Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology nervous system"

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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology nervous system"

437 terms
Nervous system // Anatomy& Physiology
PNS
nerve
Ganglion
Endoneurium
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
group of nerve cell bodies in PNS
connective tissue sheath that surrounds each fiber
PNS
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
nerve
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 11 Nervous System Cells
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic motor
Somatic sensory
Integrates sensory information, evaluates it, and initiates a…
Nerves that lie in the "outer regions" of the nervous system
division that carries information to the somatic effectors (s…
division that carries feedback information to somatic integra…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Integrates sensory information, evaluates it, and initiates a…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Nerves that lie in the "outer regions" of the nervous system
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
Changes in the environment
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Sensory Input
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
28 terms
Structure of the Nervous System: Nerve Cell Anatomy and Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Ganglia
Formania
Brain and Spinal Cord
Nerves and Ganglia
Collection of nerve cell bodies.
Open hole or space; gaps between bones or cartlidge
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerves and Ganglia
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
Anatomy & Physiology - Nervous System
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Functions
Information Transmitted
Sensory Inout
Motor Output
Trasmitt impulses, communication, types of info
1. Sensory Input... 2. Motor Output... 3. Integration
Awareness of changes in external and internal environment thr…
Regulation of the effectors of the body in an efferent pathway
Functions
Trasmitt impulses, communication, types of info
Information Transmitted
1. Sensory Input... 2. Motor Output... 3. Integration
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Nerves that originate in the brain, There are 12
Consists of nerves going to the various organs and smooth mus…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Anatomy & Physiology (Nervous System)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory (afferent) Division
Motor (efferent) Division
Brain and Spinal Cord. Integrative & Control Center
Cranial Nerves & Spinal Nerves. Communication lines between t…
Somatic and Visceral sensory nerve fibers. Conducts impulses…
Motor nerve fibers. Conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord. Integrative & Control Center
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Cranial Nerves & Spinal Nerves. Communication lines between t…
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
What are the 3 Basic functions of the…
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Two Main Divisions of the Peripheral N…
1. Detect sensory input... 2. Integrate... 3. Produce motor ouptut
brain and spinal cord
ganglia and nerves
1. Motor Division... 2. Sensory Division
What are the 3 Basic functions of the…
1. Detect sensory input... 2. Integrate... 3. Produce motor ouptut
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Blood-brain barrier
Cerebellum
Cerebrospinal fluid
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
A filtering mechanism of the capillaries that carry blood to…
The part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates…
Clear watery fluid that fills the space between the arachnoid…
Autonomic Nervous System
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
Blood-brain barrier
A filtering mechanism of the capillaries that carry blood to…
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Nerves that originate in the brain, There are 12
Consists of nerves going to the various organs and smooth mus…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
Changes in the environment
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Sensory Input
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
58 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
neurons
nerve impulses
cell body
dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
The part of a neuron that contains the nucleus
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
nerve impulses
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System
two types of signals neurons use to co…
simple clusters of neurons
Carry info TO cell body
cell body similar to normal cells (con…
Chemical and electrical
Ganglia
Dendrites
Soma
two types of signals neurons use to co…
Chemical and electrical
simple clusters of neurons
Ganglia
35 terms
Anatomy Physiology Nervous System
Longitudinal Fissure
Cerebrum
Gryri
Sulci
2
Longitudinal Fissure
Cerebrum
Nervous System- Anatomy and Physiology
fast signal transmission, direct conne…
slower signal transmission, indirect s…
functions of the nervous system
Sensory receptors gather information,…
nervous system
endocrine system
monitors changes in environment, determines appropriate respo…
sensory function
fast signal transmission, direct conne…
nervous system
slower signal transmission, indirect s…
endocrine system
75 terms
Anatomy and physiology: nervous system
What is a potential difference?
What organic compounds are found the i…
What are chemically gated channels?
What are voltage gated channels?
the voltage measured between two points
proteins
channels that open when the appropriate neurotransmitter bind…
channels that open and close in response to changes in membra…
What is a potential difference?
the voltage measured between two points
What organic compounds are found the i…
proteins
Science Olympiad Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Cell Types
Unipolar neuron
Bipolar neuron
Multipolar neuron
Unipolar neuron
Have cell bodies in spinal and cranial nerve ganglia, sensory…
Unipolar neuron
Bipolar neuron
89 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory of Afferent Pathway
Motor or Efferent Pathway
Brain, Spinal Cord
Cranial Nerves, Spinal Nerves
Inclusive of Sense Organs... 1) Nose... 2) Ears
Somatic or voluntary (uses skeletal muscles) and autonomic or…
Central Nervous System
Brain, Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves, Spinal Nerves
Anatomy & Physiology- Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Processes and interperets
Structures in the skin and other tissues that detect changes…
A detectable change in the internal/external environment.
Nervous System
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Sensory Input
Processes and interperets
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology. The Nervous System
Efferent Nerves
Afferent Nerves
CNS is made up of what?
What are the 3 layers of meninges.
Also known as a motor nerve that carries information away fro…
Also known as a sensory nerve. It carries impulses from the s…
Brain and spinal cord
Dura mater-outer most layer.... Arachnoid mater- middle layer... Pi…
Efferent Nerves
Also known as a motor nerve that carries information away fro…
Afferent Nerves
Also known as a sensory nerve. It carries impulses from the s…
40 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Processes and interperets
Structures in the skin and other tissues that detect changes…
A detectable change in the internal/external environment.
Nervous System
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Sensory Input
Processes and interperets
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
neurons
nerve impulses
cell body
dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
The part of a neuron that contains the nucleus
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
nerve impulses
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
Anatomy & Physiology (Nervous System)
Neurons
Nerve Impulses
Cell Body
Dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Electrical signals that convey information along a neuron.
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Nerve Impulses
Electrical signals that convey information along a neuron.
Nervous system (Anatomy and Physiology)
nervous system
nervous and endocrine systems
neurologists
central nervous system
It plays a major role in homeostasis , keeping the other body…
They are responsible for communication and control throughout…
Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and pr…
It is composed of the brain and the spinal cord. It is the on…
nervous system
It plays a major role in homeostasis , keeping the other body…
nervous and endocrine systems
They are responsible for communication and control throughout…
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
General Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Afferent (sensory) Division
1. Monitors the internal and external environments... 2. Integra…
Brain and Spinal Chord
Outside of CNS, spinal nerves and cranial
Nerve fibers that send impulses to the CNS from sensory recep…
General Functions
1. Monitors the internal and external environments... 2. Integra…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Chord
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Nerves that originate in the brain, There are 12
Consists of nerves going to the various organs and smooth mus…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
97 terms
Nervous System: LCHS Anatomy and Physiology
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrites
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
depolarization and repolarization along an axon
largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
branching extensions of neuron that receives messages from ne…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Nerve Impulse
depolarization and repolarization along an axon
52 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: The Nervous System
Central nervous system (CNS)
Somatic nervous system
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Autonomic nervous system
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the cranial ne…
Subdivision of the PNS that regulates the activity of the car…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
Somatic nervous system
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
34 terms
Nervous System - Anatomy and Physiology
nerve
receptor
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
A cordlike bundle of nerve fibers that transmit impulses to a…
A sensory nerve ending (i.e. a nerve ending that receives imp…
One of the two main divisions of the nervous system, consisti…
The part of the nervous system outside the CNS, consisting of…
nerve
A cordlike bundle of nerve fibers that transmit impulses to a…
receptor
A sensory nerve ending (i.e. a nerve ending that receives imp…
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Nervous System
Function of nervous system.
Works with ____ ____ to coordinate org…
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
- Monitors body's internal and external environments ... - Integ…
endocrine system
- Brain... - Spinal Cord... - Integrates & coordinates input and ou…
- All neural tissue outside CNS... - Provides communication betw…
Function of nervous system.
- Monitors body's internal and external environments ... - Integ…
Works with ____ ____ to coordinate org…
endocrine system
Anatomy and Physiology-Nervous System
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Comprised of brain and spinal cord. integrates sensory inform…
Comprised of nerves
transmits impulses to skeletal muscles
transmits impulses to smooth and cardiac muscles SYMPATHETIC…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Comprised of brain and spinal cord. integrates sensory inform…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Comprised of nerves
54 terms
Nervous System, Anatomy & Physiology
CNS
PNS
ANS
What part of the nervous system is the…
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
brain & spinal cord
CNS
Central Nervous System
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology -- The Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System)
SNS (Somatic Nervous System)
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
ANS (Autonomic Nervous System)
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
Nervous System subdivision that is composed of the cranial an…
Subdivision of the PNS that regulates that activity of the he…
CNS (Central Nervous System)
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
SNS (Somatic Nervous System)
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
Anatomy & Physiology - Nervous system
Cerebrum
Brain Stem
Diencephalon
Corpus Callosum
frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe
mid-brain, Pons, Medulla Oblongata
Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Pineal gland
A thick band of axons that connects the two cerebral hemisphe…
Cerebrum
frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe
Brain Stem
mid-brain, Pons, Medulla Oblongata
anatomy and physiology nervous system
3 main functions of the nervous system
Central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
somatic nervous system
sensory input(sensing), integration(decision), motor output(r…
brain and spinal cord
everything else
voluntarily
3 main functions of the nervous system
sensory input(sensing), integration(decision), motor output(r…
Central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
Brainstem
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral Hemispheres
Cerebrum
the collective name for the mid-brain, pons, and medulla oblo…
a thin layer of gray matter constituting the outermost portio…
the two large masses of the cerebrum, which are essentially m…
the largest part of the mature brain, forming from the anteri…
Brainstem
the collective name for the mid-brain, pons, and medulla oblo…
Cerebral Cortex
a thin layer of gray matter constituting the outermost portio…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System
Nervous system
Endocrine
Trick
Reflex
fast, short-lived responses; quick but doesn't last
slower but much longer lasting results
left side of brain controls right side of body and vice versa
a sense and movement that does not make it to the brain
Nervous system
fast, short-lived responses; quick but doesn't last
Endocrine
slower but much longer lasting results
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
156 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
The nervous system
sensory input, integration, and motor…
sensory input
Integration
What is the master controlling and communicating system of th…
What are the 3 functions of the nervous system?
what function includes monitoring stimuli?
What function includes the interpretation of sensory output?
The nervous system
What is the master controlling and communicating system of th…
sensory input, integration, and motor…
What are the 3 functions of the nervous system?
46 terms
Anatomy and physiology: nervous system
what produces myelin in the CNS?
without myelin
with myelin
outside resting neuron
oligo dendrites
grey
white
positive
what produces myelin in the CNS?
oligo dendrites
without myelin
grey
Nervous System- Anatomy and Physiology
Function of the Nervous System
Cell body of the CNS is called ______
Cell body of the PNS is called _______…
Bundle of Neurons in the CNS is called…
Sensory, Integration, Motor
Nucleus
ganglion
Tract/fasicuius
Function of the Nervous System
Sensory, Integration, Motor
Cell body of the CNS is called ______
Nucleus
65 terms
Nervous System - Anatomy & Physiology
Internal Stimuli
External Stimuli
Sensory function
Integrative function
includes a variety of cell secretions used to communicate inf…
Environmental factors that influence metabolic changes in cel…
gathers information... detecting stimuli
information is brought together... interpreting stimuli
Internal Stimuli
includes a variety of cell secretions used to communicate inf…
External Stimuli
Environmental factors that influence metabolic changes in cel…
51 terms
Anatomy and physiology- nervous system
Nervous system
Nerves
Neurons
Neurology
Well organized system that is responsible for coordinating al…
fine fibers of the human body
Nerve cell. The primary structural unit of the nervous system…
The scientific study of the structure, function, and patholog…
Nervous system
Well organized system that is responsible for coordinating al…
Nerves
fine fibers of the human body
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