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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology nervous system"

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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology nervous system"

177 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Nervous System
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
437 terms
Nervous system // Anatomy& Physiology
PNS
nerve
Ganglion
Endoneurium
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
group of nerve cell bodies in PNS
connective tissue sheath that surrounds each fiber
PNS
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
nerve
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 11 Nervous System Cells
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic motor
Somatic sensory
Integrates sensory information, evaluates it, and initiates a…
Nerves that lie in the "outer regions" of the nervous system
division that carries information to the somatic effectors (s…
division that carries feedback information to somatic integra…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Integrates sensory information, evaluates it, and initiates a…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Nerves that lie in the "outer regions" of the nervous system
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
Changes in the environment
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Sensory Input
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
28 terms
Structure of the Nervous System: Nerve Cell Anatomy and Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Ganglia
Formania
Brain and Spinal Cord
Nerves and Ganglia
Collection of nerve cell bodies.
Open hole or space; gaps between bones or cartlidge
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerves and Ganglia
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Functions
Information Transmitted
Sensory Inout
Motor Output
Trasmitt impulses, communication, types of info
1. Sensory Input... 2. Motor Output... 3. Integration
Awareness of changes in external and internal environment thr…
Regulation of the effectors of the body in an efferent pathway
Functions
Trasmitt impulses, communication, types of info
Information Transmitted
1. Sensory Input... 2. Motor Output... 3. Integration
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (Nervous System)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory (afferent) Division
Motor (efferent) Division
Brain and Spinal Cord. Integrative & Control Center
Cranial Nerves & Spinal Nerves. Communication lines between t…
Somatic and Visceral sensory nerve fibers. Conducts impulses…
Motor nerve fibers. Conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord. Integrative & Control Center
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Cranial Nerves & Spinal Nerves. Communication lines between t…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Blood-brain barrier
Cerebellum
Cerebrospinal fluid
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
A filtering mechanism of the capillaries that carry blood to…
The part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates…
Clear watery fluid that fills the space between the arachnoid…
Autonomic Nervous System
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
Blood-brain barrier
A filtering mechanism of the capillaries that carry blood to…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System
two types of signals neurons use to co…
simple clusters of neurons
Carry info TO cell body
cell body similar to normal cells (con…
Chemical and electrical
Ganglia
Dendrites
Soma
two types of signals neurons use to co…
Chemical and electrical
simple clusters of neurons
Ganglia
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
Changes in the environment
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Sensory Input
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
75 terms
Anatomy and physiology: nervous system
What is a potential difference?
What organic compounds are found the i…
What are chemically gated channels?
What are voltage gated channels?
the voltage measured between two points
proteins
channels that open when the appropriate neurotransmitter bind…
channels that open and close in response to changes in membra…
What is a potential difference?
the voltage measured between two points
What organic compounds are found the i…
proteins
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Nerves that originate in the brain, There are 12
Consists of nerves going to the various organs and smooth mus…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Nervous System
function
what does the nervous system contain?
oligodendrocytes
ependymal cells
sends messages electrically and chemically
-brain... -spinal cord... -nerves... -ganglia
produce myelin
line spaces within the nervous system called ventricles. Cere…
function
sends messages electrically and chemically
what does the nervous system contain?
-brain... -spinal cord... -nerves... -ganglia
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Nerves that originate in the brain, There are 12
Consists of nerves going to the various organs and smooth mus…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
63 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
neurons
nerve impulses
cell body
dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
The part of a neuron that contains the nucleus
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
nerve impulses
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
40 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Processes and interperets
Structures in the skin and other tissues that detect changes…
A detectable change in the internal/external environment.
Nervous System
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Sensory Input
Processes and interperets
35 terms
Anatomy Physiology Nervous System
Longitudinal Fissure
Cerebrum
Gryri
Sulci
2
Longitudinal Fissure
Cerebrum
65 terms
Nervous System - Anatomy & Physiology
Internal Stimuli
External Stimuli
Sensory function
Integrative function
includes a variety of cell secretions used to communicate inf…
Environmental factors that influence metabolic changes in cel…
gathers information... detecting stimuli
information is brought together... interpreting stimuli
Internal Stimuli
includes a variety of cell secretions used to communicate inf…
External Stimuli
Environmental factors that influence metabolic changes in cel…
40 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Nervous System
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Sensory Receptors
Stimuli
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Processes and interperets
Structures in the skin and other tissues that detect changes…
A detectable change in the internal/external environment.
Nervous System
Master cotrolling and communicating system of the body
Sensory Input
Processes and interperets
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
Communication and control systems of t…
Endocrine system
Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) is mad…
Endocrine & Nervous system
Chemical signals: hormones... slow
Nervous impulses... fast
Somatic or voluntary and Autonomic or involuntary systems
Communication and control systems of t…
Endocrine & Nervous system
Endocrine system
Chemical signals: hormones... slow
131 terms
Anatomy & Physiology/Nervous System
Functions of the Nervous system
Type of Nervous System Functions
Peripheral Nervous System
12 Cranial Nerves
To remain balance through homeostasis... Detect changes and feel…
Sensory functions... Integrative function... Motor Function
12 pairs of Cranial Nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
Olfactory (odor), Optic (light & color), Oculomotor (vertical…
Functions of the Nervous system
To remain balance through homeostasis... Detect changes and feel…
Type of Nervous System Functions
Sensory functions... Integrative function... Motor Function
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology. The Nervous System
Efferent Nerves
Afferent Nerves
CNS is made up of what?
What are the 3 layers of meninges.
Also known as a motor nerve that carries information away fro…
Also known as a sensory nerve. It carries impulses from the s…
Brain and spinal cord
Dura mater-outer most layer.... Arachnoid mater- middle layer... Pi…
Efferent Nerves
Also known as a motor nerve that carries information away fro…
Afferent Nerves
Also known as a sensory nerve. It carries impulses from the s…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
46 terms
Anatomy and physiology: nervous system
what produces myelin in the CNS?
without myelin
with myelin
outside resting neuron
oligo dendrites
grey
white
positive
what produces myelin in the CNS?
oligo dendrites
without myelin
grey
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
81 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Nervous System
Precentral Gyrus
Prefrontal Cortex
Broca's Area
Postcentral Gyrus
primary motor cortex for voluntary muscle activation; located…
controls emotions and judgements; located in the frontal lobe
controls motor aspects of speech; located in the frontal lobe
primary sensory cortex for integration of sensation; located…
Precentral Gyrus
primary motor cortex for voluntary muscle activation; located…
Prefrontal Cortex
controls emotions and judgements; located in the frontal lobe
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
96 terms
Nervous System- Anatomy and Physiology
fast signal transmission, direct conne…
slower signal transmission, indirect s…
functions of the nervous system
Sensory receptors gather information,…
nervous system
endocrine system
monitors changes in environment, determines appropriate respo…
sensory function
fast signal transmission, direct conne…
nervous system
slower signal transmission, indirect s…
endocrine system
89 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory of Afferent Pathway
Motor or Efferent Pathway
Brain, Spinal Cord
Cranial Nerves, Spinal Nerves
Inclusive of Sense Organs... 1) Nose... 2) Ears
Somatic or voluntary (uses skeletal muscles) and autonomic or…
Central Nervous System
Brain, Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves, Spinal Nerves
97 terms
Nervous System: LCHS Anatomy and Physiology
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrites
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
depolarization and repolarization along an axon
largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
branching extensions of neuron that receives messages from ne…
Neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
Nerve Impulse
depolarization and repolarization along an axon
78 terms
Anatomy: Nervous System Physiology
Dendrite
Cell body/soma
Axon hillock
Axon
short branches that receive incoming signals; front of cell b…
contains: nucleus, cytoplasm w mitochondria, nissil bodies (m…
where action potentials begin; after cell body
long extension of cytoplasm; action potentials travel toward…
Dendrite
short branches that receive incoming signals; front of cell b…
Cell body/soma
contains: nucleus, cytoplasm w mitochondria, nissil bodies (m…
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
What is peripheral nervous system
What structure in the nervous system "…
What is the difference between sensory…
What is the function of Somatic motors…
It is any nervous structure found in the body that is not bra…
Brain make decisions.... Spine carry out orders
Sensory nerves send signals from receptors to the spinal cord…
They are the nerves responsible for the voluntary control of…
What is peripheral nervous system
It is any nervous structure found in the body that is not bra…
What structure in the nervous system "…
Brain make decisions.... Spine carry out orders
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
Brainstem
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral Hemispheres
Cerebrum
the collective name for the mid-brain, pons, and medulla oblo…
a thin layer of gray matter constituting the outermost portio…
the two large masses of the cerebrum, which are essentially m…
the largest part of the mature brain, forming from the anteri…
Brainstem
the collective name for the mid-brain, pons, and medulla oblo…
Cerebral Cortex
a thin layer of gray matter constituting the outermost portio…
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
Nerves that originate in the brain, There are 12
Consists of nerves going to the various organs and smooth mus…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerves extending from the spinal cord and brain t…
73 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
General Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Afferent (sensory) Division
1. Monitors the internal and external environments... 2. Integra…
Brain and Spinal Chord
Outside of CNS, spinal nerves and cranial
Nerve fibers that send impulses to the CNS from sensory recep…
General Functions
1. Monitors the internal and external environments... 2. Integra…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Chord
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-the nervous system
Neurons
cell body
Dendrites
axon
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
the part of the neurons that contain the nucleus, dendrites,…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
Carries impulses away from the cell body and to other neurons
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
cell body
the part of the neurons that contain the nucleus, dendrites,…
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Nervous System
neurons
nerve impulses
cell body
dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
The part of a neuron that contains the nucleus
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
nerve impulses
Self-propagating wave of electrical disturbance that travels…
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology -- The Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System)
SNS (Somatic Nervous System)
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
ANS (Autonomic Nervous System)
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
Nervous System subdivision that is composed of the cranial an…
Subdivision of the PNS that regulates that activity of the he…
CNS (Central Nervous System)
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
SNS (Somatic Nervous System)
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
54 terms
Nervous System, Anatomy & Physiology
CNS
PNS
ANS
What part of the nervous system is the…
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
brain & spinal cord
CNS
Central Nervous System
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Nervous System
Nervous system
Endocrine
Trick
Reflex
fast, short-lived responses; quick but doesn't last
slower but much longer lasting results
left side of brain controls right side of body and vice versa
a sense and movement that does not make it to the brain
Nervous system
fast, short-lived responses; quick but doesn't last
Endocrine
slower but much longer lasting results
156 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
The nervous system
sensory input, integration, and motor…
sensory input
Integration
What is the master controlling and communicating system of th…
What are the 3 functions of the nervous system?
what function includes monitoring stimuli?
What function includes the interpretation of sensory output?
The nervous system
What is the master controlling and communicating system of th…
sensory input, integration, and motor…
What are the 3 functions of the nervous system?
8 terms
Anatomy & Physiology nervous system
Multi
Bi
Uni
Dendrites
Many
Two
One
Little trees
Multi
Many
Bi
Two
51 terms
Nervous System- Anatomy and Physiology
Function of the Nervous System
Cell body of the CNS is called ______
Cell body of the PNS is called _______…
Bundle of Neurons in the CNS is called…
Sensory, Integration, Motor
Nucleus
ganglion
Tract/fasicuius
Function of the Nervous System
Sensory, Integration, Motor
Cell body of the CNS is called ______
Nucleus
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (Nervous System)
Neurons
Nerve Impulses
Cell Body
Dendrites
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Electrical signals that convey information along a neuron.
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
Neurons
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Nerve Impulses
Electrical signals that convey information along a neuron.
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