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Study sets matching "cartilage"

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Study sets matching "cartilage"

9 terms
Cartilage
Functions of cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage
-provides structure and support to other body tissues ... -cushi…
-most abundant cartilage (collagen)... -Support thru flexibility…
-contains many elastic fibers, able to tolerate bending... -ears…
-resists strong compression by providing strength and support…
Functions of cartilage
-provides structure and support to other body tissues ... -cushi…
Hyaline cartilage
-most abundant cartilage (collagen)... -Support thru flexibility…
25 terms
Cartilage
What are the functions of cartilage?
What are some attributes of cartilage?
What are the types of cartilage?
What types of cells are in cartilage?
- Forms supportive framework of some organs... - Lines articulat…
- Semi-rigid connective tissue... - Avascular and aneural... - Matr…
- Hyaline... - Elastic... - Fibrocartilage
- Chondrocytes... - Chondroblasts... - Chondrogenic cells... - Fibrobl…
What are the functions of cartilage?
- Forms supportive framework of some organs... - Lines articulat…
What are some attributes of cartilage?
- Semi-rigid connective tissue... - Avascular and aneural... - Matr…
13 terms
Cartilage
cartilage
hyaline cartilage
perichondrium
chondroblasts
- specialized connective tissue... ------- tough and resilient (…
- cells which then secret ECM... - perichondrium (not found in f…
- outer layer (fibrous)... - inner layer (chondrogenic)... ----- ch…
- immature cells... - a big contributor to matrix
cartilage
- specialized connective tissue... ------- tough and resilient (…
hyaline cartilage
- cells which then secret ECM... - perichondrium (not found in f…
9 terms
Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
28 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage and Bone
perichondrium
Cartilage
Chondroblast
drive from mesenchyme tissue composed of cells, fibers, and g…
Vascular/innervated covering on all cartilage except articula…
avascular/not innervated
spindle shaped synthesize and deposit cartilage
Cartilage and Bone
drive from mesenchyme tissue composed of cells, fibers, and g…
perichondrium
Vascular/innervated covering on all cartilage except articula…
35 terms
Cartilage
avascular permeable compression low ca…
matrix mineral water collagen proteogl…
chondrocyte 2 2 elastic 1
perichondrium fibrous chondrogenic
cartilage is _______, _______ (conducts nutrients and water)…
cartilage is mostly (cells/matrix). There is no _______ in ca…
The cell that forms cartilage is called the _______. It forms…
Most cartilages are surround by _______ that has two layers _…
avascular permeable compression low ca…
cartilage is _______, _______ (conducts nutrients and water)…
matrix mineral water collagen proteogl…
cartilage is mostly (cells/matrix). There is no _______ in ca…
9 terms
Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage Trachea, Mag. 20X... Hy…
Hyaline cartilage Trachea , Mag. 100X…
Hyaline cartilage Trachea , Mag. 200X…
Hyaline cartilage Trachea, Mag. 400X... N…
Hyaline cartilage Trachea, Mag. 20X... Hy…
Hyaline cartilage Trachea , Mag. 100X…
72 terms
Cartilage
structural organization of mature bone
embedded in bone but alive, they commu…
what is sometimes used as a serum mark…
secrete osteod
...
osteocytes
Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase TRAP
osteoblasts
structural organization of mature bone
...
embedded in bone but alive, they commu…
osteocytes
30 terms
Cartilage
cartilage
where is carilage found
chondroblasts
chondrocytes
supportive connective tissue with flexible, rubbery matrix
ear, tip of the nose, and larynx
baby, are cells that produce matrix and surround themselves u…
mature, cartilage cells in the lacunae
cartilage
supportive connective tissue with flexible, rubbery matrix
where is carilage found
ear, tip of the nose, and larynx
14 terms
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage: ... chondrocytes arran…
Elastic cartilage:... Uses orcein, resorc…
Fibrocartilage; does not contain peric…
elastic cartilage
Name all the features
What type of cartilage is this? What stains are used? These s…
What type of cartilage is this? How is it different than the…
What type of cartilage is this?
Hyaline Cartilage: ... chondrocytes arran…
Name all the features
Elastic cartilage:... Uses orcein, resorc…
What type of cartilage is this? What stains are used? These s…
9 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
Periochondrium
A connective tissue that...... -Supports soft tissues... -Provide…
Produces cartilage
Matures cartilage cells... -Residue in lacunae
-dense, irregular connective tissue around cartilage... -growth/…
Cartilage
A connective tissue that...... -Supports soft tissues... -Provide…
Chondroblasts
Produces cartilage
12 terms
Cartilage
Hyaline
Fibrocartilage annulis fibrosus
Nucleus pulposus
Elastic cartilage
Type
Hyaline
Fibrocartilage annulis fibrosus
12 terms
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Lacunae
Capsular Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage
Chondrocyte
41 terms
Cartilage
Bone and Cartilage General
Cartilage General
Bone General
3 Types of Cartilage
-both derived from embryonic mesenchyme... -both consist of cell…
-provides structural support for soft tissues and sliding are…
-higher metabolic rate, heavily vascularized and receives up…
1- fibrocartilage... 2- elastic cartilage... 3- hyaline cartilage
Bone and Cartilage General
-both derived from embryonic mesenchyme... -both consist of cell…
Cartilage General
-provides structural support for soft tissues and sliding are…
19 terms
Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
Fibrocartilage
32 terms
Cartilage
bone
cartilage
joints
ligaments
rigid protective and supporting framework for soft tissues
semi-rigid support so specific sites like the respiratory tre…
composite structures which unite bones and depending on their…
provide stability of joints
bone
rigid protective and supporting framework for soft tissues
cartilage
semi-rigid support so specific sites like the respiratory tre…
25 terms
Cartilage
What are the functions of cartilage?
What are some attributes of cartilage?
What are the types of cartilage?
What types of cells are in cartilage?
- Forms supportive framework of some organs... - Lines articulat…
- Semi-rigid connective tissue... - Avascular and aneural... - Matr…
- Hyaline... - Elastic... - Fibrocartilage
- Chondrocytes... - Chondroblasts... - Chondrogenic cells... - Fibrobl…
What are the functions of cartilage?
- Forms supportive framework of some organs... - Lines articulat…
What are some attributes of cartilage?
- Semi-rigid connective tissue... - Avascular and aneural... - Matr…
17 terms
Cartilage
where is a pliable but stiff cartilage…
where is a smooth and incompressible c…
where is cartilage found rapidly growi…
what covers cartilage?
hollow organs
lines surface of articulations
fetal skeleton and developing bone
perichondrium... --dense irregular CT proper... (not at joint surfa…
where is a pliable but stiff cartilage…
hollow organs
where is a smooth and incompressible c…
lines surface of articulations
Cartilage
hyaline cartilage (most abundant)
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
chondrocyte
a cell that has secreted the matrix of cartilage and become e…
hyaline cartilage (most abundant)
elastic cartilage
9 terms
Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Hyaline cartilage locations
Hyaline cartilage functions
Elastic cartilage
collagen fibers not visible
ends of bones at moveable joints; trachea and bronchi, larynx…
eases joint movement; holds airways open, moves vocal cords;…
elastic fibers amid lacunae
Hyaline cartilage
collagen fibers not visible
Hyaline cartilage locations
ends of bones at moveable joints; trachea and bronchi, larynx…
30 terms
cartilage
larynx, trachea, bronchi, nose, ears
chondrocyte
60-90
orthagonally
cartilage locations
cartilage cells surrounded by complex matrix
cartilage is ____-_____% avascular
cartilage fibers _____ oriented in leaves
larynx, trachea, bronchi, nose, ears
cartilage locations
chondrocyte
cartilage cells surrounded by complex matrix
41 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage is found in
Why is cartilage so flexible?
Cartilage cells are
Cartilage throughout the body is
places that need a lot of support but a little bit of flexibi…
Has a lot of collagen and binds a lot of water
physically separated from one another
not abundant... - lack blood vessels... - limited diffusion... - diffi…
Cartilage is found in
places that need a lot of support but a little bit of flexibi…
Why is cartilage so flexible?
Has a lot of collagen and binds a lot of water
19 terms
Cartilage
Characteristics
Cellular component
Extracellular matrix
Amorphous matrix
Amorphous ECM >> fibrous... Rich in proteoglycans... Functions in s…
Chondroblast, -cyte, perichondria fibroblast
Amorphous, fibrous
Mostly glycosaminoglycans, proteoglycans (aggrecan, syndecan,…
Characteristics
Amorphous ECM >> fibrous... Rich in proteoglycans... Functions in s…
Cellular component
Chondroblast, -cyte, perichondria fibroblast
16 terms
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Cartilage
Charecteristics: Non visible Collagenic Fibers, Homogeneous,…
Charecteristics: Visible, Pink, wavy, collogenic fibers, foun…
Charecteristics: Darkly stained, elastic fibers, identical to…
Special type of connective tissue
Hyaline Cartilage
Charecteristics: Non visible Collagenic Fibers, Homogeneous,…
Fibrocartilage
Charecteristics: Visible, Pink, wavy, collogenic fibers, foun…
Cartilage
Chondrocytes
chondroblasts
lacunae
support and reinforcement
mature cartilage cells
cartilage forming cells
spaces in the matrix
What is the function of hyaline cartilage?
Chondrocytes
mature cartilage cells
chondroblasts
cartilage forming cells
56 terms
Cartilage
a semi-rigid form of CT / supporting t…
- Structural support... - joints: shock a…
cells + ECM (Fibers & ground substance)
Perichondrium ... (dense irregular connec…
Definition of cartilage:
Cartilage functions:
Composition of cartilage:
Identify the blue structure:
a semi-rigid form of CT / supporting t…
Definition of cartilage:
- Structural support... - joints: shock a…
Cartilage functions:
43 terms
Cartilage
Articular cartilage composition
Proteoglycan and noncollagenous protei…
Articular cartilage function
Where is articular cartilage found
Small number of cells + large amount of ECM... - 1-5% cells, 99%…
- Bind/organize collagenous network limiting displacement dur…
- Decrease friction... - Attenuates/distributes load through joi…
- Ends of bone that articulate with other bones... - Found in sy…
Articular cartilage composition
Small number of cells + large amount of ECM... - 1-5% cells, 99%…
Proteoglycan and noncollagenous protei…
- Bind/organize collagenous network limiting displacement dur…
8 terms
Cartilage
Structure
Functions
Types:
Hyaline Cartilage
Avascular (no blood supply)... Cell type: chondrocytes: cartilag…
1. Support soft tissue... 2. Model for formation of bone... 3. Glid…
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
~Most common kind of cartilage... ~Has tiny nearly invisible col…
Structure
Avascular (no blood supply)... Cell type: chondrocytes: cartilag…
Functions
1. Support soft tissue... 2. Model for formation of bone... 3. Glid…
41 terms
Cartilage
Bone and Cartilage General
Cartilage General
Bone General
3 Types of Cartilage
-both derived from embryonic mesenchyme... -both consist of cell…
-provides structural support for soft tissues and sliding are…
-higher metabolic rate, heavily vascularized and receives up…
1- fibrocartilage... 2- elastic cartilage... 3- hyaline cartilage
Bone and Cartilage General
-both derived from embryonic mesenchyme... -both consist of cell…
Cartilage General
-provides structural support for soft tissues and sliding are…
9 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage
Perichondrium
Cells
Grounds substance
No nerve and no blood supply... Permeable to water and nutrients
outer covering or cartilage surface
Chondrocytes- mature cells
Made of Proteoglycans( made from chondrotin sulfate)
Cartilage
No nerve and no blood supply... Permeable to water and nutrients
Perichondrium
outer covering or cartilage surface
12 terms
Cartilage
matrix composed of
chondrocytes
chondroblasts
lacunae
-firm gel containing fibers and organic proteins (GAGS)... -80%…
mature cartilage cells
-immature cells of cartilage... -lay down cell matrix... -get trapp…
small fluid filled space in the matrix that engulf chondrobla…
matrix composed of
-firm gel containing fibers and organic proteins (GAGS)... -80%…
chondrocytes
mature cartilage cells
61 terms
Cartilage
3 types
most prevalent type
primary fixed cell for hyaline, elasti…
hyaline cartilage morphology
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
hyaline
chondrocyte; sits in lacunae
randomly scatted large chondrocytes, large amounts of pale bl…
3 types
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
most prevalent type
hyaline
9 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
General: ... -sponge like, avascular... -a lot of ground substance…
ECM- Type II... Chondrocyte Arrangement- isogenous... Location- tra…
ECM- Type II and elastin... Chondrocyte Arrangement- isogenous... L…
ECM-Type I and II... Chondrocyte arrangement- parallel rows... Loca…
Cartilage
General: ... -sponge like, avascular... -a lot of ground substance…
Hyaline Cartilage
ECM- Type II... Chondrocyte Arrangement- isogenous... Location- tra…
60 terms
Cartilage
Characteristics of Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Locations
Cells of Hyaline Cartilage
Functions of chondrocytes/blasts
Dense, resilient, deformable, viscoelastic, provides structur…
Nose, larynx, trachea, bronchi (semi-rigid reinforcement mate…
Chondrocytes/ chondroblasts
To produce and maintain ECM. Turnover of ECM (enzymes; PG tur…
Characteristics of Cartilage
Dense, resilient, deformable, viscoelastic, provides structur…
Hyaline Cartilage Locations
Nose, larynx, trachea, bronchi (semi-rigid reinforcement mate…
19 terms
Cartilage
cartilage
chondrocyte
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
rigid connective tissue that provides support, frameworks, an…
cartilage cell
it has very fine collagenous fibers in its extracellular matr…
contains a dense network of elastic fibers and this is more f…
cartilage
rigid connective tissue that provides support, frameworks, an…
chondrocyte
cartilage cell
38 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage
Cartilage characteristics
Flexible, weaker than bone, avascular
Cartilage cells
Semi rigid connective tissue
Flexible, weaker than bone, avascular
Cartilage characteristics
Chondroblasts, chondrocytes
Cartilage
Semi rigid connective tissue
Cartilage characteristics
Flexible, weaker than bone, avascular
26 terms
Cartilage
3 Types of Cartilage
Chondroblast
Chondrocyte
Lacuna
1. Hyaline Cartilage... 2. Elastic Cartilage... 3. Fibrocartilage
Chondroblast - youngest cell in cartilage development - synth…
Matured Chondroblast that is now completely surrounded by Typ…
Space within the Type II Collagen and other organic molecules…
3 Types of Cartilage
1. Hyaline Cartilage... 2. Elastic Cartilage... 3. Fibrocartilage
Chondroblast
Chondroblast - youngest cell in cartilage development - synth…
62 terms
Cartilage
1. ECM... 2. Cells
1. collagen fibers... 2. proteoglycan agg…
proteoglycans... multi-adhesive glycoprot…
fetal skeleton, tracheal rings, synovi…
what properties warrant the classification of cartilage as co…
what composes the matrix?
what makes up ground substance?
name places hyaline cartilage can be found
1. ECM... 2. Cells
what properties warrant the classification of cartilage as co…
1. collagen fibers... 2. proteoglycan agg…
what composes the matrix?
8 terms
Cartilage
Soma
Dendrites
Somatic Motor Neuron
Axon
Cell body, or perikaryom (metabolic center) ... 10% of neuron ce…
Receptive (antenae trees)
10,000 connection --------8000 dendrites, 2000 soma
conducting element- .2-20 microns in diameter... length 1in... 120…
Soma
Cell body, or perikaryom (metabolic center) ... 10% of neuron ce…
Dendrites
Receptive (antenae trees)
23 terms
cartilage
Cartilage
Fundamentals of cartilage
3 types of cartilage
Building blocks of cartilage
A strong, flexible connective tissue.
• Avascular- means no blood supply... • Abundant extra cellular…
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
• Intercellaur water 60%-80% is the largest component... • Colla…
Cartilage
A strong, flexible connective tissue.
Fundamentals of cartilage
• Avascular- means no blood supply... • Abundant extra cellular…
8 terms
Cartilage
supporting connective tissue
cartilage
bone
chondroblasts
dense ground substance, closely packed fibers; two types: car…
supporting connective tissue for shock absorption and protect…
supporting connective tissue for weight support and movement
make new cartilage cells
supporting connective tissue
dense ground substance, closely packed fibers; two types: car…
cartilage
supporting connective tissue for shock absorption and protect…
59 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage
cartilage matrix fluidity
Function of cartilage
Matrix of cartilage components
cartialge matrix usually remains uncalcified... it is AVASCULAR…
fluidity is high (in gel state) . has a much greater content…
to provide tensile strength and it's also slightly flexible
formed by the groud substances and fibrs.
Cartilage
cartialge matrix usually remains uncalcified... it is AVASCULAR…
cartilage matrix fluidity
fluidity is high (in gel state) . has a much greater content…
84 terms
Cartilage
Bones cartilage tendons and ligaments
Functions of skeletal system
hyaline fibrocartilage and elastic car…
hyaline cartilage
Four components of the skeletal system
support (bones)... protection (bone is hard)... movement ... storage... b…
the three types of cartilage
most associated with bone ... most bones in the body develop fro…
Bones cartilage tendons and ligaments
Four components of the skeletal system
Functions of skeletal system
support (bones)... protection (bone is hard)... movement ... storage... b…
30 terms
Cartilage
Types of cartilage
Components of cartilage
Functions of caritlage
hyaline
- hyaline ... - elastic ... - fibrocartilage
- cells (chondrocytes in lacunae)... - extracellular matrix (sol…
- support to softer tissue... - acts like a shock-absorber (join…
- 'glassy' ... - no visible fibers in extracellular matrix ... - la…
Types of cartilage
- hyaline ... - elastic ... - fibrocartilage
Components of cartilage
- cells (chondrocytes in lacunae)... - extracellular matrix (sol…
15 terms
Cartilage
Characteristics of cartilage
cartilage is avascular
cells in cartilage
perichondrium
-is one of the gelatinous ground substances... -Connective tissu…
nutrients supplies by diffusion, aneural, amniotic
Chondrocytes (modified fibroblasts)... -live in spaces called la…
covering of cartilage ... -dense ct... -only in hyaline and elastic
Characteristics of cartilage
-is one of the gelatinous ground substances... -Connective tissu…
cartilage is avascular
nutrients supplies by diffusion, aneural, amniotic
15 terms
Cartilage
skeletal system is composed of a varie…
ligaments
tendons
cartilage
cartilage... bone... ligaments... joints... tendons
provide stability of joints
provide strong flexible connections between muscles and bones
avascular, no nerves or lymphatic vessels... semi-rigid form of…
skeletal system is composed of a varie…
cartilage... bone... ligaments... joints... tendons
ligaments
provide stability of joints
9 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
Periochondrium
A connective tissue that...... -Supports soft tissues... -Provide…
Produces cartilage
Matures cartilage cells... -Residue in lacunae
-dense, irregular connective tissue around cartilage... -growth/…
Cartilage
A connective tissue that...... -Supports soft tissues... -Provide…
Chondroblasts
Produces cartilage
30 terms
Cartilage
Types of cartilage
Components of cartilage
Functions of caritlage
hyaline
- hyaline ... - elastic ... - fibrocartilage
- cells (chondrocytes in lacunae)... - extracellular matrix (sol…
- support to softer tissue... - acts like a shock-absorber (join…
- 'glassy' ... - no visible fibers in extracellular matrix ... - la…
Types of cartilage
- hyaline ... - elastic ... - fibrocartilage
Components of cartilage
- cells (chondrocytes in lacunae)... - extracellular matrix (sol…
Cartilage
hyaline
hyaline
hyaline
hyaline
**most common
supports, connects, provides framework
-ends of bones, nose, walls of respiratory passages
-important in the growth of bones
hyaline
**most common
hyaline
supports, connects, provides framework
29 terms
Cartilage
Cartilage comes from
Cartilage function shows
ECM has
_____ mediates the attachment of carti…
Mesenchyme cells ->... Chondroblasts start making matrix ->... Isog…
how ECM can provide specialized function... Body's shock absorber
Fibers (Type II collagen)... and ... Ground substances (proteoglyca…
Chondronectin
Cartilage comes from
Mesenchyme cells ->... Chondroblasts start making matrix ->... Isog…
Cartilage function shows
how ECM can provide specialized function... Body's shock absorber
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