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Study sets matching "cardiology pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "cardiology pharmacology"

76 terms
Pharmacology; Cardiology
Contractility
Preload
Afterload
CO
force of contraction
amount of blood in heart before contraction
amount of pressure heart exerts to move blood
HR x SV
Contractility
force of contraction
Preload
amount of blood in heart before contraction
41 terms
Cardiology pharmacology
Diuretic effects on calcium and potass…
Which anti hypertensive causes hyperka…
Calcium channel blocker toxicity
Use of CCB
Loops cause hypocalcemia, hypokalemic, ... Thiazides cause hype…
ACE inhibitors... ARB... Spiranolactone
Cardiac depression, av block, edema, FLUSHING, dizziness, hyp…
Dihydropyridine - hypertension, angina, Raynaud's phenomenom…
Diuretic effects on calcium and potass…
Loops cause hypocalcemia, hypokalemic, ... Thiazides cause hype…
Which anti hypertensive causes hyperka…
ACE inhibitors... ARB... Spiranolactone
81 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Which drugs are dangerous for HTN in HF?
Which drugs are contraindicated in car…
Which HTN drugs are ok in pregnancy?
What are the two types of Calcium Chan…
Beta blockers must be cautiously used in decompensated HF and…
Beta blockers... -Why make the heart beat slower, it's already i…
"Mom Needs to Lower Hypertension"... M- Methyldopa... N-Nifedipine…
Dihydropyridines... Non-Dihydropyridines
Which drugs are dangerous for HTN in HF?
Beta blockers must be cautiously used in decompensated HF and…
Which drugs are contraindicated in car…
Beta blockers... -Why make the heart beat slower, it's already i…
27 terms
Cardiology-Pharmacology
ACE I:... captopril... lisinopril... enalapril…
Angiotensin II R blockers ARBs:... losart…
aliskiren
HTN in pregnancy
inhibit ACE--> decrease angiotensin II--> decrease GFR by pre…
selectively block binding of angiotensin II to AT1 R... use HTN,…
direct renin inhibitor, blocks angiotensinogen to angiotensin…
hypertensive moms loves nifedipine... hydrazaline, labetolol, me…
ACE I:... captopril... lisinopril... enalapril…
inhibit ACE--> decrease angiotensin II--> decrease GFR by pre…
Angiotensin II R blockers ARBs:... losart…
selectively block binding of angiotensin II to AT1 R... use HTN,…
110 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Treatment for primary (essential) hype…
Treatment for hypertension with heart…
Treatment for hypertension with diabet…
Dihydropyridine calcium channel blocke…
Thiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, angiontensin II receptor…
Diuretics, ACE inhibitors/ARBs, beta-blockers (compensated HF…
ACE inhibitors/ARBs, Ca2+ channel blockers, thiazide diuretic…
-dipine: amlodipine, clevidipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, ni…
Treatment for primary (essential) hype…
Thiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, angiontensin II receptor…
Treatment for hypertension with heart…
Diuretics, ACE inhibitors/ARBs, beta-blockers (compensated HF…
28 terms
Cardiology-Pharmacology
a. SL nitro, XR nitro/patches/ointment…
a. HMG-CoA inhibitor... b. niacin
dobutamine, milrinone... photosensitivity…
class 1... class 2... class 3... class 4
Pt. presents with acute CP, what is the drug of choice, how d…
55 y.o. male presents with hypertension and an elevated LDL.…
1. Agents for acute heart decompensation for ionotropic suppo…
Sodium channel blockers; generally cause decreased in cell me…
a. SL nitro, XR nitro/patches/ointment…
Pt. presents with acute CP, what is the drug of choice, how d…
a. HMG-CoA inhibitor... b. niacin
55 y.o. male presents with hypertension and an elevated LDL.…
27 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Adenosine or Dipyridamole
Dobutamine
ASA & Clopidogrel
•Nitrates (Nitroglycerin)... •B Blockers…
Meds for Pharmacologic Stress Testing... Vasodilation of normal…
Med for Echo Stress Testing... Positive Inotrope
Used to prevent coronary thrombosis after PTCA (stent)
Pharmacologic Management of Stable (Chronic) Angina
Adenosine or Dipyridamole
Meds for Pharmacologic Stress Testing... Vasodilation of normal…
Dobutamine
Med for Echo Stress Testing... Positive Inotrope
51 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Phenylephrine
Isoproterenol
β1 (↑CTY, HR) and β2(vasodilation); α1(vasoconstriction) at h…
α1(vasoconstriction) > β1 (↑CTY, HR)... Indications: hypotension
α1(vasoconstriction)... Indications: hypotension
β1 (↑CTY, HR) = β2(vasodilation) (iso = same acts on both β1+…
Epinephrine
β1 (↑CTY, HR) and β2(vasodilation); α1(vasoconstriction) at h…
Norepinephrine
α1(vasoconstriction) > β1 (↑CTY, HR)... Indications: hypotension
176 terms
Pharmacology; Cardiology
Contractility
Preload
Afterload
CO
force of contraction
amount of blood in heart before contraction
amount of pressure heart exerts to move blood
HR x SV
Contractility
force of contraction
Preload
amount of blood in heart before contraction
76 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Name the 3 major categories of anti-is…
Describe the mechanism of Nitrates
Describe the physiological effects of…
Contrast short acting and long-acting…
Nitrates... Beta adrenergic receptor antagonists... Calcium Channel…
metabolized by endogenous mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenas…
Overall: increased venodilation in lower doses and arterial v…
Short acting (nitroglycerine) is absorbed mucosally or transd…
Name the 3 major categories of anti-is…
Nitrates... Beta adrenergic receptor antagonists... Calcium Channel…
Describe the mechanism of Nitrates
metabolized by endogenous mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenas…
131 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
acebutalol
acetylcholine
adenosine
aliskiren
b1 selective antagonist... tx: HTN and angina
MOA: Works on MAChR & NAChR... Nicotinic receptors require 2 Ach…
MOA: Naturally occurring nucleoside; activates inward rectifi…
MOA: Renin inhibitor.... EFFECTS: For tx of HTN. Work as effecti…
acebutalol
b1 selective antagonist... tx: HTN and angina
acetylcholine
MOA: Works on MAChR & NAChR... Nicotinic receptors require 2 Ach…
162 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Reserpine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocking…
Guanethidine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocki…
Bretylium (Adrenergic Neuron Blocking…
Methyldopa (Centrally Acting Sympathop…
deplete NE/DA/5-HT by blocking VMAT... side effects: parkonsinis…
causes displacement + slow release of catelcholamines by acti…
blockade of release of NE... works as a local anesthetic and can…
replace precursors for NE w/ breakdown products of it causing…
Reserpine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocking…
deplete NE/DA/5-HT by blocking VMAT... side effects: parkonsinis…
Guanethidine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocki…
causes displacement + slow release of catelcholamines by acti…
75 terms
Pharmacology - cardiology
Spirinolactone
PCT
NaHCO3-Na/H exchanger (NHE3)
Thick ascending limb LOH
All antidiuretics act at luminal side of tubular cellular mem…
Isosmotic reabsorption
Transport system at PCT.
Diluting segment
Spirinolactone
All antidiuretics act at luminal side of tubular cellular mem…
PCT
Isosmotic reabsorption
49 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
ACEI Uses
ACEi MOA
ACEi side effects
Angiotensin converting enzyme
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor ... used primarily for t…
Blocks aldosterone formation thus reducing peripheral resista…
Cough ... Rashes ... leukopenia ... hyperkalemia
Converts angiotensin I to Angiotensin II ... Angiotensin II inc…
ACEI Uses
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor ... used primarily for t…
ACEi MOA
Blocks aldosterone formation thus reducing peripheral resista…
193 terms
Pharmacology: Cardiology
Cardiac Output (CO)
Stroke volume
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
HR X Stroke Volume (SV)
the volume of blood pumped per minute
arterial blood pressure during ventricular contraction
arterial blood pressure during ventricular relaxation
Cardiac Output (CO)
HR X Stroke Volume (SV)
Stroke volume
the volume of blood pumped per minute
162 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Reserpine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocking…
Guanethidine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocki…
Bretylium (Adrenergic Neuron Blocking…
Methyldopa (Centrally Acting Sympathop…
deplete NE/DA/5-HT by blocking VMAT... side effects: parkonsinis…
causes displacement + slow release of catelcholamines by acti…
blockade of release of NE... works as a local anesthetic and can…
replace precursors for NE w/ breakdown products of it causing…
Reserpine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocking…
deplete NE/DA/5-HT by blocking VMAT... side effects: parkonsinis…
Guanethidine (Adrenergic Neuron Blocki…
causes displacement + slow release of catelcholamines by acti…
80 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
atorvastatin (Lipitor)
simvastatin (Zocor)
rosuvastatin (Crestor)
pravastatin (Pravachol)
Prevention of cardiovascular disease. Reduce the risk of myoc…
Cholesterol-lowering drug. It belongs to a class of drugs cal…
Important to check liver function as all dyslipedemic agents…
Used in prevention of cardiovascular disease. Reduces the ris…
atorvastatin (Lipitor)
Prevention of cardiovascular disease. Reduce the risk of myoc…
simvastatin (Zocor)
Cholesterol-lowering drug. It belongs to a class of drugs cal…
20 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Quinidine
Procainamide
Dispyramide
Lidocaine
sodium channel blocker ... (Class 1)
sodium channel blocker ... (Class 1)
sodium channel blocker ... (Class 1)
sodium channel blocker ... (Class 1B)... - best choice for acute a…
Quinidine
sodium channel blocker ... (Class 1)
Procainamide
sodium channel blocker ... (Class 1)
193 terms
Pharmacology: Cardiology
Cardiac Output (CO)
Stroke volume
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
HR X Stroke Volume (SV)
the volume of blood pumped per minute
arterial blood pressure during ventricular contraction
arterial blood pressure during ventricular relaxation
Cardiac Output (CO)
HR X Stroke Volume (SV)
Stroke volume
the volume of blood pumped per minute
45 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
What are the 5 medications that reduce…
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibito…
#1 side effect of ACEI is ____, which…
Indications for ACEI are anyone with h…
ACEI, aRBS, BB, Aldosterone antag, nitrate+hydralazine... Digox…
angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2
cough, bradykinin
MI, EF... bilateral renal artery stenosis. hx of angioedema.
What are the 5 medications that reduce…
ACEI, aRBS, BB, Aldosterone antag, nitrate+hydralazine... Digox…
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibito…
angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2
17 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
captopril... enalapril... lisinopril
losartan
metoprolol
carvedilol
-ACE inhibitors... -interrupt production of ATII by inhibiting A…
-ARB... -reversibly bind to AT1 receptor ->... similar to ACE inhib…
-beta-1 blocker... -antagonize NE competitively and reversibly... *…
B1, B2, A1 receptor blocker... -for: HTN, CHF
captopril... enalapril... lisinopril
-ACE inhibitors... -interrupt production of ATII by inhibiting A…
losartan
-ARB... -reversibly bind to AT1 receptor ->... similar to ACE inhib…
15 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Two major divisions of the circulatory…
Cardiac output=
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
Pulmonary circulation and systemic circulation
HR x SV
Arterial blood pressure during ventricular contraction
Arterial blood pressure during ventricular relaxation
Two major divisions of the circulatory…
Pulmonary circulation and systemic circulation
Cardiac output=
HR x SV
10 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
Resistance
What is the resistance dependent upon?
Preload
Afterload
The ability of blood to move through a vessel
-The diameter of the vessel... -The thickness of the blood
The volume of the blood to be ejected
Blood pressure
Resistance
The ability of blood to move through a vessel
What is the resistance dependent upon?
-The diameter of the vessel... -The thickness of the blood
Cardiology Pharmacology
Diuretics-- lower BP- deplete body of…
Sympathoplegic Agents-- reduce PVR, in…
Direct vasodilators- reduce BP by rela…
Inhibitors of Angiotensin System- redu…
MOA: Blocks action of Na/Cl cotransporter in luminal membrane…
MOA: partial agonist at alpha2 adrenoreceptors in the medulla…
MOA: activates guanylyl cyclase in vascular smooth muscle cel…
MOA: competitively inhibits the ACE peptidyl dipeptidase on l…
Diuretics-- lower BP- deplete body of…
MOA: Blocks action of Na/Cl cotransporter in luminal membrane…
Sympathoplegic Agents-- reduce PVR, in…
MOA: partial agonist at alpha2 adrenoreceptors in the medulla…
38 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
ACE Inhibitors MOA
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibito…
DHP CCB end in
Beta Blockers end in
Prevents conversion of AngI to AngII so Ang II can't induce r…
Pril... ex: enalipril
Dipine ... ex: amlodipine
Olol... ex: metoprolol, propranolol
ACE Inhibitors MOA
Prevents conversion of AngI to AngII so Ang II can't induce r…
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibito…
Pril... ex: enalipril
146 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
what is the mnemonic to remember class…
what are the class Ia antiarrhythmics
what are the 3 effects of the class Ia…
what are the adverse effects of each c…
double quarter pounder ... lettuce tomato mayo ... fries please
disopyramide ... quinidine ... procainamide
decrease AP ... increase refractory period ... prolong QT interval
disopyramide: thrombocytopenia & TdeP ... quinidine: cinchonism…
what is the mnemonic to remember class…
double quarter pounder ... lettuce tomato mayo ... fries please
what are the class Ia antiarrhythmics
disopyramide ... quinidine ... procainamide
11 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
ATROPINE... (Parasympatholytic)
LIDOCAINE... (Antiarrhythmic)
ADENOSINE... (Nucleoside)
AMIODARONE... (Antiarrhythmic)
Indications-Is used to treat symptomatic bradycardias, especi…
Indications-Is used in ventricular tachycardia and fibrillati…
Indications-Stable and unstable narrow complex tachcardias... S…
Indications-Cardiac arrest with shockable rhythm (V-fib, puls…
ATROPINE... (Parasympatholytic)
Indications-Is used to treat symptomatic bradycardias, especi…
LIDOCAINE... (Antiarrhythmic)
Indications-Is used in ventricular tachycardia and fibrillati…
98 terms
PHARMACOLOGY: Cardiology
Atenolol... Class
Atenolol... MOA
Atenolol... Clinical Use
Atenolol... Adverse effects
Therapeutic: sympatholytic, antihypertensive... Pharmacologic: s…
Blocks B1 receptors (heart)... Reduces resting and exercise-indu…
Angina... HTN... Post-MI
Tiredness (MC)... HoTN, bradycardia, cold extremities... Bronchospa…
Atenolol... Class
Therapeutic: sympatholytic, antihypertensive... Pharmacologic: s…
Atenolol... MOA
Blocks B1 receptors (heart)... Reduces resting and exercise-indu…
77 terms
Cardiology pharmacology
Which beta blocker is known to possibl…
Anti-arrhythmic drug class which block…
Anti-arrhythmic drug class which block…
Anti-arrhythmic drug class which subst…
Sotalol
Class I... Ia Disopyramide, quinidine ... Ib Lidocaine ... Ic Flecain…
Class II... Atenalol, bisoprolol
Class III
Which beta blocker is known to possibl…
Sotalol
Anti-arrhythmic drug class which block…
Class I... Ia Disopyramide, quinidine ... Ib Lidocaine ... Ic Flecain…
69 terms
Cardiology pharmacology
What is aspirin and how does it work?
What are some side effects and contrai…
Clopidogrel mechanism of action?
What is clopidogrel supposed to prevent?
It is an anti-platelet.... Selective COX-1 inhibitor, decreases…
Reye's Syndrome (>16yr)... Bronchospasm... GI irritation... GI bleedin…
Selectively inhibits binding of ADP to its receptor on a plat…
Atherothrombosis
What is aspirin and how does it work?
It is an anti-platelet.... Selective COX-1 inhibitor, decreases…
What are some side effects and contrai…
Reye's Syndrome (>16yr)... Bronchospasm... GI irritation... GI bleedin…
Cardiology Pharmacology
What are the nitrates?
What nitrate requires enzymatic cataly…
What nitrate does not require enzymati…
What are the side effects of nitroglyc…
Nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside
Nitroglycerin
Sodium nitroprusside
Headache and syncope
What are the nitrates?
Nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside
What nitrate requires enzymatic cataly…
Nitroglycerin
28 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology
What meds reduce mortality in systolic…
Management goals of diastolic dysfunct…
Describe place of ACE-I in heart failu…
Indications/CI of ACE-I in HF?
-Mortality: ACE/ARBs, BB, aldosterone antagonists, Nitrate+hy…
-Control blood pressure and ventricular rate... -Diuretics as ne…
-Cornerstone thearpy. Block conversion of Angiotension I-->II…
-Indications: all pts w/ hx of MI, pts with reduced EF and no…
What meds reduce mortality in systolic…
-Mortality: ACE/ARBs, BB, aldosterone antagonists, Nitrate+hy…
Management goals of diastolic dysfunct…
-Control blood pressure and ventricular rate... -Diuretics as ne…
67 terms
CARDIOLOGY PHARMACOLOGY
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibito…
Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists (A…
Thiazide diuretics
Nitrates: Isosorbide, nitroglycerine:…
•Black Box Warning: 2nd and 3rd trimester, category C first t…
Class D in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Use during pregnancy h…
Pregnancy Category B or C but are considered "inappropriate"…
"nitrate-free" period to prevent this tolerance, ... Dizziness;…
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibito…
•Black Box Warning: 2nd and 3rd trimester, category C first t…
Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists (A…
Class D in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Use during pregnancy h…
56 terms
DIT Cardiology Pharmacology
what are the 4 classes of Antiarrhythm…
what do all class I drugs do
review ventricular phases
which drugs are class 1A
"no bad boy keeps clean"
decrease the slope of phase zero... also effect phase 3 but z…
Abba Plays Dancing Queen
what are the 4 classes of Antiarrhythm…
"no bad boy keeps clean"
what do all class I drugs do
decrease the slope of phase zero... also effect phase 3 but z…
CARDIOLOGY PHARMACOLOGY
What are the RENIN-ANGlO system effect…
What are the ACE inhibitors?
What is the Mechanism of Action ACE in…
What are the Indications for ACE inhib…
ACE inhibitors; Losartan
Captopril; Enalapril; Fosinopril
Inhibits the conversion of Ang I to Ang II-> decreases Ang II
Hypertension; CHF; post Ml and vasodilator
What are the RENIN-ANGlO system effect…
ACE inhibitors; Losartan
What are the ACE inhibitors?
Captopril; Enalapril; Fosinopril
31 terms
Cardiology/ pharmacology
Alpha receptor sensitivity to Nora-adr…
Beta receptor sensitivity to Nora-adre…
Which G protein do alpha cells affect?…
Which G protein do Beta cell affect?
NA>ADR>I
ISO>ADR>NA
Gq post-syntactically ... Gi pre-synaptically
Gs
Alpha receptor sensitivity to Nora-adr…
NA>ADR>I
Beta receptor sensitivity to Nora-adre…
ISO>ADR>NA
118 terms
CARDIOLOGY- Pharmacology
(Acts via Ca++ channel inhibition and…
1. Tolerance- need 8-10 hours between…
Cannot take with PDE-5 (sildenafil)
Reduce myocardial O2 demand by reduc…
3 Mechanisms of Nitrates
SEx Nitrates
Key Contraindication Nitrates
Mechanism Beta-blockers
(Acts via Ca++ channel inhibition and…
3 Mechanisms of Nitrates
1. Tolerance- need 8-10 hours between…
SEx Nitrates
Pharmacology/Cardiology
ARB's (sartan)... candesartan... Teveten... Ava…
ACE INHIBITORS (pril)... benazepril... capto…
BETA-ADRENERGIC BLOCKING AGENTS... (olol)…
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS (ine)... Norvasc…
Binds to angiotensin II receptor sites/blocks the vasoconstri…
Reduces BP, preserves cardiac output, increases renal blood f…
Inhibits cardiac response to sympathetic nerve stimulation. I…
Inhibits movement of calcium ions across cell membranes. ... USE…
ARB's (sartan)... candesartan... Teveten... Ava…
Binds to angiotensin II receptor sites/blocks the vasoconstri…
ACE INHIBITORS (pril)... benazepril... capto…
Reduces BP, preserves cardiac output, increases renal blood f…
132 terms
Step 1: Cardiology Pharmacology
What are the HMG-CoA Reductase inhibit…
How do statins work?
What is the biggest effect that statin…
What side effects do statins have?
Lovastatin, Pravastatin, Simvastatin, Atorvastatin, Rosuvas…
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
They decrease LDL and decrease total cholesterol level.
Hepatotoxicity. May cause an increase if LFT's. Myopathy, rha…
What are the HMG-CoA Reductase inhibit…
Lovastatin, Pravastatin, Simvastatin, Atorvastatin, Rosuvas…
How do statins work?
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
114 terms
Step 1: Cardiology Pharmacology
How do statins work? sf?
What medications are contraindicated w…
In what types of patients are statins…
How does Niacin work?
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
Myopathy if statins are given with:... Fibrates... Niacin... Rhabdomy…
In patients who lack LDL receptors and are homozygous for fam…
Niacin = B3... Inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue. Reduces VL…
How do statins work? sf?
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
What medications are contraindicated w…
Myopathy if statins are given with:... Fibrates... Niacin... Rhabdomy…
23 terms
Pharmacology Unit 4 Cardiology
The client is to begin taking atorvast…
A client is receiving cholestyramine (…
The nurse is instructing a client on h…
The community health nurse is working…
Answer: 2... Rationale: "Statins" (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors)…
Answer: 1... Rationale: Obstruction of the GI tract is one of th…
Answer: 2, 3... Rationale: Intense flushing and hot flashes occu…
Answer: 4... Rationale: Grapefruit juice inhibits the metabolism…
The client is to begin taking atorvast…
Answer: 2... Rationale: "Statins" (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors)…
A client is receiving cholestyramine (…
Answer: 1... Rationale: Obstruction of the GI tract is one of th…
164 terms
Cardiology: Arrythmias, Pharmacology
3 indications for permanent pacing.
Indications for radiofrequency ablation.
What is given to treat early afterdepo…
What drugs are given for delayed after…
1. bradyarrhythmias.... 2. Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity Syndro…
1. Symptomatic SVT.... 2. Atrial fibrillation.... 3. Symptomatic Ve…
1. Drugs that inhibit L-type calcium channels.... 2. Shorten act…
1. Reduce intracellular calcium overload.... 2. Calcium channel…
3 indications for permanent pacing.
1. bradyarrhythmias.... 2. Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity Syndro…
Indications for radiofrequency ablation.
1. Symptomatic SVT.... 2. Atrial fibrillation.... 3. Symptomatic Ve…
93 terms
(main) Cardiology Pharmacology
What are the classes of anti-arrythmics?
Class I-Na+ channel blockers... a. mechan…
Phase:Class I Drugs
Class IA... a. list... b. main actions... c. us…
Class I- Na+ channel blockers... Class II-- B blockers ... Class II…
a. decrease slope of phase 0 of ventricular depolarization ... b…
a. disopyramide, quinidine, procainamide, amidorone... b. increa…
What are the classes of anti-arrythmics?
Class I- Na+ channel blockers... Class II-- B blockers ... Class II…
Class I-Na+ channel blockers... a. mechan…
a. decrease slope of phase 0 of ventricular depolarization ... b…
46 terms
Pharmacology study guide CARDIOLOGY
What is the purpose of an anti-arrhyth…
What causes an arrhythmia?
What would the nurse need to assess pr…
What are the three essentials of Amiod…
To prevent, suppress or treat a disturbance in cardiac rhythm.
Causes of arrhythmias: low O2 stats,↓ potassium (hypokalemia)…
HR & BP and confirm that the patient does not have asthma.
1) use a polyvinyl chloride filter ... 2) use polyvinyl chloride…
What is the purpose of an anti-arrhyth…
To prevent, suppress or treat a disturbance in cardiac rhythm.
What causes an arrhythmia?
Causes of arrhythmias: low O2 stats,↓ potassium (hypokalemia)…
56 terms
DIT Cardiology Pharmacology
what are the 4 classes of Antiarrhythm…
what do all class I drugs do
review ventricular phases
which drugs are class 1A
"no bad boy keeps clean"
decrease the slope of phase zero... also effect phase 3 but z…
Abba Plays Dancing Queen
what are the 4 classes of Antiarrhythm…
"no bad boy keeps clean"
what do all class I drugs do
decrease the slope of phase zero... also effect phase 3 but z…
56 terms
Pharmacology Unit 3 Cardiology
A client with atrial fibrillation is r…
718. A nurse provides discharge instru…
719. A client who is receiving digoxin…
720. A client is being treated with pr…
2. Activated partial thromboplastin time of 60 seconds
4. "I will take Ecotrin (enteric-coated aspirin) for my heada…
1. 0.5 to 2 ng/mL
4. Auscultate the client's apical pulse and obtain a blood pr…
A client with atrial fibrillation is r…
2. Activated partial thromboplastin time of 60 seconds
718. A nurse provides discharge instru…
4. "I will take Ecotrin (enteric-coated aspirin) for my heada…
139 terms
Step 1: Cardiology Pharmacology
What are the HMG-CoA Reductase inhibit…
How do statins work?
What is the biggest effect that statin…
What side effects do statins have?
Lovastatin, Pravastatin, Simvastatin, Atorvastatin, Rosuvas…
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
They decrease LDL and decrease total cholesterol level.
Hepatotoxicity. May cause an increase if LFT's. Myopathy, rha…
What are the HMG-CoA Reductase inhibit…
Lovastatin, Pravastatin, Simvastatin, Atorvastatin, Rosuvas…
How do statins work?
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
114 terms
Step 1: Cardiology Pharmacology
How do statins work? sf?
What medications are contraindicated w…
In what types of patients are statins…
How does Niacin work?
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
Myopathy if statins are given with:... Fibrates... Niacin... Rhabdomy…
In patients who lack LDL receptors and are homozygous for fam…
Niacin = B3... Inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue. Reduces VL…
How do statins work? sf?
Inhibit the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate (chol precurs…
What medications are contraindicated w…
Myopathy if statins are given with:... Fibrates... Niacin... Rhabdomy…
53 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology pt.1
What medications are safe to use in a…
preferred DOC for a diabetic with HTN?…
Preferred DOC with HTN & HF? (2)
preferred DOC with primary HTN? (2)
Hydralazine (VD), labetalol, methyl dopa
ACEi/ARBs or CCB
Diuretics, ACEi & ARBs
Thiazide diuretics (prox DCT), ACEi/ARBS
What medications are safe to use in a…
Hydralazine (VD), labetalol, methyl dopa
preferred DOC for a diabetic with HTN?…
ACEi/ARBs or CCB
62 terms
Cardiology Pharmacology - STEP 1
Class 1A Anti-arrhythmics
Quinidine
Procainamide
Disopyramide
Na-channel blockers... Preferentially Open, active state of Na-…
Class 1A... AE: Cinchonism (headache, tinnitis); torsades de po…
Class 1A... AE: Hematotoxicity (leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, c…
Class 1A antiarrhytmic... AE: Heart failure, Torsades de points…
Class 1A Anti-arrhythmics
Na-channel blockers... Preferentially Open, active state of Na-…
Quinidine
Class 1A... AE: Cinchonism (headache, tinnitis); torsades de po…
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