Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "cell anatomy physiology"

30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Vocab
organelle
nuclear membrane
cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
nuclear membrane
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
53 terms
Cells (Anatomy & Physiology)
Cytology
Modern Cell Theory
Intracellular Fluid/ Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Study of cells
*All organisms are composed of cells... *The cell is the simples…
Jelly-like fluid that holds cellular organelles
-Framework of protein filaments and tubules... -Act as a monorai…
Cytology
Study of cells
Modern Cell Theory
*All organisms are composed of cells... *The cell is the simples…
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
Exocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
membrane receptor molecules recognize substances to be brough…
...
Endocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
Phagocytosis
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
12 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
Anatomy & Physiology: Cell Physiology
What does the cytoplasm consist of?
Homeostasis:
Metabolism:
What does semipermeable mean?
aqueous cytosol
maintaining a constant internal environment in relation to th…
anabolic and catabolic reactions catalyzed by enzymes
To allow some molecules through to the cell, and not allow ot…
What does the cytoplasm consist of?
aqueous cytosol
Homeostasis:
maintaining a constant internal environment in relation to th…
100 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Cell Anatomy
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibration
Process of moving substances through cell membranes... Do not re…
A natural phenomenon caused by the tendency of small particle…
Difference in concentration from one area to another
A dynamic form of equilibrium in which both solutions have eq…
Passive Transport
Process of moving substances through cell membranes... Do not re…
Diffusion
A natural phenomenon caused by the tendency of small particle…
32 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
16 terms
Anatomy Cell Anatomy/Physiology
osmosis
osmolarity
importance of osmosis:
filtration
simple diffusion of water thru semi permeable memrane
measure of concentration of solute molecules
change in cell volume disrupts cell function
water and solutes are forced through a membrane by fluid or h…
osmosis
simple diffusion of water thru semi permeable memrane
osmolarity
measure of concentration of solute molecules
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Anatomy
Microvilli
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Cilia
Small folds in the plasma membrane that increase the surface…
Paired organelles composed of microtubules.
Structural support and anchorage of the organelles.
Short, hairlike projections that extend from the plasma membr…
Microvilli
Small folds in the plasma membrane that increase the surface…
Centrioles
Paired organelles composed of microtubules.
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
25 terms
Cell Anatomy & Physiology
human cell organization
Cell Membrane
cell membrane image
Cilia
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm; cytosol, organelles
Lipid Bilayer (double layer)... made up mainly of phospholipids…
short, hair-like projections from the cell membrane... move flu…
human cell organization
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm; cytosol, organelles
Cell Membrane
Lipid Bilayer (double layer)... made up mainly of phospholipids…
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
- period between cell divisions when a cell metabolizes and p…
- stage of mitosis when chromosomes become visable
- stage in mitosis when chromosomes align in the middle of th…
- stage in mitosis when duplicate chromosomes move to opposit…
interphase
- period between cell divisions when a cell metabolizes and p…
prophase
- stage of mitosis when chromosomes become visable
Anatomy & Physiology ( The Cell Test)
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Contains DNA - The control center/brain of the cell.
Surrounds the nucleus; controls what goes in and out of the n…
Cell Wall
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Division
DNA Replication
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Cell division
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
1st phase of mitosis
DNA Replication
DNA unzips into two parts and splits with the cell. In it's n…
Mitosis
Cell division
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Structures
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
39 terms
Cell- Medical Anatomy and Physiology
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Diffusion
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Diffusion of water
Movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through…
Passive Transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Cell anatomy/physiology
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Mitochondrion
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Involved in metabolism and production of lipid and steroid ho…
Creates cellular energy by synthesizing ATP (cellular respira…
Controls cell activity by regulating gene expression; contain…
Rewrites rRNA and combines it with proteins to create incompl…
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Involved in metabolism and production of lipid and steroid ho…
Mitochondrion
Creates cellular energy by synthesizing ATP (cellular respira…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cells
Cell membrane is composed of
4 Passive transport mechanisms
The most common transport mechanism
Diffusion
A semi permeable bi-layer of phospholipids
Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, Filtration, and Osmosis
Diffusion
Substances move from higher to lower concentration to bring a…
Cell membrane is composed of
A semi permeable bi-layer of phospholipids
4 Passive transport mechanisms
Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, Filtration, and Osmosis
57 terms
Cell Structure - Anatomy and Physiology
The Cell Theory
Principal Of Complementarity
Cells
Anatomy Of The Cell
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
Biochemical activities are dictated by the nucleus.
Carry out all activities to sustain life. They are the buildi…
Cells are divided into three main regions - NUCLEUS, CYTOPLAS…
The Cell Theory
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
Principal Of Complementarity
Biochemical activities are dictated by the nucleus.
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
30 terms
JT Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
Exocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
membrane receptor molecules recognize substances to be brough…
...
Endocytosis
the plasma membrane "traps" some extracellular material and b…
Phagocytosis
large particles are engulfed by the plasma membrane and enter…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 - Cells
Mitosis
Microvilli
Hypertonic
Organelles
Process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
Tiny projections on the free surface of some epithelial cells…
Excessive, above normal, tone or tension\nContains higher con…
Small cellular structures (ribosomes, mitochondria, and other…
Mitosis
Process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
Microvilli
Tiny projections on the free surface of some epithelial cells…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
110 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Cell Review
ROUGH ER
CYTOPLASM
NUCLEOLUS
CHROMOSOME
Transports proteins through the cell
Jelly-like interior of the cell where reactions take place
Found in nucleus; makes ribosomes
Tightly coiled, visible DNA, present during cell division
ROUGH ER
Transports proteins through the cell
CYTOPLASM
Jelly-like interior of the cell where reactions take place
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
19 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Organlles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
A dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
A thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the…
Also known as the nuclear envelope, nucleolemma or karyotheca…
Nucleus
A dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Chromosomes
Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Anatomy and Physiology - Tissue Cells
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Cells
Cell Organelles
Cell Membrane
Nuclear Membrane
Cell
little organs; the collection of membrane-bound functional st…
Encloses contents of the cell, regulating the flow of substan…
A two-layered membrane with pores through which substances en…
A basic structural and functional unit of the body. Contains…
Cell Organelles
little organs; the collection of membrane-bound functional st…
Cell Membrane
Encloses contents of the cell, regulating the flow of substan…
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cell Part Terms
Cell Membrane
Centrioles
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Provides a protective barrier; separates cell contents from t…
Paired cylindrical bodies that lie at right angles, close to…
Genetic material composed of DNA and proteins that condense t…
Made of protein and single DNA; carries the genes in a linear…
Cell Membrane
Provides a protective barrier; separates cell contents from t…
Centrioles
Paired cylindrical bodies that lie at right angles, close to…
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Structure
A typical cell is called..
A composite cell varies in..
Membranous organelles
Nonmembranous Organelles
A composite cell
Size, Structure, and Function
What are sacs and canals that are made of the same materials…
Are made up of microscopic filaments or other nonmembranous m…
A typical cell is called..
A composite cell
A composite cell varies in..
Size, Structure, and Function
22 terms
Anatomy and physiology: Transport and Cells
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
Serves as an external cell barrier, and acts in transport of…
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles
Liquid medium that hold organelles in place; site of most cel…
Control center of the cell; responsible for transmitting gene…
Plasma Membrane
Serves as an external cell barrier, and acts in transport of…
Cytoplasm
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles
95 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Cells Lab
3 shapes of epithelial tissue
allows materials to pass trough by dif…
secretion and absorption (filters bloo…
absorption and secretion of mucus... cili…
squamos, cuboidal, columnar
Function of simple squamos epithelium (alveoli)
Function of simple cuboidal epithelium (kidneys)
Function of simple columnar epithelium (intenstine)
3 shapes of epithelial tissue
squamos, cuboidal, columnar
allows materials to pass trough by dif…
Function of simple squamos epithelium (alveoli)
39 terms
physiology anatomy of the cell
selectively permeable, made of phospho…
responsible for the selective permeabi…
1) Channel protein makes it possible f…
very thick, extremely sturdy, ... ii. Ma…
Cell membrane
phospholipids
proteins
cell wall
selectively permeable, made of phospho…
Cell membrane
responsible for the selective permeabi…
phospholipids
Anatomy and Physiology Cells and Tissues
Four types of tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
•Always touches space... • Protection, absorption, secretion, ex…
•Single layer of thin, flat cells... •Substances pass through ea…
•Single layer of cube shaped cells... •Usually have centrally lo…
Four types of tissue
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
Epithelial Tissue
•Always touches space... • Protection, absorption, secretion, ex…
Cell Anatomy & Physiology
3 Major Parts to the Cell
PLASMA MEMBRANE
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
Plasma membrane, Nucleus, and Cytoplasm
Flexible outer surface
Control center of the cell
All cells contents between the plasma membrane and nucleus--…
3 Major Parts to the Cell
Plasma membrane, Nucleus, and Cytoplasm
PLASMA MEMBRANE
Flexible outer surface
Anatomy and Physiology Cell
Cell Membrane
Ribosomoes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
golgi apparatus
mainly composed of protein and lipid molecules. Maintains the…
Particles composed of RNA and protein molecules. Synthesize p…
Complex canals that transport material within the cell, provi…
flattened membranous sacs that package and modify protein for…
Cell Membrane
mainly composed of protein and lipid molecules. Maintains the…
Ribosomoes
Particles composed of RNA and protein molecules. Synthesize p…
Anatomy and physiology cell vocab.
Plasma membrane
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Glycocalyx (cell coat)
Membrane composed of phospholipids, cholesterol & proteins th…
Moleucules or portions of molecules that interact with water…
Molecules that interact only with nonpolar molecules
Layer of externally facing glycoprotein on a cells plasma mem…
Plasma membrane
Membrane composed of phospholipids, cholesterol & proteins th…
Hydrophilic
Moleucules or portions of molecules that interact with water…
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