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Study sets matching "cards chapter 7 earth science"

12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
weak spot in the crust where magma (molten materials) has com…
molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water fr…
molten (liquid) from deep within the mantle melts through the…
area of volcanoes forming around the Pacific Ocean
volcano
weak spot in the crust where magma (molten materials) has com…
magma
molten mixture of rock forming substances, gases and water fr…
46 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 7
Viscosity
Lava tubes
Vent
Parasitic cone
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. The greater the vi…
Pahoehoe flows often develop cave-like tunnels called ____ __…
A conduit that connects a magma chamber to a volcanic crater.
A volcanic cone that forms on the flank of a larger volcano.
Viscosity
A measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. The greater the vi…
Lava tubes
Pahoehoe flows often develop cave-like tunnels called ____ __…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Glaciers, Deserts, and Wind
Ice age
Glacier
Snowline
Valley glacier
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covered in…
a glacier confined to a mountain valley, which in most instan…
Ice age
a period of time when much of Earth's land is covered by glac…
Glacier
a thick mass of ice originating on land from the compaction a…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocab
Weathering
Erosion
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
The Process by which rocks on or near Earth's surface break d…
The removal and transport of weathered material from one loca…
The process by which rocks and minerals break down into small…
The repeated thawing and freezing of water ib the cracks of r…
Weathering
The Process by which rocks on or near Earth's surface break d…
Erosion
The removal and transport of weathered material from one loca…
37 terms
Earth Science - chapter 7
topography
isostasy
landforms
orogeny
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
the balance of the weights of rock, water and ice and the upw…
the shapes of the structures on the earth's surface
having to do with the making of mountains through tectonic pr…
topography
the variation of land surface elevations caused by different…
isostasy
the balance of the weights of rock, water and ice and the upw…
15 terms
EARTH SCIENCE Chapter 7: Weathering, Erosion, and Soil
chemical weathering
exfoliation
frost wedging
mechanical weathering
process by which rocks and minerals undergo changes in their…
mechanical weathering process in which outer rock layers are…
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water repeated…
process that breaks down rocks and minerals into smaller piec…
chemical weathering
process by which rocks and minerals undergo changes in their…
exfoliation
mechanical weathering process in which outer rock layers are…
15 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Ore
lode
placer deposit
gemstone
a natural material whose concentration of economically valuab…
a mineral deposit within a rock formation
a deposit that contains a valuable mineral that has been conc…
a mineral, rock, or organic material that can be used as jewe…
Ore
a natural material whose concentration of economically valuab…
lode
a mineral deposit within a rock formation
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
glacier
snowline
Valley Glaciers
Ice sheets
a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds…
The lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covere…
Ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
enormous ice masses that flow in all directions from one or m…
glacier
a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds…
snowline
The lowest elevation in a particular area that remains covere…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Chemical Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then f…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
24 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
a nonrenewable resource that formed from the remains of organ…
the division of one atom into two... **When the energy is releas…
the combination of two lighter atoms into a larger one.... **Sci…
nonrenewable resource
a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
fossil fuel
a nonrenewable resource that formed from the remains of organ…
33 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Anticline
basin
compression
confining stress
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
Stressed applied to a rock from the weight of the material ab…
Anticline
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
basin
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a…
41 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 7
Subduction
Convergent
Divergent
Transform
Seafloor Subduction. One plate going under another plate.
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
A boundary where the plates are moving AWAY from each other.
Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other.
Subduction
Seafloor Subduction. One plate going under another plate.
Convergent
A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come toge…
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
55 terms
BJU Space & Earth Science, Chapter 7
The moon shines by _____ the light of…
The moon's diameter
The moon's shape is _____ because....
The moon's gravity
reflecting
a little less than the width of the U.S.
almost a perfect sphere (more spherical than Earth) ... because…
about 1/6 of Earth's gravity
The moon shines by _____ the light of…
reflecting
The moon's diameter
a little less than the width of the U.S.
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science chapter 7- Vocanoes
volcanoes
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the pacific ocean.
volcanoes
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
magma
a molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
weathering
mechanical weathering
ice wedging
chemical weathering
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into…
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its…
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes…
occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks…
weathering
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into…
mechanical weathering
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its…
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
24 terms
Earth Science chapter 7
Clastic
biochemical
organic
chemical
solid fragments and grains of pre-existign rocks or shells ce…
consists of shells of organisms (clams, coral reefs) cemented…
consist of carbon-rich relicts of plants (coal)
made from minerals precipitated directly from water
Clastic
solid fragments and grains of pre-existign rocks or shells ce…
biochemical
consists of shells of organisms (clams, coral reefs) cemented…
30 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 7
Topography
Isostasy
Orogeny
Mountain
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
tectonic processes believed to have formed mountains
a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising to a summit
Topography
a variety of elevations arranged in different ways on the con…
Isostasy
term used to describe the balance of the weights of rock, wat…
18 terms
Earth Science; Chapter 7
Solar Energy
Biomass
Hydroelectric Energy
Geothermal Energy
Energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of radiation
Plant material and other organic matter used as an energy sou…
Electrical energy produced by the flow of water
Energy produced by heat within Earth
Solar Energy
Energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of radiation
Biomass
Plant material and other organic matter used as an energy sou…
24 terms
chapter 7 earth science
Valley Glaciers
Plastic flow
Basal slip
budget
ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
involves movement within the ice
slipping an sliding downward due to gravity
is the balance or lack of balance, between accumulation at th…
Valley Glaciers
ice masses that slowly advance down mountain valleys original…
Plastic flow
involves movement within the ice
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 - Vocabulary
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice Wedging
Chemical Weathering
Surface processes that work to break down rock.
Rocks are broken apart by physical processes.
water enters cracks and freezes
chemical reactions dissolve or alter minerals in rock to chan…
Weathering
Surface processes that work to break down rock.
Mechanical Weathering
Rocks are broken apart by physical processes.
29 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Continental drift
Supercontinent
Animal and plant fossils, mountains, a…
Oceanic ridge system
A theory that originally proposed that the continents are raf…
A large landmass that contains all, or nearly all, of the exi…
The evidence of plate tectonics and the supercontinent theory
Winds through all the major oceans in a manner similar to the…
Continental drift
A theory that originally proposed that the continents are raf…
Supercontinent
A large landmass that contains all, or nearly all, of the exi…
49 terms
BJU Earth Science Chapter 7
topography
isostasy
landforms
orogeny
variation of land surface elevations caused by different land…
geologists use the term _________ to describe the balance of…
the shapes or structures on the earth's surface
tectonic forces that geologists believe resulted in the makin…
topography
variation of land surface elevations caused by different land…
isostasy
geologists use the term _________ to describe the balance of…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Earthquake
Seismic Wave
Elastic Rebound
P-waves
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudde…
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The sudden release of stored strain in rocks that results in…
Primary waves of an earthquake that pushes and pulls rocks in…
Earthquake
A shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudde…
Seismic Wave
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
94 terms
NMBCS Earth Science Chapter 7
atmosphere
homosphere
nitrogen
oxygen
the blanket of gases that surrounds our planet to protect and…
the lower atmosphere (homo- means same or uniform)
makes up 78% of the gas that we breath also the most abundant.
makes up 21% of the earths gases.
atmosphere
the blanket of gases that surrounds our planet to protect and…
homosphere
the lower atmosphere (homo- means same or uniform)
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Heat Inside Earth
seismic waves
seismologist
P-waves
S-waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth
A scientist who studies earthquakes
Seismic waves that move with a forward and backward motion an…
Seismic waves that move with a side to side motion and are sl…
seismic waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth
seismologist
A scientist who studies earthquakes
15 terms
earth science chapter 7
Weathering
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Exfoliation
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
A mechanical weathering process which removes protuding overl…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
74 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Ice wedging
Pressure (From roots)
the process in which materials on earth's surface break down…
rocks break down into smaller pieces but don't change chemica…
water entering into cracks, freezing and therefore expanding
(Cause of weathering) roots of trees exert pressure on the ro…
Weathering
the process in which materials on earth's surface break down…
Mechanical Weathering
rocks break down into smaller pieces but don't change chemica…
18 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Figure 7.6 on page 173 depicts the "Pr…
What is the major difference between t…
According to the article (Berner, 1999…
The author of (Berner, 1999) provides…
natural wetlands.
Unlike the other elements mentioned in the question, Phosphor…
The percentage of atmospheric oxygen has varied over Phaneroz…
carbon and sulfur... Carbon cycling through photosynthesis and…
Figure 7.6 on page 173 depicts the "Pr…
natural wetlands.
What is the major difference between t…
Unlike the other elements mentioned in the question, Phosphor…
77 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Volcanoes
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
Eruptions of fluid basaltic lavas, suc…
In 1980, one of the most violent erupt…
silica content
False.... Silica within magma can begin to link and clump as it…
relatively quiet
Mount St. Helens
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
silica content
A magma's viscosity is directly relate…
False.... Silica within magma can begin to link and clump as it…
Earth Science Chapter 7
Ice Age
Glacier
Ice Sheets
Glacial Flow
A period of time when much of Earth's land was covered in gla…
Thick ice mass that forms over hundreds or thousands of years.
Enormous ice masses that flow in all directions from one or m…
The movement of glaciers. Glaciers can move several meters pe…
Ice Age
A period of time when much of Earth's land was covered in gla…
Glacier
Thick ice mass that forms over hundreds or thousands of years.
38 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Review
Define weathering
Define erosion
Define mechanical weathering
Whenever water enters into small crack…
The chemical or physical breakdown of rocks, soils, or minera…
The process of moving rocks, soils, or minerals from one loca…
Breaks rocks down into smaller pieces without altering its ch…
Ice wedging.
Define weathering
The chemical or physical breakdown of rocks, soils, or minera…
Define erosion
The process of moving rocks, soils, or minerals from one loca…
40 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Plate Tectonics
crust
mantle
core
lithosphere
outermost layer of earth
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
central part of earth, made of iron & nickel
solid, outer layer of earth that consists of rigid crust and…
crust
outermost layer of earth
mantle
middle layer of earth; contains most of earth's mass
9 terms
Science Chapter 7 Water on Earth
salinity
aquifer
water table
reservoir
a measure of how salty water is
layer of rock and soil that hold the groundwater
top level of groundwater in an aquifer
artificial lake that forms behind a dam
salinity
a measure of how salty water is
aquifer
layer of rock and soil that hold the groundwater
12 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 7 Earthquakes
earthquake
elastic rebound
seismic wave
fault
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth and away from…
a break in a body of rock along which one block slides relati…
earthquake
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
elastic rebound
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
9 terms
Science Chapter 7 Water on Earth
salinity
aquifer
water table
reservoir
a measure of how salty water is
layer of rock and soil that hold the groundwater
top level of groundwater in an aquifer
artificial lake that forms behind a dam
salinity
a measure of how salty water is
aquifer
layer of rock and soil that hold the groundwater
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
residual soil
weathering
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
a soil whose parent material is the local bedrock
process by which materials on or near the Earth's surface bre…
where rocks and minerals break down into smaller pieces; no c…
the freeze-thaw cycle in the cracks of rocks; type of mechani…
residual soil
a soil whose parent material is the local bedrock
weathering
process by which materials on or near the Earth's surface bre…
19 terms
Earth science chapter 7 note cards
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
The thin and solid outermost layer of the earth above the man…
The layer of rock between the earth's crust and core
The central part of the earth below the mantle
The solid, outer layer of the earth that consists of the crus…
Crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the earth above the man…
Mantle
The layer of rock between the earth's crust and core
35 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7: Mountains and Hills
Mt. Everest
isostasy
elevation
Mt. McKinley
The highest Mountain in the world; grows taller year by year
The balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and…
Height of a land form, such as a mountain, above sea level.
Highest elevation in North America
Mt. Everest
The highest Mountain in the world; grows taller year by year
isostasy
The balance of the weights of the rocky materials, water, and…
92 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 The Moon
Less Dense
accretion theory
Full Moon
waxing
Compared to the earth's average density, the average density…
What theory states that the earth and the moon both originall…
In what phase of its cycle must the moon be for a total lunar…
During the first half of the lunar month, the moon is said to…
Less Dense
Compared to the earth's average density, the average density…
accretion theory
What theory states that the earth and the moon both originall…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
weathering
erosion
deposition
soil
chemical or mechanical process that breaks down and changes r…
removal and transport of weathered materials from one locatio…
occurs when eroded materials are dropped in another location
loose covering of weathered rock and decayed organic matter o…
weathering
chemical or mechanical process that breaks down and changes r…
erosion
removal and transport of weathered materials from one locatio…
18 terms
Chapter 7 Earth Science
atmosphere
air pressure
troposphere
stratosphere
This is a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth. In addition…
This is the measure of the force with which air molecules pus…
This is the atmospheric layer that is closest to the Earth's…
This is the second atmospheric layer. Gases in here are layer…
atmosphere
This is a mixture of gases that surrounds Earth. In addition…
air pressure
This is the measure of the force with which air molecules pus…
64 terms
Junior High Earth Science Chapter 7
2 types of weathering
Mechanical weathering
ice wedging
plant mechanical weathering
Mechanical weathering & chemical weathering
Physical processes break down rocks, each fragment has charac…
mechanical weathering when water freezes in rock cracks.
roots force into cracks, then grow and break rock
2 types of weathering
Mechanical weathering & chemical weathering
Mechanical weathering
Physical processes break down rocks, each fragment has charac…
20 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7
Infiltration
Transpiration
Gradient
Tributary
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
The process by which moisture is carried through plants from…
The slope of a stream over a certain distance. {Gradient decr…
A river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake.
Infiltration
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
Transpiration
The process by which moisture is carried through plants from…
8 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7.1
weathering
erosion
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
the process by which rocks on or near the earth's surface bre…
the removal and transport of weather metals from one location…
the process by which rocks and minerals break down into small…
the repeated thawing and freezing of water in the cracks of t…
weathering
the process by which rocks on or near the earth's surface bre…
erosion
the removal and transport of weather metals from one location…
5 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7.3
Soil
Residual Soil
Transported soil
Soil Profile
The under layer of earth in which plants grow
The soil that is remaining after the soluble elements have be…
A soil that has been transported by erosion and then deposite…
As a vertical section of the soil from the ground surface dow…
Soil
The under layer of earth in which plants grow
Residual Soil
The soil that is remaining after the soluble elements have be…
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Weathering and Erosion
weathering
mechanical weathering
frost wedging
exfoliation
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
weathering that involves the breaking or peeling away of rock…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
mechanical weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Chemical Weathering
Exfoliation
Frost Wedging
Mechanical Weathering
process by which rocks and minerals undergo changes in their…
mechanical weathering process in which outer rock layers are…
mehanical weathering process that occurs when water repeatedl…
process that breaks down rocks and minerals into smaller piec…
Chemical Weathering
process by which rocks and minerals undergo changes in their…
Exfoliation
mechanical weathering process in which outer rock layers are…
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