Study sets matching "cardiovascular drugs"

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Study sets matching "cardiovascular drugs"

14 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
P=QR analogous to...?
Lipoproteins
How do statins help our cholesterol le…
How do diuretics work?
V= iR
Cholesterol and fatty acids
decrease liver cholesterol biosynthesis, upregulating liver L…
Work on kidney to increase urine output and reduce cardiac ou…
P=QR analogous to...?
V= iR
Lipoproteins
Cholesterol and fatty acids
104 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Inotrope
Chronotrope
Dromotrope
Digoxin (lanoxin)
improves contraction strength
affects the total heart rate
affecting the electrical conductivity across the heart (speed…
Cardiac Glycosides
Inotrope
improves contraction strength
Chronotrope
affects the total heart rate
32 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Hydro-Diuril
Lasix
Bumex
Aldactone
HCTZ
furosemide
bumetanide
spironolactone
Hydro-Diuril
HCTZ
Lasix
furosemide
104 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Inotrope
Chronotrope
Dromotrope
Digoxin (lanoxin)
improves contraction strength
affects the total heart rate
affecting the electrical conductivity across the heart (speed…
Cardiac Glycosides
Inotrope
improves contraction strength
Chronotrope
affects the total heart rate
Cardiovascular drugs
Lisinopril
Simvastatin
Hydrochlorothiazide
Atenolol
Zestril, provil
Zocar
Hydrodiuril
Tenormin
Lisinopril
Zestril, provil
Simvastatin
Zocar
Cardiovascular drugs
Norpace
Cordarone
Betapace, Betapace AF
Inderal
disopryamide
amiodarone
sotalol
propranolol
Norpace
disopryamide
Cordarone
amiodarone
16 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Positive Inotropic Agents indicated fo…
Positive Inotropic Agents
Anti-arrhythmic Agents indicated for...
Anti-arrhythmic Agents
CHF, Atrial tachycardia & fibrillation. (increase strength of…
Digitalis & Digoxin
Ventricular Arrhythmias
Amiodarone, Procainamide, Verapamil, Lidocaine
Positive Inotropic Agents indicated fo…
CHF, Atrial tachycardia & fibrillation. (increase strength of…
Positive Inotropic Agents
Digitalis & Digoxin
Cardiovascular Drugs
Dopamine MOA?... Benefits... Negatives?
Dobutamine MOA?... Benefits? ... Negatives?
Norepinephrine MOA?... Benefits?... Negati…
Phenylephrine MOA?... Benefits?... Negati…
A1, B1 and Dopaminergic. ... 2nd line to Norepi... Hypertension a…
B1 primarily. Some B2 but transient. No dopaminergic activity…
Alpha1 and Beta 1 Activity... 1st line of cardiogenic and septi…
Alpha 1... Vasoconstriction! Can be used if patient develops ta…
Dopamine MOA?... Benefits... Negatives?
A1, B1 and Dopaminergic. ... 2nd line to Norepi... Hypertension a…
Dobutamine MOA?... Benefits? ... Negatives?
B1 primarily. Some B2 but transient. No dopaminergic activity…
99 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Digoxin - indications
Digoxin - MOA
Digoxin - side effects
Digoxin - nursing concerns
heart failure... dysrhythmia
increases contractility - increases effectiveness of each pum…
CV - AV block, dysrhythmias... GI - anorexia, n/v... vision - yel…
has very narrow therapeutic window... precaution with older pat…
Digoxin - indications
heart failure... dysrhythmia
Digoxin - MOA
increases contractility - increases effectiveness of each pum…
60 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Hydralazine Mechanism
Hydralazine Clinical Use
Hydralazine Toxicity
Calcium channel blocker Examples
increased cGMP --> smooth muscle relaxation. Vasodilates arte…
Severe hypertension, HF. Safe to use during pregnancy.... Freque…
Compensatory tachycardia (contraindicated in angina/CAD), flu…
Amlodipine... clevidipine... nicardipine... nifedipine... nimodipine (dih…
Hydralazine Mechanism
increased cGMP --> smooth muscle relaxation. Vasodilates arte…
Hydralazine Clinical Use
Severe hypertension, HF. Safe to use during pregnancy.... Freque…
28 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Angiotensin 2 receptor blockers ARBs A…
Angiotensin 2 receptor blockers ARBs C…
Angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE Altace
Angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE Accu…
irbesartan
losartan
ramipril
quinapril
Angiotensin 2 receptor blockers ARBs A…
irbesartan
Angiotensin 2 receptor blockers ARBs C…
losartan
26 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Amiodarone
Amlodopine
Amlodipine and Benazerpril
Atenolol
Cordarone... antiarrhythmias for cardiac arrhythmias
norvasc... calcium channel blocker for hypertension and angina
Lotrel... Ca channel blocker/ACE inhibitor combined for hyperte…
Tenormin... B-blocker used for hypertension, angina, post myoca…
Amiodarone
Cordarone... antiarrhythmias for cardiac arrhythmias
Amlodopine
norvasc... calcium channel blocker for hypertension and angina
48 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Gemfibrozil
Ezetimibe
Fenofibrate (nanocrystallized)
Lovastatin
Antihyperlipidemic... - Lopid
Antihyperlipidemic... - Zetia
Antihyperlipidemic... - Tricor
Antihyperlipidemic... - Mevacor
Gemfibrozil
Antihyperlipidemic... - Lopid
Ezetimibe
Antihyperlipidemic... - Zetia
28 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Beta-Adrenergic Blocker
metoprolol / Lopressor. (selective) ... a…
ACE inhibitors
enalapril / Vasotec.... captopril/ Caoten…
metoprolol / Lopressor.... atenolol / Tenormin.
--Anti-anginals, antihypertensives, anti-arrhythmic. ... --For:…
enalapril / Vasotec.... Captopril/ Caoten.
--Antihypertensive. ... --reduction of death or development of C…
Beta-Adrenergic Blocker
metoprolol / Lopressor.... atenolol / Tenormin.
metoprolol / Lopressor. (selective) ... a…
--Anti-anginals, antihypertensives, anti-arrhythmic. ... --For:…
cardiovascular drugs
antihypertensive
Beta blockers olol
ace inhibitors -pril side effect annoy…
calcium channel blocker-dipine do not…
teach rise slowly with all never quit abruptly, other wise hy…
contraindicated in asthma/COPD and Dm pts... bronco-spasm, SOB,…
potassium retention, angioedema swelling of lips/ eyes rx wit…
bradycardia and raise BS, peripheral edema , dilates arteries…
antihypertensive
teach rise slowly with all never quit abruptly, other wise hy…
Beta blockers olol
contraindicated in asthma/COPD and Dm pts... bronco-spasm, SOB,…
21 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Isordil
Nitrostat
Imdur
Tenormin
Isosorbide Dinitrate
Nitroglycerin
Isosorbide Mononitrate
Atenolol
Isordil
Isosorbide Dinitrate
Nitrostat
Nitroglycerin
Cardiovascular Drugs
Amlodipine
Amlodipine/Atorvastatin
Amlodipine/Benazepril
Antenolol
Brand: Norvasc... Route: Oral... Class: Antihypertensive
Brand: Caduet... Route: Oral... Class: Antihypertensive/Hypolipemic
Brand: Lotrel... Route: Oral... Class: Antihypertensive
Brand: Tenormin... Route: Oral... Class: Antihypertensive
Amlodipine
Brand: Norvasc... Route: Oral... Class: Antihypertensive
Amlodipine/Atorvastatin
Brand: Caduet... Route: Oral... Class: Antihypertensive/Hypolipemic
118 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
What do myocardial cells require?
Ions involved w/ cardiac contractility
Preload
Afterload
oxygen
Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Chloride
volume of blood returned to HT through vena cava before it be…
resistance to blood flow including opening of the aortic valv…
What do myocardial cells require?
oxygen
Ions involved w/ cardiac contractility
Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Chloride
Cardiovascular Drugs
isordil (nitrates)
nitrostat (nitrates)
imdur (nitrates)
tenormin (beta-blocker)
isosorbide dinitrate
Nitroglycerin - acute angina sl
isosorbide mononitrate
atenolol
isordil (nitrates)
isosorbide dinitrate
nitrostat (nitrates)
Nitroglycerin - acute angina sl
10 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Captopril (CAPOTEN)
Losartan (COZAAR)
Aliskiren (TEKTURNA)
Nifedipine
- "prils"... - ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors... -…
- AT1 receptor blocker (ARBs)... - "sartans"... - Blocks AT1 recept…
- Direct renin inhibitors "kirens"... - Inhibits renin which cat…
- Dihydropyridines (DHPs) "dipines"... - Block L-type Ca channel…
Captopril (CAPOTEN)
- "prils"... - ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors... -…
Losartan (COZAAR)
- AT1 receptor blocker (ARBs)... - "sartans"... - Blocks AT1 recept…
Cardiovascular Drugs
Amlodipine Besylate
Amlodipine Besylate & Benazepril HCl
Atenolol
Benazepril HCl
Norvasc
Lotrel
Tenormin
Lotensin
Amlodipine Besylate
Norvasc
Amlodipine Besylate & Benazepril HCl
Lotrel
14 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Captopril (Capoten)
Clonidine (Captapres)
Amiodarone (Cardarone)
Furosemide (Lasix)
Use: • Treatment of ◦Hypertension ◦Heart failure (HF) ◦Diabet…
Use: • Treats hypertension • Severe pain relief (administered…
Use: Manages life-threatening ventricular tachycardia or fibr…
Use: • Treats pulmonary edema in heart failure • Treats edema…
Captopril (Capoten)
Use: • Treatment of ◦Hypertension ◦Heart failure (HF) ◦Diabet…
Clonidine (Captapres)
Use: • Treats hypertension • Severe pain relief (administered…
48 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Angina pectoris
Antianginal drugs
Nitrate
Types of nitrates
Chest pain, occurs because of a mismatch between oxygen suppl…
Nitrates, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, relieve an…
Produced a general vasodilation of systemic veins and arterie…
Nitroglycerin (available in ointment, sublingual and transder…
Angina pectoris
Chest pain, occurs because of a mismatch between oxygen suppl…
Antianginal drugs
Nitrates, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, relieve an…
Cardiovascular Drugs
Amiodarone
Amlodipine Besylate
Amlodipine Besylate with Benazepril Hy…
Atenolol
Pacerone, Cordarone, Nexterone ... Antiarrythmic
Norvasc ... Anti hypertensive
Lotrel ... Anti hypertensive
Tenormin ... Anti hypertensive
Amiodarone
Pacerone, Cordarone, Nexterone ... Antiarrythmic
Amlodipine Besylate
Norvasc ... Anti hypertensive
26 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
albumin
dopamine
epinephrine
atorvastatin
blood replacement for shock... causes pulmonary edema, allergic…
inotropic/vasopressor for shock... causes arrhythmias, hypotensi…
vasopressor for shock... causes HTN, reflex bradycardia, dysrhyt…
lipid lowering agent... causes headache, cramping, diarrhea, con…
albumin
blood replacement for shock... causes pulmonary edema, allergic…
dopamine
inotropic/vasopressor for shock... causes arrhythmias, hypotensi…
60 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Alpha1 adrenergic blockers
Doxazosin
Prazosin
Terazosin
Doxazosin(Cardura)... Prazosin(Minipress)... Terazosin(Hytrin)... MOA:…
T:Cardura... Class:Alpha 1 adrenergic Blocker... PI:hypertension
T:Minipress... Class:Alpha1 Beta Blockers... PI:hypertension
T:Hytrin... Class:Alpha 1 Beta Blockers... Treats:Hypertension
Alpha1 adrenergic blockers
Doxazosin(Cardura)... Prazosin(Minipress)... Terazosin(Hytrin)... MOA:…
Doxazosin
T:Cardura... Class:Alpha 1 adrenergic Blocker... PI:hypertension
62 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Autonomic Nervous System:
Cardiac Performance
Cardiac performance:
Myocardial O^2 consumption:
-BP, HR ... Sympathetic ... -increase contractility ... -increase HR…
-resting muscle fiber length (relating to frank starling law)…
-conduction system abnormalities ... -anatomical abnormalities o…
-heart rate ... -BP... -stroke volume ... -inotropic state (increased…
Autonomic Nervous System:
-BP, HR ... Sympathetic ... -increase contractility ... -increase HR…
Cardiac Performance
-resting muscle fiber length (relating to frank starling law)…
16 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Heart
Pacemaker cells
Conduction pathway
Blood
Cardiac Output = Heart Rate x Strove Volume... vagus nerve- para…
Sinoatrial (SA) node primary pacemaker... AV node- pause point f…
SA node -> Atria -> AV node -> Purkinje fibres -> Ventricular…
Approximately 45% cells, 55% plasma, Blood volume is major co…
Heart
Cardiac Output = Heart Rate x Strove Volume... vagus nerve- para…
Pacemaker cells
Sinoatrial (SA) node primary pacemaker... AV node- pause point f…
300 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Brand: Pacerone
Brand: Cordarone
Brand: Norvasc
Brand: Lotrel
Generic: amiodarone
Generic: amiodarone
Generic: amlodipine besylate
Generic: amlodipine besylate with benazepril hydrochloride
Brand: Pacerone
Generic: amiodarone
Brand: Cordarone
Generic: amiodarone
31 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
vasotec
altrace
lotensin
zestril or prinivil
enalapril... ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive
ramipril... ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive
benazepril... ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive
lisinopril, ... ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive
vasotec
enalapril... ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive
altrace
ramipril... ACE inhibitor, antihypertensive
Cardiovascular Drugs
Calcium Channel Blockers
ACE Inhibitors
ARBs
Direct Vasodilators
amlodipine (Norvasc) ... verapamil ... diltiazem (Cardizem)
lisinopril ... enalapril (Vasotec)
losartan (Cozaar)
nitroprusside... hydralazine
Calcium Channel Blockers
amlodipine (Norvasc) ... verapamil ... diltiazem (Cardizem)
ACE Inhibitors
lisinopril ... enalapril (Vasotec)
58 terms
cardiovascular drugs
what kind of drugs decrease the heart…
what kind of drugs increase the heart…
Compensatory mechanisms that increase…
Blood pressure regulation:... 1. Sympathe…
colinergic drugs
anticolinergic drugs
1. increasing heart rate... 2. increasing stroke volume - by inc…
Stimulus constricts arterioles, increases blood pressure
what kind of drugs decrease the heart…
colinergic drugs
what kind of drugs increase the heart…
anticolinergic drugs
30 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Drug
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Milrinone (Primacor)
Inamrinone (Inocor)
Class:... Dose:... MOA:... Desired Effect:... Side Effects:... Nursing Impli…
Class: Inotrope... Dose: IV loading 400-600 mcg to 100-300 mcg…
Class: Inotrope... Dose: 50 mcg/kg bolus, 0.375-0.75 mcg/kg/min…
Class: Inotrope... Dose: IV loading 0.5 mg/kg over 2-3 minutes,…
Drug
Class:... Dose:... MOA:... Desired Effect:... Side Effects:... Nursing Impli…
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Class: Inotrope... Dose: IV loading 400-600 mcg to 100-300 mcg…
51 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Doxasin
Prazosin
Terazosin
Benazepril
Cardura
Minipress
Hytrin
Lotensin
Doxasin
Cardura
Prazosin
Minipress
Cardiovascular Drugs
Inotropic drugs
Inotropic drugs are used for? Mechanism?
Digitalis (digoxin)... Mechanism of actio…
Digoxin:... Pharmacokinetics:
cardiac glycoside (digoxin)... sympathomimetic amines (Dopamine…
Increase the force of ventricular contraction by increasing t…
Ionotropic drug... Mechanical: Improve contractility of a failin…
Loading doses necessary to raise drug concentration into ther…
Inotropic drugs
cardiac glycoside (digoxin)... sympathomimetic amines (Dopamine…
Inotropic drugs are used for? Mechanism?
Increase the force of ventricular contraction by increasing t…
18 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
aspirin
alirocumab
atorvastatin
Cholestyramine
Bayer, bufferin, St. Joesphs, ecotrin
praluent
lipitor (
Questran
aspirin
Bayer, bufferin, St. Joesphs, ecotrin
alirocumab
praluent
132 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
furosemide
torsemide
furosemide, torsemide, bumetanide
hydrochlorothiazide
Lasix
Demadex
Loop Diuretics
Hctz
furosemide
Lasix
torsemide
Demadex
57 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Lasix
Hydrodiuril
Dyazide
Novo-triamzide
furosemide... loop diuretic
hydrochlorothiazide... thiazide diuretic
hydrochlorothiazide + triamterene... thiazide diuretic
hydrochlorothiazide + triamterene... thiazide diuretic
Lasix
furosemide... loop diuretic
Hydrodiuril
hydrochlorothiazide... thiazide diuretic
17 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Adenosine (Adenocard)
Amiodarone (Cordarone)
Aspirin
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Indication/Tx - Antiarrhythmetic, supraventricular tachycardi…
Indication/Tx - Antiarrhythmic, Tx life-threatening ventricul…
Indication/Tx - Antiplatelet, Antipyretic, nonopioid analgesi…
Indication/Tx - Antiarrhythmic, inotropic. HF, AFib, Atrial f…
Adenosine (Adenocard)
Indication/Tx - Antiarrhythmetic, supraventricular tachycardi…
Amiodarone (Cordarone)
Indication/Tx - Antiarrhythmic, Tx life-threatening ventricul…
35 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Vasotec
Altace
Accupril
Accuretic
enalapril, ACE inhibitor
ramipril, ACE inhibitor
quinapril, ACE inhibitor
quinapril HCTZ, ACE inhibitor
Vasotec
enalapril, ACE inhibitor
Altace
ramipril, ACE inhibitor
13 terms
Cardiovascular drugs
Cardiotonics
Digitalis
Antiarrhythmics
Vasoconstrictors
Heart stimulants
Makes the heart beat slower and stronger; take heart rate pri…
Treat irregularities and the heart
Control superficial hemorrhage; raise b/p and relieve nasal c…
Cardiotonics
Heart stimulants
Digitalis
Makes the heart beat slower and stronger; take heart rate pri…
40 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Atorvastatin
Simvastatin
Rosuvastatin
Lovastatin
Lipid-lowering agent
Lipid-lowering agent
Lipid-lowering agent
Lipid-lowering agent
Atorvastatin
Lipid-lowering agent
Simvastatin
Lipid-lowering agent
47 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Imdur
Nitrostat, Nitroquick
Pacerone, Cordarone
Betapace
Isosorbide Mononitrate... [Antianginal]
Nitroglycerin (sublingual & injectable)... [Antianginal]
Amiodarone... [Antiarrhythmic]
Sotalol hydrochloride... [Antiarrhythmic - Class II and III]
Imdur
Isosorbide Mononitrate... [Antianginal]
Nitrostat, Nitroquick
Nitroglycerin (sublingual & injectable)... [Antianginal]
Cardiovascular drugs
Antiarrhythmics
Anticholinergics
ACE inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting…
Vasodialiting agents
procainamide
Atropine, glycopyrrolate
Enalapril
Nitroglycerine
Antiarrhythmics
procainamide
Anticholinergics
Atropine, glycopyrrolate
Cardiovascular Drugs
Lotensin
Capoten
Vasotec
Monopril
Benazepril
Captopril
Enalapril
Fosinopril
Lotensin
Benazepril
Capoten
Captopril
Cardiovascular Drugs
Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretics
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
Loop Diuretics
- act on kidneys: increase Na and H20 excretion in tubules... -…
- early portion of distal tubule of nephron... - inhibits Na rea…
- Thiazide Diuretic... - increases excretion of sodium and water…
- ascending limb of loop of Henle... - inhibits reabsorption of…
Diuretics
- act on kidneys: increase Na and H20 excretion in tubules... -…
Thiazide Diuretics
- early portion of distal tubule of nephron... - inhibits Na rea…
94 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
furosemide
torsemide
bumetanide
hydrochlorothiazide
Lasix... loop diuretic... potassium depleting
Demadex... loop diuretic... potassium depleting
no trade... loop diuretic... potassium depleting
no trade... thiazide diuretic... potassium depleting
furosemide
Lasix... loop diuretic... potassium depleting
torsemide
Demadex... loop diuretic... potassium depleting
37 terms
cardiovascular drugs
atenolol
metoprolol
nadolol
propranolol
beta blocker
beta blocker
beta blocker
beta blocker
atenolol
beta blocker
metoprolol
beta blocker
17 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Lasix
Hydrodiuril
Dyazide
Novo-Triamzide
furosemide
hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
hydrochlorothiazide & triamterene
hydrochlorothiazide & triamterene
Lasix
furosemide
Hydrodiuril
hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
43 terms
Cardiovascular Drugs
Vasotec
Altace
Accupril, Accuretic
Lotensin, Lotensin HCT
Enalapril
Ramipril
Quinapril, Quinapril/HCTZ
Benazepril, Ben/HCTZ
Vasotec
Enalapril
Altace
Ramipril
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