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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology functions cells"

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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology functions cells"

9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology cell functions
Phospholipid Bilayer
nucleus
mitochondria
ribosomes
double layer of lipid molecules
is the control center of the cell, contains DNA and chromosom…
A) the powerhouse of the cell, turns nutrients into usable en…
A) manufactures proteins by means of a process called protein…
Phospholipid Bilayer
double layer of lipid molecules
nucleus
is the control center of the cell, contains DNA and chromosom…
8 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Parts & Function
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
Ribosome
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Contains DNA; directly cell activity; double membrane
ATP production; fatty acid oxidation; double membrane
Protein production; no membrane
Protein production for export; single membrane
Nucleus
Contains DNA; directly cell activity; double membrane
Mitochondrion
ATP production; fatty acid oxidation; double membrane
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Structure And Function
chromatin
nucleolus
rough ER
smooth ER
diffuse threads containing DNA and protein
region that produces subunits of ribosomes
studded with ribosomes, processes proteins
lacks ribosomes, synthesizes lipid molecules
chromatin
diffuse threads containing DNA and protein
nucleolus
region that produces subunits of ribosomes
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Structure and Function of the Cell
3 Major parts of the Cell
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
-forms the outer cell boundary (skin)... -separates internal env…
-contains cytosol, cytoskeleton, inclusions, and organelles
-control center of the cell, contains DNA (Brain of the cell)
3 Major parts of the Cell
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
Plasma Membrane
-forms the outer cell boundary (skin)... -separates internal env…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Structure And Function
nucleolus
rough ER
smooth ER
ribosomes
region that produces subunits of ribosomes, control center, c…
studded with ribosomes, processes proteins and toxins, makes…
lacks ribosomes, synthesizes lipid molecules
particles that carry out protein synthesis
nucleolus
region that produces subunits of ribosomes, control center, c…
rough ER
studded with ribosomes, processes proteins and toxins, makes…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Structure and Function
A. Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleoplasm
Nucleolus
Control cells activity
membrane that surrounds entire nucleus ... - nuclear membrane; c…
A liquid that surrounds chromosomes and nucleolus within nucl…
Site where ribosomes are made
A. Nucleus
Control cells activity
Nuclear envelope
membrane that surrounds entire nucleus ... - nuclear membrane; c…
147 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cytology
Microscopic Techniques
Overview of Cell Anatomy
-building blocks of plants and animals ... -smallest functioning…
A combination of knowledge about cells from microscopic study…
Light microscopy (LM), electron microscopy (EM), transmission…
Cells in the body are very diverse, each type built for a spe…
Cell Theory
-building blocks of plants and animals ... -smallest functioning…
Cytology
A combination of knowledge about cells from microscopic study…
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell parts and functions
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Lysosomes
External boundary of cell; regulates flow of materials into a…
Control center of the cell; necessary for cell division and c…
Dense, darkly staining nuclear body; packaging site for ribos…
Contains digestive enzymes of may varieties; "suicide sac" of…
Cell Membrane
External boundary of cell; regulates flow of materials into a…
Nucleus
Control center of the cell; necessary for cell division and c…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - location and functions of cells
plasma membrane
lysosomes
mitochondria
microvilli
external body of the cell; confines cell contents, regulates…
cytoplasm/membrane; cleans/gets rid of bad things
scattered throughout the cell; controls release of energy fro…
projections of the plasma membrane; increase the membrane sur…
plasma membrane
external body of the cell; confines cell contents, regulates…
lysosomes
cytoplasm/membrane; cleans/gets rid of bad things
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Function of Cell Structures
Plasma Membrane
Microvilli
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
Assembly site for ribosomes
Long thin strands within nucleus. Each strand composed of one…
Plasma Membrane
Controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Microvilli
Folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Structure and Function
The building blocks of all plants and…
The smallest functioning units of life…
Cells are produced only by the divisio…
The primary function of each cell in t…
Cells
Cells
Preexisting Cells
Homeostasis
The building blocks of all plants and…
Cells
The smallest functioning units of life…
Cells
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Organelles and Function
What are Centrioles and centrosomes
What is the function of centrioles and…
What are microvilli
What is the function of microvilli
cytoplasm contains two centrioles at right angles to each oth…
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division an…
Membrane extensions containing microfilaments
Increase surface area to facilitate absorption of extracellul…
What are Centrioles and centrosomes
cytoplasm contains two centrioles at right angles to each oth…
What is the function of centrioles and…
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division an…
17 terms
Function of Cell Structures (Anatomy & Physiology)
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
Contains DNA molecules and nucleolus
Assembly site for ribosomes
Long, thin strands within nucleus; each composed of one DNA m…
Gel-like fluid containing the cytosol and organelles
Nucleus
Contains DNA molecules and nucleolus
Nucleolus
Assembly site for ribosomes
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cytology
Microscopic Techniques
Overview of Cell Anatomy
-cells are building blocks of plants and animals ... -cells are…
A combination of knowledge about cells from microscopic study…
Light microscopy (LM), electron microscopy (EM), transmission…
Cytology starts with looking at the "typical" cell and its co…
Cell Theory
-cells are building blocks of plants and animals ... -cells are…
Cytology
A combination of knowledge about cells from microscopic study…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Structure And Function
nucleolus
rough ER
smooth ER
ribosomes
region that produces subunits of ribosomes, control center, c…
studded with ribosomes, processes proteins and toxins, makes…
lacks ribosomes, synthesizes lipid molecules
particles that carry out protein synthesis
nucleolus
region that produces subunits of ribosomes, control center, c…
rough ER
studded with ribosomes, processes proteins and toxins, makes…
112 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Module 3: Cells and Their Functions
6 Characteristics of Life
Most Basic Unit of Life
Name for the Study of Cells
3 Types of Modern Microscopes
Organization, Metabolism, Responsiveness, Homeostasis, Growth…
The Cell
Cytology
Compound Light Microscope (Two Lenses, Magnifies 1000x), Tran…
6 Characteristics of Life
Organization, Metabolism, Responsiveness, Homeostasis, Growth…
Most Basic Unit of Life
The Cell
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 3 Cell Structures and Functions
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Organelles
cytoplasm
forms the outer boundary of the cell, Its composed of phospho…
Control center of a cell, regulates protein synthesis and the…
specialized part of a cell with one or more specific functions.
cell material located in between nuclear membrane and cell me…
Plasma Membrane
forms the outer boundary of the cell, Its composed of phospho…
Nucleus
Control center of a cell, regulates protein synthesis and the…
Anatomy / Physiology Chapter 3: Cell Structure and Function
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
selective permeable, barrier from surroundings
2 lipid (fat) layers, "tail to tail"
proteins stuck within bilayer (permanently connected)
proteins around, outside/inside, of bilayer (temporary connec…
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
selective permeable, barrier from surroundings
Phospholipid Bilayer
2 lipid (fat) layers, "tail to tail"
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Review: Structure and Function of the Cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
three major parts of a cell
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
contains cytosol, cytoskeleton, inclusions, and organelles
control center of cell & contains DNA
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
three major parts of a cell
plasma membrane
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
16 terms
Anatomy - Cell Anatomy & Physiology (organelle + function)
Plasma Membrane
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Serves as boundary of the cell; protein molecules embedded in…
Ribosomes on the rough ER synthesize proteins that leave cell…
Smooth ER synthesizes lipids incorporated in cell membranes,…
Synthesizes carbohydrates, combines them with proteins, and p…
Plasma Membrane
Serves as boundary of the cell; protein molecules embedded in…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes on the rough ER synthesize proteins that leave cell…
Anatomy & Physiology: Cell Parts & Functions: Chapter 3
outer boundary; selectively permeable…
where all the activities take place -…
produces cell energy - located in the…
passageways for proteins to be moved t…
Cell membrane
cytoplasm
mitochondria
endoplasmic reticulum
outer boundary; selectively permeable…
Cell membrane
where all the activities take place -…
cytoplasm
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: Cells- Functions of Cell Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Proteasomes
Golgi Apparatus
•Passageway for transport of matierals within the cell.... •Synt…
•Site of protein synthesis
•Site of destructions of misfolded or damaged protiens
•Synthesis of carbohydrates... •Packaging of materials for secre…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
•Passageway for transport of matierals within the cell.... •Synt…
Ribosomes
•Site of protein synthesis
13 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Eukaryotic Cell Parts & Functions
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Gives cell structure and regulates movement of substances in…
Where sugar is broken down to produce chemical energy called…
Where proteins are made
Where proteins are made and transported to the golgi apparatu…
Cell Membrane
Gives cell structure and regulates movement of substances in…
Mitochondria
Where sugar is broken down to produce chemical energy called…
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I - Cell Organelles & Their Functions
Ribosomes, centrioles, and cytoskeleton
Cytoskeleton
Microfilaments
Intermediate filaments
Non-membranous organelles (there are 3 of these)
Forms the internal framework for the cell
Forms the cleveage furrow during cell division and anchors or…
Forms cell to cell connections (made of keratin)
Ribosomes, centrioles, and cytoskeleton
Non-membranous organelles (there are 3 of these)
Cytoskeleton
Forms the internal framework for the cell
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch 3 Cell Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Vesicles
S-... membrane mainly composed of protein and lipid molecules(an…
S-... particles composed of protein and RNA(not contained or com…
S-... complex of connected membrane-bound sacs, canals, and vesi…
S-... membranous sacs... F-... contain substances that recently entere…
Cell Membrane
S-... membrane mainly composed of protein and lipid molecules(an…
Ribosomes
S-... particles composed of protein and RNA(not contained or com…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3 (cell structures/functions)
cell theory
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear pores
1. all living things are made of cells ... 2. Cells are the basi…
control center, contains general DNA
double membrane surrounding the nucleus
openings in membrane that allow passage of substances into an…
cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells ... 2. Cells are the basi…
nucleus
control center, contains general DNA
58 terms
Anatomy / Physiology Chapter 3: Cell Structure and Function
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
selective permeable, barrier from surroundings
2 lipid (fat) layers, "tail to tail"
proteins stuck within bilayer (permanently connected)
proteins around, outside/inside, of bilayer (temporary connec…
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
selective permeable, barrier from surroundings
Phospholipid Bilayer
2 lipid (fat) layers, "tail to tail"
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Vocab - Cell Parts/Functions
Mitochondria
DNA -> Chromosomes
RNA
Rough E.R.
energy provider, cellular respiration
instructions/rules, 46 chromosomes, gene -> protein
bring to workers (mra, trna, rra)
has ribosomes, makes protien
Mitochondria
energy provider, cellular respiration
DNA -> Chromosomes
instructions/rules, 46 chromosomes, gene -> protein
13 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Eukaryotic Cell Parts & Functions
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Gives cell structure and regulates movement of substances in…
Where sugar is broken down to produce chemical energy called…
Where proteins are made
Where proteins are made and transported to the smooth endopla…
Cell Membrane
Gives cell structure and regulates movement of substances in…
Mitochondria
Where sugar is broken down to produce chemical energy called…
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1- Cell parts and functions
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
lipid bilayer with proteins.... surrounds cytoplasm.... Protects ce…
Cellular contents between plasma membrane and nucleus.... Site o…
Composed of water, solutes, and suspended particles-lipids an…
Specialized structure with characteristic shapes.... Each organe…
Plasma Membrane
lipid bilayer with proteins.... surrounds cytoplasm.... Protects ce…
Cytoplasm
Cellular contents between plasma membrane and nucleus.... Site o…
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
What are 3 types of proteins that form…
What is the property of phospholipids…
? Explain the fluid mosaic model of ce…
Name 4 ways in which molecules can pas…
integral, peripheral, lipid- anchored
phospholipids have two regions, one which is polar and non-po…
phospholipid bilayer with embedded protein and cholesterol wh…
by diffusion; through membrane channels; by carrier molecules…
What are 3 types of proteins that form…
integral, peripheral, lipid- anchored
What is the property of phospholipids…
phospholipids have two regions, one which is polar and non-po…
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Parts and Functions Flash Cards
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Barrier for cell contents and allow what comes in and out of…
Jelly-like substance that is the site of most cellular activi…
Powerhouse of the cell, carry out reactions where oxygen is u…
Produces protein
Plasma Membrane
Barrier for cell contents and allow what comes in and out of…
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance that is the site of most cellular activi…
13 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Eukaryotic Cell Parts & Functions
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Gives cell structure and regulates movement of substances in…
Where glucose is broken down to produce chemical energy calle…
Where proteins are made
Where proteins are made and transported to the smooth endopla…
Cell Membrane
Gives cell structure and regulates movement of substances in…
Mitochondria
Where glucose is broken down to produce chemical energy calle…
9 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Functions of cell parts
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum
Site of cellular activity
Energy supply
Protein synthesis site
Intracellular transport; manufactures membranes
Cytoplasm
Site of cellular activity
Mitochondria
Energy supply
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 3 Cell Structure & Function
Parts of a representative cell
Anatomy of plasma membrane
Two categories of proteins on plasma m…
Functions of the cell membrane
Cytoplasm (plasma membrane) subdivided into cytosol (intracel…
Phospholipid bilayer made from hydrophilic phosphate "heads"…
Carrier proteins bind & transport (passive & active) solutes…
Physical isolation, regulation of exchange with environment (…
Parts of a representative cell
Cytoplasm (plasma membrane) subdivided into cytosol (intracel…
Anatomy of plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer made from hydrophilic phosphate "heads"…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Parts of a cell and their functions
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
mitochondria
It's the "headquarters" or the main control center of the cell
The site where ribosomes are assembled
The site of most cellular activites
The "Powerhouse" of the cell because it supplies most of the…
nucleus
It's the "headquarters" or the main control center of the cell
nucleolus
The site where ribosomes are assembled
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Structure & Function Root Words
Cyt-
-elle
Extra-
Hyper-
Cell
Little, small
Outside, beyond
Excessive, above
Cyt-
Cell
-elle
Little, small
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 3: Cell Structure and Function
cytology
extracellular fluid
interstitial
cell membrane
the study of the structure and function of cells
liquid containing proteins and electrolytes including the liq…
surrounds the tissue cells of multicellular animals
separates the cell contents from the extracellular fluid
cytology
the study of the structure and function of cells
extracellular fluid
liquid containing proteins and electrolytes including the liq…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
18 terms
Anatomy&Physiology 1: Function of Cell Structures
Plasma Membrane
Microvilli
Nucleus
Nucleolus
controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
contains DNA molecules and nucleolus
assembly site for ribosomes
Plasma Membrane
controls movement of substances into and out of the cell
Microvilli
folds of the plasma membrane that increase the surface area o…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3 Cell Form & Function
Plasma Membrane
Microvilli
Cilia
Flagellum
Prevents escape of cell components; regulates exchange of mat…
Increase absorptive surface area; widespread sensory roles
Move substances along cell surface; widespread sensory roles
Sperm motility
Plasma Membrane
Prevents escape of cell components; regulates exchange of mat…
Microvilli
Increase absorptive surface area; widespread sensory roles
20 terms
Anatomy: Cells and Cell Function
Cell
Sex Cell
Somatic Cell
Plasmalemma
Building block of all organisms
Produces another cell
Any type of cell other than reproductive cell
Lipid bilayer that contains phospholipids, steroids, proteins…
Cell
Building block of all organisms
Sex Cell
Produces another cell
24 terms
Anatomy of the Cell & Cell Physiology
Mammalian cells
Cytoplasm
Proteins found in cell membrane
Rafts
Cell membrane,cytoplasm,nucleus
Cytosol,cytoskeleton,organelles
Structural and globular proteins(integral and peripheral)
Densely packed phospholipids, cholesterol, and protein
Mammalian cells
Cell membrane,cytoplasm,nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cytosol,cytoskeleton,organelles
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Vocab
organelle
nuclear membrane
cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
nuclear membrane
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
Exocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
membrane receptor molecules recognize substances to be brough…
...
Endocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
Phagocytosis
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
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