Study sets matching "cardiology internal medicine"

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Study sets matching "cardiology internal medicine"

260 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology
What is the MC location for an AAA to…
What are teh risk factors for developi…
What is the MC etiology of an AAA?
How do most AAA's present?
Infrarenal Artery
Atherosclerosis... Age >60... Smoking... Caucasian... Males
Atherosclerosis
Asx
What is the MC location for an AAA to…
Infrarenal Artery
What are teh risk factors for developi…
Atherosclerosis... Age >60... Smoking... Caucasian... Males
Internal Medicine Cardiology
Q waves on EKG indicate what?
What is the 1st cardiac enzyme to rise?
CK-MB
MI treatment
old infarct
Troponin, elevated 3 hrs post MI and stay elevated up to 10-1…
The MB type is specific to myocardial cells. The CK level wil…
MONA (morphine, O2, nitrates, ASA), BB, ACEI, thrombolytics
Q waves on EKG indicate what?
old infarct
What is the 1st cardiac enzyme to rise?
Troponin, elevated 3 hrs post MI and stay elevated up to 10-1…
Internal Medicine Cardiology
Q waves on EKG indicate what?
What is the 1st cardiac enzyme to rise?
CK-MB
MI treatment
old infarct
Troponin, elevated 3 hrs post MI and stay elevated up to 10-1…
The MB type is specific to myocardial cells. The CK level wil…
MONA (morphine, O2, nitrates, ASA), BB, ACEI, thrombolytics
Q waves on EKG indicate what?
old infarct
What is the 1st cardiac enzyme to rise?
Troponin, elevated 3 hrs post MI and stay elevated up to 10-1…
72 terms
Internal Medicine Boards - Cardiology
Aortic Stenosis - when to intervene
Aortic Regurgitation - when to intervene
Mitral Stenosis - when to intervene
Mitral regurgitation - when to intervene
Symptoms (heart failure, syncope and angina)... LVEF < 50%... Moder…
Symptoms (heart failure, cardiogenic shock)... LVEF < 50%... Modera…
Symptoms (decreased activity, orthopnea, fatigue, less common…
Symptoms (SOB, pulmonary edema)... LVEF 30-60% ... LV end - systoli…
Aortic Stenosis - when to intervene
Symptoms (heart failure, syncope and angina)... LVEF < 50%... Moder…
Aortic Regurgitation - when to intervene
Symptoms (heart failure, cardiogenic shock)... LVEF < 50%... Modera…
68 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology
Cardiac Output:
Cardiac Index:
Stroke volume is affected by?
Angina Symptoms:
∙Blood ejected out the heart each minute.... ∙SV (amount of bloo…
∙CO/surface area... ∙4-6L per sq meter average.... ∙Can increase wi…
∙Preload... ∙Afterload... ∙Contraction... →Inotropy, independent of lo…
∙Chest Pain-substernal... →Increased with exercise... →decreased wi…
Cardiac Output:
∙Blood ejected out the heart each minute.... ∙SV (amount of bloo…
Cardiac Index:
∙CO/surface area... ∙4-6L per sq meter average.... ∙Can increase wi…
42 terms
Internal Medicine Cardiology ECG
Left Atrial Enlargement ECG findings
Right Atrial Enlargelemt
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (4)
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
V1 - Negative P wave... Lead 2 - P mitrale; wide p wave (>2.5mm…
Inferior Leads (2,3,avf) - Tall p wave (>2.5mm)
1. SV1 + RV5 >25mm or RaVL >11mm ... 2. LAD ... 3. Wide QRS... 4. V…
1. RV1 >7mm or RV1 > SV1... 2. RAD... 3. RAE... 4. V1 strain (ST depre…
Left Atrial Enlargement ECG findings
V1 - Negative P wave... Lead 2 - P mitrale; wide p wave (>2.5mm…
Right Atrial Enlargelemt
Inferior Leads (2,3,avf) - Tall p wave (>2.5mm)
184 terms
Internal Medicine Clerkship - Cardiology
An "irregularly irregular" rhythm.
Irregular RR intervals on ECG. Absence…
Features of atrial fibrillation.
Etiologies of AF.
Atrial fibrillation. ... Also would see absence of p-waves.
Atrial fibrillation.
Irregular RR intervals.... Absence of p-waves.... Atrial rate 400-6…
PIRATES.... Pulmonary (COPD, PE), Pheochromocytoma (very rare…
An "irregularly irregular" rhythm.
Atrial fibrillation. ... Also would see absence of p-waves.
Irregular RR intervals on ECG. Absence…
Atrial fibrillation.
Internal Medicine - Cardiology
1) Retrosternal... 2) Worse on exertion... 3…
Sensitivity / (1-Specificity)
Tuberculosis... Very likely
1) Gallstones... 2) EtOH
Typical Angina - 3 characteristics
Calculation of Likelihood Ratio
CXR: Bilateral Apical Infiltrates with Cavitation... Dx: ?... How l…
Most common etiologies of Pancreatitis? (2)
1) Retrosternal... 2) Worse on exertion... 3…
Typical Angina - 3 characteristics
Sensitivity / (1-Specificity)
Calculation of Likelihood Ratio
Internal Medicine Cardiology
typical sx of aortic stenosis
murmur assoc with aortic stenosis
tx of sx aortic stenosis
pulsus paradoxus assoc with
exertional dyspnea (sx of HF), syncope and angina
systolic ejection murmur
AVR
cardiac tamponade
typical sx of aortic stenosis
exertional dyspnea (sx of HF), syncope and angina
murmur assoc with aortic stenosis
systolic ejection murmur
152 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology
What is the most important interventio…
What treatment decreases mortality in…
What medications decrease mortality in…
What medications decrease mortality in…
smoking cessation
Oxygen... Start oxygen when patient Sp02 drops below 88%
ACE inhibitors, Nitrates, Bblockers
ace inhibitors... Hydralazine and nitrate if hyperkalemia from A…
What is the most important interventio…
smoking cessation
What treatment decreases mortality in…
Oxygen... Start oxygen when patient Sp02 drops below 88%
152 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology
What is the most important interventio…
What treatment decreases mortality in…
What medications decrease mortality in…
What medications decrease mortality in…
smoking cessation
Oxygen... Start oxygen when patient Sp02 drops below 88%
ACE inhibitors, Nitrates, Bblockers
ace inhibitors... Hydralazine and nitrate if hyperkalemia from A…
What is the most important interventio…
smoking cessation
What treatment decreases mortality in…
Oxygen... Start oxygen when patient Sp02 drops below 88%
11 terms
Internal Medicine - Cardiology
What are the main indications for CABG?
What is syndrome X?
What is metabolic syndrome X?
What is the definitive test for diagno…
Three-vessel disease with >70% stenosis in each vessel. Left…
Exertional angina with normal coronary angiogram. Exercise te…
Any combination of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia…
Coronary angiography: if IV ergonovine is given and there is…
What are the main indications for CABG?
Three-vessel disease with >70% stenosis in each vessel. Left…
What is syndrome X?
Exertional angina with normal coronary angiogram. Exercise te…
22 terms
Internal Medicine - Cardiology
What is PRES? What are the S/S? And wh…
Define hypertensive emergency vs urgency
What is the major difference in how yo…
What is the classification system for…
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome - a radiographic…
Hypertensive emergency is BP > 220/120 (syst or diast) plus e…
hypertensive emergency - use IV agents to lower MAP by 25% in…
Stanford Classification... Type A - proximal, involving ascendi…
What is PRES? What are the S/S? And wh…
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome - a radiographic…
Define hypertensive emergency vs urgency
Hypertensive emergency is BP > 220/120 (syst or diast) plus e…
115 terms
Step 2 Internal Medicine --- Cardiology
pt presents with PAD of the LLE. what…
what three drugs are contraindicated i…
pt presents to ER with chest pain loca…
what are the three components of Beck'…
1. low dose asprin and statin... 2. exercise therapy
adenosine, beta blockers, digoxin
Dressler's syndrome; NSAIDs (steroids if refractory)
1. JVD... 2. hypotension... 3. muffled heart sounds... cardiac tampon…
pt presents with PAD of the LLE. what…
1. low dose asprin and statin... 2. exercise therapy
what three drugs are contraindicated i…
adenosine, beta blockers, digoxin
71 terms
Internal Medicine- Cardiology
CARDIOLOGY: ... - What should be obtaine…
_____is minimally invasive and rapid f…
What diagnostic test is used for pleur…
What diagnostic test is sensitive for…
- EKG... - CXR... - CT
TEE - transesophageal echocardiogram
V/Q scan - but not good for a small PE
helical chest CT
CARDIOLOGY: ... - What should be obtaine…
- EKG... - CXR... - CT
_____is minimally invasive and rapid f…
TEE - transesophageal echocardiogram
42 terms
Internal Medicine Review- Cardiology
Anterior STEMI
Lateral STEMI
Inferior STEMI
R ventricle STEMI
LAD, V1-V4
Circumflex, I, aVL, V4-V6
RCA, II, III, aVF
V4, R-sided EKG
Anterior STEMI
LAD, V1-V4
Lateral STEMI
Circumflex, I, aVL, V4-V6
Step 2 Internal Medicine --- Cardiology
pt presents with PAD of the LLE. what…
what three drugs are contraindicated i…
pt presents to ER with chest pain loca…
what are the three components of Beck'…
1. low dose asprin and statin... 2. exercise therapy
adenosine, beta blockers, digoxin
Dressler's syndrome; NSAIDs (steroids if refractory)
1. JVD... 2. hypotension... 3. muffled heart sounds... cardiac tampon…
pt presents with PAD of the LLE. what…
1. low dose asprin and statin... 2. exercise therapy
what three drugs are contraindicated i…
adenosine, beta blockers, digoxin
78 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology Class 1
What is the leading cause of death in…
What is the result of Myocardial ische…
summarize Ischemic Heart Disease
what is the major cause of emergency m…
Coronary Artery Disease, 1/5 deaths related to CAD
angina pectoris (chest pain)
Insufficient oxygen supply to the myocardium most often cause…
Coronary Artery Disease
What is the leading cause of death in…
Coronary Artery Disease, 1/5 deaths related to CAD
What is the result of Myocardial ische…
angina pectoris (chest pain)
60 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology 1.3
What is chronic stable angina
What is frequency of angina for chroni…
*Can angina episodes be predicted?
What is Atherosclerosis?
Angina of effort
1) Expended Effort... 2) Emotional Stress
Yes, Occurrence of anginal episodes is predictable within a r…
Multifocal, progressive inflammatory process characterized by…
What is chronic stable angina
Angina of effort
What is frequency of angina for chroni…
1) Expended Effort... 2) Emotional Stress
INternal Medicine Test 1 Lx: Cardiology
angina pectoris
classes of angina
t/f ... a normal EKG absolutely rules out…
gold standard for Cardiac pictures
chest discomfort due to Myo. ischemia ... typically ast for 10 m…
1- only with strenuous... 4- at rest
false
angiography
angina pectoris
chest discomfort due to Myo. ischemia ... typically ast for 10 m…
classes of angina
1- only with strenuous... 4- at rest
80 terms
INternal Medicine Test 1 Lx: Cardiology
angina pectoris
classes of angina
t/f ... a normal EKG absolutely rules out…
gold standard for Cardiac pictures
chest discomfort due to Myo. ischemia ... typically ast for 10 m…
1- only with strenuous... 4- at rest
false
angiography
angina pectoris
chest discomfort due to Myo. ischemia ... typically ast for 10 m…
classes of angina
1- only with strenuous... 4- at rest
89 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardiology Class 1.2
What is myocardial infarction?
What is another name for myocardial in…
Is angina the death of a heart muscle?
What are the common variables between…
Also known as a heart attack, is the death of, or damage to,…
Acute Coronary Syndromes
No, angina indicates that the muscle is ischemic but not acti…
Insufficient oxygen supply to the heart muscle
What is myocardial infarction?
Also known as a heart attack, is the death of, or damage to,…
What is another name for myocardial in…
Acute Coronary Syndromes
Medicine Cardiology
Indications for coronary angiography
CT
Echo
Holter/event monitor
aka cardiac catheterization... Truly measure pressures in heart…
Doesn't delineate intracardiac structures well... Visualizes fat…
TTE uses pulsed and color flow Dopplers, M-mode imaging... TEE u…
Obtain avg/min/max of HR throughout day... Quantify ectopy... Evalu…
Indications for coronary angiography
aka cardiac catheterization... Truly measure pressures in heart…
CT
Doesn't delineate intracardiac structures well... Visualizes fat…
Medicine: Cardiology
What are the stages of CHF? How does o…
What are symptoms of digoxin toxicity?
Tests during acute decompensated heart…
What are ECG characteristics of premat…
Mild... I: Symptoms with only vigorous activities... II: Symptoms w…
GI: Nausea/vomiting, anorexia... Cardiac: Ectopic (ventricular)…
Tests: ECG, CXR, BNP, echo, possible coronary angiogram... Treat…
ECG: P waves with abnormal morphology, with normal QRS... Preval…
What are the stages of CHF? How does o…
Mild... I: Symptoms with only vigorous activities... II: Symptoms w…
What are symptoms of digoxin toxicity?
GI: Nausea/vomiting, anorexia... Cardiac: Ectopic (ventricular)…
482 terms
Internal Medicine
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs, Glitazones)
Biguanides
Sulfonylureas
Metaglitinides
- Examples: pioglitazone, rosiglitazone... - Effects: decrease i…
- Examples: metformin... - Mechanism: suppresses gluconeogenesis…
- Examples: glimepiride... - Mechanism: inhibit ATP-dependent po…
- Examples: repaglinide... - Mechanism: close beta K channels --…
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs, Glitazones)
- Examples: pioglitazone, rosiglitazone... - Effects: decrease i…
Biguanides
- Examples: metformin... - Mechanism: suppresses gluconeogenesis…
636 terms
Internal Medicine
other diseases associated with vitilig…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
Drugs that can be removed via dialysis
osmotic diarrhea = ?... motor diarrhea= ?
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy and o…
Toxic alcohols (ethylene glycol, methanol, isopropyl alcohol)…
osmotic = lactose intolerance... motor = hyperthyroidism
other diseases associated with vitilig…
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy and o…
Internal Medicine
Light's Criteria
PleurX catheter
Penrose drain
Chole drain
Fluid is exudate if one of the following Light's criteria is…
Drainage catheter and drainage bottles that collect fluid. Th…
surgical device, placed in a wound to drain fluid. It consist…
An external biliary drainage catheter goes through your skin…
Light's Criteria
Fluid is exudate if one of the following Light's criteria is…
PleurX catheter
Drainage catheter and drainage bottles that collect fluid. Th…
Cardiology - Medicine
Parts of the cardiac system
Pulmonary Valve is between
Aortic Valve is between
Mitral Valve is between
Coronary arteries... Myocardium... Conduction system... Valves
Right Ventricle and lungs
Left Ventricle and body
Left heart
Parts of the cardiac system
Coronary arteries... Myocardium... Conduction system... Valves
Pulmonary Valve is between
Right Ventricle and lungs
26 terms
Internal Medicine
Features of pre-renal azotemia (6)
Causes of pre-renal azotemia (3 catego…
Features of acute tubular necrosis (6)
Causes of acute tubular necrosis (1 +…
1. Hyaline casts... 2. FeNa < 1%... 3. FeUrea < 35% (if diuretics u…
1. Effective decrease in circulatory volume (i.e. shock)... 2. R…
1. Granular casts (75%)... 2. FeNa >2%... 3. FeUrea > 35%... 4. Uosm <…
1. Ischemia... 2. Endotoxins (myoglobin / rhabdomyolysis, uric a…
Features of pre-renal azotemia (6)
1. Hyaline casts... 2. FeNa < 1%... 3. FeUrea < 35% (if diuretics u…
Causes of pre-renal azotemia (3 catego…
1. Effective decrease in circulatory volume (i.e. shock)... 2. R…
637 terms
Internal Medicine
Vitiligo
other diseases associated with vitilig…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
Drugs that can be removed via dialysis
localized skin pigmentation loss... characterized by milk-white…
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy & oth…
Toxic alcohols (ethylene glycol, methanol, isopropyl alcohol)…
Vitiligo
localized skin pigmentation loss... characterized by milk-white…
other diseases associated with vitilig…
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
636 terms
Internal Medicine
other diseases associated with vitilig…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
Drugs that can be removed via dialysis
osmotic diarrhea = ?... motor diarrhea= ?
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy and o…
Toxic alcohols (ethylene glycol, methanol, isopropyl alcohol)…
osmotic = lactose intolerance... motor = hyperthyroidism
other diseases associated with vitilig…
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy and o…
313 terms
Internal Medicine
Kernig sign
Brudzinski's sign
Droplet precautions
Airborne isolation
attempt to straighten a leg of a supine patient after flexing…
With the patient laying supine flex the head taking the patie…
B. pertussis, influenza virus, adenovirus, rhinovirus, N. men…
Airborne isolation is designed to prevent transmission of inf…
Kernig sign
attempt to straighten a leg of a supine patient after flexing…
Brudzinski's sign
With the patient laying supine flex the head taking the patie…
117 terms
internal medicine
what are the toxicities of amiodarone
what are the causes of a fib
what is the PCWP, CO, and SVR in the f…
what are the 3 mcc's of CHF exacerbati…
BITCH
PIRATES
1. Rx noncompliance... 2. fluid/sodium restriction noncompliance…
what are the toxicities of amiodarone
BITCH
what are the causes of a fib
PIRATES
Internal Medicine
Multiple Myeloma
Hodgkin Lymphoma
Malpractice
Mitral stenosis
Most specific test to diagnose multiple myeloma is bone marro…
Hodgkin disease most commonly presents with systemic symptoms…
A physician can be held liable for malpractice if these 4 ele…
Mitral stenosis is the most common valvular disease caused by…
Multiple Myeloma
Most specific test to diagnose multiple myeloma is bone marro…
Hodgkin Lymphoma
Hodgkin disease most commonly presents with systemic symptoms…
Internal Medicine
other diseases associated with vitilig…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
Drugs that can be removed via dialysis
post RENAL transplant - what prophylac…
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy and o…
Toxic alcohols (ethylene glycol, methanol, isopropyl alcohol)…
- TMP SMX (PCP, toxo, nocardiosis, UTIs, pneumonia)... - to p…
other diseases associated with vitilig…
- pernicious anemia... - autoimmune thyroid disease... - DM1... - prim…
Dialysis (AEIOU)
- Acidemia that does not respond to bicarbonate therapy and o…
280 terms
Internal Medicine
What is the most "accurate" test for i…
What are the bacteria covered by amoxi…
When do you NOT consider penicillinase…
What issues does methicillin cause?
cultures
HELPS ... H. Flu ... E coli ... Listeria ... Proteus ... Salmonella
MRSA or enterococcus infections
Renal failure (so its NEVER the right answer choose oxacillin…
What is the most "accurate" test for i…
cultures
What are the bacteria covered by amoxi…
HELPS ... H. Flu ... E coli ... Listeria ... Proteus ... Salmonella
37 terms
internal medicine: cardio
treatment for cardiac pain
treatment for cardiac pain with st dep…
non cardiac chest pain types:
hypotension: management first steps
chewable aspirin, nitroglycerin, statin, beta blocker (metopr…
depression: lmwh; elevation; angioplasty or thrombolytics ( b…
considered dangerous below 90 (systolic); (treat first, diagn…
treatment for cardiac pain
chewable aspirin, nitroglycerin, statin, beta blocker (metopr…
treatment for cardiac pain with st dep…
depression: lmwh; elevation; angioplasty or thrombolytics ( b…
45 terms
Cardiology Internal
CAD Risk Factors
Characteristics of Anginal Pain
Cardiac Catheterization
Types of Stress Tests
DM (worst), HLD, HTN, Cigs, Age > 45 men, family hisotry
Pain is not sharp or stabbing, it does not change with breath…
Provides information on hemodynamics, intracardiac pressure,…
Stress ECG... Stress ECHO... Stress Myocardial Perfusion Imaging... Ph…
CAD Risk Factors
DM (worst), HLD, HTN, Cigs, Age > 45 men, family hisotry
Characteristics of Anginal Pain
Pain is not sharp or stabbing, it does not change with breath…
250 terms
Internal Medicine: Cardio
What are two kinds of hypertension? Wh…
What are atypical clinical features of…
What do you need to think of if a pati…
What are causes of secondary HTN (8)?
Primary (essential) - 90-95% of cases... Secondary
Early onset... Absent family hx... Hypokalemia... Kidney disease... Resis…
Secondary causes of HTN
Drug induced: OCPs, NSAIDs, chronic steroid therapy... CKD... Renal…
What are two kinds of hypertension? Wh…
Primary (essential) - 90-95% of cases... Secondary
What are atypical clinical features of…
Early onset... Absent family hx... Hypokalemia... Kidney disease... Resis…
321 terms
Internal Medicine
the median nerve travels with what ten…
medical tx for cachexia in advanced ca…
sarcoidosis most commonly affected org…
lung findings in sarcoidosis
- flexor digitorum superficialis, felxor digitorum profundus,…
- progesterone analogs (megestrol acetate and medroxyprogeste…
- skin (erythema nodosum), anterior uveitis, arthritis
- b/l hilar adenoapthy
the median nerve travels with what ten…
- flexor digitorum superficialis, felxor digitorum profundus,…
medical tx for cachexia in advanced ca…
- progesterone analogs (megestrol acetate and medroxyprogeste…
35 terms
Internal Medicine
Rx for acute MI
Rx CHF
Replacement for K 3-3.5 CR < 2.0
K 2.5-3.0 and CR <2.0
...
...
Oral 40 meq Bid ... 20 meq IV over 2 hours
40 meq IV over 2 hours
Rx for acute MI
...
Rx CHF
...
Internal Medicine
Most effective treatment for allergic…
Mild intermittent asthma
Mild persistent asthma
Moderate persistent asthma
intranasal corticosteroids
Sx < 2 days/wk and < 2 days/month... PEF > 80%... Tx: Bronchodilato…
Sx > 2 days/wk but not daily or > 2 nights/month... PEF > 80%... Tx…
Daily sx or > 1 night/wk... PEF 60-80%... Tx: Medium-dose inhaled c…
Most effective treatment for allergic…
intranasal corticosteroids
Mild intermittent asthma
Sx < 2 days/wk and < 2 days/month... PEF > 80%... Tx: Bronchodilato…
18 terms
Internal Medicine
Winter's Formula
Calculate Maintenance Fluids
FENa
BUN/Cr Ratio
PCO2= (1.5*HCO3)+8 +/-2... Used for metabolic acidosis... If PCO2…
4/2/1 rule gives the hourly fluid rate for maintenance fluids…
Fractional excretion of sodium, for evaluating patients with…
>20:1 indicates pre-renal failure... <20:1 indicates intrinsic r…
Winter's Formula
PCO2= (1.5*HCO3)+8 +/-2... Used for metabolic acidosis... If PCO2…
Calculate Maintenance Fluids
4/2/1 rule gives the hourly fluid rate for maintenance fluids…
285 terms
Internal Medicine
Mechanism of Penicillin
Clinical uses of Penicillin
Toxicity of penicillins
Penicillinase-resistant penicillins
bind penicillin-binding proteins... block transpeptidase cross-l…
GP organisms (S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, Actinomyces)... N. men…
hypersensitivity reactions... hemolytic anemia
oxacillin, nafcillin, dicloxacillin
Mechanism of Penicillin
bind penicillin-binding proteins... block transpeptidase cross-l…
Clinical uses of Penicillin
GP organisms (S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, Actinomyces)... N. men…
30 terms
Internal Medicine
amyloidosis
ascites
carcinomatosis
cholecystitis
group metabolic disorders
accumulation excess fluid
widespread dissemination of carcinoma in body
inflammation of gallbladder wall
amyloidosis
group metabolic disorders
ascites
accumulation excess fluid
178 terms
Internal Medicine
Vitamin D Deficiency Most Common
Vitamin D Can Lead to...
Vitamin D Deficiency Due to
Medications that cause Vitamin D Defic…
Cause of Osteomalacia (Softening of bones = increasing the ri…
1. Prostate, Breast, Lung, and Colon Cancer... 2. Stabilizes cel…
Diminished exposure of sunlight due to:... Automobiles and Publi…
Anticonvulsants Such As:... Phenytoin ... Carbamazepine... Valproic Ac…
Vitamin D Deficiency Most Common
Cause of Osteomalacia (Softening of bones = increasing the ri…
Vitamin D Can Lead to...
1. Prostate, Breast, Lung, and Colon Cancer... 2. Stabilizes cel…
684 terms
Internal Medicine
most accurate test for pulmonary HTN
tests for pulmonary HTN and possible f…
Pulmonary HTN treatment
dx and tx of: monomorphic pink/purple…
swanz-ganz catheter
-CXR/CT- dilated proximal pulmonary aa and distal vessel "pru…
O2 and...... -Prostacyclin analogues (epoprostenol, treprostinil…
Gianotti-crosti syndrome... papular acrodermatitis... -resolves in…
most accurate test for pulmonary HTN
swanz-ganz catheter
tests for pulmonary HTN and possible f…
-CXR/CT- dilated proximal pulmonary aa and distal vessel "pru…
348 terms
Internal Medicine
Impaired glucose tolerance/pre-diabetes
Positive stress test...
Diagnosis of DM
Dawn phenomenon
fasting glucose: 110-125 or 2-hour postprandial glucose: 140-…
Cardiac cath
1. 2 fasting glucose measurements >125 ... 2. random glucose >20…
increase in nocturnal secretion of GH leading to morning hype…
Impaired glucose tolerance/pre-diabetes
fasting glucose: 110-125 or 2-hour postprandial glucose: 140-…
Positive stress test...
Cardiac cath
7 terms
Internal medicine
Altered mental status
Insomnia and anxiety
Pain
Hypertension
Altered mental status
Insomnia and anxiety
Pain
Hypertension
Altered mental status
Altered mental status
Insomnia and anxiety
Insomnia and anxiety
449 terms
Internal Medicine
Branching of the upper airways
Pathophysiology of liver disease
The __ is where the trachea splits int…
The __ encapsulates the lungs
Trachea ... Bronchi ... Bronchioles ... Alveoli
Viral (Hep B or C)... Alcoholic liver disease ... TB/Mono/Syphilis…
Carina ... Bronchi
Pleura
Branching of the upper airways
Trachea ... Bronchi ... Bronchioles ... Alveoli
Pathophysiology of liver disease
Viral (Hep B or C)... Alcoholic liver disease ... TB/Mono/Syphilis…
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