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Study sets matching "cell biol organization 1"

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Study sets matching "cell biol organization 1"

28 terms
Biology- Topic 1- Organisms and cells
Respiration
Feeding
Growth
Excretion
Obtaining energy from food, occurs in all cells all the time,…
Consuming material for processes
Irreversible increase in mass
Getting rid of waste products
Respiration
Obtaining energy from food, occurs in all cells all the time,…
Feeding
Consuming material for processes
37 terms
Biology Cell Structures and organization
Cell
Organelles
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
Organisms whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-bo…
Organisms whose cells lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
Organelles
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
25 terms
Cell Biology: test 1 - Nuclear Organization
nucleoplasm(1), nucleolus (2)
boundary
nucleoplasm
nucleoplasm
Histone proteins are located throughout the ___(1), but appea…
The nucleoplasm and nucleolus are separate, but there is no _…
The function of the ______ is to contain the genetic informat…
Contains RNA Pol II (mRNA)
nucleoplasm(1), nucleolus (2)
Histone proteins are located throughout the ___(1), but appea…
boundary
The nucleoplasm and nucleolus are separate, but there is no _…
23 terms
Biology topic 1: cells and organisms
What do all organisms do?
What is MRS GRENC?
What are all living organisms composed…
Nucleus
MRS GRENC
movement, releasing, sensitivity, growth, reproduction, excre…
cells
contains DNA which contains the function of the cell
What do all organisms do?
MRS GRENC
What is MRS GRENC?
movement, releasing, sensitivity, growth, reproduction, excre…
60 terms
Cell Biology Exam 1 Organization of the Cell
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell size
Prokaryote
Basic unit of life
All organisms are composed of cells and all cells come from p…
0.1-100 um, need large surface/volume ratio, larger organisms…
Bacteria and Archaea, 0.1-10um, cell membrane, ribosomes, cyt…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Theory
All organisms are composed of cells and all cells come from p…
32 terms
1 - The Biology and Genetics of Cells and Organisms
In a hypothetical cross between two fr…
which mutation would be MOST LIKELY to…
Many cancer cells exhibit ANEUPLOIDY,…
somatic mutations CANNOT be...
the red-eyed trait is DOMINANT to white eyes
a mutation in an INTRON of a gene coding for DNA repair
have an ABNORMAL NUMBER of chromosomes
passed on from parent to child... (NON-heritable)
In a hypothetical cross between two fr…
the red-eyed trait is DOMINANT to white eyes
which mutation would be MOST LIKELY to…
a mutation in an INTRON of a gene coding for DNA repair
39 terms
2.1 Cell Structure and organization (IGCSE Biology 0610)
vacuole
ribosome
cell membrane
cell wall
vacuole
ribosome
27 terms
Honors Biology: Cells and Organisms
Neuron
Muscle cell
Xylem
Phloem
A cell that has the structure and properties to conduct signa…
A cell that can contract, either on its own or when stimulate…
Vascular tissue in plants that conducts water and minerals up…
Vascular tissue in plants that transports sugar and nutrients…
Neuron
A cell that has the structure and properties to conduct signa…
Muscle cell
A cell that can contract, either on its own or when stimulate…
15 terms
Cell to organism - Preliminary biology
specialized cell
tissue
Organ
organ system
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
A collection of different tissues that all work together to p…
A collection of different organs that all worked together to…
specialized cell
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
tissue
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
16 terms
GSCE AQA Biology 1 cells, tissues and organs
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
controls all the activities of the cell. contains the genes o…
a liquid gel in which most of the reactions needed for life a…
controls the passage of substances into and out of the cell
structures in the cytoplasm where oxygen is used and most of…
Nucleus
controls all the activities of the cell. contains the genes o…
Cytoplasm
a liquid gel in which most of the reactions needed for life a…
29 terms
Biology - Cell to Organism
Cell
Cell Membrane
cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
40 terms
From Cell to organism Guided Notes -Biology 1
Fertilization
Zygote
Mitosis
Exponentially
A sperm and an Egg join during ______.
During Fertilization this creates a _____ - a single cell for…
How does a zygote become a whole human? _____
Once the zygote begins to divide by mitosis, the number of ce…
Fertilization
A sperm and an Egg join during ______.
Zygote
During Fertilization this creates a _____ - a single cell for…
8 terms
Additional Biology: Unit 1, Cells Tissues and Organs
What do most cells have in common?
What unique features do plant and alga…
Bacteria cells
Yeast cells
- Nucleus= controls cell activities... - Cytoplasm= where many c…
- Cell wall= made of cellulose, helps support cell... - chloropl…
- Only seen under a microscope... - Cell membrane and cell wall…
- Single cell organism ... - Has a nucleus , cytoplasm and membr…
What do most cells have in common?
- Nucleus= controls cell activities... - Cytoplasm= where many c…
What unique features do plant and alga…
- Cell wall= made of cellulose, helps support cell... - chloropl…
8 terms
PPT #1 Biology and Genetics of Cells and Organisms
Metazoa
Allele
Chromatin
Nucleosome
Animals composed of many cells
One alternative among different versions of a gene that may b…
Complex of DNA, RNA, and proteins that might constitute a chr…
Protein octamer with two of each histones H2A, H2B, H3, H4 --…
Metazoa
Animals composed of many cells
Allele
One alternative among different versions of a gene that may b…
36 terms
Cell Biology: Cellular Organization
Cell Theory
Cell Size
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
A) All living things are composed of cells. ... B) All cells ari…
maintains small...... - surface area to volume ratio... - prevent f…
single-celled, does not contain a true nucleus (ex: blue gree…
has a "true" nucleus produced by nuclear membrane (ex: fungi,…
Cell Theory
A) All living things are composed of cells. ... B) All cells ari…
Cell Size
maintains small...... - surface area to volume ratio... - prevent f…
24 terms
Biology 2.1 | Cells, tissues and organs
animal cells
plant cells
nucleus
cytoplasm
mostly (but not always) contain a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell me…
mostly (but not always) contain a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell me…
controls all the activities of the cell. It contains the gene…
is a liquid gel in which most of the chemical reactions neede…
animal cells
mostly (but not always) contain a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell me…
plant cells
mostly (but not always) contain a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell me…
15 terms
Human Biology: 1 Cell structure and Body organs
1a/b- Describe the structure and funct…
1a/b- Describe the structure and funct…
1a/b- Describe the structure and funct…
1a/b- Describe the structure and funct…
Surrounds the cell and controls movement of materials into an…
Found between the cell membrane and the nucleus, it is a subs…
Found near the centre of the cell wall, it contains the inher…
Found in the cytoplasm, they are often attached to endoplasmi…
1a/b- Describe the structure and funct…
Surrounds the cell and controls movement of materials into an…
1a/b- Describe the structure and funct…
Found between the cell membrane and the nucleus, it is a subs…
60 terms
Biology- cells, tissues, organs
What do animal and plants cells have i…
What is the function of the nucleus
What do plant cells that animal cells…
Function cytoplasm
They have a... Nucleus... Cytoplasm ... Cell membrane... Mitochondria ... Ri…
Controls the cells activity
Cell wall... Chloroplasts ... Vacuole
Chemical reactions take place
What do animal and plants cells have i…
They have a... Nucleus... Cytoplasm ... Cell membrane... Mitochondria ... Ri…
What is the function of the nucleus
Controls the cells activity
54 terms
Ch. 1 "Biology and Genetics of Cells and Organisms"
Metazoa
Metaphyta
Co-dominant
Incomplete dominance
multicellular animals
multicellular plants
blend of the actions of the two alleles
dominant allele may be present but its phenotype is not manif…
Metazoa
multicellular animals
Metaphyta
multicellular plants
8 terms
Cell Biology-Model Organisms-Test 1
E. coli
Budding Yeast (saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Roundworm
Fruit Fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
-Research and study for new antibiotics ... -Study the cell cycle
-It is a eukaryote... -It is very simple; it performs all of the…
-Development of the body plan... -Transparent, which allows us t…
-used to study genetics... -We have mapped its entire genome so…
E. coli
-Research and study for new antibiotics ... -Study the cell cycle
Budding Yeast (saccharomyces cerevisiae)
-It is a eukaryote... -It is very simple; it performs all of the…
23 terms
Biology: cells and organisms
How can you tell that something is ali…
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
MRS GRENC- Movement, respiration, sensitivity, growth, reprod…
Contains DNA which controls the functions of the cell
Jelly-like in texture, most chemical reactions take place here
Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
How can you tell that something is ali…
MRS GRENC- Movement, respiration, sensitivity, growth, reprod…
Nucleus
Contains DNA which controls the functions of the cell
10 terms
Biology - B1 - Genes, Cells, Organisms
Allele
Gene
Cell
Chromosome
Diffenet forms of a gene
Section of DNA giving the instructions for a cell to know how…
Basic structural unit of living things
Long, thin, threadlike structures in the nucleus of a cell ma…
Allele
Diffenet forms of a gene
Gene
Section of DNA giving the instructions for a cell to know how…
24 terms
Cell Biology, Cellular Organization
Limitations on cell size
Surface area / volume ratio affects ce…
Diffusion rates of molecules affects c…
Need for adequate concentrations of re…
Surface area/volume ratio, diffusion rates of molecules, need…
Affects capacity for membrane transport, and microvilli.
Large molecules diffuse more slowly, and other internal trans…
Large cells require synthesis of more molecules to maintain r…
Limitations on cell size
Surface area/volume ratio, diffusion rates of molecules, need…
Surface area / volume ratio affects ce…
Affects capacity for membrane transport, and microvilli.
22 terms
Biology Multicellular Organisms 2.1 (Cells, Tissues and Organs)
What are animals and plants?
What is a multicellular organism?
What is each type of cell designed to…
What are specialised cells?
Multicellular organisms
An organisms with more than one cell
To carry out a particular job or function
Cells whose structures are adapted to carry out a specific fu…
What are animals and plants?
Multicellular organisms
What is a multicellular organism?
An organisms with more than one cell
15 terms
Biology Unit 1: Organic Compounds/Cells
monomer
polymer
eukaryote
prokaryote
molecules that react chemically to other molecules of the sam…
a large molecule composed of repeating monomers
large, complex cells; contain a nucleus with tightly compacte…
simple, single-celled organisms; small; ancient; no nuclues,…
monomer
molecules that react chemically to other molecules of the sam…
polymer
a large molecule composed of repeating monomers
30 terms
Adv. Biology - Organization of cells
What is a volvox?
What are gated channels?
High/low turgor pressure in relation t…
Cytolysis/plasmolysis in relation to h…
a green, single-celled aquatic organism.
mechanism for active or passive transport, monitors what come…
Turgor pressure is how mush pressure is on eht einside or out…
This has to do with hyper/hypotonic because city/plasmolysis…
What is a volvox?
a green, single-celled aquatic organism.
What are gated channels?
mechanism for active or passive transport, monitors what come…
57 terms
Biology - Cell Biology 1
cell
disease
infectious disease
malaria
Basic unit of life
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
This disease is commonly associated with poverty and is sprea…
cell
Basic unit of life
disease
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
18 terms
biology cell organisms
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
vacuole
portion of cell outside of nucleus
contains DNA
creates rymbosomes
stores materials
cytoplasm
portion of cell outside of nucleus
nucleus
contains DNA
28 terms
Biology Unit 1: From Cells to Organisms
Define Cell
Define tissue
Define Organ
Define Organ System
basic unit of a all living things
a collection of cells
a collection of tissues
a collection of organs
Define Cell
basic unit of a all living things
Define tissue
a collection of cells
45 terms
Cell and Organism Biology
Lysosome
Are Lysosomes found in plant or animal…
Ribosome
Where can you typically find ribosomes?
Take in bacteria and foreign bodies to be destroyed by enzymes
Animal
Help build proteins and amino acids.
Attached to the ER
Lysosome
Take in bacteria and foreign bodies to be destroyed by enzymes
Are Lysosomes found in plant or animal…
Animal
12 terms
BIOLOGY-cell structure and organization
Cell theory
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Iodine
All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
No nucleus-bacteria-cell wall,cytoplasm,ribosomes,DNA
Have nucleus
Stains the nucleus and cell membranes of the cells
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
Prokaryote
No nucleus-bacteria-cell wall,cytoplasm,ribosomes,DNA
37 terms
biology- organic molecules & cells
organic
what is the importance of carbon?
diversity {of carbon}
all organic molecules/polymers start s…
containing carbon
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
due to tetravalence of carbon
a cell
organic
containing carbon
what is the importance of carbon?
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
39 terms
Biology of Cell + Tissue Organization
cell
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Features of Cells
basic structural & functional units of life
Structured Cells with nucleus... protists, fungi, animals, plants
not structured with out nucleus... bacteria, archaea
Plasma membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus... (varies greatly)
cell
basic structural & functional units of life
Eukaryotes
Structured Cells with nucleus... protists, fungi, animals, plants
12 terms
The Cell - Levels of Organization (1)
Hierarchy
Cell
Tissue
Organ
A system of persons or things arranged in agreed order. A sys…
The smallest/basic unit of life
Group of similar types of cells that work together to carry o…
Group of different tissue working together to perform a parti…
Hierarchy
A system of persons or things arranged in agreed order. A sys…
Cell
The smallest/basic unit of life
56 terms
4.1: cell organization
cells
Light microscope
magnification
parameters of microscopy
fundamental units of structure and function... Basic unit of life
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
ratio of object's image size to real size
n. limits or boundaries; guidelines... -magnification... -resolutio…
cells
fundamental units of structure and function... Basic unit of life
Light microscope
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
37 terms
Advanced Biology Organization of Cells
Volvox
Mitochondria
Gated Channels
Rudolph Virchow
Green, single celled aquatic organism that forms free swimmin…
Organelle found in large numbers, biochemical processes of re…
Is a mechanism for passive transport
German pathologist recognized that cells come from other cell…
Volvox
Green, single celled aquatic organism that forms free swimmin…
Mitochondria
Organelle found in large numbers, biochemical processes of re…
21 terms
BIOLOGY cell structure and organization
Cells
Light micrographs
Electron micrographs
Protoplasm
Simplest units that exhibits the characteristics of life
Magnify objects up to 1000x. Can come out in color, specimen…
Magnify objects up to 200000x. Black and white images. Can be…
Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell surface membrane
Cells
Simplest units that exhibits the characteristics of life
Light micrographs
Magnify objects up to 1000x. Can come out in color, specimen…
20 terms
Cell Biology/Organization of the Cell/CSM
In plants the membranous sac that main…
rRNA and proteins make up ribosomal su…
The larger size of eukaryotic cells (a…
Prokaryotic cells
central vacuole
nucleolus
the presence of cell organelles in eukaryotes
lack mitochondria
In plants the membranous sac that main…
central vacuole
rRNA and proteins make up ribosomal su…
nucleolus
27 terms
Biology cell organizer
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope (membrane)
Nucleolus
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane bound organelle that contain…
The double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
The part of the eukaryotic nucleus where ribosomal RNA is syn…
In a eukaryotic cell: one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Nucleus
In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane bound organelle that contain…
Nuclear envelope (membrane)
The double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
8 terms
Biology - Cell Organs
Muscular Tissue
Glandular Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Glands
moves the stomach wall to churn up the food
what makes digestive juices to digest food ... makes and secrete…
covers the outside and inside of a stomach
Produces digestive juices
Muscular Tissue
moves the stomach wall to churn up the food
Glandular Tissue
what makes digestive juices to digest food ... makes and secrete…
20 terms
Biology cell structures and organisms
mitochondria
cytoplasm
cell wall
lysosome
without these organelles, cells would not be able to synthesi…
"soupy" region found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells…
found in both plants and bacteria, this structure provides su…
site where macromolecules are degraded
mitochondria
without these organelles, cells would not be able to synthesi…
cytoplasm
"soupy" region found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells…
24 terms
Biology Cell Organization
True
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Org…
True
False
Cell organization has 5 levels
What is the order of cell organization?
These levels are only found in multicellular organisms
The levels go from biggest to smallest
True
Cell organization has 5 levels
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Org…
What is the order of cell organization?
13 terms
Biology- Cells, Tissues, Organs
Organelle
Unspecialised Cells
Differentiation of Cells
A Cell
Structures in the cell with special functions
These Cells divide and reproduce. This means they have no spe…
The development of cells to perform their particular function…
A unit of protoplasm surrounded by a selected cell plasma mem…
Organelle
Structures in the cell with special functions
Unspecialised Cells
These Cells divide and reproduce. This means they have no spe…
29 terms
Biology- Cells and Organisms
Organelle
Components of an animal cell
Nucleus
Cell membrane
A structure within a cell with a particular function/purpose
-Nucleus... -Cell membrane ... -Cytoplasm... -Ribosomes... -Mitochondria
-Controls cell activity... -Contains genes
Control which structures enter and leave the cell
Organelle
A structure within a cell with a particular function/purpose
Components of an animal cell
-Nucleus... -Cell membrane ... -Cytoplasm... -Ribosomes... -Mitochondria
17 terms
Science Biology 1 cells, tissues, organs, organ systems and life
Name all the parts in a animal cell, d…
Name all the parts in a plant cell dra…
What is the function of the cell membr…
What is the function of the nucleus?
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, mitochondria.
vacuole, cell membrane, cell wall, chloroplasts, cytoplasm, n…
It's the thin skin around the cell, which holds the cell toge…
The nucleus controls what the cell does.
Name all the parts in a animal cell, d…
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, mitochondria.
Name all the parts in a plant cell dra…
vacuole, cell membrane, cell wall, chloroplasts, cytoplasm, n…
11 terms
Biology (cell): unicellular organisms
Paramecium - nutrition
Chlamydomonas - nutrition
Paramecium - growth
Chlamydomonas - growth
Feeds on smaller animals by ingesting, then digesting them in…
Produces its own food by photosynthesis using chloroplast
Increases in size by accumulating organic matter and minerals…
Increases in size due to photosynthesis and absorption of min…
Paramecium - nutrition
Feeds on smaller animals by ingesting, then digesting them in…
Chlamydomonas - nutrition
Produces its own food by photosynthesis using chloroplast
53 terms
biology cells and organisms
M
R
S
G
living organisms move
living organisms respire
living organisms are sensitive and respond to their environment
living organisms grow and develop
M
living organisms move
R
living organisms respire
9 terms
Cells, tissues, organs- biology
Cerebrum
Medulla
Cerebellum
CNS
The largest part of the brain, consits of two halfs. It contr…
At the back of the brain, controls heart rate and breathing.
Controls balance and coordination
Central Nervous System - brain, spinal cord and nerves
Cerebrum
The largest part of the brain, consits of two halfs. It contr…
Medulla
At the back of the brain, controls heart rate and breathing.
14 terms
Biology PBA - Cells & Organisms
Centriole
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Lysosomes
Part of the cell that is responsible for cell division.
(Animal and Plant Cell) Controls the movement of substances i…
(Animal and Plant Cell) Stores nutrients and wastes.
(Animal and Plant Cell) Contains digestive enzymes.
Centriole
Part of the cell that is responsible for cell division.
Cell Membrane
(Animal and Plant Cell) Controls the movement of substances i…
22 terms
Biology DNA, Cells & Living Organisms
nucleus
plant cell
endoplasmin reticulum
cell wall
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A type of cell characterized by a rigid cell wall and the pre…
extensive network of channels in the cytoplasm which allow su…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
plant cell
A type of cell characterized by a rigid cell wall and the pre…
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