Study sets matching "carbon compounds science"

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Study sets matching "carbon compounds science"

22 terms
Science Quiz- Carbon and Carbon Compounds
Allotropes
Organic Chemistry
Why is Carbon Special
Isomers
Different forms of the same element
Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds that contain carb…
Four Valence Electrons, forms stable covalent bonds, forms co…
Have the same molecular formula but a different structural fo…
Allotropes
Different forms of the same element
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds that contain carb…
28 terms
Science: Carbon Compounds
organic compound
diamonds
graphite
fullerenes
any compound that contains carbon and hydrogen and usually ni…
atoms are bonded in a 3 dimensional rigid and organized pattern
atoms are bonded in weak, flat layers
large hollow spheres, also known as buckyballs
organic compound
any compound that contains carbon and hydrogen and usually ni…
diamonds
atoms are bonded in a 3 dimensional rigid and organized pattern
24 terms
Science Carbon Compounds
Carbon
Macromolecules
Lipids
Functions of Lipids
can bond with other carbons to form chains/branches/rings
most are polymers, giant molecules like carbohydrates/lipids/…
hydrocarbons, not a polymer, not water soluble, made of 3 fat…
energy storage, membrane structure, waterproofing
Carbon
can bond with other carbons to form chains/branches/rings
Macromolecules
most are polymers, giant molecules like carbohydrates/lipids/…
Science Carbon Compounds
Macro Monomer
four classes of biological materials
example of carbohydrates
example of lipds
(polymer) made by joining many monomers through polymerization
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and protein
(sugars, starches, cellulose)
(waxes, fats, oils, steroids)
Macro Monomer
(polymer) made by joining many monomers through polymerization
four classes of biological materials
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and protein
Naming Carbon Compounds - Science
1
2
3
4
Meth
Eth
Prop
But
1
Meth
2
Eth
Science- names of carbon compounds
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
Science: Carbon Compounds
What is Carbon?
What are Macromolecules?
How many groups of organic compounds/m…
What are carbohydrates?
1. It has 4 valence electrons... 2. It bonds with other carbon a…
1. Monomers are small sub-units (links in chain)... 2. Polymers…
There are 4 groups of organic compounds/macromolecules:... 1. Ca…
1. Starches and Sugars... 2. Elements are C, H, and O... 3. The mon…
What is Carbon?
1. It has 4 valence electrons... 2. It bonds with other carbon a…
What are Macromolecules?
1. Monomers are small sub-units (links in chain)... 2. Polymers…
16 terms
Science Carbon Compounds Chart
What are the building units of carbohy…
What are some uses of carbohydrates in…
What are the chemical names of carbohy…
Give two examples of carbohydrates
saccharides
sources of energy, structural materials, and cellular identif…
monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides
cellulose and starches
What are the building units of carbohy…
saccharides
What are some uses of carbohydrates in…
sources of energy, structural materials, and cellular identif…
10 terms
Science prefix carbon compounds
One
Two
Three
Four
Meth
Eth
Prop
But
One
Meth
Two
Eth
18 terms
Science Quiz On Carbon Compounds
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
Really Large Cells
Process by which macromolecules are fo…
Monomers joined together forms
4
Macromolecule.
Condensation
Polymers
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
4
Really Large Cells
Macromolecule.
21 terms
science(carbon compounds)
Why is carbon important?
Macromolecules
Polymerization
What are Carbohydrates made of
-Chemistry of Life... -C atoms are versatile building blocks... *4…
-Formed when smaller organic molecules join together to make…
-Smaller molecules = building blocks = monomers (mono = one)…
sugar
Why is carbon important?
-Chemistry of Life... -C atoms are versatile building blocks... *4…
Macromolecules
-Formed when smaller organic molecules join together to make…
20 terms
H Sciences- carbon compounds
Organic compound
Functional group
Alcohol
Monomer
A compound containing carbon atoms covalently bonded to other…
A cluster of atoms in a compound that influences the properti…
An organic compound with a hydroxyl group attached to one of…
A simple molecule that can bond to others of its kind to form…
Organic compound
A compound containing carbon atoms covalently bonded to other…
Functional group
A cluster of atoms in a compound that influences the properti…
20 terms
Science 2.3 Carbon compounds
___Is the study of compounds that cont…
____ is the study of all other compounds
Carbon has___ valence electron which m…
Valence electrons
Organic chemistry; Carbon
Inorganic chemistry
4 ; it can form bonds with as many as 4 other atoms
Electrons in outer shell these are the electrons the make bonds
___Is the study of compounds that cont…
Organic chemistry; Carbon
____ is the study of all other compounds
Inorganic chemistry
16 terms
Carbon compounds
Organic Compound
Network Solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
This compound always contains carbon and hydrogen and often c…
This is when all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
An organic compound that only contains hydrogen and carbon
all of the bonds in this are single bonds. It contains the ma…
Organic Compound
This compound always contains carbon and hydrogen and often c…
Network Solid
This is when all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
7 terms
Carbon Compounds
Carbon
Organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
Carbohydrates
The chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has…
Carbon compounds include gas (such as propane), liquids (oliv…
A compound that contains only the elements carbon and hydrogen.
An energy rich organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen a…
Carbon
The chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has…
Organic compounds
Carbon compounds include gas (such as propane), liquids (oliv…
9 terms
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharides
a single unit
Long chain of repeating subunits
Sugars or chains of sugars
1 sugar
Monomer
a single unit
Polymer
Long chain of repeating subunits
2-3 "Carbon Compounds" (Science)
Proteins
Amino Acids
Saturated
Unsaturated
macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydro…
compound with an amino group on one end and carboxyl group on…
fatty acids containing the maximum possible # of hydrogen atoms
carbon-carbon double bond
Proteins
macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydro…
Amino Acids
compound with an amino group on one end and carboxyl group on…
9 terms
Science 2.3 (Carbon Compounds)
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules.
A compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; typ…
A simple sugar molecule.
Monomer
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Polymer
Molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules.
Science Quiz On Carbon Compounds
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
Really Large Cells
Process by which macromolecules are fo…
Monomers joined together forms
4
Macromolecule.
Condensation
Polymers
# of Valence electrons in Carbon
4
Really Large Cells
Macromolecule.
16 terms
Carbon compounds
Organic Compound
Network Solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
This compound always contains carbon and hydrogen and often c…
This is when all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
An organic compound that only contains hydrogen and carbon
all of the bonds in this are single bonds. It contains the ma…
Organic Compound
This compound always contains carbon and hydrogen and often c…
Network Solid
This is when all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
Carbon compounds
Organic Compund
Monomers
Polymers
Macromolecules
Compounds created by organisms
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
are large molecules composed of many similar smaller molecule…
the large molecules necessary for life, include carbohydrates…
Organic Compund
Compounds created by organisms
Monomers
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
54 terms
Carbon Compounds
four
Carbon
macromolecules
monomer
number of valence electrons of Carbon
organic compounds contain
giant molecules
small molecular subunit, building block of larger molecules
four
number of valence electrons of Carbon
Carbon
organic compounds contain
Science 2.3 carbon compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macroeconomic.
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
Monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macroeconomic.
Carbon Compounds
Macromolecules
Polymerization
Mono-
Poly-
Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Micromolecules form Macromolecules through _________
One
Many
Macromolecules
Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Polymerization
Micromolecules form Macromolecules through _________
9 terms
Carbon compounds
Organic compound
Molecular formula
Subscript
Structural formula
Most compounds that contain carbon
A combination of chemical symbols that represent the elements…
A number in a formula written lower and smaller than the symb…
A description of a molecule that shows the kind, number, and…
Organic compound
Most compounds that contain carbon
Molecular formula
A combination of chemical symbols that represent the elements…
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Lipids
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Single sugar molecules
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Carbohydrates
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
10 terms
Carbon Compounds
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Lipids
organic molecule made of carbon and hydrogen. ... Function: imme…
organic molecule that contains nitrogen... Function: most life f…
organic molecule that contains sugars, phosphates and nitroge…
Organic molecule that is mostly carbon and hydrogen... Function:…
Carbohydrates
organic molecule made of carbon and hydrogen. ... Function: imme…
Proteins
organic molecule that contains nitrogen... Function: most life f…
Carbon Compounds
monomers
polymers
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
a substance has a molecular structure build up completely fro…
compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a r…
single sugar molercules
monomers
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
polymers
a substance has a molecular structure build up completely fro…
Carbon Compounds
organic chemistry
Carbon compound
What are the four groups of organic co…
organic compounds
-The study of living or previously living organisms containin…
-compounds which contain Carbon. (C)... c-arbon atoms can have f…
-carbohydrates... -lipids... -nucleic acids... -proteins.
-chemicals that contain carbon... -support life ... -includes prote…
organic chemistry
-The study of living or previously living organisms containin…
Carbon compound
-compounds which contain Carbon. (C)... c-arbon atoms can have f…
12 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
70 terms
Tenth Science -9) Amazing World of Carbon Compounds .
At the beginning of the 19th century,…
9, AMAZING WORLD OF COMPOUNDS
Compounds obtained from minerals were…
Wohler, a German chemist synthesized t…
organic compounds
...
inorganic compounds
Ammonium cyanate
At the beginning of the 19th century,…
organic compounds
9, AMAZING WORLD OF COMPOUNDS
...
27 terms
Carbon Compounds
organic chemistry
macromolecule
Polymerization
monomers
The study of all compounds that contain carbon
large organic compounds
the process of building large compounds by joining smaller on…
the smaller units which are the building blocks of polymers
organic chemistry
The study of all compounds that contain carbon
macromolecule
large organic compounds
13 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
small units that join together to form polymers
larger unit formed by monomers
organic compound that living things use as their main source…
organic compound used to store energy; also used in biologica…
monomer
small units that join together to form polymers
polymer
larger unit formed by monomers
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
20 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic compound
Monomers
Polymers
Macromolecules
Compounds that contain carbon
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon
Monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecules composed of many monomers; makes up biomolecules
compound made up a carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type o…
simple sugar molecule
monomer
small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
molecules composed of many monomers; makes up biomolecules
Carbon Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
Single sugar molecule
Monomer
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
12 terms
Carbon Compounds
CARBOHYDRATES
PROTEINS
ex. DNA/RNA
function- long term energy/cushioning
LIPIDS
NUCLEIC ACIDS
function- waterproof/insulate
function- fight disease/control metabolism
CARBOHYDRATES
LIPIDS
PROTEINS
NUCLEIC ACIDS
Carbon Compounds
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Organic
Inorganic
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element.
Contains carbon.
Does not contain carbon.
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
Atomic Mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element.
12 terms
Carbon Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
monomer
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
38 terms
Carbon Compounds
Carbon
Form of Carbon
Organic Chemistry
What was the first man made organic co…
Unique, comes in single/ double or triple bonds in chains tha…
Diamond: rigid and strong arrangement.... Graphite: Soft... Amorpho…
Study of carbon coumpounds. Organisms were only known to prod…
Urea
Carbon
Unique, comes in single/ double or triple bonds in chains tha…
Form of Carbon
Diamond: rigid and strong arrangement.... Graphite: Soft... Amorpho…
Carbon Compounds
Organic compound
Monomers
Polymer
Macromolecules
The study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
large molecules that form when small molecules join together
Organic compound
The study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
Monomers
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
13 terms
Carbon Compounds
Carbohydrate function
Lipid function
Nucleic acid function
Protein function
main source of energy
store energy and make up membranes
store and transmit hereditary, or genetic, information
regulate cell processes, make up cellular structures, transpo…
Carbohydrate function
main source of energy
Lipid function
store energy and make up membranes
7 terms
Carbon Compounds
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Triacylglycerols (lipid)
Phospholipids (lipid)
-Monosaccharides (glucose, fructose) and disaccharides (lacto…
Hydrophobic (phospholipids are special)
(Fats and oils) Glycerol + 3 fatty acids... -Saturated and unsat…
Glycerol + Phosphate group + 2 fatty acids... -Functions as lipi…
Carbohydrates
-Monosaccharides (glucose, fructose) and disaccharides (lacto…
Lipids
Hydrophobic (phospholipids are special)
18 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic Chemistry
Carbon Atoms
1st shell holds
2nd shell holds
Study of Carbon Compounds
Have four valence electrons in a shell that holds eight
2
8
Organic Chemistry
Study of Carbon Compounds
Carbon Atoms
Have four valence electrons in a shell that holds eight
10 terms
Carbon Compounds
methane
ethane
propane
butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
methane
CH4
ethane
C2H6
25 terms
Carbon Compounds
Organic chemistry
Polymerization
Monomer
Polymer
Study of all compounds that contain carbon
Process where macromolecules are formed
Small units that are joined together
Large unit formed by joining monomers
Organic chemistry
Study of all compounds that contain carbon
Polymerization
Process where macromolecules are formed
Carbon compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxegen atoms ; majo…
Single sugar molecule
Monomer
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
8 terms
Carbon Compounds
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
mono-
poly-
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides
single
many
monosaccharide
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
polysaccharide
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides
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