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Study sets matching "carboxylic acids"

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Study sets matching "carboxylic acids"

17 terms
Carboxylic Acids
methanoic acid
pentanoic acid
2-methylbutanoic acid
propanoic acid
Name this carboxylic acid
Name this carboxylic acid
Name this carboxylic acid
Name this carboxylic acid
methanoic acid
Name this carboxylic acid
pentanoic acid
Name this carboxylic acid
12 terms
Carboxylic acids
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
propanoic acid
butanoic acid
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
12 terms
carboxylic acids
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
propanoic acid
butanoic acid
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
12 terms
Carboxylic Acids
C10
weak
nucleophilic
esters
Carboxylic acids up to ____ are liquids at room temp
They are _______ acids
They undergo ________________ substitution reactions to form…
React with alcohols to make __________
C10
Carboxylic acids up to ____ are liquids at room temp
weak
They are _______ acids
12 terms
Carboxylic acids
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
propanoic acid
butanoic acid
methanoic acid
ethanoic acid
9 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Formic Acid
Acetic Acid
Propionic Acid
Butyric Acid
Formic Acid
Acetic Acid
16 terms
Carboxylic acids
Animals
Plants
Saturated fats
Carboxylic acids
rich in saturated fats
rich in unsaturated fats
have a longer shelf life than unsaturated fats
have the most oxidized carbon
Animals
rich in saturated fats
Plants
rich in unsaturated fats
22 terms
Carboxylic Acids
formic acid
acetic acid
propionic acid
2 carboxylic acid groups
methanoic acid... deprotonated form: methanoate, formate
ethanoic acid
propanoic acid
-dioic acid
formic acid
methanoic acid... deprotonated form: methanoate, formate
acetic acid
ethanoic acid
61 terms
Carboxylic Acids
carboxylic acid
oic acid
carbonyl
formic acid
this contains both a carbonyl group and a hydroxyl group bond…
in the IUPAC system, carb acids are named by adding ___ to th…
when carb acid is highest priority, the ___ carbon becomes one
carboxylic acid
this contains both a carbonyl group and a hydroxyl group bond…
oic acid
in the IUPAC system, carb acids are named by adding ___ to th…
12 terms
carboxylic acids
amide
ester
Fischer esterification
acid anhydrides
formed when a carboxylic acid reacts with an amine in the pre…
derived when a carboxylic acid reacts with an alcohol
acid-catalyzed esterification of carboxylic acids with alcohols
formed when a carboxylic acid reacts with an acid chloride in…
amide
formed when a carboxylic acid reacts with an amine in the pre…
ester
derived when a carboxylic acid reacts with an alcohol
20 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Formic acid
Acetic acid
Propionic acid
butyric acid
Formic acid
Acetic acid
9 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Naming
Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylation of Grignard Reagents
Hydrolysis of Cyanides
IUPAC requires that the "-e" ending in alkanE should be repla…
Weak. (due to stabilization of carboxylate ion)... pKa ~ 4-5... El…
After making cyanohydrin, adding H2O, HCl, and heat will form…
Naming
IUPAC requires that the "-e" ending in alkanE should be repla…
Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
Weak. (due to stabilization of carboxylate ion)... pKa ~ 4-5... El…
66 terms
Carboxylic acids
carboxylic acid formula
acyl group
carbonyl group
IUPAC Naming: monocarboxylic acid
has a POLAR bond
has a NONPOLAR bond
replace "-e" of parent chain name with "-oic acid", assign #1…
carboxylic acid formula
acyl group
has a POLAR bond
8 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic Acid
Formic Acid
Acetic Acid (AcOH)
Butanoic Acid
Carboxylic Acid
Formic Acid
Carboxylic acids
Oxalic acid... Ethandioic acid
Malonic acid ... Propanedioic acid
Succinic acid... Butanedioic acid
Glutaric acid... Pentanedioic acid
Oxalic acid... Ethandioic acid
Malonic acid ... Propanedioic acid
10 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acid nomenclature
Synthesis by oxidation
Oxidative cleavage of alkene
Carbonation of Organometallic reagents
-oic acid... if deprotonated, -ate
strong oxidizing agents: KMnO4, K2Cr2O7, CrO3... aldehydes, prim…
Carboxylic acid nomenclature
-oic acid... if deprotonated, -ate
Synthesis by oxidation
strong oxidizing agents: KMnO4, K2Cr2O7, CrO3... aldehydes, prim…
12 terms
carboxylic acids
Functional group
ending in
Methanoic acid
Ethanoic acid
-COOH
anoic acid
HCOOH
ch3COOH
Functional group
-COOH
ending in
anoic acid
16 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Formic Acid
Acetic Acid
What name change occurs when a carboxy…
Hydrogen Bonding in Carboxylic Acids
The name is changed to end in the suffix -ate.
Carboxylic acids are polar and form hydrogen bonds between th…
Formic Acid
Acetic Acid
21 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Naming a Carboxylic Acid
Physical properties of carboxylic acids
Dimers
Acidity of carboxylic acids
-oic acid. Salts are -oate and dicarboxylic acids are -doic a…
Polar and hydrogen bond well=high bp. Often are dimers in sol…
Pairs of molecules connected by two hydrogen bonds
Increased by resonance between Oxygen atoms. Further enhanced…
Naming a Carboxylic Acid
-oic acid. Salts are -oate and dicarboxylic acids are -doic a…
Physical properties of carboxylic acids
Polar and hydrogen bond well=high bp. Often are dimers in sol…
18 terms
Carboxylic Acids
carboxylic acid
nomenclature
physical properties
synthesis of carboxylic acids
always terminal
oic acid ... carboyl carbon is carbon #1... for rings add suffix ca…
are polar ... can hydrogen bond... tend to form dimers... highest bp... a…
1. via oxidation of aldehydes and primary alcohols using a di…
carboxylic acid
always terminal
nomenclature
oic acid ... carboyl carbon is carbon #1... for rings add suffix ca…
44 terms
Carboxylic Acids
average pKa of carboxylic acids
average pKa of alcohols
Carboxylic acids
Carboxylic acids nomenclature
3-6
17
when highest-priority functional group...adding -oic acid to…
average pKa of carboxylic acids
3-6
average pKa of alcohols
17
29 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Describe and explain the boiling point…
Describe and explain the solubility of…
The structure of carboxylic acids.
The structure of esters.
Boiling points are higher than corresponding alcohols of simi…
They are very soluble in water as they can form hydrogen bond…
Describe and explain the boiling point…
Boiling points are higher than corresponding alcohols of simi…
Describe and explain the solubility of…
They are very soluble in water as they can form hydrogen bond…
37 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Properties of Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic Acid Synthesis
Odor of esters
Ester uses
1. behave like inorganic weak acids... 2. undergo neutralization…
primary alcohols + MnO4- + H2SO4... primary alcohols + Cr2O7 -2+…
pleasant odor
1. Flavorings... 2. Perfumes... 3. Lipids
Properties of Carboxylic Acids
1. behave like inorganic weak acids... 2. undergo neutralization…
Carboxylic Acid Synthesis
primary alcohols + MnO4- + H2SO4... primary alcohols + Cr2O7 -2+…
9 terms
carboxylic acids
formic acid
acetic acid
propionic acid
butyric acid
formic acid
acetic acid
Carboxylic Acids
carboylic acids contain a
general carboxylic structure
boiling points
solubility
Carbonyl group C=O... also found in aldehydes, ketones, and acyl…
the OH makes them souble in water
the larger the chain, the higher the boiling point. this is b…
the larger the chain the lower the solubility
carboylic acids contain a
Carbonyl group C=O... also found in aldehydes, ketones, and acyl…
general carboxylic structure
the OH makes them souble in water
10 terms
Carboxylic acids
Methanoic acid
Ethanoic acid
Propanoic acid
Butanoic acid
Formic acid (ant toxic)
Acetic acid (vinegar)
Propinoic acid... Inhibits the growth of mold and some bacteria…
Butryric acid (gives the smell to vomit, milk and body odor)
Methanoic acid
Formic acid (ant toxic)
Ethanoic acid
Acetic acid (vinegar)
13 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acid
A) weak
methanoic acid ... Formic acid
ethanoic acid ... acetic acid
Name this structure
Chemical properties ... A) Acid type
Name this structure
Name this structure
Carboxylic acid
Name this structure
A) weak
Chemical properties ... A) Acid type
26 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Preparation of Carboxylic Acids?
Equation for reaction of propanenitril…
Why are products ammonia + carboxylate…
Equation for reaction of propanenitril…
1. Hydrolysis of Nitriles... 2.Oxidation of a primary alcohol
CH₃CH₂CN + OH⁻ + H₂O → CH₃CH₂COO⁻ + NH₃
Alkaline conditions, so deprotonated form
CH₃CH₂CN + 2H₂O + H⁺ → CH₃CH₂COOH + NH₄⁺
Preparation of Carboxylic Acids?
1. Hydrolysis of Nitriles... 2.Oxidation of a primary alcohol
Equation for reaction of propanenitril…
CH₃CH₂CN + OH⁻ + H₂O → CH₃CH₂COO⁻ + NH₃
27 terms
carboxylic acids
# carbons for miscible in water for es…
# carbons for miscible in water for CO…
glycolic acid
lactic acid
3
5 (hydrogen bonding)
also called 2-hydroxyethanoic acid, alpha-hydroxyacetic acid
2-hydroxypropanoic acid/alpha-hydroxypropionic acid
# carbons for miscible in water for es…
3
# carbons for miscible in water for CO…
5 (hydrogen bonding)
16 terms
Carboxylic acids
formic acid
acetic acid
propionic acid
butyric acid
formic acid
acetic acid
11 terms
Carboxylic Acids
4-methyl-3-hexenoic acid
5-methylhexanoic acid
Name the compound
Name the compound
4-methyl-3-hexenoic acid
Name the compound
5-methylhexanoic acid
Name the compound
101 terms
Carboxylic acids
Chapter 16: Carboxylic acids
what is a carboxylic acid
a carboxylic acid is always where in t…
nomenclature of a carboxylic acid (end…
Chapter 16: Carboxylic acids
has both a carbonyl group (C=O) and a hydroxyl group (-OH)... (…
on the end
-oic
Chapter 16: Carboxylic acids
Chapter 16: Carboxylic acids
what is a carboxylic acid
has both a carbonyl group (C=O) and a hydroxyl group (-OH)... (…
15 terms
Carboxylic Acids
The basics
Dimers
Boiling Point Trends
methanoic acid ... formic acid
Strongly polar, two polar groups (OH and C=O, OH is most polar)
Hydrogen bonding between two acids forms h-bonded acid dimers…
-more carbons = higher BP... ranked lowest to highest... --aldehyde…
The basics
Strongly polar, two polar groups (OH and C=O, OH is most polar)
Dimers
Hydrogen bonding between two acids forms h-bonded acid dimers…
24 terms
carboxylic acids
maleic acid
what is a substituent with only a benz…
why do carboxylic acids have higher th…
Is decanoic acid soluble or insoluble…
phenyl group
dimeric associations involving hydrogen bonding
soluble
maleic acid
what is a substituent with only a benz…
phenyl group
18 terms
Carboxylic acids
oxalic acid
Butyric acid
Formic acid
Pyruvic acid
CH₃-C(=O)-COOH
oxalic acid
Butyric acid
13 terms
Carboxylic acids
What is a homologous series
What is the functional group of carbox…
What is the name of the first member o…
How many carbon atoms does propanoic a…
a series of chemicals with the same general formula and simil…
-COOH
methanoic acid
3
What is a homologous series
a series of chemicals with the same general formula and simil…
What is the functional group of carbox…
-COOH
13 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Why are carboxylic acids very soluble?
Describe the effect of the length of t…
How strong of an acid is a carboxylic…
Name two types of reactions carboxylic…
There are two places on the functional group that can make…
As the chain length increases, the solubility decreases.…
It is a weak acid, as it partially dissociates in water.
Redox reactions.....with metals... and... Neutralisation reac…
Why are carboxylic acids very soluble?
There are two places on the functional group that can make…
Describe the effect of the length of t…
As the chain length increases, the solubility decreases.…
17 terms
Carboxylic acids
formic acid
benzoic acid
acetic acid
caproic acid
6 carbons... latin for goat
formic acid
benzoic acid
19 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acids:
Oxidation and carboxylic acids:
Hydrogen on the hydroxy group:
3 mechanisms to produce carboxylic aci…
They contain a hydroxyl group (OH) and a carbonyl carbon (C=O…
Carboxylic acids are the most oxidized organic compounds (oth…
The hydrogen on the hydroxy group is highly acidic..... The pKa…
oxidation of alcohols and alkenes... carbonation with grignard r…
Carboxylic acids:
They contain a hydroxyl group (OH) and a carbonyl carbon (C=O…
Oxidation and carboxylic acids:
Carboxylic acids are the most oxidized organic compounds (oth…
52 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic Acid
Formic acid
Acetic Acid
What do you replace the -e with for na…
-oic acid
Carboxylic Acid
Formic acid
10 terms
Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives
Carboxyl group
Methanoic acid
Ethanoic acid
Butanoic acid
formic acid
acetic acid
butyric acid
Carboxyl group
Methanoic acid
formic acid
10 terms
Carboxylic Acids
What are the properties of carboxylic…
What are the 7 main reactions of carbo…
how are carboxylic acids mainly synthe…
How do nucleophilic acyl substitions p…
-physical properties similar to ketones and aldehydes (except…
1. Synthesis... 2. Nucleophilic acyl substitution... 3. Esterificat…
oxidation of aldehydes and primary alcohols
-nucleophilic attack opens up the carbonyl, the carbonyl then…
What are the properties of carboxylic…
-physical properties similar to ketones and aldehydes (except…
What are the 7 main reactions of carbo…
1. Synthesis... 2. Nucleophilic acyl substitution... 3. Esterificat…
53 terms
carboxylic acids esters
compounds which have the carboxyl group
R-COOH is functional group called
The C=O group is called _____ group
the OH group is called the ____ group
Carboxylic acid
Carboxylic acid
Carbonyl group
Hydroxyl
compounds which have the carboxyl group
Carboxylic acid
R-COOH is functional group called
Carboxylic acid
12 terms
carboxylic acids esters
The IUPAC ending for carboxylic acids is
organic acid/carboxylic acid
organic acid/carboxylic acid
organic acid/carboxylic acid
anoic acid
The IUPAC ending for carboxylic acids is
anoic acid
organic acid/carboxylic acid
Carboxylic Acids
HCO₂H
CH₃CO₂H
C₂H₅CO₂H
C₃H₇CO₂H
Methanoic Acid
Ethanoic Acid
Propanoic Acid
Butanoic Acid
HCO₂H
Methanoic Acid
CH₃CO₂H
Ethanoic Acid
15 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Reduction Reagents
Reduction Condtions
Reduction Products
Neutralisation Reagents
Lithium Aluminium Hydride
Use of a dry ether
Alcohol
A base (NaOH)
Reduction Reagents
Lithium Aluminium Hydride
Reduction Condtions
Use of a dry ether
15 terms
Carboxylic Acids
What are they?
Aqueous solubility
As the R group becomes larger. Explain…
Example of this,
Organic molecules containing both a C=O and a C-OH on the sam…
As long as the Hydrocarbon R group is relatively small then R…
then the aqueous solubility decreases. ... This is because the n…
Ethanoic acid is highly soluble... Decanoic acid is not soluble
What are they?
Organic molecules containing both a C=O and a C-OH on the sam…
Aqueous solubility
As long as the Hydrocarbon R group is relatively small then R…
21 terms
Carboxylic Acids
carboxylic acid
nomenclature
nomenclature of cyclic carboxylic acids
nomenclature of carboxylic salts
contains both a carbonyl and a hydroxyl group... -with three bon…
-add the suffix -oic acid to the parent root when the carboxy…
-named by listing the cycloalkane with the suffix carboxylic…
-named beginning with cation followed by the name of the acid…
carboxylic acid
contains both a carbonyl and a hydroxyl group... -with three bon…
nomenclature
-add the suffix -oic acid to the parent root when the carboxy…
15 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Reaction with water: Conditions
Reaction with water: Reagents
Reaction with water: Products
Reaction with bases: Conditions
Room Temperature
Water
Carboxylate Anion
Room Temperature
Reaction with water: Conditions
Room Temperature
Reaction with water: Reagents
Water
14 terms
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic Acid
Salts
Dimers
Oxidation
high priority group that determines C-1 of the carbon backbon…
have the suffix (-ate).
pairs of molecules connected by hydrogen bonds formed by carb…
process which turns aldehydes into carboxylic acids
Carboxylic Acid
high priority group that determines C-1 of the carbon backbon…
Salts
have the suffix (-ate).
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