How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "carbohydrates"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "carbohydrates"

14 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
42 terms
Carbohydrates
L
D
alpha
beta
left
right
down (trans)
up (cis)
L
left
D
right
15 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
29 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are composed of
1:2:1
The function of carbohydrates
The monomer or building blocks of carb…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
short term, quick release energy
simple sugars, monosaccharides
Carbohydrates are composed of
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
1:2:1
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
30 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide definition
Disaccharide definition
Polysaccharide definition
Monosaccharide structure
One Sugar
Two Sugars
Many Sugars
One Ring
Monosaccharide definition
One Sugar
Disaccharide definition
Two Sugars
18 terms
Carbohydrates
dehydration reaction
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
one sugar molecule
two sugar molecules
10 or more sugar molecules
dehydration reaction
monosaccharide
one sugar molecule
9 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
13 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Functions of Carbohydrates
A compound (biomolecule) that is made up carbon, hydrogen, an…
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Single sugar molecules
1. short-term energy storage (source of energy for cells)... 2.…
Carbohydrate
A compound (biomolecule) that is made up carbon, hydrogen, an…
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
14 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
49 terms
Carbohydrates
glucose
cellulose
starch
glycogen
aldohexose
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by β*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by α*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
"branched starch"... - straight chain: α-1,4*-glycosidic links…
glucose
aldohexose
cellulose
polysaccharide of glucose ... - joined by β*-1,4-glycosidic lin…
51 terms
Carbohydrates
Of the 92 naturally-occurring elements…
Organic molecules always contain what…
Ninety eight percent of the body mass…
Ninety five percent of the body mass o…
26
Carbon and Hydrogen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Oxygen
Of the 92 naturally-occurring elements…
26
Organic molecules always contain what…
Carbon and Hydrogen
60 terms
Carbohydrates
Properties
Homopolymers
Heteropolymers
Oligosaccharides
* No genetic blueprint... * Heterogenous... * branched and unbranch…
...
...
2~20 sugars... * associated with lipids and proteins in larger p…
Properties
* No genetic blueprint... * Heterogenous... * branched and unbranch…
Homopolymers
...
8 terms
Carbohydrates
D-Galactose
D-Talose
D-Allose
D-Altrose
D-Galactose
D-Talose
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
13 terms
carbohydrates
carbohydrate
Immediate form of energy
glucose
monosaccharide
type of macromolecule that contains CHO is a 1:2:1 ratio
function of a carbohydrate
most common monosaccharide
monomer of a carbohydrate
carbohydrate
type of macromolecule that contains CHO is a 1:2:1 ratio
Immediate form of energy
function of a carbohydrate
15 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
Monosaccharide
simple sugar
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Macromolecule used for energy storage
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Macromolecule used for energy storage
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
20 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
one of the essential organic molecules
one sugar (simplest form of a carb)
two sugars
many sugars
carbohydrate
one of the essential organic molecules
monosaccharide
one sugar (simplest form of a carb)
16 terms
Carbohydrates
elements in a carbohydrate
ratio of hydrogen to oxygen in a carbo…
monosaccharide
isomer
C , H, O
2 Hydrogen to 1 Oxygen
single unit (monomer) of a carbohydrate
molecules like glucose and fructose that have the same chemic…
elements in a carbohydrate
C , H, O
ratio of hydrogen to oxygen in a carbo…
2 Hydrogen to 1 Oxygen
13 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
39 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide definition
Disaccharide definition
Polysaccharide definition
Monosaccharide structure
One sugar
Two sugars
Many sugars
One ring
Monosaccharide definition
One sugar
Disaccharide definition
Two sugars
15 terms
Carbohydrates
Nutrition
Macro nutrients
Micro nutrients
Digestion
Nutrition is the science of how food nourishes the body and i…
Include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins provide energy in t…
Include Vitamins and minerals help regulate body processes, i…
Chemical and mechanical processes of breaking down of food in…
Nutrition
Nutrition is the science of how food nourishes the body and i…
Macro nutrients
Include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins provide energy in t…
17 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharide
dehydration synthesis
disaccharide
polysaccharide
carbohydrate monomers (single unit sugars)
a reaction that removes a water molecule and allows monosacch…
two monosaccharides covalently bonded together through a dehy…
three or more monosaccharides covalently bonded together thro…
monosaccharide
carbohydrate monomers (single unit sugars)
dehydration synthesis
a reaction that removes a water molecule and allows monosacch…
17 terms
Carbohydrates
monomer
polymer
glucose
fructose
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
Any long molecule consisting of many similar or identical mon…
a six-carbon monosaccharide that is the monomer unit for star…
a six-carbon monosaccharide connects to glucose to make the d…
monomer
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
polymer
Any long molecule consisting of many similar or identical mon…
17 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
glycosidic linkage
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
Many monosacharides chained together. Examples include amylos…
The bond that holds sugars together.
monosaccharide
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
disaccharide
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
30 terms
Carbohydrates
cane sugar
carbohydrate
carbonyl
carboxyl
the sucrose obtained from sugar cane, which is identical to t…
any of a large group of organic compounds, including sugars,…
A _________ is the group C=O in a molecule.
The univalent radical, COOH, characteristic of all organic ac…
cane sugar
the sucrose obtained from sugar cane, which is identical to t…
carbohydrate
any of a large group of organic compounds, including sugars,…
12 terms
Carbohydrates
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
glycosidic linkage
maltose
2 molecules bonded to each other with a lost of a water molec…
bonds between monomers are broken by addition of water molecu…
covalent bond formed between 2 monosaacharides
a glucose+ a glucose
dehydration reaction
2 molecules bonded to each other with a lost of a water molec…
hydrolysis
bonds between monomers are broken by addition of water molecu…
25 terms
Carbohydrates
monomer
polymer
isomer
hexose
one of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
large molecule made up of repeating smaller units (monomers)
each of two or more compounds with the same formula but a dif…
any of a class of sugars containing six atoms of carbon, eg g…
monomer
one of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
polymer
large molecule made up of repeating smaller units (monomers)
9 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
saccharide
disaccharide
monosaccharide
Macromolecule that provides quick energy, made of CHO, Sugars
Sugar Another term for carbohydrate
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Carbohydrates
Macromolecule that provides quick energy, made of CHO, Sugars
saccharide
Sugar Another term for carbohydrate
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
12 terms
Carbohydrates
simple sugar
double sugar
complex sugar
the sugar stored in the vacuole of pla…
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
starch
simple sugar
monosaccharides
double sugar
disaccharides
14 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Carbon molecules combined with water.
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Carbon molecules combined with water.
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
26 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are composed of
1:2:1
The function of carbohydrates
The monomer or building blocks of carb…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
short term, quick release energy
simple sugars, monosaccharides
Carbohydrates are composed of
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
1:2:1
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
13 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Functions of Carbohydrates
A compound that is made up carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms…
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Single sugar molecules
1. short-term energy storage (source of energy for cells)... 2.…
Carbohydrate
A compound that is made up carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms…
General Structure of a Carbohydrate
Ring structure made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
15 terms
Carbohydrates
Alpha - D - Glucose
Beta - D - Glucose
Ribose
Deoxyribose
Alpha - D - Glucose
Beta - D - Glucose
17 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
5 Carbon Sugars
6 Carbon Sugars
AKA "sugars," mainly composed of C, H, and O atoms.... Three ca…
AKA "simple sugars," used for energy by living things and are…
1) Ribose... 2) Deoxyribose
1) Glucose... 2) Fructose... 3) Galactose
Carbohydrates
AKA "sugars," mainly composed of C, H, and O atoms.... Three ca…
Monosaccharides
AKA "simple sugars," used for energy by living things and are…
16 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Aldehyde
Ketone
Disaccharides
Molecular formula that are some unit of CH2O
Carbonyl group at the end
Carbonyl in the middle
2 monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic linkage
Monosaccharides
Molecular formula that are some unit of CH2O
Aldehyde
Carbonyl group at the end
7 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
15 terms
Carbohydrates
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
Amylose
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
Many monosacharides chained together. Ex: amylose, cellulose,…
Edible starch. Think potatoes. It is formed by linking Alpha…
monosaccharide
one sugar, with formula of CH2O. Examples include glucose, fr…
disaccharide
Two monosaccharides linked by a glycosidic linkage. Examples…
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are composed of
1:2:1
The function of carbohydrates
The monomer or building blocks of carb…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
short term, quick release energy
simple sugars, monosaccharides
Carbohydrates are composed of
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
1:2:1
the ratio of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate
15 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar
9 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
12 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Starch
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
simple sugar, monomer of polysaccharides.
a polymer of sugar, meaning a long chain of sugar molecules c…
a polysaccharide made by plants to store energy
Carbohydrate
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
monosaccharide
simple sugar, monomer of polysaccharides.
8 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
Macromolecule used for energy storage
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
Large molecule made up of repeating smaller molecules (monome…
The monomer unit of carbohydrates.
carbohydrate
Macromolecule used for energy storage
monomer
One of many small molecules that combine to form a larger one…
30 terms
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide definition
Disaccharide definition
Polysaccharide definition
Monosaccharide structure
One Sugar
Two Sugars
Many Sugars
One Ring
Monosaccharide definition
One Sugar
Disaccharide definition
Two Sugars
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates Molecules
Lipids Molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipids
C, H, O... Have same # of oxygen and carbon atoms ... Ex. C6H12O6
Have many more carbon than oxygen ... C18H3602
H... H- C-O-H... H-O-C-H... H-C-O-H... H-C-O-H... H-C-O-H... H-C-O-H... H... Ca…
H... H-C-H... H-C-H... H-C-H... H-C-H... H-C-H... C=O... H... Carbon: 6... Oxygen…
Carbohydrates Molecules
C, H, O... Have same # of oxygen and carbon atoms ... Ex. C6H12O6
Lipids Molecules
Have many more carbon than oxygen ... C18H3602
16 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Disaccharide
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
This can either be used for structure or can be used for stor…
When two sugar monomers come together to form a double sugar…
The monomer of a carbohydrate That is used for fuel. Also cal…
Long chains of monosaccharides bonded together. This usually…
Carbohydrates
This can either be used for structure or can be used for stor…
Disaccharide
When two sugar monomers come together to form a double sugar…
12 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compound build from monosaccharides, containing mostl…
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose,…
Combination of two monosaccharide sugars. Sucrose, Maltose, L…
Long chain of monosaccharides joined together. Starch, Glycog…
Carbohydrates
Organic compound build from monosaccharides, containing mostl…
Monosaccharide
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose,…
17 terms
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compound build from monosaccharides, containing mostl…
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose,…
Examples are Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose. Combination of two mo…
Examples are chitin and glycogen, Long chain of monosaccharid…
Carbohydrates
Organic compound build from monosaccharides, containing mostl…
Monosaccharide
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose,…
6 terms
carbohydrates
potato potatoes
rice
pasta
bread
potato potatoes
rice
1 of 10