosynthesis?
Describe Complex Carb vs Simple Carbs?
What is the difference between Monosac…
What are the 6 types of sugars and and…
- This is the process by which green plants make carbs from c…
- Complex carbs are often referred as dietary starch and suga…
- A monosaccharide is a simple sugar that is a basic unit of…
- The are Monosaccharides Glucose [Known as Dextrose], Fructo…
Describe Photosynthesis?
- This is the process by which green plants make carbs from c…
Describe Complex Carb vs Simple Carbs?
- Complex carbs are often referred as dietary starch and suga…
Nutrition Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
what are carbohydrates?
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
What are the types of carbohydrates?
simple carbohydrates...
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
Simple and Complex
- occur naturally... - contain one or two sugars... - are a quick e…
what are carbohydrates?
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
29 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Triose
Aldose
Ketose
Pyranose
simplest monosaccharide with 3 carbons
carbohydrates with aldehyde as most oxidized group, aldehyde…
carbohydrates with ketones as most oxidized group, simplest i…
six-membered rings with 5 carbon, one oxygen
Triose
simplest monosaccharide with 3 carbons
Aldose
carbohydrates with aldehyde as most oxidized group, aldehyde…
36 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
physical health dimension
hypoglycemic
environmental health dimension
organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen tha…
depends on our ability to provide or bodies with enough carbo…
low blood glucose
impacts our available sources of carbohydrates
carbohydrates
organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen tha…
physical health dimension
depends on our ability to provide or bodies with enough carbo…
52 terms
Biochem Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Carbs with 3, 4, 5, and 6 carbons
Aldoses
Ketoses
Basic carb structural unit
Trioses... Tetroses... Pentoses... Hexoses
Carbs that contain aldehyde group as most oxidized functional…
Carbs that contain ketone group as most oxidized functional g…
Monosaccharides
Basic carb structural unit
Carbs with 3, 4, 5, and 6 carbons
Trioses... Tetroses... Pentoses... Hexoses
49 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates Vocab
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Simple Carbohydrate (Simple Sugar)
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
A carbohydrate consisting of two monosaccharides bonded toget…
A category of carbohydrates compromised of monosaccharides an…
Carbohydrate
An organic compound made up of one or more sugar molecules
Monosaccharide
A carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule
67 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Photosynthesis
Simple carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" This is one of the three macronutrients, a…
This is the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosaccharide ge…
This is the process by which plants use sunlight to fuel a ch…
These are commonly called sugar; can be either monosaccharide…
Carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" This is one of the three macronutrients, a…
Glucose
This is the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosaccharide ge…
35 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Number of Bonds Per atom: HOC
One bond - ... Glucose: blood sugar, part of every disaccharide…
Two : Pairs of the 3 monosaccharides... Maltose: 2 glucose... Sucro…
More than three - ... Glycogen: storage form of energy in the bo…
Hydrogen - 1... Oxygen - 2... Carbon - 4
Monosaccharides
One bond - ... Glucose: blood sugar, part of every disaccharide…
Disaccharides
Two : Pairs of the 3 monosaccharides... Maltose: 2 glucose... Sucro…
54 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
potential of foods to raise blood gluc…
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
sweetened soft drinks.
Monosaccharides.
The glycemic index rates the...
Carbohydrates contain...
The most common source of added sugar in the North American d…
Glucose, fructose and galactose are...
potential of foods to raise blood gluc…
The glycemic index rates the...
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Carbohydrates contain...
61 terms
Nutrition Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
what are carbohydrates?
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
What are the types of carbohydrates?
simple carbohydrates...
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
Simple and Complex
- occur naturally... - contain one or two sugars... - are a quick e…
what are carbohydrates?
organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What is the ratio of carbon to hydroge…
two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen for every one carbon atom
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Sugar
Cellulose
Glucose
Sugars, starches, and cellulose.... Made from carbon, hydrogen,…
Simple CHO (mono- or disaccharides).
The main constituent of the cell walls of plants.
Sugar found naturally in food.... A monosaccharide.
Carbohydrates
Sugars, starches, and cellulose.... Made from carbon, hydrogen,…
Sugar
Simple CHO (mono- or disaccharides).
5 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
classification of carbohydrates
monosaccharides
glucose
fructose (levulose)
a diverse group of organic compounds made up of varying numbe…
- cyclic structure with carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in…
- body's most abundant monosaccharide... - produced in plants by…
- sweet monosaccharide found in honey, fruits, and vegetables…
classification of carbohydrates
a diverse group of organic compounds made up of varying numbe…
monosaccharides
- cyclic structure with carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in…
106 terms
Chapter 4 - carbohydrates
carbohydrate are the basis of most mod…
refined
what are some good sources of natural…
changes in the amount and sources of c…
- fruit, dairy, and whole grains... - natural state
foods that have undergone processing that changes or removes…
grains, veggies, legumes, fruits, nuts, seeds, and milk
1909-1963: decrease in total CHO intake. (decreased intake of…
carbohydrate are the basis of most mod…
- fruit, dairy, and whole grains... - natural state
refined
foods that have undergone processing that changes or removes…
71 terms
Chapter 4 carbohydrates
unrefined foods
refined food
Diverticula
whole grain
- what our hunter gatherer ancestors ate... - high in fiber whic…
- Refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes…
-Sacs or pouches that protrude from the wall of the large int…
-A product made from the entire kernel of a grain including t…
unrefined foods
- what our hunter gatherer ancestors ate... - high in fiber whic…
refined food
- Refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes…
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Glycogen
Forms of carbohydrates
Monosaccharide components
Disaccharide components
Carbohydrate made of multiple glucose molecule ... Highly branc…
Monosaccharides... Disaccharides ... Polysaccharides ... Fiber
Glucose, fructose, galactose
Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Glycogen
Carbohydrate made of multiple glucose molecule ... Highly branc…
Forms of carbohydrates
Monosaccharides... Disaccharides ... Polysaccharides ... Fiber
11 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Photosynthesis
Glucose
Simple Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Process in which plants use the energy from the sun to create…
1. Most abundant carbohydrate... 2. Preferred source of energy
1. Monosaccharide... 2. Disaccharide (sweeter than complex carbo…
One unit of sugar
Photosynthesis
Process in which plants use the energy from the sun to create…
Glucose
1. Most abundant carbohydrate... 2. Preferred source of energy
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are the preferred energy…
What are carbohydrates composed of?
Good sources of carbohydrates
Most abundant carbohydrate; Produced b…
nerve cells
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
fruits, vegetables, grains
Glucose
Carbohydrates are the preferred energy…
nerve cells
What are carbohydrates composed of?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
13 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple carbs
Complex carbs
Monosaccharides
Compounds composed of sugars and multiples of simple sugars
Sugars, include single sugar units and linked pairs of sugar…
Long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch, glycogen,…
Single sugar units... Examples: glucose, fructose, galactose
Carbohydrates
Compounds composed of sugars and multiples of simple sugars
Simple carbs
Sugars, include single sugar units and linked pairs of sugar…
10 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
types of carbohydrates
Basic Unti
Dietary Fiber
Energy
grains ... fruit... dairy... veggies ... added sugar
Glucose
carbs that are not digested in stomach and small intestine... br…
4 kcal/ gram
types of carbohydrates
grains ... fruit... dairy... veggies ... added sugar
Basic Unti
Glucose
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Glucose
Photosynthesis
Simple Carbohydrate
one of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon…
The most abundant sugar molecule, a monosaccharide generally…
The process by which plants use sunlight to fuel a chemical r…
Commonly called sugar; can be either a monosaccharide or a di…
Carbohydrate
one of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon…
Glucose
The most abundant sugar molecule, a monosaccharide generally…
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Glucose
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Most abundant carbohydrate; is preferred and main source of e…
One sugar unit
Two sugar units
Many sugar units
Glucose
Most abundant carbohydrate; is preferred and main source of e…
Monosaccharide
One sugar unit
43 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Unrefined (whole) carbohydrates
Refined carbohydrates
Enrichment
Whole grains
What are carbohydrates sources eaten in their natural form or…
What are processed carbohydrates, typically have a portion of…
What is the type of fortification which adds back some, not a…
What are unrefined carbohydrates, that... include the entire gra…
Unrefined (whole) carbohydrates
What are carbohydrates sources eaten in their natural form or…
Refined carbohydrates
What are processed carbohydrates, typically have a portion of…
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Kcal in Carbohydrates
Role of Carbohydrates: Energy
How much should we eat?
primary source of energy for body, composed of carbon, hydrog…
1 gram = 4 kcal
Energy source, red blood cells, exercise
130g/day minimum
Carbohydrates
primary source of energy for body, composed of carbon, hydrog…
Kcal in Carbohydrates
1 gram = 4 kcal
carbohydrates chapter 4
carbohydrates
glucose
How are carbohydrates classified as?
simple carbohydrates
one of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon…
the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosacharide generally f…
simple (one to 2 molecules) and compounds (contain hundred to…
are commonly referred to as sugars. Four of these sugars are…
carbohydrates
one of the three macronutrients, a compound made up of carbon…
glucose
the most abundant sugar molecule, a monosacharide generally f…
44 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbs
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
C, H, O, made of 1 or more sugar molecules
monosaccharides & disaccharides
1 sugar molecule, ... glucose, fructose (5 sided ring), galactos…
2 sugar molecules... lactose, sucrose, maltose,... glycosidic bon…
Carbohydrates
C, H, O, made of 1 or more sugar molecules
Simple Carbs
monosaccharides & disaccharides
61 terms
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
glycogen
photosynthesis
glucose
sugar
A carbohydrate made of multiple units of glucose with a highl…
Process by which plants use energy from the sun to synthesize…
A six-carbon monosaccharide that usually exists in a ring for…
A simple carbohydrate with the chemical composition (CH2O)n.…
glycogen
A carbohydrate made of multiple units of glucose with a highl…
photosynthesis
Process by which plants use energy from the sun to synthesize…
34 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Examples of Carbs
Carbs in plants
Carbs in Animals
- supply fuel in form of glucose... - predominant in plant-based…
Grains - Rice & Pasta... Legumes - Dry Beans & Peas... Dairy - Milk…
plants make carbs to store energy and build their root and st…
carbs breakdown when animals die (eating poultry doesn't supp…
Carbohydrates
- supply fuel in form of glucose... - predominant in plant-based…
Examples of Carbs
Grains - Rice & Pasta... Legumes - Dry Beans & Peas... Dairy - Milk…
38 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
simple carbs
monosaccharides
glucose
fructose
monosaccharides and disaccharides
single sugars ... 3 kinds:... glucose... fructose ... galactose
blood sugar ... the essential energy source ... its part of every d…
fruit sugar... the sweetest
simple carbs
monosaccharides and disaccharides
monosaccharides
single sugars ... 3 kinds:... glucose... fructose ... galactose
60 terms
Chapter 4 - Carbohydrates
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
Sucrose
Major MONOSACCHARIDE in the body. ... Dextrose is Glucose.... "Bloo…
MONOSACCHARIDE ... "Fruit sugar" or "levulose"... In high fructose…
MONOSACCHARIDE ... Almost same structure as glucose... Not found in…
DISACCHARIDE... Table sugar... Glucose + Fructose = Sucrose... In suga…
Glucose
Major MONOSACCHARIDE in the body. ... Dextrose is Glucose.... "Bloo…
Fructose
MONOSACCHARIDE ... "Fruit sugar" or "levulose"... In high fructose…
30 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
glucose
Simple Carbohydrates
A process by which plants create carbohydrates using energy f…
The green pigment in plants that absorbs energy from sunlight…
The primary monosaccharide and primary energy source for the…
Carbs that consist of one sugar unit (monosaccharides) or two…
Photosynthesis
A process by which plants create carbohydrates using energy f…
Chlorophyll
The green pigment in plants that absorbs energy from sunlight…
51 terms
Chapter 4 Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Functions of Carbs
Glucose = Blood Sugar... Fructose = Fruit Sugar... Galactose = Part…
Sucrose (Glucose + Fructose) Table Sugar... Lactose (Glucose + G…
Starches = Complex Carbs... Fiber = Roughages
Provide energy, fiber, and natural sweeteners (sucrose and fr…
Monosaccharides
Glucose = Blood Sugar... Fructose = Fruit Sugar... Galactose = Part…
Disaccharides
Sucrose (Glucose + Fructose) Table Sugar... Lactose (Glucose + G…
Chapter 4- Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Sugar
Starch
Cellulose
sugars, starches, and cellulose;chemical compound made from c…
simple carbohydrates (mono- or disaccharides); in everyday la…
a polysaccharide
the main constituent of the cell walls of plants
Carbohydrates
sugars, starches, and cellulose;chemical compound made from c…
Sugar
simple carbohydrates (mono- or disaccharides); in everyday la…
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Sources of carbs
Function of Carbohydrate
Amount of glucose needed for Brain act…
compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen arranged a…
All plant foods: whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, a…
to be converted into ATP for energy of cells
almost 100% of energy is provided by glucose
Carbohydrate
compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen arranged a…
Sources of carbs
All plant foods: whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, a…
14 terms
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates contain:
Simple sugars
3 Primary monosaccharides
Disccharides
C,H,O
mono- and disaccharides
1. glucose... 2. fructose... 3. galactose
2 monosaccharides
Carbohydrates contain:
C,H,O
Simple sugars
mono- and disaccharides
Chapter 4: Carbohydrates
Refined
Enrichment
Sugar Unit
Monosaccharide
Refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes o…
The addition to food of specific amounts of nutrients to repl…
A sugar molecule that cannot be broken down to yield other su…
A carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit.
Refined
Refers to foods that have undergone processing that changes o…
Enrichment
The addition to food of specific amounts of nutrients to repl…
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