Study sets matching "carbohydrates"

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Study sets matching "carbohydrates"

33 termscreated on January 20, 2017
HBS 3.1
Enzyme
Substrate
Lock and Key
Induced Fit
Type of protein that are responsible for speeding up many che…
enzyme acts upon it to break it down or put pieces together
Substrate acts as a key and the enzyme as a lock. If it fits…
when a enzyme bind to the right substrate the active site cha…
Enzyme
Type of protein that are responsible for speeding up many che…
Substrate
enzyme acts upon it to break it down or put pieces together
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cellular respiration
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a kil…
the breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyr…
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found i…
Calorie
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a kil…
Glycolysis
the breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyr…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology quiz January
Amphipathic
Cholesterol
Davson-Danielli model
Fluid mosaic model
Having both a hydrophilic region and. Hydrophobic region
A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell me…
A model of cell membranes in which phospholipid bilateral is…
A model of cell membranes in which proteins are embedded in a…
Amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and. Hydrophobic region
Cholesterol
A steroid that forms an essential component of animal cell me…
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Macromolecules
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
main source of quick energy for most organisms
long-term energy storage; part of biological membranes; water…
Physical organism, also controls rate of reactions and provid…
store and transmit hereditary/genetic information
carbohydrate
main source of quick energy for most organisms
lipid
long-term energy storage; part of biological membranes; water…
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 7 Biology Vocab
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
The basic unit of life
A fundamental concept of biology
A thin, flexible barrier surrounding a cell
A large, membrane-enclosed structure that contains genetic ma…
Cell
The basic unit of life
Cell Theory
A fundamental concept of biology
67 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Physiology Practicum
sucrose
lactose
maltose
carbohydrates function
glucose + fructose
glucose + galctose
glucose + glucose
produce energy
sucrose
glucose + fructose
lactose
glucose + galctose
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 30
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Tissue that lines the interior/ exterior body surfaces
Type of tissue that provides support for the body and connect…
Nerve impulses are transmitted through this
Movement of body is possible because of this
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue that lines the interior/ exterior body surfaces
Connective Tissue
Type of tissue that provides support for the body and connect…
63 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Abbreviations
Abd
A.c.
ADL
Ad lib
Abdomin
Before meals
Activities of daily living
As desired
Abd
Abdomin
A.c.
Before meals
6 termscreated on January 20, 2017
The Physiology of Muscle Contractions
fuel
carbohydrates
fatty acids
proteins
All muscles require ___ (energy substrate) in order to contract
The preferred fuel source is ___
___ ___ (a component of fats) can be used but the process is…
___ are the least preferred fuel source. They are better used…
fuel
All muscles require ___ (energy substrate) in order to contract
carbohydrates
The preferred fuel source is ___
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Vocabulary
Carbohydrates
Catalyst
Enzyme
Homeostasis
...
...
...
...
Carbohydrates
...
Catalyst
...
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
CR and Photosynthesis
water
oxygen
food
aerobic cellular respiration
catalyzes reaction and maintains body temperature
allow us to "burn" food more efficiently
convert into energy to be used by the cell (ATP)
oxygen, water, and food yields carbon dioxide, water, and ATP
water
catalyzes reaction and maintains body temperature
oxygen
allow us to "burn" food more efficiently
39 termscreated on January 20, 2017
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TEST REVIEW
What are the 4 glads surrounding the o…
What are the primary secretion into th…
What is broken down (chemically digest…
What is the process of breaking down c…
Parotid, sublingual, submandibular, & buccal
Salivary Amylase
Carbohydrates
Hydrolysis
What are the 4 glads surrounding the o…
Parotid, sublingual, submandibular, & buccal
What are the primary secretion into th…
Salivary Amylase
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science vocab part 1
Absolute zero
Acceleration
Acid
Alloy
Lowest possible temperature approximately-273 degrees
The rate of change of velocity
Compound with a ph less than 7.
A substance composed of two or more metals
Absolute zero
Lowest possible temperature approximately-273 degrees
Acceleration
The rate of change of velocity
69 termscreated on January 20, 2017
2016 BASI - Module 1 - Practice Questions
Nucleic acids stain with ______ dyes w…
Which molecules are lost from cells du…
A slide-mounted cell is found to conta…
In a cellular membrane the glycocalyx…
C. Base-like; blue/purple; basophilic
c. Lipids
C) Sterol synthesis
b. E-face; Carbohydrates
Nucleic acids stain with ______ dyes w…
C. Base-like; blue/purple; basophilic
Which molecules are lost from cells du…
c. Lipids
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Exam Review
What are lipids made from?
DNA, what is the structure?
Protein composition
Carbohydrate compostion
Glycerol attached to phosphate attached to carboxylic acid
Nucleic acid: Base pair bonded together with sugar, and phosp…
Amino acids: nitrogen, acids
Sugars
What are lipids made from?
Glycerol attached to phosphate attached to carboxylic acid
DNA, what is the structure?
Nucleic acid: Base pair bonded together with sugar, and phosp…
102 termscreated on January 20, 2017
SCIENCE FINALS
Scientific theory
Spontaneous generation
Independant variable
Dependant variable
...
...
...
...
Scientific theory
...
Spontaneous generation
...
40 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Vocabulary 3a
Estronudar
Estar resfriado(a)
La alergia
La fiebre
To sneeze
To have a cold
Allergy
Fever
Estronudar
To sneeze
Estar resfriado(a)
To have a cold
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 9 Vocab Health
Hunger
Appetite
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Daily Values
a feeling of discomfort caused by the body's need for nutrients
a desire food based more on emotions and other factors rather…
the rate at which a person uses energy when the body is at rest
recommendations that specify the amounts of certain nutrients…
Hunger
a feeling of discomfort caused by the body's need for nutrients
Appetite
a desire food based more on emotions and other factors rather…
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
5Ger Wie man gesundes Essen beschreibt p16
Bio-Lebensmittel
(un)gesund
Zucker
der Kreislauf
organic food
(un)healthy
sugar
the circulation
Bio-Lebensmittel
organic food
(un)gesund
(un)healthy
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Midterm Bio. Vocabulary Regents
Aerobic Resperation
Anaerobic Respiration
Autosomes
Cancer
- takes place in mitochondria ... - includes Kreb's Cycle and El…
(Glycosis)... - takes place in the cytoplasm... - does not require…
...
...
Aerobic Resperation
- takes place in mitochondria ... - includes Kreb's Cycle and El…
Anaerobic Respiration
(Glycosis)... - takes place in the cytoplasm... - does not require…
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
C&M: Chapter 3
1st Law
Photosynthesis
D
L
One of the laws of thermodynamics, states that energy cannot…
The most important source of energy production for life on ea…
Are D- or L-isomers found in the carbohydrates of living orga…
Are D- or L-isomers found in the amino acids of living organi…
1st Law
One of the laws of thermodynamics, states that energy cannot…
Photosynthesis
The most important source of energy production for life on ea…
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cell Structure and Organelle Function
Prokaryote
Phospholipid Bilayer
Eukaryote
Cell membrane
Cell lacking a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
How phospholipids are arranged in the cell membrane
Cell with a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
Outer boundary of the cell
Prokaryote
Cell lacking a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
Phospholipid Bilayer
How phospholipids are arranged in the cell membrane
75 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Realidades 3 Capítulo 3 APV1 & APV2
la alimentación
los alimentos
apropiado
el calcio
nutrition, feeding
food
appropriate
calcium
la alimentación
nutrition, feeding
los alimentos
food
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Semester Review
What is used for short term energt in…
What is used for short term energy in…
What is used for long term energy stor…
What is used for long term storage in…
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Lipid
Carbohydrates (Starch)
What is used for short term energt in…
Carbohydrates
What is used for short term energy in…
Carbohydrates
14 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Ch7 matching pancreas
Acini cells
Alpha cells
Amylase
Beta cells
Performs exocrine function, secreting digestive enzymes
Performs endocrine function, secreting glucagon
Enzyme that digests carbohydrates
Performs endocrine funtion, secreting insulin
Acini cells
Performs exocrine function, secreting digestive enzymes
Alpha cells
Performs endocrine function, secreting glucagon
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Ryan's awesome Quizlet
Dormir
Pésimo
¿Cómo te sientes?
El
To sleep
Very bad or terrible
How do you feel
The
Dormir
To sleep
Pésimo
Very bad or terrible
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Organic compound
Hydrocarbon
Isomer
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Is a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bon…
A compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different…
A hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds
Organic compound
Is a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bon…
Hydrocarbon
A compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 8 Vocab Health
Nutrient
Metabolism
Calorie
Carbohydrate
a substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
the chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
unit for the amount of energy released when nutrients are bro…
a nutrient made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that supp…
Nutrient
a substance in foods that the body needs to regulate bodily f…
Metabolism
the chemical process by which the body breaks down food to re…
47 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Test 3
solution
solute
solvent
concentration
liquids that contain other things
the substance dissolved in the solvent
the substance in which the solute is dissolved in
the measure of the amount of solute in a solution
solution
liquids that contain other things
solute
the substance dissolved in the solvent
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Week 2
Organic macromolecules
Macromolecules
Monomers
Lipids
-lipids... -proteins... -carbohydrates... -nucleic acids
large molecules used by all organisms
basic building blocks of macromolecules which are polymers
-not all are made of regular subunits... -hydrophobic... -composed…
Organic macromolecules
-lipids... -proteins... -carbohydrates... -nucleic acids
Macromolecules
large molecules used by all organisms
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Terms
Macromolecules
Monomer
Polymer
Protein (macro)
building blocks of life
mono- one; building block
...
Amino (mono)- muscle, immune cells
Macromolecules
building blocks of life
Monomer
mono- one; building block
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology 211
Monomers of Carbohydrates
Polymers of Carbohydrates
Monomers of Lipids
Polymer of Lipids
Monosaccharides
Polysaccharides
Fatty Acids
Triglycerol
Monomers of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Polymers of Carbohydrates
Polysaccharides
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Organic compound
Hydrocarbon
Isomer
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Is a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bon…
A compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different…
A hydrocarbon that contains only single bonds
Organic compound
Is a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bon…
Hydrocarbon
A compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
nutririon
additive
adequate intake
amino acids
anti biotic
a substance added to something in small quantities, typically…
value based on observed or experimentally determined approxim…
are arginine (required for the young, but not for adults), hi…
a medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhib…
additive
a substance added to something in small quantities, typically…
adequate intake
value based on observed or experimentally determined approxim…
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Ch 2: Bio 121
Water
Oxygen
Carbon Dioxide
Inorganic Salts
Polar covalent molecule ; most abundant compound in living ma…
used by organelles to release E from nutrients in order to dr…
waste product released during metabolic rxns
abundant in body fluids; sources of necessary ions
Water
Polar covalent molecule ; most abundant compound in living ma…
Oxygen
used by organelles to release E from nutrients in order to dr…
30 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Botany exam 1
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
nucleic acids
sugar, hydrophillic, burned to generate cell energy, ex:cellu…
fats, waxes, hydrophobic, burned to generate cell energy, ex:…
made up of amino acids, enzymes
encode DNA and RNA, ATP is energy molecule
carbohydrates
sugar, hydrophillic, burned to generate cell energy, ex:cellu…
lipids
fats, waxes, hydrophobic, burned to generate cell energy, ex:…
150 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science 10-1 Final Exam Flashcards
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Microscope
Types of microscopes
- a chemical process in which green plants put together carbo…
- also known as aerobic respiration... - carries out in the mito…
- allows us to see an image of an object that is too small to…
1) Compound light microscopes... 2) Stereoscopic Dissecting micr…
Photosynthesis
- a chemical process in which green plants put together carbo…
Cellular Respiration
- also known as aerobic respiration... - carries out in the mito…
74 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Midterm
Safety
Scientific method
Experimental design
Measurement with observational tooos
-form a hypothesis... -collect the data... -analyze the data... -repor…
-how you set up an experiment... -independent variable... -dependen…
-metric system, uses units with divisions that are powers of…
Safety
Scientific method
-form a hypothesis... -collect the data... -analyze the data... -repor…
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biomolecules
macromolecules
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
large molecules formed from many small molecules
major source of energy for most living things
single sugar
many sugars linked
macromolecules
large molecules formed from many small molecules
carbohydrates
major source of energy for most living things
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 3
Organic molecules
Four classes of Organic Molecules
Organic molecules are also called:
Monomer
Contain C and H atoms
1. Carbohydrates ... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic acids
Biomolecules or macromolecules
each repeating unit
Organic molecules
Contain C and H atoms
Four classes of Organic Molecules
1. Carbohydrates ... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic acids
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
high energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
low energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
high energy molecule that contains, within its bonds, energy…
ADP
low energy molecule that can be converted to ATP
38 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid
Protein
Carbohydrates
- contains the cytoplasm (all interior cell organelles and th…
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
- integral proteins are buried inside the membrane ... - periphe…
- chains of carbohydrates serve as ID markers so the body can…
Cell Membrane
- contains the cytoplasm (all interior cell organelles and th…
Phospholipid
- two hydrophobic fatty acids bound to a hydrophilic head (wi…
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 35 kt
Antioxidant
Atherosclerosis
Bariatrics
Cholesterol
A molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules.
Buildup of fibrous plaques of fatty deposits and cholesterol…
The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment and cont…
A white, waxy, fatlike substance that is essential for normal…
Antioxidant
A molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules.
Atherosclerosis
Buildup of fibrous plaques of fatty deposits and cholesterol…
31 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unidad 5: La Nutrición y la Buena Salud Parte 1
heart
cramp
strength
nutrition, feeding
el corazón
el calambre
la fuerza
la alimentación
heart
el corazón
cramp
el calambre
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anatomy Ch 2
Cell
The Cell Theory
Sex cells
Somatic cells
smallest living unit in the human body
1. All living things are composed of one or more cells (build…
- germ cells (sperm and ovum)... - Derived from the testis (sper…
- all other cells (blood, bone, muscle, nerve, connective tis…
Cell
smallest living unit in the human body
The Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of one or more cells (build…
37 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Nutrition: Chapter 1
Nutrition
Wellness
Three Chronic Diseases Strongly Associ…
Obesity
The study of food including how food nourishes our bodies, ho…
Physical, emotional, social, occupational, and spiritual heal…
Stroke, Diabetes, and Heart Disease
The primary link between poor nutrition and mortality
Nutrition
The study of food including how food nourishes our bodies, ho…
Wellness
Physical, emotional, social, occupational, and spiritual heal…
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
wellness 1: mid-term review (nutrition)
_______________ is a mineral
the percentage of ____________________…
your bones will continue to increase i…
the root word __________ means bone
calcium
bone development
length
osteo
_______________ is a mineral
calcium
the percentage of ____________________…
bone development
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Physiology of Weight Loss Vocab
anorexia nervosa
basal metabolic rate
emotional eating
energy-balancing equation
an eating disorder characterized by self imposed starvation t…
the lowest level of oxygen consumption necessary to sustain l…
the consumption of large quantities of food to suppress negat…
a principle holding that as long as caloric input equals calo…
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by self imposed starvation t…
basal metabolic rate
the lowest level of oxygen consumption necessary to sustain l…
42 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anatomy: Chapter 2
prototypical cell
three basic parts of a human cell
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer
generalized cell (not a real cell in the body)
plasma (cell) membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
gatekeeper: regulates the passage of gases, nutrients, and wa…
out and inner layer that in insoluble in water... polar (charged…
prototypical cell
generalized cell (not a real cell in the body)
three basic parts of a human cell
plasma (cell) membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
55 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio midterm
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Hydrogen bond
...
...
...
...
Ionic bond
...
Covalent bond
...
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