Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology organization"

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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology organization"

Anatomy and Physiology: Organization of Cells: Tissues
cell
tissue
organ
system
basic unit of structure and function of living things
group of similar cells that perform a similar function
group of two or more tissues into structural and functional u…
group of organs that work together to perform related functions
cell
basic unit of structure and function of living things
tissue
group of similar cells that perform a similar function
Anatomy and Physiology, Cells/Tissues/Organs
cytology
cells
tissues
organs
study of cells
smallest unit of structure and function in living organisms
specialized cells that group together
groups of tissues that work together for common purposes
cytology
study of cells
cells
smallest unit of structure and function in living organisms
33 terms
Anatomy and physiology- cells, tissues, & organs
Abductors
Absorption
Adductors
Adipose tissue
Muscles that draw a body part away from the midline of anothe…
Transport digested food into the circulatory system to feed t…
Muscles that draw a body part towards the midline of another…
A specialized connective tissue considered fat, which gives s…
Abductors
Muscles that draw a body part away from the midline of anothe…
Absorption
Transport digested food into the circulatory system to feed t…
178 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cells, Tissues and Organs
cells
What's the cell theory
tissues
organs
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
1) All living things are made up of one or more cells.... 2) Cel…
a group of cells that look alike and work together
groups of tissues that work together to do a special job
cells
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
What's the cell theory
1) All living things are made up of one or more cells.... 2) Cel…
Anatomy and Physiology Cells, Tissues and Organs
anatomy
physiology
histology
cells
the study of human body structures that can be seen with the…
the study of the structure and functions and activities perfo…
also knwn as microscoptic anatomy, , its the study of tiny st…
the basic unit of all living things
anatomy
the study of human body structures that can be seen with the…
physiology
the study of the structure and functions and activities perfo…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology tissues and organs and cells
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosomes
Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein; floating f…
Membranous system of tubules that extends throughout the cyto…
Stack of flattened sacs with bulbous ends and associated smal…
Various sized membranous sacs containing digestive enzymes in…
Ribosomes
Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein; floating f…
Endoplasmic reticulum
Membranous system of tubules that extends throughout the cyto…
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cells, Tissues, and Organs
ATP
Carbohydrate
Cell
Chromosome
The energy compound of the cell that stores energy needed for…
The category of organic compounds that includes sugar and sta…
The basic structural and functional unit of the living organi…
A thread-like body in a cell's nucleus that contains genetic…
ATP
The energy compound of the cell that stores energy needed for…
Carbohydrate
The category of organic compounds that includes sugar and sta…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Chemistry: Organic molecules
Organic Molecule
Carbon
Lipid
Fatty Acids
the building blocks of the human cell;... 4 major classes (macro…
the structure of the carbon atom gives it unique bonding prop…
hydrophobic;... 5 classes (phospholipids and glycolipids, fatty…
important in energy storage and as building blocks
Organic Molecule
the building blocks of the human cell;... 4 major classes (macro…
Carbon
the structure of the carbon atom gives it unique bonding prop…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY cells, tissues, and organ systems
The three main parts of a cell are:
Cytoplasm
plasma membrane
Ribosomes
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
The internal living material of cells
is the membrane that encloses the cytoplasm and forms the out…
Synthesis proteins; a cells protein factories
The three main parts of a cell are:
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
Cytoplasm
The internal living material of cells
Cells, Organs, and Molecules: Anatomy and Physiology of the Immune System
erythrocytes
platelets
leukocytes
mononuclear cells
red blood cells... ~5x10^12/L of blood
fragments derived from megakaryocytes, involved in clotting
nucleated cells of the blood; white blood cells ... sediment on…
leukocytes whose nucleus has a smooth outline; monocytes (imm…
erythrocytes
red blood cells... ~5x10^12/L of blood
platelets
fragments derived from megakaryocytes, involved in clotting
35 terms
Cells, Organs, and Molecules: Anatomy and Physiology of the Immune System
What is the concentration of RBCs in t…
What is the concentration of platelets…
Which three types of cells are granulo…
What are the two most common types of…
(5*10^12)/L
150,000-400000/uL
neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
neutrophils, followed by lymphocytes
What is the concentration of RBCs in t…
(5*10^12)/L
What is the concentration of platelets…
150,000-400000/uL
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Body Organization
Anatomical Position
Body Regions
Directional terms
Planes and sections
Anatomical Position
Body Regions
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Vocab
organelle
nuclear membrane
cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
nuclear membrane
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
100 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cell Anatomy
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibration
Process of moving substances through cell membranes... Do not re…
A natural phenomenon caused by the tendency of small particle…
Difference in concentration from one area to another
A dynamic form of equilibrium in which both solutions have eq…
Passive Transport
Process of moving substances through cell membranes... Do not re…
Diffusion
A natural phenomenon caused by the tendency of small particle…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Organ Systems
Integumentary system
skeletal system
muscular system
nervous system
protects against disease ... eliminates disease
endocrine regulation ... blood cell production
support movement ... circulates blood
regulates metabolism ... regulates breathing
Integumentary system
protects against disease ... eliminates disease
skeletal system
endocrine regulation ... blood cell production
Anatomy & Physiology: Cell Physiology
What does the cytoplasm consist of?
Homeostasis:
Metabolism:
What does semipermeable mean?
aqueous cytosol
maintaining a constant internal environment in relation to th…
anabolic and catabolic reactions catalyzed by enzymes
To allow some molecules through to the cell, and not allow ot…
What does the cytoplasm consist of?
aqueous cytosol
Homeostasis:
maintaining a constant internal environment in relation to th…
10 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - Levels of Organization
subatomic particles
atom
molecule
macromolecule
1.) electrons, protons, neutrons
2.) hydrogen atom, lithium atom
3.) water molecule, glucose molecule
4.) protein molecule, DNA molecule
subatomic particles
1.) electrons, protons, neutrons
atom
2.) hydrogen atom, lithium atom
53 terms
Cells (Anatomy & Physiology)
Cytology
Modern Cell Theory
Intracellular Fluid/ Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Study of cells
*All organisms are composed of cells... *The cell is the simples…
Jelly-like fluid that holds cellular organelles
-Framework of protein filaments and tubules... -Act as a monorai…
Cytology
Study of cells
Modern Cell Theory
*All organisms are composed of cells... *The cell is the simples…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
Exocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
membrane receptor molecules recognize substances to be brough…
...
Endocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
Phagocytosis
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
12 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
Anatomy and Physiology Organization
anatomy
physiology
chemical level
atoms
science of structure and relationships among structures
study of body functions
atoms and molecules
smallest units of matter in chemical reactions
anatomy
science of structure and relationships among structures
physiology
study of body functions
16 terms
Anatomy Cell Anatomy/Physiology
osmosis
osmolarity
importance of osmosis:
filtration
simple diffusion of water thru semi permeable memrane
measure of concentration of solute molecules
change in cell volume disrupts cell function
water and solutes are forced through a membrane by fluid or h…
osmosis
simple diffusion of water thru semi permeable memrane
osmolarity
measure of concentration of solute molecules
11 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 (Ch.20) - Lymphatic - Lymphoid Cells, Tissues and Organs
Lymphoid Cells:
Lymphocytes
Macrophages
Dendritic Cells
-Lymphocytes... -Macrophages... -Dendritic Cells... -Reticular Cells
-Main warriors of the immune system... -Primary immune cells
-Play crucial role in body protection and the immune response…
-Capture antigens and bring them back to the lymph nodes... -Ant…
Lymphoid Cells:
-Lymphocytes... -Macrophages... -Dendritic Cells... -Reticular Cells
Lymphocytes
-Main warriors of the immune system... -Primary immune cells
70 terms
Anatomy and physiology organization of body
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Embryology
The study of body structures and how they relate to one another
The function of body structures
The study of structure seen with the naked eye
The study from conception to the first 8 weeks in utero
Anatomy
The study of body structures and how they relate to one another
Physiology
The function of body structures
Organ Systems - Anatomy and Physiology
Nervous System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Circulatory System
Network of nerve cells and fibers that transmit nerve impulse…
Skeleton of the human body. Provides strength.
Consists of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles.
Circulates blood, and lymph through the body, consisting of h…
Nervous System
Network of nerve cells and fibers that transmit nerve impulse…
Skeletal System
Skeleton of the human body. Provides strength.
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Levels of Organization
Levels of Organization
Atoms
Cells
Chemical Level
1. chemical 2. cellular 3. tissue 4. organ 5. organ system 6.…
smallest stable units of matter
smallest living units in the body
atoms can combine to form molecules with complex shapes
Levels of Organization
1. chemical 2. cellular 3. tissue 4. organ 5. organ system 6.…
Atoms
smallest stable units of matter
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organs/Organ Systems
integumentary system
skeletal system
muscular system
nervous system
consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail, large…
protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
the bodily system that in vertebrates is made up of the brain…
integumentary system
consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail, large…
skeletal system
protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal Organization
What are the two major portions of the…
What are the four main parts of the ax…
What is the skull composed of?
What is the hyoid bone?
The axial, and appendicular portion.
The skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, and the thorax.
The cranium, and facial bones.
It is located betweeen the neck and lower jaw, it is fixed in…
What are the two major portions of the…
The axial, and appendicular portion.
What are the four main parts of the ax…
The skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, and the thorax.
32 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Level of Organization/ Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Prehensile
Atom
The branch of science dealing with the form and structure of…
The study of body function
capable of grasping
The smallest particle of an element that has the properties o…
Anatomy
The branch of science dealing with the form and structure of…
Physiology
The study of body function
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organ Systems
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Digestive
Skin:... Protection, temperature Regulation, sensation
Bones and Ligaments:... Support, Protection, movement, mineral/f…
Skeletal muscle, tendons:... Movement, posture, heat production
Stomach, Intestines, esophagus, liver, mouth, pancreas:... Break…
Integumentary
Skin:... Protection, temperature Regulation, sensation
Skeletal
Bones and Ligaments:... Support, Protection, movement, mineral/f…
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Organization of the Body
Anatomy
Morphology/Surface Anatomy
Macroscopic/Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
the study of the body structure: size, shape and makeup
the form, shape and markings of the body's surface
can be seen with the naked eye
cannot be seen with the naked eye
Anatomy
the study of the body structure: size, shape and makeup
Morphology/Surface Anatomy
the form, shape and markings of the body's surface
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Anatomy and Physiology Organ Systems
Organ System
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail, large…
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
Organ System
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
Integumentary
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail, large…
41 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Organs and Systems
Endocrine System
Reproductive System
Cardiovascular System
Digestive System
pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, pancreas. Name the system.
testes, penis, ovaries, uterus. Name the system.
heart, arteries, veins. Name the system.
esophagus, stomach, large and small intestines. Name the syst…
Endocrine System
pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, pancreas. Name the system.
Reproductive System
testes, penis, ovaries, uterus. Name the system.
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organ Systems
Nervous System
Nervous System
Nervous System
Cardiovascular System
A regulatory system that controls body movement, responds to…
Responsible for consciousness, intelligence, and memory.
Includes: Brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
Includes: Heart, capillaries, veins, and arteries.
Nervous System
A regulatory system that controls body movement, responds to…
Nervous System
Responsible for consciousness, intelligence, and memory.
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Structures
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Anatomy
Microvilli
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Cilia
Small folds in the plasma membrane that increase the surface…
Paired organelles composed of microtubules.
Structural support and anchorage of the organelles.
Short, hairlike projections that extend from the plasma membr…
Microvilli
Small folds in the plasma membrane that increase the surface…
Centrioles
Paired organelles composed of microtubules.
25 terms
Cell Anatomy & Physiology
human cell organization
Cell Membrane
cell membrane image
Cilia
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm; cytosol, organelles
Lipid Bilayer (double layer)... made up mainly of phospholipids…
short, hair-like projections from the cell membrane... move flu…
human cell organization
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm; cytosol, organelles
Cell Membrane
Lipid Bilayer (double layer)... made up mainly of phospholipids…
14 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
30 terms
JT Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Division
DNA Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Cell division
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
1st phase of mitosis
DNA Replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Mitosis
Cell division
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
- period between cell divisions when a cell metabolizes and p…
- stage of mitosis when chromosomes become visable
- stage in mitosis when chromosomes align in the middle of th…
- stage in mitosis when duplicate chromosomes move to opposit…
interphase
- period between cell divisions when a cell metabolizes and p…
prophase
- stage of mitosis when chromosomes become visable
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