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Study sets matching "carbon compounds science"

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Study sets matching "carbon compounds science"

22 terms
Science Quiz- Carbon and Carbon Compounds
Allotropes
Organic Chemistry
Why is Carbon Special
Isomers
Different forms of the same element
Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds that contain carb…
Four Valence Electrons, forms stable covalent bonds, forms co…
Have the same molecular formula but a different structural fo…
Allotropes
Different forms of the same element
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds that contain carb…
7 terms
Science: Carbon Compounds
What is Carbon?
What are Macromolecules?
How many groups of organic compounds/m…
What are carbohydrates?
1. It has 4 valence electrons... 2. It bonds with other carbon a…
1. Monomers are small sub-units (links in chain)... 2. Polymers…
There are 4 groups of organic compounds/macromolecules:... 1. Ca…
1. Starches and Sugars... 2. Elements are C, H, and O... 3. The mon…
What is Carbon?
1. It has 4 valence electrons... 2. It bonds with other carbon a…
What are Macromolecules?
1. Monomers are small sub-units (links in chain)... 2. Polymers…
10 terms
Naming Carbon Compounds - Science
1
2
3
4
Meth
Eth
Prop
But
1
Meth
2
Eth
9 terms
Science- names of carbon compounds
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
10 terms
Science prefix carbon compounds
One
Two
Three
Four
Meth
Eth
Prop
But
One
Meth
Two
Eth
28 terms
Science: Carbon Compounds
organic compound
diamonds
graphite
fullerenes
any compound that contains carbon and hydrogen and usually ni…
atoms are bonded in a 3 dimensional rigid and organized pattern
atoms are bonded in weak, flat layers
large hollow spheres, also known as buckyballs
organic compound
any compound that contains carbon and hydrogen and usually ni…
diamonds
atoms are bonded in a 3 dimensional rigid and organized pattern
24 terms
Science Carbon Compounds
Carbon
Macromolecules
Lipids
Functions of Lipids
can bond with other carbons to form chains/branches/rings
most are polymers, giant molecules like carbohydrates/lipids/…
hydrocarbons, not a polymer, not water soluble, made of 3 fat…
energy storage, membrane structure, waterproofing
Carbon
can bond with other carbons to form chains/branches/rings
Macromolecules
most are polymers, giant molecules like carbohydrates/lipids/…
24 terms
Science Carbon Compounds
Macro Monomer
four classes of biological materials
example of carbohydrates
example of lipds
(polymer) made by joining many monomers through polymerization
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and protein
(sugars, starches, cellulose)
(waxes, fats, oils, steroids)
Macro Monomer
(polymer) made by joining many monomers through polymerization
four classes of biological materials
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and protein
16 terms
Science Carbon Compounds Chart
What are the building units of carbohy…
What are some uses of carbohydrates in…
What are the chemical names of carbohy…
Give two examples of carbohydrates
saccharides
sources of energy, structural materials, and cellular identif…
monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides
cellulose and starches
What are the building units of carbohy…
saccharides
What are some uses of carbohydrates in…
sources of energy, structural materials, and cellular identif…
20 terms
H Sciences- carbon compounds
Organic compound
Functional group
Alcohol
Monomer
A compound containing carbon atoms covalently bonded to other…
A cluster of atoms in a compound that influences the properti…
An organic compound with a hydroxyl group attached to one of…
A simple molecule that can bond to others of its kind to form…
Organic compound
A compound containing carbon atoms covalently bonded to other…
Functional group
A cluster of atoms in a compound that influences the properti…
18 terms
Science Quiz On Carbon Compounds
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
Really Large Cells
Process by which macromolecules are fo…
Monomers joined together forms
4
Macromolecule.
Condensation
Polymers
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
4
Really Large Cells
Macromolecule.
9 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharides
a single unit
Long chain of repeating subunits
Sugars or chains of sugars
1 sugar
Monomer
a single unit
Polymer
Long chain of repeating subunits
16 terms
Carbon compounds
Organic Compound
Network Solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
This compound always contains carbon and hydrogen and often c…
This is when all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
An organic compound that only contains hydrogen and carbon
all of the bonds in this are single bonds. It contains the ma…
Organic Compound
This compound always contains carbon and hydrogen and often c…
Network Solid
This is when all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
9 terms
Science 2.3 (Carbon Compounds)
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules.
A compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; typ…
A simple sugar molecule.
Monomer
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Polymer
Molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules.
20 terms
Science 2.3 Carbon compounds
___Is the study of compounds that cont…
____ is the study of all other compounds
Carbon has___ valence electron which m…
Valence electrons
Organic chemistry; Carbon
Inorganic chemistry
4 ; it can form bonds with as many as 4 other atoms
Electrons in outer shell these are the electrons the make bonds
___Is the study of compounds that cont…
Organic chemistry; Carbon
____ is the study of all other compounds
Inorganic chemistry
9 terms
Carbon compounds
Organic compound
Molecular formula
Subscript
Structural formula
Most compounds that contain carbon
A combination of chemical symbols that represent the elements…
A number in a formula written lower and smaller than the symb…
A description of a molecule that shows the kind, number, and…
Organic compound
Most compounds that contain carbon
Molecular formula
A combination of chemical symbols that represent the elements…
16 terms
2-3 "Carbon Compounds" (Science)
Proteins
Amino Acids
Saturated
Unsaturated
macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydro…
compound with an amino group on one end and carboxyl group on…
fatty acids containing the maximum possible # of hydrogen atoms
carbon-carbon double bond
Proteins
macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydro…
Amino Acids
compound with an amino group on one end and carboxyl group on…
9 terms
Science 2.3 carbon compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macroeconomic.
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
Monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macroeconomic.
30 terms
Carbon compounds
Organic Compund
Monomers
Polymers
Macromolecules
Compounds created by organisms
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
are large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecule…
the large molecules necessary for life, include carbohydrates…
Organic Compund
Compounds created by organisms
Monomers
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
18 terms
Science Quiz On Carbon Compounds
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
Really Large Cells
Process by which macromolecules are fo…
Monomers joined together forms
4
Macromolecule.
Condensation
Polymers
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
4
Really Large Cells
Macromolecule.
70 terms
Tenth Science -9) Amazing World of Carbon Compounds .
At the beginning of the 19th century,…
9, AMAZING WORLD OF COMPOUNDS
Compounds obtained from minerals were…
Wohler, a German chemist synthesized t…
organic compounds
...
inorganic compounds
Ammonium cyanate
At the beginning of the 19th century,…
organic compounds
9, AMAZING WORLD OF COMPOUNDS
...
13 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
small units that join together to form polymers
larger unit formed by monomers
organic compound that living things use as their main source…
organic compound used to store energy; also used in biologica…
monomer
small units that join together to form polymers
polymer
larger unit formed by monomers
29 terms
Carbon Compounds
organic chemistry
Carbon compound
What are the four groups of organic co…
organic compounds
-The study of living or previously living organisms containin…
-compounds which contain Carbon. (C)... c-arbon atoms can have f…
-carbohydrates... -lipids... -nucleic acids... -proteins.
-chemicals that contain carbon... -support life ... -includes prote…
organic chemistry
-The study of living or previously living organisms containin…
Carbon compound
-compounds which contain Carbon. (C)... c-arbon atoms can have f…
20 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic compound
Monomers
Polymers
Macromolecules
Compounds that contain carbon
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon
Monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
10 terms
Carbon Compounds
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Lipids
organic molecule made of carbon and hydrogen. ... Function: imme…
organic molecule that contains nitrogen... Function: most life f…
organic molecule that contains sugars, phosphates and nitroge…
Organic molecule that is mostly carbon and hydrogen... Function:…
Carbohydrates
organic molecule made of carbon and hydrogen. ... Function: imme…
Proteins
organic molecule that contains nitrogen... Function: most life f…
40 terms
Carbon Compounds
Macromolecules
Polymerization
Mono-
Poly-
Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Micromolecules form Macromolecules through _________
One
Many
Macromolecules
Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Polymerization
Micromolecules form Macromolecules through _________
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Lipids
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Single sugar molecules
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Carbohydrates
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
8 terms
Carbon compounds ||
Nucleic acid
DNA
RNA
Nucleotides
A biological macromolecule (DNA or RNA) composed of the eleme…
a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double h…
Ribonucleic acid
Nucleic acid
A biological macromolecule (DNA or RNA) composed of the eleme…
DNA
a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double h…
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Single sugar cell
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; main…
Single sugar molecule
Monomer
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Carbon Compounds
Carbon
Organic compound
Monomers
Polymers
A gas that is expelled from the body by the respiratory system.
Compounds that contain carbon
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Carbon
A gas that is expelled from the body by the respiratory system.
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
20 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic compound
Monomers
Polymer
Macromolecules
The study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
large molecules that form when small molecules join together
Organic compound
The study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
Monomers
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
12 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
monomer
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Carbon compounds
Mono
Poly
Monomer
Polymer
One
Many
Building block
Many pieces together
Mono
One
Poly
Many
10 terms
Carbon Compounds
methane
ethane
propane
butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
methane
CH4
ethane
C2H6
8 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrates
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
single unit
many small units joined together to form a bigger unit
compounds made of C, H, and O atoms in a 1:2:1 ratio
the monomer of carbohydrates
monomer
single unit
polymer
many small units joined together to form a bigger unit
9 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharides
a single unit
Long chain of repeating subunits
Sugars or chains of sugars
1 sugar
Monomer
a single unit
Polymer
Long chain of repeating subunits
8 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic compound
Monomers
Polymers
Carbohydrate
Compounds that are created by organisms.
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Broken down to simple sugars
Organic compound
Compounds that are created by organisms.
Monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
- the small unit that can join together with other smaller un…
- a large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
- a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; m…
- a single sugar molecule
Monomer
- the small unit that can join together with other smaller un…
Polymer
- a large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
19 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Single sugar molecule
Monomer
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
26 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic Compund
Monomers
Polymers
Macromolecules
Compounds created by organisms
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
are large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecule…
the large molecules necessary for life, include carbohydrates…
Organic Compund
Compounds created by organisms
Monomers
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
8 terms
Carbon Compounds
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
mono-
poly-
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides
single
many
monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
polysaccharide
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides
10 terms
Carbon Compounds
ionic bond- bond formed when one or mo…
covalent bond- bond formed by the shar…
molecule- smallest unit of most compou…
polymer- large compound formed from co…
enlace iónico- enlace formado cuando uno o más electrones se…
enlace covalente- enlace formado entre átomos al compartir el…
molécula- unidad más pequeña de los compuestos
polímero- compuesto grande formado por combinaciones de mucho…
ionic bond- bond formed when one or mo…
enlace iónico- enlace formado cuando uno o más electrones se…
covalent bond- bond formed by the shar…
enlace covalente- enlace formado entre átomos al compartir el…
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