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Study sets matching "carbon chapter 2"

22 terms
Chapter 2 Carbon Compounds
Organic Chemistry
Macromolecules
Monomers
Polymers
the branch of chemistry, originally limited to substances fou…
very large molecule
a compound whose molecules can join together to form a polymer
compound derived by the addition of many smaller molecules
Organic Chemistry
the branch of chemistry, originally limited to substances fou…
Macromolecules
very large molecule
chapter 2.3: Carbon Compounds
The Chemistry of Carbon
Macromocules
Monomers
Carbohydrates
Carbon atoms have four valence electrons, allowing them to fo…
Enormous organic compound in living cells which are made from…
Smaller unit join together to form Polymers
known as STARCH and SUGAR. They are composed of carbon, hydro…
The Chemistry of Carbon
Carbon atoms have four valence electrons, allowing them to fo…
Macromocules
Enormous organic compound in living cells which are made from…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 2 : Carbon
aliphatic hydrocarbon
aromatic hydrocarbon
enantiomers
functional group
hydrocarbon consisting of a linear chain of carbon atoms
hydrocarbon consisting of closed rings of carbon atoms
molecules that share overall structure and bonding patterns,…
group of atoms that provides or imparts a specific function t…
aliphatic hydrocarbon
hydrocarbon consisting of a linear chain of carbon atoms
aromatic hydrocarbon
hydrocarbon consisting of closed rings of carbon atoms
42 terms
Chapter 2: Families of Carbon Compounds
Hydrocarbons
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkynes
Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
only have single bond... e.g: Prop-ANE.
Contain at least one carbon-carbon double bond.... e.g: Prop-ENE.
Contain at least one carbon-carbon triple bond.... e.g: Prop-YNE.
Hydrocarbons
Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Alkanes
only have single bond... e.g: Prop-ANE.
19 terms
Carbon Compounds Chapter2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer... large compound formed from combinations of many monom…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
polymer... large compound formed from combinations of many monom…
27 terms
Chapter 2: Water and Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Ion
Polar Covalent Bond
has a partial positive charge
has a partial negative charge
an atom or a molecule that has lost or gained electrons and t…
Electrons are asymmetrically shared.
Hydrogen
has a partial positive charge
Oxygen
has a partial negative charge
24 terms
Chapter 2.3 : Carbon
Carbon
Tetra valence
Carbon chains
Hydrocarbons
Central element of life & Duct tape of life
Carbon can form four covalent bonds with a variety of atoms
Length, Double bond position, Branching, Presence of rings
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
Carbon
Central element of life & Duct tape of life
Tetra valence
Carbon can form four covalent bonds with a variety of atoms
20 terms
Chapter 2.3 - Carbon Compound
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
The smaller units that join together to form polymers
The larger units that are made up of monomers.
Macromolecules made up of sugar monomers that living things u…
another name for simple sugars - "one sugar"
Monomer
The smaller units that join together to form polymers
Polymer
The larger units that are made up of monomers.
83 terms
Chapter 2 (Water and Carbon)
All things (biotic and abiotic) are co…
Matter can undergo:
The building blocks of chemical evolut…
Element
Matter... (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
1. Physical changes... shape is altered but chemically the same…
Atoms, Ions, and Molecules
Matter composed of atoms that have the same number of positiv…
All things (biotic and abiotic) are co…
Matter... (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
Matter can undergo:
1. Physical changes... shape is altered but chemically the same…
22 terms
Biology Terms - Chapter 2.3 - Carbon Compounds
monomers
polymers
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. fro…
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usual…
simple sugars
monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. fro…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3- carbon compounds
organic chemistry
reasons carbon is important
organic compounds
four types of organic compounds
the study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
can make covalent bonds with other atoms (4 valence electrons…
compounds that contain carbon; biomolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
organic chemistry
the study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
reasons carbon is important
can make covalent bonds with other atoms (4 valence electrons…
19 terms
Chapter 2 Carbon Compounds Vocabulary
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon Compounds Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
22 terms
Biology Terms - Chapter 2.3 - Carbon Compounds
monomers
polymers
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. fro…
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usual…
simple sugars
monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. fro…
62 terms
Chapter 2: Families of Carbon Compounds
Hydrocarbons
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkynes
Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
only have single bond
Contain at least one carbon-carbon double bond.
Contain at least one carbon-carbon triple bond.
Hydrocarbons
Compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Alkanes
only have single bond
37 terms
Chapter 2 Families of Carbon Compounds
Functional Groups
Hydrocarbons
Alkane
Alkene
-Specific groups of atoms within molecules that are responsib…
-Organic molecules which are comprised of only carbon and hyd…
-Hydrocarbons which do not contain any multiple bonds.... -(ane)
-Hydrocarbons which contain at least one carbon-carbon double…
Functional Groups
-Specific groups of atoms within molecules that are responsib…
Hydrocarbons
-Organic molecules which are comprised of only carbon and hyd…
31 terms
Chapter 2 - 3 - Carbon compounds
organic chemistry
carbon is ___ ____
carbon can create ___ bonds, ___ bonds…
carbon atom (diagram)
the study of compounds containing carbon bonds
tetra valent
single, double, triple, ring
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon bonds
carbon is ___ ____
tetra valent
23 terms
Chapter 2 notes: Carbon compounds
Mono
Poly
Macro
Monomer
One
Many
Big
A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Mono
One
Poly
Many
11 terms
Chapter 2.3 Carbon Compounds
Organic Chemistry
Carbon Atoms
Monomers
Polymers
The study of compounds with bonds between carbon atoms.
Atoms that have four valence electrons and can bond with many…
Small units that join together to make polymers
Macromolecules made of smaller units called monomers
Organic Chemistry
The study of compounds with bonds between carbon atoms.
Carbon Atoms
Atoms that have four valence electrons and can bond with many…
31 terms
Chapter 2 - 3 - Carbon compounds
organic chemistry
carbon is ___ ____
carbon can create ___ bonds, ___ bonds…
carbon atom (diagram)
the study of compounds containing carbon bonds
tetra valent
single, double, triple, ring
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon bonds
carbon is ___ ____
tetra valent
Chapter 2.3 Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Polymer
Monosaccharide
A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
A substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Any of the class of sugars (e.g., glucose) that cannot be hyd…
Monomer
A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Carbohydrate
Any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
15 terms
Chapter 2.3 Carbon Compounds
CARBON
MACROMOLECULES
Poymerization
Carbohydrates
Unique qualities: ... 4 valence electrons which allow 4 covalen…
A large/giant carbon molecule formed by polymerization.... 4 typ…
The process by which macromolecules are formed. Monomers(sing…
- Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. In a…
CARBON
Unique qualities: ... 4 valence electrons which allow 4 covalen…
MACROMOLECULES
A large/giant carbon molecule formed by polymerization.... 4 typ…
8 terms
Chapter 2.3 Carbon
hydrocarbon
aliphatic hydrocarbons
aromatic hydrocarbons
isomers
organic molecules consisting of hydrogen and carbon
consist of linear chains of carbon atoms
closed rings of carbon atoms
molecules with the same structural structure but differ in pl…
hydrocarbon
organic molecules consisting of hydrogen and carbon
aliphatic hydrocarbons
consist of linear chains of carbon atoms
7 terms
Chapter 2.3: Carbon Compounds
Amino Acid
Carbohydrates
Lipid
Monomer
Compound with an amino acid group on one end and a carboxyl g…
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that is used…
A polymer such as fats and oils composed of mostly carbon and…
A small unit that joins with other small units to form polymers
Amino Acid
Compound with an amino acid group on one end and a carboxyl g…
Carbohydrates
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that is used…
36 terms
Chapter 2 - Carbon-based molecules
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Provides energy for cells
Contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Makes up most plant matter
3 classes include starches, glycogen, and cellulose
Carbohydrates
Provides energy for cells
Carbohydrates
Contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
30 terms
chapter 2: Carbon Chemistry
organic chemistry
4
chains
rings
the study of carbon compounds
Carbon atoms have _ valance electrons and easily join with ot…
carbon atoms form _ that contain single, double, and triple b…
carbon atoms can also form _ when exposed to water
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
4
Carbon atoms have _ valance electrons and easily join with ot…
9 terms
Chapter 2.3 - Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
simple sugar molecule
monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
9 terms
Carbon Compounds- Chapter 2
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together.
substances whose molecules have high molar masses and are com…
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usua…
Single sugar molecules.... Component of milk, and fructose, whic…
Monomer
Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together.
Polymer
substances whose molecules have high molar masses and are com…
10 terms
Bio-Chapter 2.3 Carbon
Organic Molecules
Hydrocarbons
Aliphatic(Hydrocarbon)
Aromatic(Hydrocarbon)
Any molecule containing carbon(except carbon dioxide)
Molecule that consists only of carbon and hydrogen
A type of hydrocarbon consisting of a linear chain of carbon…
A type of hydrocarbon consisting of closed rings of carbon at…
Organic Molecules
Any molecule containing carbon(except carbon dioxide)
Hydrocarbons
Molecule that consists only of carbon and hydrogen
9 terms
Chapter 2: Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
simple sugar molecule
Monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
Polymer
molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
19 terms
Chapter 2 - Water and Carbon
LUCA
cation
free radical
entropy (S)
The last universal common ancestor of cells. This theoretical…
A positively charged ion.
A substance containing one or more atoms with at least one un…
A quantitative measure of the amount of disorder of any syste…
LUCA
The last universal common ancestor of cells. This theoretical…
cation
A positively charged ion.
76 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Water and Carbon
Chemical evolution
The pattern componenet
The process component
Makes up 96% of all matter found in or…
Theory and leading scientific explanation for the origin of l…
Complex carbon-containing substances exist and are required f…
Simple chemical compounds combined to form more complex carbo…
Hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen
Chemical evolution
Theory and leading scientific explanation for the origin of l…
The pattern componenet
Complex carbon-containing substances exist and are required f…
Carbon Compounds Chapter 2 Vocabulary List
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon Compounds Chapter 2 Vocabulary List
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated…
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
any of the class of sugars (e.g., glucose) that cannot be hyd…
monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
polymer
a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated…
13 terms
Chapter 2 Carbon Compounds COIL
Organic compounds are classified into…
organic Chemistry
Why is carbon important?
Polymerization
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic acids, and Proteins
Study that contain carbon atoms
1. Carbon has 4 valance electrons that can join with other at…
Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones.
Organic compounds are classified into…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic acids, and Proteins
organic Chemistry
Study that contain carbon atoms
39 terms
Chapter 2: Carbon and Life
Covalent Bonds
Electronegative
Hydrogen Bond
Cohesion
bonds that involve sharing of electrons
has negative charges
partial negative charges on one water molecule can interact w…
state in which liquid water molecules are stuck together
Covalent Bonds
bonds that involve sharing of electrons
Electronegative
has negative charges
34 terms
Chapter 2: Water and Carbon
Atomic #
Mass #
Atomic Weight
Orbitals
# of Protons
# of Protons + Neutrons
Average of all the mass numbers of isotopes based on abundance
Specific regions where electrons move around nuclei
Atomic #
# of Protons
Mass #
# of Protons + Neutrons
71 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 2 WATER & CARBON
The innermost electron shell of an ato…
Which of these relationships is true o…
What determines the types of chemical…
Which of these figures correctly illus…
2
The number of protons is equal to the number of electrons.
the number of electrons in the outermost electron shell
The innermost electron shell of an ato…
2
Which of these relationships is true o…
The number of protons is equal to the number of electrons.
58 terms
Chapter 2 - Water and Carbon
Most of an atom's volume is _____ ____…
Atomic Number
Atoms with the same atomic number have…
Mass Number
Empty space
Every different atom has a characteristic number of protons i…
Chemical properties, element
Number of protons plus neutrons
Most of an atom's volume is _____ ____…
Empty space
Atomic Number
Every different atom has a characteristic number of protons i…
65 terms
Chapter 2: Water and Carbon
Pattern component of chemical evolution
Process component for chemical evolution
atomic number
mass number
complex carbon containing compounds exist and are required fo…
simple chemical compounds combine to form complex carbon cont…
number of protons
sum of protons and neutrons
Pattern component of chemical evolution
complex carbon containing compounds exist and are required fo…
Process component for chemical evolution
simple chemical compounds combine to form complex carbon cont…
9 terms
Chapter 2.3 Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
simple sugar molecule
monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
36 terms
Chapter 2.3: Carbon Compounds
macromolecules
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
DEFINITION - large organic polymer; giant molecules... 4 types…
DEFINITION - a subunit or building block molecule of a polyme…
DEFINITION - large molecule consisting of many identical or s…
DEFINITION - these MACROMOLECULES are the sugars, starches an…
macromolecules
DEFINITION - large organic polymer; giant molecules... 4 types…
monomer
DEFINITION - a subunit or building block molecule of a polyme…
30 terms
Chapter 2: water and carbon
Chemical Evolution
The pattern component
The process component
Protons have a _______ electric charge
The leading scientific explanation for the origin of life
In addition to small molecules, complex carbon containing sub…
Early Earth's history, simple chemical compounds combined to…
Positive
Chemical Evolution
The leading scientific explanation for the origin of life
The pattern component
In addition to small molecules, complex carbon containing sub…
27 terms
chapter 2 water and carbon
covalent bonds
proton
neuron
chemical bonds
two atoms that share a pair of electrons
has a mass of -1
has a mass of 1
attraction that binds atoms together
covalent bonds
two atoms that share a pair of electrons
proton
has a mass of -1
19 terms
Chapter 2.3 Carbon
What is organic chemistry and why is i…
What is special about carbon that make…
What are the SPONCH elements? Why are…
What is a carbon skeleton?
Study of carbon compoundds, carbon is backboneof bio-molecules
most molecules that make up living things are primarily based…
Sulfur, Phosohorus , Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen. They…
Refers to basis shape C atoms to take when they bond to form…
What is organic chemistry and why is i…
Study of carbon compoundds, carbon is backboneof bio-molecules
What is special about carbon that make…
most molecules that make up living things are primarily based…
77 terms
Chapter 2: Families of Carbon Compounds
Members of each functional group famil…
Outline what hydrocarbons are.
Outline what alkanes are.
Outline what alkenes are.
chemical properties; reactivity
Compounds that only contain Carbon & Hydrogen atoms.
Hydrocarbons that do not have multiple bonds between carbon a…
Hydrocarbons that contain at least one carbon to carbon doubl…
Members of each functional group famil…
chemical properties; reactivity
Outline what hydrocarbons are.
Compounds that only contain Carbon & Hydrogen atoms.
24 terms
Chapter 2 Water and Carbon
Chemical Evolution
Dalton
In the top-down approach to investig…
In the bottom-up approach to investi…
The theory that simple chemical compounds in the early atmosp…
the mass of a proton or neutron roughly equals one Dalton.
researchers examine modern cells to identify chemistry that i…
the primary focus is on the small molecules and environmental…
Chemical Evolution
The theory that simple chemical compounds in the early atmosp…
Dalton
the mass of a proton or neutron roughly equals one Dalton.
58 terms
Chapter 2.3- Carbon Compounds
The element that makes up all living t…
Molecules that make up polymers
A group of molecules(monomers) that ma…
Large organic compounds made of many p…
Carbon
Monomers
Polymers
Bio molecule/ Organic Molecule/ Macromolecule
The element that makes up all living t…
Carbon
Molecules that make up polymers
Monomers
21 terms
Chapter 2, The Carbon Compunds
Each Carbon atom has four electrons
A carbon atom can bond to other carbon…
Macromolecules
Polymerization
How many valence electrons does each atom have?
What gives carbon the ability to form chains that are almost…
Many of the molecules in living cells are so large that they…
What is the process called by which macro molecules are formed?
Each Carbon atom has four electrons
How many valence electrons does each atom have?
A carbon atom can bond to other carbon…
What gives carbon the ability to form chains that are almost…
83 terms
Chapter 2- Water and Carbon
An ______ is a substance composed of a…
An _____ is the basic unit of matter w…
Protons
Neutrons
Element
Atom; positively charged particles
positively charged particles of an atom are called _____. Hav…
neutral particles of an atom are called _____. Have a mass of 1
An ______ is a substance composed of a…
Element
An _____ is the basic unit of matter w…
Atom; positively charged particles
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