Study sets matching "carbohydrates"

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Study sets matching "carbohydrates"

14 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Carbohydrates
L
D
alpha
beta
left
right
down (trans)
up (cis)
L
left
D
right
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide definition
Disaccharide definition
Polysaccharide definition
Monosaccharide structure
One Sugar
Two Sugars
Many Sugars
One Ring
Monosaccharide definition
One Sugar
Disaccharide definition
Two Sugars
29 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are composed of
1:2:1
The function of carbohydrates
The monomer or building blocks of carb…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
short term, quick release energy
simple sugars, monosaccharides
Carbohydrates are composed of
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
1:2:1
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
18 terms
Carbohydrates
dehydration reaction
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
one sugar molecule
two sugar molecules
10 or more sugar molecules
dehydration reaction
monosaccharide
one sugar molecule
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Functions of Carbohydrates
A compound (biomolecule) that is made up carbon, hydrogen, an…
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Single sugar molecules
1. short-term energy storage (source of energy for cells)... 2.…
Carbohydrate
A compound (biomolecule) that is made up carbon, hydrogen, an…
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
9 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
49 terms
Carbohydrates
glucose
cellulose
starch
glycogen
aldohexose
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by β*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by α*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
"branched starch"... - straight chain: α-1,4*-glycosidic links…
glucose
aldohexose
cellulose
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by β*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
Carbohydrates
Properties
Homopolymers
Heteropolymers
Oligosaccharides
* No genetic blueprint... * Heterogenous... * branched and unbranch…
...
...
2~20 sugars... * associated with lipids and proteins in larger p…
Properties
* No genetic blueprint... * Heterogenous... * branched and unbranch…
Homopolymers
...
16 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Aldehyde
Ketone
Disaccharides
Molecular formula that are some unit of CH2O
Carbonyl group at the end
Carbonyl in the middle
2 monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic linkage
Monosaccharides
Molecular formula that are some unit of CH2O
Aldehyde
Carbonyl group at the end
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates Molecules
Lipids Molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipids
C, H, O... Have same # of oxygen and carbon atoms ... Ex. C6H12O6
Have many more carbon than oxygen ... C18H3602
H... H- C-O-H... H-O-C-H... H-C-O-H... H-C-O-H... H-C-O-H... H-C-O-H... H... Ca…
H... H-C-H... H-C-H... H-C-H... H-C-H... H-C-H... C=O... H... Carbon: 6... Oxygen…
Carbohydrates Molecules
C, H, O... Have same # of oxygen and carbon atoms ... Ex. C6H12O6
Lipids Molecules
Have many more carbon than oxygen ... C18H3602
9 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
5 Carbon Sugars
6 Carbon Sugars
AKA "sugars," mainly composed of C, H, and O atoms.... Three ca…
AKA "simple sugars," used for energy by living things and are…
1) Ribose... 2) Deoxyribose
1) Glucose... 2) Fructose... 3) Galactose
Carbohydrates
AKA "sugars," mainly composed of C, H, and O atoms.... Three ca…
Monosaccharides
AKA "simple sugars," used for energy by living things and are…
17 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compound build from monosaccharides, containing mostl…
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose,…
Examples are Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose. Combination of two mo…
Examples are chitin and glycogen, Long chain of monosaccharid…
Carbohydrates
Organic compound build from monosaccharides, containing mostl…
Monosaccharide
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose,…
17 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharide
dehydration synthesis
disaccharide
polysaccharide
carbohydrate monomers (single unit sugars)
a reaction that removes a water molecule and allows monosacch…
two monosaccharides covalently bonded together through a dehy…
three or more monosaccharides covalently bonded together thro…
monosaccharide
carbohydrate monomers (single unit sugars)
dehydration synthesis
a reaction that removes a water molecule and allows monosacch…
21 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate function
Emil Fischer
monosaccharides
real formula for carbohydrates
Energy storage, receptors, structure of plant cell wall
pioneer of studies on carbohydrates
Sugars that are building blocks of carbohydrates
H-C-OH
Carbohydrate function
Energy storage, receptors, structure of plant cell wall
Emil Fischer
pioneer of studies on carbohydrates
16 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Disaccharide
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
This can either be used for structure or can be used for stor…
When two sugar monomers come together to form a double sugar…
The monomer of a carbohydrate That is used for fuel. Also cal…
Long chains of monosaccharides bonded together. This usually…
Carbohydrates
This can either be used for structure or can be used for stor…
Disaccharide
When two sugar monomers come together to form a double sugar…
14 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
46 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Oligosaccharides
Polysaccharides
Aldose
Simple sugars that can not be broken into smaller sugars.
have 2-10 simple sugars linked together.
large polymers of sugar and their derivatives. May be linear…
a monosaccharide with an aldehyde group at the end.
Monosaccharides
Simple sugars that can not be broken into smaller sugars.
Oligosaccharides
have 2-10 simple sugars linked together.
Carbohydrates
Function of carbohydrates
Functional group structure of carbohyd…
What connects the monomer units of oli…
List some oligosaccharides
1) direct energy sources ... 2) energy storage in polymer forms…
polyhydroxy aldehydes (aldoses) or polyhydroxy ketones (ketos…
glycosidic bonds
saccharose, maltose, lactose, cellobiose
Function of carbohydrates
1) direct energy sources ... 2) energy storage in polymer forms…
Functional group structure of carbohyd…
polyhydroxy aldehydes (aldoses) or polyhydroxy ketones (ketos…
6 terms
Carbohydrates
What are the three elements found in c…
What in carbohydrates have twice as ma…
What is most closely related to maltose?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Hydrogen
Starch
Monosaccharides
What are the three elements found in c…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
What in carbohydrates have twice as ma…
Hydrogen
24 terms
Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Fiber
Called sugars, they give a quick energy supply to the body.
Called starches, they give a long and continuous energy suppl…
The main nutrient found in the grain group.
Called roughage or cellulose, this is a form of complex carbo…
Simple carbohydrates
Called sugars, they give a quick energy supply to the body.
Complex carbohydrates
Called starches, they give a long and continuous energy suppl…
51 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
Carbohydrates made up of only one sugar unit
A monosaccharide that is the primary form of carbohydrate use…
A monosaccharide found in fruit
A monosaccharide found in milk
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrates made up of only one sugar unit
Glucose
A monosaccharide that is the primary form of carbohydrate use…
18 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate Common Names
Carbohydrate Atoms
Monosaccharide
Monosaccharide Examples
Sugars and starches
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
The monomer (building block) of a carbohydrate
Glucose, fructose, galactose
Carbohydrate Common Names
Sugars and starches
Carbohydrate Atoms
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
6 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharides
glucose molecular formula
isomers(structural formula)
disaccharides
simple sugars, (ex glucose, fructose and galactose)
C6H12O6
Difference between fructose and galactose from glucose
double sugars
monosaccharides
simple sugars, (ex glucose, fructose and galactose)
glucose molecular formula
C6H12O6
16 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
glucose
disaccharides
polysaccharides
organic macromolecules that are built from monosaccharides an…
a six carbon(hexose) monosaccharide found in human blood stre…
2 sugar monomers bonded by dehydration reaction. Examples: su…
a long chain of glucose monosaccharides joined by glycosidic…
carbohydrates
organic macromolecules that are built from monosaccharides an…
glucose
a six carbon(hexose) monosaccharide found in human blood stre…
85 terms
Carbohydrates
Describe the basics about carbohydrate…
CHO-H
CHO-Fr:
CHO-Fs
- Carbs make up a large portion of energy in animal diets: 70…
Hydrolytically digestible carbohydrates ... -made up of sugars,…
Rapidly fermentable carbohydrates ... -near 100% extent of diges…
Slowly fermentable carbohydrates... - Hemicellulases, cellulose,…
Describe the basics about carbohydrate…
- Carbs make up a large portion of energy in animal diets: 70…
CHO-H
Hydrolytically digestible carbohydrates ... -made up of sugars,…
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
Monosaccharide
simple sugar
13 terms
carbohydrates
carbohydrate
Immediate form of energy
glucose
monosaccharide
type of macromolecule that contains CHO is a 1:2:1 ratio
function of a carbohydrate
most common monosaccharide
monomer of a carbohydrate
carbohydrate
type of macromolecule that contains CHO is a 1:2:1 ratio
Immediate form of energy
function of a carbohydrate
44 terms
Carbohydrates
Complex Carbs
Simple Carbs
monosaccharide
oligosaccharide
Long, chain-like molecules consisting of thousands of sugars…
These include monosaccharides, disaccharides, and oligosaccha…
A(n) _____ is a simple sugar compound with a cyclic structure…
A(n) _____ is a type of simple carbohydrate that is a short p…
Complex Carbs
Long, chain-like molecules consisting of thousands of sugars…
Simple Carbs
These include monosaccharides, disaccharides, and oligosaccha…
49 terms
Carbohydrates
glucose
cellulose
starch
glycogen
aldohexose
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by β*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by α*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
"branched starch"... - straight chain: α-1,4*-glycosidic links…
glucose
aldohexose
cellulose
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by β*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of monosaccharide's…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
6 terms
Carbohydrates
Gelatinisation
Fermentation
Dextrinisation
Caramelisation
Starch does not dissolve in water until heat is applied. At a…
This occurs when yeast combined with flour, under the right c…
Process that occurs when starch is exposed to dry heat; starc…
The process that sugars undergo when heated to high temperatu…
Gelatinisation
Starch does not dissolve in water until heat is applied. At a…
Fermentation
This occurs when yeast combined with flour, under the right c…
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
11 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
one of the essential organic molecules
one sugar (simplest form of a carb)
two sugars
many sugars
carbohydrate
one of the essential organic molecules
monosaccharide
one sugar (simplest form of a carb)
12 terms
Carbohydrates
simple sugar
double sugar
complex sugar
the sugar stored in the vacuole of pla…
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
starch
simple sugar
monosaccharides
double sugar
disaccharides
30 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Photosynthesis
Simple Carbohydrates
Monosacharides
A macro-nutrient; made of carbon, hydrogen & oxygen. Provides…
Chlorophyll in plants absorbs sunlight & provides energy need…
Sugars.
Consist of only a single sugar molecule.
Carbohydrates
A macro-nutrient; made of carbon, hydrogen & oxygen. Provides…
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll in plants absorbs sunlight & provides energy need…
26 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are composed of
1:2:1
The function of carbohydrates
The monomer or building blocks of carb…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
short term, quick release energy
simple sugars, monosaccharides
Carbohydrates are composed of
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
1:2:1
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
13 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Functions of Carbohydrates
A compound that is made up carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms…
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Single sugar molecules
1. short-term energy storage (source of energy for cells)... 2.…
Carbohydrate
A compound that is made up carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms…
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Carbohydrates
elements in a carbohydrate
ratio of hydrogen to oxygen in a carbo…
monosaccharide
isomer
C , H, O
2 Hydrogen to 1 Oxygen
single unit (monomer) of a carbohydrate
molecules like glucose and fructose that have the same chemic…
elements in a carbohydrate
C , H, O
ratio of hydrogen to oxygen in a carbo…
2 Hydrogen to 1 Oxygen
15 terms
Carbohydrates
Nutrition
Macro nutrients
Micro nutrients
Digestion
Nutrition is the science of how food nourishes the body and i…
Include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins provide energy in t…
Include Vitamins and minerals help regulate body processes, i…
Chemical and mechanical processes of breaking down of food in…
Nutrition
Nutrition is the science of how food nourishes the body and i…
Macro nutrients
Include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins provide energy in t…
20 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; used f…
single sugars, often containing 5 or 6 carbons; examples incl…
double sugars; includes sucrose, lactose, maltose
many sugars, includes starch, glycogen, cellulose, and chitin
carbohydrates
macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; used f…
monosaccharides
single sugars, often containing 5 or 6 carbons; examples incl…
8 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Macromolecule used for energy storage
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Macromolecule used for energy storage
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide definition
Disaccharide definition
Polysaccharide definition
Monosaccharide structure
One Sugar
Two Sugars
Many Sugars
One Ring
Monosaccharide definition
One Sugar
Disaccharide definition
Two Sugars
17 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
glycosidic linkage
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
Many monosacharides chained together. Examples include amylos…
The bond that holds sugars together.
monosaccharide
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
disaccharide
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
15 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
Amylose
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
Many monosacharides chained together. Ex: amylose, cellulose,…
Edible starch. Think potatoes. It is formed by linking Alpha…
monosaccharide
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
disaccharide
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
7 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
9 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
saccharide
disaccharide
monosaccharide
Macromolecule that provides quick energy, made of CHO, Sugars
Sugar Another term for carbohydrate
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Carbohydrates
Macromolecule that provides quick energy, made of CHO, Sugars
saccharide
Sugar Another term for carbohydrate
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