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Study sets matching "cardiology chapter 46"

77 terms
Assisting in Cardiology chapter 46
Bruit
Chordae tendinae
Intermittent Claudication
What is not a valve disorder?
Abnormal sound or murmur.
Tendons that anchor the cusps of the heart valves.
Recurring cramping in the calves caused by poor circulation.
c. arrhythmia
Bruit
Abnormal sound or murmur.
Chordae tendinae
Tendons that anchor the cusps of the heart valves.
14 terms
Chapter 46
Artifacts
Atrial depolarization
Cardiology
Echocardiography
Something extraneous;activity causing interference with ECG
Excitement and contraction caused by the SA node at the begin…
Study of the heart and its disease
Ultrahigh frequency sound waves directed toward the heart to…
Artifacts
Something extraneous;activity causing interference with ECG
Atrial depolarization
Excitement and contraction caused by the SA node at the begin…
15 terms
Ms harris chapter 46
Arrhythmia
Artifacts
Atrial depolarization
Cardiology
Without rhythm
Something extraneous to what is being looked for , activity o…
The excitement and contraction caused by the sa code
The study of the heart and diseases
Arrhythmia
Without rhythm
Artifacts
Something extraneous to what is being looked for , activity o…
64 terms
Chapter 46: Cardio
Risk factors for CHD
Abnormal blood flow from one part of t…
The hearts inability to circulate bloo…
Cardiomegaly
maternal hx of:... -congenital heart disease... -PKU, ... -infections…
Shunt
Heart Failure
enlarged heart... -muscles grow weak and inefficient which reduc…
Risk factors for CHD
maternal hx of:... -congenital heart disease... -PKU, ... -infections…
Abnormal blood flow from one part of t…
Shunt
40 terms
Chapter 46: Bowel Elimination
The nurse knows that most nutrients ar…
The nurse would expect the least forme…
Which of the following is not a functi…
The nurse is caring for a patient who…
ANS: B... Most nutrients are absorbed in the duodenum with the…
ANS: A... The path of digestion goes from the ascending, across…
ANS: A... Nutrient absorption is done in the small intestine. T…
ANS: B... Peristalsis occurs only a few times a day; the strong…
The nurse knows that most nutrients ar…
ANS: B... Most nutrients are absorbed in the duodenum with the…
The nurse would expect the least forme…
ANS: A... The path of digestion goes from the ascending, across…
11 terms
Chapter 46: Vasodilators
A nurse is administering a vasodilator…
A patient is taking a vasodilator that…
A nurse is caring for a patient who wi…
The nurse is caring for a patient who…
ANS: C... Vasodilators that dilate resistance vessels, or arteri…
ANS: A... Postural hypotension occurs when moving from a supine…
ANS: B... Hydralazine can cause severe reflex tachycardia; a bet…
ANS: A... Vasodilators that dilate capacitance vessels, or veins…
A nurse is administering a vasodilator…
ANS: C... Vasodilators that dilate resistance vessels, or arteri…
A patient is taking a vasodilator that…
ANS: A... Postural hypotension occurs when moving from a supine…
Chapter 46 antihyperlipidemics
Antihyperlipidemics
lipoproteins
niacin function
side effects of niacin
-lower hyperproteins ... -reduce high cholesterol... -HMG-CoA inhib…
-HDL; good... -LDL; bad... -total = 200
-breaks down lipids... -lowers triglyercide, cholesterol, LDL... -i…
flushing... pruritus (severe itching)... GI distress
Antihyperlipidemics
-lower hyperproteins ... -reduce high cholesterol... -HMG-CoA inhib…
lipoproteins
-HDL; good... -LDL; bad... -total = 200
39 terms
Chapter 46 antihyperlipidemics and peripheral vasodilators
Reduce saturated fats in the diet, red…
150-200 mg/dL
40-150 mg/dL
less than 100 mg/dL
Non pharmacological ways of lowering cholesterol
cholesterol range
triglyceride range
LDL
Reduce saturated fats in the diet, red…
Non pharmacological ways of lowering cholesterol
150-200 mg/dL
cholesterol range
45 terms
Chapter 46 - Burn Injury
Burned areas are red and painful. They…
Burn is gray, white, or charred. Looks…
Burn is salmon-pink and moist. Sever p…
3% third degree caused by an electrica…
Superficial burn
Full thickness burn
Partial thickness burn
Critical burn
Burned areas are red and painful. They…
Superficial burn
Burn is gray, white, or charred. Looks…
Full thickness burn
40 terms
Chapter 46: Bowel Elimination
The nurse knows that most nutrients ar…
The nurse would expect the least forme…
Which of the following is not a functi…
The nurse is caring for a patient who…
ANS: B... Most nutrients are absorbed in the duodenum with the…
ANS: A... The path of digestion goes from the ascending, across…
ANS: A... Nutrient absorption is done in the small intestine. T…
ANS: B... Peristalsis occurs only a few times a day; the strong…
The nurse knows that most nutrients ar…
ANS: B... Most nutrients are absorbed in the duodenum with the…
The nurse would expect the least forme…
ANS: A... The path of digestion goes from the ascending, across…
39 terms
Chapter 46: The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
Which information should be included i…
The nurse is admitting a child to the…
In which situation is there a risk tha…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Percussion of the chest is usually deferr…
ANS: A... Feedback... A The incidence of congenital heart disease…
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
Which information should be included i…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
39 terms
Chapter 46: The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
Which information should be included i…
The nurse is admitting a child to the…
In which situation is there a risk tha…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Percussion of the chest is usually deferr…
ANS: A... Feedback... A The incidence of congenital heart disease…
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
Which information should be included i…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
24 terms
Chapter 46 The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
Ablation
Afterload
Angioplasty
Arrhythmia
Destruction of diseased tissue.
The amount of force against which the ventricles contract.
Procedure that dilates vessels.
Disturbance of rhythm.
Ablation
Destruction of diseased tissue.
Afterload
The amount of force against which the ventricles contract.
39 terms
Chapter 46: The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
Which information should be included i…
The nurse is admitting a child to the…
In which situation is there a risk tha…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Percussion of the chest is usually deferr…
ANS: A... Feedback... A The incidence of congenital heart disease…
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
Which information should be included i…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
Chapter 46: The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
Which information should be included i…
The nurse is admitting a child to the…
In which situation is there a risk tha…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Percussion of the chest is usually deferr…
ANS: A... Feedback... A The incidence of congenital heart disease…
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until t…
Which information should be included i…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization…
12 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 46: Antihyperlipidemics and peripheral vasodilators
A female patient has serum lipid level…
A patient has a serum cholesterol leve…
A patient begins taking cholestyramine…
A patient has been taking cholestyrami…
d. Niacin and lovastatin (Advicor)
a. "You have a high risk for coronary artery disease."
a. Increase fluid and slowly increase fiber intake.
a. It has fewer side effects.
A female patient has serum lipid level…
d. Niacin and lovastatin (Advicor)
A patient has a serum cholesterol leve…
a. "You have a high risk for coronary artery disease."
PEDS: Chapter 46: The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
Which information should be included i…
The nurse is admitting a child to the…
In which situation is there a risk tha…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until the…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization,…
ANS: D... Feedback... A Percussion of the chest is usually deferred…
ANS: A... Feedback... A The incidence of congenital heart disease i…
Which postoperative intervention shoul…
ANS: D... Feedback... A IV fluid administration continues until the…
Which information should be included i…
ANS: D... Feedback... A The day after the cardiac catheterization,…
20 terms
Chapter 31; Cardiology
Aneurysm
Angina Pectoris
Artifact
Atherosclerosis
...
...
...
...
Aneurysm
...
Angina Pectoris
...
46 terms
Cardiology Chapter 1
Circumflex Artery
Left Anterior Descending Coronary Arte…
Left Main Coronary Artery
Purkinje Fibers
Location: Continues within the left AV groove & passes around…
Location: Travels within the anterior inter ventricular groov…
Location: Passes between the left atrium & the pulmonary trun…
- Conductive fibers sent off of right and left bundle branche…
Circumflex Artery
Location: Continues within the left AV groove & passes around…
Left Anterior Descending Coronary Arte…
Location: Travels within the anterior inter ventricular groov…
54 terms
Ch 46 The Child with Cardiovascular Alterations
Mechanical contraction of the heart mu…
Venous Side of the Heart
3 Difference in Fetal Circulation from…
Fetal Circulation
- starts with electrical stimulation. This electrical stimula…
(Right side of the heart) is normally a lower-pressure system…
1. the process of gas exchange... 2. the pressures within the sy…
umbilical vein --> ductus venosus --> inferior vena cava --…
Mechanical contraction of the heart mu…
- starts with electrical stimulation. This electrical stimula…
Venous Side of the Heart
(Right side of the heart) is normally a lower-pressure system…
42 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Cardiology
Cardiology
Chambers of the heart
circulat/o
Cardiac
Study of the heart.
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
Movement through a circular route (Combining Form).
Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
Chambers of the heart
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
24 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiology
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arteriol/o
vessel
aorta
artery
arteriole
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
137 terms
Physiology Chapter 13: Cardiology
functions of the circulatory system
components of the circulatory system
cardiovascular system consists of
lymphatic system consists of
1) transportation of gases, nutrients, and wastes... 2) regulati…
1) cardiovascular system... 2) lymphatic system
heart and blood vessels
lymphatic vessels, lymphoid tissues, lymphatic organs
functions of the circulatory system
1) transportation of gases, nutrients, and wastes... 2) regulati…
components of the circulatory system
1) cardiovascular system... 2) lymphatic system
78 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiology
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arteriol/o
vessel
aorta
artery
arteriole
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
228 terms
Chapter 7 Cardiology
angi
aort
arteri
arteriol
vessel
aorta... the largest artery in the body, carries oxygenated bloo…
artery... blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart and…
arteriole... the smallest arteries, carry blood from artery to c…
angi
vessel
aort
aorta... the largest artery in the body, carries oxygenated bloo…
221 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
152 terms
Chapter 9 Cardiology
What is PMI?
In a supine patient, what is a normal…
If a PMI is greater than 2.5cm, what i…
What else, other than the PMI being gr…
PMI: point of maximal impulse.... (The impulse locates the lef…
Normal: 1 to 2.5cm
LVH (left ventricular hypertrophy)... seen in HTN and aortic st…
displacement of the PMI lateral to the midclavicular line or…
What is PMI?
PMI: point of maximal impulse.... (The impulse locates the lef…
In a supine patient, what is a normal…
Normal: 1 to 2.5cm
32 terms
Cardiology chapter 1
Modalities of cardiac evaluation
What you can read on EKG/ECG
Physical examination aspects
Orthostatic BP
Approach patient. PE. EKG. ECG. Stress test. Hemodynamic moni…
Rate. Rhythm. Axis. Intervals. Ischemia. Hypertrophy. Pattern…
Inspection. Palpating. Auscultation.
Change in BP when pt. goes from sitting or supine to standing
Modalities of cardiac evaluation
Approach patient. PE. EKG. ECG. Stress test. Hemodynamic moni…
What you can read on EKG/ECG
Rate. Rhythm. Axis. Intervals. Ischemia. Hypertrophy. Pattern…
214 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomin/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen/o
take away; destroy
create an opening between 2 structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomin/o-
abdomen/o
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
129 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
Ablat/o-
Anastom/o-
Aneurysm/o-
Angi/o-
Take away; destroy
Create an opening between two structures
Aneurysm(dilation)
Blood vessel; lymphatic vessel
Ablat/o-
Take away; destroy
Anastom/o-
Create an opening between two structures
64 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
cardiopulmonary
cardiothoracic
cardiovascular system
circulatory system
pertaining to the heart and lungs
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
includes the heart and blood vessels
-circular pathway the blood takes as it moves through the bod…
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiothoracic
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
256 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
cardiopulmonary
cardiothoracic
cardiovascular system
circulatory system
pertaining to the heart and lungs
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
body system that includes the heart and the blood vessels
circular route that the blood takes as it moves through the b…
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiothoracic
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
34 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiology
card/o, cardi/o
angi/o, vas/o
arteri/o
capill/o
heart
blood vessels
arteries
capillaries
card/o, cardi/o
heart
angi/o, vas/o
blood vessels
95 terms
Chapter 5 cardiology
cardiovascular system
vascular structues
cardiovascular system aka
capillaries
continuous circular body system that includes the heart and v…
blood vessels such as arteries, capillaries, and veins.
circulatory system
tiniest blood vessels
cardiovascular system
continuous circular body system that includes the heart and v…
vascular structues
blood vessels such as arteries, capillaries, and veins.
46 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Myocardium
Left Lower Valve
Left Upper Valve
Right Upper Valve
-Composed of muscle... -Is the thickest on left side of the heart
Mitral
Aortic
Pulmonary
Myocardium
-Composed of muscle... -Is the thickest on left side of the heart
Left Lower Valve
Mitral
13 terms
chapter 7 - cardiology - prefix
a-
brady-
endo-
hyper-
without
slow
within
exessive
a-
without
brady-
slow
68 terms
MT Chapter 5: Cardiology
angio
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood vessels
aorta
artery, carries blood away from the heart
fatty deposit
angio
blood vessels
aort/o
aorta
38 terms
chapter 7 - cardiology - suffix
-ac
-al
-ar
-ary
pertaining to
pertaining to
pertaining to
pertaining to
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
111 terms
Chapter 5 -Cardiology
Inferior Vena Cava
Right Atrium
Right Ventricle
Left Ventricle
Inferior Vena Cava
Right Atrium
60 terms
chapter 7 - cardiology- vocabulary
aneurysm
angina pectoris
arrhythmia
ausculation
localized widening of artery due to weakness in arterial wall…
sever chest pain caused by myocardial ischema
irregular heart beat
listening to sound within body, such as heart or lungs,by using
aneurysm
localized widening of artery due to weakness in arterial wall…
angina pectoris
sever chest pain caused by myocardial ischema
36 terms
Chapter 7-Cardiology
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arteriol/o
vessel
aorta
artery
arteriole
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
Lilly Cardiology EKG Chapter
Normal PR interval
Normal QRS interval
Normal QT interval
Corrected QT interval formula
.12 -.2 seconds
< .1 seconds
Half or RR interval. Or QTc<.44 sec
QT/sqroot(R-R)
Normal PR interval
.12 -.2 seconds
Normal QRS interval
< .1 seconds
33 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology-Procedures
cardiac enzymes
C-reactive protein (CRP)
homocysteine
lipid profile
test to measure level of enzymes that are released into the b…
test to measure the level of inflammation in the body
-test included as part of a cardiac risk assessment ... -this am…
test that provides a comprehensive picture of the blood level…
cardiac enzymes
test to measure level of enzymes that are released into the b…
C-reactive protein (CRP)
test to measure the level of inflammation in the body
32 terms
Chapter 171 Pediatric Cardiology
Features of childhood murmur you would…
Differential for split S2 (3)
Pediatric cardiac complications if mom…
List 8 cyanotic congenital heart disease
1) Diastolic murmur... 2) Systolic murmur >3/6, continuous or th…
1) ASD... 2) Pulm stenosis... 3) Physiologic
SLE: heart block... DM: cardiomyopathy
1) Tetralogy of fallot... 2) Transposition of great arteries... 3)…
Features of childhood murmur you would…
1) Diastolic murmur... 2) Systolic murmur >3/6, continuous or th…
Differential for split S2 (3)
1) ASD... 2) Pulm stenosis... 3) Physiologic
31 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology-Diseases
acute coronary syndrome
angina pectoris
cardiomegaly
cardiomyopathy
syndrome that includes acute ischemia of the myocardium (beca…
-mild-to-severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardi…
enlargement of the heart usually due to congestive heart fail…
any disease condition of the heart muscle that includes heart…
acute coronary syndrome
syndrome that includes acute ischemia of the myocardium (beca…
angina pectoris
-mild-to-severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardi…
36 terms
1. Cardiology Physiology Chapter 9
What is the resting intracellular pote…
During contraction of the heart, what…
Which has a longer depolarizing/platea…
How are action potentials cardiac/skel…
-85 mv
+20 mv
cardiac 15 times longer ventricular contraction allows for th…
1.Both have fast voltage sodium channels... 2. Cardiac has L-typ…
What is the resting intracellular pote…
-85 mv
During contraction of the heart, what…
+20 mv
54 terms
Module 1 Ch 46 The Child with a Cardiovascular Alteration
child congenital heart disease CHD
risk factors for CHD in children
left to right shunting with increased…
cyanotic lesions with decreased pulmon…
denotes one or more structural abnormalities that develop bef…
maternal diabetes mellitus, maternal infection during pregnan…
-VSD most common type (ventricular septal defect)... -ASD (atria…
-tetrology of fallot (TOF)... -pulmonary/tricuspid atresia... pulmo…
child congenital heart disease CHD
denotes one or more structural abnormalities that develop bef…
risk factors for CHD in children
maternal diabetes mellitus, maternal infection during pregnan…
244 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
creates an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
224 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
10 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
valves
heart
septum
apex
Control the flow of blood through the heart
muscular organ that contracts at least once every second to p…
a central wall that divides the heart into left and right sides
inferior tip of the heart
valves
Control the flow of blood through the heart
heart
muscular organ that contracts at least once every second to p…
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