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Study sets matching "care of the surgical patient"

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Study sets matching "care of the surgical patient"

142 terms
Care of a Surgical Patient
preoperative phase
intraoperative phase
post anesthesia care unit
emergency
What phase is it from the decision for surgery to the transfe…
What phase is it from transfer into the operating room to adm…
PACU =
What classification of surgery is surgery that:... -needs to be…
preoperative phase
What phase is it from the decision for surgery to the transfe…
intraoperative phase
What phase is it from transfer into the operating room to adm…
201 terms
Care of Surgical Patient, Care of Surgical Patient
Anastomosis
ectomy
lysis
orrhaphy
surgical joining
Surgical removal
destruction or dissolution
Surgical repair
Anastomosis
surgical joining
ectomy
Surgical removal
30 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
autologous
dehiscence
elective
laser
own, originating within an individual
separation of surgical wound
voluntary
light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
autologous
own, originating within an individual
dehiscence
separation of surgical wound
101 terms
Care of Surgical patients
Major surgical classification
Minor surgical classification
Elective surgical classification
Urgent surgical classification
Extensive reconstruction, poses great risk to well being
Involves minimal risks compared with major procedures
Is not essential and is not always necessary for health
Not necessarily emergency
Major surgical classification
Extensive reconstruction, poses great risk to well being
Minor surgical classification
Involves minimal risks compared with major procedures
80 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
A perioperative nurse is preparing a p…
A nurse is preparing a patient for a c…
A nurse is preparing a patient for a c…
A 72-year-old woman who is scheduled f…
Answer: Major, emergency... Rationale: This surgery would invol…
Answer: B, C... Rationale: A localized loss of sensation and po…
Answer: B, F... Rationale: A consent form is not legal if the p…
Answer: Anticoagulants... Rationale: Anticoagulant drug therapy…
A perioperative nurse is preparing a p…
Answer: Major, emergency... Rationale: This surgery would invol…
A nurse is preparing a patient for a c…
Answer: B, C... Rationale: A localized loss of sensation and po…
173 terms
Care of Surgical Patient
Anastomosis
ectomy
lysis
orrhaphy
surgical joining
Surgical removal
destruction or dissolution
Surgical repair
Anastomosis
surgical joining
ectomy
Surgical removal
27 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
dehiscence
elective
palliative
perioperative care
separation of surgical wound
voluntary
to relieve pain or complication without curing
care from decision to have surgery through the recovery period
dehiscence
separation of surgical wound
elective
voluntary
49 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
Perioperative Nursing
Patient that has surgery goes through.…
Preoperative
Intraoperative phase
Nursing care given before (preoperative), during (intraoperat…
perioperative nursing care
Begins with the decision to have the surgery and ends with th…
beginning when the patient is transferred to teh OR bed, also…
Perioperative Nursing
Nursing care given before (preoperative), during (intraoperat…
Patient that has surgery goes through.…
perioperative nursing care
56 terms
Care of surgical patient
WBC
RBC
Platelet
CVP
5-10
4.5-5 million
140-400
5-12
WBC
5-10
RBC
4.5-5 million
113 terms
CARE OF THE SURGICAL PATIENT
Ablative
Anesthesia
Atelectasis
Cachexia
Excision or removal of diseased body part ... amputation, cholec…
Absence of all sensation including pain
An abnormal condition characterized by the collapse of lung t…
Ill health, malnutrition and wasting as a result of chronic d…
Ablative
Excision or removal of diseased body part ... amputation, cholec…
Anesthesia
Absence of all sensation including pain
67 terms
Nursing Care of the Surgical Patient
Perioperative Nursing
Surgical Procedures
Extent of Surgical Procedure
Purpose of Surgery
-Preoperative Phase... -Intraoperative Phase... -Postoperative Phas…
Minimally invasive: Fiberoptic endoscopes, smaller incisions,…
Diagnostic: Aids in diagnosis (e.g., breast biopsy)... Curative…
Perioperative Nursing
-Preoperative Phase... -Intraoperative Phase... -Postoperative Phas…
Surgical Procedures
28 terms
Care of Surgical Patient
What should the patient have on before…
Transport to the operating room (Preop…
Preparing for the postoperative patien…
Arrival at the operating room
-Identification bracelet... - allergy band... -Fall risk ID band... -B…
- compare ID bracelet to the medical record... - Assist patient…
- - sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, and thermometer... -Emesis ba…
-Identification bracelet with the clients verbal response and…
What should the patient have on before…
-Identification bracelet... - allergy band... -Fall risk ID band... -B…
Transport to the operating room (Preop…
- compare ID bracelet to the medical record... - Assist patient…
81 terms
care of surgical patient
Perioperative nursing
ambulatory
laparoscopic
major
care given during, before, and after surgery is what kind of…
outpatient surgery, short-stay surgery, or same-day surgery i…
this type of surgery uses minimally invasive techniques with…
the seriousness of this surgery Involves extensive reconstruc…
Perioperative nursing
care given during, before, and after surgery is what kind of…
ambulatory
outpatient surgery, short-stay surgery, or same-day surgery i…
127 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
Has surgical procedures and is dischar…
Elective
Urgent
Must be done immediately for patient's…
Ambulatory or outpatient
Patient's choice
Necessary for patient.
Emergency
Has surgical procedures and is dischar…
Ambulatory or outpatient
Elective
Patient's choice
60 terms
LPN Care of the Surgical Patient
Ablation
Atelectasis
Cachexia
Catabolism
surgical removal of a body part or tissue
Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course…
Breakdown of body tissue after severe trauma or crushing injury
Ablation
surgical removal of a body part or tissue
Atelectasis
Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
85 terms
Care of surgical patient
Perioperative. Definition
Preoperative
Intraoperative
Postoperative
Term for a surgical patient "umbrella under which a surgical…
Before surgery.
During surgery.
After surgery
Perioperative. Definition
Term for a surgical patient "umbrella under which a surgical…
Preoperative
Before surgery.
52 terms
Care of Surgical Patients
perioperative nursing care
association of perioperative registere…
ambulatory surgery
cholecystectomy
nursing care given before(pre-operative, during (intraoperaiv…
formerly association of operating room nurses, formed to gain…
outpatient surgery, same day surgery, short stay surgery
gallbladder removal
perioperative nursing care
nursing care given before(pre-operative, during (intraoperaiv…
association of perioperative registere…
formerly association of operating room nurses, formed to gain…
16 terms
Nursing Care of the Surgical Patient
Outpatient benefits
Discharge criteria after outpatient su…
Preop Diagnostic tests
Preop meds
1. Decreased cost... 2. Reduced risk of hospital-accquired infec…
1. Stable vital signs... 2. Can stand & walk without dizziness o…
Provide baseline date- usually performed one week prior to su…
Provide sedation... Reduce anxiety... Induce amnesia... Increase comfo…
Outpatient benefits
1. Decreased cost... 2. Reduced risk of hospital-accquired infec…
Discharge criteria after outpatient su…
1. Stable vital signs... 2. Can stand & walk without dizziness o…
46 terms
care of the surgical and immobile patient
surgery performed for varity reasones
elective (voluntary) surgery
Emergency surgery
Palliative surgery
elective ( voluntary), Emergency,palliative (pain or complica…
such us when a hernia repair is scheduled week away
trauma case,in which serious consequences will occur if surge…
pain or complication reliever,performed to make patient more…
surgery performed for varity reasones
elective ( voluntary), Emergency,palliative (pain or complica…
elective (voluntary) surgery
such us when a hernia repair is scheduled week away
Care of the Surgical Patient
Asepsis
Drainage
Exudate
Hematoma
absence of bacteria
The means of draining collectively, as a system of conduits,…
fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
A bleed under the skin that can cause complications in the pa…
Asepsis
absence of bacteria
Drainage
The means of draining collectively, as a system of conduits,…
34 terms
Care for Surgical Patient
Perioperative Period
Preoperative Phase
Intraoperative Phase
Postoperative Phase (B/E)
Preoperative Phase... Intraoperative Phase... Postoperative Phase
Begins w/ decision to have surgery ... Ends when patient transf…
Begins when patient transferred to operating table... End with…
Begins with admission to PACU... End when healing complete
Perioperative Period
Preoperative Phase... Intraoperative Phase... Postoperative Phase
Preoperative Phase
Begins w/ decision to have surgery ... Ends when patient transf…
36 terms
Care of the surgical patient
Approximation
Dehiscence
Intubation
Extubation
Edges of the surgical incision meet and are aligned with each…
Separation of wound edge ... Seen in approximately 2% of all mid…
Insertion of an endotracheal tube into the patient's trachea…
Removal of the endotracheal tube
Approximation
Edges of the surgical incision meet and are aligned with each…
Dehiscence
Separation of wound edge ... Seen in approximately 2% of all mid…
49 terms
Care of Surgical Patient
Perioperative Nursing
Phases of surgery
Preoperative phase
Intra-operative phase
Nursing care care provided for the patient before , during an…
Preoperative phase , intra-operative phase , post- operative…
From the decision for surgery to transfer into the operating…
From transfer to the operating room to admission to post anes…
Perioperative Nursing
Nursing care care provided for the patient before , during an…
Phases of surgery
Preoperative phase , intra-operative phase , post- operative…
24 terms
501 Care of surgical patient
Pre-op assessment
Pre-op teaching
Informed consent
Intra-op care: Time-out
Baseline data, medication, allergies, emotions, drug/alcohol…
Details of procedure, how to prepare, what to expect after
Doctor obtains - not nurses
Everyone stops to confirm name, birthday, procedure and locat…
Pre-op assessment
Baseline data, medication, allergies, emotions, drug/alcohol…
Pre-op teaching
Details of procedure, how to prepare, what to expect after
52 terms
Care of surgical patients (match)
Perioperative nursing
Inpatient surgery
Ambulatory surgery (out patient)
Benefits of ambulatory Anastasia
A specialized area of practice that describes the provision o…
Patient who stays in the hospital while under treatment
Healthcare facilities focused on providing the same day surgi…
Feeler laboratory test, fewer preop/postop medications, small…
Perioperative nursing
A specialized area of practice that describes the provision o…
Inpatient surgery
Patient who stays in the hospital while under treatment
8 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
Preoperative phase... Intraoperative phas…
post-anesthesia care unit
cholecystectomy
Association of periOperative Registere…
Phases of Peri-operative Nursing
PACU stands for and is the most Immediate postoperative care
A laparoscopic (ambulatory) surgery involving gallbladder rem…
AORN established in 1956 stands for
Preoperative phase... Intraoperative phas…
Phases of Peri-operative Nursing
post-anesthesia care unit
PACU stands for and is the most Immediate postoperative care
47 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
Seriousness
Urgency: Elective
Urgency: Urgent
Urgency: Emergency
Major: Extensive reconstruction of or alteration in body part…
Patient's choice; ex: plastic surgery
Necessary for patient's health; ex: excision of tumor, gallst…
Must be done STAT to save life or preserve function; ex: cont…
Seriousness
Major: Extensive reconstruction of or alteration in body part…
Urgency: Elective
Patient's choice; ex: plastic surgery
17 terms
Care of Surgical Patient
Surgery
Reconstructive
Constructive
Risk factors for clients needing surgery
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
Restores function or appearance to traumatized or malfunction…
Restores function lost or reduced as result of congenital ano…
Young patients- pts with multiple surguries before age 2 tend…
Surgery
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
Reconstructive
Restores function or appearance to traumatized or malfunction…
99 terms
Care of Surgical Patient
Anastamosis
Ectomy
Lysis
Orrhaphy
Surgical joining
Removal
Destruction or dissolution
Repair
Anastamosis
Surgical joining
Ectomy
Removal
8 terms
Care of the surgical Patient
incision
puncture
primary intention
secondary intention
a cut produced surgically by a sharp instrument creating an o…
stab wound for a drainage system
wounds made surgically heal this way-healing begins during th…
a wound must granulate during healing- occurs when skin edges…
incision
a cut produced surgically by a sharp instrument creating an o…
puncture
stab wound for a drainage system
31 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
Elective surgery
Urgent surgery
Emergent surgery
Anastomosis
Not necessary to preserve life; may be performed at a time th…
Required to keep additional health problems from occurring.
Performed immediately to save the individual's life or to pre…
Surgical joining of two ducts or blood vessels to allow flow…
Elective surgery
Not necessary to preserve life; may be performed at a time th…
Urgent surgery
Required to keep additional health problems from occurring.
27 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
ablation
anesthesia
atelectasis
cachexia
amputation or excision of any body part or removal of a growt…
means the absence of feelings (pain) (an, meaning "without",…
an abnormal condition characterized by the collapse of lung t…
ill health, malnutrition, and wasting as a result of chronic…
ablation
amputation or excision of any body part or removal of a growt…
anesthesia
means the absence of feelings (pain) (an, meaning "without",…
35 terms
Care of Surgical patient II
Criteria for calid consent
What type of cases call for two witnes…
Rn first assistant
Circulating nurse
Voluntary , informed subject , competent subject ( legal age )
Blind patients and during emergency cases
Worked under surgeon , handles tissue , suturing , providing…
Coordinates activists and environment in OR , is patient advo…
Criteria for calid consent
Voluntary , informed subject , competent subject ( legal age )
What type of cases call for two witnes…
Blind patients and during emergency cases
133 terms
CARE OF THE SURGICAL PATIENT
SURGERY
CLASSIFICATION FOR SURGICAL PROCEDURES
ADMISSION STATUS THREE TYPES
SERIOUSNESS
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
ADMISSION STATUS... SERIOUSNESS... URGENCY... PURPOSE
AMBULATORY (outpatient): patient who enters setting, has surg…
MAJOR: involves extensive reconstruction or alteration in bod…
SURGERY
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
CLASSIFICATION FOR SURGICAL PROCEDURES
ADMISSION STATUS... SERIOUSNESS... URGENCY... PURPOSE
15 terms
care of the surgical patient (3)
pre-op care involves
pre-op nursing dx's
intra-operative includes what
principles of surgical asepsis
assessment, teaching, informed consent, preoperative checklist
risk for infection, impaired physical mobility, acute pain, d…
safety, time out, surgical asepsis
An object remains sterile only when touched by another steril…
pre-op care involves
assessment, teaching, informed consent, preoperative checklist
pre-op nursing dx's
risk for infection, impaired physical mobility, acute pain, d…
41 terms
Care of Surgical Patient Notes
Where does preoperative nuring take pl…
Preoperative phase
Intraoperative phase
Postoperative phase/ Immediate recovery
Hospitals, surgical centers attached to hospitals, freestandi…
Involves all processes that take place to prepare for surgery…
Primarily concerned with preventing injury and complications…
Monitoring & maintaining airway; respiratory, circulatory, an…
Where does preoperative nuring take pl…
Hospitals, surgical centers attached to hospitals, freestandi…
Preoperative phase
Involves all processes that take place to prepare for surgery…
189 terms
MS-Care of Surgical Patient
surgical terminology
Anastomosis
ectomy
lysis
page 19, table 2-2... AHN
surgical joining
Surgical removal
destruction or dissolution
surgical terminology
page 19, table 2-2... AHN
Anastomosis
surgical joining
16 terms
Care of the surgical patient
DNR "do not resuscitate"
sterile conscience
Circulating nurse
scrub nurse
The physician should discuss and document issues with the pat…
Surgical personal must have ___ for patient safety such as if…
reviewing the preoperative assessment, establishing and imple…
gowns and gloves surgeons as they enter the operating room an…
DNR "do not resuscitate"
The physician should discuss and document issues with the pat…
sterile conscience
Surgical personal must have ___ for patient safety such as if…
84 terms
Care of the surgical patient
surgery
major surgery
minor surgery
elective
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
extensive reconstruction of/or alteration in body parts
minimal alteration in body parts
patients choice
surgery
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
major surgery
extensive reconstruction of/or alteration in body parts
36 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
Anesthesia
Embolus
Infarct
Informed Consent
Absence of pain; Divided into general, regional, & local cate…
A foreign object, quantity of air or gas, bit of tissue or tu…
Localized area of necrosis in tissue, a vessel, or an organ r…
Permission to perform a specific test or procedure
Anesthesia
Absence of pain; Divided into general, regional, & local cate…
Embolus
A foreign object, quantity of air or gas, bit of tissue or tu…
Care of the surgical patient
surgery
major surgery
minor surgery
elective
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
extensive reconstruction of/or alteration in body parts
minimal alteration in body parts
patients choice
surgery
the branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma req…
major surgery
extensive reconstruction of/or alteration in body parts
61 terms
ADULT: Care of Surgical Patients
Focus of Perioperative Nursing
in the Past surgical history
Current surgeries
Future surgeries
- Intra-collaboration between patient, family, anesthesia, su…
the surgeons were not sterile and neither was the technique.…
sterile environment including the equipment, gowns, gloves an…
- The instruments and equipment are getting more defined for…
Focus of Perioperative Nursing
- Intra-collaboration between patient, family, anesthesia, su…
in the Past surgical history
the surgeons were not sterile and neither was the technique.…
Care of a surgical patient
Ambulatory surgery
Name the types of facilities in which…
Give an example of an Ambulatory surgery
The seriousness of the procedure can b…
outpatient procedures
Hospital-based or freestanding facilities
gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy); many laparoscopic surg…
Major or minor
Ambulatory surgery
outpatient procedures
Name the types of facilities in which…
Hospital-based or freestanding facilities
51 terms
surgical care of patient
palliative surgery
reconstructive surgery
perioperative
who have trouble controlling temp duri…
to relieve pain or complications
restore appearance or function ex. mamoplasty
care of a patient from time of agreed surgery through recovery
infants they are at risk for dehydration
palliative surgery
to relieve pain or complications
reconstructive surgery
restore appearance or function ex. mamoplasty
38 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient Meds
midazolam
midazolam dosage
diazepam
diazepam dosage
versed, valium, Ativan... benzo
depends on the amount of sedation necessary for surgery
valium... benzo
5-20mg PO
midazolam
versed, valium, Ativan... benzo
midazolam dosage
depends on the amount of sedation necessary for surgery
60 terms
LPN Care of the Surgical Patient
Ablation
Atelectasis
Cachexia
Catabolism
surgical removal of a body part or tissue
Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course…
Breakdown of body tissue after severe trauma or crushing injury
Ablation
surgical removal of a body part or tissue
Atelectasis
Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
46 terms
care of the surgical and immobile patient
surgery performed for varity reasones
elective (voluntary) surgery
Emergency surgery
Palliative surgery
elective ( voluntary), Emergency,palliative (pain or complica…
such us when a hernia repair is scheduled week away
trauma case,in which serious consequences will occur if surge…
pain or complication reliever,performed to make patient more…
surgery performed for varity reasones
elective ( voluntary), Emergency,palliative (pain or complica…
elective (voluntary) surgery
such us when a hernia repair is scheduled week away
30 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
this is defined as the branch of medic…
this became a medical specialty in the…
in the 1840's this allowed surgeons to…
this allowed surgeons to conduct longe…
surgery
surgery
anesthesia
anesthetic gases
this is defined as the branch of medic…
surgery
this became a medical specialty in the…
surgery
36 terms
Care of the Surgical Patient
An admission status that indicates a p…
An admission status indicating a patie…
Patient is admitted to the hospital an…
Involves extensive reconstruction of o…
Ambulatory or outpatient
Same day admit
Inpatient
Major Surgical procedure ... Ex. Coronary artery bypass, gastri…
An admission status that indicates a p…
Ambulatory or outpatient
An admission status indicating a patie…
Same day admit
104 terms
wounds and care of the surgical patient
Inflammation
the inflammation phase
hemostasis
scab
is a localized protective response brought on by injury or de…
begins immediately after injury and last about 3 or 4 days
blood clotting or vessel compression
forms to protect against pathogens
Inflammation
is a localized protective response brought on by injury or de…
the inflammation phase
begins immediately after injury and last about 3 or 4 days
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