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Study sets matching "cardiology chapter 5"

42 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Cardiology
Cardiology
Chambers of the heart
circulat/o
Cardiac
Study of the heart.
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
Movement through a circular route (Combining Form).
Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
Chambers of the heart
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
221 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
129 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
Ablat/o-
Anastom/o-
Aneurysm/o-
Angi/o-
Take away; destroy
Create an opening between two structures
Aneurysm(dilation)
Blood vessel; lymphatic vessel
Ablat/o-
Take away; destroy
Anastom/o-
Create an opening between two structures
214 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomin/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen/o
take away; destroy
create an opening between 2 structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomin/o-
abdomen/o
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
256 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
cardiopulmonary
cardiothoracic
cardiovascular system
circulatory system
pertaining to the heart and lungs
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
body system that includes the heart and the blood vessels
circular route that the blood takes as it moves through the b…
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiothoracic
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
34 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiology
card/o, cardi/o
angi/o, vas/o
arteri/o
capill/o
heart
blood vessels
arteries
capillaries
card/o, cardi/o
heart
angi/o, vas/o
blood vessels
64 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
cardiopulmonary
cardiothoracic
cardiovascular system
circulatory system
pertaining to the heart and lungs
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
includes the heart and blood vessels
-circular pathway the blood takes as it moves through the bod…
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiothoracic
pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
95 terms
Chapter 5 cardiology
cardiovascular system
vascular structues
cardiovascular system aka
capillaries
continuous circular body system that includes the heart and v…
blood vessels such as arteries, capillaries, and veins.
circulatory system
tiniest blood vessels
cardiovascular system
continuous circular body system that includes the heart and v…
vascular structues
blood vessels such as arteries, capillaries, and veins.
46 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Myocardium
Left Lower Valve
Left Upper Valve
Right Upper Valve
-Composed of muscle... -Is the thickest on left side of the heart
Mitral
Aortic
Pulmonary
Myocardium
-Composed of muscle... -Is the thickest on left side of the heart
Left Lower Valve
Mitral
68 terms
MT Chapter 5: Cardiology
angio
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood vessels
aorta
artery, carries blood away from the heart
fatty deposit
angio
blood vessels
aort/o
aorta
111 terms
Chapter 5 -Cardiology
Inferior Vena Cava
Right Atrium
Right Ventricle
Left Ventricle
Inferior Vena Cava
Right Atrium
76 terms
Ch.5 Cardiology
Capillaries
Lumen
Sinoatrial (pacemaker)
Mediastinum
the smallest blood vessels in the body are called; connecting…
the opening in a blood vessel through which the blood flows i…
in the conduction system of the heart SA stands for
a partition surrounding the an irregularly shaped area betwee…
Capillaries
the smallest blood vessels in the body are called; connecting…
Lumen
the opening in a blood vessel through which the blood flows i…
33 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology-Procedures
cardiac enzymes
C-reactive protein (CRP)
homocysteine
lipid profile
test to measure level of enzymes that are released into the b…
test to measure the level of inflammation in the body
-test included as part of a cardiac risk assessment ... -this am…
test that provides a comprehensive picture of the blood level…
cardiac enzymes
test to measure level of enzymes that are released into the b…
C-reactive protein (CRP)
test to measure the level of inflammation in the body
244 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
creates an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
224 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
10 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
valves
heart
septum
apex
Control the flow of blood through the heart
muscular organ that contracts at least once every second to p…
a central wall that divides the heart into left and right sides
inferior tip of the heart
valves
Control the flow of blood through the heart
heart
muscular organ that contracts at least once every second to p…
224 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
31 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology-Diseases
acute coronary syndrome
angina pectoris
cardiomegaly
cardiomyopathy
syndrome that includes acute ischemia of the myocardium (beca…
-mild-to-severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardi…
enlargement of the heart usually due to congestive heart fail…
any disease condition of the heart muscle that includes heart…
acute coronary syndrome
syndrome that includes acute ischemia of the myocardium (beca…
angina pectoris
-mild-to-severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardi…
62 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiology
cardi/o
pulmon/o
thorac/o
vascul/o
heart
lung
thorax (chest)
blood vessel
cardi/o
heart
pulmon/o
lung
64 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Atrial
Ventriclear
Septal
sept/o-
Pertaining to the upper heart chamber
Pertaining to the lower heart chamber
pertaining to [the]dividing walls
dividing walls
Atrial
Pertaining to the upper heart chamber
Ventriclear
Pertaining to the lower heart chamber
44 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Define Cardiovascular system
the four heart chambers
Purpose of valve
the four valves
is a continuous, circular body system that includes the heart…
Atrium ... ventricle ... septum... apex
control the flow of blood through the heart.
tricuspid... pulmonary... mitral... aortic
Define Cardiovascular system
is a continuous, circular body system that includes the heart…
the four heart chambers
Atrium ... ventricle ... septum... apex
20 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
cardio
vascul/o
circulat/o
atri/o
heart
blood vessel
movement in a circular route
atrium
cardio
heart
vascul/o
blood vessel
34 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
vascul
circulat
apic
valvul
blood vessel
movement in a circular motion
apex
valve
vascul
blood vessel
circulat
movement in a circular motion
5 terms
Chapter 5 cardiology
Layers of the walls of your blood vess…
Tunic
Tunica externa
Tunica media
...
Coat
Outer
Middle contains muscles /vasodilation constrict
Layers of the walls of your blood vess…
...
Tunic
Coat
114 terms
Chapter 5: cardiology
Vasculo
Circulato
Atrio
Ventriculo
Blood vessel
Movement in circular route
Atrium
Ventricles
Vasculo
Blood vessel
Circulato
Movement in circular route
171 terms
cardiology chapter 5
cardi/o-
pulmon/o-
thorac/o-
vascul/o-
heart
lung
thorax (chest)
blood vessel
cardi/o-
heart
pulmon/o-
lung
204 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiology
AAA
ly/o
coagul/o
-tome
abdominal aortic aneurym
break down; destroy
clotting
instrument used to cut; area with distinct edges
AAA
abdominal aortic aneurym
ly/o
break down; destroy
21 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology Terms
Bradycardia
Tachycardia
Arrhythmia
Dysrhythmia
Slow heart rate.
Fast heart rate.
Abnormal heart rhythm.
Abnormality in the rhythm of the heartbeat.
Bradycardia
Slow heart rate.
Tachycardia
Fast heart rate.
98 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
Angio-
Aort/o-
Arteri/o-
Ather/o-
Blood vessels
Aorta
Artery
Fatty deposit
Angio-
Blood vessels
Aort/o-
Aorta
65 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
ablat/o
abdomin/o
anastom/o
aneurysm/o
take away; destroy
abdomen
create opening between two structures
Aneurysm
ablat/o
take away; destroy
abdomin/o
abdomen
15 terms
Chapter 5 cardiology
Heart valves
Arteries
Superior vena cava
Inferior vena cava
control the flow of blood through the heart makes sure it doe…
branch off from the aorta and carry oxygenated blood to the h…
carried blood from the head, neck arms, and chest to the righ…
carriers blood to the abdomen pelvis and legs.
Heart valves
control the flow of blood through the heart makes sure it doe…
Arteries
branch off from the aorta and carry oxygenated blood to the h…
49 terms
CARDIOLOGY CHAPTER 5 VOCABULARY
CARDI/O
VENTRICUL/O
SEPT/O
APIC/O
HEART
VENTRICLE (LOWER HEART CHAMBER; CHAMBER IN THE BRAIN)
SEPTUM (DIVIDING WALL)
APEX (TIP)
CARDI/O
HEART
VENTRICUL/O
VENTRICLE (LOWER HEART CHAMBER; CHAMBER IN THE BRAIN)
21 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
pericardial sac
theli/o-
radial artery... ulnar artery
portal vein
-visceral pericardium: next to surface of heart ... -parietal pe…
cellular layer
-thumb side of lower arm... -pinky side of the lower arm
carries blood from the intestines to the liver
pericardial sac
-visceral pericardium: next to surface of heart ... -parietal pe…
theli/o-
cellular layer
22 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Atrium
Ventricle
Apex
Tricuspid Valve
Each of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blo…
Bottom portion of the heart, thicker walled and larger
The highest point
valve between the right atrium an the right ventricle.
Atrium
Each of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blo…
Ventricle
Bottom portion of the heart, thicker walled and larger
73 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Bradycardia
Tachycardia
Arrhythmia
Dysrhythmia
Heart beat slow
Heart beat fast but regular
Any type of irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
Arrhythmia
Bradycardia
Heart beat slow
Tachycardia
Heart beat fast but regular
114 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Capillary
aorta
ventricle
tricuspid valve
smallest blood vessel
largest artery in the body
lower chamber of the heart
valve between the right atrium and ventricle
Capillary
smallest blood vessel
aorta
largest artery in the body
80 terms
Chapter 5- Cardiology
Sphygmomanometer
Regurgitation
In the pathway of the flow of blood th…
When a coronary artery is partially bl…
measures blood pressure; 120/80 mm Hg
mitral valve that does not close properly allowing a backflow…
the left ventricle
chest pain or shortness of breath
Sphygmomanometer
measures blood pressure; 120/80 mm Hg
Regurgitation
mitral valve that does not close properly allowing a backflow…
82 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiology
Cardiovascular System
Cardi/o-
Myocardium
Endocardium
Continuous, circular body system that includes the heart and…
Heart
Pertaining to the muscular layer of the heart
Pertaining to the innermost layer of cells that lines the atr…
Cardiovascular System
Continuous, circular body system that includes the heart and…
Cardi/o-
Heart
51 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
Cardiovascular
Heart
Chambers
Septum
Continuous and circular body system that includes the heart a…
Contracts every second to pump blood throughout the body
There are 4, RA, RV, LA, LV... Atri/o=atriump (upper)
Dividing wall, divided the heart into left and right sides... Se…
Cardiovascular
Continuous and circular body system that includes the heart a…
Heart
Contracts every second to pump blood throughout the body
500 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
a-
abdomin/o-
abdominal
abdominal aorta
Away from; without
Abdomen
Pertaining to the abdomen.
Part of the aorta within the abdominal cavity.
a-
Away from; without
abdomin/o-
Abdomen
64 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Cardiopulmonary
Cardiothoracic
Cardiovascular system
Circulatory system
Pertaining to the heart and lungs
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
Body system that includes the heart and the blood vessels
Circular route that blood takes as it moves through the body
Cardiopulmonary
Pertaining to the heart and lungs
Cardiothoracic
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
78 terms
chapter 5, cardiology
pertaining to the heart and thoracic c…
muscular layer of the heart
membrane that surrounds the heart
fract/o
cardiothoracic
myocardium
pericardium
to break up
pertaining to the heart and thoracic c…
cardiothoracic
muscular layer of the heart
myocardium
39 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
Cardiovascular system
Purpose of Cardiovascular system
4 Valves (Valvul/o)
Septum-Sept/o
the medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
to move (circulate) the blood to every part of the body as it…
Tricuspid, Pulmonary, Mitral (Bicuspid), Aortic
central wall
Cardiovascular system
the medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Purpose of Cardiovascular system
to move (circulate) the blood to every part of the body as it…
30 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
tricuspid valve
pulmonary valve
mirtral (bicuspid) valve
aortic valve
opens to allow blood to flow into the right ventricle; closes…
opens to allow blood to flow into the pulmonary trunk and pul…
opens to allow blood to flow into the left ventricle; closes…
opens to allow blood to flow into the aorta; closes to preven…
tricuspid valve
opens to allow blood to flow into the right ventricle; closes…
pulmonary valve
opens to allow blood to flow into the pulmonary trunk and pul…
33 terms
Chapter 5 -- Cardiology
acute coronary syndrome
angina pectoris
cardiomegaly
Atherosclerosis
Because of a blood clot or atherosclerosis blocking blood flo…
mid to severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardium…
enlargement of the heart, usually due to congestive heart fai…
-Fatty deposits and fibrosis of inner layer of arteries (plaq…
acute coronary syndrome
Because of a blood clot or atherosclerosis blocking blood flo…
angina pectoris
mid to severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardium…
224 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
taje away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
taje away; destroy
251 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
Cardiology
-logy
cardi/o-
The Cardiovascular System
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
study of
heart
- A continuous, circular body system that includes the heart…
Cardiology
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
-logy
study of
18 terms
Chapter 5: Cardiology
cardiopulmonary
Cardiothoracic
Cardiovascular system
circulatory system
Pertaining to the heart and lungs.
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity.
Body system that includes the heart and the blood vessels (va…
Continuous, circular pathway that the blood takes as it moves…
cardiopulmonary
Pertaining to the heart and lungs.
Cardiothoracic
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity.
63 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiology
angio
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood vessels
aorta
artery
fatty deposit
angio
blood vessels
aort/o
aorta
112 terms
Chapter 5- Cardiology
supra-
ultra-
-ade
-ature
above
beyond/higher
action/process
system composed of
supra-
above
ultra-
beyond/higher
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