Study sets matching "cardiology"

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Study sets matching "cardiology"

24 terms
Cardiology
The two upper chambers of the heart ar…
The mitral valve is found between the_…
The word for within the ventricle is__…
The thick, muscular layer that makes u…
atria
left atrium and the left ventricle
Intraventricular
Myocardium
The two upper chambers of the heart ar…
atria
The mitral valve is found between the_…
left atrium and the left ventricle
Cardiology
Stress Test
Evaluation of Benign Heart Murmur
Leriche syndrome
Quit Smoking after MI
For a patient who is able to exercise and has a normal baseli…
Echocardiography is not indicated for patients with brief, ea…
Buttock and hip claudication, diminished femoral pulses, and…
Mortality among patients who quit smoking following a myocard…
Stress Test
For a patient who is able to exercise and has a normal baseli…
Evaluation of Benign Heart Murmur
Echocardiography is not indicated for patients with brief, ea…
19 terms
Cardiology
Cardiomegaly
Endocarditis
Arrhythmia
Bradycardia
enlargement of the heart, usually due to congestive heart fai…
inflammation and bacterial infection of the endocardium linin…
any type of irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart.
Arrhythmia in which the heart beats too slowly. (A patient wi…
Cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart, usually due to congestive heart fai…
Endocarditis
inflammation and bacterial infection of the endocardium linin…
50 terms
Cardiology
Ablation
Atrium
Bradycardia
Capillaries
The removal or destruction of tissue. A disruption of an elec…
One of two upper chambers in the heart.
Abnormally slow heartbeat.
Tiny blood vessels between arteries and veins that distribute…
Ablation
The removal or destruction of tissue. A disruption of an elec…
Atrium
One of two upper chambers in the heart.
Cardiology
Congestive Heart Failure
What is the MCC of CHF?
What medication do you never give duri…
What two drug classes reduce mortality…
Two types ... 1. Systolic - decreased pump function, ejection fr…
Coronary Artery Disease
BB
BB and ACE/ARB... Digoxin
Congestive Heart Failure
Two types ... 1. Systolic - decreased pump function, ejection fr…
What is the MCC of CHF?
Coronary Artery Disease
Cardiology
Cardiac ablation
Atrium
Bradycardia
Cardioversion
nonsurgical procedure that is used to treat some types of rap…
One of two upper chambers in the heart.
Abnormally slow heartbeat.
a procedure in which a patient receives an electrical shock o…
Cardiac ablation
nonsurgical procedure that is used to treat some types of rap…
Atrium
One of two upper chambers in the heart.
53 terms
Cardiology
Angio-
Arterio-
Cardio-
-cyte
Blood vessel
Artery
Heart
Cell
Angio-
Blood vessel
Arterio-
Artery
Cardiology
What is the function of the aorta?
How many chambers/ventricles does the…
What is the function of the SA node?
Which part of the body receives blood…
blood flow to the body
four
It is the pacemaker of the heart
The lungs
What is the function of the aorta?
blood flow to the body
How many chambers/ventricles does the…
four
Cardiology
The two upper chambers of the heart ar…
The mitral valve is found between the_…
The word for within the ventricle is__…
The thick, muscular layer that makes u…
atria
left atrium and the left ventricle
Intraventricular
Myocardium
The two upper chambers of the heart ar…
atria
The mitral valve is found between the_…
left atrium and the left ventricle
Cardiology
Cardiology cycles
Systolic/diastolic
More...
More...
Cardiology cycles
Systolic/diastolic
113 terms
Cardiology
Angio-
Arterio-
Cardio-
-cyte
Blood vessel
Artery
Heart
Cell
Angio-
Blood vessel
Arterio-
Artery
85 terms
Cardiology
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Apex
Heart and Blood Vessels
Takes blood away from the heart
Takes blood back to the heart
bottom edge of the heart that lies on the diaphragm
Circulatory System
Heart and Blood Vessels
Arteries
Takes blood away from the heart
Cardiology
Common carotid artery
Common carotid artery
Marginal branch of RCA
Posterior interventricular branch of t…
Common carotid artery
Common carotid artery
92 terms
Cardiology
Pathway of blood in the heart
Stroke volume
Afterload
Preload
1. Vena cava... 2. Right atrium... 3. Tricuspid... 4. Right ventricle…
Def: The amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat
Def: The amount of pressure or force the ventricles exert to…
Def: The maximum stretch in the ventricle just before systole…
Pathway of blood in the heart
1. Vena cava... 2. Right atrium... 3. Tricuspid... 4. Right ventricle…
Stroke volume
Def: The amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat
310 terms
Cardiology
How much does lowering diastolic BP by…
Write out equations for BP and CO.
How can TPR be changed to decrease BP?
How can SV be changed to decrease BP?
35-40%
BP= CO x PR... CO= SV x HR
Decrease sympathetic activity to decrease vasoconstriction... Re…
Decrease contractility... Decrease preload via venous tone and b…
How much does lowering diastolic BP by…
35-40%
Write out equations for BP and CO.
BP= CO x PR... CO= SV x HR
25 terms
Cardiology
Allantois--> urachus
Umbilical arterieis
Umbilical vein
Inc pulse pressure
Median umbilical ligament... Urachus is part of all atomic duct…
Medial umbilical ligament
Ligamentum teres hepatis... Contained in falciform ligament
Hyperthyroid... Aortic regurg... Aortic stiffening... Obstructive slee…
Allantois--> urachus
Median umbilical ligament... Urachus is part of all atomic duct…
Umbilical arterieis
Medial umbilical ligament
304 terms
Cardiology
Introduction... Types of primary heart d…
What is congestive heart failure?
Congestive Heart Failure Pathophysiolo…
Congestive Heart Failure Pathophysiology
We have mechanical disease or electrical disease... Explain to…
Fluid retained in response to... heart disease (typically mechan…
In a normal situation, capillaries are exuding a little bit o…
Dilutional hypoalbuminaemia:
Introduction... Types of primary heart d…
We have mechanical disease or electrical disease... Explain to…
What is congestive heart failure?
Fluid retained in response to... heart disease (typically mechan…
168 terms
Cardiology
Heart tube
Truncus arteriosus
Bulbus cordis
Primitive ventricle
elongates to form bulges... 1) Truncus arteriosis... 2) Bulbus cord…
aorta and pulmonary trunk
Smooth part of L and R ventricles
trabeculated R and L ventricles
Heart tube
elongates to form bulges... 1) Truncus arteriosis... 2) Bulbus cord…
Truncus arteriosus
aorta and pulmonary trunk
176 terms
Cardiology
MOA of Simvastatin
SE of Simvastatin
MOA of Amlodipine
When can you start to see heart beats?
Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase to inhibit cholesterol synthesis
URT infection, headache, abdominal pain, constipation and nau…
Inhibits calcium from entering slow-type L channels of vascul…
4 weeks, US at 6 weeks
MOA of Simvastatin
Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase to inhibit cholesterol synthesis
SE of Simvastatin
URT infection, headache, abdominal pain, constipation and nau…
39 terms
Cardiology
CO=
Fick Principle
MAP=
What factors affect stroke volume?
Stroke volume x heart rate
CO = Rate of O2 consumption / (arterial O2 content - venous O…
CO x TPR; = 2/3Pd + 1/3Ps
SV CAP - Contractility, afterload, preload ... Afterload decreas…
CO=
Stroke volume x heart rate
Fick Principle
CO = Rate of O2 consumption / (arterial O2 content - venous O…
Cardiology
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume
Preload
Afterload
Stroke volume x hour
End-diastolic volume (EDV) - End-systolic volume (ESV)
Ventricular end-diastolic volume... Depends on venous tone and b…
Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP)... Decreased by ACEi, ARB, and vaso…
Cardiac Output
Stroke volume x hour
Stroke Volume
End-diastolic volume (EDV) - End-systolic volume (ESV)
207 terms
Cardiology
BP in Shock
HR in Shock
Skin in Shock
Lungs in Shock
Low
High
Cool and Clammy in Cardiogenic, Hypovolemic, Obstructive... War…
Clear in Hypovolemic, Obstructive and Septic... Congested in Ca…
BP in Shock
Low
HR in Shock
High
106 terms
cardiology
what is the most common cause of SVT?
are P waves seen with AV node re-entra…
are P waves seen with paroxysmal atria…
what is the atrial rate of PAT?
AV node re-entrant tachycardia
no
yes
150-240 bpm
what is the most common cause of SVT?
AV node re-entrant tachycardia
are P waves seen with AV node re-entra…
no
Cardiology
Check potassium levels for possible hy…
Check potassium and creatinine for ele…
Angioedema more common
Used to manage overdose of BBs
Thiazide diuretics... (check within 2 weeks of increased dose or…
ACEI or ARB (check within 1-2 weeks of increasing dose or sta…
ACEI's (esp in AAs)
Glucagon
Check potassium levels for possible hy…
Thiazide diuretics... (check within 2 weeks of increased dose or…
Check potassium and creatinine for ele…
ACEI or ARB (check within 1-2 weeks of increasing dose or sta…
98 terms
Cardiology
What causes the opening snap? What cha…
Bounding femoral and carotid pulses ar…
Head bobbing with carotid pulsations a…
Culture negative causes of bacterial e…
Opening snap is caused by the abrupt tensing of the valvle le…
Aortic regurgitation - LV pumps (pulse increases), blood regu…
Aortic regurgitation - LV pumps (pulse increases), blood regu…
Coxiella burnetti... Bartonella spp... HACEK (Haemophilus, Actinoba…
What causes the opening snap? What cha…
Opening snap is caused by the abrupt tensing of the valvle le…
Bounding femoral and carotid pulses ar…
Aortic regurgitation - LV pumps (pulse increases), blood regu…
219 terms
Cardiology
What are 5 indications for monitoring…
Describe the SF syncope rule
Describe the TIMI Score.
Describe the Vancouver chest pain rule
1. > 45yo... 2. known CVD or congenital heart disease... 3. Fhx of…
1. history of CHF... 2. hematocrit < 30%... 3. abnormal EKG... 4. SOB…
1. EKG change of at least 0.5mm... 2. severe angina (> 2 episode…
What are 5 indications for monitoring…
1. > 45yo... 2. known CVD or congenital heart disease... 3. Fhx of…
Describe the SF syncope rule
1. history of CHF... 2. hematocrit < 30%... 3. abnormal EKG... 4. SOB…
21 terms
Cardiology
Cardiology
Functions of the heart
Pulmonary Blood
Systemic
medical specialty of diagnosing and treating heart disease.
It has 2 pumps. Right side (pulmonary circulation) and left (…
carries deoxygenated blood
has oxygen rich blood
Cardiology
medical specialty of diagnosing and treating heart disease.
Functions of the heart
It has 2 pumps. Right side (pulmonary circulation) and left (…
15 terms
Cardiology
What is the name of the heart disease…
What is evaluated in the Framingham to…
aleve generic?
can you mix clopidogrel and naproxen?
Framingham
estimation of risk of MI in 10 years. ... Sex... Age... smoker... Total c…
naproxen
no. both antiplatelets. increased risk of bleeding. GI or int…
What is the name of the heart disease…
Framingham
What is evaluated in the Framingham to…
estimation of risk of MI in 10 years. ... Sex... Age... smoker... Total c…
Cardiology ***
What do I need to ask to Identify the…
What do inverted T waves mean?
What do peaked T waves mean?
What do Flat T waves mean?
Regular Rhythm?... Heart Rate?... P waves?... PR Interval btwn 0.12-0.…
ischemia (lack of Oxygen)
hypERkalemia (too much potassium)
hyPOkalemia (too little potassium)
What do I need to ask to Identify the…
Regular Rhythm?... Heart Rate?... P waves?... PR Interval btwn 0.12-0.…
What do inverted T waves mean?
ischemia (lack of Oxygen)
44 terms
Cardiology
Right atrium
sinus venarum
interatrial septum
fossa ovalis
10
8
Right atrium
sinus venarum
10
46 terms
Cardiology
Myocardial Infarction
Acetylsalicylic Acid
Angina Pectoris
Sputum
Death of a portion of the heart muscle from prolonged depriva…
Fancy name for aspirin...
"pain in the chest"
A mixture of saliva and mucus coughed up from the respiratory…
Myocardial Infarction
Death of a portion of the heart muscle from prolonged depriva…
Acetylsalicylic Acid
Fancy name for aspirin...
92 terms
Cardiology
Pathway of blood in the heart
Stroke volume
Afterload
Preload
1. Vena cava... 2. Right atrium... 3. Tricuspid... 4. Right ventricle…
Def: The amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat
Def: The amount of pressure or force the ventricles exert to…
Def: The maximum stretch in the ventricle just before systole…
Pathway of blood in the heart
1. Vena cava... 2. Right atrium... 3. Tricuspid... 4. Right ventricle…
Stroke volume
Def: The amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat
305 terms
Cardiology
MCC death in US
RF For CAD coronary artery disease (8)
CAD ... 1. Presents with chest pain that…
1.Plerutic pain / changes with respira…
Coronary Artery disease CAD
DM ... HTN ... Tabacco use ... Hyperlipidemia ... Peripheral artery disea…
1. body position , respiration , or plapation
MCC death in US
Coronary Artery disease CAD
RF For CAD coronary artery disease (8)
DM ... HTN ... Tabacco use ... Hyperlipidemia ... Peripheral artery disea…
6 terms
Cardiology
Patient presents with fever, chronic s…
A 60yo female present to your office w…
A patient present with fever, fatigue,…
What is the most frequent primary tumo…
1. Wegeners (Granulomatosis with polyangiitis. ... Order CXR to…
1. Giant cell arteritis, Migraines, ICP, tumor. ... perform tem…
1. PAN: polyarteritis nodosa, crohn disease, h-pylori. ... Asso…
Child = Rhabdomyomas... Adult = myxoma
Patient presents with fever, chronic s…
1. Wegeners (Granulomatosis with polyangiitis. ... Order CXR to…
A 60yo female present to your office w…
1. Giant cell arteritis, Migraines, ICP, tumor. ... perform tem…
Cardiology
Electrophysiology of the Heart:
Blood Flow through the Heart:
Atrial depolarization occurs when...
Atrial depolarization is shown by the…
SA node fires -- AV node -- Bundle of His -- L and R bundle b…
Returning unoxygenated blood from cranial and caudal vena cav…
the SA node fires
P wave
Electrophysiology of the Heart:
SA node fires -- AV node -- Bundle of His -- L and R bundle b…
Blood Flow through the Heart:
Returning unoxygenated blood from cranial and caudal vena cav…
96 terms
Cardiology
which type of HF is associated with a…
which type of HF is associated with S3…
what are signs of right HF?
what are signs of left HF?
Diastolic HF has a normal or increased EF and S4 gallop ... sys…
Systolic = S3... Diastolic=s4
signs of systemic fluid retention: peripheral edema, JVD, GI/…
PUlmonary signs= dyspnea, pulmonary congestion,
which type of HF is associated with a…
Diastolic HF has a normal or increased EF and S4 gallop ... sys…
which type of HF is associated with S3…
Systolic = S3... Diastolic=s4
83 terms
Cardiology
Heart's Anatomy
Mediastinum
Heart's Location
Pericardium
-12 cm long, 9cm wide and 6cm thick
mass of tissue that extends from sternum to vertebral column…
-Rests of diaphragm near the midline of the thoracic cavity... -…
-Membrane that surrounds the heart... 1) Fibrous Pericardium... 2)…
Heart's Anatomy
-12 cm long, 9cm wide and 6cm thick
Mediastinum
mass of tissue that extends from sternum to vertebral column…
156 terms
CARDIOLOGY
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein... -u…
Biomarkers of Cardiac Injury ... -Troponi…
Troponin levels:... -when are they elevat…
Troponin... -disadvantages?
group:... -Intermediate risk*... -Framingham risk= 10-20%... procedur…
*No troponin in smooth muscle ... Troponin I/ Troponin T... - card…
1.) Elevated as soon as 1-3 hours ... 2.) Stay elevated as long…
1.) May be caused other than MI:... Myocarditis, CVD cocaine, se…
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein... -u…
group:... -Intermediate risk*... -Framingham risk= 10-20%... procedur…
Biomarkers of Cardiac Injury ... -Troponi…
*No troponin in smooth muscle ... Troponin I/ Troponin T... - card…
145 terms
Cardiology
Pt comes in w/ chest pain... - - best…
positive EKG findings for STEMI?... (name…
LBBB criteria?
Emergency reperfusion post-MI
1) EKG... 2) Cardiac enzymes... - NSTEMI if (+) w/ normal EKG... - Che…
1) 2mm ST elevation... - ST elevation immediately... - T wave inver…
1) QRS > 120ms... 2) notched R... 3) no Q wave in V5/6
1) Go to CATH LAB (w/in 90 min)... OR ... 2) Can give thrombolytics…
Pt comes in w/ chest pain... - - best…
1) EKG... 2) Cardiac enzymes... - NSTEMI if (+) w/ normal EKG... - Che…
positive EKG findings for STEMI?... (name…
1) 2mm ST elevation... - ST elevation immediately... - T wave inver…
18 terms
CARDIOLOGY
QT prolongation
LVH etiology
RVH
Atrial tachycardia with AV Block
Anti arrythmics: class 1a procainamide disopyramide cass 3 :…
HTN , AS/AI , HCMP , coactation of aorta
Cor pulmonsle, MS ,TR , congenital (TOF,TGA,PS,ASD VSD)
specific for digoxin toxicity
QT prolongation
Anti arrythmics: class 1a procainamide disopyramide cass 3 :…
LVH etiology
HTN , AS/AI , HCMP , coactation of aorta
10 terms
Cardiology
The tricuspid and mitral valves are al…
The pulmonic and aortic valves are als…
Injury/occlusion of the circumflex cor…
ST elevation in leads II, III, and aVF…
Since these valves lie between the atria and ventricles, they…
These valves can also be referred to as the "semilunar" valve…
Leads I, aVL, V5, and V6. ... The circumflex branch of the LCA…
The RCA supplies circulation to the inferior and posterior le…
The tricuspid and mitral valves are al…
Since these valves lie between the atria and ventricles, they…
The pulmonic and aortic valves are als…
These valves can also be referred to as the "semilunar" valve…
Cardiology
ASD has what kind of murmur
Most common ASD
What will you hear on ascultation of ASD
Most common acyanotic congential heart…
Diastolic rumble
Secundum ASD
Wide fixed split S2
VSD L-->R shunt
ASD has what kind of murmur
Diastolic rumble
Most common ASD
Secundum ASD
381 terms
LA Cardiology
What are characteristics about pericar…
What are characteristics of thoracic e…
What makes up lympocytic effusion?
What makes up chylous effusion?
1.color: brown/yellow with flecks... 2.transparency: cloudy... Prot…
1.color: light tan... 2.transparency: hazy ... Protein rich transud…
1.predominate cells are lymphocytes... 2.lymph origin other than…
1.lymphocytes and high triglyceride concentration... 2.lymph ori…
What are characteristics about pericar…
1.color: brown/yellow with flecks... 2.transparency: cloudy... Prot…
What are characteristics of thoracic e…
1.color: light tan... 2.transparency: hazy ... Protein rich transud…
10 terms
Cardiology
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Angina
Aortic Disssection
Cardiac Alert
When the large blood vessel (aorta) that supplies blood to th…
Pain, discomfort or pressure localized in the chest that is c…
A serious condition in which there is a separation of the aor…
A process which allows patients experiencing a heart attack t…
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
When the large blood vessel (aorta) that supplies blood to th…
Angina
Pain, discomfort or pressure localized in the chest that is c…
22 terms
Cardiology
Inferior Leads
Lateral Leads
Limb Leads
Chest Leads
II, III, AVF
I, AVF
I, II, III, AVR, AVL, AVF
V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6
Inferior Leads
II, III, AVF
Lateral Leads
I, AVF
Cardiology
Describe EKG changes seen for ventricu…
What is 1st finding on EKG in ischemia?
After reperfusion of a STEMI, what doe…
Describe significant Q waves
ST elev (tombstone shape-convex, or concave) *without recipro…
hyperacute T waves... (Tall and BROAD-BASED)... vs hyperK+ where…
Good prognostic sign
1 box wide... 1/3 of height of R wave
Describe EKG changes seen for ventricu…
ST elev (tombstone shape-convex, or concave) *without recipro…
What is 1st finding on EKG in ischemia?
hyperacute T waves... (Tall and BROAD-BASED)... vs hyperK+ where…
Cardiology
Normal sinus rythm
Premature atrial complex
Atrial flutter
Sinus arrest or SA block
Heart rate: 60-100... Rythm: Regular ... P wave: before each QRS in…
Heart rate: N/A... Rhythm: irregular ... P Wave: Premature and abno…
Heart rate: A:240-350, V: Varies ... Rhythm: A: Regular, V: Regu…
Heart rate: 40-100 ... Rhythm: irregular ... P wave: identical befo…
Normal sinus rythm
Heart rate: 60-100... Rythm: Regular ... P wave: before each QRS in…
Premature atrial complex
Heart rate: N/A... Rhythm: irregular ... P Wave: Premature and abno…
Cardiology
Truncus arteriosus
Left horn of sinus venosus
Right common Cardinal vein... Right anter…
Patent Forman ovale
Acending aorta and pulmonary trunk
Coronary sinus
Superior vena cava (SVC)
Caused by failure of septum primum and septum secundum to fus…
Truncus arteriosus
Acending aorta and pulmonary trunk
Left horn of sinus venosus
Coronary sinus
31 terms
Cardiology
Aneurysm/o
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Aneurysm
Blood vessel; lymphatic vessel
Aorta
Artery
Aneurysm/o
Aneurysm
Angi/o
Blood vessel; lymphatic vessel
222 terms
Cardiology
Cardiac muscle tissue uses three prima…
Describe absolute refractory period
Describe relative refractoriness period
Describe threshold potential
Potassium... Sodium... Calcium
Cell cannot deplorise under any circumstances
Below threshold but not yet at resting membrane potential the…
The membrane potential at which cells are stimulated to fire
Cardiac muscle tissue uses three prima…
Potassium... Sodium... Calcium
Describe absolute refractory period
Cell cannot deplorise under any circumstances
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